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Maryland Historical Trust

Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Container:
Box 26, Folder 34
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Climbing Jacob's Ladder: the rise of Black churches in Eastern American cities, 1740 - 1877 exhibition records, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Climbing Jacob's Ladder: the Rise of Black Churches in Eastern American cities, 1740 - 1877 Exhibition Records
Climbing Jacob's Ladder: the Rise of Black Churches in Eastern American cities, 1740 - 1877 Exhibition Records / Series 1: Research files
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa7b2557fdb-612d-4357-9daf-d4aade2d02e6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-03-036-ref1557

U.S. Museums- Learning, Teaching, and Expanding

Creator:
Smithsonian Education  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2009-03-17T19:03:49.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianEducation
Data Source:
Smithsonian Education
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianEducation
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_A9o8yNlxPhs

Phase III Archaeological Data Recovery at the Smithsonian Pier Site (18AN284/285), Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Anne Arundel County, Maryland

Author:
Gibb, James G.  Search this
Hines, Anson H.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
1997
Topic:
Animal health  Search this
Environmental sciences  Search this
Coastal ecology  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_153551

Minutes

Extent:
8.70 cu. ft. (9 document boxes) (7 12x17 boxes) (1 16x20 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1846-1995
Descriptive Entry:
These records are the official minutes of the Board. They are compiled at the direction of the Secretary of the Smithsonian, who is also secretary to the Board, after approval by the Regents' Executive Committee and by the Regents themselves. The minutes are edited, not a verbatim account of proceedings. For reasons unknown, there are no manuscript minutes for the period from 1857 through 1890; and researchers must rely on printed minutes published in the Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution instead. Minutes are transferred regularly from the Secretary's Office to the Archives. Minutes less than 15 years old are closed to researchers. Indexes exist for the period from 1907 to 1946 and can be useful.
Historical Note:
The Smithsonian Institution was created by authority of an Act of Congress approved August 10, 1846. The Act entrusted direction of the Smithsonian to a body called the Establishment, composed of the President; the Vice President; the Chief Justice of the United States; the secretaries of State, War, Navy, Interior, and Agriculture; the Attorney General; and the Postmaster General. In fact, however, the Establishment last met in 1877, and control of the Smithsonian has always been exercised by its Board of Regents. The membership of the Regents consists of the Vice President and the Chief Justice of the United States; three members each of the Senate and House of Representatives; two citizens of the District of Columbia; and seven citizens of the several states, no two from the same state. (Prior to 1970 the category of Citizen Regents not residents of Washington consisted of four members). By custom the Chief Justice is Chancellor. The office was at first held by the Vice President. However, when Millard Fillmore succeeded to the presidency on the death of Zachary Taylor in 1851, Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney was chosen in his stead. The office has always been filled by the Chief Justice since that time.

The Regents of the Smithsonian have included distinguished Americans from many walks of life. Ex officio members (Vice President) have been: Spiro T. Agnew, Chester A. Arthur, Allen W. Barkley, John C. Breckenridge, George Bush, Schuyler Colfax, Calvin Coolidge, Charles Curtis, George M. Dallas, Charles G. Dawes, Charles W. Fairbanks, Millard Fillmore, Gerald R. Ford, John N. Garner, Hannibal Hamlin, Thomas A. Hendricks, Garret A. Hobart, Hubert H. Humphrey, Andrew Johnson, Lyndon B. Johnson, William R. King, Thomas R. Marshall, Walter F. Mondale, Levi P. Morton, Richard M. Nixon, Nelson A. Rockefeller, Theodore Roosevelt, James S. Sherman, Adlai E. Stevenson, Harry S. Truman, Henry A. Wallace, William A. Wheeler, Henry Wilson.

Ex officio members (Chief Justice) have been: Roger B. Taney, Salmon P. Chase, Nathan Clifford, Morrison R. Waite, Samuel F. Miller, Melville W. Fuller, Edward D. White, William Howard Taft, Charles Evans Hughes, Harlan F. Stone, Fred M. Vinson, Earl Warren, Warren E. Burger.

Regents on the part of the Senate have been: Clinton P. Anderson, Newton Booth, Sidney Breese, Lewis Cass, Robert Milledge Charlton, Bennet Champ Clark, Francis M. Cockrell, Shelby Moore Cullom, Garrett Davis, Jefferson Davis, George Franklin Edmunds, George Evans, Edwin J. Garn, Walter F. George, Barry Goldwater, George Gray, Hannibal Hamlin, Nathaniel Peter Hill, George Frisbie Hoar, Henry French Hollis, Henry M. Jackson, William Lindsay, Henry Cabot Lodge, Medill McCormick, James Murray Mason, Samuel Bell Maxey, Robert B. Morgan, Frank E. Moss, Claiborne Pell, George Wharton Pepper, David A. Reed, Leverett Saltonstall, Hugh Scott, Alexander H. Smith, Robert A. Taft, Lyman Trumbull, Wallace H. White, Jr., Robert Enoch Withers.

Regents on the part of the House of Representatives have included: Edward P. Boland, Frank T. Bow, William Campbell Breckenridge, Overton Brooks, Benjamin Butterworth, Clarence Cannon, Lucius Cartrell, Hiester Clymer, William Colcock, William P. Cole, Jr., Maurice Connolly, Silvio O. Conte, Edward E. Cox, Edward H. Crump, John Dalzell, Nathaniel Deering, Hugh A. Dinsmore, William English, John Farnsworth, Scott Ferris, Graham Fitch, James Garfield, Charles L. Gifford, T. Alan Goldsborough, Frank L. Greene, Gerry Hazleton, Benjamin Hill, Henry Hilliard, Ebenezer Hoar, William Hough, William M. Howard, Albert Johnson, Leroy Johnson, Joseph Johnston, Michael Kirwan, James T. Lloyd, Robert Luce, Robert McClelland, Samuel K. McConnell, Jr., George H. Mahon, George McCrary, Edward McPherson, James R. Mann, George Perkins Marsh, Norman Y. Mineta, A. J. Monteague, R. Walton Moore, Walter H. Newton, Robert Dale Owen, James Patterson, William Phelps, Luke Poland, John Van Schaick Lansing Pruyn, B. Carroll Reece, Ernest W. Roberts, Otho Robards Singleton, Frank Thompson, Jr., John M. Vorys, Hiram Warner, Joseph Wheeler.

Citizen Regents have been: David C. Acheson, Louis Agassiz, James B. Angell, Anne L. Armstrong, William Backhouse Astor, J. Paul Austin, Alexander Dallas Bache, George Edmund Badger, George Bancroft, Alexander Graham Bell, James Gabriel Berrett, John McPherson Berrien, Robert W. Bingham, Sayles Jenks Bowen, William G. Bowen, Robert S. Brookings, John Nicholas Brown, William A. M. Burden, Vannevar Bush, Charles F. Choate, Jr., Rufus Choate, Arthur H. Compton, Henry David Cooke, Henry Coppee, Samuel Sullivan Cox, Edward H. Crump, James Dwight Dana, Harvey N. Davis, William Lewis Dayton, Everette Lee Degolyer, Richard Delafield, Frederic A. Delano, Charles Devens, Matthew Gault Emery, Cornelius Conway Felton, Robert V. Fleming, Murray Gell-Mann, Robert F. Goheen, Asa Gray, George Gray, Crawford Hallock Greenwalt, Nancy Hanks, Caryl Parker Haskins, Gideon Hawley, John B. Henderson, John B. Henderson, Jr., A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., Gardner Greene Hubbard, Charles Evans Hughes, Carlisle H. Humelsine, Jerome C. Hunsaker, William Preston Johnston, Irwin B. Laughlin, Walter Lenox, Augustus P. Loring, John Maclean, William Beans Magruder, John Walker Maury, Montgomery Cunningham Meigs, John C. Merriam, R. Walton Moore, Roland S. Morris, Dwight W. Morrow, Richard Olney, Peter Parker, Noah Porter, William Campbell Preston, Owen Josephus Roberts, Richard Rush, William Winston Seaton, Alexander Roby Shepherd, William Tecumseh Sherman, Otho Robards Singleton, Joseph Gilbert Totten, John Thomas Towers, Frederic C. Walcott, Richard Wallach, Thomas J. Watson, Jr., James E. Webb, James Clarke Welling, Andrew Dickson White, Henry White, Theodore Dwight Woolsey.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Museum trustees  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 1, Smithsonian Institution. Board of Regents, Minutes
Identifier:
Record Unit 1
See more items in:
Minutes
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0001
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In context : a newsletter of the Division of Historical and Cultural Programs, Maryland Department of Housing and Community Development

Author:
Maryland Department of Housing and Community Development Division of Historical and Cultural Programs  Search this
Maryland Historical Trust  Search this
Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
Maryland
Date:
1991
[1991-
Topic:
Historic preservation  Search this
Historic buildings--Conservation and restoration  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_698018

Historical Records of Jones-Hall-Sims House

Creator:
McDaniel, George W.  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Oral histories (document genres)
Place:
United States of America -- Maryland -- Montgomery County -- Potomac
Poolesville (Md.)
Date:
1978-1979
Summary:
The Jones-Hall-Sims House also known as "Freedom House" is featured prominently in the NMAAHC Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation exhibition. This collection reflects the research completed by historian Dr. George McDaniel documenting the history of the Jones-Hall-Sims House, the communties of Jonesville and Jerusalem.
Scope and Contents:
The Historical Records of Jones-Hall-Sims House consists of the research that historian Dr. George McDaniel and his team completed in order to document African American communities in western Montgomery County, Maryland. The collection consists of photographs and oral history transcripts collected about the families and community members that occupied the historic home and the surrounding Jonesville community. The bulk of the materials were created and collected during 1978-1979.
Arrangement:
The materials in this collection have been kept at the folder level and separated into three series. The materials have been ordered and organized based on the content. Within each series and subseries, the folders are organized as close to the collection's original order as when it was acquired.
Biographical / Historical:
The Jones-Hall-Sims House, also referred to as the "Freedom House," is featured prominently within the permanent exhibition, Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC). NMAAHC acquired the House in 2009. After disassembling the house at its original site in Maryland, it was reconstructed in the museum and became a focal aspect of the main History gallery. The House was named for three of the families that owned and occupied it for several generations starting in 1874. The home was originally located in Jonesville, Maryland, near what is now classified as Poolesville, Maryland. The Jones-Hall-Sims House was located at 6 Jonesville Terrace.

The city of Jonesville was named after brothers Richard (1810-1880) and Erasmus (1823-1880) Jones. Jonesville was one of the earliest free African American communities in Montgomery County, Maryland. Most of the inhabitants of Jonesville were descendants of the town's founders. With ratification of 13th amendment effectively banning the practice of American slavery, many former plantation owners were forced to sell their land to the formerly enslaved people who wanted to create and sustain their own communities. Research indicates that Richard and Erasmus were likely enslaved by the Bruner family on their Aix la Chapelle plantation. It is believed that the Bruner family enslaved up to 5,400 African American men, women, and children before the Civil War. This included Henrietta Jones, (1778-1870) that research suggests was the mother of Richard and Erasmus. In 1874, Richard Jones purchased 9 acres of land on the former Aix la Chapelle plantation from the Bruner family for $135.00. The sale was not formalized until the death of the landowner and head of the Bruner family, Joseph in 1874.

It is believed that the Jones-Hall-Sims House was built in approximately 1875. Research suggests that Richard Jones likely built the home with the help of his sons and neighbors. The original house was a wooden structure with two stories, three bays, and a side gabled roof covered in tin. Although Richard owned the house, it is unclear if he ever lived there. He transferred ownership of the house and land to his sons, John Henry (1853-1920) and Dennis (b. 1855) in 1876. John Henry and his wife Maria Jones are the first recorded occupants of the Jones-Hall-Sims House. Maria was the daughter of John Peters (b. 1825) a free-born blacksmith and an unidentified enslaved woman. John Peters also hailed from a longtime Jonesville family. Marrying John Henry in 1878, Maria was the first of her family who lived with her husband and children in the same home. In 1896, John Henry Jones sold the land the Jones-Hall-Sims House was located on to his brother Frank Jones and a friend, Levin Hall. The house was on Hall's property; therefore, the ownership was transferred to him.

In 1915, Elmer Jones, Richard's grandson, built a house nearby Jones-Hall-Sims House and made a home with his wife, Elnora Hall, Levin Hall's daughter. Elmer, a carpenter, known during that time as a "house wright," was responsible for rebuilding Elijah Methodist Church after it was damaged in a fire. Elmer's grandfather Richard was responsible for building the church, an integral part of the Jonesville community. After Elnora's death, Elmer married Hannah Jones; she would subsequently remain in that home until after Elmer's death in 1969.

In 1946, Annie E. Hall, Elnora's sister and Levin's daughter, transferred the land surrounding the Jones-Hall-Sims House to her daughter, Marion Hall. Marion married John Sims and they raised their son, Paul, in the historic home. In 1964, returning home from his service in Air Force, Paul married Barbara (b. 1944) and returned home where they lived with his father, John. In 1989, John passed away and transferred the property to his son. Like his father, Paul raised his children and grandchildren in the home. The families in the home were always self-sufficient, hunting and farming for their food, growing orchards and gardens, and making their own wine. Featured frequently in the collection are images of hog butchering, a main source of income throughout the home's history. Hog butchering was a joyous occasion, celebrated with food and drink by the whole community.

From 1978-9, Dr. George McDaniel conducted a historical survey of African American communities in upper western Montgomery County, Maryland. McDaniel worked with the preservation organization, Sugarloaf Regional Trails and the Maryland Historical Trust to conduct the survey. The purpose was to document important African American historical communities and homes in the area as they were rapidly disappearing. The survey was also used to obtain historical designation from the Maryland Historical Trust for the home in applications date for 1979 and 1985. Unfortunately, the house did not successfully receive the designation. At the time of the survey, McDaniel was a Ph.D. student at Duke University studying traditional African American home and customs. The study included research on the homes, churches, and schools through artifacts, photographs, and oral histories. At the time of the survey, Paul Sims owned and lived in the home. From his findings, McDaniel published Black Historical Resources in Upper Western Montgomery County and A Living Black Heritage focused on 11 African American communities including Jonesville and Sugarland.

In 2000, the family lost ownership of the home and it was purchased by Maryland resident, Brad Rhoderick with the intent to demolish the property to build a new home for his family. The Montgomery County Historic Preservation Commission was not able to designate the Jones-Hall-Sims House for historical preservation because of the many changes done by later generations who lived in the home, so they turned to NMAAHC for help. They worked together to acquire the house as quickly as possible to ensure the rich history presented by the home was preserved.

Historical Timeline

1778 -- Henrietta Jones was born. Research suggests she was the mother of Richard and Erasmus Jones.

c. 1810 -- Richard Jones was born.

c. 1820s -- Richard Jones married Evelyn (b. 1820).

1825 -- John Peters was born.

1850 -- Levin Hall was born. Frank Jones is born to Richard and Evelyn Jones (b. 1820).

1853 -- John Henry Jones was born to Richard and Evelyn Jones.

1855 -- Dennis Jones was born to Richard and Evelyn Jones.

1858 -- Maria E. Peters was born to John Peters and unidentified enslaved woman.

1864 -- Maryland ratified the Emancipation Proclamation.

1870 -- Henrietta Jones passed away.

1874 -- Richard Jones purchased 9 acres of land from the Aix la Chapelle plantation. Richard purchased the land that became Jonesville, named after founders Richard and Erasmus Jones.

1875 -- Jones-Hall-Sims House was built.

1878 -- John Henry married Maria E. Peters.

1876 -- Richard Jones bequeathed the House and land to his sons, John Henry (m. Marie E.) and Dennis Jones (m. Mary V.)

1879 -- Frank Jones, son of Richard and Rachael Jones, married Ruth (1858-1931).

1880 -- Dennis Jones married Mary (b. 1862). Richard Jones passed away.

1888 -- Elmer Jones was born to John Henry Jones and an unknown woman.

1891 -- Elnora Hall was born to Levin and Ruth Hall.

1896 -- John Henry Jones sold the House to his brother Frank Jones and friend Levin Hall splitting the property in half. The Jones-Hall-Sims House was located on Hall's land.

1898 -- John Sims was born.

1902 -- Marian Hall was born to Annie E. Hall and unknown man.

1915 -- Elmer Jones built his own home in Jonesville near the Jones-Hall-Sims House and lived with his wife Elnora Hall Jones (daughter of Levin Hall).

1920 -- Marian Hall married John Sims. Elnora Hall Jones and John Henry Jones passed away.

1924 -- Annie E. Hall inherits the land from her father, Levin Hall.

1936 -- Paul Sims was born and raised by Elmer Jones, husband to Elnora Hall.

1946 -- Marion Hall Sims (daughter of Annie E. Hall) inherited the land and passed it on to her husband John Sims.

1969 -- Elmer Jones passed away, leaving his own house to his widow Hannah Jones (1902-1984).

1978-1979 -- Dr. George McDaniel conducted a historical survey of the black communities in Montgomery County, Maryland.

1989 -- John Sims passed away. Paul Sims inherits the home from his father, John Sims.

1984-c. 1995 -- Paul and Barbara Sims lived with their children and grandchildren. John Sims lived with his family until he passed away in 1989.

2000 -- The family sold the land.

2008 -- Jones-Hall-Sims House was purchased by Brad Rhoderick with the intention to demolish the house and rebuild a new one.

2009 -- Jones-Hall-Sims House was acquired by the National Museum of African American History and Culture.
Provenance:
Acquired as a gift of Dr. George W. McDaniel.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
American South  Search this
Communities  Search this
Domestic life  Search this
Families  Search this
Religions  Search this
Local and Regional  Search this
Free communities of color  Search this
Emancipation  Search this
Housing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Oral histories (document genres)
Citation:
Historical Records of the Jones-Hall-Sims House, National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAAHC.A2013.110
See more items in:
Historical Records of Jones-Hall-Sims House
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/io384b67087-6513-4a57-95b7-0da5a9b6a320
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmaahc-a2013-110

Unidentified Woman

Artist:
William Matthew Prior, 16 May 1806 - 21 Jan 1873  Search this
Sitter:
Unidentified Woman  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
81.9cm x 66.7cm (32 1/4" x 26 1/4"), Sight
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1840-1845
Topic:
Unidentified Woman: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Maryland Historical Trust
Object number:
MD100004
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4acd13de8-ed6f-412e-9ac8-8e27683ae92e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_MD100004

Unidentified Man

Artist:
William Matthew Prior, 16 May 1806 - 21 Jan 1873  Search this
Sitter:
Unidentified Man  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
82.5cm x 66.7cm (32 1/2" x 26 1/4"), Sight
Type:
Painting
Date:
1835-1845
Topic:
Unidentified Man: Male  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Maryland Historical Trust
Object number:
MD100003
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4c159923c-7249-4d58-99ec-49a61a40aea5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_MD100003

Matthew Perkins

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
Matthew Perkins, 1725 - 1814  Search this
Medium:
Negative cut
Dimensions:
11.4cm x 8.9cm (4 1/2" x 3 1/2"), Sight
Type:
Silhouette
Date:
c. 1800-1814
Topic:
Matthew Perkins: Male  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Maryland Historical Trust
Object number:
MD100002
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm42ae0c3f9-5727-463d-b2cb-5d34888ed6f8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_MD100002

Maryland Historical Trust Manuscript Series Number 26, 1980

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Assistant Secretary for Research.  Search this
Container:
Box 29 of 35
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Box 17 contains materials restricted indefinitely; see finding aid; Contact reference staff for details.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 88-140, Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary for Research, Subject Files
See more items in:
Subject Files
Subject Files / Box 29
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa88-140-refidd1e6855

Maryland Historical Trust, 1986

Collection Creator::
Washburn, Wilcomb E.  Search this
Container:
Box 7 of 11
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Box 1 contains materials restricted indefinitely; see finding aid; Contact reference staff for details.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 93-125, Wilcomb E. Washburn Papers
See more items in:
Wilcomb E. Washburn Papers
Wilcomb E. Washburn Papers / Box 7
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa93-125-refidd1e2959

Watson M. Perrygo Oral History Interviews

Creator::
Perrygo, Watson M., interviewee  Search this
Extent:
26 audiotapes (Reference copies). 52 digital .mp3 files (Reference copies).
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Transcripts
Audiotapes
Date:
1978
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Institution Archives began its Oral History Program in 1973. The purpose of the program is to supplement the written documentation of the Archives' record and manuscript collections with an Oral History Collection, focusing on the history of the Institution, research by its scholars, and contributions of its staff. Program staff conduct interviews with current and retired Smithsonian staff and others who have made significant contributions to the Institution. There are also interviews conducted by researchers or students on topics related to the history of the Smithsonian or the holdings of the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

Perrygo was interviewed for the Oral History Collection because of his long association with the USNM, spanning some forty years, and his extensive knowledge of the history of the Institution
Descriptive Entry:
Perrygo was interviewed on August 8 and 16; September 8 and 25; October 30; November 13 and 16; and December 4 and 11, 1978 by Pamela M. Henson. The interviews cover his youth and education; early associations and impressions of the museum; career at the USNM, notably his work as a taxidermist and exhibits specialist, as well as his collecting expeditions; reminiscences of colleagues and friends, such as Alexander Wetmore and A. Remington Kellogg; taxidermy technique; his work in historic preservation; and his tenure as Director of Exhibits for the Botanical Garden Museum.

Related collections in the Archives include Record Unit 7306, The Watson M. Perrygo Papers; Record Unit 7006, The Alexander Wetmore Papers, which contains photograph albums from their Panama trips; and Record Units 7215 and 7217, Collected Notes, Lists, Drawings and Catalogs on Birds and Mammals, respectively, which contain Perrygo's field notebooks.
Historical Note:
Watson Mondell Perrygo (1906-1984) was a naturalist who worked for the United States National Museum (USNM) from 1925-1965 as a taxidermist, field collector, and exhibits specialist. He was born in Washington, D.C., on 18 October 1906 and grew up in Prince Georges County, Maryland. In his youth, he developed an interest in natural history, spending much of his time at the USNM. While in high school, he began going on ornithological field trips with USNM Director, Alexander Wetmore; thus began a professional friendship which lasted throughout their careers.

Perrygo's entire career was spent at the USNM as a scientific aide and then taxidermist. His extensive field work included systematic surveys of the southeast United States and of Panama. He was first employed part-time by the USNM in 1925 to prepare specimens for the Philadelphia sesquicentennial. In 1927 he became a permanent employee, working part-time in the Taxidermy Studio. In 1928-1929 he was sent on his first field trip to Haiti, with Arthur J. Poole. The following year, he returned to Haiti as the Smithsonian Representative on the Parish-Smithsonian Expedition. During the 1930s he conducted a systematic program of field collecting in the southeast United States, traveling to West Virginia in 1936; Tennessee in 1937; Kentucky in 1938; North Carolina in 1939; and South Carolina in 1940. On his North Carolina trip he met a schoolteacher, Velva Howard, whom he married.

Perrygo accompanied A. Remington Kellogg to Rampart Cave, Arizona, in 1942 to excavate remains of extinct sloth. From 1946 to 1953, Perrygo and Wetmore collected in a different section of Panama each year in preparation for Wetmore's multi-volume The Birds of Panama. In 1946 they traveled through Darien; in 1947 up the Jaque River in Darien; in 1948 through Herrera province; in 1949 through the Province of Panama; in 1950 to Chiman and up the Maje River; in 1951 to Cerro Campana; in 1952 up the Rio Indio; and in 1953 through Sona.

As a taxidermist, Perrygo worked on many of the famous zoological specimens in the National Museum, such as "Martha," the last passenger pigeon, and the Fenykovi elephant. During the USNM Exhibits Modernization Program of the 1950s, Perrygo was very active in renovating the zoological exhibit halls. In 1960 he was placed in charge of the Taxidermy Studio until his retirement in 1965.

Perrygo restored a Charles County, Maryland, colonial estate in the fifties consisting "Ellerslie," the main house, adjacent barn (c. 1667) and outbuildings. After retirement, he served on the Board of Maryland Historic Trust and as President of the Charles County Historical Society. Perrygo directed the restoration of numerous structures, such as the Friendship House, Mudd House, and Cat-Slide House, reflecting his long-standing interests in history and historic preservation. He also was Director of Exhibits for the Botanical Garden Museum in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, from 1977 to the 1980s.
Topic:
Mammalogy  Search this
Taxidermy  Search this
History  Search this
Museum techniques  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Genre/Form:
Transcripts
Audiotapes
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9516, Watson M. Perrygo Oral History Interviews
Identifier:
Record Unit 9516
See more items in:
Watson M. Perrygo Oral History Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9516

Includes reminiscences of Secretary Samuel P. Langley and his co-workers; establishment of the National Zoological Park; field trips with A. Remington Kellogg; the museum staff of the Bureau of Biological Survey; volunteer work for the Maryland Histori...

Collection Creator::
Perrygo, Watson M., interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9516, Watson M. Perrygo Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Watson M. Perrygo Oral History Interviews
Watson M. Perrygo Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9516-refidd1e418

Watson M. Perrygo Papers

Creator::
Perrygo, Watson M., 1906-1984  Search this
Extent:
6.16 cu. ft. (3 record storage boxes) (3 document boxes) (1 half document box) (1 16x20 box) (2 5x8 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Manuscripts
Clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Haiti
West Virginia
Tennessee
Kentucky
North Carolina
South Carolina
Arizona
Panama
Skyline Drive (Va.)
Date:
circa 1880s-1979
Descriptive Entry:
These papers consist of correspondence from Alexander Wetmore, field co-workers, and museum curators concerning authorization for field trips, instructions on natural history specimens desired and areas to visit, and acknowledgments of specimens and camping equipment; correspondence from state game and fisheries agencies concerning hunting licenses and permits; letters of introduction; and a letter from Mamie Doud Eisenhower thanking Perrygo for restoration work on her Chippendale mirror, 1955. Other materials include field trip reports, 1936-1940; expense accounts; specimen lists; black and white photographs taken during Perrygo's field trips, 1929-1942; and color motion pictures of the Panama trips, 1950-1953, Skyline Drive, Virginia, and the USNM taxidermy studio.

Materials collected by Perrygo include instructions on taxidermy techniques and newspaper articles about Perrygo, William L. Brown, and taxidermy in general. Also included are photographs of USNM taxidermists, c. 1930s to 1973; mounted animal specimens and zoological exhibits; floor plan of the African and North American mammal halls, MNH; selected art work at the National Gallery of Art and exhibits in the USNM collected by William Henry Holmes for a postcard series, c. 1918; the yacht, "Esperanza," signed by the Parishes, 1938; the taxidermy studio at the Natural History Building, 1950s; and Alexander Wetmore, Lawrence L. Oliver, and Perrygo at Skyline Drive, Virginia, 1955. Also, there are materials that may have belonged to the Taxidermist and the Department of Living Animals, USNM, during the 1880s, including labels for the natural history exhibits; taxidermists' addresses; and photographs of incomplete taxidermy models and mammals used as taxidermy models.

Additional materials documenting Perrygo's field trips include journals and field notebooks kept by Perrygo, 1936 to 1940, and by Wetmore during trips to Panama, 1946 to 1953, which are part of the Collected Notes, Lists, Drawings and Catalogs on Birds, and Mammals, record unit 7215 and record unit 7217, respectively. In 1978, taped interviews with Perrygo were made as part of the Archives' Oral History Project (record unit 9516).
Historical Note:
Watson M. Perrygo (1906-1984), field collector, taxidermist, and exhibits specialist for the United States National Museum (USNM), was born in Washington, D.C. As a young man, Perrygo was a frequent visitor to the USNM. He became a protege of the ornithologist, Alexander Wetmore, then Director of the Museum, with whom he went on weekend field trips in Maryland and Virginia.

Perrygo began his career at the USNM in 1927 as a scientific aide in the Division of Mammals and the taxidermy studio. In addition to the taxidermic and other collection-related work, Perrygo was sent on field trips to collect birds, mammals, and snakes unrepresented in the USNM. His collecting activities included trips to Haiti, 1929; again to Haiti in 1930 as a member of the Parish-Smithsonian Expedition; to West Virginia, 1936; to Tennessee, 1937; to Kentucky, 1938; to North Carolina, 1939; to South Carolina, 1940; and to Rampart Cave, Arizona, 1942, as assistant to A. Remington Kellogg to excavate skeletal remains of several species of mammals, birds, lizards, and snakes. Between 1946 and 1953, Perrygo also accompanied Wetmore to Panama on several occasions to collect birds.

Perrygo served as exhibits preparator and zoological exhibits worker in the Department of Zoology, USNM, 1952-1958, and as zoological exhibits worker in the Office of Exhibits, Museum of History and Technology (MHT), 1958-1960. He was in charge of taxidermy for MHT, 1960-1962, and for the Museum of Natural History (MNH), 1962-1964. Perrygo was an important figure in the exhibits modernization program at the USNM during the 1940s and 1950s.

After his retirement in 1964, Perrygo was an active participant in historical preservation projects in Maryland as president of the Charles County Historical Society and as a member of the Board of the Maryland Historical Trust. He also directed the museum exhibits program of the Botanical Garden Museum, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. From time to time, Perrygo also did consulting work on exhibits in the Smithsonian Institution.
Chronology:
October 18, 1906 -- Born, Washington, D. C.

1926 -- Helped USNM prepare natural history specimens for the Philadelphia Sesquicentennial

1926 -- Bird collecting in the vicinity of Ocean City, Maryland, with Alexander Wetmore and Frederick Charles Lincoln; learned how to collect and label birds

July-November, 1927 -- Worked part-time on the osteological specimens located in the attic of the Natural History Building

1927 -- Became permanent staff member of the USNM, as scientific aide, working half-time for the Division of Mammals and half-time for the taxidermy shop, and as field collector to collect birds and other natural history specimens for the USNM

December, 1928-April, 1929 -- Field collecting trip to Haiti with Arthur J. Poole

February-June, 1930 -- Field collecting trip to Haiti as a member of the Parish-Smithsonian Expedition. The expedition was sponsored by Lee Hamilton Parish and his parents, Samuel W. and Ella Parish. Perrygo sailed to Haiti with the Parishes on their yacht, the "Esperanza." The "Esperanza" made an unplanned stop in Cuba after a storm wrecked her mast. Perrygo collected bird specimens in Cuba while the yacht was being repaired. In Haiti, Perrygo continued to collect bird and other natural history specimens, mostly along the coastal region of Haiti, and collected live reptiles for the National Zoological Park.

1931 -- Went with USNM taxidermists Earl D. Reid and J. S. Warmbath to Bayhead, New Jersey to prepare a 1200 pound sailfish for exhibition

1932 -- Helped prepare natural history specimens for the George Washington Bicentennial

April-July, 1936 -- Field collecting trip to West Virginia to collect bird specimens with Carleton C. Lingebach

September-November, 1936 -- Field collecting trip to West Virginia with Carleton C. Lingebach

April-July, 1937 -- Field collecting trip to Tennessee with Herbert Friedmann (Alexander Wetmore joined them briefly in June)

September-November, 1937 -- Field collecting trip to Tennessee with Carleton C. Lingebach and Henry R. Schaefer

April-July, 1938 -- Field collecting trip to Kentucky with Henry R. Schaeffer and James Cole

September-November, 1938 -- Field collecting trip to Kentucky with Gregor Rohwer and Herbert G. Deignan

April-July, 1939 -- Field collecting trip to North Carolina with Charles Wheeler and Gregor Rohwer

September-November, 1939 -- Field collecting trip to North Carolina with Charles L. Wheeler (Alexander Wetmore and John Enos Graf joined them briefly in October)

April-July, 1940 -- Field collecting trip to South Carolina with J. Southgate Hoyt and John C. Calhoun

September-December, 1940 -- Field collecting trip to South Carolina with J. Southgate Hoyt and John S. Webb

March-May, 1942 -- Accompanied A. Remington Kellogg, Assistant Director of the USNM, to Rampart Cave, Arizona to excavate sloth fossils as well as skeletal remains of several species of mammals, birds, lizards, and snakes. Also visited the Denver Museum and Chicago's Field Museum of Natural History to study their exhibit methods.

1943-1964 -- Worked as a taxidermist full-time

1943-1964 -- USNM taxidermists were involved in the gradual modernization of the mammal, bird, osteology, and sealife exhibits in the Natural History Building

1946-1953 -- Accompanied Alexander Wetmore (Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, 1944-1952) on their annual field collecting trips to Panama to collect birds (usually between March and May)

1952-1958 -- Exhibit preparator and zoological exhibits worker in the Department of Zoology, USNM

October, 1957 -- Visited several plastic manufacturing companies in New York City and Philadelphia to learn to make accessories from plastic for the exhibits

November, 1957 -- Visited the University of Kansas Museum to study its exhibits methods

1958-1960 -- Zoological exhibits worker in the Office of Exhibits, Museum of History and Technology (MHT)

1960-1962 -- Was in charge of taxidermy for MHT

1962-1964 -- Was in charge of taxidermy for the Museum of Natural History (MNH)

1964 -- Retired from the MNH

1970-1978 -- President of the Charles County (Maryland) Historical Society

1970s-1983 -- Member of the Board of the Maryland Historical Trust

1977-1983 -- Directed the museum exhibits program of the Botanical Garden Museum, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

August 5, 1984 -- Died at home in Port Tobacco, Maryland
Topic:
Taxidermy  Search this
Fieldwork  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Taxidermists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Manuscripts
Clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7306, Watson M. Perrygo Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7306
See more items in:
Watson M. Perrygo Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7306

Maryland Historical Trust - Preservation Conference, 1992

Collection Creator::
Bunch, Lonnie G.  Search this
Container:
Box 17 of 27
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 19-200, Lonnie G. Bunch Papers
See more items in:
Lonnie G. Bunch Papers
Lonnie G. Bunch Papers / Series 6: NATIONAL MUSEUM OF AMERICAN HISTORY, 1988-2001 / Box 17
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa19-200-refidd1e7455

Maryland house & garden pilgrimage

Title:
Maryland house and garden pilgrimage
Author:
Federated Garden Clubs of Maryland Pilgrimage Committee  Search this
Maryland House and Garden Pilgrimage  Search this
Federated Garden Clubs of Maryland  Search this
Baltimore Museum of Art  Search this
Maryland Historical Society  Search this
Maryland Historical Trust  Search this
Society for the Preservation of Maryland Antiquities  Search this
Preservation Maryland  Search this
National Society of the Colonial Dames of America in the State of Maryland  Search this
Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 22-28 cm
Type:
Guidebooks
Place:
Maryland
Date:
194u
Topic:
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
Historic buildings  Search this
Gardens  Search this
Garden tours  Search this
Call number:
F176 .M378
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_594183

Somerset : an architectural history / Paul Baker Touart

Author:
Touart, Paul Baker  Search this
Maryland Historical Trust  Search this
Somerset County Historical Trust (Somerset County, Md.)  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 424 p. : ill., maps ; 28 cm
Type:
Guidebooks
Place:
Maryland
Somerset County
Somerset County (Md.)
Date:
1990
C1990
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
NA730.M32S668 1990X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_430936

Place on the plate: Smith Island, Chesapeake Bay

Creator:
National Museum of American History  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Interviews
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 18 Sep 2018 15:32:54 +0000
Topic:
American History  Search this
See more posts:
Blog Feed
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_f656d6b5217e48755a059d22b38d8b89

For Nearly 150 Years, This One House Told a Novel Story About the African-American Experience

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Conversations and talks
Blog posts
Published Date:
Wed, 07 Sep 2016 13:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_49fbcd2ff126ee76906a340e953d1647

John Smith's Chesapeake voyages, 1607-1609 / Helen C. Rountree, Wayne E. Clark, and Kent Mountford ; contributing authors, Michael B. Barber ... [et al.]

Author:
Rountree, Helen C. 1944-  Search this
Clark, Wayne E  Search this
Mountford, Kent 1938-  Search this
Barber, Michael B  Search this
Chesapeake Bay Gateways Network  Search this
United States National Park Service  Search this
Virginia Department of Historic Resources  Search this
Maryland Historical Trust  Search this
Subject:
Smith, John 1580-1631 Travel  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 402 p. : ill. (chiefly col.), maps (chiefly col.) ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
Chesapeake Bay Region (Md. and Va.)
Great Britain
America
Date:
2007
17th century
Topic:
History  Search this
Explorers  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Discovery and exploration  Search this
British  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_822631

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