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William M. Marutani Papers

Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Names:
Japanese Americans Citizens League  Search this
Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (4 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Photographs
Awards
Legal documents
Date:
1940-2003
Summary:
These materials are arranged chronologically and include information about Marutani's life and professional activities. The series includes information about his time in the Army, his association with Tule Lake, his work on the Loving v. Virginia case, photographs, a plaque from the Tule Lake Reunion Committee, and lecture research and notes.
Scope and Contents:
Papers mostly relating to Marutani's activism on behalf of former inmates of Japanese American internment camps during World War II, including: papers relating to Marutani's service with the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians, notes, facts and copies of historic documents he gathered; correspondence with former internees; photographs of camps and internees; legislative and litigative materials; and papers relating to Marutani's own wartime and post-war experiences.

This collection documents Marutani's activism on behalf of former Japanese American internment camp residents. Included are papers relating to Marutani's involvement with the CWRIC, notes, research, and photocopies of historic documents; correspondence; photographs of camps and internees; and legislative and litigation materials. Also, there are papers relating to Marutani's own wartime and post-war experiences.

Series 1: Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC), 1940-1990 These materials relate to the investigation by the Commission and the response to the results. Series one is divided into two subseries: Correspondence, 1980-1984 and Reference Materials, 1942-1990. The correspondence is in the original order that Marutani created and relates to research, communications between Commission members, and reactions to the Commission's findings. The reference materials also include research done in affiliation with the Commission.

Series Two: William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2003
Arrangement:
Collection arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
William M. Marutani, a second generation Japanese American, was born in Kent, Washington. In the fall of 1941, he enrolled in courses at the University of Washington, but was forced to leave because of Executive Order 9066, which initiated the wartime incarceration of Japanese Americans. Marutani was taken to Fresno Assembly Center in the spring of 1942, and three months later was transferred to Tule Lake concentration camp, where he spent an additional three months. At the age of 20, he volunteered for the armed forces but was denied because of his Japanese ancestry. However, in 1944, he was inducted into a military intelligence school and later sent to Japan where he served in the Counter Intelligence Corps. In 1953, Marutani graduated from the University of Chicago Law School and joined the firm of MacCoy, Evans, and Lewis. He provided legal counsel for the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) and presented arguments in Loving v. Virginia, the ruling that struck down anti-miscegenation laws. In 1981, President Jimmy Carter appointed Marutani to the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC). This commission was created to investigate the incarceration of Japanese Americans and reparations for that action. Marutani was the only Japanese American to serve on the Commission. Based on his recommendations, Congress issued a payment with an apology to those affected. Marutani accepted the apology from President George Bush but refused the payment. Marutani passed away on November 15, 2004, at the age of 81.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center by Marutani's widow, Victoria Marutani, in 2005.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Concentration camps -- 1942-1945 -- United States  Search this
Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence -- 1950-2000
Photographs -- 20th century
Awards
Legal documents -- 1940-2000
Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0890
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0890
Online Media:

Subseries 1.1: Correspondence

Collection Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1980-1984
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
William M. Marutani Papers / Series 1: Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0890-ref515

"Wartime Commission"—Correspondence Vol. 1

Collection Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1-4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
January 1981- May 1983
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
William M. Marutani Papers / Series 1: Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0890-ref516

"Wartime Commission"—Correspondence Vol. 2

Collection Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 5-6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
December 1980- June 1983
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
William M. Marutani Papers / Series 1: Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0890-ref517

"Wartime Commission"—Correspondence Vol. 3

Collection Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1982
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
William M. Marutani Papers / Series 1: Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0890-ref518

"Wartime Commission"—Correspondence Vol. 3

Collection Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1982
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
William M. Marutani Papers / Series 1: Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0890-ref519

"Wartime Commission"—Correspondence Vol. 4

Collection Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
July 1983
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
William M. Marutani Papers / Series 1: Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0890-ref520

"Wartime Commission"—Correspondence and Misc. Documents

Collection Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1980-1984
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
William M. Marutani Papers / Series 1: Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0890-ref521

Subseries 1.2: Reference Materials

Collection Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1942-1990
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
William M. Marutani Papers / Series 1: Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0890-ref522

CWRIC History and Summary

Collection Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 4-5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1980-1982
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
William M. Marutani Papers / Series 1: Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0890-ref523

CWRIC Index, Transcript of Hearings

Collection Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
July 14, 1981- December 9, 1981
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
William M. Marutani Papers / Series 1: Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0890-ref524

Karl Bendetsen Telephone Conversation

Collection Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1942, 1982
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
William M. Marutani Papers / Series 1: Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0890-ref525

McCloy and Bendetsen, regarding 1943 testimony

Collection Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1982
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
William M. Marutani Papers / Series 1: Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0890-ref526

CWRIC Reference, including a copy of "The Lost Years" by Sue Embrey and the Testimony of Major Shirly

Collection Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1983
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
William M. Marutani Papers / Series 1: Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0890-ref527

CWRIC Miscellaneous

Collection Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1944, 1973, 1983
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
William M. Marutani Papers / Series 1: Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0890-ref528

Key Kobayashi, Senryu Poem and letter to CWRIC

Collection Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1983
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
William M. Marutani Papers / Series 1: Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0890-ref529

LIM Report, a research report prepared for the Presidential Select Committee on JACL (Japanese American Citizens League)

Collection Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1990
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
William M. Marutani Papers / Series 1: Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0890-ref530

Photograph of Tule Lake

Collection Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1942
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
William M. Marutani Papers / Series 2: William M. Marutani Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0890-ref532

Army Records

Collection Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1943-1953
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
William M. Marutani Papers / Series 2: William M. Marutani Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0890-ref533

Tribute to Japanese American Military Service in World War II, Arlington Cemetery

Collection Donor:
Marutani, Victoria  Search this
Collection Creator:
Marutani, William M.  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1963
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
William M. Marutani Papers, 1942-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William M. Marutani Papers
William M. Marutani Papers / Series 2: William M. Marutani Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0890-ref534

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