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Thurgood Marshall [cellulose acetate photonegative]

Photographer:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Names:
Courts and Racial Integration in Education (1952)  Search this
Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993  Search this
Subseries Creator:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Container:
Box 85
Culture:
African Americans -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.) -- African Americans
Date:
[ca. 1952]
Scope and Contents:
Thurgood Marshall speaking to someone off-camera. He is wearing name badge that reads "The Courts and Racial Integration in Education." Trees in background. No edge imprint. Notation in lower right-hand corner reads "P 30" (no ink on negative).
General:
At least one "The Courts and Racial Integration in Education" conference was held in 1952. See "The Journal of Negro Education," Summer 1955, for more information.
Subseries Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Subseries Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American judges  Search this
African American lawyers -- 1950-1960  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film
Subseries Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives / 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-01-ref2734
Online Media:

Benjamin Layton collection

Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Names:
Agnew, Spiro T., 1918-1996  Search this
Ford, Gerald R., 1913-2006  Search this
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993  Search this
Nixon, Pat, 1912-1993  Search this
Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994  Search this
Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979  Search this
Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915  Search this
Wright, Richard, 1908-1960  Search this
Extent:
3.45 Linear feet (5 boxes; 1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Cartes-de-visite
Postage stamps
Programs
Tintypes
Correspondence
Newsletters
Cabinet photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Portraits
Photographic prints
Pamphlets
Photographs
Etchings
Copy prints
Date:
circa 1865-1977
Summary:
The Benjamin Layton collection documents the life, family history, and interests of Benjamin T. Layton. Items date from circa 1865 to 1977. The collection measures 3.45 linear feet and is composed of newsletters, clippings, pamphlets, newspapers, correspondence, certificates, photographs, memorabilia, books, stamps, etchings, and programs.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the life, family history, and collecting interests of World War II veteran and federal employee Benjamin T. Layton. Layton grew up in Virginia and settled in Kensington, Maryland. Notable aspects of the collection include nineteenth-century photographs of African Americans, photographs of Layton's family, 1970s political photographs, and first editions of Richard Wright's Black Boy and Booker T. Washington's Up from Slavery and Working with the Hands. Family photographs and memorabilia reflects the family's roots in Virginia and the Washington, D.C., area. Layton's historical photograph collection draws from photographers in the Mid-Atlantic and New England.

Items date from circa 1865 to 1977. The collection measures 3.45 linear feet and is composed of newsletters, clippings, pamphlets, newspapers, correspondence, certificates, photographs, memorabilia, books, stamps, etchings, and programs. It has been arranged in three series: Series I: Biographical Files, 1913-1977, Series II: Photographs, circa 1865-1977, and Series III: Printed Material, 1901-circa 1976. Some items in Series II and Series III are oversized.
Biographical / Historical:
Benjamin Thomas Layton was born on December 24, 1917, in Hanover, Virginia, to a prominent Virginia family. His maternal great-grandfather, Ballard Trent Edwards, was a freeborn African American man who opened a school for formerly enslaved people and served for eight years in the Virginia House of Delegates. His father, William Brown Layton, was the superintendent of the Negro Reformatory of Virginia (later the Virginia Manual Labor School), a reform school for African American boys located in Hanover County.

Layton was an athlete and scholar, playing varsity tennis and attending Virginia Union University in Richmond, Virginia. He did graduate work in social sciences at the University of Chicago and Howard University, but his studies were interrupted by the draft in 1941.

Layton served with distinction in the U.S. Army during World War II, leading truck convoys carrying soldiers, supplies, weapons, and prisoners of war during the Battle of the Bulge. He also worked in military intelligence. His last active duty assignment was commanding a military detachment in Baumholder, Germany. His decorations included the Bronze Star, which he was awarded in 1977. He attained the rank of lieutenant colonel before retiring from the Army in 1963.

From 1963 to 1966 he worked in Europe, then returned to the United States in 1966, where he was an ROTC instructor at Chamberlain Vocational High School in Washington, D.C. He left in 1967 to become an equal-opportunity specialist at the United States Department of Agriculture, from which he retired in 1985. His brother William W. Layton also lived and worked in the Washington, D.C., area.

Layton had a passion for collecting and donated coins, paper money, and military artifacts to the Smithsonian National Museum of American History. He also donated objects relating to clubs and fraternities to the Anacostia Community Museum. He was a member of numerous organizations, including the Retired Officers Association, the Reserve Officers Association of the United States, the American Legion, the Prince Hall Masons, the Kiwanis Club of Wheaton, and the Federation Nationale des Anciens Combattants, a French veterans group.

Layton was married twice, his first marriage to Irma Goode ending in divorce. He lived in Kensington, Maryland, with his second wife Marguerite, with whom he had two daughters. He died on February 15, 2001, at age 83 and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
Related Materials:
The Anacostia Community Museum houses more items in the Benjamin Layton Collection, including buttons, fraternity paddles, lapel pins, and medals.

Order to Report for Induction, 1941. 1993.3172.04. The Price of Freedom: Americans at War, National Museum of American History.

Notice to Appear for Physical Exam, 1940. 1993.3172.03. The Price of Freedom: Americans at War, National Museum of American History.

Layton Family Collection, 228 THL, Stewart Bell Jr. Archives, Handley Regional Library, Winchester, VA, USA.
Provenance:
The Benjamin Layton collection was donated to the Anacostia Community Museum in two accretions in 1976 and 1978 by Benjamin Layton.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (U.S.)  Search this
African American newspapers  Search this
African American veterans  Search this
African American soldiers  Search this
Bronze Star Medal (U.S.)  Search this
African American families  Search this
Politicians -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cartes-de-visite
Postage stamps
Programs
Tintypes
Correspondence
Newsletters
Cabinet photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Portraits
Photographic prints
Pamphlets
Photographs
Etchings
Copy prints
Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-031
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-031
Online Media:

Portraits in Black Narration and Music

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
Names:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
Howard University  Search this
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People  Search this
United Nations  Search this
Barthé, Richmond, 1901-1989  Search this
Bethune, Mary McLeod, 1875-1955  Search this
Bunche, Ralph J. (Ralph Johnson), 1904-1971  Search this
Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963  Search this
Hastie, William, 1904-1976  Search this
Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938  Search this
Johnson, Mordecai W. (Mordecai Wyatt), 1890-1976  Search this
Louis, Joe, 1914-1981  Search this
Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993  Search this
Randolph, A. Philip (Asa Philip), 1889-1979  Search this
Robeson, Paul, 1898-1976  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Traveling Exhibition Service  Search this
Extent:
2 Sound recordings (open reel, 1/4 inch)
Culture:
African American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Narration
Music
Place:
Anacostia (Washington, D.C.)
Washington (D.C.)
United States
Date:
circa 1983
Scope and Contents:
Narrator presents short historical and biographical profiles of outstanding Americans of negro origin: W.E.B. Du Bois, A. Philip Randolph, Ralph Johnson Bunche, Thurgood Marshall, William Henry Hastie, Mordecai Wyatt Johnson, Mary McLeod Bethune, Joe Louis, James Weldon Johnson, Richmond Barthe, and Paul Robeson. Quotes written by these outstandings Americans and read by narrator are included. Music played between biographical profiles.
Narration and music. Part of Portraits in Black: Outstanding Americans of Negro Origin Audiovisual Records. AV003484 and AV003508: same content but AV003484 has beeps throughout recording. Undated.
Biographical / Historical:
The exhibition, Portraits in Black: Outstanding Americans of Negro Origin, displayed 36 portraits--27 oil paintings and 9 color photo reproductions--selected from the Harmon Foundation collection, on loan from the National Portrait Gallery, as well as biographical information and memorabilia. The exhibition was on view at the Anacostia Community Museum from April 17, 1983 - August 21, 1983. Likenesses of blacks who made significant contributions in the fields of civil rights, law, education, medicine, the military, and the arts were on display. Included were Marian Anderson, Joe Louis, W.E.B. Du Bois, Thurgood Marshall, George Washington Carver, Charles Drew, William Ayres Campbell, and Richmond Barthe.
Local Numbers:
ACMA AV003508-1

ACMA AV003508-2
Series Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Some items are not accessible due to obsolete format and playback machinery restrictions. Please contact the archivist at acmarchives@si.edu.
Occupation:
Lawyers  Search this
Artists  Search this
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
African American women  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Civil rights movements  Search this
Civil rights leaders  Search this
African American diplomats  Search this
Diplomats  Search this
African American educators  Search this
Educators  Search this
African American lawyers  Search this
African American clergy  Search this
Clergy  Search this
African American authors  Search this
Authors  Search this
African Americans in the performing arts  Search this
African American artists  Search this
African American athletes  Search this
Athletes  Search this
Armed Forces  Search this
African American soldiers  Search this
Soldiers  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Education  Search this
Blacks -- History  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Narration
Music
Citation:
Portraits in Black Narration and Music, Exhibition Records AV03-002, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
ACMA.03-002, Item ACMA AV003484
See more items in:
Portraits in Black: Outstanding Americans of Negro Origin exhibition records
Portraits in Black: Outstanding Americans of Negro Origin exhibition records / Portraits in Black: Outstanding Negroes of American Origin audiovisual records
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-03-002-ref2

Portraits in Black: Slide Show Narration

Creator:
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
National Portrait Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
Names:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
Barthé, Richmond, 1901-1989  Search this
Bethune, Mary McLeod, 1875-1955  Search this
Bunche, Ralph J. (Ralph Johnson), 1904-1971  Search this
Drew, Charles Richard, 1904-1950  Search this
Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963  Search this
Hastie, William, 1904-1976  Search this
Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938  Search this
Louis, Joe, 1914-1981  Search this
Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993  Search this
Randolph, A. Philip (Asa Philip), 1889-1979  Search this
Robeson, Paul, 1898-1976  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Traveling Exhibition Service  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (open reel, 1/4 inch)
Culture:
African American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Narration
Place:
Anacostia (Washington, D.C.)
Washington (D.C.)
United States
Date:
1983
Scope and Contents:
Narration for the two slide shows which complimented the exhibition, Portraits in Black: Outstanding Americans of Negro Origin. Narrator repeats quotes from the words of W.E.B. Du Bois, A. Philip Randolph, Ralph Johnson Bunche, Thurgood Marshall, William Henry Hastie, Charles Richard Drew, James Weldon Johnson, Mary McLeod Bethune, Joe Louis, Richard Barthe, and Paul Leroy Robeson.
Narration. Part of Part of Portraits in Black: Outstanding Americans of Negro Origin Audiovisual Records. Dated 19830324.
Biographical / Historical:
The exhibition, Portraits in Black: Outstanding Americans of Negro Origin, presented 36 portraits selected from the Harmon Foundation collection, on loan from the National Portrait Gallery, as well as biographical information and memorabilia. The portraits depicted likenesses of blacks who made significant contributions in the fields of civil rights, law, education, medicine, the military, and the arts. Portrait subjects included Marian Anderson, Joe Louis, W.E.B. Du Bois, Thurgood Marshall, George Washington Carver, Charles Drew, William Ayres Campbell, and Richard Barthe. The exhibition was on display from April 17, 1983 - August 21, 1983 at the Anacostia Neighborhood Museum.
Series Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Some items are not accessible due to obsolete format and playback machinery restrictions. Please contact the archivist at acmarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Blacks -- History  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Narration
Citation:
Portraits in Black: Slide Show Narration, Exhibition Records AV03-002, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
ACMA.03-002, Item ACMA AV003301
See more items in:
Portraits in Black: Outstanding Americans of Negro Origin exhibition records
Portraits in Black: Outstanding Americans of Negro Origin exhibition records / Portraits in Black: Outstanding Negroes of American Origin audiovisual records
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-03-002-ref3

Thurgood Marshall : his speeches, writings, arguments, opinions, and reminiscences / edited by Mark V. Tushnet ; foreword by Randall Kennedy

Author:
Marshall, Thurgood 1908-1993  Search this
Tushnet, Mark V. 1945-  Search this
Subject:
Marshall, Thurgood 1908-1993  Search this
United States Supreme Court  Search this
Physical description:
xxvi, 548 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2001
C2001
Topic:
Judges  Search this
Call number:
CT275.M365 A1 2001
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_625961

Making civil rights law : Thurgood Marshall and the Supreme Court, 1936-1961 / Mark V. Tushnet

Author:
Tushnet, Mark V. 1945-  Search this
Subject:
Marshall, Thurgood 1908-1993  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 399 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1994
Topic:
Civil rights--History  Search this
Judges  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_526710

Making constitutional law : Thurgood Marshall and the Supreme Court, 1961-1991 / Mark V. Tushnet

Author:
Tushnet, Mark V. 1945-  Search this
Subject:
Marshall, Thurgood 1908-1993  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 246 p. ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1997
Topic:
Judges  Search this
Constitutional law  Search this
Civil rights--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_528323

Thurgood Marshall : American revolutionary / Juan Williams

Author:
Williams, Juan  Search this
Subject:
Marshall, Thurgood 1908-1993  Search this
United States Supreme Court  Search this
Physical description:
xviii, 459 p., [16] p. of plates : ill., ports. ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1998
C1998
Topic:
Judges  Search this
Civil rights workers  Search this
Call number:
CT275.M365 W5 1998
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_550002

The picture life of Thurgood Marshall, by Margaret B. Young

Author:
Young, Margaret B  Search this
Subject:
Marshall, Thurgood 1908-1993  Search this
United States Supreme Court  Search this
Physical description:
46 p. illus., ports. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Biography
Date:
1971
[1971]
Call number:
KF8745.M34Y6X 1971
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_421223

Thurgood Marshall : justice for all / Roger Goldman with David Gallen

Author:
Goldman, Roger L  Search this
Marshall, Thurgood 1908-1993  Search this
Gallen, David  Search this
Subject:
Marshall, Thurgood 1908-1993  Search this
Physical description:
509 p. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1992
Topic:
Judicial opinions  Search this
Call number:
CT275.M365 G62 1992
CT275.M365G62 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_439806

Thurgood Marshall : warrior at the bar, rebel on the bench / Michael D. Davis and Hunter R. Clark

Author:
Davis, Michael D. 1939-  Search this
Clark, Hunter R  Search this
Subject:
Marshall, Thurgood 1908-1993  Search this
United States Supreme Court  Search this
Physical description:
x, 400 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1992
C1992
Topic:
Judges  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Call number:
CT275.M365 D2 1992
CT275.M365D2 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_447876

Showdown : Thurgood Marshall and the Supreme Court nomination that changed America / Wil Haygood

Title:
Thurgood Marshall and the Supreme Court nomination that changed America
Author:
Haygood, Wil  Search this
Subject:
Marshall, Thurgood 1908-1993  Search this
United States Supreme Court Officials and employees Selection and appointment History  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 404 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Biography
Biographies
Place:
United States
Date:
2015
20th century
Topic:
Judges--Selection and appointment--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1078097

Exporting American dreams : Thurgood Marshall's African journey / Mary L. Dudziak

Author:
Dudziak, Mary L. 1956-  Search this
Subject:
Marshall, Thurgood 1908-1993  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 257 p. : ill., map ; 24 cm
Type:
Sources
Biography
Place:
Kenya
United States
Date:
2008
To 1963
Topic:
Civil rights--History  Search this
Constitutional history  Search this
Judges  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_900999

Marshalling justice : the early civil rights letters of Thurgood Marshall / edited by Michael G. Long ; foreword by Derrick Bell

Author:
Marshall, Thurgood 1908-1993  Search this
Long, Michael G  Search this
Subject:
Marshall, Thurgood 1908-1993  Search this
Physical description:
xxx, 412 p., [8] p. of plates : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Correspondence
Place:
United States
Date:
2011
C2011
20th century
Topic:
African American lawyers  Search this
Race discrimination--Law and legislation  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights  Search this
Civil rights movements  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_966097

Devil in the grove : Thurgood Marshall, the Groveland Boys, and the dawn of a new America / Gilbert King

Author:
King, Gilbert  Search this
Subject:
Marshall, Thurgood 1908-1993  Search this
Physical description:
x, 434 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Florida
Groveland
Date:
2012
C2012
20th century
Topic:
Groveland Four Trial, Groveland, Fla., 1949-1952  Search this
Trials (Rape)--History  Search this
Discrimination in criminal justice administration--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_989675

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