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Major General Leslie R. Groves (seated) with his assistant Brigadier General Thomas F. Farrell

Creator:
Westcott, J. E  Search this
Subject:
Groves, Leslie R. 1896-1970  Search this
Farrell, Thomas F (Thomas Francis) 1891-1967  Search this
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
United States Army Corps of Engineers Manhattan District  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Topic:
Atomic bomb  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-2123]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Not Evaluated
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_384502

Sir James Chadwick (left), Major General Leslie R. Groves (center), and Dr. Richard Chace Tolman (right)

Subject:
Chadwick, James 1891-1974  Search this
Groves, Leslie R. 1896-1970  Search this
Tolman, Richard C (Richard Chace) 1881-1948  Search this
United States Army Corps of Engineers Manhattan District  Search this
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
California Institute of Technology  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1945
Topic:
Physics  Search this
Chemistry, Physical and theoretical  Search this
Mathematical physics  Search this
Atomic bomb  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-2124]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Not Evaluated
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_384503

Composite photograph of Richard Chace Tolman and Major General Leslie R. Groves

Subject:
Tolman, Richard C (Richard Chace) 1881-1948  Search this
Groves, Leslie R. 1896-1970  Search this
California Institute of Technology  Search this
United States Army Corps of Engineers Manhattan District  Search this
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Science Service  Search this
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Topic:
Physics  Search this
Chemistry, Physical and theoretical  Search this
Mathematical physics  Search this
Atomic bomb  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-2125]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Not Evaluated
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_384505

Menelaos Dimitri Hassialis (d. 1995)

Subject:
Hassialis, Menelaos Dimitri -1995  Search this
Henry Krumb School of Mines  Search this
Columbia University  Search this
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1965
05/17/1965
Topic:
Mining engineering  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-3562]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Not Evaluated
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_393486

Lauchlin M. Currie (1897-1983)

Subject:
Currie, L. M (Lauchlin MacLaurin) 1897-  Search this
Babcock & Wilcock  Search this
Union Carbide Nuclear Company  Search this
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Topic:
Nuclear energy  Search this
Physics  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-0754]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Not Evaluated
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_296600

Frederic de Hoffmann (1924-1989)

Subject:
De Hoffmann, Frederic 1924-1989  Search this
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
Salk Institute for Biological Studies  Search this
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
5-21-1970
Topic:
Physics  Search this
Nuclear physics  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-0957]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Not Evaluated
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_296721

Margaret D. Foster (1895-1970)

Subject:
Foster, Margaret D (Margaret Dorothy) b. 1895  Search this
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1919
Topic:
Women scientists  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU007421 [SIA2010-0474]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Not Evaluated
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_287607

Norris E. Bradbury (1909-1997)

Subject:
Bradbury, Norris 1909-1997  Search this
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory  Search this
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
July 1950
Topic:
Nuclear physics  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2007-0332]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Not Evaluated
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_290376

The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection

Creator::
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
29 videotapes (Reference copies). 75 digital .wmv files and .rm files (Reference copies).
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Videotapes
Transcripts
Place:
Trinity Test Site (N.M.)
Hiroshima-shi (Japan) -- History -- Bombardment, 1945
Nagasaki (Japan)
Nagasaki-shi (Japan) -- History -- Bombardment, 1945
Date:
1987-1990
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Videohistory Program, funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation from 1986 until 1992, used video in historical research. Additional collections have been added since the grant project ended. Videohistory uses the video camera as a historical research tool to record moving visual information. Video works best in historical research when recording people at work in environments, explaining artifacts, demonstrating process, or in group discussion. The experimental program recorded projects that reflected the Institution's concern with the conduct of contemporary science and technology.

Smithsonian historians participated in the program to document visual aspects of their on-going historical research. Projects covered topics in the physical and biological sciences as well as in technological design and manufacture. To capture site, process, and interaction most effectively, projects were taped in offices, factories, quarries, laboratories, observatories, and museums. Resulting footage was duplicated, transcribed, and deposited in the Smithsonian Institution Archives for scholarship, education, and exhibition. The collection is open to qualified researchers.
Descriptive Entry:
Stanley Goldberg, consulting historian for the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History (NMAH), recorded eighteen video sessions with fifty-five participants involved in the engineering, physics, and culmination of the Manhattan Project. Goldberg examined the research and technologies necessary to realize the uranium and plutonium bombs. He supplemented interviews with visual documentation of the industrial plants that refined and separated the isotopes, and of the machinery that delivered and dropped the bombs. Interviewees explained the other steps of designing, building, testing and detonating an atomic bomb. Discussions with participants also elicited a social history of the Project as recalled by various men and women responsible for different duties in different locales. Between January 1987 and June 1990 the sessions were recorded on-site or in-studio in Hanford, Washington; Boston, Massachusetts; Oak Ridge and Louisville, Tennessee; Alamogordo and Los Alamos, New Mexico; Washington, D.C.; and Suitland, Maryland. The sessions are divided into five series: Hanford, Oak Ridge, Cambridge, Los Alamos, and Alberta.

This collection consists of eighteen interview sessions, separated into five series, totaling approximately 47:00 hours of recordings, and 1188 pages of transcript.

Please note that Sessions 14 and 15 in Series Four are comprised of dual sets of tape from two cameras positioned at different angles.
Historical Note:
The United States government began underwriting investigations of the feasibility of atomic weapons in October 1941. Within a year, promising research at several universities, particularly at the Metallurgical Laboratory of the University of Chicago, showed that it was possible to produce atomic bombs based on the chain-reacting fission of uranium 235 isotope or of plutonium. This led to the reorganization of the Manhattan District, or "Project," of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to make these bombs a reality. Brigadier General Leslie R. Groves directed and coordinated the Project from 1942 to 1945, spending 2.3 billion dollars on nuclear reactors and chemical separation plants at Hanford, Washington, and Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and on the weapon research and design laboratory at Los Alamos, New Mexico. The first plutonium bomb was successfully detonated at Alamogordo, New Mexico, on July 16, 1945. The B-29 bomber Enola Gay exploded the first uranium bomb, "Little Boy," over Hiroshima, Japan, on August 6, 1945; the B-29 Bock's Car exploded the second plutonium bomb, "Fat Man," over Nagasaki, Japan, two days later.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Atomic bomb  Search this
Women -- History  Search this
Science -- History  Search this
Technology -- History  Search this
Military history  Search this
Physics  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Videotapes
Transcripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9531, The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
Identifier:
Record Unit 9531
See more items in:
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9531

Interviews

Collection Creator::
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9531, The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
See more items in:
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection / Series 3: Cambridge
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9531-refidd1e1026

Session 9: December 1, 1987

Collection Creator::
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9531, The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
See more items in:
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection / Series 3: Cambridge / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9531-refidd1e1033

At the Audvid Film and Tape Productions studio, Boston, Massachusetts, featured Bainbridge, Hornig, Morrison, and Wilson on preparations for and execution of the Trinity test at Alamogordo, c. 1944-1945, including: working groups at Los Alamos; instrum...

Collection Creator::
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9531, The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
See more items in:
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection / Series 3: Cambridge / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9531-refidd1e1048

Transcript, pp. 1-95, of videotape recording, 3 hours.

Collection Creator::
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9531, The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
See more items in:
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection / Series 3: Cambridge / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9531-refidd1e1059

Video Recording of Interview: Total Recording Time: 3 hours

Collection Creator::
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9531, The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
See more items in:
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection / Series 3: Cambridge / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9531-refidd1e1070

Session 10: December 1, 1987

Collection Creator::
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9531, The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
See more items in:
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection / Series 3: Cambridge / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9531-refidd1e1096

At the Audvid Film and Tape Productions studio, featured French, Frisch, Serber, and Wilson on the organization of Los Alamos and the scientific activities there, c. 1943-1945, including: rationale for forming the Laboratory and considerations for site...

Collection Creator::
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9531, The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
See more items in:
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection / Series 3: Cambridge / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9531-refidd1e1111

Transcript, pp. 1-79, of videotape recording, 3 hours.

Collection Creator::
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9531, The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
See more items in:
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection / Series 3: Cambridge / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9531-refidd1e1122

Video Recording of Interview: Total Recording Time: 3 hours

Collection Creator::
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9531, The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
See more items in:
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection / Series 3: Cambridge / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9531-refidd1e1133

Session 11: December 2, 1987

Collection Creator::
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9531, The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
See more items in:
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection / Series 3: Cambridge / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9531-refidd1e1158

At the Audvid Film and Tape Productions studios, featured Hornig, Frisch, Smith, and Wilson on the roles of women in both the domestic and scientific life of Los Alamos, c. 1943-1946, including: homemaking facilities and child care arrangements; social...

Collection Creator::
Manhattan Project (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9531, The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
See more items in:
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection
The Manhattan Project Videohistory Collection / Series 3: Cambridge / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9531-refidd1e1173

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