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Frederick John Pratson photographs for "Land of the Four Directions"

Photographer:
Pratson, Frederick John  Search this
Names:
Barlow, Peter, Chief  Search this
Extent:
23 Photographic prints
1 Contact sheet
Culture:
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Contact sheets
Place:
Maine
New Brunswick (Canada)
Date:
circa 1970
Summary:
This collection contains 23 photographic prints and one contact sheet (36 images) made by Frederick John Pratson for his book Land of the Four Directions, published in 1970. Photographs include images of Passamaquoddy community members in Indian Township, Maine as well as Maliseet community members of the Tobique First Nation and Mi'kmaq community members of Big Cove and Indian Island in New Brunswick, Canada.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes one contact sheet with 36 images and 23 photographic prints of varying sizes made for Frederick John Pratson's 1970 publication Land of the Four Directions. The images on the contact sheet were most likely shot on the Mi'kmaq First Nation on Indian Island in Kent County, New Brunswick, Canada. These include portraits of Mi'kmaq Chief Peter Barrow, along with several other unidentified men. A handful of these images include Pratson himself.

A large number of the photographic prints (silver gelatin) were shot in the late 1960s among the Passamaquoddy community in Maine and were identified in 2010 by Donald G. Soctomah, Historic Preservation Officer of the Passamaquoddy Tribe. Many of the photographs include images of children, many from the Dana family, going about their daily lives. The rest of the prints are listed as being photographed among Maliseet community members of the Tobique First Nation in New Brunswick, Canada and also include a large number of portraits of children, many of them still unidentified.
Contact sheet catalog numbers: P25886-P25922; Photographic Print catalog numbers: P25923-P25945, P37586-P37588
Arrangement:
Arranged in six folders by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
Born October 4, 1935 in Hartford Connecticut to John and Catherine Pratson, Frederick John Pratson was a historian and travel guide writer. After graduating from Boston College in 1957, he wrote for the travel section of the Boston Globe in addition to publishing a number of guidebooks which covered Canada and parts of the United States. In 1970, Pratson published Land of the Four Directions based on travels, photography and interviews among Passamaquoddy community members in Indian Township, Maine as well as Maliseet community members of the Tobique First Nation and Mi'kmaq community members of Big Cove and Indian Island in New Brunswick, Canada.

Pratson later returned to Indian Island Reservation in New Brunswick to interview Mi'kmaq (Micmac) Chief Peter Barlow in 1972. He also conducted interviews with William Jalbert, a lumberjack in Round Pond, Maine and with a group of Fisherman in East Dover, Nova Scotia. These interviews, done under the sponsorship of the New England-Atlantic Provinces-Quebec Center at the University of Maine (Orono) are now held in the Northeast Archives of Folklore and Oral History at the University of Maine.

Pratson died in December 1989, leaving a wife, four sons and two daughters.
Related Materials:
MF 042 Frederick Pratson Collection located at the Northeast Archives of Folklore and Oral History, University of Maine.
Provenance:
Gift Frederick John Pratson, circa 1985.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frederick John Pratson photographs from Land of the Four Directions, image #, NMAI.AC.341; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.341
See more items in:
Frederick John Pratson photographs for "Land of the Four Directions"
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv48707aea5-78f0-4896-9d31-13daf58e22a6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-341
Online Media:

Portrait of two smiling girls

Collection Photographer:
Pratson, Frederick John  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 4
Culture:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1970
Scope and Contents:
Indoor portrait of two young girls, possibly Maliseet (Malecite), in cotton print dresses smiling at each other. Either shot in Maine or New Brunswick, Canada.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frederick John Pratson photographs from Land of the Four Directions, image #, NMAI.AC.341; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.341, Item P25932
See more items in:
Frederick John Pratson photographs for "Land of the Four Directions"
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4706c7370-9790-4e28-86f5-96ba06bf729d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-341-ref11

Young boy watching television

Collection Photographer:
Pratson, Frederick John  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 3
Culture:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1970
Scope and Contents:
Indoor portrait of a young boy, possibly Maliseet (Malecite), seated while watching television in a home. Either shot in Maine or New Brunswick, Canada.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frederick John Pratson photographs from Land of the Four Directions, image #, NMAI.AC.341; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.341, Item P25927
See more items in:
Frederick John Pratson photographs for "Land of the Four Directions"
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv44766ad7e-a3cd-41e1-98a9-c2299ce837d0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-341-ref6

Two children running outside

Collection Photographer:
Pratson, Frederick John  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 3
Culture:
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1970
Scope and Contents:
Outdoor view from behind of two children running, arm-in-arm, across snow-covered grassy area, with three dwellings in background. The children are possibly Passamaquoddy, photographed in Indian Township or Pleasant Point Reservation (Sipayik), Maine, though it is also possible this photograph was shot on the Maliseet (Malecite) Tobique Reserve in Canada.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frederick John Pratson photographs from Land of the Four Directions, image #, NMAI.AC.341; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.341, Item P25928
See more items in:
Frederick John Pratson photographs for "Land of the Four Directions"
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv46b360741-b016-4e80-9bce-e2c9442a45cf
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-341-ref7

Basket with cover

Culture/People:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Object Name:
Basket with cover
Media/Materials:
Rush/rushes
Techniques:
Wicker-plaited
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Maine, New Brunswick; USA, Canada (inferred)
Catalog Number:
6/7590
Barcode:
067590.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c7467324-7abc-4390-81c2-673b84464eb0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_72954
Online Media:

Basket bowl

Culture/People:
probably Maliseet (Malecite) (attributed)  Search this
Object Name:
Basket bowl
Media/Materials:
Woodsplints, wood
Techniques:
Plaited, wicker-plaited, fancy plaited weave
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Maine; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
6/7595
Barcode:
067595.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws660c085fa-3862-4007-b0d2-ce0809ccc49e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_72959
Online Media:

Basket with cover

Culture/People:
possibly Maliseet (Malecite) (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
Mrs. George E. Post, Non-Indian  Search this
Donor:
Mrs. George E. Post, Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Basket with cover
Media/Materials:
Rush/rushes
Techniques:
Wicker-plaited
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Maine, New Brunswick; USA, Canada (inferred)
Catalog Number:
6/7596
Barcode:
067596.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws66bab4153-27b4-4460-9048-892303459a2f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_72960
Online Media:

Snowshoes

Culture/People:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Snowshoes
Media/Materials:
Wood, hide
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Transportation Items
Place:
Saint Mary's Reserve; York County; New Brunswick; Canada
Catalog Number:
2/8178
Barcode:
028178.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Transportation Items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws69f830afe-fcbc-476c-86ce-1fe68cd72f55
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_30163
Online Media:

Snowshoes (child's)

Culture/People:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Snowshoes (child's)
Media/Materials:
Wood, hide
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Transportation Items
Place:
Saint Mary's Reserve; York County; New Brunswick; Canada
Catalog Number:
2/8179
Barcode:
028179.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Transportation Items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws660271e35-17ba-4c4d-8e0a-f15ba63d1a53
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_30164
Online Media:

Splint gauge

Culture/People:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Splint gauge
Media/Materials:
Wood, metal
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Basketmaking and fiber-working tools
Place:
Saint Mary's Reserve; York County; New Brunswick; Canada
Catalog Number:
2/8180
Barcode:
028180.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Basketmaking and fiber-working tools
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68c476f7b-1c07-44ed-b423-5cf9eeab3761
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_30165
Online Media:

Splint gauge

Culture/People:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Splint gauge
Media/Materials:
Wood, metal, metal nails
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Basketmaking and fiber-working tools
Place:
Saint Mary's Reserve; York County; New Brunswick; Canada
Catalog Number:
2/8181
Barcode:
028181.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Basketmaking and fiber-working tools
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws63463bd02-2c52-4bbb-b6e3-a15df6625334
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_30166
Online Media:

Burden basket/Pack basket

Culture/People:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Burden basket/Pack basket
Media/Materials:
Woodsplints, wood
Techniques:
Plaited, wicker-plaited
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Saint Mary's Reserve; York County; New Brunswick; Canada
Catalog Number:
2/8182
Barcode:
028182.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6fc06f902-19c7-447e-8e90-36f8482bc200
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_30167
Online Media:

Box with cover

Culture/People:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Box with cover
Media/Materials:
Birchbark
Techniques:
Etched
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Saint Mary's Reserve; York County; New Brunswick; Canada
Catalog Number:
2/8183
Barcode:
028183.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6cb7838c4-e94a-46b8-937a-c269e9d4e093
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_30168
Online Media:

Game call

Culture/People:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Game call
Media/Materials:
Birchbark
Techniques:
Rolled, stitched
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Saint Mary's Reserve; York County; New Brunswick; Canada
Catalog Number:
2/8184
Barcode:
028184.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e546c1f6-9b87-429b-b7db-cca5213d3911
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_30169
Online Media:

Moccasins

Culture/People:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Moccasins
Media/Materials:
Hide, satin, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Sewn, overlay beadwork, lazy/lane stitch beadwork
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Place:
Saint Mary's Reserve; York County; New Brunswick; Canada
Date created:
1890-1910
Catalog Number:
2/8185
Barcode:
028185.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws69fe10d04-5299-43ee-96e3-c1f155034a50
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_30170
Online Media:

Matchholder/wallpocket

Culture/People:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Matchholder/wallpocket
Media/Materials:
Wool cloth, cotton cloth, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Sewn, overlay beadwork, edge beaded, strung
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Saint Mary's Reserve; York County; New Brunswick; Canada
Catalog Number:
2/8186
Barcode:
028186.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c90bb9be-4dac-4fd6-9846-730cda5a6ea7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_30171
Online Media:

Boy's coat/jacket

Culture/People:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Boy's coat/jacket
Media/Materials:
Cotton cloth, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Sewn, appliqu├ęd, overlay beadwork, lazy/lane stitch beadwork, fringed
Dimensions:
120 x 58 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Saint Mary's Reserve; York County; New Brunswick; Canada
Date created:
1890-1910
Catalog Number:
2/8188
Barcode:
028188.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws66282ff42-bc41-4c34-b6d5-4cc12b5dffb4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_30173
Online Media:

Moccasins

Culture/People:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Moccasins
Media/Materials:
Moose hide/skin
Techniques:
Embroidered
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Place:
Saint Mary's Reserve; York County; New Brunswick; Canada
Date created:
1890-1910
Catalog Number:
2/8189
Barcode:
028189.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws61b9f9811-983e-4894-98d8-69fac7b81688
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_30174
Online Media:

Knife sheath

Culture/People:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Knife sheath
Media/Materials:
Deerhide/deerskin
Techniques:
Sewn
Object Type:
Personal items
Place:
Saint Mary's Reserve; York County; New Brunswick; Canada
Catalog Number:
2/8190
Barcode:
028190.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Personal items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws626d462d0-102e-488c-9fa3-10c01d2e4a51
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_30175
Online Media:

Choker necklace

Culture/People:
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Choker necklace
Media/Materials:
Shell/shells, hide thong/babiche, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Strung
Dimensions:
2 x 7.5 cm
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Saint Mary's Reserve; York County; New Brunswick; Canada
Catalog Number:
2/8191
Barcode:
028191.000
See related items:
Maliseet (Malecite)
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6dd579299-a3d6-46c2-8162-759000dddf08
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_30176
Online Media:

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