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Dr. William Healey Dall

Artist:
Wilford Seymour Conrow, 14 Jun 1880 - 26 Nov 1957  Search this
Sitter:
William Healey Dall, 21 Aug 1845 - 27 Mar 1927  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
112cm x 85cm (44 1/8" x 33 7/16"), Accurate
No frame
Type:
Painting
Date:
1920
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Costume\Academic\Cap and gown  Search this
William Healey Dall: Male  Search this
William Healey Dall: Science and Technology\Scientist\Naturalist  Search this
William Healey Dall: Science and Technology\Scientist\Earth Scientist\Paleontologist  Search this
William Healey Dall: Science and Technology\Scientist\Biologist\Zoologist\Malacologist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Whitney Dall
Object number:
NPG.81.97
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm46b81d52b-c2da-43be-b5cc-9a8f5e712910
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.81.97

Isaac Lea

Artist:
Felix F. De Crano, 1842 - 1908  Search this
Sitter:
Isaac Lea, 4 Mar 1792 - 8 Dec 1886  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
61cm x 50.8cm (24" x 20"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1880-1908
Topic:
Isaac Lea: Male  Search this
Isaac Lea: Literature\Writer\Scientific  Search this
Isaac Lea: Science and Technology\Scientist\Naturalist  Search this
Isaac Lea: Communications\Publisher\Book  Search this
Isaac Lea: Science and Technology\Scientist\Biologist\Zoologist\Malacologist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Object number:
1916.5
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm443ea44ab-5275-4b57-9f4d-f0fa197ecef4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1916.5

Isaac Lea

Artist:
Thomas Pollock Anshutz, 1851 - 1912  Search this
Copy after:
Bernard Albrecht Uhle, 1847 - 1930  Search this
Sitter:
Isaac Lea, 4 Mar 1792 - 8 Dec 1886  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
127cm x 108.6cm (50" x 42 3/4"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1911
Topic:
Isaac Lea: Male  Search this
Isaac Lea: Literature\Writer\Scientific  Search this
Isaac Lea: Science and Technology\Scientist\Naturalist  Search this
Isaac Lea: Communications\Publisher\Book  Search this
Isaac Lea: Science and Technology\Scientist\Biologist\Zoologist\Malacologist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: American Philosophical Society
Object number:
58.P.53
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm427f6369f-4c72-4232-b326-55ef0919b5db
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_58.P.53

Isaac Lea

Artist:
Bernard Albrecht Uhle, 1847 - 1930  Search this
Sitter:
Isaac Lea, 4 Mar 1792 - 8 Dec 1886  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
82.3cm x 67.3cm (32 3/8" x 26 1/2"), Sight
Type:
Painting
Date:
1879
Topic:
Isaac Lea: Male  Search this
Isaac Lea: Literature\Writer\Scientific  Search this
Isaac Lea: Science and Technology\Scientist\Naturalist  Search this
Isaac Lea: Communications\Publisher\Book  Search this
Isaac Lea: Science and Technology\Scientist\Biologist\Zoologist\Malacologist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia
Object number:
5 ANSP
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm495713e96-dae3-4a54-b3fc-d549806fb4c7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_5_ANSP

Dr. William Healey Dall

Artist:
Carleton E. Watkins, 11 Nov 1829 - 23 Jun 1916  Search this
Sitter:
William Healey Dall, 21 Aug 1845 - 27 Mar 1927  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 11.7 × 8.9 cm (4 5/8 × 3 1/2")
Sheet: 14.2 × 10.1 cm (5 9/16 × 4")
Mount: 16.6 × 10.9 cm (6 9/16 × 4 5/16")
Mat: 45.7 × 35.6 cm (18 × 14")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\California\San Francisco\San Francisco
Date:
c. 1870
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses\Pince-nez  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Photographic format\Cabinet card  Search this
William Healey Dall: Male  Search this
William Healey Dall: Science and Technology\Scientist\Naturalist  Search this
William Healey Dall: Science and Technology\Scientist\Earth Scientist\Paleontologist  Search this
William Healey Dall: Science and Technology\Scientist\Biologist\Zoologist\Malacologist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
S/NPG.77.65
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4ac23f30e-a97c-487e-8e76-9801e7fb681c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.77.65

Isaac Lea

Artist:
Bernard Albrecht Uhle, 1847 - 1930  Search this
Sitter:
Isaac Lea, 4 Mar 1792 - 8 Dec 1886  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas mounted on wood
Dimensions:
128.5cm x 108cm (50 9/16" x 42 1/2"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1884-1885
Topic:
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Bookcase  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Isaac Lea: Male  Search this
Isaac Lea: Literature\Writer\Scientific  Search this
Isaac Lea: Science and Technology\Scientist\Naturalist  Search this
Isaac Lea: Communications\Publisher\Book  Search this
Isaac Lea: Science and Technology\Scientist\Biologist\Zoologist\Malacologist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; transfer from the Smithsonian American Art Museum; gift of Marjorie Lea Hudson, 1961
Object number:
NPG.66.60
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4fe1a28b2-d1be-483c-9699-42ecf027c964
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.66.60

Memoirs of the life and work of Philip Pearsall Carpenter, chiefly derived from his letters / edited by his brother, Russell Lant Carpenter

Editor:
Carpenter, Russell Lant  Search this
Compiler:
Carpenter, Philip P (Philip Pearsall) 1819-1877  Search this
Subject:
Carpenter, Philip P (Philip Pearsall) 1819-1877  Search this
Physical description:
13, 360 pages. portrait. 12mo
Type:
Biography
Date:
1880
Topic:
Malacologists  Search this
Call number:
QL31.C37 C37 1880
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_255599

Portrait of Theodore Nicholas Gill (1837-1914)

Creator:
Ulke, Henry 1821-1910  Search this
Subject:
Gill, Theodore 1837-1914  Search this
Physical description:
Cartes-de-visite (card photographs); 4 x 2.5
Type:
Photographs
Date:
Between 1865 and 1870
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Scientists  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B27B_019]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_391594
Online Media:

The genus Fusinus in the northwestern Pacific Paul Callomon & Martin Avery Snyder = Hokusei Taiheiyōsan Naganishizoku kairui / Karomon Pōru, M.A. Sunaida

Title:
The genus Fusinus in the northwestern Pacific / Paul Callomon & Martin Avery Snyder = 北西太平洋産ナカニシ属貝類 / 華路門ホール・M.A.スナイタ
Hokusei Taiheiyōsan Naganishizoku kairui
北西太平洋産ナカニシ属貝類
Author:
Callomon, Paul  Search this
Snyder, Martin Avery (Malacologist)  Search this
Physical description:
122 pages illustrations (chiefly color) 26 cm
Type:
Classification
Place:
North Pacific Ocean
Japan
Pacific Northwest
Date:
2019
Topic:
Fusinus  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1111377

Dwight Blaney papers

Creator:
Blaney, Dwight, 1865-1944  Search this
Names:
Benson, Frank Weston, 1862-1951  Search this
Sargent, John Singer, 1856-1925  Search this
Extent:
3.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Works of art
Photographs
Prints
Sketches
Sketchbooks
Date:
circa 1883-1944
circa 1993
bulk circa 1883-1920s
Summary:
The papers of Boston and Ironbound Island, Maine, painter Dwight Blaney measure 3.3 linear feet and date from circa 1883-1944, with twenty slides of a family album dated circa 1993. The bulk of the material dates from circa 1883 to the 1920s. The collection includes scattered personal papers including pencil and pen sketches by Blaney and his brother Henry Blaney; three of Blaney's notebooks on art history; printed material including exhibition catalogs for Blaney and others; a scrapbook of news clippings about John Singer Sargent and photographs of artwork by Sargent; photographs including images of Blaney and his home, John Breck and his studio, and a portrait of John Singer Sargent; and one hundred and ninety-nine glass plate negatives, primarily of Blaney's artwork and interiors of his homes. Also found are three glass plate negatives of paintings by John Singer Sargent, and one glass plate of Sargent seated on Blaney's boat painting Blaney, who is painting on the shore.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Boston and Ironbound Island, Maine, painter Dwight Blaney measure 3.3 linear feet and date from circa 1883-1944, with twenty slides of a family album dated circa 1993. The bulk of the material dates from circa 1883 to the 1920s. The collection includes scattered personal papers including pencil and pen sketches by Blaney and his brother Henry Blaney; three of Blaney's notebooks on art history; printed material including exhibition catalogs for Blaney and others; a scrapbook of news clippings about John Singer Sargent and photographs of artwork by Sargent; photographs including images of Blaney and his home, John Breck and his studio, and a portrait of John Singer Sargent; and one hundred and ninety-nine glass plate negatives, primarily of Blaney's artwork and interiors of his homes. Also found are three glass plate negatives of paintings by John Singer Sargent, and one glass plate of Sargent seated on Blaney's boat painting Blaney, who is painting on the shore.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as five series.

Series 1: Personal Papers, circa 1883-circa 1920s (0.3 linear feet; Box 1, OV 4)

Series 2: Notebooks, circa 1920s (0.4 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 3: Printed Material, 1883-1927, 1944 (0.2 linear feet; Box 3)

Series 4: Scrapbook on John Singer Sargent, 1920s (0.2 linear feet; BV 5)

Series 5: Photographic Material, circa 1880s-1920s, circa 1993 (Boxes 3, 6-10)
Biographical / Historical:
Boston and Ironbound Island, Maine, painter Dwight Blaney (1865-1944), studied at the Boston Art School from 1886 to 1888, and in 1891 traveled to Europe where he met his future wife, Edith Hill, and spent two years sketching and working as a tour guide. Blaney married Hill on his return to the United States and the couple settled in Boston, but also had a home on Ironbound Island in Maine's Frenchman Bay. Over time the family acquired the entire island and John Singer Sargent and other painters came to visit and paint there in the summer months.

Blaney was known for his Impressionist paintings in oil and watercolor, including landscapes, snow scenes, genre, and city views. He often visited Bermuda and was artistically inspired by the houses and the landscape there. Blaney was also an art collector and owned one of Monet's Haystacks series, in addition to being an active member of the Walpole Society which collected Americana. Blaney filled his homes with antique furniture, silver, pewter, and other decorative objects.

John Singer Sargent was a guest of the Blaneys on Ironbound Island in the early 1920s, and painted Blaney in The Artist Sketching (1922). He also painted Woods in Maine on the island the same year.

In addition to painting and collecting, Blaney was a malacologist with a serious interest in documenting marine mollusk species.
Separated Materials:
Benjamin Blaney loaned materials for microfilming in 1990. Originals of loaned material, including letters from artists such as John Singer Sargent and Frank Benson, twenty one volumes of sketchbooks, a notebook, a journal, and a scrapbook, were returned to Blaney after microfilming and were not subsequently donated. Loaned material is available on reels 4405-4407 but is not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Benjamin Blaney, Blaney's grandson, in 1990. In 1993, slides from a family photo album depicting the Blaney family on a trip to Bermuda were donated by Jeffrey Brown, who purchased the original album from the David Blaney estate.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Massachusetts  Search this
Painters -- Maine  Search this
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Photographs
Prints
Sketches
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Dwight Blaney papers, circa 1883-1944, circa 1993. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.blandwig
See more items in:
Dwight Blaney papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-blandwig
Online Media:

Harald Alfred Rehder Oral History Interviews

Creator::
Rehder, Harald Alfred, 1907- , interviewee  Search this
Extent:
6 audiotapes (Reference copies).
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Transcripts
Audiotapes
Date:
1976-1977
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Institution Archives began its Oral History Program in 1973. The purpose of the program is to supplement the written documentation of the Archives' record and manuscript collections with an Oral History Collection, focusing on the history of the Institution, research by its scholars, and contributions of its staff. Program staff conduct interviews with current and retired Smithsonian staff and others who have made significant contributions to the Institution. There are also interviews conducted by researchers or student on topics related to the history of the Smithsonian or the holdings of the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

Rehder was interviewed for the Oral History Collection because of his long and notable research career at the USNM. On May 13, 1982, Rehder was honored by his colleagues for fifty years of service to the Institution.
Descriptive Entry:
Rehder was interviewed by Pamela M. Henson on five occasions between June 1976 and March 1977. The interviews cover his youth, early interests in natural history, education, career in the Division of Mollusks of the USNM, reminiscences of Paul Bartsch, Austin Hobart Clark, Waldo LaSalle Schmitt, and other colleagues, field work, and research in the systematics and geographic distribution of mollusks, especially marine mollusks of the Indo-Pacific region.
Historical Note:
Harald Alfred Rehder (1907-1996), was an invertebrate zoologist specializing in systematic malacology. The son of a botanist, Rehder developed an interest in natural history early in his youth. These interests were fostered through shell clubs and the Boston Society of Natural History, especially by Charles W. Johnson. Rehder received the B.A. from Bowdoin College in 1929, M.A. from Harvard University in 1933, and Ph.D. in zoology from the George Washington University in 1934. During his Harvard years, Rehder studied fresh water land snails and Caribbean non-marine mollusks under the malacologist William James Clench. His career at the United States National Museum (USNM) began in 1932 as Senior Scientific Aid to Paul Bartsch, Curator of the Division of Mollusks. Rehder advanced to Assistant Curator in 1934 and Associate Curator in 1942. After assuming the Curatorship in 1946, Rehder focused his research program on the systematics and geographic distribution of Indo-Pacific marine mollusks, and has been on many expeditions to that region. In 1965 he was appointed Senior Zoologist in the division, and after his retirement in 1980 continued his research as Zoologist Emeritus.
Rights:
Restricted. Audio recordings may not be used without permission. Contact SIHistory@si.edu to request permission.
Topic:
Museum curators -- Interviews  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Genre/Form:
Transcripts
Audiotapes
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9519, Harald Alfred Rehder Oral History Interviews
Identifier:
Record Unit 9519
See more items in:
Harald Alfred Rehder Oral History Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9519

A. Myra Keen Oral History Interview

Creator::
Keen, A. Myra (Angeline Myra), 1905-1986, interviewee  Search this
Extent:
1 audiotape (Reference copy).
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Transcripts
Audiotapes
Date:
1983
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Institution Archives began its Oral History Program in 1973. The purpose of the program is to supplement the written documentation of the Archives' record and manuscript collections with an Oral History Collection, focusing on the history of the Institution, research by its scholars, and contributions of its staff. Program staff conduct interviews with current and retired Smithsonian staff and others who have made significant contributions to the Institution. There are also interviews conducted by researchers or student on topics related to the history of the Smithsonian or the holdings of the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

The Keen interview was donated to the Oral History Collection because of her long career and many contributions to the field of American malacology.
Descriptive Entry:
Keen was interviewed by Eugene V. Coan, malacologist and former student of Keen's, because of her long career and many contributions to the field of American malacology. The interview includes her reminiscences about her education, research interests, fieldwork, colleagues, and students. The interview complements the A. Myra Keen papers, also located in the Smithsonian Institution Archives.
Historical Note:
Angeline Myra Keen (1905-1986), an invertebrate paleontologist and malacologist, was an international expert on the systematics of marine mollusks. She influenced her profession as a researcher and fieldworker, teacher and advisor, curator and exhibitor, author and public speaker. Her work was of interest both to academic scholars and to shell collectors.

Raised in Colorado, Keen became an amateur naturalist and photographer in her teens, and pursued her research interests in birds and insects at Colorado College, graduating with an A.B. in 1930. She earned an M.A. in psychology from Stanford University the following year, and then a doctorate in psychology from the University of California at Berkeley. Finding herself with no employment prospects, graduating in the depression year of 1934, she volunteered to help identify shells in the Stanford geology department's collection. This was the beginning of Keen's serious study of shells and her thirty-eight year association with Stanford. She had some coursework in biology, geology, and statistics, but was self-taught in malacology.

In 1936 Keen was appointed Curator of paleontology in the department of geology, and began teaching there during the Second World War. She was appointed Assistant Professor of paleontology in 1954 and Curator of malacology in 1957. Despite her stature, Keen waited until 1960 for appointment as a tenured Associate Professor and until 1965 for a full professorship, becoming one of three women professors in the sciences at Stanford. Upon her retirement in 1970, she was made Professor of Paleontology Emeritus and Curator of Malacology Emeritus, and taught two more years.

Keen's research focused on molluscan systematics, but ranged widely within the field to include recent marine mollusk fauna of the Panamic Province and marine molluscan Cenozoic paleontology, neontology, and zoogeography of western North America. Keen was particularly interested in bivalve systematics and nomenclature. She spent many years adding to, cataloging, and systematically arranging the Cenozoic mollusk collection at Stanford. She also wrote fourteen books and sixty-four papers in the field of malacology.

Keen was the primary teacher of students in malacology at Stanford, advising advanced degree candidates in geology and biology. She also taught courses in advanced paleontology, biological oceanography, and curatorial methods.

Keen's professional honors included Phi Beta Kappa, a 1964 Guggenheim Fellowship, and appointment as Fellow of the Geological Society of America and as fellow of the Paleontological Society. She received the Fellows Medal from the California Academy of Sciences in 1979, becoming the first woman to do so. She served as President of both the American Malacological Union and the Western Society for Malacology, and chaired the Committee on Nomenclature of the Society of Systematic Zoology.
Topic:
Invertebrate zoology  Search this
Paleontology  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Genre/Form:
Transcripts
Audiotapes
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9527, A. Myra Keen Oral History Interview
Identifier:
Record Unit 9527
See more items in:
A. Myra Keen Oral History Interview
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9527

S. Stillman Berry Papers

Creator::
Berry, S. Stillman (Samuel Stillman), 1887-1984  Search this
Extent:
4.5 cu. ft. (4 record storage boxes) (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Clippings
Scientific illustrations
Maps
Black-and-white photographs
Color photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Audiotapes
Date:
1904-2001
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of the papers of S. Stillman Berry (1887-1984), a malacologist and businessman. The majority of these materials consist of the notes and illustrations for many of his published and unpublished manuscripts. Materials also include reprints, correspondence, scientific illustrations, maps, clippings, photographs, negatives, and audiocassettes. Materials dated after Berry's death document memorials, his estate, and the distribution of his collections.
Topic:
Malacologists  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Clippings
Scientific illustrations
Maps
Black-and-white photographs
Color photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Audiotapes
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 16-224, S. Stillman Berry Papers
Identifier:
Accession 16-224
See more items in:
S. Stillman Berry Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa16-224

My Memories of Malacologists

Collection Creator::
Berry, S. Stillman (Samuel Stillman), 1887-1984  Search this
Container:
Box 4 of 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 16-224, S. Stillman Berry Papers
See more items in:
S. Stillman Berry Papers
S. Stillman Berry Papers / Box 4
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa16-224-refidd1e3412

S. Stillman Berry Papers

Creator::
Berry, S. Stillman (Samuel Stillman), 1887-1984  Search this
Extent:
14.43 cu. ft. (14 record storage boxes) (1 12x17 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Floor plans
Manuscripts
Clippings
Diaries
Journals (accounts)
Picture postcards
Color photographs
Microfiche
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white transparencies
Date:
1880-1984
Introduction:
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.

The Archives would like to thank Paul F. Allen, the executor of the Berry Estate for selecting the Smithsonian Institution Archives as home for the Berry papers; Phillip J. Livoni, a close associate of Drs. Allen and Berry, for his help in transferring the papers to the Archives; and, last but not least, Clyde F. E. Roper, National Museum of Natural History, for bringing us together with Dr. Allen.
Descriptive Entry:
This collection documents the different aspects of S. Stillman Berry's long, varied life, illustrating his experiences and work as a student at Harvard and Stanford Universities, as a malacologist, as an avocational and commercial horticulturist, and as an employee of the Scripps Institution for Biological Research. Berry's papers are also a primary source of information about his family life and many friendships. The collection is somewhat weak, however, in its coverage of Berry's involvement in the administration of the Winnecook Ranch.

The papers of S. Stillman Berry primarily consist of correspondence. Although the letters as a whole date from the 1880s to Berry's death in 1984, most of his family correspondence, which is comprised of letters written by Berry and his parents, is concentrated between 1900 and 1916, while the bulk of his scientific, horticultural, and personal correspondence is from 1920 to 1965. Also spread throughout the collection are financial records such as bills, receipts, and check stubs, certificates verifying the donation of specimens, import permits, manuscripts of articles and book reviews, and a small number of photographs. Of particular interest are series consisting of Berry's college and organizational records and memorabilia and of his diaries, which describe in minute detail his daily activities from 1911-1925 and 1931-1940.

Berry's family correspondence, personal correspondence, college and organizational records and memorabilia, and diaries are the main sources of information about his private life. Together they document Berry's childhood and adolescence; family relationships, particularly with his parents, other relatives in Unity, Maine, and cousins who lived in the Berry household in Redlands; friendships with classmates and professors at Stanford and Harvard Universities and with college students and acquaintances who visited him in Redlands or helped care for his house and garden; social activities; and political views. Two particularly well-documented events in Berry's life are his 1904-1905 excursion to Europe with his mother, which is described in Evelyn Crie Berry's almost daily letters to her husband and in Berry's diary of the trip, and the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake, the subject of photographs, newspaper clippings, and family and personal correspondence. The most continuous records of Berry's domestic and social ties are his correspondence with Evelyn Crie Berry, which is especially voluminous during the years Berry attended college, and his five-year diaries. Unfortunately, both Berry's family correspondence and the diary entries cease in 1940, the year of Evelyn Crie Berry's death. Conversely, although Berry's personal correspondence extends from 1896 to 1984, copies of most outgoing and many incoming letters are not included in this collection.

Scientific correspondence and related materials constitute the primary record of Berry's activities as a malacologist, including the manner in which he acquired the materials for his research projects; his participation in scientific organizations; his interest in taxonomy and nomenclature; and his production and distribution of Leaflets in Malacology. His work for the Scripps Institution for Biological Research, as a Librarian and Research Assistant and as a Research Zoologist, is fully documented in a small, comprehensive series consisting primarily of correspondence, a large portion of which is with his supervisors, assistants, and other associates at the Institution. Berry's letters to his mother after 1909, the year he entered the Master's program in Zoology at Harvard, as well as his diary entries also occasionally refer to his scientific interests, work, and acquaintances.

Berry's scientific interest in hybridization and the origins and operation of his commercial nursery are documented by his horticultural correspondence and related materials. The diaries also indicate the bulbs and plants which he shipped and received, the customers who visited his garden, and his daily gardening chores. It should be noted, however, that there are no records in the collection explicitly relating to Berry's horticultural activities beyond the early 1950s.

As previously indicated, information regarding the Winnecook Ranch Company is generally fragmentary and scattered throughout the collection. The earliest years of the Ranch are described in Ralph Berry's correspondence, which frequently concerns the purchase of livestock, wool sales, ranch finances, and his business associates and employees at Winnecook. Stillman Berry's correspondence with Evelyn Crie Berry as well as his diary entries after his father's death in 1911 illustrate the beginning of his own involvement in the Ranch, including the steps which he and his mother took to gain a controlling interest in the Company. The only relatively cohesive group of documents about the Ranch from the 1940s to the 1970s are Berry's letters with officers of the Winnecook Ranch Company, particularly with Elwyn Dole and Thayer Stevens. Infrequent references are also made in the collection to the other business ventures of the Berry family, including Ralph Berry's investment in the Cuban-American Land Company, Evelyn Crie Berry's ownership of property in California, and Stillman Berry's leasing of Winnecook land to oil speculators.

The papers of S. Stillman Berry in the Smithsonian Institution Archives can be supplemented by records, specimens, monographs, reprints, and notes in other repositories and research institutions. All of Berry's malacological collections except for the cephalopod mollusks, including specimens, published manuscripts, photographs, and original drawings, were donated to the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, as were about 40,000 reprints on shelled mollusks from Berry's private library; his collection of cephalopod specimens were given to the National Museum of Natural History of the Smithsonian Institution. Berry's collection of horticultural books and reprints and the notes from his own hybridization experiments are now in the California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo; prepared specimens of California plants were presented to the herbarium at the Santa Barbara Botanic Garden. The correspondence of Berry's relatives in Unity, Maine, and documentation about the history and families of the town in general are housed with the Unity Historical Society, while Berry's genealogical library is with the University of Redlands. Finally, at some future date the Montana Historical Society in Helena, Montana, will receive custody of all records generated by the Winnecook Ranch Company since its incorporation in 1906, including minutes of board meetings, correspondence files, financial records, and maps.
Historical Note:
S. Stillman Berry was the son of Ralph and Evelyn Crie Berry, settlers from Unity, Maine, who founded the Winnecook Ranch, Montana, in 1880. Berry was born in Unity on 16 March 1887 during one of his mother's trips back to Maine. Much of Berry's adolescence was spent moving across the United States, from Minneapolis, Phoenix, Pasadena, Oakland, to San Francisco, with occasional stops at Winnecook and Unity, as a result of his mother's efforts to find the most hospitable environment for his fragile health. In 1897 he moved with Evelyn Crie Berry and two cousins, Charlotte and Evelyn Kelley, to Redlands, California. Although Berry became a permanent resident of Redlands, he also maintained his close ties with relatives in Maine and the ranch in Montana for the remainder of his life.

Another of Berry's lifelong concerns was his work in malacology. His scientific pursuits apparently began at an early age, as illustrated by letters from Berry dating from 1903 onward in the records of the Division of Mollusks in the Smithsonian Archives. Addressed to William Dall, then Honorary Curator of the Division, the earliest letters reveal a ready familiarity with Latin species names and a marked attention to accuracy in the identification of specimens. His repeated requests for the National Museum's publications indicate that he was already busily accumulating books and reprints for what was to become a substantial private research collection consisting of over forty thousand titles. Berry's first article, "Note on a New Variety of Cerithidea sacrata Gld., from San Diego, Cal.," was published in Nautilus in 1906. In that same year he entered Stanford University as an undergraduate majoring in zoology; he received his Bachelor's in 1909, his Master's from Harvard in 1910, and his Doctorate, again from Stanford, in 1913. The published version of his doctoral dissertation, Cephalopoda, is still considered the definitive study of Pacific cephalopods.

In January 1913 Berry began working at the Scripps Institution for Biological Research in La Jolla, California, having been recommended for employment to the Director of the Institution, William Emerson Ritter, by his advisor at Stanford, Charles Henry Gilbert. As Librarian and Research Assistant, Berry supervised and delegated work in the library and arranged for the acquisition of scientific papers and monographs to transform the collection into a significant research resource. Anxious to return to his scientific work and to spend more time in Redlands, he relinquished his library responsibilities in 1916 and instead worked for the Institution as a Non-Resident Research Zoologist. For the next two years Berry studied the Institution's cephalopod specimens and produced a series of reports partially funded by the Institution on the chitons of North America. Berry's position at the Scripps Institution, which came to an end in 1918, was the last professional post he held in an academic or research institution.

In spite of his independent status, Berry's scientific output over the next three-quarters of a century was impressive by any standard. In all, he established 401 names for mollusk taxa and published 209 articles, most of which were on chitons, cephalopods, and land snails. Many of Berry's articles first appeared in his own scientific journal, Leaflets in Malacology, which he began producing in 1946 to ensure the speedy publication of his scientific findings. He eventually issued 26 editions of Leaflets, the last appearing in 1969. A large number of his papers were also delivered at meetings of the numerous scientific organizations to which he belonged. In recognition of his considerable contributions to the field, Berry was elected the only Honorary Life President of the American Malacological Union, the only lifetime President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the only Honorary Member of the Cephalopod International Advisory Council. He additionally served as Research Associate of the Smithsonian Institution and as Life Fellow of the San Diego Society of Natural History.

Soon after completing college Berry also became involved in horticulture, apparently under the encouragement of Dr. Walter Kenrick Fisher, one of his former zoology professors at Stanford. Berry's horticultural work was an extension of his general interest in genetics and evolution. Although he chose to concentrate primarily on the hybridization of irises and daffodils, Berry also cultivated peonies, pansies, gladioli, and various fruit-bearing trees and plants. In an effort to develop or adapt varieties of flowers, plants, and trees compatible with the climate and conditions of California, he procured bulbs and plants from horticulturists throughout the United States as well as in New Zealand, Australia, the Middle East, China, India, and South Africa. He also supplied new and rare varieties to prominent horticulturists of his time, including William Mohr, Grace Sturtevant, the Sass Brothers, Jeannette Dean, and F. X. Schreiner, and published an unknown number of articles and reviews of gardening books. While Berry's horticultural business, established in the mid-1920s, was initially intended to support further efforts in hybridization, it eventually became a welcome source of income during the Depression. The abrupt cessation of his business correspondence in the late 1940s suggests that horticulture ceased to be a business at that time and once again became a hobby.

Although Berry had intermittently lived at the Winnecook Ranch for most of his early life, his business association with the Winnecook Ranch Company began in earnest in 1911, with the death of his father. In that year he was voted to the Board of Directors, and in 1917 he was elected President of the Company, an office he filled until his death in 1984. For most of his life he spent the summer of every year in Montana overseeing affairs at the ranch.

For more data about S. Stillman Berry's life, see Series 9, which consists of biographical articles, most of which were published shortly after his death, a bibliography of his works, a list of his zoological taxa, and some information regarding the founding and early history of Winnecook Ranch. As part of its Oral History Project, the Smithsonian Institution Archives also has transcripts and tapes from a series of interviews conducted with Berry in 1980 about his scientific work and colleagues.
Topic:
San Francisco Earthquake and Fire, Calif., 1906  Search this
Squids  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Genre/Form:
Floor plans
Manuscripts
Clippings
Diaries
Journals (accounts)
Picture postcards
Color photographs
Microfiche
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white transparencies
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7335, S. Stillman Berry Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7335
See more items in:
S. Stillman Berry Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7335

Chace, Emery P., 1915-1945, 1947-1948, 1953-1965, 1967-1968, 1972-1973, and undated. Includes correspondence from Elsie M. Chace (Mrs. Emery P.); and a photograph of Emery Chace embarking on a collecting expedition. The Chaces' letters frequently refer...

Collection Creator::
Berry, S. Stillman (Samuel Stillman), 1887-1984  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 15
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7335, S. Stillman Berry Papers
See more items in:
S. Stillman Berry Papers
S. Stillman Berry Papers / Series 1: Scientific Correspondence and Related Material, 1903-1984, and undated. / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7335-refidd1e1025

Hubbs, Carl Leavitt, 1915, 1922, 1944, 1947-1952, 1953-1963, 1965, 1971-1972, 1982. Includes correspondence with Laura Hubbs (Mrs. Carl L.) as well as between Hubbs and other malacologists, including Anna Bidder of Cambridge, Kenneth Orris Emery, and E...

Collection Creator::
Berry, S. Stillman (Samuel Stillman), 1887-1984  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 15
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7335, S. Stillman Berry Papers
See more items in:
S. Stillman Berry Papers
S. Stillman Berry Papers / Series 1: Scientific Correspondence and Related Material, 1903-1984, and undated. / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7335-refidd1e2182

Scientific Correspondence and Related Material, 1903-1984, and undated.

Collection Creator::
Berry, S. Stillman (Samuel Stillman), 1887-1984  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Note:
This series consists of correspondence and related materials documenting S. Stillman Berry's work as a malacologist. It is primarily concerned with Berry's efforts to acquire the malacological specimens and the scientific monographs, papers, and periodicals which he needed for his various research projects.

Other subjects that are highlighted in this series are Berry's interest in nomenclature and taxonomy; his publication of Leaflets in Malacology; his enduring friendships with other malacologists and scientists; his participation in scientific organizations and clubs; his donation of specimens and scientific literature to museums and other research institutions; and his inquiries into fields not exclusively related to malacology, including organic luminosity, octopus venum, beaver canals, archaeology, and environmental issues. Many of the incoming letters are also requests for the identification of individual specimens.

Berry's scientific correspondents included foreign and domestic malacologists; shell collectors and conchologists; staff and officials of museums, academic institutions, and research foundations; officers and members of professional organizations; editors of scientific journals; professional illustrators and photographers; book dealers and librarians; scientific and stationery supplies companies.

Photographs and manuscripts included in the correspondence and related materials have been indicated in the folder list.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7335, S. Stillman Berry Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7335, Series 1
See more items in:
S. Stillman Berry Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7335-refidd1e306

Smith, Allyn Goodwin, 1914-1923, 1926-1927, 1929-1934, 1937-1940, 1942, 1944-1960, 1962, 1964-1965, 1967-1968, 1972-1973, 1976, and undated. Smith's correspondence contains observations about prominent malacologists and other scientists, including Paul...

Collection Creator::
Berry, S. Stillman (Samuel Stillman), 1887-1984  Search this
Container:
Box 4 of 15
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7335, S. Stillman Berry Papers
See more items in:
S. Stillman Berry Papers
S. Stillman Berry Papers / Series 1: Scientific Correspondence and Related Material, 1903-1984, and undated. / Box 4
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7335-refidd1e3451

Van der Schalie, Henry, 1938-1940, 1942, 1944-1945, 1947-1949, 1957, 1964, and undated. Van der Schalie's letters frequently refer to other malacologists and scientists, including Dwight Taylor, Royal Brunson, Harold Harry, Albert C. Silberling, Elmer ...

Collection Creator::
Berry, S. Stillman (Samuel Stillman), 1887-1984  Search this
Container:
Box 5 of 15
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7335, S. Stillman Berry Papers
See more items in:
S. Stillman Berry Papers
S. Stillman Berry Papers / Series 1: Scientific Correspondence and Related Material, 1903-1984, and undated. / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7335-refidd1e3888

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