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Biology, evolution and generic review of the chemosymbiotic bivalve family Lucinidae John Taylor and Emily Glover

Title:
Bivalve family Lucinidae
Author:
Taylor, John David  Search this
Glover, Emily  Search this
Physical description:
318 pages illustrations (chiefly color) 29 cm
Type:
Books
Classification
Date:
2021
Topic:
Lucinidae--Anatomy  Search this
Lucinidae--Classification  Search this
Lucinidés--Anatomie  Search this
Lucinidés--Classification  Search this
Lucinidae  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1156367

Dr. William Healey Dall

Artist:
Carleton E. Watkins, 11 Nov 1829 - 23 Jun 1916  Search this
Sitter:
William Healey Dall, 21 Aug 1845 - 27 Mar 1927  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 11.7 × 8.9 cm (4 5/8 × 3 1/2")
Sheet: 14.2 × 10.1 cm (5 9/16 × 4")
Mount: 16.6 × 10.9 cm (6 9/16 × 4 5/16")
Mat: 45.7 × 35.6 cm (18 × 14")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\California\San Francisco\San Francisco
Date:
c. 1870
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses\Pince-nez  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Photographic format\Cabinet card  Search this
William Healey Dall: Male  Search this
William Healey Dall: Science and Technology\Scientist\Naturalist  Search this
William Healey Dall: Science and Technology\Scientist\Earth scientist\Paleontologist  Search this
William Healey Dall: Science and Technology\Scientist\Biologist\Zoologist\Malacologist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
S/NPG.77.65
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4ac23f30e-a97c-487e-8e76-9801e7fb681c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.77.65

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1858-1982, AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY.

Type:
Archival materials
Note:
This series consists of correspondence documenting the history and operation of the Division of Mollusks and the research interests of the professional staff, from its establishment in 1880 until 1982. A small amount of material pre-dating the official creation of the Department is found. Correspondence prior to 1937 is mostly incoming. After that date both incoming and outgoing letters are present. See Series 3 for outgoing letters, 1885-1937.

Correspondents include domestic and foreign malacologists; shell collectors and avocational conchologists; Smithsonian administrators, curators, and staff; staff of museums, universities, and research organizations; editors and staff of scientific publications; and officers and members of professional organizations.

Included is correspondence concerning the acquisition, identification, exchange, and loan of specimens; malacological research and the publication of results; museum and divisional administration; professional activities, especially the early history of the American Malacological Union; and expeditions and field work.

A small number of photographs and specimen lists are found with the correspondence and are noted in the folder list.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 73, National Museum of Natural History, Division of Mollusks, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 73, Series 1
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0073-refidd1e269

Isaac Lea

Artist:
Bernard Albrecht Uhle, 1847 - 1930  Search this
Sitter:
Isaac Lea, 4 Mar 1792 - 8 Dec 1886  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas mounted on wood
Dimensions:
128.5cm x 108cm (50 9/16" x 42 1/2"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1884-85
Topic:
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Bookcase  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Isaac Lea: Male  Search this
Isaac Lea: Literature\Writer\Scientific  Search this
Isaac Lea: Science and Technology\Scientist\Naturalist  Search this
Isaac Lea: Literature\Publisher\Book  Search this
Isaac Lea: Science and Technology\Scientist\Biologist\Zoologist\Malacologist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; transfer from the Smithsonian American Art Museum; gift of Marjorie Lea Hudson, 1961
Object number:
NPG.66.60
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4fe1a28b2-d1be-483c-9699-42ecf027c964
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.66.60

Records

Extent:
58.76 cu. ft. (39 record storage boxes) (9 document boxes) (26 tall document boxes) (9 microfilm reels)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Black-and-white photographs
Clippings
Books
Manuscripts
Letterpress copybooks
Date:
1851-1982 and undated
Introduction:
The Archives would like to thank the staff of the Division of Mollusks for their cooperation in transferring the records to the Archives. We especially appreciate the help of Clyde Roper, Richard Houbrick, and Michael Sweeney.
Descriptive Entry:
This collection provides comprehensive documentation of the operation and activities of the Division of Mollusks from its establishment in 1880 until 1982. A small amount of records predate the formal creation of the Division. The collection is also a major source of information on the professional careers of William H. Dall, Paul Bartsch, Charles Torrey Simpson, Robert Edwards Carter Stearns, Harald A. Rehder, Joseph P. E. Morrison, Joseph Rosewater, and Clyde F. E. Roper.

The majority of the collection consists of a large file of incoming and outgoing correspondence (Series 1) that documents all aspects of the Division's work. The correspondence provides a wealth of information for researchers interested in the history of malacology during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Many of the foremost workers in the field corresponded with the staff of the Division. Henry A. Pilsbry, William J. Clench, S. Stillman Berry, William G. Binney, Edward S. Morse, Carlos de la Torre, Addison E. Verrill, and Joshua L. Bailey are just a few of the outstanding malacologists represented by letters. The correspondence is also helpful in illustrating the early history and activities of the American Malacological Union, the development of the Smithsonian collection of mollusks, and everyday activities of the Division. Divisional correspondence is also housed in two other series. Series 2 contains letters exchanged between the Division and the Smithsonian Institution, United States National Museum, and various United States government agencies. This correspondence documents the administration of the Division by its parent organizations, as well as cooperative efforts with other government bureaus to increase and care for the national collection of mollusks. Also included are many letters relating to William H. Dall's official duties as a paleontologist with the United States Geological Survey. Series 3 consists of bound letterpress books containing copies of outgoing letters, 1885-1937.

A large series of specimen related records includes catalogues of individual collections; report books in which specimen identifications were recorded; invoices; requisitions; and log books which contain notations on everyday activities of the Division. The remainder of the collection consists of annual reports, 1884-1969, and miscellaneous administrative records.

For additional records relating to the history of the Division of Mollusks, researchers should consult the William H. Dall Papers (Record Unit 7073), the Paul Bartsch Papers (Record Unit 7089), and the Harald A. Rehder Interviews (Record Unit 9519).
Historical Note:
The origin of the mollusk collections under the care of the Smithsonian Institution predates the formal establishment of the Department of Mollusks in 1880. Collections of shells began arriving at the Institution from many of the early exploring expeditions conducted during the 1840s and 1850s. Voluntary assistance in arranging and describing the collections was provided by many eminent invertebrate zoologists including Augustus Addison Gould, Philip Pearsall Carpenter, Isaac Lea, William Greene Binney, William Stimpson, and Thomas Bland.

The Department of Mollusks was created as an administrative unit of the United States National Museum (USNM) in 1880. As a result of an administrative reorganization of the USNM in 1897, the name was changed to the Division of Mollusks. In 1914, the Division was merged with the Division of Marine Invertebrates under the latter title. In 1921, the Division of Mollusks regained independent status. At that time the coral and helminthological collections were turned over to the Division's care.

William H. Dall's association with the Smithsonian began in 1865 when he came under the influence of Spencer F. Baird while preparing for his role on the Western Union Telegraph Expedition. After he returned from Alaska in 1868, Dall was given space in the Smithsonian Building to arrange his collections and prepare his scientific reports. While Dall spent the majority of his career as a paleontologist with the United States Geological Survey, he also served as Honorary Curator of the Division of Mollusks from 1880 until his death in 1927. Dall was the author of over 1,600 scientific papers on both recent and fossil mollusks.

Paul Bartsch, an authority on West Indian land shells, was appointed Aid in 1896. He served as Assistant Curator, 1906-1916, and Curator, 1916-1946. After his retirement he was an Associate in Zoology until his death in 1960. Harald A. Rehder joined the staff in 1932 as Senior Scientific Aid. He was promoted to Assistant Curator, 1934-1942; Associate Curator, 1942-1946; Curator, 1946-1965; and Senior Zoologist, 1965-1980. Rehder specialized in the study of the marine mollusks of the Indo-Pacific region. He maintained the title of Zoologist Emeritus until his death in 1996.

Other staff members of the Division of Mollusks have included Robert Edwards Carter Stearns, Assistant Curator, 1884-1893, and Associate in Zoology, 1894-1909; Charles Torrey Simpson, Aid, 1889-1902; William B. Marshall, Aid, 1895-1896, 1903-1914, and Assistant Curator, 1914-1934; Horace G. Richards, Assistant Curator, 1932; Joseph P. E. Morrison, Senior Scientific Aid, 1934-1942, Assistant Curator, 1942-1946, and Associate Curator, 1946-1974; R. Tucker Abbott, Assistant Curator, 1946-1949, and Associate Curator, 1949-1954; Joseph Rosewater, Associate Curator, 1961-1969, and Curator, 1969-1985; Clyde F. E. Roper, Associate Curator, 1966-1972, and Curator, 1972 - ; Richard S. Houbrick, Associate Curator, 1977-1978, and Curator, 1978 - ; and Arthur H. Clarke, Associate Curator, 1977-1980.
Topic:
Mollusks  Search this
Marine invertebrates  Search this
Invertebrates  Search this
Zoologists  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Clippings
Books
Manuscripts
Letterpress copybooks
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 73, National Museum of Natural History, Division of Mollusks, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 73
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0073

Isaac Lea

Artist:
Bernard Albrecht Uhle, 1847 - 1930  Search this
Sitter:
Isaac Lea, 4 Mar 1792 - 8 Dec 1886  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
82.3cm x 67.3cm (32 3/8" x 26 1/2"), Sight
Type:
Painting
Date:
1879
Topic:
Isaac Lea: Male  Search this
Isaac Lea: Literature\Writer\Scientific  Search this
Isaac Lea: Science and Technology\Scientist\Naturalist  Search this
Isaac Lea: Literature\Publisher\Book  Search this
Isaac Lea: Science and Technology\Scientist\Biologist\Zoologist\Malacologist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University
Object number:
5 ANSP
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm495713e96-dae3-4a54-b3fc-d549806fb4c7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_5_ANSP

Dr. William Healey Dall

Artist:
Wilford Seymour Conrow, 14 Jun 1880 - 26 Nov 1957  Search this
Sitter:
William Healey Dall, 21 Aug 1845 - 27 Mar 1927  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
112cm x 85cm (44 1/8" x 33 7/16"), Accurate
No frame
Type:
Painting
Date:
1920
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Costume\Academic\Cap and gown  Search this
William Healey Dall: Male  Search this
William Healey Dall: Science and Technology\Scientist\Naturalist  Search this
William Healey Dall: Science and Technology\Scientist\Earth scientist\Paleontologist  Search this
William Healey Dall: Science and Technology\Scientist\Biologist\Zoologist\Malacologist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Whitney Dall
Object number:
NPG.81.97
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm46b81d52b-c2da-43be-b5cc-9a8f5e712910
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.81.97

A. Myra Keen with her Parents

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Keen, A. Myra (Angeline Myra) 1905-  Search this
Stanford University  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white ; Size: 4w x 6h; Type of Image: Group, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Group, candid
Date:
1914
Topic:
Women paleontologists  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Specimens  Search this
Malacologists  Search this
Paleontologists  Search this
Standard number:
91-7751
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11230

William H. Dall

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Dall, William Healey 1845-1927  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Mollusks  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Echinoderms  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Biology  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 7w x 9.8h ; Type of Image: Portrait; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Portraits
Date:
circa 1916
Topic:
Invertebrate Zoologists  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Malacologists  Search this
Echinoderms  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Paleontologists  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2009-4236 or SA -1152
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_12195

William H. Dall, Side Profile

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Dall, William Healey 1845-1927  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Echinoderms  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Mollusks  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Biology  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Date:
circa 1916
Topic:
Invertebrate Zoologists  Search this
Malacologists  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Echinoderms  Search this
Paleontologists  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2009-4238 or 44073
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_12196

William H. Dall Sitting at a Desk

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Dall, William Healey 1845-1927  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Mollusks  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Echinoderms  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Biology  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Cyanotype; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Date:
circa 1900
Topic:
Invertebrate Zoologists  Search this
Malacologists  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Echinoderms  Search this
Paleontologists  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2009-4239 or 14535
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_12197

"The Sea is Thine, and Thou Madest It" Clipping

Author:
Dall, William Healey 1845-1927  Search this
Subject:
United States National Museum  Search this
Western Union Telegraph Expedition (1865-1867)  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1 ; Color: Black and White ; Size: 4.5w x 10.25h ; Type of Image: Document ; Medium: Paper
Type:
Document
Paper
Place:
Alaska
Bering Sea
Date:
December 14, 1899
Topic:
Explorations and Expeditions  Search this
Malacologists  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2012-8398
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_13547

William Healey Dall's Wagner Free Institute of Science Medal

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Dall, William Healey 1845-1927  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
Western Union Telegraph Expedition (1865-1867)  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 2 ; Color: Sepia ; Size: 2.5w x 4.25h ; Type of Image: Object ; Medium: Photographic print
Place:
Alaska
Date:
1899
Topic:
Explorations and Expeditions  Search this
Malacologists  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Medals  Search this
Paleontology  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2012-8401 and SIA2012-8402
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_13550
Online Media:

Paul Bartsch

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Bartsch, Paul  Search this
Washington Biologists Field Club  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Mollusks  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 5w x 7h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Maryland
Date:
c. 1930s
Topic:
Plummers Island  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Malacologists  Search this
Carcinology  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2010-3631 or 97-3386
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_13629

Dr. Paul Bartsch

Author:
Tolman, Ruel P (Ruel Pardee) 1878-1954  Search this
Subject:
Bartsch, Paul  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Mollusks  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white ; Size: 2.5w x 2.75h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
May 1937
Topic:
Malacologists  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Carcinology  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2011-0253
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_13630

Dr. Paul Bartsch

Author:
Tolman, Ruel P (Ruel Pardee) 1878-1954  Search this
Subject:
Bartsch, Paul  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Mollusks  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white ; Size: 2.5w x 2.5h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
May 1937
Topic:
Malacologists  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Carcinology  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2011-0254 or 32906-4
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_13631

Dr. Leonhard Stejneger and Dr. Paul Bartsch

Author:
Tolman, Ruel P (Ruel Pardee) 1878-1954  Search this
Subject:
Bartsch, Paul  Search this
Stejneger, Leonhard 1851-1943  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Reptiles and Amphibians  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Mollusks  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Marine Invertebrates  Search this
United States National Museum Dept. of Biology  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 2.25w x 2.25h; Type of Image: Group, candid; Medium: Photograpic print
Type:
Photographic print
Group, candid
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
May 1937
Topic:
Zoologists  Search this
Malacologists  Search this
Ornithologists  Search this
Herpetologists  Search this
Ornithology  Search this
Herpetology  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Carcinology  Search this
Reptiles  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2011-0255 or 32906-3
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_13632

William Dall's Diary from the 1867 Western Union Telegraph Expedition, Pages 99-100

Author:
Dall, William Healey 1845-1927  Search this
Subject:
United States Geological Survey (USGS)  Search this
Western Union Telegraph Expedition (1865-1867)  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Color; Size: 5.3w x 14.8h; Type of Image: Document; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Document
Drawing
Scientific illustration
Place:
Alaska
USA, Alaska
Date:
May 26 -July 13, 1867
Topic:
Diaries  Search this
Field Notes  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2015-004542
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14857

S. Stillman Berry as a Young Man

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Stanford University  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Date:
c. 1905-1909
Topic:
Berry, S. Stillman (Samuel Stillman)  Search this
Microscopes  Search this
Scientific apparatus and instruments  Search this
Invertebrate Zoologists  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Malacologists  Search this
Universities and colleges  Search this
Standard number:
91-8778
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_7415

S. Stillman Berry's Room at Stanford University

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Stanford University  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Date:
c. 1905-1909
Topic:
Berry, S. Stillman (Samuel Stillman)  Search this
Invertebrate Zoologists  Search this
Mollusks  Search this
Malacologists  Search this
Universities and colleges  Search this
Standard number:
91-8777
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_7417

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