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Frederick William MacMonnies papers, 1874-1997

Creator:
MacMonnies, Frederick William, 1863-1937  Search this
Smart, Mary-Leigh, 1915-  Search this
Subject:
Booth, Edwin  Search this
Barnard, George Grey  Search this
Bion, Paul  Search this
MacMonnies, Berthe  Search this
MacMonnies, Betty  Search this
Flanagan, John F.  Search this
MacMonnies, Alice  Search this
MacMonnies, Mary Fairchild  Search this
McClellan, George Brinton  Search this
MacMonnies, Marjorie  Search this
White, Stanford  Search this
Smart, Mary  Search this
World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Ecole nationale supérieure des beaux-arts (France)  Search this
Type:
Memoirs
Manuscripts
Photographs
Sketches
Typescripts
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7090
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209223
AAA_collcode_macmfred
Theme:
Diaries
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209223
Online Media:

Frederick William MacMonnies papers

Creator:
MacMonnies, Frederick William, 1863-1937  Search this
Names:
Ecole nationale supérieure des beaux-arts (France) -- Students  Search this
World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Barnard, George Grey, 1863-1938  Search this
Bion, Paul  Search this
Booth, Edwin, 1833-1893  Search this
Flanagan, John F., 1865-1952  Search this
MacMonnies, Alice  Search this
MacMonnies, Berthe  Search this
MacMonnies, Betty  Search this
MacMonnies, Marjorie  Search this
MacMonnies, Mary Fairchild, 1858-1946  Search this
McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885  Search this
Smart, Mary, 1915-  Search this
White, Stanford, 1853-1906  Search this
Extent:
7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Memoirs
Manuscripts
Photographs
Sketches
Typescripts
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Date:
1874-1997
Summary:
The papers of sculptor Frederick William MacMonnies date from 1874 to 1997 and measure 7.0 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical material, a diary, correspondence, personal business records, project files, two sketchbooks and sketches, writings, printed material, and photographs. Well over one-half of the collection consists of Mary Smart's research files for her biography of MacMonnies, A Flight with Fame, as well as clippings regarding her research and a copy of the book.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of sculptor Frederick William MacMonnies date from 1874 to 1997 and measure 7.0 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical material, a diary, correspondence, personal business records, project files, two sketchbooks and sketches, writings, printed material, and photographs. Well over one-half of the collection consists of Mary Smart's research files for her biography of MacMonnies, A Flight with Fame, as well as clippings regarding her research and a copy of the book.

Biographical material consists of a student card to the École des Beaux-Arts, a certificate of registration as an American Citizen, the wills of MacMonnies and his second wife, Alice, and a biographical note by Alice MacMonnies.

The most significant item in the collection is MacMonnies' diary that documents his first voyage to Europe where he was anxious to pursue his studies in sculpture. His well-described activities during his first year of study in Paris, Munich, and in Italy illustrate the excitement and challenges faced by serious art students in the mid-1880s.

Correspondence includes letters exchanged between MacMonnies and colleagues including George Grey Barnard, Paul Bion, and John Flanagan. There are also letters from MacMonnies to his second wife Alice and to his daughters, Berthe Helene (Betty) and Marjorie MacMonnies.

Personal business records include deeds for land in Long Island, New York, certificates of copyright for MacMonnies' art work, and a rental agreement for and inventory of MacMonnies' studio in Giverny, France.

Project files are found for the Fountain Barge of State at World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago and other sculpture pieces. There is also a sheet of preliminary sketches for the statue General George B. McClellan.

Art work consists of two sketchbooks, drawings, and plaster casts of sketches for planned sculpture projects for the New York Public Library, a memorial statue for Edwin Booth, and a drinking fountain.

Writings include a manuscript by MacMonnies concerning the adverse effects modernity was having on beauty in art, a typescript concerning George Grey Barnard's statue of Lincoln, and memoirs by Mary Fairchild MacMonnies Low in which she describes her early life, her first encounter with MacMonnies, and their life together in Paris and Giverny, including a visit from Stanford White and his wife.

Well over one-half of the collection consists of Mary Smart's research files for her biography of MacMonnies, A Flight with Fame. Printed material includes clippings and a copy of Mary Smart's book.

Photographs are of Frederick MacMonnies, family members, his studio, a horse used as a model for The Horse Tamers, and art work.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 10 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1884-1921 (Box 1; 5 folders)

Series 2: Diary, 1884-1885 (Box 9; 1 folder)

Series 3: Correspondence, 1880-1971 (Box 1; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, 1874-1931 (Box 1; 6 folders)

Series 5: Project Files, 1891-1935 (Box 1, 9-10; 27 folders)

Series 6: Art Work, 1910-1914 (Box 1, 8-9; 1.1 linear feet)

Series 7: Writings, 1912-1917 (Box 2; 12 folders)

Series 8: Mary Smart's Research Files, 1908-1997 (Box 2-6, 9; 4.2 linear feet)

Series 9: Printed Material, 1896-1996 (Box 6-7; 13 folders)

Series 10: Photographs, 1889-1911 (Box 7, 9; 8 folders)
Biographical Note:
Frederick William MacMonnies (1863-1937) of New York City, was a well known sculptor of the Beaux-Arts School, equally successful in France as in the United States. He was also a highly accomplished painter and portraitist.

Frederick William MacMonnies was born on September 28, 1863 in Brooklyn Heights, New York, the son of Juliana Eudora West and William MacMonnies. From an early age, MacMonnies showed skill in fashioning figures from wax. Because the Civil War put an end to his father's prosperous importing business, MacMonnies had to leave school at a young age in order to earn money to support the family.

With the help of a stone carver friend of his father, MacMonnies became a studio assistant to Augustus Stint-Gaudens in 1880. MacMonnies also studied at night at Cooper Union. In 1882 Saint-Gaudens promoted MacMonnies to apprentice and encouraged his development as an artist. MacMonnies began studying drawing at the National Academy of Design and occasionally attended classes at the Art Students League. It was during this time that he became better acquainted with Saint-Gaudens' important patrons and colleagues including John LaFarge, Charles F. McKim, Stanford White.

In 1884 MacMonnies left for Paris to study first at the Académie Colarossi and later at the École des Beaux-Arts under Jean Alexandre Falguière. In 1888 he opened a studio in Paris where he mentored artists including Janet Scudder and Mary Foote. He married a fellow artist, Mary Louise Fairchild in 1888. They had two daughters, Berthe Hélène and Marjorie. They were divorced in 1909, and Mary married painter Will Hicok Low later that year. MacMonnies married his former student Alice Jones in 1910.

MacMonnies executed commissions for Stanford White and John La Farge. In 1889, he won a competition to complete a statue of Nathan Hale for City Hall Park. He won a medal in the Paris Salon for his statue of Hale and a second medal for his statue of James T. Stranahan, earning status as a master artist. In 1891, he was commissioned to produce the central fountain for the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago.

Even though MacMonnies travelled annually to the United States, he maintained his primary residences and studios in Paris and Giverny, France. He was also an occasional painter and had a solo exhibition at the Durand-Ruel Galleries in the United States in 1903. In 1905 his Bacchante and Infant Faun statue became the center of controversy when it was rejected by conservative groups in Boston. It was later acquired by the Metropolitan Museum in New York City. In 1915 he returned permanently to the United States.

MacMonnies was an Academician of the National Academy of Design, Chevalier of the Legion of Honor of France and hors concours at the Paris Salon allowing him to submit works directly to the Salon without initial scrutiny by judges.

Frederick William MacMonnies died of pneumonia on March 22, 1937 in New York City.
Related Material:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are four letters from MacMonnies to Allan Marquand cataloged separately, and a typescript "The Form of the Princeton Monument" lent by Elric Endersby in 1976 and microfilmed on reel 1094.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reels D245 and 3042) including five scrapbooks and letters from Augustus Saint-Gaudens to MacMonnies. Lent materials were returned to the lenders and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The bulk of Frederick William MacMonnies papers were donated by the artist's granddaughters Louise Wysong Rice and Marjorie Vander Velde in 1988 and 1998. Some, but not all, of the papers were originally loaned for microfilming and were later included in the donations. A small addition to the papers was transferred from the Smithsonian's Museum of American Art Library in 1981.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Memoirs
Manuscripts
Photographs
Sketches
Typescripts
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Frederick William MacMonnies papers, 1874-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.macmfred
See more items in:
Frederick William MacMonnies papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9d2bebb53-2d94-42a0-86a5-2ece04bf3710
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-macmfred
Online Media:

Monsieur Cardin, (painting)

Title:
Le Raseur, (painting)
Portrait of a French Artist, (painting)
Portrait of Monsieur Cardin with Mary Fairchild MacMonnies and Berthe in Background, (painting)
Painter:
MacMonnies, Frederick William 1863-1937  Search this
Subject:
Cardin  Search this
Low, Mary Fairchild  Search this
MacMonnies, Marjorie  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Culture:
French  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Berry-Hill Galleries, Inc New York New York
Date:
1900-1901
Topic:
Performing Arts--Theater--Performer  Search this
Portrait male--Elderly  Search this
Ethnic  Search this
Object--Written Matter--Book  Search this
Portrait group--Family  Search this
Portrait female  Search this
Occupation--Art--Artist  Search this
Object--Art Object--Painting  Search this
Architecture interior  Search this
Control number:
IAP 88620024
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_358448

Mrs. MacMonnies and Children, (painting)

Title:
Portraits of Madame MacMonnies and Her Children, (painting)
Mrs. Frederick MacMonnies and Children in the Garden of Giverny, (painting)
Painter:
MacMonnies, Frederick William 1863-1937  Search this
Subject:
Low, Mary Fairchild  Search this
MacMonnies, Berthe Helene (Betty)  Search this
MacMonnies, Marjorie  Search this
Unidentified  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Musee des Beaux-Arts Rouen France
Date:
1901
Topic:
Landscape--France--Giverny  Search this
Landscape--Garden  Search this
Portrait group--Family--Mother & Child  Search this
Portrait female  Search this
Occupation--Art--Artist  Search this
Portrait female--Child  Search this
Portrait female--Lili  Search this
Occupation--Domestic--Nursemaid  Search this
Control number:
IAP 88620027
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_358458

Marjorie and Berthe with Rooster, (painting)

Title:
Marjorie and Berthe Feed their Pet Rooster, (painting)
Painter:
MacMonnies, Frederick William 1863-1937  Search this
Subject:
MacMonnies, Berthe Helene (Betty)  Search this
MacMonnies, Marjorie  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Date:
Ca. 1903
Topic:
Portrait group--Family--Siblings  Search this
Portrait female--Child  Search this
Animal--Bird--Chicken  Search this
Control number:
IAP 88620060
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_358531

Berthe and Marjorie with their Doll, (painting)

Title:
Berthe and Marjorie, (painting)
Sewing for 'Titi-Dolly', (painting)
Painter:
MacMonnies, Frederick William 1863-1937  Search this
Subject:
MacMonnies, Berthe Helene (Betty)  Search this
MacMonnies, Marjorie  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Spanierman Gallery New York New York
Date:
1903
Topic:
Portrait female--Child  Search this
Object--Toy--Doll  Search this
Occupation--Domestic--Sewing  Search this
Control number:
IAP 88620062
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_358533

Madonna of Giverny, (painting)

Title:
Madonna and Children, (painting)
Giverny Madonna, (painting)
Madonna, (painting)
Virgin and Children, (painting)
Painter:
MacMonnies, Frederick William 1863-1937  Search this
Subject:
MacMonnies, Berthe Helene (Betty)  Search this
MacMonnies, Marjorie  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Metropolitan Museum of Art 5th Avenue at 82nd Street New York New York 10028
Date:
1901
Topic:
Religion--New Testament--Mary  Search this
Religion--New Testament--Christ  Search this
Portrait female--Child  Search this
Control number:
IAP 88620066
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_358537

Mrs. Frederick MacMonnies and Children in the Garden of Giverny, (painting)

Title:
Garden at Giverny, (painting)
Painter:
MacMonnies, Frederick William 1863-1937  Search this
Subject:
Low, Mary Fairchild  Search this
MacMonnies, Berthe Helene (Betty)  Search this
MacMonnies, Marjorie  Search this
Unidentified  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1901
Topic:
Landscape--France--Giverny  Search this
Landscape--Garden  Search this
Portrait group--Family--Mother & Child  Search this
Portrait female  Search this
Occupation--Art--Artist  Search this
Portrait female--Child  Search this
Portrait female--Lili  Search this
Occupation--Domestic--Nursemaid  Search this
Control number:
IAP 61021480
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_75198

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