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Washington -- Courtyard at Freer Gallery of Art

Donor:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Landscape architect:
Platt, Charles A. (Charles Adams), 1861-1933  Search this
Museum director:
Lodge, John Ellerton, 1876-1942  Search this
Landscape designer:
Watson, Phillip  Search this
Creator:
Sasaki Associates  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Slides (photographs)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Place:
United States of America -- District of Columbia -- Washington
General:
The Smithsonian Institution's first art museum, the Freer Gallery of Art, opened to the public on May 9, 1923. The building and its courtyard have an Italian Renaissance-style architecture focused on symmetry and simplicity. In the courtyard, loggias (covered open-air corridors) lie between the surrounding walls and an inner-perimeter of arches, which in turn have an inner-border of shade trees and lower plantings. Brick pavers and white marble paths lead to the courtyard's center - a granite fountain surrounded by a ring of Japanese boxwood.
In 1906, industrialist Charles L. Freer (1854-1919) donated to the Smithsonian Institution his collection of Asian and American art, including works by the American expatriate artist James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903). Freer's friend, the acclaimed architect and illustrator Charles A. Platt (1861-1933), designed the museum and courtyard to house Freer's collection. Builders broke ground in September 1916, but construction was then delayed due to World War I. Freer died in September 1919, and work on the gallery was finally completed later that year.
The courtyard's first walls were largely glass doors and windows, to allow air and light to enter. In 1928, the Freer Gallery's first curator, John E. Lodge, directed for some of the courtyard's brick and marble paving to be replaced with lawn, to diminish heat and glare in the galleries. Advances in indoor-climate technology and concern for artwork preservation later led to replacing many of the glass doors with white marble walls.
In 1988, Sasaki Associates, Inc. began an extensive renovation of the gallery, which included dismantling the courtyard and excavating two levels beneath it. This provided for more storage space and connected the Freer with the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, together forming a national museum of Asian art. When the courtyard was reinstalled, it was again paved with brick and white marble, with no lawn. Landscape designer Phillip Watson was in charge of the plantings. The gallery and courtyard reopened in 1993.
Peacocks were temporarily installed in the courtyard in the 1920s, and again when the gallery reopened in 1993. The birds were a living reference to the gallery's most famous work, Whistler's masterpiece of interior mural art, the Peacock Room (1876-77).
Plantings include Japanese maple (Acer palmatum 'Burgundy Lace'), Persian ironwoods (Parrotia persica), Japanese boxwoods (Buxus microphylla var. japonica 'Green Beauty'), cherry laurel (Prunus laurocerasus), and Hinoki cypress (Chamecyparis obtusa).
Persons associated with the garden include: Charles L. Freer (donor, 1906). Charles A. Platt (landscape architect, 1918). John E. Lodge (museum director, 1920-1942). Sasaki Associates, Inc. (landscape architecture firm, 1988-1993). Philip Watson (landscape designer, circa 1992).
Related Materials:
Courtyard at Freer Gallery of Art related holdings consist of 504 35mm slides (photographs), 6 photographic prints, negatives, and digital images
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher
Topic:
Gardens -- District of Columbia -- Washington  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Slides (photographs)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library, Archives of American Gardens, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAG.SGI, File SG004
See more items in:
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library
Smithsonian Gardens Image Library / Series 1: Garden Images / United States of America / District of Columbia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-sgi-ref7

Agency history, 1906-

Creator:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Platt, Charles A (Charles Adams) 1861-1933  Search this
Whistler, James McNeill 1834-1903  Search this
Hassam, Childe 1859-1935  Search this
Homer, Winslow 1836-1910  Search this
Thayer, Abbott Handerson 1849-1921  Search this
Dewing, Thomas Wilmer 1851-1938  Search this
Tryon, Dwight William 1849-1925  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus 1848-1907  Search this
Freer, Charles Lang 1856-1919  Search this
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Sackler, Arthur M  Search this
United States National Park Service  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Office of the Director  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston  Search this
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Quadrangle Building (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Place:
Middle East
Date:
1906
1906-
Topic:
Art  Search this
Architecture, Renaissance  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Art, Asian  Search this
Local number:
SIA AH00011
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_217772

Correspondence, 1924-2015

Creator:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Office of the Director  Search this
Subject:
Beach, Milo Cleveland  Search this
Lawton, Thomas 1931-  Search this
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Raby, Julian  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
Physical description:
10.75 cu. ft. unprocessed holdings
Type:
Brochures
Manuscripts
Compact discs
Pamphlets
Picture postcards
Date:
1924
1924-2015
Topic:
Art, Asian  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Art museum directors  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS00977
Restrictions & Rights:
Materials less than 15 years old Restricted. Contact reference staff for details
See more items in:
Correspondence 1924-2015 [Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Office of the Director]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_226668

Agency history, 1920-

Creator:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Office of the Director  Search this
Subject:
Raby, Julian  Search this
Dehejia, Vidya  Search this
Pope, John Alexander 1906-1982  Search this
Stern, Harold P  Search this
Lawton, Thomas 1931-  Search this
Beach, Milo Cleveland  Search this
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Wenley, A. G (Archibald Gibson) 1898-1962  Search this
Whistler, James McNeill 1834-1903  Search this
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Date:
1920
1920-
Topic:
Museum directors  Search this
Art, Asian  Search this
Local number:
SIA AH00303
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_227000

War Storage Records, 1941-1942

Creator:
Freer Gallery of Art Office of the Director  Search this
Subject:
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
United States National Resources Planning Board Committee on Conservation of Cultural Resources  Search this
Physical description:
.25 cu. ft. unprocessed holdings
Type:
Manuscripts
Pamphlets
Architectural drawings
Date:
1941
1941-1942
Topic:
Art museums  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS01053
See more items in:
War Storage Records 1941-1942 [Freer Gallery of Art Office of the Director]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_228117

Agency history, 1920-

Creator:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Curatorial - Japanese Art  Search this
Uniform title:
Birds, beasts, blossoms, and bugs: the nature of Japan (Monograph)  Search this
Subject:
Stern, Harold P  Search this
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Wenley, A. G (Archibald Gibson) 1898-1962  Search this
Yonemura, Ann 1947-  Search this
Shimizu, Yoshiaki 1936-  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Chief Curator  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Curatorial - Ceramics  Search this
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Office of the Director  Search this
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Date:
1920
1920-
Topic:
Art, Japanese  Search this
Art museum curators  Search this
Local number:
SIA AH00326
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_228170

Budget and Financial Records, circa 1919-2015

Creator:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Office of the Director  Search this
Subject:
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Wenley, A. G (Archibald Gibson) 1898-1962  Search this
Raby, Julian  Search this
Pope, John Alexander 1906-1982  Search this
Beach, Milo Cleveland  Search this
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Physical description:
4.5 cu. ft. unprocessed holdings
Type:
Books
Manuscripts
Compact discs
Electronic records
Date:
1919
1919-2015
circa 1919-2015
Topic:
Museum finance  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Budget process  Search this
Art museum directors  Search this
Endowments  Search this
Fund raising  Search this
Museums--Administration  Search this
Local number:
SIA RS01065
Restrictions & Rights:
Materials less than 15 years old Restricted. Contact reference staff for details
See more items in:
Budget and Financial Records circa 1919-2015 [Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Office of the Director]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_228199

Agency history, 1920-

Creator:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Curatorial - Chinese Art  Search this
Subject:
Cahill, James 1926-2014  Search this
So, Jenny F  Search this
Fu, Shen 1937-  Search this
Lovell, Hin-cheung  Search this
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Lawton, Thomas 1931-  Search this
Stuart, Jan 1955-  Search this
Wenley, A. G (Archibald Gibson) 1898-1962  Search this
Bishop, Carl Whiting 1881-1942  Search this
Chang, Joseph  Search this
Trousdale, William  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Office of the Director  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Chief Curator  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Curatorial - Ceramics  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Senior Research Scholar  Search this
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Date:
1920
1920-
Topic:
Art museum curators  Search this
Art, Chinese  Search this
Local number:
SIA AH00324
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_228200

Photographs, 1920s-1980s

Creator:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Cahill, James 1926-2014  Search this
Meyer, Agnes Elizabeth Ernst 1887-1970  Search this
Pope, John Alexander 1906-1982  Search this
Atıl, Esin  Search this
Ettinghausen, Richard  Search this
Lawton, Thomas 1931-  Search this
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Stern, Harold P  Search this
Wenley, A. G (Archibald Gibson) 1898-1962  Search this
Newmeyer, Sarah  Search this
Ripley, Mary Livingston  Search this
Akihito Emperor of Japan 1933-  Search this
Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah King of Nepal d. 1972  Search this
Ripley, S. Dillon (Sidney Dillon) 1913-2001  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Physical description:
1 linear meter
Culture:
Portraits  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1920
1920-1989
1920s-1980s
Local number:
SIA RU401004
Restrictions & Rights:
These records are located in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_217665

Smithsonian Institution Staff Meeting

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Schmitt, Waldo L (Waldo Lasalle) 1887-1977  Search this
True, Webster Prentiss b. 1892  Search this
Bassler, Ray S. (Ray Smith), b. 1878  Search this
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-  Search this
Abbot, C. G (Charles Greeley) b. 1872  Search this
Tolman, Ruel P (Ruel Pardee) 1878-1954  Search this
Gilmore, Charles W  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš  Search this
Collins, Henry Bascom 1899-  Search this
Swanton, John Reed 1873-1958  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody  Search this
Clark, Austin Hobart b. 1880  Search this
Friedmann, Herbert 1900-1987  Search this
Stejneger, Leonhard 1851-1943  Search this
Foshag, William F  Search this
Chapin, Edward Albert  Search this
Taylor, Frank A (Frank Augustus) 1903-2007  Search this
Mann, William M. 1886-1960  Search this
Corbin, William L  Search this
Hill, James H  Search this
Dorsey, Nicholas W  Search this
Bryant, Herbert S 1878-1950  Search this
Gunnell, Leonard C  Search this
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Johnston, Earl S  Search this
Judd, Neil Merton  Search this
Steward, Julian Haynes 1902-1972  Search this
Setzler, Frank M (Frank Maryl) 1902-1975  Search this
Miller, Gerrit S., Jr  Search this
Roberts, Frank H. H (Frank Harold Hanna) 1897-1966  Search this
Schultz, Leonard P (Leonard Peter) 1901-  Search this
Lewton, Frederick L  Search this
Mitman, Carl W  Search this
Resser, Charles Elmer 1889-1943  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Building (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Group, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Group, candid
Date:
1939
Topic:
Secretariats  Search this
Management--Museums  Search this
Krieger, Herbert W  Search this
Maxon, W. R  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Standard number:
94-12562
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_8173

Checking Statues into Patent Office Building

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Lodge, Henry Cabot 1850-1924  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts  Search this
National Museum of American Art (U.S.)  Search this
Patent Office Building (POB)  Search this
National Collections  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Person, candid
Date:
1967
Topic:
Johnston, William R  Search this
Libyan Sibyle  Search this
Statues  Search this
Museum registrars  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Standard number:
94-1516
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_8395

Smithsonian Institution Staff Meeting

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Schmitt, Waldo L (Waldo Lasalle) 1887-1977  Search this
True, Webster Prentiss b. 1892  Search this
Bassler, Ray S. (Ray Smith), b. 1878  Search this
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-  Search this
Abbot, C. G (Charles Greeley) b. 1872  Search this
Tolman, Ruel P (Ruel Pardee) 1878-1954  Search this
Gilmore, Charles W  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš  Search this
Collins, Henry Bascom 1899-  Search this
Swanton, John Reed 1873-1958  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody  Search this
Dorsey, Nicholas W  Search this
Clark, Austin Hobart b. 1880  Search this
Friedmann, Herbert 1900-1987  Search this
Stejneger, Leonhard 1851-1943  Search this
Foshag, William F  Search this
Chapin, Edward Albert  Search this
Taylor, Frank A (Frank Augustus) 1903-2007  Search this
Mann, William M. 1886-1960  Search this
Bryant, Herbert S 1878-1950  Search this
Gunnell, Leonard C  Search this
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Corbin, William L  Search this
Johnston, Mr  Search this
Judd, Neil Merton  Search this
Hill, James H  Search this
Steward, Julian Haynes 1902-1972  Search this
Setzler, Frank M (Frank Maryl) 1902-1975  Search this
Miller, Gerrit S., Jr  Search this
Roberts, Frank H. H (Frank Harold Hanna) 1897-1966  Search this
Schultz, Leonard P (Leonard Peter) 1901-  Search this
Lewton, Frederick L  Search this
Mitman, Carl W  Search this
Resser, Charles Elmer 1889-1943  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Building (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Group, candid; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Group, candid
Date:
1939
Topic:
Krieger, Herbert W  Search this
Maxon, W. R  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Secretariats  Search this
Management--Museums  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Standard number:
33719 or MNH-33719
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_9681

John Ellerton Lodge : first director of the Freer Gallery of Art / Thomas Lawton

Author:
Lawton, Thomas 1931-  Search this
Subject:
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Physical description:
p. 74-81 : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm
Type:
Articles
Date:
1998
Call number:
P -- Analytic
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_848503

Roji-shi no kotodomo

Title:
ロッチ氏の亊とも
Author:
Umehara, Sueji 1893-  Search this
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Physical description:
p. 29-41
Type:
Books
Date:
1947
Call number:
920.L6 U5
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_859613

John Ellerton Lodge (in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, from 1911 to 1931) / by Kojiro Tomita

Author:
Tomita, Kojiro 1890-1976  Search this
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Physical description:
3 p. ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Call number:
920 .L82
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_862094

John Ellerton Lodge : in memoriam (August 1, 1878-December 29, 1942)

Subject:
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Physical description:
[4] p. : port. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1943
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_955706

Freer Director Lodge Dies

Subject:
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
December 29, 1942
Topic:
Museum directors  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Field Work  Search this
Museums--Employees  Search this
Deaths  Search this
Management--Museums  Search this
Museums  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14539

John E. Lodge Appointed Freer Director

Subject:
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Date:
December 1920
Topic:
Art museum directors  Search this
Labor  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_262

Smithsonian Institution, Board of Regents, Minutes, 1927

Author:
Board of Regents  Search this
Subject:
Freer, Charles Lang 1854-1919  Search this
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Board of Regents  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages: 1; Page Numbers: 699
Type:
Board of Regents
Place:
Michigan
Date:
February 10, 1927
Topic:
Wills  Search this
Gifts  Search this
Bequest  Search this
Taxation--Law and legislation  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Art museum curators  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_3949

Smithsonian Institution, Board of Regents, Minutes, 1927

Author:
Board of Regents  Search this
Subject:
Freer, Charles Lang 1854-1919  Search this
Lodge, John Ellerton 1876-1942  Search this
Board of Regents  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages: 1; Page Numbers: 709
Type:
Board of Regents
Place:
Michigan
Date:
March 14, 1927
Topic:
Wills  Search this
Gifts  Search this
Bequest  Search this
Taxation--Law and legislation  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Art museum curators  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_3951

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