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MS 2000-18 Edward S. Curtis investigation of the Battle of Little Bighorn

Creator:
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Woodruff, Charles Albert, 1845-1920  Search this
Correspondent:
Leupp, Francis E. (Francis Ellington), 1849-1918  Search this
Names:
Curley  Search this
Custer, George Armstrong, 1839-1876  Search this
Reno, Marcus A. (Marcus Albert), 1835-1889  Search this
Two Moon, 1847-1917  Search this
White Man Runs Him, approximately 1855-1925  Search this
Extent:
25 Items (2.5 inches (1 document box)
Culture:
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Place:
Little Bighorn Battlefield (Mont.)
Date:
bulk 1905, 1907-1908
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains materials relating to Edward S. Curtis' 1907-1908 investigation into the Battle of Little Bighorn. The collection contains Curtis' notes; transcriptions of eyewitness accounts of Crow scouts Curley (as told to Chas. F. Roe, published in Army & Navy Journal, March 10, 1982) and White Man Runs Him and Cheyenne chief Two Moons; and letters from General Charles A. Woodruff, who was assigned by the U.S. Army to corroborate Curtis's findings in 1908. Also includes a 1905 letter from Francis E. Leupp, Comissioner of Indian Affairs, to Curtis
Biographical / Historical:
Edward Sheriff Curtis (1868-1952) was a photographer, known for his images of Native Americans and of the American West. In preparation for his volume on the Sioux for his 20 volume publication, The North American Indian, he investigated the details of the Battle of Little Bighorn, also known as Custer's Last Stand (June 25, 1876). He first visited the battleground in 1905 and interviewed many of the Sioux participants. He returned in 1907, and with the help of three Crow scouts who were with George Armstrong Custer that day, Curtis retraced Custer's steps on his final day. Curtis submitted a report to President Theodore Roosevelt and army officials, and upon their request, chose not to publish his findings out of deference to Custer's widow, who was alive at the time. Shortly before his death in 1952, Curtis passed on his manuscript to his son Harold with the request that he find a home for his papers. Thirty-six year later, shortly before his own death, Harold donated his father's manuscript to the National Museum of American History. Curtis' manuscript was later transferred to the National Anthropological Archives.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2000-18
Local Note:
See NAA vertical file under "Curtis, Edward S." for more information.
Topic:
Little Bighorn, Battle of the, Mont., 1876  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Manuscript 2000-18, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2000-18
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32d9d3a4d-36de-425d-be35-8c50cbc5eb83
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2000-18

Charlie Reynolds, Custer's Favorite Scout

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 1/2 in x 4 11/32 in; 16.51 cm x 10.9982 cm
Object Name:
photograph
Referenced:
United States: Montana, Little Bighorn
Associated date:
1876-06-25
Related event:
Battle of the Little Bighorn  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0311.45
Accession number:
2003.0311
Catalog number:
2003.0311.45
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-284e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_892646
Online Media:

General Custer, 7th Cavalry

Depicted (sitter):
Custer, George Armstrong  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 1/2 in x 4 11/32 in; 16.51 cm x 10.9982 cm
Object Name:
photograph
photograph
Referenced:
United States: Montana, Little Bighorn
Associated date:
1876-06-25
Related event:
Battle of the Little Bighorn  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0311.26
Accession number:
2003.0311
Catalog number:
2003.0311.26
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-2704-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_892624
Online Media:

Lt. Smith, 7th Cavalry

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 1/2 in x 4 11/32 in; 16.51 cm x 10.9982 cm
Object Name:
photograph
Referenced:
United States: Montana, Little Bighorn
Associated date:
1876-06-25
Related event:
Battle of the Little Bighorn  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0311.27
Accession number:
2003.0311
Catalog number:
2003.0311.27
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-af17-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_892625
Online Media:

Lt. Crittenden, 20th Infantry

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 1/2 in x 4 11/32 in; 16.51 cm x 10.9982 cm
Object Name:
photograph
Referenced:
United States: Montana, Little Bighorn
Associated date:
1876-06-25
Related event:
Battle of the Little Bighorn  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0311.28
Accession number:
2003.0311
Catalog number:
2003.0311.28
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-614a-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_892627
Online Media:

Lt. Harrington, 7th Cavalry

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 1/2 in x 4 11/32 in; 16.51 cm x 10.9982 cm
Object Name:
photograph
Referenced:
United States: Montana, Little Bighorn
Associated date:
1876-06-25
Related event:
Battle of the Little Bighorn  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0311.30
Accession number:
2003.0311
Catalog number:
2003.0311.30
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-af16-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_892629
Online Media:

Lt. Calhoun, 7th Cavalry

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 1/2 in x 4 11/32 in; 16.51 cm x 10.9982 cm
Object Name:
photograph
Referenced:
United States: Montana, Little Bighorn
Associated date:
1876-06-25
Related event:
Battle of the Little Bighorn  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0311.33
Accession number:
2003.0311
Catalog number:
2003.0311.33
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-2705-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_892633
Online Media:

Mr. and Mrs. Spotted Horn Bull

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 1/2 in x 4 1/4 in; 16.51 cm x 10.795 cm
Object Name:
photograph
Referenced:
United States: Montana, Little Bighorn
Associated date:
1876-06-25
Related event:
Battle of the Little Bighorn  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0311.34
Accession number:
2003.0311
Catalog number:
2003.0311.34
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-af18-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_892634
Online Media:

Lt. Hodgson, 7th Cavalry

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 1/2 in x 4 1/4 in; 16.51 cm x 10.795 cm
Object Name:
photograph
Referenced:
United States: Montana, Little Bighorn
Associated date:
1876-06-25
Related event:
Battle of the Little Bighorn  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0311.35
Accession number:
2003.0311
Catalog number:
2003.0311.35
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-2708-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_892635
Online Media:

Col. Keogh, 7th Cavalry

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 1/2 in x 4 1/4 in; 16.51 cm x 10.795 cm
Object Name:
photograph
Referenced:
United States: Montana, Little Bighorn
Associated date:
1876-06-25
Related event:
Battle of the Little Bighorn  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0311.36
Accession number:
2003.0311
Catalog number:
2003.0311.36
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-2709-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_892636
Online Media:

Col. Cook, 7th Cavalry

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 1/2 in x 4 11/32 in; 16.51 cm x 10.9982 cm
Object Name:
photograph
Referenced:
United States: Montana, Little Bighorn
Associated date:
1876-06-25
Related event:
Battle of the Little Bighorn  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0311.39
Accession number:
2003.0311
Catalog number:
2003.0311.39
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-284c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_892640
Online Media:

Comanche

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 1/2 in x 4 11/32 in; 16.51 cm x 10.9982 cm
Object Name:
photograph
Referenced:
United States: Montana, Little Bighorn
Related event:
Battle of the Little Bighorn  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0311.40
Accession number:
2003.0311
Catalog number:
2003.0311.40
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-6f41-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_892641
Online Media:

Col. Thomas Custer, 7th Cavalry

Depicted:
Custer, Thomas Ward  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 1/2 in x 4 1/4 in; 16.51 cm x 10.795 cm
Object Name:
photograph
Referenced:
United States: Montana, Little Bighorn
Associated date:
1876-06-25
Related event:
Battle of the Little Bighorn  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0311.41
Accession number:
2003.0311
Catalog number:
2003.0311.41
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b4-4310-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_892642
Online Media:

Lt. Sturgis, 7th Cavalry

Maker:
C. H. Wright & Co.  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6 1/2 in x 4 1/4 in; 16.51 cm x 10.795 cm
Object Name:
photograph
Referenced:
United States: Montana, Little Bighorn
Associated date:
1876-06-25
Related event:
Battle of the Little Bighorn  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0311.42
Accession number:
2003.0311
Catalog number:
2003.0311.42
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-bb39-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_892643
Online Media:

Copies of David F. Barry photographs of Plains Indians

Creator:
Barry, D. F. (David Francis), 1854-1934  Search this
Names:
Barry, D. F. (David Francis), 1854-1934  Search this
Buffalo Bill, 1846-1917  Search this
Curly, approximately 1856-1923  Search this
Custer, George Armstrong, 1839-1876  Search this
Low Dog (Dakota Oglala)  Search this
Rain in the Face, approximately 1835-1905  Search this
Red Cloud, 1822-1909  Search this
Running Antelope (Dakota Oglala)  Search this
Sitting Bull, 1831-1890  Search this
Spotted Tail, 1823-1881  Search this
Young Man Afraid of His Horse, ca. 1830-1900  Search this
Extent:
24 Copy prints
Culture:
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Photographs
Date:
circa 1870-1890
Scope and Contents note:
The collection is largely composed of photographs depicting Plains Indians, many of whom took part in the Battle of the Little Bighorn. Depicted individuals include Young Man Afraid of His Horse, Low Dog, Good Horse, Clear Eyes, Rain in the Face, Crow Flies High, Trail Hunter, Sitting Bull, Crow King, Red Cloud, White Faces, Running Antelope, Red Girl, Curly, John Grass, Gall, Spotted Tail, and a group of Ghost Dancers. There are also images of Barry, General Custer, the horse Comanche, and Buffalo Bill.
Biographical/Historical note:
David Frances Barry (1854-1934) was a photographer based in Bismarck, Dakota Territory, who is most noted for his photographs of famous American Indians. In 1878, he was hired by itinerant photographer O. S. Goff, with whom he eventually partnered. From 1878 to 1883, Barry traversed the Dakota Territory, making many of his most widely known photographs of American Indians, forts and battlefields, military officers, and other people in the region. In 1883, Barry opened a new studio in Bismarck, where he began photographing members of Cody's Wild West Show.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R81-71
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints made by Smithsonian Institution, 1981.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs by Barry, as well as originals of images in this collection, can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 80-18, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 90-1, MS 4559, and the BAE historical negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes only. Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Topic:
Comanche (Horse)  Search this
Little Bighorn, Battle of the, Mont., 1876  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot R81-71, Copies of David F. Barry photographs of Plains Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R81-71
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31387757f-7a51-4f08-9ac7-d3beb0000471
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r81-71

Comanche, survivor of the Custer Massacre

Creator:
Ramsour & Pennel  Search this
Names:
Comanche (Horse)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Allen, George V.  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (6.5 x 4.25 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Scope and Contents:
Comanche was the mount of Colonel Keough. The photograph was taken at Fort Riley, Kansas.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.09949900
Other Title:
"Comanche, the only surviving horse of the Custer Massacre"
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Little Bighorn, Battle of the, Mont., 1876  Search this
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 90-1, George V. Allen collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
George V. Allen photograph collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39ce85ac4-b99b-440a-a626-efe02047aa76
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-90-1-ref1720

"War horse, Comanche"

Creator:
Haynes, F. Jay (Frank Jay), 1853-1921  Search this
Names:
Comanche (Horse)  Search this
Collection Collector:
Allen, George V.  Search this
Extent:
1 Stereograph (7 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Stereographs
Scope and Contents:
This horse was the only horse to survive Custer's Massacre. The item is number 88(?) of the series Northern Pacific Views.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.09955300
Other Title:
Northern Pacific Views
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Little Bighorn, Battle of the, Mont., 1876  Search this
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 90-1, George V. Allen collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
George V. Allen photograph collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38a20a74d-3cd6-434a-9458-b0daf4e8c858
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-90-1-ref1774

Cemetery at Custer's battlefield

Creator:
Cross, W.R., of Hot Springs, South Dakota  Search this
Collection Collector:
Allen, George V.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (gelatin print, 8 x 10 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
The individual graves markers and the monument is in the view. Someone sits in a horse-drawn carriage beside the monument. The item is unnumbered but is part of the series Views of the Black Hills and in Montana.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.09962700
Other Title:
Views of the Black Hills and in Montana
"General George A. Custer and one troop of the 7th Cavalry, fell here, west side of ridge and monument, and three troops fell east and south side of ridge and monument, June 25th, 1876."
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Little Bighorn, Battle of the, Mont., 1876  Search this
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 90-1, George V. Allen collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
George V. Allen photograph collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31dc36835-46e9-47c9-850a-fd8396897145
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-90-1-ref1855

Bones at the Custer Battlefield

Creator:
Huffman, L. A. (Laton Alton), 1854-1931  Search this
Names:
Custer, George Armstrong -- Battlefield  Search this
Collection Collector:
Allen, George V.  Search this
Extent:
1 Stereograph (7 x 4 in.)
Culture:
American Indian  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Stereographs
Scope and Contents:
This view is of horse bones on the Custer Battlefield.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.09821400
Other Title:
"Where Custer fell, Custer Battleground"
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Little Bighorn, Battle of the, Mont., 1876  Search this
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 90-1, George V. Allen collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
George V. Allen photograph collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34b517151-e60f-4c80-ad71-9c70f7464381
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-90-1-ref515
Online Media:

Indian scout Curley by the Custer Monument

Creator:
Haynes, F. Jay (Frank Jay), 1853-1921  Search this
Names:
Curley, American Indian  Search this
Collection Collector:
Allen, George V.  Search this
Extent:
1 Stereograph (7 x 3.5 in.)
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Stereographs
Scope and Contents:
The item is part of the series Northern Pacific Views.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.09823000
Other Title:
Northern Pacific Views
Custer's battlefield
"Custer Monument - Scout Curley"
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Little Bighorn, Battle of the, Mont., 1876  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 90-1, George V. Allen collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
George V. Allen photograph collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw33897dcfb-49dd-43c9-859f-67ff1136fdbd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-90-1-ref531
Online Media:

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