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Mergenthaler Linotype Company Records

Creator:
Mergenthaler Linotype Co.  Search this
Extent:
108 Cubic feet (257 boxes, 1 map-folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Type specimens
Business records
Minutes
Brochures
Correspondence
Date:
1886-1997
Summary:
These records document primarily the history of typeface development at the Mergenthaler Linotype Company of Baltimore, Maryland. The company supplied most of the typesetting machines used in the printing industry, both in America and worldwide. As changing technology ended the usefulness of the linotype machine the company pioneered new computer-driven, photo typesetting machines.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the development of typefaces and contains some company business records, including reports, memoranda, correspondence, marketing materials, and other business papers; and typeface examples.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 13 series. The series level arrangement scheme was imposed during processing to facilitate a more usable order for the records. Several series documenting typeface were combined into a single series, Series 2: Typefaces.

In most instances, original folder titles were retained. In circumstances where there was no folder title, the processing archivist created one derived from the nature of the materials.

Series 1: Organizational Records, 1929-1997

Series 2: Office Files, 1908-1992

Series 3: Typefaces, 1904-1991

Subseries 3.1: Typefaces, 1923-1993

Subseries 3.2: Designers of Typeface, 1929-1987

Subseries 3.3: Technical Development of Typeface, 1933-1985

Subseries 3.4: Matrix Data for Typeface, 1923-1974

Subseries 3.5: Typographic Committee Meetings (Standards), 1984-1988

Series 4: Licensing Agreements, 1939-1988

Series 5: International Files, 1956-1989

Series 6: Correspondence and Inter-Office Memoranda, 1968-1994

Subseries 6.1: Domestic, 1968-1994 Subseries 6.2: Marketing, 1984-1993

Series 7: Variable Input Phototypesetter (VIP), 1970-1977

Series 8: Conferences, 1986-1993

Series 9: Executives' Records

Suberies 9.1: Brian Boyajian Files, 1989

Subseries 9.2: Bruce Brenner Files, 1981-1991

Subseries 9.3: Jackson Burke Files, 1956-1961

Subseries 9.4: Stephen "Steve" Byers Files, 1973-1995

Subseries 9.5: Ames Gutierrez Files, 1990-01-1991

Subseries 9.6: Karl Heidenreich Files, 1983

Subseries 9.7: Jürgen Krufcyzk Files, 1989-1990

Subseries 9.8: Franklin J. Lassman Files, 1984-1985

Subseries 9.9: Mike Parker Files, 1969-1981

Subseries 9.10: Ray Pell Files, 1982

Subseries 9.11: Günter Zorn Files, 1990-01-1990-12

Series 10: Sales Materials, 1886-1982

Series 11: Project Files, 1977-1987

Series 12: Xerox Corporation Materials, 1982-1989

Series 13: Adobe Systems Incorporated Materials, 1983-1993
Biographical:
Ottmar Mergenthaler (born May 11, 1854 in Hachtel (today: Bad Mergentheim), Kingdom of Württemberg; died October 28, 1899 in Baltimore, MD) was part of a large wave of German immigrants who sailed to the United States and settled in Baltimore between 1861 and 1910. He arrived in 1872, at eighteen years of age, and started working for his step-cousin August Hahl, who ran a workshop for electrical equipment and patent models. It was during Mergenthaler's time in Hahl's workshop that he first discovered his true passion: print technology. In 1885, thirteen years after landing in the United States, Mergenthaler was awarded a patent for a typesetting machine that eventually became known as the Linotype. The invention was the result of a decade of intense engagement with mechanized typesetting machines and the surrounding literature. The Linotype represented a major milestone in the history of printing, and, by extension, the larger history of Mergenthaler's time. His invention revolutionized the printing industry, making it possible to print faster and more efficiently than ever before. Ultimately, Mergenthaler's Linotype opened a new chapter in the history of mass communication and determined the path of the printing industry for the next century.

Mergenthaler Linotype Company was founded in the United States in 1886 to market the Linotype machine invented by Ottmar Mergenthaler.

Source

Tsaniou, Styliani. "Ottmar Mergenthaler." In Immigrant Entrepreneurship: German-American Business Biographies, 1720 to the Present, vol. 3, edited by Giles R. Hoyt. German Historical Institute. Last modified July 26, 2013. http://www.immigrantentrepreneurship.org/entry.php?rec=42
Related Materials:
Materials at the Smithsonian Institution

Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series: Printing and Printers

Smithsonian Institution Archives

Presentation of Mergenthaler Linotype Machine to the National Museum of History and Technology, now known as the National Museum of American History. (SIA Acc. 11-008 [OPA-1521])

Smithsonian Trade Literature Collection

Mergenthaler Linotype Company catalogs

National Postal Museum

Ottmar Mergenthaler, postage stamp, 1996. See 1997.2004.49.

Smithsonian American Art Museums

Ottmar Mergenthaler, sculpture, 1908. See IAS 08650110.

National Portrait Gallery

Ottmar Mergenthaler, sculpture, 1908. See NPG.79.77.

National Museum of African American History and Culture

Linotype Machine used by the Chicago Defender Publishing Company, 1902-1906. See NMAAHC-2012.18.

Materials at Other Organizations

University of Delaware Library, Special Collections Department

Mergenthaler Linotype Collection, 1881-1954

Eight linear feet of materials including letters, legal papers, and patents. The collection represents only a limited portion of the company's history.

University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center

Chauncey Hawley Griffith papers, 1903-1969, undated

Primarily of manuscript correspondence, drawings, and proofs that document typefaces designed and developed by Chauncey Hawley Griffith, William Addison Dwiggins, and Rudolph Ruzicka for the Mergenthaler Linotype Company in the early- to mid-twentieth century.

Syracuse University Libraries, Special Collections Research Center

William Addison Dwiggins Collection, 1927

Typewritten manuscript for an essay written by Dwiggins and related correspondence.

University of Maryland, Special Collections

William Addision Dwiggins Collection, 1902-1990

Includes over 130 volumes and over 30 pieces of ephemera documenting Dwiggins's design career, as well as works written about him.

New York Public Library, Manuscripts and Archives Division

Paul A. Bennett papers, 1925-1966

Personal and professional correspondence, research materials, typescripts of writings, and other papers relating to Bennett's career in advertising and his work with the Typophiles. Includes material relating to the Chap Book series, published by the Typophiles.
Separated Materials:
The Division of Culture and the Arts holds objects related to the Mergenthaler Linotype Company that include books, models, linofilm system, matrices, typecasting and typesetting machine, reports, and letters.

See accessions: 1981.1011; GA.22989; GA.22952; GA 22984; GA.22948; GA.22951; 22949; GA.22953; ZZ.RSN85692F20; GA.24877; GA.23057; GA.24582; 1979.0372.1; GA.22988; GA.22950; GA.17070; GA.22947; GA.22959; GA.22961; GA.22986; GA.22987; GA.22955.
Provenance:
Donated by Mergenthaler Linotype Company in 1998 and 1999.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Social Security numbers are present and have been rendered unreadable and redacted. Researchers may use the photocopies in the collection.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Typesetting  Search this
Printing -- History  Search this
Printing -- Instruments  Search this
Type designers  Search this
Typesetting machines  Search this
Linotype  Search this
Printing industry  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Genre/Form:
Type specimens
Business records -- 20th century
Minutes -- 20th century
Brochures -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 20th century
Citation:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company Records, 1886-1997, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0666
See more items in:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0666
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Printing and Printers

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
6.04 Cubic feet (consisting of 11.5 boxes, 1 folder, 9 oversized folders, 3 flat boxes (1 full, 2 partial), plus digital images of some collection material.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Legal documents
Print advertising
Business records
Correspondence
Invoices
Trade cards
Business cards
Business ephemera
Reports
Ephemera
Periodicals
Printed ephemera
Mail order catalogs
Advertising mail
Manufacturers' catalogs
Commercial catalogs
Catalogues
Proofs (printed matter)
Advertising fliers
Receipts
Letterheads
Illustrations
Publications
Advertisements
Sales catalogs
Catalogs
Commercial correspondence
Advertising cards
Advertising
Manuals
Trade catalogs
Business letters
Date:
1713-1993
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Accounting and Bookkeeping forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
The subject category Printing and Printers primarily represents material designed and created by printing companies, largely on the behalf of other companies. Additional material includes serial publications created by printers, the history of printing, biographical material about printers or typographical artists, as well as printing and engraving instructions.

Types of printmaking and printers in these records include stereotyping, electrotyping, planographs, typographs, linotypes, and monotypes.

No expansive documentation of any single printer company is represented within the records, and there is minimal breadth of material on specific subject areas within the printing field. However, business records, company histories, select historical overviews, and the cumulative examples of printers visual work may provide researchers with a broad overview of the printing industry as well as a visual sampling of the evolution of printing styles.
Arrangement:
Printing and Printers is arranged in three subseries. Records, advertising, and catalogues for proprietorships may be filed under either the first or last name of the individual, researchers should look in all applicable alphabetical folders.

Business Records and Marketing Material

Genre

Subject
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Printing and Printers is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Consumer goods -- Catalogs  Search this
Printing -- Instruments  Search this
Printing -- History  Search this
Printing -- Technique  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Printing  Search this
Printing presses  Search this
Linotype  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Patents  Search this
Wood-engraving  Search this
Printers -- United States  Search this
Engraving -- 19th century -- United States  Search this
Engraving -- History  Search this
Printing industry  Search this
Retail trade  Search this
Sales promotion  Search this
Genre/Form:
Legal documents
Print advertising
Business records
Correspondence
Invoices
Trade cards
Business cards
Business ephemera
Reports
Ephemera
Periodicals
Printed ephemera
Mail order catalogs
Advertising mail
Manufacturers' catalogs
Commercial catalogs
Catalogues
Proofs (printed matter)
Advertising fliers
Receipts
Letterheads
Illustrations
Publications -- Business
Advertisements
Sales catalogs
Catalogs
Commercial correspondence
Advertising cards
Advertising
Manuals
Trade catalogs
Publications
Business letters
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Printing and Printers, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Printing
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Printing and Printers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-printing
Online Media:

No.13, Roman

Object Name:
Matrices, Linotype
Associated Place:
United States: New York, Rochester
ID Number:
1993.0230.2291
Catalog number:
1993.0230.2291
Accession number:
1993.0230
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-0dfc-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_886512

Caledonia Bold With Italic And Small Caps

Maker:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company  Search this
Object Name:
Matrices, Linotype
Associated Place:
United States: New York, Rochester
ID Number:
1993.0230.0212
Catalog number:
1993.0230.0212
Accession number:
1993.0230
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-f91e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_884434

Cheltenham With Italic And Small Caps

Maker:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company  Search this
Object Name:
Matrices, Linotype
Associated Place:
United States: New York, Rochester
ID Number:
1993.0230.0364
Catalog number:
1993.0230.0364
Accession number:
1993.0230
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-1361-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_884586

Clearface Bold

Maker:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company  Search this
Object Name:
Matrices, Linotype
Associated Place:
United States: New York, Rochester
ID Number:
1993.0230.0491
Catalog number:
1993.0230.0491
Accession number:
1993.0230
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-0de8-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_884713

Cloister With Italic And Small Caps

Maker:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company  Search this
Object Name:
Matrices, Linotype
Associated Place:
United States: New York, Rochester
ID Number:
1993.0230.0497
Catalog number:
1993.0230.0497
Accession number:
1993.0230
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-0dee-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_884719

Corona With Italic And Small Caps

Maker:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company  Search this
Object Name:
Matrices, Linotype
Associated Place:
United States: New York, Rochester
ID Number:
1993.0230.0541
Catalog number:
1993.0230.0541
Accession number:
1993.0230
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-048f-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_884763

Elzevir With Cheltenham Bold

Maker:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company  Search this
Object Name:
Matrices, Linotype
Associated Place:
United States: New York, Rochester
ID Number:
1993.0230.0691
Accession number:
1993.0230
Catalog number:
1993.0230.0691
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-fc36-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_884913

Estienne With Italic And Small Caps (England)

Maker:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company  Search this
Object Name:
Matrices, Linotype
Associated Place:
United States: New York, Rochester
ID Number:
1993.0230.0736
Accession number:
1993.0230
Catalog number:
1993.0230.0736
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-e526-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_884958

Gothic No.40 (Figures)

Maker:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company  Search this
Object Name:
Matrices, Linotype
Associated Place:
United States: New York, Rochester
ID Number:
1993.0230.1088
Accession number:
1993.0230
Catalog number:
1993.0230.1088
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-f61e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_885309

Granjon With Granjon Bold

Maker:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company  Search this
Object Name:
Matrices, Linotype
Associated Place:
United States: New York, Rochester
ID Number:
1993.0230.1145
Accession number:
1993.0230
Catalog number:
1993.0230.1145
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-1f21-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_885366

Metroblack No.2 Italic

Maker:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company  Search this
Object Name:
Matrices, Linotype
Associated Place:
United States: New York, Rochester
ID Number:
1993.0230.1396
Catalog number:
1993.0230.1396
Accession number:
1993.0230
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-0d17-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_885617

Metrothin

Maker:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company  Search this
Object Name:
Matrices, Linotype
Associated Place:
United States: New York, Rochester
ID Number:
1993.0230.1449
Accession number:
1993.0230
Catalog number:
1993.0230.1449
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-02a9-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_885670

Optima Medium With Black

Maker:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company  Search this
Object Name:
Matrices, Linotype
Associated Place:
United States: New York, Rochester
ID Number:
1993.0230.1744
Catalog number:
1993.0230.1744
Accession number:
1993.0230
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-1414-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_885965

Scotch With Italic And Small Caps

Maker:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company  Search this
Object Name:
Matrices, Linotype
Associated Place:
United States: New York, Rochester
ID Number:
1993.0230.1861
Catalog number:
1993.0230.1861
Accession number:
1993.0230
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-260f-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_886082

Spartan Book With Italic And Small Caps

Maker:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company  Search this
Object Name:
Matrices, Linotype
Associated Place:
United States: New York, Rochester
ID Number:
1993.0230.1926
Catalog number:
1993.0230.1926
Accession number:
1993.0230
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-171f-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_886147

Title No.5

Maker:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company  Search this
Object Name:
Matrices, Linotype
Associated Place:
United States: New York, Rochester
ID Number:
1993.0230.2084
Accession number:
1993.0230
Catalog number:
1993.0230.2084
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-edaa-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_886306

Title No.5 With Title No.7 Italic

Maker:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company  Search this
Object Name:
Matrices, Linotype
Associated Place:
United States: New York, Rochester
ID Number:
1993.0230.2086
Accession number:
1993.0230
Catalog number:
1993.0230.2086
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-edab-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_886307

Title No.2, Italic (Advertising Figures)

Maker:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company  Search this
Object Name:
Matrices, Linotype
Associated Place:
United States: New York, Rochester
ID Number:
1993.0230.2094
Accession number:
1993.0230
Catalog number:
1993.0230.2094
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-eef8-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_886315

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