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Manchester Village -- Hildene

Former owner:
Lincoln, Robert Todd  Search this
Owner:
Friends of Hildene, Inc.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
18 35mm slides and 1 file folder including two brochures and copies of articles. Images 001-006 are copies of circa 1910 orignals from the Friends of Hildene, Inc. Images 007-014 are from 1987, photographer unknown.
Related Materials:
See the archives of the Friends of Hildene, Inc. for photographs, written documents, letters and bills for estate work.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Vermont -- Manchester  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VT004
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Vermont
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32622

Manchester Village -- Hildene

Former owner:
Lincoln, Robert Todd  Search this
Architect:
Shepley, Rutan & Coolidge  Search this
Landscape architect:
Todd, Frederick G., 1876-1948  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
2 Slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
Hildene (Manchester Village, Vermont)
United States of America -- Vermont -- Bennington County -- Manchester
General:
Postcards circa 1907-1945.
Varying Form:
Also known as the Robert Todd Lincoln Estate.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Vermont -- Manchester  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Habitations and other structures -- summer home  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Driveways  Search this
Woodlands  Search this
Georgian Revival  Search this
Garden walks  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File VT004
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / Vermont
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1800

Lincoln and Family [2814]

Artist:
Currier & Ives Lithography Company, active 1857 - 1907  Search this
Sitter:
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln, 13 Dec 1818 - 16 Jul 1882  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln, 1 Aug 1843 - 25 Jul 1926  Search this
Thomas Lincoln, 4 Apr 1853 - 15 Jul 1871  Search this
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865  Search this
Medium:
Lithograph
Dimensions:
Image: 20.5 × 31.7 cm (8 1/16 × 12 1/2")
Sheet: 32 × 43 cm (12 5/8 × 16 15/16")
Type:
Print
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
1867
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Flower\Flowers  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Flower\Flowers  Search this
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Container\Vase  Search this
Interior\Domestic  Search this
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln: Female  Search this
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\First Lady\First Lady of US  Search this
Thomas Lincoln: Male  Search this
Thomas Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Male  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Male  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Military\Soldier  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Crafts and Trades\Boat builder  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Kiplinger Family
Object number:
NPG.2018.127
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4370b3ca3-4fcd-4f99-9f07-56f9d1565f78
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2018.127

Pullman Palace Car Company Photographs

Creator:
Pullman Palace Car Co.  Search this
Donor:
Pullman-Standard  Search this
Names:
Lincoln, Robert Todd  Search this
Pullman, George M., 1831-1897  Search this
Extent:
128.5 Cubic feet (147 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Date:
circa 1882-1955
Summary:
Collection consists of approximately 13,500 images (original photographs, copy prints, and film and glass plate negatives) for freight, passenger, private, and street and rapid transit cars manufactured by the Pullman Palace Car Company. The collection contains primarily early railroad Americana, including interior and exterior views of private and business cars as well as passenger and street cars. The collection is an important part of the historical record of the railroad car-building industry as well as the history of architecture and interior design.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of approximately 13,500 images (original photographs, copy prints, and film and glass plate negatives) for freight, passenger, private, and street and rapid transit cars manufactured by the Pullman Palace Car Company. The collection contains primarily interior and exterior views of private and business cars as well as passenger and street cars. The collection is an important part of the historical record of the railroad car-building industry as well as the history of architecture and interior design. Historians, designers, railroad enthusiasts, model railroad hobbyists, scholars, and others will find this collection useful.

The glass plate negatives in this collection were produced using the wet collodion process, which was introduced to the United States in 1855 and used into the 1880s. The plates were coated with chemicals, sensitized, exposed and developed, all while the plate was wet. Later, Pullman photographers used the dry collodion process. This process involved using glass plates with a photographic emulsion of silver halides suspended in gelatin. This process had shorter exposure times.

George Pullman assembled a variety of photographers to document his company's work. The photography was primarily used as a record of work, especially for the Operating Department and Manufacturing Department at Pullman, as well as for prospective corporate customers.

Before establishing an in-plant photographic department in 1888, Pullman relied on local photographers. Some of the photographers included John Jex Bardwell, Wylie Dennison, Henry R. Koopman, J. W. Taylor, Thomas S. Johnson, Wylie Dennison, John P. Van Vorst, Clayton Ford Smith, Joseph McAllister, Melvin C. Horn, Ernie Stutkus, and Donald J. O'Barski. Many of the photographers signed the glass plates using their initials. For example, John P. Van Vorst signed his J.P.V.V.

Photography of Pullman activities began in the Detroit Shops (property of the Detroit Car & Manufacturing Co. which was purchased by Pullman in 1873 and operated as the Detroit Shops of Pullman) in the 1870s and expanded to include photographing the town of Pullman, steel car construction, shop accidents, workers, panoramic views, and in some instances, for company publications. In-plant photography was started with Wylie Dennison in 1888. Dennison was the first full-time Pullman photographer, and he created the Pullman Photographic Department. Dennison instituted the practice of recording each photograph, noting the negative number, description of the car, the type of view (typically one interior view and one exterior view) and lot number. All of Dennison's photography was done outside in the daylight.

The negative numbers assigned to the glass plates were identified with a "lot" number. The lot number identified the production order, and in later years, the plan number was added, designating the layout of the car. Photographing one car out of each new lot was the intital practice, but over-time, the Photographic Department began taking six or more views of the interior and exterior as well as end views.

Lot numbers include:

Lots 1 - 500 (Pullman Car Works - Chicago)

Lots 1 - 500 (Detroit Car Works)

Lots 500 plus (can be freight and passenger mixed)

Lots 1000 to 4999 (Pullman passenger equipment)

Lots 5000 to 5999 (Pullman freight equipment)

Lots 5000 + Haskell and Barker (Pullman overlap)

Lots 6000 to 7000+ (Pullman and P-S passenger)

Lots 8000 to 9999 (Pullman freight equipment)

Lots 10000+ (Pullman freight equipment)

Series 1, Original prints, circa 1880-1949, are arranged numerically by Pullman numbers. The original prints begin with number 7343 and end with number 33091. The photographs document Pullman cars, including freight, passenger, private, and street railway/rapid transit. Many of the images depict interior views of the cars, and there are some views of porters and passengers. There is some documentation of the workmen constructing the cars. The prints are primarily 8" by 10" black-and-white and were originally bound into books and backed on linen. The prints were unbound at some time. Many of the original prints bear an embossed stamp "Built by Pullman Car and Manufacturing Corporation Chicago." Some photographs are sepia-tone and there are no negatives for these prints.

Series 2, Copy prints, 1885-1955, consists of prints made from the glass plate negatives by the Smithsonian photographic services office. The copy prints were originally stored in loose binders but were re-housed into folders and arranged numerically according to the original Pullman Company number. The number is typically found in the lower right corner of the image. The copy prints are black-and-white and are either 5" x 7" or 8" x 10".

Series 3, Film negatives, 1917-1955, consists of film negatives (4" x 5" and 8" x 10") that are arranged numerically by Pullman numbers. In some instances, information on the enclosure includes the type of car (e.g. sleeper, freight), the name of the car if applicable, name of railroad company, geographical information, and date(s). In some instances, "repro," or "broken glass" are recorded. For negatives that did not conform to the Pullman numbering system, the container list provides additional information. For example, Haskell and Barker Car Company (Haskell and Barker merged with the Pullman Company in 1922) machine shop views, or Pullman cars in St. Paul, Minnesota are recorded in the collection inventory listing.

Series 4, Glass plate negatives, [circa 1882-1948], is divided into two subseries, Subseries 1, 6" x 8" negatives and Subseries 2, 8" x 10" negatives. The series consists of approximately 13,500 glass plate negatives arranged by Pullman Company negative number. The negatives document primarily Pullman cars, including freight, passenger, private and street railway/rapid transit. Many of the images depict interior and exterior views of the cars and some views of porters and passengers. The interior views include details such as seating, window treatments, lighting fixtures, bathroom fixtures, wood paneling, marquetry work, fabrics, floor treatments, and other furnishings. There is some documentation of the construction of the cars by workmen in the factory.

The negative numbers and lot numbers are etched on the glass plates. Overall the series is in good condition, although there are some broken plates which have been separated. The negatives are not inclusive and some plates are missing, or there are two copies. If plates are missing or additional copies exist, this is noted in the collection inventory. In some instances, plates are labeled 3937 and then 3937-A. This numbering distinguished two different views/angles of the same car.

Many of the envelope enclosures contain the negative number, sometimes preceed by the letter "P" (e.g. P9597), lot number (L4700), and in some instances, text describing the negative. Text typically includes the type of car (sleeper, freight), the name of the car if applicable, name of railroad company, geographical information, and date(s). If a copy print was created from the negative plate, the enclosure is stamped "printed." However, this practice was not consistent. Plates that were not printed are occasionally noted, but not with any consistency.

The 6" by 8" glass plates numbered 82-4130 to 82-4167, represent numbers assigned by the Office of Photographic Services, Smithsonian Institution. Previously labeled "Pullman" on the enclosures, the plates primarily document engines and passenger cars for the New York, New Haven, & Hartford Railroad, 1870-1890 and undated. The plates do not have Pullman negative numbers etched in the lower left or right corners and it is unclear if these plates belong to this collection.

Series 5, Indices, 1990 and undated include bound, typescript indices to the Pullman negatives. Created by the National Museum of American History, Division of Transportation (now known as the Division of Work and Industry), the indices include listings by railroad, private cars, freight cars, street cars and rapid transit, and Pullman negatives. The indices provide the name of the railroad/railway (e.g. Chicago & Alton), type of car (e.g. coal car or box car), number, lot, remarks (e.g. baggage area), year, type of view (e.g. exterior or interior) and frame number (for the laser disc).

One index is a supplemental guide listing sepia tone prints for which no negative exists in our collection. The indices for the negative listings on laser discs one and two are available. However, the actual lasers discs are missing.

References

Horn, Don. "The Pullman Photographers," Railroad Heritage, No. 7, 2003, pp. 5-13.

Arnold, Rus. "This Negative File was a Sleeper." Technical Photography. May 1970, pp. 21-XX.

Pullman State Historic Site, http://www.pullman-museum.org/theCompany/timeline.html (last accessed April 18, 2011)
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into five series.

Series 1, Original prints, 1904-1949

Series 2, Copy prints, 1885-1955

Series 3, Film negatives, undated

Series 4, Glass plate negatives, circa 1882-1948

Series 5, Indices, 1990 and undated
Biographical / Historical:
Recognizing a market for luxurious rail travel, George M. Pullman, who had earlier experimented with sleeping car construction and was wealthy from the provisioning and transporting of Colorado miners in the early 1860s, incorporated the Pullman's Palace Car Company in 1867. By the 1870s his operations were already national and included the operation of sleeping cars under contract with the nation's railroads, the manufacture of cars at the Detroit Works, and the creation of subsidiary firms serving Great Britain and Europe. In the three decades before the turn of the century, the prosperous company grew enormously and included a much heralded model company town adjacent to the new car works at Pullman, Illinois. Acclaim turned to condemnation following the nationwide strike that originated at the Pullman Car Works in 1894. Pullman died in 1897, two years before his company absorbed its last major competitor, the Wagner Palace Car Company, which had been financed by the Vanderbilts.

The Pullman's Palace Car Company entered the twentieth century with a new name, the Pullman Company, and a new president, Robert Todd Lincoln. An extremely profitable virtual monopoly, the Pullman Company began replacing its wood cars with safer all steel bodied models (heavyweights) in its newly segregated manufacturing department and at the same time (1906) came under the regulation of the Interstate Commerce Commission. From 1918 to 1920, the United States Railroad Administration, citing the war emergency, assumed control of the operating arm of the firm, renamed the Pullman Car Lines for the duration of federal control.

The Pullman Company reached its peak during the 1920s, manufacturing new heavyweight cars at a rapid pace. Seeking to expand its freight car production, Pullman merged with the Haskell and Barker Car Company in 1922. Edward F. Carry and his Haskell and Barker associates assumed the presidency and other executive positions in the enlarged Pullman Company. More reorganization took place in 1924, when the Pullman Company Manufacturing Department became a distinct firm, the Pullman Car and Manufacturing Corporation, and in 1927, when a parent or holding company, Pullman Incorporated, was created to oversee the two subsidiary firms. In 1929, following Carry's death, President David A. Crawford engineered the merger of the Pullman Car and Manufacturing Corporation with the Standard Steel Car Company, forming the Pullman-Standard Car Manufacturing Company.

During the first three decades of the twentieth century Pullman sought to impede the unionization of its workers by offering new benefits, including a pension plan in 1914, a death benefit plan in 1922, and a plan of group insurance in 1929. F. L. Simmons' Industrial Relations Department, created in 1920, also directed the formation of company-sponsored occupationally-based unions under the plan of employee representation. A. Philip Randolph's Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and other unions would not successfully organize company workers until the New Deal Railway Labor Act of 1934 forbade corporate interference in union matters. The Depression marked the end of Pullman prosperity. Both the number of car orders and sleeping car passengers declined precipitously. The firm laid off car plant and service workers, reduced fares, and introduced such innovations as the single occupancy section in an effort to fill its cars. During this decade the firm built fewer new cars, but it added air conditioning to its existing heavyweights and remodeled many into compartment sleepers.

In 1940, just as orders for lightweight cars were increasing and sleeping car traffic was growing, the United States Department of Justice filed an anti-trust complaint against Pullman Incorporated in the U. S. District Court at Philadelphia (Civil Action No. 994). The government sought to separate the company's sleeping car operations from its manufacturing activities. In 1944 the court concurred, ordering Pullman Incorporated to divest itself of either the Pullman Company (operating) or the Pullman-Standard Car Manufacturing Company (manufacturing). After three years of negotiations, the Pullman Company was sold to a consortium of fifty-seven railroads for around forty million dollars. Carroll R. Harding was named president of this new Pullman Company. The new Pullman Company started out optimistically in 1947 with good passenger traffic figures, but the years following brought steady and marked decline. Regularly scheduled lines were cancelled; all shops except St. Louis and Chicago were closed; employees were furloughed, and major railroad owners such as the New York Central and Pennsylvania Railroad totally or partially withdrew from service. On January 1, 1969, at the age of 102, the Pullman Company ceased operation, though it maintained a small central office staff to wind up affairs and handle an equal pay-for-equal-work lawsuit (Denver Case) that continued in the courts until 1981.

John H. White (1933-), historian and curator, collected the Pullman photographs in 1969. White was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, and graduated with a bachelors of arts in history from Miami University Ohio in 1958. Shortly after receiving his degree, He joined the staff of the Smithsonian Institution as Assistant Curator of the Division of Transportation, Department of Science and Technology, Museum of History and Technology. White later became Associate Curator of the Division, 1961-1966, Curator, 1967-1985, and Senior Historian, 1986-1989. White specialized in land transportation, particularly the history of railroads.

White worked closely with Arthur Detmers Dubin (1923-) to acquire the Pullman photographs for the museum. Dubin was an avid train enthusiast and collector, and he frequently used the Pullman "archives" for his own research on railroads. Dubin was born in Chicago, Illinois and began his architectural education at the University of Michigan in 1941 but his education was interrupted by World War II, and he served with distinction in the United States Army until 1946. After completing his studies in 1949, Dubin joined his father's and uncle's architectural firm, Dubin and Dubin, as a second--eneration architect. The leadership of the firm soon passed to Arthur and his brother, Martin David, and in 1965 they were joined by John Black and in 1966 by John Moutoussamy. Arthur's life--ong interest in trains and transportation and their implications for architecture is evident in transit stations commissions and service on transportation--elated advisory boards (Dubin was a member of the Illinois Railroad Commission), as well as in his writings and personal collections.

In July, 1966, Dubin contacted then Vice President of Public Relations at Pullman-Standard E. Preston Calvert about the history and future of the photographic negative plates. Dubin appealed to Calvert to preserve these materials. Dubin and White were also in contact by correspondence and in June, 1967, White contacted Calvert also, stating that the Chicago Historical Society or Illinois State Historical Society should be offered the plates as a first option. Failing a local Illinois repository accepting the materials, White indicated that the Smithsonian would accept the negatives.

During the spring of 1968, White, working with Dubin and Nora Wilson, editor of the company's publications, coordinated a visit by White to Chicago to examine the photographic negatives at the Pullman Car Works factory in south Chicago. In April 1968, White examined the vast collection of glass plate negatives (approximately 20,000). From April, 1968 to August, 1969, Pullman-Standard and the Smithsonian negotiated acquisition details, including shipping and related costs. In August, 1969, White returned to complete the task of sorting the glass plates, discarding broken plates, and weeding repetitive views. He selected approximately 13,500 glass plates. Views of Pullman towns were donated to the Chicago Historical Society. Dubin appraised the photographic plates and film negatives, presumably on behalf of Pullman-Standard, and estimated the plates to be worth between $54,000 and $67,500 dollars.

References

Historical note courtesy Martha T. Briggs and Cynthia H. Peters, Guide to Pullman Company Archives, The Newberry Library, Chicago, 1995.

Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago Area Architects Oral History Project http://www.artic.edu/aic/resources/resource/734?search_id=1 (last accessed on February 23, 2011)

John H. White papers, 1959-1989, Record Unit 007384, Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C.

Telephone conversation of Alison Oswald, archivist, with John H. White, April 14, 2011.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Pullman Palace Car Company Materials, 1867-1979 (AC0181)

John H. White, Jr. Railroad Reference Collection, 1880s-1990 (AC0523)

Materials in Other Organizations

•Art Institute of Chicago

•Bombardier Corporation

•California State Railroad Museum

•Chicago History Museum

•Arthur Dubin Collection at Lake Forest College

•Illinois Railway Museum

•Indiana University Northwest's Calumet Regional Archives

Pullman-Standard Railroad Car Manufacturing Company Personnel Records—Personnel Record Series CRA 314 This index of employee names was created from the original personnel cards housed at Indiana University Northwest's Calumet Regional Archives from the Indiana locations. Although the records are not complete from the Michigan City plant for the entire period from 1912 to the 1970's, there may be information that will assist researchers with finding key details of a family member. The Hammond Pullman plant was merged with the Haskell Barker Company of Michigan City in 1922.

•Newberry Library, Chicago

The Pullman Company archives at the Newberry Library consists of 2,500 cubic feet of records from the Pullman Company and Pullman heirs. The collection is comprised of business archives of the Pullman Palace Car Company from 1867 and includes records of the entire firm up to the 1924 split into operating (sleeping car operation, service, and repair) and manufacturing companies. From 1924 to 1981 the records chronicle the activities of the operating company only.

•Pennsylvania State Archives

•Pullman State Historic Site

•Pullman Technology (Harvey, Illinois)

•Smithsonian Institution Archives

•South Suburban Genealogical & Historical Society (South Holland, Illinois)
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Pullman-Standard Company, through Nora Wilson, editor of employee publications for the Department of Public Relations and Advertising, on October 8, 1969.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the negatives are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Special arrangements required to view original glass plate and film negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Freight cars  Search this
Railroads -- Dining-car service  Search this
Roomette car  Search this
Hospital cars  Search this
Dining cars  Search this
Hotel car  Search this
Sleeping cars (Railroads)  Search this
Local transit  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass plate negatives
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film -- 1890-1900
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film -- 1900-1950
Citation:
Pullman Palace Car Company Photographs, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1175
See more items in:
Pullman Palace Car Company Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1175
Online Media:

Pullman Palace Car Company Collection

Creator:
Pullman Palace Car Co.  Search this
Pullman, George M., 1831-1897  Search this
Names:
Lincoln, Robert Todd  Search this
Extent:
8 Cubic feet (11 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Correspondence
Drawings
Date:
1867-1982
bulk 1900-1930
Summary:
Records of the Pullman Company, manufacturers and operators of railroad sleeping cars. Pullman also manufactured hospital and dining cars at its Chicago facilities. Dating from 1867 to 1982 (bulk 1900-1930s), the collection includes background materials, correspondence, financial, personnel and operating records, drawings and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of materials from 1867-1982 (bulk 1900-1930s), and includes background materials, correspondence, financial records, operating records, personnel records, drawings, and photographs. Of note is the documentation of hospital cars and instructions for porters. The collection is not a complete record of the Pullman Palace Car Company's activities.

Series 1, Historical Background, 1867-1982, contains newspaper clippings and articles about the Pullman Palace Car Company and George Pullman. Also included is a 318-page typescript titledThe History of the Sleeping Car 1923, by Charles S. Sweet; documentation on how Pullman cars were named; and other histories of the Pullman Company including its hospital cars and maquetry design.

Series 2, Correspondence, 1912-1960, consists primarily of documentation about the sale of cars and equipment by Pullman Palace Car Company to specific railroad companies. The correspondence details the cost per car and in some instances, leasing costs, operating costs, and other relevant statistical and financial information about the transactions. There is some consolidated data on cars sold to the railroads as well as summary data on the type of car sold, name of car, selling price, purchasers, and the date the sale was approved. The correspondence is organized chronologically within Pullman Company correspondence wrappers which were used to maintain the correspondence in a uniform manner and in consecutive date order.

Correspondence about hospital cars contains information on the rental of Pullman cars to the United States government as well as letters discussing specifications for building hospital unit cars for the United States Army. There is one folder of miscellaneous correspondence with individuals seeking copies of photographs from the company and/or offering their historical writings about the company.

Series 3, Financial Records, 1875-1930, consists primarily of details of cost documentation created by the Pullman Company's Manufacturing Department. The cost sheets are arranged chronologically and represent an itemized financial breakdown of costs by material, labor, extra equipment, sundries, and recapitulation for a variety of Pullman cars. The cover sheet for work orders notes the lot number, plan number, type of Pullman car (e.g. baggage, parlor, private) being manufactured or serviced/repaired, to whom the order belongs, and associated dates. For example, one private, steel car for Mr. D. J. Reid or general service parlor car for Southern Railway.

Series 4, Operating Records, 1875-1972, consists of records used by the company for daily operations, particularly instructions for porters as well as repair logbooks, volumes detailing car building completion, published supplements noting specific changes to cars, correspondence, reports, newspaper clippings, and lists of cars built by Pullman and cars withdrawn from service. Also included is the Illustrations Accompanying the Report of the Engineer-in-chief, H.C. Mais, on Observations on Railways Made During His Tour in 1883. Henry Coathupe Mais (1827-1916) was an English born civil engineer who spent most of his career in Australia. Mais toured railways and other works in Europe and America. His lengthy report with many detailed illustrations was printed in 1884 as a parliamentary paper. Some report pages were moldy and have been separated. These pages include: the index, pages 1-7; page 58; and pages 98-111.

The reports found in the "general file" include Sleeping, Parlor and Lounge Equipment (1945) and Pullman Passenger Survey A Continuing Study--Part II, (1955). The latter report by McFarland, Aveyard and Company studied attitudes and opinions of Pullman passengers. There is a typescript of a presentation made by George W. Bohannan of the Pullman Company to the American Association of Passenger Traffic Officers (1964).

The records documenting the completion of cars are bound volumes arranged chronologically. The volumes detail lot number, plan numbers, date of order, type of car, account name, date of delivery, destination route, estimate price, cost price, and contract price. In some instances, new information was glued or taped into the volume. The repair books capture the date, name of car, yard, name of porter, and date shipped.

Series 5, Personnel Records, 1873-1979, includes a payroll list for the General Ticket Department, 1876; instructions for passengers with cholera, 1873; reward notices for an 1878 robbery; instructional manuals for Pullman porters; photographs of Pullman Company employees working, and general correspondence, 1896-1979; ancedotes about Pullman porters; an obituary for George Arthur Kelly, an executive vice president for the Pullman Company; articles and newspaper clippings about porters and conductors, particularly the Society for the Prevention of Calling Pullman Car Porters "George." Started in 1916, the Society for the Prevention of Calling Pullman Car Porters "George" was founded by George W. Dulany, Jr., an Iowa lumber merchant. Dulany organized the society for fun after hearing passengers call every porter George. The society became a hobby and there were no meetings, dues, or activities associated with his work. Dulany's campaign was solely to have passengers use a porter's correct name or simply call them "porter."

Series 6, Drawings, 1907-1939 and undated, contains bound volumes arranged chronologically of records of tracings of drawings for Pullman cars. The volumes detail the negative number, date, type of car, job number, and remarks.

Series 7, Photographs, 1932-1950s and undated, consists primarily of black-and-white copy prints (8" x 10") documenting employees, especially porters, passengers, and hospital cars. Many of the hospital cars depict both the exterior and interior, but none with patients. The passenger photographs are almost exclusively interior images of persons dining, sleeping, playing cards, and in general seating areas. The Southern Pacific dining car photographs are original prints and bear the Pullman Car Company embossed stamp and unique number. This range of photographs is (Pullman photograph #32867 to #32873) and the images depict exterior and interior views of the dining cars. There is one album of ninety-nine photographs taken by Ricardo Villalba (active 1860-1880) in Peru. The album was made for W.W. Evans, Esquire in 1875. The images depict landscapes, bridges, train tracks, railroad cars, railroad engines, and buildings, such as the Pano Cathedral.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into seven series:

Series 1, Historical Background, 1867-1982

Series 2, Correspondence, 1912-1960

Series 3, Financial Records, 1875-1930

Series 4, Operating Records, 1875-1972

Series 5, Personnel Records, 1873-1979

Series 6, Drawings, 1907-1939 and undated

Series 7, Photographs, 1932-1950s and undated
Biographical / Historical:
George M. Pullman (1831-1897) developed the railroad passenger sleeping car service into a major 19th century industry. He created the Pullman Palace Car Company in 1867. George Pullman was succeeded as president of the company by Robert Todd Lincoln, President Abraham Lincoln's son, who served until 1911. In 1900, after buying competing companies, the firm was reorganized as the Pullman Company.

The idea for specially designed sleeping cars came to Pullman while traveling from Buffalo to Westfield, New York in 1854. He altered existing railroad cars in September, 1858, for service on the Chicago and Alton Railroad. They first sleeping car built to Pullman's specifications was the "pioneer," which carried part of the Lincoln funeral party from Chicago to Springfield, Illinois in 1865. In 1867 "hotel cars" were introduced. These sleeping cars, equipped with kitchen and dining facilities, eliminating the need for trains to stop at stations for passengers to buy food. In 1868, Pullman built the "Delmonica," devoted to restaurant purposes. The Pullman firm also built streetcars and trolleys.

In 1880 George Pullman built the town of Pullman, just south of the city of Chicago along the Illinois Central Railroad line, as the site for his manufacturing plant. Intended as a model manufacturing town, it had 12,000 residents in 1893. It suffered from the usual company town problems and was annexed to Chicago in 1889. In the wake of the depression of 1893 Pullman reduced wages for its workers by 25% or more. The American Railway Union, lead by Eugene V. Debs, sought to bring wage issues to arbitration but Pullman refused. In June, 1894 some 4,000 employees struck the company gaining support from thousands of railroad workers who refused to handle trains with Pullman cars. President Grover Cleveland sent federal troops to Chicago in July and after a period of sporadic violence the strike was over by the end of the summer.

In later years the Pullman company introduced several innovations. It built lighter, articulated cars of alloy steel beginning in 1936. The following year, it introduced the roomette car with eighteen enclosed private rooms. In 1956 Pullman introduced the dome sleeper car with an upper deck observation level. The United States anti-trust suit against Pullman Manufacturing and Operating Company resulted in a 1944 decision requiring a separation of car building and car operation activities. Pullman sold its sleeping car service, transferring its operating unit to a group of fifty-nine railway firms in 1947.

George Pullman introduced two notable practices. First, rather than operating railroads, his firm leased sleeping cars to the railroads and provided the complete services on them, including supplying porters, conductors, dining staff, and food and linens. Second, Pullman named each of his sleeping and dining cars rather than assigning them numbers. This was intended to enhance the company's image by creating a personality for the car. Different categories of names signified different categories of cars and geographical names also helped to promote travel to the areas in which they operated.

Arthur Detmers Dubin assembled these Pullman Company materials. Dubin was born in 1923 in Chicago, Illinois. He began his architectural education at the University of Michigan in 1941 but was interrupted by World War II, and he served with distinction in the United States Army until 1946. After completing his studies in 1949, Dubin joined his father's and uncle's architectural firm, Dubin and Dubin, as a second--eneration architect. The leadership of the firm soon passed to Arthur and his brother, Martin David, and in 1965 they were joined by John Black and in 1966 by John Moutoussamy. Arthur's life--ong interest in trains and transportation and their implications for architecture is evident in transit stations commissions and service on transportation--elated advisory boards (Dubin was a member of the Illinois Railroad Commission), as well as in his writings and personal collections. Dubin was an avid train enthusiast and collector.

References

Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago Area Architects Oral History Project
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Pullman Palace Car Company Photographs (AC1175), contains photographs of Pullman cars: freight, passenger, private and street railway/rapid transit cars. The bulk of the collection contains approximately 13,500 original glass plate negatives, film negatives, and copy prints.

Materials In Other Organizations

Art Institute of Chicago

Bombardier Corporation

California State Railroad Museum

Chicago Historical Society

Arthur Dubin Collection at Lakeforest College

Illinois Railway Museum

Newberry Library, Pullman Company Archives

The Pullman Company archives consists of 2,500 cubic feet of records from the Pullman Company and Pullman heirs. The collection is comprised of business archives of the Pullman Palace Car Company from 1867 and include records of the entire firm up to the 1924 split into operating (sleeping car operation, service, and repair) and manufacturiung companies. From 1924 to 1981 the records chronicle the activities of the operating company only.

Pennsylvania State Archives

Pullman State Historic Site

Pullman Technology (Harvey, Illinois)

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Arthur D. Dubin Papers (83-015; 83-076; 83-101)

South Suburban Genealogical & Historical Society (South Holland, illinois)
Provenance:
Collection materials were donated by Arthur D. Dubin in 1980 and on January 30, 1986. Additional materials were donated by Lorrain Douglass, Kiara S. Winans and Kristin Peterson on April 3, 2012.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Hospital cars  Search this
Hotel car  Search this
Roomette car  Search this
Dining cars  Search this
Labor relations  Search this
Railroads -- Dining-car service  Search this
Sleeping car  Search this
Strikes and lockouts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1930-1940
Correspondence -- 1930-1960
Drawings
Citation:
Pullman Palace Car Company Collection, 1867-1982, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0181
See more items in:
Pullman Palace Car Company Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0181
Online Media:

William Babcock Hazen Papers

Creator:
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865  Search this
Belknap, William W. (William Worth), 1829-1890  Search this
Hayes, Rutherford Birchard, 1822-1893  Search this
Greely, Adolphus Washington  Search this
Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881  Search this
Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891  Search this
Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852  Search this
Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888  Search this
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Names:
Lincoln, Robert Todd  Search this
Extent:
4 Cubic feet (11 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diplomas
Military commissions
Legal documents
Correspondence
Cartes-de-visite
Place:
Greenland -- Exploration
Date:
1855-1909
Summary:
Papers document General William Babcock Hazen's military career, primarily through correspondence, photographs, and publications.
Scope and Contents:
The General William Babcock Hazen Collection, 1856-1905, consists of approximately four cubic feet of material. Collection materials include biographical, correspondence (military and family), documents on the Greely Arctic Expedition, photographs, stereographs, and material on General Hazen's book, A Narrative of Military Service.
Arrangement:
This collection is divided into six series.

Series 1, Biographical Materials, 1885-1867

Series 2, Correspondence and Military Forms 1856-1886 and undated

Series 3, Correspondence to General William Babcock Hazen, 1861-1887

Series 4, Correspondence of Hazen Family, 1858-1909

Series 5, Photographs, 1864-1881

Series 6, Publications, 1865-1886
Biographical / Historical:
General William Babcock Hazen was born September 27, 1830 in West Hartford, Vermont. Four years later, the family moved to a farm outside Hiram, Portage County, Ohio where he attended school with James A. Garfield. Hazen's goal was service in the Army, and he wrote his congressman for admission to the United States Military Academy at West Point. Hazen graduated in 1855, twenty-eighth out of a class of thirty-four.

After graduation, General Hazen was assigned as Brevet Second Lieutenant, Company D, Fourth Infantry, Redding, California. After arriving in California, he was ordered to Fort Lane in the Oregon Territory. Lieutenant Hazen was authorized to establish a command at Grand Ronde and build a blockhouse that became the post Fort Yamhill, located west of Portland, Oregon. On April 20, 1857, he was transferred to Fort Jones, California, and then ordered to join the Eighth Infantry, Fort Davis, Texas. Hazen was transferred to Fort Inge, Texas, to protect a road from San Antonio to Eagle Pass. During a chase, Hazen was wounded by a bullet that was not removed. The lingering effect of the bullet wound would cause him frequent pain.

During the period of service in Texas, Hazen reportedly gained leadership experience, practical military knowledge, and considerable confidence in his own abilities. Following twelve months of convalescence, Hazen was nominated assistant instructor of military tactics at West Point on January 28, 1861. He was promoted to First Lieutenant on April 1861 and captain on May 14, 1861. Colonel James A. Garfield influenced the appointment of Hazen as colonel in command of the newly organized forty-first Ohio Volunteer Regiment. Hazen quickly transformed the regiment's inexperienced personnel into a firmly disciplined body. The intensive training paid large dividends later in the war, and he always held the regiment in high regard.

As brigade and division commander, General Hazen led troops in many important battles and campaigns: Shiloh (Place of Peace), Stones River, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Atlanta, Resaca, Picketts Mill, Jonesboro, Fort McAllister, and Bentonville. On December 13, 1864, Hazen was appointed a major general of volunteers in recognition of long and faithful service and the capture of Fort McAllister. It was after the performance of his troops at Fort McAllister that a friendly relationship developed with General William T. Sherman. With the capitulation of the Confederate armies in spring of 1865, Hazen's division and the Army of the Tennessee left North Carolina where they saw their last fighting. The destination was Washington, D.C., site of a two-day grand review of the victorious Union Armies. On May 19, 1865 Hazen was elevated to commander of the Fifteenth Corps. After a thirty day furlough, he held command of the District of Middle Tennessee until the following summer. In July 1866, Hazen returned west.

In August 1870, President Ulysses S. Grant granted Hazen indefinite leave to observe the Franco-Prussian War. He viewed several battles and personally interviewed Otto von Bismarck and General Helmut von Moltke. Observations and research convinced Hazen that the United States Army was mismanaged and lacked tactical and logistical organization.

Before returning to the Sixth Infantry command, Hazen married Mildred McLean, the twenty-one year-old daughter of prominent Cincinnati Enquirer owner Washington McLean. A son John was born in 1876, but died at the age of twenty-two in 1898.

In June 1877, Hazen was appointed military attaché to the United States Legation in Vienna, Austria, and assigned as military observer of the Russo-Turkish War that had started in April 1877.

In 1878 Colonel Stanley accused Colonel Hazen of perjury and cowardice in the Civil War and requested a court-martial. Colonel Hazen retaliated by formally requesting that Stanley be arraigned by a court-martial on charges of publishing and circulating libelous material against him. On March 19, 1879, General Sherman reluctantly recommended that both generals be arraigned by the same court-martial. The New York Tribune reported "inasmuch as by the decisions of the court-martial Hazen has secured a substantial vindication." Hazen returned to Fort Buford.

While on detached service in Washington, D.C., Hazen actively campaigned for James A. Garfield for president. On August 24, 1880, General Albert James Myer, Chief of the Army Signal Corps, died, opening up a staff position subject to presidential appointment. President Rutherford B. Hayes, after consulting with President-elect Garfield, announced the promotion of Hazen to the rank of brigadier general and appointment as chief signal officer. One of Hazen's lasting legacies in this new role was advancing the development of meteorological science in the Army Signal Corps.

In May 1880, Lady Franklin Bay in northern Canada was chosen as the site for a signal service polar station, one of several conducted by eleven nations for the first International Polar Year (1882-1883). The initial two-year expedition set out in 1881 under the command of Regular Army First Lieutenant Adolphus W. Greely, a Civil War veteran from Massachusetts. The twenty-five man party did not get relief from the long winter in 1882, and a second rescue attempt was disrupted by ice. In September 1883, Secretary of War Robert Todd Lincoln, decided it was too late to send another relief party and they were left to spend a third winter in the Arctic. The demoralized party was forced to march south in search of supplies and landed at Cape Sabine, spending the next eight months in desperate circumstances. In June 1884, rescuers finally reached them and found only Greely and seven others alive. The remaining expedition members froze or starved to death.

Hazen never forgave Secretary of War Robert Todd Lincoln for his inaction with the Greely Arctic Expedition, and in 1884 Lincoln censured Hazen for his criticism. Hazen replied to Lincoln by letter, which was returned with a warning to keep the matter private. Hazen went to the press and stated in a published account that he wrote such a letter. He immediately found himself ordered before another court-martial, resulting in a reprimand by President Chester A. Arthur for "unwarranted and captious criticism." Greely supported Hazen's position. In 1885, Hazen produced A Narrative of Military Service, a report devoted to the defense of his Civil War record and personal reputation.

Health problems-diabetes and recurring pain from his bullet wound-forced Hazen to obtain a 12-month leave of absence from his military service. On January 13, 1887, he attended a White House reception where he caught a cold. He died on January 16, 1887, at the age of fifty-six.
Provenance:
In 1985, the Smithsonian received from the Estate of Fredrick McLean Bugher, grandnephew of General Hazen's wife Mildred McLean Hazen, manuscripts and letters concerning General Hazen. Part of the collection was rescued by a private individual from a Lorton, Virginia land fill and sold to the Smithsonian in 1987 in two sections. The first section contained material about the career of General William Babcock Hazen as chief signal officer of the United States Army. The second section contained manuscript materials related to Hazen's duties on the frontier and Indian tribes covering the period of 1855 to 1860, and from 1866 to 1880. Also included are family letters and land holdings in the Midwest.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Rights situation uncertain, but most of the collection is probably in the public domain due to its age.
Topic:
Arctic regions -- Discovery and exploration -- 1880-1890  Search this
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diplomas
Military commissions
Legal documents
Correspondence -- 1850-1900
Cartes-de-visite
Citation:
William B. Hazen Papers, 1855-1909, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0427
See more items in:
William Babcock Hazen Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0427
Online Media:

Lincoln Family [2821]

Artist:
Edward Valois, 1840 - 1870?  Search this
Sitter:
Thomas Lincoln, 4 Apr 1853 - 15 Jul 1871  Search this
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln, 13 Dec 1818 - 16 Jul 1882  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln, 1 Aug 1843 - 25 Jul 1926  Search this
William Wallace Lincoln, 1850 - 1862  Search this
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865  Search this
Medium:
Lithograph
Dimensions:
Image: 42.5 × 63.8 cm (16 3/4 × 25 1/8")
Sheet: 55.6 × 75.5 cm (21 7/8 × 29 3/4")
Mat: 65.7 × 81 cm (25 7/8 × 31 7/8")
Type:
Print
Date:
c. 1890
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Interior\Interior with Exterior View  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Home Furnishings\Drape  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Flower  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Architecture\Column  Search this
Architecture\Building\Capitol  Search this
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln: Female  Search this
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\First Lady\First Lady of US  Search this
Thomas Lincoln: Male  Search this
Thomas Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Male  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
William Wallace Lincoln: Male  Search this
William Wallace Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Male  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Military\Soldier  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Crafts and Trades\Boat builder  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Kiplinger Family
Object number:
NPG.2018.130
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4cda88763-fe2a-4ffc-8ddd-e196bb6496e3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2018.130

Lincoln Family [2835]

Artist:
D. Wiest  Search this
Copy after:
Ad. Biegemann  Search this
Sitter:
William Wallace Lincoln, 1850 - 1862  Search this
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln, 13 Dec 1818 - 16 Jul 1882  Search this
Thomas Lincoln, 4 Apr 1853 - 15 Jul 1871  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln, 1 Aug 1843 - 25 Jul 1926  Search this
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865  Search this
Medium:
Lithograph
Dimensions:
Image: 46.5 × 61.8 cm (18 5/16 × 24 5/16")
Sheet: 50.5 × 64.5 cm (19 7/8 × 25 3/8")
Type:
Print
Date:
c. 1866
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Artwork\Sculpture  Search this
Interior\Domestic  Search this
Home Furnishings\Curtain  Search this
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln: Female  Search this
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\First Lady\First Lady of US  Search this
Thomas Lincoln: Male  Search this
Thomas Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Male  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
William Wallace Lincoln: Male  Search this
William Wallace Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Male  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Military\Soldier  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Crafts and Trades\Boat builder  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Kiplinger Family
Object number:
NPG.2018.131
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm436853a40-d46d-464e-90a0-06b3dce3dc5e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2018.131

Robert Todd Lincoln

Artist:
Mathew Brady Studio, active 1844 - 1894  Search this
Sitter:
Robert Todd Lincoln, 1 Aug 1843 - 25 Jul 1926  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 8.6 x 5.5 cm (3 3/8 x 2 3/16")
Mount: 9.9 x 6 cm (3 7/8 x 2 3/8")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1864
Topic:
Photographic format\Carte-de-visite  Search this
Interior\Studio\Photography  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Male  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
S/NPG.79.246.152
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm47c9191d1-fb1c-45d8-b751-b0c38e39c44e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.79.246.152

Abraham Lincoln and Family

Artist:
Francis Bicknell Carpenter, 1830 - 1900  Search this
Sitter:
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865  Search this
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln, 13 Dec 1818 - 16 Jul 1882  Search this
William Wallace Lincoln, 1850 - 1862  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln, 1 Aug 1843 - 25 Jul 1926  Search this
Thomas Lincoln, 4 Apr 1853 - 15 Jul 1871  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
68.6 x 93.4cm (27 x 36 3/4")
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1865
Topic:
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln: Female  Search this
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\First Lady\First Lady of US  Search this
Thomas Lincoln: Male  Search this
Thomas Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Male  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
William Wallace Lincoln: Male  Search this
William Wallace Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Male  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Military\Soldier  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Crafts and Trades\Boat builder  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: New-York Historical Society
Object number:
1909.6 NYHS
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm41505ff1f-9525-46cf-9aab-786a9f98a96e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1909.6_NYHS

Abraham Lincoln and Family

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Copy after:
Francis Bicknell Carpenter, 1830 - 1900  Search this
Sitter:
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln, 13 Dec 1818 - 16 Jul 1882  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln, 1 Aug 1843 - 25 Jul 1926  Search this
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865  Search this
Thomas Lincoln, 4 Apr 1853 - 15 Jul 1871  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 8.8 × 5.8 cm (3 7/16 × 2 5/16")
Mount: 10.1 × 6.3 cm (4 × 2 1/2")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1866
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Home Furnishings\Drape  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Artwork\Portrait  Search this
Photographic format\Carte-de-visite  Search this
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln: Female  Search this
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\First Lady\First Lady of US  Search this
Thomas Lincoln: Male  Search this
Thomas Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Male  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Male  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Military\Soldier  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Crafts and Trades\Boat builder  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Dr. James S. Brust
Object number:
S/NPG.2003.37
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm468ca2ef1-24be-41d5-95bd-2a7607bcaa1b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.2003.37

Robert Todd Lincoln

Artist:
Daniel Huntington, 14 Oct 1816 - 18 Apr 1906  Search this
Sitter:
Robert Todd Lincoln, 1 Aug 1843 - 25 Jul 1926  Search this
Medium:
Pencil on cream paper
Dimensions:
35.5 x 25.4cm (14 x 10")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
November 21, 1884
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Male  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
1942.50.557 CHNDM1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4e8dd18e9-1598-44d1-8c96-ca619a1091a2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1942.50.557_CHNDM1

Album of Portraits of Celebrities

Alternate Title:
Robert T. Lincoln, Secretary of War
Artist:
Shoppell, active c. 1882  Search this
Publisher:
F. M. Lupton  Search this
Sitter:
Robert Todd Lincoln, 1 Aug 1843 - 25 Jul 1926  Search this
Medium:
Wood engraving on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 7 × 5.4 cm (2 3/4 × 2 1/8")
Book closed: 13.5 × 18.6 cm (5 5/16 × 7 5/16")
Book open: 13.5 × 36.5 cm (5 5/16 × 14 3/8")
Type:
Print
Date:
c. 1882
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Book  Search this
Illustration  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Male  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
S/NPG.90.50.H
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm403d929f9-f132-4daf-9a45-99225c9f23a5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.90.50.H

Robert Todd Lincoln

Artist:
Larkin Goldsmith Mead, 3 Jan 1835 - 15 Oct 1910  Search this
Sitter:
Robert Todd Lincoln, 1 Aug 1843 - 25 Jul 1926  Search this
Medium:
Marble relief plaque
Dimensions:
Estimate: 39.8 x 28.9 x 09.0 cm (15 11/16 x 11 3/8 x 3 9/16" )
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1868
Topic:
Robert Todd Lincoln: Male  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Illinois State Museum
Object number:
1975-85/746118
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm46d1d0102-3a4c-4fad-bebc-bcacd725d81b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1975-85_746118

Lincoln Family Group

Artist:
Inez Marshall, 1907 - 1984  Search this
Sitter:
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865  Search this
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln, 13 Dec 1818 - 16 Jul 1882  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln, 1 Aug 1843 - 25 Jul 1926  Search this
Medium:
Sandstone?
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
c. 1969
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture  Search this
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln: Female  Search this
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\First Lady\First Lady of US  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Male  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Male  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Military\Soldier  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Crafts and Trades\Boat builder  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Kansas Museum of History
Object number:
1986.148.1-.6 KMH
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm47b732238-4c20-415a-9b5a-0d2f6977cebe
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1986.148.1-.6_KMH

Warren G. Harding, Robert Todd Lincoln and Joseph Gurney Cannon

Artist:
Harris & Ewing Studio, active 1905 - 1977  Search this
Sitter:
Warren Gamaliel Harding, 2 Nov 1865 - 2 Aug 1923  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln, 1 Aug 1843 - 25 Jul 1926  Search this
Joseph Gurney Cannon, 7 May 1836 - 12 Nov 1926  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
14.8cm x 23.6cm (5 13/16" x 9 5/16"), Image
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\District of Columbia\Washington
Date:
May 30, 1922
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Exterior  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Printed Material\Document  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Pin\Tie pin  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Chain  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Architecture\Column  Search this
Autograph  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Male  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Male  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\US Senator\Ohio  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\State Senator\Ohio  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Insurance Agent  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\Lieutenant Governor\Ohio  Search this
Joseph Gurney Cannon: Male  Search this
Joseph Gurney Cannon: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Joseph Gurney Cannon: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Speaker of the House  Search this
Joseph Gurney Cannon: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Aileen Conkey
Object number:
NPG.84.247
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm42a93827b-ac2e-4231-81ac-aff7c67a9913
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.84.247

Robert Todd Lincoln

Artist:
Larkin Goldsmith Mead, 3 Jan 1835 - 15 Oct 1910  Search this
Sitter:
Robert Todd Lincoln, 1 Aug 1843 - 25 Jul 1926  Search this
Medium:
Marble
Dimensions:
35.8cm x 25cm x 7cm (14 1/8" x 9 13/16" x 2 3/4"), Estimate
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1870
Topic:
Robert Todd Lincoln: Male  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum
Object number:
IL010079
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4291b5786-fb87-4c1c-bb5d-a1e1f66b3941
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_IL010079

Last Moments of President Lincoln

Artist:
J. H. Bufford Lithography Company, active 1835 - 1890  Search this
Sitter:
Gideon Welles, 1 Jul 1802 - 11 Feb 1878  Search this
Salmon Portland Chase, 13 Jan 1808 - 7 May 1873  Search this
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865  Search this
Charles Sumner, 6 Jan 1811 - 11 Mar 1874  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln, 1 Aug 1843 - 25 Jul 1926  Search this
Henry Wager Halleck, 16 Jan 1815 - 09 Jan 1872  Search this
Edwin McMasters Stanton, 19 Dec 1814 - 24 Dec 1869  Search this
Medium:
Lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 23 × 33.1 cm (9 1/16 × 13 1/16")
Sheet: 33.4 × 45.5 cm (13 1/8 × 17 15/16")
Mat: 40.7 × 55.7 cm (16 × 21 15/16")
Type:
Print
Date:
c. 1865
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Artwork  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Chain  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Bed  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Human Figures\Soldier  Search this
Human Figures\Crowd  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Watch\Pocket watch  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Male  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Charles Sumner: Male  Search this
Charles Sumner: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Charles Sumner: Politics and Government\Statesman  Search this
Charles Sumner: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
Charles Sumner: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
Henry Wager Halleck: Male  Search this
Henry Wager Halleck: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War\Union  Search this
Salmon Portland Chase: Male  Search this
Salmon Portland Chase: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Salmon Portland Chase: Politics and Government\Presidential Candidate  Search this
Salmon Portland Chase: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
Salmon Portland Chase: Politics and Government\Governor\Ohio  Search this
Salmon Portland Chase: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
Salmon Portland Chase: Politics and Government\US Senator\Ohio  Search this
Salmon Portland Chase: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Abolitionist  Search this
Salmon Portland Chase: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice\Chief Justice of US  Search this
Gideon Welles: Male  Search this
Gideon Welles: Military\Navy\Secretary of the Navy  Search this
Gideon Welles: Communications\Journalist  Search this
Gideon Welles: Communications\Journalist\Editor  Search this
Gideon Welles: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Connecticut  Search this
Gideon Welles: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Male  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Military\Soldier  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Crafts and Trades\Boat builder  Search this
Edwin McMasters Stanton: Male  Search this
Edwin McMasters Stanton: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Edwin McMasters Stanton: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\US Attorney General  Search this
Edwin McMasters Stanton: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.83.233
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm483ff95bf-fdfb-40c1-9635-c9ee1eb5b15e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.83.233

Lincoln and Family

Artist:
William Sartain, 1843 - 1924  Search this
Copy after:
Samuel Bell Waugh, 1814 - 1885  Search this
Sitter:
Abraham Lincoln, 12 Feb 1809 - 15 Apr 1865  Search this
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln, 13 Dec 1818 - 16 Jul 1882  Search this
Thomas Lincoln, 4 Apr 1853 - 15 Jul 1871  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln, 1 Aug 1843 - 25 Jul 1926  Search this
William Wallace Lincoln, 1850 - 1862  Search this
Medium:
Engraving with roulette on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 45.3 × 63.5 cm (17 13/16 × 25")
Sheet: 55.7 × 71.7 cm (21 15/16 × 28 1/4")
Mat: 66 × 91.4 cm (26 × 36")
Type:
Print
Date:
1866
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Home Furnishings\Drape  Search this
Architecture\Window  Search this
Artwork\Sculpture\Bust  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Container\Urn  Search this
Interior\Domestic  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Stool  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Artwork\Portrait  Search this
Home Furnishings\Mirror  Search this
Home Furnishings\Curtain  Search this
Architecture\Fireplace  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Bowtie  Search this
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln: Female  Search this
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\First Lady\First Lady of US  Search this
Thomas Lincoln: Male  Search this
Thomas Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Male  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
William Wallace Lincoln: Male  Search this
William Wallace Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Male  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Military\Soldier  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Politics and Government\Government Official\Postmaster  Search this
Abraham Lincoln: Crafts and Trades\Boat builder  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Mr. and Mrs. Timothy J. Desmond
Object number:
S/NPG.80.26
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
Every Eye Is Upon Me: First Ladies of the United States
On View:
NPG, West Gallery 240
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4ac2c59d7-2378-42b1-9f4b-23c529a2d990
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.80.26

Robert Todd Lincoln

Artist:
Hubert Vos, 1855 - 1935  Search this
Sitter:
Robert Todd Lincoln, 1 Aug 1843 - 25 Jul 1926  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
67.3cm x 90.2cm (26 1/2" x 35 1/2"), Sight
Type:
Painting
Date:
1894
Topic:
Robert Todd Lincoln: Male  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of War  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Robert Todd Lincoln: Politics and Government\Son of US President  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Chicago Public Library Cultural Center
Object number:
78.33.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm484036e7c-f2af-437c-abaf-33d3eae86d90
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_78.33.1

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