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Edward H. Dwight Papers

Dwight, Edward H., 1919-1981  Search this
American Museum of Natural History  Search this
Cincinnati Historical Society  Search this
Louisiana State Museum  Search this
Mohammed Center for Restricted Communications  Search this
National Audubon Society  Search this
R. Havell & Son  Search this
Peale family  Search this
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851  Search this
Audubon, Maria R. (Maria Rebecca), 1843-1925  Search this
Audubon, Victor Gifford, 1809-1860  Search this
Bachman, John  Search this
Bakewell, Benjamin  Search this
Bell, John G.  Search this
Coffin, Annie R.  Search this
Corwine, Aaron H.  Search this
Duncanson, Robert S., 1821-1872  Search this
Fries, Waldemar H., 1889-  Search this
Gifford, George Edmund  Search this
Held, John, 1947-  Search this
Laning, Paul F.  Search this
Lichtner, Ruth  Search this
Lichtner, Schomer, 1905-2006  Search this
Martin, Maria  Search this
McDermott, John Francis, 1902-  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827  Search this
Peale, James, 1749-1831  Search this
Peale, James, 1789-1876  Search this
Peale, Raphaelle, 1774-1825  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Tyler, Morris F.  Search this
18.6 Linear feet
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business records
bulk 1950-1979
The papers of Cincinnati art historian, museum director, and Audubon and Peale scholar, Edward H. Dwight (1919-1981), measure 18.6 linear feet and date from 1821-2001, with the bulk of the material dating from 1950-1979. Dwight's papers include biographical material, writings by Dwight, and research files on John James Audubon, Raphaelle Peale, and others, documenting Dwight's extensive contribution to the study of American painting, particularly naturalist, portrait, and still-life painting.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Cincinnati art historian, museum director, and Audubon and Peale scholar, Edward H. Dwight (1919-1981), measure 18.6 linear feet and date from 1821-2001, with the bulk of the material dating from 1950-1979. Dwight's papers include biographical material, writings by Dwight, and research files on John James Audubon, Raphaelle Peale, and others, documenting Dwight's extensive contribution to the study of American painting, particularly naturalist, portrait, and still life painting.

Dwight's biographical material includes two address books, a calendar, a small amount of personal correspondence including letters and postcards from Schomer and Ruth Lichtner, and printed material documenting his work as a museum curator and director.

Writings and notes include correspondence about Dwight's writings, drafts and typescripts of articles on Audubon and other artists, and lecture notes.

The bulk of the collection comprises Dwight's research material on Audubon and includes correspondence related to his research with scholars, collectors, publications, museums, and libraries, including: the American Museum of Natural History, the Audubon Society, the Cincinnati Historical Society, the Louisiana State Museum, Annie R. coffin, Waldemar H. Fries, John Francis McDermott, and the collections of G. Edmund Gifford, Jr., Paul F. Laning, and Morris Tyler.

Copies of Audubon's correspondence, including letters from Audubon's father-in-law, Benjamin Bakewell, son Victor G. Audubon, and grandchildren, form a substantial portion of Dwight's research files. Notes and card files reflecting Dwight's research by categories such as life event, activity, geographical area, and subject of study, further illuminate his research and provide cross references to the Audubon letters and other material.

Data compiled and supplemented with reproductions of Audubon's artwork forms another substantial portion of Dwight's research, and provides detailed information about individual Audubon works and works attributed to him.

Dwight's subject files on Audubon house collated research on individuals, subjects, and events that intersected with Audubon's life and work, as well as Audubon research from other sources and scholars. They include copies of documents, such as the journal of Audubon collaborator John G Bell, and a scrapbook of granddaughter, Maria Audubon; documents relating to Audubon collaborators such as John Bachman and Maria Martin; material related to collections of Audubon's work; and information concerning editions of his prints, such as the Havell Edition, engraved and hand-colored by the firm of Robert Havell Sr. and Jr. in the 1830s.

Printed material used by Dwight in his research includes original American newspapers, from states including New England, New York, and Pennsylvania, dating from 1821 to the 1870s, which include articles on Audubon, as well as later magazines, journals, catalogs, and news clippings on Audubon. A small number of photographs, slide transparencies, and negatives of Audubon's artwork can be found at the end of the series.

Dwight's research material on Raphaelle Peale, Charles Willson Peale, Rembrandt Peale, James Peale, and other Peale family members, includes correspondence requesting and responding to requests for information; material collated by subject on Peale collectors, family history, miniatures, portraits, silhouettes, still lifes, and other subjects; and photographs of artwork.

Other research files document Dwight's interest in other artists such as Aaron H. Corwine, Robert S. Duncanson, and artists from the Cincinnati area in general. They include catalogs of data compiled on individual works of art, subject files, notes and index card files, printed material, and photographs of artwork. Of special note are eleven issues of John Held, Jr.'s, mail art correspondence sent to Dwight by the Mohammed Center for Restricted Communications.
This collection is arranged as five series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1944-1980 (8 folders; Box 1, OV 20)

Series 2: Writings and Notes, 1954-circa 1979 (0.9 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Audubon Research Material, 1821-circa 1979 (13 linear feet; Boxes 1-14, OVs 20-23)

Series 4: Peale Research Material, circa 1930-2001 (1.9 linear feet; Boxes 14-16)

Series 5: Other Research, 1881-1980 (2.7 linear feet; Boxes 16-19)
Biographical / Historical:
Cincinnati art historian and museum director, Edward H. Dwight (1919-1981), conducted extensive research on American painting, in particular the works of John James Audubon, Charles Willson Peale, and Raphaelle Peale. He was also credited with rediscovering the Cincinnati artist, Aaron H. Corwine.

Dwight attended Yale and Cornell Universities, and studied art at the Cincinnati Art Academy and the School of Fine Arts of Washington University, St. Louis. From 1946 he held posts, including curator of American Art, at the Cincinnati Art Museum, until becoming director of the Milwaukee Art Center in 1955. In 1962 he left Milwaukee to direct the Munson-Williams-Proctor Art Institute Museum of Art, where he remained until the end of his career. He was the author of numerous articles for publications including Antiques, Audubon, Art in America, The Art Gallery, The Art Quarterly, and Canadian Art, and lectured widely on contemporary art, Spanish painting, and American painting.

In 1955 Dwight published the article "Aaron Houghton Corwine: Cincinnati Artist" in Antiques magazine. With this, and the exhibition, Rediscoveries in American Painting (1955), which he launched at the Cincinnati Art Museum, Dwight revived interest in this all but forgotten painter.

Dwight wrote many scholarly articles on Audubon's life and work throughout his career, in addition to writing catalogs for, and curating, exhibitions of Audubon's work. In 1960 he was awarded a $7,500 fellowship from the Ford foundation to pursue a reevaluation of Audubon, and to reexamine some long-held assumptions and exagerrations about Audubon's life and personality. He focused primarily on the artist-naturalist's original drawings and paintings, especially portraits and pictures of birds, animal life, and insects. Dwight was awarded an additional fellowship by the National Endowment for the Arts in 1973, to continue his research on Audubon.

Dwight's scholarly interest also extended to Raphaelle Peale and the Peale family of artists. In the 1960s and 1970s he wrote and published several articles about Raphaelle Peale, his father, Charles Willson Peale, and his brothers, Rembrandt and James. Dwight was working on a book about the family, and a catalog raisonné of Raphaelle Peale, when he died.

Dwight was an accomplished photographer and his work was included in at least eight exhibitions from 1951 to 1972, including two one-man exhibitions at Louisiana State University (1952), and Weyhe Gallery (1972).
The Audubon materials were donated to the Archives of American Art by Dwight's widow, Ruth R. White, in 1982-1983. The Peale material was donated in 2002 by the Barra Foundation, Inc., which had received them from Ruth R. Dwight as they relate to the Foundation's mission to support scholarship in cultural history in the Philadelphia area. In 1983, the Barra Foundation loaned the documents to Dr. William H. Gerdts, an art historian, who was to continue Dwight's work on a catalog raisonné of Raphaelle Peale. Dr. Gerdts made limited use of the materials and the Barra Foundation then transferred them to the Archives of American Art in 2002.
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Museum curators -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Artists -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Art historians -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Painters  Search this
Museum directors -- Ohio -- Cincinnati  Search this
Still-life painting  Search this
Mail art  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Portrait painting  Search this
Business records
Edward H. Dwight papers, 1821-2001, bulk 1950-1979. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Edward H. Dwight Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
Online Media:

James Matthew Auer photographs

Auer, James  Search this
Adami, Valerio, 1935-  Search this
Aiken, Pat  Search this
Anderson, Ernest  Search this
Berman, Fred, 1926-  Search this
Bloom, William  Search this
Boerher, Edward A.  Search this
Bohrod, Aaron  Search this
Brink, Guido Peter, 1913-  Search this
Burkert, Robert  Search this
Coleman, Gerald Duane  Search this
Colt, John Nicholson, 1925-1999  Search this
Cunningham, Charles Crehore, 1910-1979  Search this
Dinwiddie, William  Search this
Dix, Charles  Search this
Donhauser, Paul S.  Search this
Dooley, Tom  Search this
Eisenstein, Sandra  Search this
Farrell, Patrick  Search this
Fontanne, Lynn  Search this
Fumagalli, Barbara Merrill, 1926-  Search this
Fumagalli, Orazio, 1921-  Search this
Ginnever, Charles  Search this
Goodrich, Susan, 1933-  Search this
Grotenrath, Ruth, 1912-  Search this
Haberland, Anne  Search this
Henry, John Raymond, 1943-  Search this
Kazlov, Brian, 1944-1991  Search this
Lange, Vidie, 1934-  Search this
Levine, Les, 1935-  Search this
Lichtner, Schomer, 1905-2006  Search this
Lippold, Richard, 1915-2002  Search this
Lunt, Alfred  Search this
Lyons, Roger  Search this
Miller, Gerhard Carl Frederick, 1903-  Search this
Nedobeck, Don  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes, 1929-  Search this
Peters, James  Search this
Philipon, Philip  Search this
Philipon, Ruth Wedgwood, 1933-  Search this
Poehlmann, JoAnna  Search this
Rivers, Larry, 1925-2002  Search this
Sadow, Harvey, 1946-  Search this
Salt, John, 1937-  Search this
Schoenberger, Edwin  Search this
Schuenke, Robert  Search this
Schwanke, Robert  Search this
Schwartz, Lester  Search this
Smith, Fred, 1886-1975  Search this
Sommer, Elke  Search this
Sugarman, George, 1912-1999  Search this
Turner, Morrie  Search this
Ulbricht, Elsa Emile, 1885-1980  Search this
Varnelis, Kazys, 1917-  Search this
Von Neumann, Robert  Search this
Welch, Roger, 1946-  Search this
White, Doris A.  Search this
Winkle, James  Search this
Wright, Frank Lloyd, Mrs.  Search this
Wyeth, Andrew, 1917-2009  Search this
68 Items ((on 2 microfilm reels))
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Photographs by Auer from a 1977 exhibition, "Through the Studio Door," at the Oshkosh Public Museum. Contains photographs of artists and celebrities who work or exhibit in Wisconsin, photographs of works of art, and miscellaneous photos.
Photos are of: Valerio Adami, Pat Aiken, Ernest Anderson, Fred Berman, William Bloom, Edward A. Boerher, Aaron Bohrod, Guido Brink, Robert Burkert, Gerald D. Coleman, John Colt, Charles Cunningham, William Dinwiddie, Charles Dix, Paul S. Donhauser, Tom Dooley, Sandra Eisenstein, Patrick Farrell, Lynn Fontanne, Barbara Fumagalli, Orazio Fumagalli, Charles Ginnever, Susan Goodrich, Ruth Grotenrath, Anne Haberland, John Henry, Brian Kazlov, Vidie Lange, Les Levine, Schomer Lichtner, Richard Lippold, Alfred Lunt, Roger Lyons, Gerhard C. F. Miller,Don Nedoeck, Claes Oldenburg, James Peters, Philip Philipon, Ruth Philipon, Joanna Poehlmann, Larry Rivers, Harvey Sadow, John Salt, Edwin Schoenberger, Robert Schuenke, Robert Schwanke, Lester Schwartz, Fred Smith, Elke Sommer, George Sugarman, Morrie Turner, Elsa Ulbricht, Kazys Varnelis, Robert von Neumann, Roger Welch, Doris White, James Winkle, Mrs. Frank Lloyd Wright, and Andrew Wyeth.
Biographical / Historical:
Art critic, filmmaker; Wisconsin; b. 1928
Donated 1981 by Oshkosh Public Museum.
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Art critics -- Wisconsin  Search this
Filmmakers -- Wisconsin  Search this
Artists -- Wisconsin -- Photographs  Search this
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art

Schomer Lichtner : a retrospective, Milwaukee Art Museum, March 18--April 22, 1984

Lichtner, Schomer 1905-2006-  Search this
Milwaukee Art Museum  Search this
Lichtner, Schomer 1905- Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
24 p. : ill. ; 21 x 26 cm
Call number:
N6537.L52 A4 1984
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

In the moment : the life and art of Schomer Lichtner / Susan J. Montgomery ; artwork selected by Kate Hawley

Life and art of Schomer Lichtner
Montgomery, Susan J. 1944-  Search this
Lichtner, Schomer 1905-2006  Search this
Lichtner, Schomer 1905-2006  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 183 p. : ill. (mostly col.) ; 30 cm
Painters  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

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