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3 Cents, United States, 1851

Mint:
United States Mint  Search this
Designer:
Longacre, James Barton  Search this
Physical Description:
silver (overall material)
Object Name:
Coin
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
City:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
City and province:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Province:
United States: Pennsylvania
Country:
United States
Date made:
1851
Credit Line:
Layton, Benjamin
ID Number:
NU.320729.0001
Catalog number:
75.38.01
Accession number:
320729
See more items in:
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-6d68-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_835280
Online Media:

Notice of Selection

Recipient:
Layton, Benjamin T.  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
average spatial: 26.6 cm x 20.4 cm; 10 1/2 in x 8 1/16 in
Object Name:
Document
Other Terms:
Document; Documents
Associated place:
United States: Illinois, Chicago
United States: District of Columbia, Washington
Associated dates:
1941 08 29 / 1941 08 29
1941 08 29 / 1941 08 29
ID Number:
1993.3172.01
Catalog number:
1993.3172.01
Nonaccession number:
1993.3172
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-251c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1176545

Order Referring Registrant to Another Local Board...

Recipient:
Layton, Benjamin T.  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
average spatial: 26.8 cm x 20.5 cm; 10 9/16 in x 8 1/16 in
Object Name:
Document
Other Terms:
Document; Documents
Associated place:
United States: Illinois, Chicago
United States: District of Columbia, Washington
United States: Illinois, Chicago
Associated dates:
1941 08 04 / 1941 08 04
1941 08 04 / 1941 08 04
ID Number:
1993.3172.02
Catalog number:
1993.3172.02
Nonaccession number:
1993.3172
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-2528-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1176557

Notice to Appear for Physical Exam

Sender:
Daniels, Captain L. P.  Search this
Recipient:
Layton, Benjamin T.  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
cardboard (overall material)
Measurements:
average spatial: 26.8 cm x 20.6 cm; 10 9/16 in x 8 1/8 in
Object Name:
document
Other Terms:
document; Documents
Associated place:
United States: Georgia
Issued:
1940
Associated dates:
1942-02-18
Related event:
World War II  Search this
The Great Depression and World War II  Search this
ID Number:
1993.3172.03
Catalog number:
1993.3172.03
Nonaccession number:
1993.3172
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
ThinkFinity
Exhibition:
Price of Freedom
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-2636-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1176561

Order to Report for Induction

Recipient:
Layton, Benjamin T.  Search this
Sender:
Local Board Number 12  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
average spatial: 26.9 cm x 21.8 cm; 10 9/16 in x 8 9/16 in
Object Name:
document
Other Terms:
document; Documents
Place Made:
United States: District of Columbia, Washington
Referenced:
United States: District of Columbia, Washington
Associated place:
United States: Illinois, Chicago
Date of mailing:
1941
Associated dates:
1941-08-29
Related event:
World War II  Search this
The Great Depression and World War II  Search this
ID Number:
1993.3172.04
Catalog number:
1993.3172.04
Nonaccession number:
1993.3172
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
ThinkFinity
Exhibition:
Price of Freedom
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-17c2-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1176573

document

Recipient:
Layton, Benjamin T.  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
average spatial: 26.8 cm x 20.4 cm; 10 9/16 in x 8 1/16 in
Object Name:
Document
Other Terms:
Document; Documents
Associated place:
United States: Virginia, Hanover
United States: District of Columbia, Washington
Associated dates:
1941 07 24 / 1941 07 24
1941 07 24 / 1941 07 24
ID Number:
1993.3172.05
Catalog number:
1993.3172.05
Nonaccession number:
1993.3172
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-17ce-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1176587

ring

Used by:
Layton, Benjamin Thomas  Search this
Object Name:
Ring
Other Terms:
Ring; Jewelry; Accessories Worn on the Body; Male
Used in:
United States: Virginia, Clarke county
Date made:
1870 - 1900
Subject:
African American  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Benjamin T. Layton
ID Number:
1987.0917.001
Accession number:
1987.0917
Catalog number:
1987.0917.001
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Costume
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a1-9376-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_375559

Statement of Personal History

Associated person:
Layton, Benjamin T.  Search this
Object Name:
Sheet of Paper
ID Number:
ZZ.RSN82596W21
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a2-1ff1-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_421915

Jacket, Eisenhower

Wearer:
Layton, Benjamin T.  Search this
Object Name:
Jacket
Other Terms:
Jacket; Man; Army; Field
ID Number:
ZZ.RSN80732W04
Designer number:
MIL-J-10801
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a1-e157-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_397030

medal

Manufacturer:
Bastian Brothers Company  Search this
Physical Description:
struck (overall production method)
bronze (overall metal)
circular (overall shape)
Measurements:
overall: 31.8 mm; x 1 1/4 in
Object Name:
Medal
Place made:
United States
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1932
Credit Line:
Layton, Benjamin T
ID Number:
NU.313702.0002
Accession number:
313702
Catalog number:
74.43.07
See more items in:
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-b03f-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1132437

Benjamin Layton collection

Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Names:
Agnew, Spiro T., 1918-1996  Search this
Ford, Gerald R., 1913-2006  Search this
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993  Search this
Nixon, Pat, 1912-1993  Search this
Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994  Search this
Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979  Search this
Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915  Search this
Wright, Richard, 1908-1960  Search this
Extent:
3.45 Linear feet (5 boxes; 1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Cartes-de-visite
Postage stamps
Programs
Tintypes
Correspondence
Newsletters
Cabinet photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Portraits
Photographic prints
Pamphlets
Photographs
Etchings
Copy prints
Date:
circa 1865-1977
Summary:
The Benjamin Layton collection documents the life, family history, and interests of Benjamin T. Layton. Items date from circa 1865 to 1977. The collection measures 3.45 linear feet and is composed of newsletters, clippings, pamphlets, newspapers, correspondence, certificates, photographs, memorabilia, books, stamps, etchings, and programs.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the life, family history, and collecting interests of World War II veteran and federal employee Benjamin T. Layton. Layton grew up in Virginia and settled in Kensington, Maryland. Notable aspects of the collection include nineteenth-century photographs of African Americans, photographs of Layton's family, 1970s political photographs, and first editions of Richard Wright's Black Boy and Booker T. Washington's Up from Slavery and Working with the Hands. Family photographs and memorabilia reflects the family's roots in Virginia and the Washington, D.C., area. Layton's historical photograph collection draws from photographers in the Mid-Atlantic and New England.

Items date from circa 1865 to 1977. The collection measures 3.45 linear feet and is composed of newsletters, clippings, pamphlets, newspapers, correspondence, certificates, photographs, memorabilia, books, stamps, etchings, and programs. It has been arranged in three series: Series I: Biographical Files, 1913-1977, Series II: Photographs, circa 1865-1977, and Series III: Printed Material, 1901-circa 1976. Some items in Series II and Series III are oversized.
Biographical / Historical:
Benjamin Thomas Layton was born on December 24, 1917, in Hanover, Virginia, to a prominent Virginia family. His maternal great-grandfather, Ballard Trent Edwards, was a freeborn African American man who opened a school for formerly enslaved people and served for eight years in the Virginia House of Delegates. His father, William Brown Layton, was the superintendent of the Negro Reformatory of Virginia (later the Virginia Manual Labor School), a reform school for African American boys located in Hanover County.

Layton was an athlete and scholar, playing varsity tennis and attending Virginia Union University in Richmond, Virginia. He did graduate work in social sciences at the University of Chicago and Howard University, but his studies were interrupted by the draft in 1941.

Layton served with distinction in the U.S. Army during World War II, leading truck convoys carrying soldiers, supplies, weapons, and prisoners of war during the Battle of the Bulge. He also worked in military intelligence. His last active duty assignment was commanding a military detachment in Baumholder, Germany. His decorations included the Bronze Star, which he was awarded in 1977. He attained the rank of lieutenant colonel before retiring from the Army in 1963.

From 1963 to 1966 he worked in Europe, then returned to the United States in 1966, where he was an ROTC instructor at Chamberlain Vocational High School in Washington, D.C. He left in 1967 to become an equal-opportunity specialist at the United States Department of Agriculture, from which he retired in 1985. His brother William W. Layton also lived and worked in the Washington, D.C., area.

Layton had a passion for collecting and donated coins, paper money, and military artifacts to the Smithsonian National Museum of American History. He also donated objects relating to clubs and fraternities to the Anacostia Community Museum. He was a member of numerous organizations, including the Retired Officers Association, the Reserve Officers Association of the United States, the American Legion, the Prince Hall Masons, the Kiwanis Club of Wheaton, and the Federation Nationale des Anciens Combattants, a French veterans group.

Layton was married twice, his first marriage to Irma Goode ending in divorce. He lived in Kensington, Maryland, with his second wife Marguerite, with whom he had two daughters. He died on February 15, 2001, at age 83 and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
Related Materials:
The Anacostia Community Museum houses more items in the Benjamin Layton Collection, including buttons, fraternity paddles, lapel pins, and medals.

Order to Report for Induction, 1941. 1993.3172.04. The Price of Freedom: Americans at War, National Museum of American History.

Notice to Appear for Physical Exam, 1940. 1993.3172.03. The Price of Freedom: Americans at War, National Museum of American History.

Layton Family Collection, 228 THL, Stewart Bell Jr. Archives, Handley Regional Library, Winchester, VA, USA.
Provenance:
The Benjamin Layton collection was donated to the Anacostia Community Museum in two accretions in 1976 and 1978 by Benjamin Layton.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (U.S.)  Search this
African American newspapers  Search this
African American veterans  Search this
African American soldiers  Search this
Bronze Star Medal (U.S.)  Search this
African American families  Search this
Politicians -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cartes-de-visite
Postage stamps
Programs
Tintypes
Correspondence
Newsletters
Cabinet photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Portraits
Photographic prints
Pamphlets
Photographs
Etchings
Copy prints
Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-031
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-031
Online Media:

Historical Photograph Collection

Collection Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1865-circa 1890
Scope and Contents:
The 58 black-and-white photographs in this subseries are grouped by photographic process or format and by subject. Photographs include portraits of African American men, women and children in cabinet photographs, cartes-de-visite (card photographs), copy prints, and tintypes. Photographers represented are from New York, Massachusetts, Virginia, and New Jersey. 24 photographs of African Americans from this subseries appear in a digital exhibit available through SOVA. This subseries includes two pieces of ephemera: a small note and an artist's depiction of the birth of Jesus.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Collection Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-031, Subseries 2.1
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Benjamin Layton collection / Series 2: Photographs
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-031-ref16

Layton Family Photographs

Collection Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1900-1977
Scope and Contents:
This subseries consists of 21 color and black-and-white photographs of Benjamin Layton, his maternal and paternal ancestors, and events in their lives. Layton was a descendent of prominent Virginians and left information about family history with the photographs. These contextual notes have been transferred to labels on photo sleeves. Roughly half of the photographs depict Layton at different stages of his life, including childhood, his early years in the Army, and the 1977 ceremony awarding him the Bronze Star. Two photographic portraits of unidentified family members are on a plaque housed separately in Box 4.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Collection Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-031, Subseries 2.2
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Benjamin Layton collection / Series 2: Photographs
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-031-ref18

Political Photographs

Collection Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1970-circa 1976
Scope and Contents:
This series is arranged by size and subject and consists of 62 black-and-white and color photographs. The photographs are mostly publicity photos and portraits, 32 of standard size and 30 oversized. The most common photographic subjects are President Richard Nixon, First Lady Pat Nixon, Tricia Nixon, and President Gerald Ford, but also include Quincy Jones, Thurgood Marshall, Vice President Spiro Agnew, Vice President Nelson Rockefeller, and the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. Oversized material in this subseries is housed in Cabinet 10, Drawer 6.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Collection Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-031, Subseries 2.3
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Benjamin Layton collection / Series 2: Photographs
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-031-ref20

Newsletters, newspapers, and clippings

Collection Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1939-1977 June
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Collection Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Benjamin Layton collection / Series 1: Biographical Files
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-031-ref23

Family memorabilia and clippings

Collection Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1935 June-1976 March
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Collection Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Benjamin Layton collection / Series 1: Biographical Files
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-031-ref24

Obituaries of Benjamin T. Layton (uncle) and William Brown Layton (father)

Collection Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
undated
1975 August
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Collection Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Benjamin Layton collection / Series 1: Biographical Files
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-031-ref25

Blank postcard and correspondence to and from Della Thomas

Collection Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1913-1917
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Collection Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Benjamin Layton collection / Series 1: Biographical Files
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-031-ref26

Certificate awarding Bronze Star Medal to Benjamin Layton

Collection Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1977 February
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Collection Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Benjamin Layton collection / Series 1: Biographical Files
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-031-ref27

Babies – cabinet cards

Collection Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
circa 1865-circa 1890
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Collection Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Benjamin Layton collection / Series 2: Photographs / 2.1: Historical Photograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-06-031-ref28

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