The Albert Clanton Spaulding Papers consist of correspondence, field project data, manuscripts, and teaching notes documenting his work at the University of Michigan, University of California Santa Barbara, the National Science Foundation, and field work at the Arzberger Site and Agattu.
Scope and Contents:
The Albert Clanton Spaulding Papers consist of correspondence, field project data, manuscripts, and teaching notes documenting his work at the University of Michigan, University of California Santa Barbara, the National Science Foundation, and field work at the Arzberger Site and Agattu. Although it has been noted that there are significant and inexplicable lucunae in Spaulding's papers, they nevertheless touch on most phases of his professional life. There is, however, relatively little field material.
Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
1. Correspondence, 1948-1982; 2. manuscript of Spaulding writings; 3. material concerning students; 4. site reports and field project data; 4. material regarding conferences and committees; 6. material related to work as National Science Foundation archeology program director; 7. student notebooks and dissertation; 8. material regarding the Arzberger site; 9. administrative material regarding the University of Michigan; 10. academic papers collected by Spaulding, teaching aids, and lecture notes; 11. Philip C. Phillips and Gordon R. Willey file; 12. James A. Ford file; 13. correspondence regarding publications; 14. miscellany; 15. photographs
Albert C. Spaulding was trained at Montana State University (B.A. in economics, 1935), the University of Michigan (M.A. in ahthropology, 1937), and Columbia University (Ph.D., 1946). In 1946-1947, he taught at the University of Kansas and was an assistant curator at the university's Museum of Anthropology. From 1947-1961, he taught at the University of Michigan and was curator of that university's Museum of Anthropology. In 1959-1961, Spaulding was first program director for the History and Philosophy of Science Program of the National Science Foundation and the NAS program director for anthropology. In 1963-1966, he was professor and chairman of the anthropology department at the University of Oregon. In 1967-1971, he became dean of the College of Letters and Science at the University of California at Santa Barbara and continued at that institution as professor of anthropology until 1983. Spaulding served the Society for Amercian Archeology as associate editor, secretary, vice president, and president. In 1964, he was vice president for Section H of American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Although Spaulding carried out several significant field projects, he is best rememberd for his theoretical and methodological concerns. In relating his first archeological field work, he declared: "My fundamental interest at the time (and now) was clarification of the basic concepts of archeology, which led me into explicit definitions of archaeological problems in terms of relationship between or among well-defined variables." Spaulding produced many articles and book reviews in which he dealt with such problems. Some of the best-known appeared in the pages of American Antiquity in 1953 and 1954 when be debated James A. Ford in general terms concerning teh most productive methods of archeology in general and the nature of archeological types and methods of defining them in particular. Because of his espousal of rigor in method, Spaulding is considered on of the main forerunners of the "new archeology" of the 1960s. For his work, he received the SAA distinguished Service Award in 1981.
The Albert Clanton Spaulding papers are open for research.
Access to the Albert Clanton Spaulding papers requires an appointment.
This series includes diaries, correspondence, notes, maps, anthropometric and osteometric measurements, reprints, manuscripts, and printed material related to fieldwork done in Alaska by Hrdlička and others. Of special interest is the material collected by Riley Moore on his 1912 trip to St. Lawrence Island for the Panama-California Exposition. Hrdlička made ten trips to Alaska between 1926 and 1938. On the first trip, sponsored by the Bureau of American Ethnology, he was to conduct an anthropological and archeological survey of Alaska. Other commitments kept Hrdlička from returning until 1929 when he again was sponsored by the B.A.E.; Hrdlička's purpose on this trip, as it would be on future trips, was to learn as much as possible about the Indians and Eskimos (including anthropometric measurements), to trace old settlements and migration paths, and to collect important skeletal and archeological material. In the summer of 1930, Hrdlička made two trips along the Kuskokwim River and in 1931, his work extended to the Nushagak River, the Molchatna River, the Wood River, Bristol Bay, the Kvichak River, parts of the Iliamna Lake region, and Uyak Bay of Kodiak Island. It was at this later stop that Hrdlička discovered the Jones Point (also referred to as Our Point) site in Uyak Bay. Hrdlička was aided on this trip by B.R. Hart and Gordon Jones of the Alaska Packers Association; A.W. Shiels, F. Daly, A.D. Daly, and A.S. Foster of the Pacific American Fisheries; and Laura Jones, Gordon's wife. Hrdlička retured to the Jones Point site in 1932, 1934, 1935, and for most of 1936. Besides excavating there in 1932, Hrdlička performed trial excavations at Chief's Point and other sites, and an archeological survey of Kodiak Island. He was aided again by B.R. Hart and Gordon and Laura Jones. Hrdlička returned in 1934 with a volunteer student crew, receiving in addition the help of Hart and the Joneses. That year Hrdlička added a brief Survey of the Cooks Inlet region and the mainland opposite Kodiak Island at Jones Point. The 1935 work was done exclusively at Jones Point. Hrdlička was helped again by Gordon Jones and a crew of volunteer professors and students. Four volunteers, in addition to the Joneses, accompanied Hrdlička in 1936. Excavations were carried out at Jones Point until late June. The remainder of 1936 was spent excavating at Dutch Harbor and Unalaska Island; on Atka, Kiska, Attu, Little Kiska, and Large Kiska islands; and in a mummy cave of Kagamil Island in the Four Mountain Group. Hrdlička concentrated on the Aleutian Islands and the Commander Islands for his Alaska expeditions in 1937 and 1938. In 1937 with six volunteer students, Hrdlička explored Unalaska Island and the Four Mountain Group, Attu Island, the Commander Islands, Agatu Island, Tanaga Island, Ilak Island, Adak Island, Umnak Island, and Shiprock Island. For the 1938 trip, Hrdlička purposed to collect data on pre-Aleut people, to determine if the Commander Islands served as a second land bridge, and to re-examine the burial caves and search for other such caves. He took several student volunteers. Exploration was carried out on Shiprock Island, Sviechnikov Harbor on Amlia Island, Ilak Island, Amchitka Island, Umnak Island (Nikolski village), the Commander Islands (Sarania Bay and Korabelni Bay), the Four Mountain Group, Bogoslav Island, and Amoknak Island.
See Series 37: Photographs, "Alaska Field Views" for additional materials, including illustrations used in Hrdlička's publications on Alaska. See Series 3: Correspondence, "Alaskan Reports", "Botsford, James W.", "Cary, Francis", "Cowper, Harold W., Jr.", "Erskine, John", "Erstein, Richard", "Hart, B.R.", "Jones, Gordon and Laura", "Parkes, George A." (Governor of Alaska), and "WI-WIL" for Edwin W. Wicht for letters about the Alaska expeditions. See Series 3: Correspondence, "Barton, Joe", "Bell, Earl H.", "Connor, Sydney", "Corner, George", "Gebhardt, Paul", "Guggenheim, Paul", "Heizer, Robert F.", "Laughlin, William S.", "MacRae, Thurman", "May, Alan G.", "McKee, Charles Bradford", "Osborne, Matthew F. Maury", "Seashore, Stanley E.", "Seib, George A.", "Weber, Tom", "Wineman, Walter", "Zarbell, Ivar H.", and "Zickefoose, Harold E." for correspondence with Hrdlička's volunteer professors and students. A map of Norton Sound and Seward Peninsula sites is in the Henry Bascom Collins papers.
The Aleš Hrdlička papers are currently restricted pending ethics review. Please contact the archive to discuss access or request an appointment.
Aleš Hrdlička papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The Repatriation Office, Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, provided funds for the arrangement and description of the Aleš Hrdlička papers
Stewart, T. Dale. 1979. "Patterning of Skeletal Pathologies and Epidemiology." In The First Americans: Origins, Affinities, and Adaptations. Laughlin, William S. and Harper, Albert B., editors. 257–274. New York: Gustav Fischer.
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987 Search this
2 Items (ca. inch ca. 2 inch)
Scope and Contents:
The material relates to two events: a dinner in honor of Collins, December 5, 1980, and a memorial service, November 5, 1987. Included are announcements, a guest book for the memorial, xerox copies of photographs of and writings by Collins, messages from many prominent anthropologists and archeologists, and an album of photographs and other memorabilia presented to Collins at the dinner in 1980. Particularly lengthy messages are from Moreau Browne Congleton Chambers, Frederica de Laguna, William G. Haag, Clifford Evans and Betty Jane Meggers, James Bennett Griffin, Stephen Williams, Helge Larsen, James B. Griffin, and William S. Laughlin. The photographs show Henry Bascom Collins (some by Sabra K. McCracken), Douglas H. Ubelaker, James B. Griffin, David Challinor, Richard Fiske, Regina Flannery Herzfeld, Waldo R. Wedel, John C. Ewers, Clifford Evans, Stephen Williams, Margaret Lantis, William W. Fitzhugh, Helge Larsen. Also included are photographs of St. Lawrence Island, 1959 taken by Robert E. Ackerman.
Papers on the physical anthropology of the American Indian, delivered at the fourth Viking Fund summer seminar in physical anthropology, held at the Viking Fund, September, 1949. Edited by William S. Laughlin
Physical anthropology of the American Indian
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research Search this