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Esophagoscope

Associated Name:
Jackson, Chevalier  Search this
W. A. Hirschmann  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 2 in x 11 1/8 in x 7 in; 5.08 cm x 28.2575 cm x 17.78 cm
Object Name:
endoscope
otoscope
endoscopes
otoscopes
surgical set
Other Terms:
Medicine
Place made:
Germany: Schleswig-Holstein, Berlin
Credit Line:
Chevalier Jackson Collection, from Ms. Joan Bugby
ID Number:
MG.300428.295
Catalog number:
300428.295
Accession number:
300428
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-70ec-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_726386
Online Media:

Chevalier Jackson Papers

Creator:
Jackson, Chevalier, Dr., 1865-1958 (physician)  Search this
Names:
Jefferson Medical College.  Search this
Temple University.  Search this
University of Pennsylvania  Search this
University of Pittsburgh.  Search this
University of Western Pennsylvania.  Search this
Western Medical College.  Search this
Women's College of Pennsylvania.  Search this
Foster, Gilmore  Search this
Jackson, William Stanford  Search this
Mackenzie, Morell  Search this
Morage, Katherine Ann  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (8 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Legal documents
Clippings
Biographies
Autobiographies
Books
Photographs
Correspondence
Personal papers
Place:
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Date:
1883-1955
Summary:
Collection documents Chevalier Jackson, a physician and an American pioneer in the field of endoscopy.
Scope and Contents:
The Jackson papers include autobiographical notes, a draft of a brief biography for the National Cyclopedia of America Biography, some business papers among which are correspondence relating to a mill and to repairs to a dam, several legal papers including those concerned with real estate mortgages, and letters to and from Mrs. Jackson and household servants.

There are mementos such as dried flowers, family snapshots, final notes from Dr. Jackson to his wife, advising her of actions to be taken upon his death, and drafts of his obituary. There are a number of photographs, and negatives, primarily of Dr. Jackson.

The articles, reports and reprints are primarily by Dr. Jackson but include a few by or with his son and a few by other physicians. The papers include proofs and color proofs of equipment and procedures relating to Jackson publications and four books, one of which is by Dr. Jackson.

The material, most of which is relatively recent, is in good condition. Some of the notes are in pencil but are legible.

In addition to the papers in the Archives Center, the Division of Medical Sciences has a large number of surgical instruments including Dr. Jackson's bronchoscopes, esophagoscopes, laryngoscopes and microscopes, awards and medals, items of furniture from Dr. Jackson's study and oil paintings by him. The list of instruments is seven single-spaced pages. There are many Chevalier Jackson papers and memorabilia in the National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, the Library and Museum of the College of Physicians, Philadelphia and the Library of Temple University.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into nine series.

Series 1: Personal Papers

Series 2: Correspondence

Series 3: Legal Papers (including mortgages)

Series 4: Newsclippings, Articles and Book Reviews

Series 5: Photographs

Series 6: Chronological Journal

Series 7: Reports and Reprints

Series 8: Illustrations and Proofs

Series 9: Books
Biographical / Historical:
Chevalier Jackson, a physician and an American pioneer in the field of endoscopy, was born November 14, 1865 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and died August 16, 1958 in Philadelphia. His father, William Stanford Jackson, was a stock raiser and veterinarian. His mother was Katherine Ann Morage. Family financial reverses forced a move to Crafton, Pennsylvania, a working class community. Young Chevalier was not readily accepted by his classmates and seemed to have had a difficult time during his school years there. Money earned by decorating glass and pottery enabled Chevalier Jackson to attend the University of Western Pennsylvania (University of Pittsburgh) from 1878 to 1882. He then apprenticed himself to a local physician, Gilmore Foster. Continuing to paint china at night he earned enough to enroll at the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia in 1884, from which he graduated in 1886. During vacations he sold medical books and served as a cook on a fishing boat. Following his graduation from Jefferson Dr. Jackson went to England to pursue his interest in laryngology under a world-famous authority, Morell Mackenzie.

Upon his return to Pittsburgh, Dr. Jackson opened an office limited to the practice of laryngology. His patients were mostly indigent and income from the practice was limited. In 1890 he devised an instrument to remove a dental plate that a patient had swallowed. The news of this meant referral of other patients with similar problems that caused obstruction of the esophagus, including blockages in children from swallowing lye. From that time on Dr. Jackson carried on an unremitting campaign to have lye bottles labeled as poison, until in 1927 Congress passed the Federal Caustic Labeling Act.

On July 9, 1899, Chevalier Jackson and Alice Bennett White were married. They had one child, Chevalier Lawrence Jackson, who also became a surgeon. In the year of his marriage, Dr. Jackson developed a bronchoscope that could be passed through the larynx to visualize the bronchi. He became chief of laryngology at Western Medical College in 1900. In 1902 he adapted a suggestion of placing a light carrier at the far ends of the scopes used in bronchscopy and esophagoscopy, thus making those procedures relatively safe. He and a machinist friend built the instruments in the friend's shop in Pittsburgh.

Dr. Jackson developed tuberculosis in 1911. He spent the two years of convalescence writing an important text book, Peroral Endoscopy and Laryngeal Surgery, published in 1915, the year he was made head of the Department of Laryngology at Jefferson Medical College. Appointments at the Graduate School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania followed, and his 1930 appointment to the faculty at Temple meant that Chevalier Jackson held simultaneous appointments at five Philadelphia schools. He later relinquished all appointments except the chair at Temple from which he retired in 1938 to be succeeded by his son, Chevalier Lawrence Jackson. From 1935 to 1941 Chevalier Jackson was president of the Women's College of Pennsylvania. An early advocate of equal rights, he championed the role of women in medicine.

During his noted career Dr. Jackson wrote 250 papers, twelve text books, chapters in a number of other books, and an autobiography (1938). He was somewhat eccentric. He protected his hands by wearing silk gloves, even in summer, turned doorknobs by placing his hand in his coat pocket, preferred bowing to shaking hands, and developed a reputation for social aloofness.
Materials at the National Museum of American History:
The Division of Medicine and Science has surgical instruments, awards, medals, furniture, and oil paintings owned by Chevalier Jackson. See accession numbers are 300428.338 through .343.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Mrs. Joan Bugbee (a granddaughter of Dr. Jackson), date unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but a portion of the collection is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Surgeons  Search this
Topic:
Laryngoscopy  Search this
Esophagus  Search this
Esophagoscopy  Search this
Endoscopy  Search this
Bronchoscopy  Search this
Physicians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Legal documents
Clippings
Biographies
Autobiographies
Books
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Personal papers
Citation:
Chevalier Jackson Papers, 1883-1960, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0023
See more items in:
Chevalier Jackson Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep871f2b21c-4046-40e6-a5e0-d03dcb692614
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0023
Online Media:

General, Medicine

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box SUPP 18, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1840-1962
Scope and Contents:
Contains a variety of materials including first aid and hygiene guides, a news clipping about yellow fever, a receipt for bandages, a charity letter for the treatment of tuberculosis, a list of medical officer's cases, and additional trade literature on diabetes, endocrines enzymes and protein compounds, digestion, vowel-type breathing, and practical laryngoscopy.
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Medicine, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Medicine
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Medicine / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep89101a14f-2e10-4a58-a3ef-5b78ba6497e6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-medicine-ref16

Intubation non diphtheritic Stenosis of Contributions to Practical Laryngoscopy - Recent Advances in Larynogology

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 16
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1902
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Medicine, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Medicine
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Medicine / 1: Diseases / 1.12: Intubation
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep860b93e09-dca2-4c48-84ea-d861d97208bb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-medicine-ref634

Tracheo-bronchoscopy, esophagoscopy and gastroscopy. By Chevalier Jackson ... With five colored plates and many illustrations

Author:
Jackson, Chevalier 1865-1958  Search this
Physical description:
199 p. illus., V col. pl. 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1907
Topic:
Laryngoscopy  Search this
Laryngoscopes  Search this
Gastroscopy  Search this
Gastroscopes  Search this
Call number:
RC786 .J2X
RC786.J2X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_122948

Chronic diseases of the larynx, with special reference to laryngoscopic diagnosis and local therapeutics. By Dr. Adelbert Tobold ... Tr. from the German and ed. by George M. Beard ... With an introduction on the history and art of laryngoscopy and rhinoscopy ... by the editor ..

Author:
Tobold, Adelbert 1827-1907  Search this
Beard, George Miller 1839-1883  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 279 p. illus. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1868
Topic:
Larynx--Diseases  Search this
Laryngoscopy  Search this
Laryngoscopes  Search this
Call number:
RC794 .T62X
RC794.T62X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_124273

Peroral endoscopy and laryngeal surgery, by Chevalier Jackson. With six colored plates and 490 illustrations

Author:
Jackson, Chevalier 1865-1958  Search this
Killian, Gustav 1860-  Search this
Hageman, J. A  Search this
Physical description:
710, xxv p. illus., vi col. pl. 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1915
Topic:
Endoscopy  Search this
Endoscopes  Search this
Respiratory organs--Diseases--Diagnosis  Search this
Esophagus--Examination  Search this
Larynx--Surgery  Search this
Call number:
RC786 .J15X
RC786.J15X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_90534

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