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The Genus Haemaphysalis (Acari: Ixodidae) in Laos: An Update of Species Records and a Review of Taxonomic Challenges

Author:
Vongphayloth, Khamsing  Search this
Apanaskevich, Dmitry A.  Search this
Lakeomany, Khaithong  Search this
Phommavanh, Nothasine  Search this
Sinh Nam, Vu  Search this
Fiorenzano, Jodi M.  Search this
Hertz, Jeffrey C.  Search this
Sutherland, Ian W.  Search this
Brey, Paul T.  Search this
Robbins, Richard G.  Search this
Editor:
Hamer, Sarah  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
2022
Citation:
Vongphayloth, Khamsing, Apanaskevich, Dmitry A., Lakeomany, Khaithong, Phommavanh, Nothasine, Sinh Nam, Vu, Fiorenzano, Jodi M., Hertz, Jeffrey C., Sutherland, Ian W., Brey, Paul T., and Robbins, Richard G. 2022. "The Genus Haemaphysalis (Acari: Ixodidae) in Laos: An Update of Species Records and a Review of Taxonomic Challenges." Journal of medical entomology, 59, (6) 1986–1992. https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjac075.
Identifier:
167495
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjac075
ISSN:
0022-2585
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_167495

This Chinese Emperor Was Betrayed by His Mother's Lover

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2018-05-11T15:30:08.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_f5OzfQE_ss0

The Giant Huntsman is a Cave Spider of Nightmarish Proportions

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2019-06-12T15:30:02.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_zMWFWJa2MXA

Instruments of the Dimen Dong

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2020-04-14T23:27:18.000Z
YouTube Category:
People & Blogs  Search this
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolklife
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolklife
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_AEOkmU3w5kM

Folk songs of Laos: Lao - Village orchestra music; Khene music

Collection Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (sound-tape reel, analog, 7 in.)
Culture:
Laotians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Place:
Laos
Contents:
Lao Village Orchestra: A peoplre of Burma making a voyage in a pirogue--Laotian love song--Song about the work of the people of Burma--Music for walking in the garden--Two canals--Lao fishing song--Lao flute--Story of a Lao playing a flute to obtain some precious jewels--Unidentified Lao song; Khene music: Lying down on a seat--Song for receiving guests--Archaic story about laughter--Song of Luang Prabang--Song of the bird--Song about the King of Laos--Song played a young man for his sweetheart--Three bamboo poles--Goddbye Sweetheart (Auld lang syne)
Local Numbers:
FW-ASCH-7RR-1792
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Laos, July 18, 1957.
General:
CDR copy
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
World music  Search this
Collection Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH, Item FW-ASCH-7RR-1792
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Moses and Frances Asch Collection / Series 9: Audio Recordings / CD / CDR copy
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5bc5e64b0-c6d8-4bb4-af79-7dbbeacba74d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-asch-ref20217

Anthurium llanense Croat

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
Thomas B. Croat  Search this
Type Citation:
Croat, T. B. 1986. Monogr. Missouri Bot. Gard. 14: 128.
Type Status:
Isotype
Place:
El Llano - Carti road, near Gorgas Lao mosquito control project site., Panamá, Panama, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
1 Aug 1974
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Arales Araceae Pothoideae
Published Name:
Anthurium llanense Croat
Barcode:
00087869
USNM Number:
2952549
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Type Register
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/381948a9e-71cf-4cf4-ad8d-62a547da9d31
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2114054

Gathering leaves & lifting words histories of Buddhist monastic education in Laos and Thailand Justin Thomas McDaniel

Title:
Gathering leaves and lifting words
Author:
McDaniel, Justin  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 358 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates illustrations 23 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Laos
Thailand
Thaïlande
Date:
2008
Topic:
Buddhism--Study and teaching--History  Search this
Buddhist monks--Education--History  Search this
Bouddhisme--Étude et enseignement--Histoire  Search this
Moines bouddhistes--Éducation--Histoire  Search this
11.93 Buddhism  Search this
Buddhism--Study and teaching  Search this
Buddhist monks--Training of  Search this
Buddhismus  Search this
Mönchtum  Search this
Religiöse Erziehung  Search this
Monasteries  Search this
Education  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1147095

Idole de la Déesse KI MÂO SÁO dans le Royaume de Mang au pays des Laos

Designer:
Antoine Watteau, (French, 1684–1721)  Search this
Print Maker:
Michel-Guillaume Aubert, French, ca. 1700–1757  Search this
Publisher:
Marguerite Caillou Chéreau, French, active 1729–1755  Search this
Louis Surugue, French, 1686–1762  Search this
Director of Production:
Jean de Jullienne, French, 1686–1766  Search this
Medium:
Etching on laid paper
Object Name:
Bound print
Type:
Bound print
Published in:
Paris, France
Date:
1731
Credit Line:
Purchased for the Museum by the Advisory Council
Accession Number:
1921-6-224-83
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq46af682da-edf9-4433-be2c-ea4ffd18b969
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1921-6-224-83

A history of maritime trade in Northern Vietnam, 12th to 18th Centuries archaeological investigations in Vandon and Phohien Yuriko Kikuchi

Author:
Kikuchi, Yuriko  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 290 pages illustrations, maps 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Vietnam
Asia
Viêt-nam
Asie
Date:
2021
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Fouilles (Archéologie)  Search this
Commerce  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1153162

Census data from 65 tree plots in Panama, 1994-2015

Author:
Condit, Richard S.  Search this
Pérez, Rolando  Search this
Aguilar, Salomón  Search this
Lao, Suzanne  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
2019
Citation:
Condit, Richard S., Pérez, Rolando, Aguilar, Salomón, and Lao, Suzanne. 2019. [Dataset] Census data from 65 tree plots in Panama, 1994-2015. Distributed by Dryad. https://doi.org/10.15146/MDPR-PM59.
Identifier:
167318
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.15146/MDPR-PM59
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_167318

History on the run secrecy, fugitivity, and Hmong refugee epistemologies Ma Vang

Author:
Vang, Ma 1982-  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (xiii, 257 pages) illustrations, maps
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
History
Place:
United States
États-Unis
Date:
2021
Topic:
Hmong Americans--History  Search this
Hmong Americans--Cultural assimilation  Search this
Refugees  Search this
Américains d'origine miao--Histoire  Search this
Américains d'origine miao--Acculturation  Search this
Miao (Peuple d'Asie)  Search this
Réfugiés  Search this
SOCIAL SCIENCE--Ethnic Studies--Asian American Studies  Search this
Hmong Americans  Search this
Hmong (Asian people)  Search this
Restrictions & Rights:
Use copy Restrictions unspecified
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1156451

Amburana cearensis (Allemão) A.C. Sm.

Biogeographical Region:
83 - Western South America  Search this
Collector:
-- Lao  Search this
Preparation:
Wood Sample
Place:
Rio Huallaga, margen Derecha del; Balsa Probana; dtto. Tocache Nuevo, Mariscal Cáceres, San Martín, Peru, South America - Neotropics
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Fabales Fabaceae Papilionoideae
Published Name:
Amburana cearensis (Allemão) A.C. Sm.
USNM Number:
USw35954
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Wood Collection
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/38a9cf66b-bc3a-4858-a028-8cbf0ec36b69
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2771344

Poem in running script

Artist:
Lao Zhibian (1639-1714)  Search this
Medium:
Ink on gold paper
Dimensions:
H x W (image): 25.9 x 19 cm (10 3/16 x 7 1/2 in)
Type:
Calligraphy
Origin:
China
Date:
ca. 1685
Period:
Qing dynasty
Topic:
Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911)  Search this
poem  Search this
running script  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number:
F1986.3a
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye3ac03a2f4-caae-42a1-b60c-d5b9f7ca2119
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_F1986.3a

Mary Shepherd Slusser papers

Creator:
Slusser, Mary Shepherd  Search this
Extent:
7.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Laos
Vietnam
Nepal
Ipiutak Site (Point Hope, Alaska)
Southeast Asia
Arctic regions
Date:
circa 1950 - circa 1995
Scope and Contents:
The papers relate to three phases of Mary Slusser's life: archaeological study; her life and work in Vietnam and Laos; and her work in Nepal. The latter is fairly narrowly focused on her scholarly work, particiularly on her Nepal monograph. The Southeast Asian material more broadly concerns her life in Southeast Asia, including personal letters and journals.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
The colletion is organized into 3 series: (1) Arctic Archaeology, A possible culture connection between the Eurasian Steppe and the Ipiutak Site of northern Alaska, with photographs, photograph of Helge Larsen; (2) Laos and Vietnam, including alphabetical file, ethnographic notes, manuscript on Vietnam people, and photographs; and (3) Nepal, including correspondence, subject file, maps and plans, and writings.
Biographical Note:
Mary Shepherd Slusser (1918-2017) was born in Canada and became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1934. She was educated at the University of Michigan and Columbia University (Ph.D., 1950). The main focus of her graduate work was on archaeology. She also studied at the Institute of Fine Arts at New York University, and she took archaeology courses at Harvard University.

In 1951-1958, Slusser worked for the United States Department of State, responsible for anthropological reports concerning Latin America and then Southeast Asia. Following her husband's posting in Vietnam, she was stationed in Saigon beginning in 1954. While there, she produced basic ethnological studies of Vietnam and Laos.

In more recent years, Dr. Slusser accompanied her husband on other assignments. For five years she lived in Yugoslavia, then West Africa, and finally more than six years in Nepal. At the request of the Department of Anthropology of the National Museum of Natural History, on her arrival in Nepal in 1965 she made for them a small ethnographic collection from the Kathmandu Valley. Confronted by a dearth of basic works on Nepalese history and culture, she began research that would continue the next twenty years and lead to the publication of Nepal Mandala: A Cultural Study of Kethmandu Valley, 2 volumes, Princeton, New Jersey, Princeton University Press, 1982. Her bibliography also includes numerous academic papers and two more books devoted to Nepalese art and culture.

Returning to Washington, D.C. in 1971 she worked for the privately founded Museum of African Art (which later fused with the National Museum of African Art) and completed the writing of the above mentioned two-volume study. In 1989 she received a Post-Doctoral Fellowship from the Freer and Sackler Galleries of the Smithsonian Institution which led to a position as Senior Research Associate. Also in 1989 she was invited to Kathmandu to oversee the establishment of the Patan Museum devoted to the art of Nepal. She was a member of the Society of Women Geographers for which she recorded an oral history in 2012.
Related Materials:
The Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress holds an oral history interview with Slusser in the Society of Woman Geographers records, 1905-2015. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives also holds a copy of the interview.
Restrictions:
Access to the Mary Shepherd Slusser papers requires an appointment.
Citation:
Mary Shepherd Slusser papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1983.0407
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e048c45a-13a7-4ff2-a243-38f5c6db5569
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1983-0407

UNESCO Collection of Traditional Music of the World records

Creator:
UNESCO  Search this
Extent:
27 Boxes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business records
Audiotapes
Compact discs
Date:
circa 1961-2006
Summary:
This collection, which dates from circa 1961-2006, contains audiorecordings from the UNESCO Collection of Traditional Music of the World, as well as related business records. Includes recordings of tradition and sacred music from Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Malawi, Niger, Sudan, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Cuba, Peru, Afghanistan, Australia, Cambodia, China, Korea, the Solomon Islands, India, Bali, Java, Japan, Laos, Mongolia, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, Thailand, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Morocco, Oman, Syria, and Turkey.
Biographical/Historical note:
The UNESCO Collection of Traditional Music of the World included more than a hundred pioneering audio recordings of the world's traditional music published from 1961 to 2003 on a number of different recording labels. The series was launched in 1961 in collaboration with ethnomusicologist Alain Daniélou (1907-1994) and the International Music Council (created by UNESCO in 1949). The recordings in the Collection are mostly field recordings made in situ, in their original context. Each recording is accompanied by scholarly annotations and photographs. Together, these discs are a reflection of the immense variety of music making and of the position music holds within cultures around the globe.
Shared Stewardship of Collections:
The Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage acknowledges and respects the right of artists, performers, Folklife Festival participants, community-based scholars, and knowledge-keepers to collaboratively steward representations of themselves and their intangible cultural heritage in media produced, curated, and distributed by the Center. Making this collection accessible to the public is an ongoing process grounded in the Center's commitment to connecting living people and cultures to the materials this collection represents. To view the Center's full shared stewardship policy, which defines our protocols for addressing collections-related inquiries and concerns, please visit https://folklife.si.edu/archives#shared-stewardship.
Restrictions:
Access to the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections is by appointment only. Visit our website for more information on scheduling a visit or making a digitization request. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
Sacred music  Search this
Folk music -- Europe  Search this
Folk music -- Caribbean Area  Search this
Folk music -- South America  Search this
Folk music -- Middle East  Search this
Folk music -- Asia, Central  Search this
Folk music -- Africa  Search this
Folk music -- Australia  Search this
Folk music -- Asia, Southeastern  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records
Audiotapes
Compact discs
Citation:
UNESCO Collection of Traditional Music of the World records, Ralph Rinzler Folklikfe Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.UNES
See more items in:
UNESCO Collection of Traditional Music of the World records
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk567c3c14a-5422-48dc-bf32-27eb4e6b311b
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-cfch-unes

Vietnam War and Air Assault School Color Slides [Scott]

Creator:
Scott, James  Search this
Extent:
0.03 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1971-1974
Summary:
James Scott served in the US Army, 1st Battalion, 11th Infantry, 1st Brigade (Separate), 5th Infantry Division during the Vietnam War/ Following his tour in Vietnam, Scott was transferred to the 173rd Airborne Brigade (later deactivated and redesignated as the 3rd Brigade (Airborne), 101st Airborne Division (Air Mobile)) and went with that unit to Fort Campbell, Kentucky. Scott was an infantry captain on the team which created the 101st Airborne Division Air Assault School in 1973. This collection consists of thirty-one 35mm color slides documenting James Scott's service with the US Army.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of thirty-one 35mm color slides documenting James Scott's service with the US Army. Nine of the images are from Scott's time with the 1st Battalion, 11th Infantry, 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division during the Vietnam War. Five were taken during an assault by the 1/11 infantry on the abandoned Khe Sanh Combat Base at the initiation of Operation DEWEY CANYON II on January 30, 1971. The other four images from Vietnam are views taken from helicopters flying in the region of Khe Sanh. The remaining twenty-two slides in the collection were taken at the 101st Airborne Division Air Assault School at Fort Campbell, Kentucky in 1973--1974 and show various training and aircraft familiarization activities. Several show the experimental Helicopter Tree Landing Platform (HTLP). Aircraft shown in the photographs include the Bell UH-1 Iroquois (Huey), Sikorsky (S-64A) CH-54A Tarhe (Skycrane), Boeing-Vertol CH-47A Chinook, Bell AH-1 Cobra, and the Bell OH-58 Kiowa.
Arrangement:
Collection is in original order. It was organized by the donor in two series - images taken in Vietnam and images taken at the 101st Airborne Division Air Assault School at Fort Campbell, Kentucky.
Biographical / Historical:
James Scott served in the US Army, 1st Battalion, 11th Infantry, 1st Brigade (Separate), 5th Infantry Division during the Vietnam War. On January 30, 1971, Scott's Battalion was the lead unit to move into the abandoned Khe Sanh Combat Base, while encountering limited enemy contact en route, as part of Operation DEWEY CANYON II. This allowed for an airstrip to be established at Khe Sahn to serve as a support base for Operation LAM SON 719, an offensive campaign to cut enemy supply lines and clear the way for an invasion of Laos by the Republic of Vietnam. Following his tour in Vietnam, Scott was transferred to the 173rd Airborne Brigade (later deactivated and redesignated as the 3rd Brigade (Airborne), 101st Airborne Division (Air Mobile)) and went with that unit to Fort Campbell, Kentucky. Scott was an infantry captain on the team which created the 101st Airborne Division Air Assault School in 1973. James Scott earned Senior Parachute Wings, was awarded the Combat Infantry Badge, the Bronze Star, and the Army Commendation Medal, before leaving active duty with the US Army in 1975 at the rank of captain. Following his military career, Scott was a civilian employee with the Department of Defense including work at the US Army Missile Command at Redstone Arsenal, Alabama and the Naval Air Systems Command in Arlington, Virginia.
Provenance:
James Scott, Gift, 2022, NASM.2023.0004.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Vietnam War, 1961-1975  Search this
Bell UH-1 Iroquois (Huey) Series  Search this
Boeing-Vertol CH-47A Chinook,  Search this
Citation:
Vietnam War and Air Assault School Color Slides [Scott], NASM.2023.0004, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2023.0004
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg21f90f7f9-20ca-4c70-8288-59c160f7c62a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2023-0004

Mary Slusser Collection

Extent:
28.57 Cubic feet
Culture:
Nepal -- Architecture  Search this
Nepal -- Art  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Bhaktapur (Nepal)
Nepal
Kathmandu Valley (Nepal)
Nepal -- Description and Travel
Tibet (China)
Vietnam
Canada
Himalaya Mountains
Date:
1933-2017
Scope and Contents:
Mary Slusser (1918-2017) was a prominent scholar of Nepalese art, architecture, and cultural history. This collection contains personal files, professional correspondence, research files, travel documents, and photographs. The research files relate to her study of specific subjects and contain mixed media. Photographic materials include prints, slides, negatives, contact sheets, and digital images on compact discs in both color and black and white. Most of the collections are related to her study of Nepal, though other countries are represented including Tibet, Laos, China, and Vietnam. Subjects include firsthand observations of objects and sites; notes on secondary sources; correspondence with fellow scholars; manuscript drafts; and records of her work on the gallery space, and guide to, the Patan Museum. The earliest materials date from 1951 during the beginning of her time living abroad alongside her husband, while both worked for the State Department. The materials continue through 2017, reflecting her dedicated scholarship and travel through the end of her life.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into five series:

• Series 1: Biographical Materials

• Series 2: Correspondence

• Series 3: Research Files

• Series 4: Travel Files

• Series 5: Photographic Materials
Biographical / Historical:
Dr. Mary Slusser (1918-2017) was born as Mary Shepherd in Welland, Ontario to George Percy and Ethel Mary Shepherd. Her family moved to Michigan the following year and Slusser became a naturalized US citizen in 1934. Slusser followed her sister, Dorothy Shepherd (1916-1992), to the University of Michigan, where Mary graduated with a bachelor's degree in 1942. During her studies at Michigan, she met Robert Slusser, whom she would marry in 1944. Slusser moved to New York City in 1942, again following the path of her sister, Dorothy, who had enrolled in graduate school at New York University's Institute of Fine Arts. Slusser undertook some coursework at NYU as a part-time student. Slusser would eventually complete her graduate studies at Columbia University, earning a PhD in anthropology in 1950. She completed some of her coursework at Harvard University, while her husband studied at nearby Tufts University. Her dissertation was titled "Preliminary archeological studies of northern Central Chile."

Next, Slusser worked as a research analyst at the US State Department. Her husband also worked at the agency and spent much of his career completing foreign service appointments as an economist with USAID. Slusser accompanied her husband to his various overseas posts, beginning in 1954 in Vietnam. The Slussers would live and work abroad in Vietnam, Yugoslavia, Guinea, Nepal, and Tunisia. Slusser continued to work for the State Department as a field anthropologist. Mary received funding from the Smithsonian to acquire a small collection of Nepalese artifacts. She immediately took to learning about the art and culture of the region. She found a dearth of English-language information on the area and did her own field work and engaged with local scholars to fill in the gaps. She remained in Nepal for five years, contracted by the Smithsonian to write a guide to Nepal. Her research would lead to Nepal Mandala: A Cultural Study of Kathmandu Valley, a two-volume set of text and images, predominantly her own photographs, which was published in 1982.

Robert Slusser retired in 1980, and he and Mary permanently settled in Washington, DC. Her scholarly work took her to museums, first at the Museum of African Art as a curatorial assistant from 1975 to 1978, and then a post-doctoral fellowship at the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery in 1989. After her fellowship, Slusser was asked to remain at the museum as a research associate, an unpaid position she held for the rest of her career. Slusser continued to publish works on Nepalese art, including the 2010 book, The Antiquity of Nepalese Wood Carving: a Reassessment, co-authored with Paul Jett, a conservator at the museum. Slusser used carbon dating tests to show that many Nepalese wood sculptures were much older than originally thought. Slusser also contributed to the establishment of the Patan Museum in Nepal, which opened in 1997. She served as the museum's cultural advisor and curator and wrote the museum guide and many of the exhibition materials.

Slusser continued to travel to Nepal and other parts of central Asia well into her eighties, often visiting remote sites on foot with the aid of local guides. Slusser stayed active at home, continuing her research work despite declining eyesight and hearing. She died in 2017 at age 98.
Related Materials:
Mary Shepherd Slusser papers, circa 1950 – circa 1995, National Museum of National History, National Anthropolgical Archives, NAA.1983.0407

Dorothy Shepard Photographs, National Museum of Asian Art Archives, FSA.A2015.12

Russell Hamilton Postcard and Photograph Collection, National Museum of Asian Art Archives, FSA.A2001.13

Russell Hamilton postcards, between 1900-1909, National Museum of African Art, Eliot Elisophon Photographic Archives, EEPA.2003-001
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce and publish an item from the Archives is coordinated through the National Museum of Asian Art's Rights and Reproductions department. Please contact the Archives in order to initiate this process.
Topic:
Wood-carving  Search this
Art, Asian -- Research  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Photography -- Archives  Search this
Citation:
Mary Slusser Collection, FSA.A2015.21. National Museum of Asian Art Archives. Gift of Mary Slusser.
Identifier:
FSA.A2015.21
See more items in:
Mary Slusser Collection
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc353b3a07b-752e-43ad-a50d-d8fb86c5b628
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a2015-21

71st Aerial Refueling Squadron Photographs [Considine]

Creator:
Considine, John E.  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Cubic feet (1 slim box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Date:
bulk 1964-1969
Summary:
John E. Considine was in the United States Air Force from 1964 to 1969 during which time he was assigned to the 71st Aerial Refueling Squadron stationed at Dow Air Force Base, Maine. During 1967 and 1968, Considine was assigned to temporary duty at U-Tapao Royal Thai Navy Airfield and Takhli Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand. This collection consists of 199 cardboard mounted 35mm color slides of images taken by Considine during his service with the US Air Force in and around Takhli Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand; U-Tapao Royal Thai Navy Airfield, Thailand; and Dow Air Force Base, Maine; as well as images taken in flight over Laos and North Vietnam. The collection also includes some prints made from the slides as well as CDs of scans made from the slides by the donor.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of approximately 199 cardboard mounted 35mm color slides. Accompanying the slides are CDs of scans made by the donor. The collection also contains twenty-one 4 by 6 inch color prints of images that are in the slides/CDs. Photos were taken in and around Takhli Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand; U-Tapao Royal Thai Navy Airfield, Thailand; and Dow Air Force Base, Maine. There are also images taken in flight over Laos and North Vietnam. Many of the photographs are air to air views taken from the tanker during aerial refueling operations and there are also photographs of various squadron personnel and facilities as well as a set of images of the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds aerial demonstration team performing. Aircraft depicted in the photographs include the Republic F-105 Thunderchief; Boeing RB-47 Stratojet; Boeing RC-135; Boeing B-52 Stratofortress; Boeing KC-135; Convair B-58 Hustler; North American F-100 Super Sabre; McDonnell F-101 Voodoo; McDonnell F-4C (F-110A) Phantom II; Douglas RB-66 Destroyer; Lockheed F-104 Starfighter; and North American F-86 Sabre.

Images shown with this collection are repurposed from the scans provided by the donor.
Arrangement:
Collection is in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
John E. Considine was in the United States Air Force from 1964 to 1969. Considine completed navigator training at James Connally Air Force Base, Texas, and then was assigned to the 71st Aerial Refueling Squadron stationed at Dow Air Force Base, Maine. During 1967 and 1968, Considine was assigned to temporary duty at U-Tapao Royal Thai Navy Airfield and Takhli Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand. The 71st Aerial Refueling Squadron was moved to Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana in 1968 and Considine retired in 1969 at the rank of captain.
Provenance:
John E. Considine, Gift, 2017, NASM.2017.0046
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Vietnam War, 1961-1975  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Republic F-105 Thunderchief Family  Search this
North American F-100 Super Sabre (Sabre 45) Family  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
71st Aerial Refueling Squadron Photographs [Considine], NASM.2017.0046, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2017.0046
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg22ade4c0f-db41-47ec-8f93-e60687ab9a97
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2017-0046
Online Media:

William A. Smalley papers

Creator:
Smalley, William Allen  Search this
Extent:
18.11 Linear feet (19 boxes, 2 map folders, 40 sound recordings, and 3 computer disks)
Culture:
Hmong (Asian people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Thailand -- Languages
Laos
Thailand
Vietnam
Date:
1943-1998
Summary:
William A. Smalley (1923-1997) was a missionary and anthropological linguist. This collection mainly concerns his work with Hmong scripts and the Khmu' language and contains correspondence, notes, writings, reference materials, photographs, and sound recordings.
Scope and Contents:
These papers document William A. Smalley's work and research as an anthropological linguist and missionary, two roles that were often intertwined, through his correspondence, notes, writings, reference materials, photographs, and sound recordings. Smalley's research on Hmong scripts, particularly Pahawh, and the Hmong people make up a significant portion of the collection. Noteworthy are a collection of published and unpublished manuscripts written in Pahawh script and primers and writing samples of other Hmong scripts. Aside from some letters and 1953 conference reports by Smalley and G. Linwood Barney, there is little material from his work in developing Hmong RPA. Other materials relating to RPA include a Hmong-English dictionary by Ernest E. Heimbach and a Hmong-French dictionary by Father Yves Bertrais. Also in the collection are Smalley's research on Khmu' and Thai languages and dialects and several Khmu' primers. As a missionary linguist, Smalley created guides for missionaries learning Khmu' and Vietnamese, as well as a guide to pronouncing Egyptian Arabic, all of which are in the collection. Reprints for a large portion of his articles can also be found in the collection, reflecting his interests in linguistics, anthropology, missionary work, and Southeast Asia. In addition, the collection contains drafts of his unfinished book, Liberation of an Evangelical and his work editing The Bible in Cross-Cultural Perspective by Jack Loewen. Photographs in the collection are composed mostly of 35mm slides and some prints and negatives. Most of the images are of Southeast Asia along with some photos of Africa, Haiti, New Guinea, and Hong Kong. There are also photos of Hmongs in the United States and photos for his book, Mother of Writing: the Origin and Development of a Hmong Messianic Script. The sound recordings are composed mostly of interviews he conducted for his research on Thailand, Hmongs in the United States, and the Pahawh Hmong script. Additional materials in the collection are his writings as a college student published in the Houghton Star, the school newspaper for which he also served as chief editor.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
Arranged into 11 series: (1) Correspondence, 1973-1999; (1) Hmong, 1952-1997; (3) Khmu', 1952-1997; (4) Thailand, 1960-1987; (5) Writings, 1949-1997; (6) Talks, 1974-1997; (7) Writings by Others, 1977, 1994-1998; (8) Houghton College, 1943-1945, 1982; (9) Photographs, 1950-1990; (10) Sound Recordings, 1976-1994; (11) Maps, 1977-1978
Biographical Note:
William A. Smalley was born April 4, 1923, in Jerusalem, Palestine. His parents were American missionaries for the Christian and Missionary Alliance, working among Arabs in Jerusalem and Transjordan. In 1934, Smalley and his family moved back to the United States. In reflecting upon his upbringing, Smalley writes, "My parents were thoroughly, deeply devoted both to Christ and to the Alliance, but they drew their boundaries more widely than many." According to Smalley, "My home was intellectually more open than some Alliance homes; my upbringing was somewhat less doctrinaire." (Smalley 1991)

Smalley attended Houghton College, where he developed an interest in anthropology, which he saw as relevant to missionary work. After graduating from Houghton in 1945 with a degree in English literature, he attended the Missionary Training Institute (1945-1946) and received linguistic training in Bible translation at the Summer Institute of Linguistics (SIL) at the University of Oklahoma (1946-1947). In 1946 he also enrolled in Columbia University's graduate program in anthropology with a concentration in linguistics. According to Smalley, he discovered his "intellectual niche" studying at SIL, while "the anthropological training at Columbia gave linguistics a broader cultural context." "I became absorbed in the challenge to understand my faith in Christ in light of all I was learning about human culture." (Smalley 1991)

In 1950, Smalley was sent to Vietnam by the Christian and Missionary Alliance. There, Smalley worked on language analysis problems in the southern region of the country. The following year, he was sent to Luang Prabang, Laos to analyze the Khmu' language and prepare language lessons for other missionaries to learn the language. While in Laos, Smalley also worked with Reverend G. Linwood Barney and Father Yves Bertrais in developing a writing system for the Hmong people. Together, they developed the Hmong Romanized Popular Alphabet (RPA), which is the most widely used Hmong writing system today.

With the outbreak of civil war in Laos, Smalley and his wife were forced to return to the United States in 1954. He completed his dissertation on the Khmu' language and was awarded his doctorate in 1956. An abbreviated version of his dissertation was later published in 1961 as Outline of Khmu' Structure.

Over the next several years, Smalley worked primarily in Southeast Asia as a translation consultant for the American Bible Society (1954-1969) and as a regional translations coordinator (1969-1972) and translation consultant (1972-1977) with the United Bible Societies. Due to his work, he resided in Thailand from 1962 to 1967 and from 1969 to 1972. (He also lived in Thailand as a Fulbright research fellow in 1985 and 1986.) In 1977, he decided to leave the United Bible Societies after 23 years. Unable to find employment, he worked briefly at a discount toy store.

In 1978, Smalley relocated to St. Paul, Minnesota, to accept a position as professor of linguistics at Bethel University (1978-1987). In Minnesota, he unexpectedly found that thousands of Hmong refugees were also settling in the Twin Cities, which guided his research over the next decade. As an Honorary Fellow (1982-1984) with the University of Minnesota Southeast Asia Refugee Studies Program, he took part in a project studying Hmong adaptation to life in the United States, publishing "Adaptive Language Strategies of the Hmong: From Asian Mountains to American Ghettos" (1985) and "Stages of Hmong Cultural Adaptation" (1986). He also studied the different Hmong scripts that had developed since RPA, in particular Pahawh Hmong script, which was created in 1959 in Laos by Shong Lue Yang. Smalley published two books on the script and its creator— Mother of Writing: The Origin and Development of a Hmong Messianic Script (1990) and The Life of Shong Lue Yang: Hmong "Mother of Writing" (1990), both of which he co-authored with Chia Koua Vang and Gnia Yee Yang.

In addition to his work on the Hmong, Smalley researched the different languages and dialects of Thailand, publishing Linguistic Diversity and National Unity: Language Ecology in Thailand (1994); "Thailand's Hierarchy of Multilingualism" (1988); and "Language and Power: Evolution of Thailand's Multilingualism" (1996). As a student at Columbia University, he had also studied Comanche phonology and morphology, coauthoring with Henry Osborn "Formulae for Comanche Stem and Word Formation" (1949).

In 1955, Smalley took over editorship of Practical Anthropology (now known as Missiology), which he edited from 1955 to1968. He also served as associate editor for Bible Translator (1957-59) and Language Sciences (1983-92).

When he retired from Bethel College in 1987, he was awarded the college's first annual Distinguished Teaching Award. In his retirement, he continued to write extensively and also edited Jacob A. Loewen's book, The Bible in Cross-Cultural Perspective, for which he wrote an introduction.

In 1997, Smalley died of a heart attack at the age of 74.

Sources Consulted

Smalley, William. "My Pilgrimage in Mission." International Bulletin of Missionary Research 15, no. 2 (1991): 70-73.

Beckstrom, Maja. "Scholar of Hmong language praised for 'invaluable' work." St. Paul Pioneer Press, December 21, 1997: 1B, 6B.

Chronology

1923 -- Born April 4 in Jerusalem, Palestine

1945 -- Earns B.A. from Houghton College in English Literature

1945-1946 -- Studies at Missionary Training Institute

1946-1947 -- Studies at Summer Institute of Linguistics at University of Oklahoma

1950 -- Serves as missionary linguist in Vietnam

1951 -- Assigned to Luang Prabang, Laos to analyze the Khmu' language and prepare language lessons for other missionaries to learn the language

1951-1953 -- Works with Reverend G. Linwood Barney and Father Yves Bertrais in developing Hmong RPA

1954-1969 -- Translation consultant for American Bible Society

1955-1968 -- Editor of Practical Anthropology (now known as Missiology)

1956 -- Receives doctorate in linguistic anthropology at Columbia University

1961 -- Publishes Outline of Khmu' Structure

1969-1972 -- Regional translations coordinator with the United Bible Societies

1972-1977 -- Translation consultant with the United Bible Societies

1978-1987 -- Professor of linguistics at Bethel College

1982-1984 -- Honorary fellow with the University of Minnesota Southeast Asia Refugee Studies Program studying Hmong adaptation to life in the United States

1985-1986 -- Fulbright Fellow studying linguistic diversity and national unity in Thailand

1990 -- Publishes Mother of Writing: The Origin and Development of a Hmong Messianic Script and The Life of Shong Lue Yang: Hmong "Mother of Writing"

1994 -- Publishes Linguistic Diversity and National Unity: Language Ecology in Thailand

1997 -- Dies of a heart attack at the age of 74 on December 16
Related Materials:
Smalley's Pahawh Hmong project was funded by the Indochina Studies Center, Social Science Research Council. Upon the completion of the project, the Indochina Studies Center arranged for some of his Pahawh Hmong research materials to be deposited at the Library of Congress as part of the archives of programs that the center has funded. The materials deposited at the Library of Congress include photographs, sound recordings, and a collection of published and unpublished manuscripts written in Pahawh and Sayaboury script. Indices and descriptions of the materials deposited can be found in Series 2: Hmong, Sub-series 2.2 Pahawh, "[Pahawh Hmong Project]." Not all of the materials that were sent to the Library of Congress are present in this collection and vice versa. Among the materials absent from this collection are some of the photographs, four sound recordings, and most of the Sayaboury manuscripts.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Jane Smalley.
Restrictions:
Three tape recordings and the associated transcripts of the interviews that Smalley conducted for his research on the Pahawh Hmong script are restricted until 2040.

Access to the William A. Smalley papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Vietnamese language  Search this
Missionaries  Search this
Anthropological linguistics  Search this
Hmong language -- writing  Search this
Khmu' language  Search this
Citation:
William A. Smalley papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2006-06
See more items in:
William A. Smalley papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3666e0d48-196b-42c2-b1f4-83cbb27f4d93
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2006-06

Thomas Weir photographs of Southeast Asia

Creator:
Weir, Thomas  Search this
Extent:
12 Negatives (acetate)
13 Color slides
Culture:
Vietnamese  Search this
Cambodians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Color slides
Photographs
Place:
Vietnam
Cambodia
Date:
circa 1965-1980
Scope and Contents note:
Images of people, pottery making, and a market in Vietnam. The photographs were probably made in Cambodia and Vietnam, though they may have also been made in Laos, Thailand, Burma, or Malaysia.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 85-27
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs by Thomas Weir can be found in the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives in EEPA 1987-0001.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Markets  Search this
Pottery craft  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
NAA Photo lot 85-27, Thomas Weir photographs of Southeast Asia, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.85-27
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34236baf0-3c66-460e-9205-675600288218
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-85-27

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