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De Nyew Testament

Title:
New Testament translated into Gullah-Geechee
Published by:
American Bible Society, American, founded 1816  Search this
Medium:
ink , paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W x D (closed): 8 1/2 × 5 3/8 × 7/8 in. (21.6 × 13.7 × 2.2 cm)
Type:
Bibles
Place printed:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
United States, Sea Islands, North and Central America
Date:
2005
Topic:
African American  Search this
Folklife  Search this
Language  Search this
Religion  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Deborah L. Mack
Object number:
2015.156.1
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Religious and Sacred Objects
Exhibition:
Cultural Expressions
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 050
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5cf4b267a-1aec-4bc8-a6da-1f8d736fc984
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2015.156.1
Online Media:

Homegirls & Handgrenades

Written by:
Sonia Sanchez, American, born 1934  Search this
Published by:
Thunder's Mouth Press, American, 2007  Search this
Illustrated by:
Loretta Li  Search this
Photograph by:
Rich Addicks, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with adhesive
Dimensions:
H x W x D (Closed): 8 1/2 × 5 3/8 × 5/16 in. (21.6 × 13.7 × 0.8 cm)
H x W x D (Open (on cradle)): 2 × 10 3/8 × 8 1/2 in. (5.1 × 26.4 × 21.6 cm)
Type:
paperbacks
Place printed:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
April 1988
Topic:
African American  Search this
Identity  Search this
Language  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Resistance  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2016.17
Restrictions & Rights:
© 1987 Sonia Sanchez. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Exhibition:
Cultural Expressions
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 050
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd57964b3a1-aa1e-4e37-94a6-be067a01b6fb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.17
Online Media:

Haitiad & Oddities

Written by:
Félix Morisseau-Leroy, Haitian, 1912 - 1998  Search this
Translated by:
Jeffrey Knapp  Search this
Published by:
Pantaléon Guilbaud  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product) , cardboard
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 8 1/2 × 5 1/2 × 1/4 in. (21.6 × 14 × 0.6 cm)
Type:
paperbacks
Place printed:
Miami, Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Haiti, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Date:
1991
Topic:
African American  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Language  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2016.2
Restrictions & Rights:
© Félix Morisseau-Leroy. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Exhibition:
Cultural Expressions
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 050
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd53bcbeccf-3af0-4dd3-8828-b4b1fd90cfda
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.2
Online Media:

First Lessons in Spoken French for Men in Military Service

Written by:
Ernest H. Wilkins, American, 1880 - 1966  Search this
Algernon Coleman, American, 1876 - 1939  Search this
Howard R. Huse, American, 1890 - 1977  Search this
Published by:
University of Chicago Press, American, founded 1890  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with cloth
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 6 1/2 × 4 1/8 × 3/8 in. (16.5 × 10.5 × 1 cm)
Type:
instructional materials
Place made:
Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1917
Topic:
African American  Search this
Education  Search this
Language  Search this
Military  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Alan Laird
Object number:
2017.111.24.3
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd570af0b9c-a359-4f91-8f8c-6298fcfa604a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2017.111.24.3
Online Media:

Brotherman Comic script written by Guy A. Sims

Written by:
Guy A. Sims, American  Search this
Subject of:
Big City Comics, Inc., American, 1989 - 1996  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product), metal
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 11 1/2 × 9 1/16 × 3/8 in. (29.2 × 23 × 0.9 cm)
Type:
scripts (documents)
Place used:
East Orange, Essex County, New Jersey, United States, North and Central America
Date:
October 31, 1992
Topic:
African American  Search this
Comics and graphic novels  Search this
Language  Search this
Literature  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Brotherman Comics / Big City Entertainment, Inc.
Object number:
2017.116.2
Restrictions & Rights:
© Big City Entertainment, Inc.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5d3ccb77f-0ea1-4ff2-90a8-8a80196d6864
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2017.116.2

The Elementary Spelling Book: Being An Improvement On The American Spelling Book

Written by:
Noah Webster Jr., American, 1758 - 1843  Search this
Published by:
George F. Cooledge & Brother, American, 1829 - 1863  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 7 × 4 1/8 × 3/8 in. (17.8 × 10.5 × 1 cm)
Type:
spelling books
Place used:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
1845
Topic:
African American  Search this
Education  Search this
Emancipation  Search this
Language  Search this
Reconstruction, U.S. History, 1865-1877  Search this
Youth  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Nancy Bercaw
Object number:
2017.89
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5238a8d20-030b-4e23-ad4d-84e1bd8b8769
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2017.89

Webster's Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary

Published by:
Merriam-Webster, Inc., American, founded 1831  Search this
Owned by:
Jim Vance, American, 1942 - 2017  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 9 13/16 × 7 1/2 × 2 3/8 in. (25 × 19 × 6 cm)
Type:
books
Place used:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1991
Topic:
African American  Search this
Education  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Language  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Estate of James H. Vance, III
Object number:
2018.107.22
Restrictions & Rights:
© 1991 Merriam-Webster Inc. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5ab04def5-c25b-4a2a-a6da-9cb4e534cb7d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.107.22

A Negro Explorer at the North Pole

Written by:
Matthew A. Henson, American, 1866 - 1955  Search this
Booker T. Washington, American, 1856 - 1915  Search this
Robert E. Peary, American, 1856 - 1920  Search this
Published by:
Frederick A. Stokes Company  Search this
Photograph by:
Matthew A. Henson, American, 1866 - 1955  Search this
Medium:
ink on wove paper and cardboard
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 7 11/16 × 5 1/4 × 1 3/16 in. (19.5 × 13.4 × 3 cm)
Type:
relief halftones
books
hardcover books
Place depicted:
North Pole, Arctic
Greenland, Cape Morris Jessup, North and Central America
Date:
1912
Topic:
African American  Search this
Language  Search this
Men  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Science  Search this
Travel  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2018.46.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd58621e3dd-5b8a-4454-8434-d9039a31c9c0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.46.1

Antigone en Créole

Written by:
Félix Morisseau-Leroy, Haitian, 1912 - 1998  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 8 9/16 × 5 5/8 × 3/16 in. (21.8 × 14.3 × 0.5 cm)
Place printed:
Morne Hercule, Pétion-Ville, Haiti, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Date:
1953
Topic:
African American  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Communities  Search this
Language  Search this
Literature  Search this
Tragedy (Theatre)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2018.47
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd531fd2b6f-5cc7-4ba5-ae09-4ecd8f39d241
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.47

Bin-yuh, come-yuh = Been here, new come

Written by:
LaVerne Wells-Bowie, American  Search this
Subject of:
Lily Simmons, American, born 1925  Search this
Sarah Corbette, American  Search this
Ethel Mae Wiley, American, born 1941  Search this
Franklin D. Wiley, American, born 1940  Search this
First Union African Baptist Church, founded 1879  Search this
Mount Carmel Baptist Church No. 2  Search this
Medium:
digital
Dimensions:
H x W (physical, folded): 6 × 6 1/8 in. (15.2 × 15.5 cm)
H x W (physical, unfolded): 6 × 23 7/8 in. (15.2 × 60.7 cm)
File size: 1.76 GB
Type:
books
digital media - born analog
Place depicted:
Daufuskie Island, Beaufort County, South Carolina, United States, Sea Islands, North and Central America
Cultural Place:
West Africa, Africa
Date:
2001
Topic:
African American  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
American South  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Communities  Search this
Domestic life  Search this
Housing  Search this
Language  Search this
Nature  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Professor LaVerne Wells-Bowie
Object number:
2019.102.2
Restrictions & Rights:
© LaVerne Wells-Bowie
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd508c8a01a-6411-413e-a651-4add39c0f9cf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2019.102.2

Army and Navy Diary Including French-English Words

Title:
WWI diary of Roy Underwood Plummer
Written by:
Roy Underwood Plummer, American, 1896 - 1966  Search this
Published by:
Stanton and Van Vliet Co., American, ca. 1905 - ca. 1927  Search this
Medium:
cloth , ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D (closed): 5 9/16 × 3 11/16 × 11/16 in. (14.1 × 9.4 × 1.7 cm)
Type:
diaries
Place used:
France, Europe
Date:
1917-1919
Topic:
African American  Search this
Band (Music)  Search this
International affairs  Search this
Language  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Men  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Segregation  Search this
World War I  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift from the family of Robert L. Plummer, Sr.
Object number:
2019.14
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5d410e443-aa2b-4799-96dd-cb68336793ad
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2019.14

Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (Tom Sawyer's Comrade)

Written by:
Mark Twain, American, 1835 - 1910  Search this
Published by:
Charles L. Webster and Company, American, 1884 - 1894  Search this
Printed by:
J. J. Little and Company, American, founded 1867  Search this
Medium:
ink, metal, paper and cloth on cardboard;
paper and cloth on cardboard;
paper, cloth and ink on cardboard
Dimensions:
H x W x D (OVERALL): 9 1/8 × 7 5/16 × 1 3/4 in. (23.2 × 18.5 × 4.4 cm)
H x W x D (2014.249a - Closed): 8 3/4 × 7 3/16 × 1 3/16 in. (22.2 × 18.2 × 3 cm)
H x W x D (2014.249a - Open): 8 3/4 × 14 1/2 × 3 9/16 in. (22.2 × 36.8 × 9 cm)
H x W x D (2014.249b - Folded): 8 3/4 × 7 3/16 × 1 5/16 in. (22.3 × 18.3 × 3.3 cm)
H x W x D (2014.249b - Unfolded): 8 3/4 × 23 13/16 × 1/16 in. (22.3 × 60.5 × 0.1 cm)
H x W x D (2014.249c): 9 1/8 × 7 5/16 × 1 9/16 in. (23.2 × 18.5 × 4 cm)
Type:
hardcover books
Place printed:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Missouri, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1885
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Children  Search this
Language  Search this
Literature  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2014.249abc
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Exhibition:
Cultural Expressions
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 050
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5f605300d-60b2-4a0c-ae2d-62a7d2b31600
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2014.249abc
Online Media:

The Conjure Woman

Written by:
Charles W. Chesnutt, American, 1858 - 1932  Search this
Published by:
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, American, founded 1880  Search this
Produced by:
Riverside Press, American, 1852 - 1971  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with gold, cloth, cardboard and acetate film
Dimensions:
H x W x D (Closed): 7 1/8 × 4 7/8 × 1 1/16 in. (18.1 × 12.4 × 2.7 cm)
Type:
hardcover books
Place depicted:
Cumberland County, North Carolina, United States, North and Central America
Place printed:
Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1899
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Folklife  Search this
Language  Search this
Literature  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Stereotypes  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2014.280
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Exhibition:
Cultural Expressions
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 050
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd59c3315ef-5924-4117-a9dc-4aef06ac81cd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2014.280

Their Eyes Were Watching God

Written by:
Zora Neale Hurston, American, 1891 - 1960  Search this
Published by:
J. B. Lippincott & Co., American, 1836 - 1978  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with cloth, cardboard, metallic paper and acetate film
Dimensions:
H x W x D (Closed): 8 1/4 × 5 5/8 × 1 1/2 in. (21 × 14.3 × 3.8 cm)
Type:
hardcover books
Place printed:
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America
Place made:
Eau Gallie, Brevard County, Florida, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Eatonville, Orange County, Florida, United States, North and Central America
Florida, United States, The Everglades, North and Central America
Date:
1937
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Language  Search this
Literature  Search this
Rural life  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2014.315ab
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Movement:
Harlem Renaissance (New Negro Movement)
Exhibition:
Cultural Expressions
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 050
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd52bc7f66a-781a-4234-997b-ff836efdf860
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2014.315ab

When Malindy Sings

Written by:
Paul Laurence Dunbar, American, 1872 - 1906  Search this
Published by:
Dodd, Mead and Company, American, 1839 - 1990  Search this
Photograph by:
Hampton Institute Camera Club, American, founded 1893  Search this
Designed by:
Margaret Neilson Armstrong, American, 1867 - 1944  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with cloth
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 8 11/16 × 6 1/16 × 7/8 in. (22 × 15.4 × 2.2 cm)
Type:
books
Place printed:
Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1903
Topic:
African American  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Language  Search this
Photography  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2014.37.54.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5c6e33711-2d72-42ea-85bf-18f20d5bed74
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2014.37.54.1
Online Media:

Poems of Cabin and Field

Written by:
Paul Laurence Dunbar, American, 1872 - 1906  Search this
Published by:
Dodd, Mead and Company, American, 1839 - 1990  Search this
Photograph by:
Hampton Institute Camera Club, American, founded 1893  Search this
Designed by:
Alice Cordelia Morse, American, 1863 - 1961  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 8 7/8 × 6 × 9/16 in. (22.5 × 15.2 × 1.5 cm)
Type:
books
Place printed:
Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1899
Topic:
African American  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Language  Search this
Photography  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2014.37.54.2
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5ae2a8098-20b6-4faa-8d3c-ffe85565578f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2014.37.54.2
Online Media:

Top Languages/Countries Fairfax County Public Schools, Sept. 2007

Title:
Document from the 2008 Obama Virginia campaign
Created by:
Priscilla Mendenhall, American  Search this
Subject of:
President Barack Obama, American, born 1961  Search this
Obama for America, American, founded 2007  Search this
Democratic Party, American, founded 1828  Search this
Medium:
paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W: 11 x 8 1/2 in. (27.9 x 21.6 cm)
Type:
documents
Place used:
Falls Church, Fairfax County, Virginia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
2008
Topic:
African American  Search this
Children  Search this
Communication  Search this
Communities  Search this
Education  Search this
Government  Search this
Immigration  Search this
Language  Search this
Multilingual communication  Search this
Politics  Search this
Suffrage  Search this
U.S. History, 2001-  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.93.56.5
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Collection from the 2008 Obama Virginia Campaign Office
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5e9ba9245-40ca-43a5-bdef-6c43f1c1fe09
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.93.56.5

We a BaddDDD People

Written by:
Sonia Sanchez, American, born 1934  Search this
Published by:
Broadside Press, founded 1965  Search this
Illustrated by:
Ademola Olugebefola, American, born 1941  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 8 1/2 x 5 3/8 x 1/4 in. (21.6 x 13.7 x 0.6 cm)
Type:
poems
Date:
1970
Topic:
African American  Search this
Identity  Search this
Language  Search this
Literature  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Dr. Bertha Maxwell Roddey
Object number:
2012.22.12
Restrictions & Rights:
©1970 by Sonia Sanchez Knight. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Movement:
BAM (Black Arts Movement 1965-1976)
Exhibition:
A Changing America: 1968 and Beyond
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 1, C1 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5f131223f-db54-4736-8b77-3af728f4bc8b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.22.12
Online Media:

MS 7536 Pochoir prints of ledger drawings by the Kiowa Five

Artist:
Asah, Spencer, approximately 1908-1954  Search this
Auchiah, James, 1906-1974  Search this
Mopope, Stephen, 1898-1974  Search this
Hokeah, Jack, 1902-1969  Search this
Smoky, Lois, 1907-1981  Search this
Tsatoke, Monroe, 1904-1937  Search this
Collector:
Jacobson, Oscar Brousse, 1882-1966  Search this
Extent:
24 Paintings (watercolor applied by pochoir, 89 x 72 cm.)
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Paintings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1929
Scope and Contents:
Includes twenty-four prints illustrating dancers, figures in traditional attire, and ceremonial events. Each sheet is numbered in the upper right corner, with numbers 1 through 30, complete except for 3, 5, 7, 22, 26, and 29. The prints are from a portfolio containing 30 plates and an accompanying text by Jacobson published by C. Szwedizicki, Nice, France. There are related prints in the Acee Blue Eagle collection, including the original painting on which Plate 27 is based. The painters are the so-called Kiowa Five, renamed the Kiowa Six: Jack Hokeah, Spencer Asah, Bougetah (Lois) Smoky, Stephen Mopope, and Monroe Tsatoke. For this set of drawings, an electrostatic copy of the text as published in 1979 with an essay by Jamake Highwater and the Jacobson text in French with an added translation in English has been added (Oscar Brousse Jacobson, Kiowa Indian Art: Watercolor Paintings in Color by the Indians of Oklahoma) with an introductory essay by Jamake Highwater, Bell Editions, Santa Fe, ca. 1979). The locations of the missing art and the original 1929 text and covers are not known.
Biographical / Historical:
The Kiowa Five were a group of painters who earned national and international acclaim during the early twentieth century. The group actually consisted of six individuals, Spencer Asah, Jack Hokeah, Stephen Mopope, Monroe Tsatoke, Lois Smoky, and James Auchiah. A number of the artists attended St. Patrick's Mission School in Anadarko, Oklahoma, where they received art instruction from Sister Olivia Taylor. Susan Peters, a government field matron, also took an interest in the young artists' work. She arranged for an artist from Chickasha, Mrs. Willie Baze Lane, to provide art lessons. Eventually Ms. Peters persuaded Dr. Oscar Jacobson, head of the school of art at the University of Oklahoma, to provide additional training for the artists. In 1926, Asah, Hokeah, Tsatoke, and Mopope arrived at the University. The artists were not officially enrolled, but they received special instruction from Jacobson and Dr. Edith Mahier, another professor in the school of art. In January 1927, Lois Smoky, a young Kiowa woman, arrived to study with the other artists. In spring, the artists were compelled to return home to attend to agricultural pursuits. They returned in the fall, accompanied by James Auchiah, the sixth and final student. Shortly thereafter, Lois Smoky withdrew from the program and returned home. Dr. Oscar Jacobson arranged for the Kiowa artists' paintings to be exhibited in 1928 at the First International Art Exposition - formally titled the 1928 International Art Congress (of the International Federation for Art Education, Drawing and Art Applied to Industries)- in Prague, Czechoslovakia. In 1929, Kiowa Art, a portfolio of the artists' paintings was published in France. For additional information on these artists, see: Jeanne O. Snodgrass, American Indian Painters - A Biographical Directory, Museum of the American Indian Heye Foundation, 1968, and John Anson Warner, "Native American Painting in Oklahoma: Continuity and Change." The Journal of Intercultural Studies, 23: 14-129, 1996.
Stephen Mopope also known as Qued Koi (Painted Robe) was born on August 27, 1898 near Red Stone Baptist Church on the Kiowa Reservation. He attended St. Patrick's Mission School in Anadarko, Oklahoma. He died on February 3, 1974.
Spencer Asah also known as Lallo (Little Boy) was born between 1905 and 1910 near Carnegie, Oklahoma. He attended various government Indian schools and St. Patrick's Mission School, Anadarko, Oklahoma. He died in 1954.
James Auchiah was born in 1906 near Medicine Park, Oklahoma. He attended St. Patrick's Mission School in Anadarko, Oklahoma. He died on December 28, 1974.
Jack Hokeah was born in 1902 in western Oklahoma. He attended St. Patrick's Mission School in Anadarko, Oklahoma. He died on December 14, 1969.
Monroe Tsatoke also known as Tsa To Kee (Hunting Horse) was born September 29, 1904 at Saddle Mountain, Oklahoma. He attended Rainy Mountain Indian School near Carnegie, Oklahoma and Bacone College. He died on February 3, 1937.
Lois Smokey also known as Bougetah (Of the Dawn) was born in 1907, near Anadarko, Oklahoma. She died on February 1, 1981.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7536

NAA INV 09064600-09066900
Local Note:
Information for the collection level record was drawn from Oscar Brousse Jacobson, Kiowa Indian Art: Watercolor Paintings in Color by the Indians of Oklahoma (with an introductory essay by Jamake Highwater), Bell Editions, 1979.
Album Information:
MS 7536 000
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 7536, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7536
See more items in:
MS 7536 Pochoir prints of ledger drawings by the Kiowa Five
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7536
Online Media:

H. Arlo Nimmo papers

Creator:
Nimmo, Harry  Search this
Extent:
5 Linear feet (6 document boxes, 5 card file boxes, 1 binder box, 1 flip-top box plus 16 sound reels; and 12 maps (6 of which are duplicates))
Culture:
Filipinos  Search this
Tausug (Philippine people)  Search this
Bajau (Southeast Asian people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Chants
Stories
Songs
Correspondence
Maps
Sound recordings
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Tawitawi (Philippines)
Date:
1965-1967
1963
Summary:
The papers of H. Arlo Nimmo document his field research among the Bajau (also known as Sama Dilaut) in Tawi-Tawi Province in the southern Philippines in 1963, 1965-1967, 1977, 1982, and 1997. The collection consists of correspondence, field journals, censuses, genealogies, kinship charts, transcripts of songs, unpublished manuscripts, card files, photographs, sound recordings, and maps. Nimmo's initial research focused on social change, but he collected data about other aspects of Bajau culture, including social organization, kinship, religion, fishing, boats, boat-building, art, and music.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of H. Arlo Nimmo document his field research among the Bajau (also known as Sama Dilaut) in Tawi-Tawi Province in the southern Philippines in 1963, 1965-1967, 1977, 1982, and 1997. The collection consists of correspondence, field journals, censuses, genealogies, kinship charts, transcripts of songs, unpublished manuscripts, card files, photographs, sound recordings, and maps. Nimmo's initial research focused on social change, but he collected data about other aspects of Bajau culture, including social organization, kinship, religion, fishing, boats, boat-building, art, and music.

Also in the collection are recordings of his 2001 interviews with Gerard Rixhon, an Oblates of Mary Immaculate priest, stationed in Tawi-Tawi and Jolo from 1953 to 1974. In addition, the collection contains materials regarding the Bajau from Don Hart and Rony Bautista.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into 6 series: (1) Correspondence; (2) Research Data; (3) Unpublished Manuscripts; (4) Maps; (5) Photographs; (6) Sound Recordings.
Biographical Note:
Harry Arlo Nimmo is a Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at California State University East Bay at Hayward. He earned his Ph.D. in anthropology from University of Hawaii in 1969. As a graduate student, he conducted six months of field research among the Bajau (also known as Sama Dilaut) of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines in 1963 and another eighteen months in 1965-67. He returned to conduct more field research in Tawi-Tawi in 1977, 1982, and 1997. As a result of civil strife, massive immigration, and economic changes following his field research in the 1960s, the Bajau culture (as studied and documented by Nimmo) no longer exists in Tawi-Tawi. In addition to his master's thesis, Social Organization of the Tawi-Tawi Badjaw (1965), and his dissertation, The Structure of Bajau Society (1969), Nimmo has published extensively on his Bajau research.

Selected Bibliography

1965 -- Social Organization of the Tawi-Tawi Badjaw. Ethnology IV (4): 421- 439.

1966 -- Themes in Badjaw Dreams. Philippine Sociological Review XIV (1): 49-56.

1968 -- The Bajau of Sulu Fiction and Fact. Philippine Studies XVI (4): 771-775. Songs of the Sulu Sea. ETC. XXV (4): 489-494. Reflections on Bajau History. Philippine Studies XVI (1): 32-59.

1970 -- Bajau Sex and Reproduction. Ethnology IX (3): 251-262. Posong, Trickster of Sulu. Western Folklore XXIX (3): 185-191.

1971 -- Bajau: Gentle Boat-Dwellers of the Philippines. Nomads of the World. Washington, D. C.: National Geographic Society.

1972 -- The Bajau of the Philippines. Ethnocentrism Series. HRAFlex Book OA8-001. New Haven: Human Relations Area Files. The Sea People of Sulu. San Francisco: The Chandler Press. You will remember us because we have sung for you. Philippine Studies XX (2): 299-322.

1973 -- A Tribe of Ancient Mariners Comes Ashore. Natural History 82 (10): 334-45.

1975 -- The Shamans of Sulu. Asian and Pacific Quarterly VII (1): 1-9.

1976 -- A Functional Interpretation of Bajau Songs. Directions in Pacific Traditional Literature, edited by Adrienne L. Kaeppler and H. Arlo Nimmo. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press.

1977 -- The Bajau of Sulu. Filipino Heritage I: 261-265.

1978 -- The Relativity of Sexual Deviance: A Sulu Example. Papers in Anthropology XIX (1): 91-98.

1984 -- Bajau. Muslim Peoples I: 75-80. Edited by Richard V. Weekes. Westport: Greenwood Press.

1986 -- Recent Population Movements in the Sulu Archipelago: Implications to Sama Culture History. Archipel 32: 25-38.

1990 -- The Boats of the Tawi-Tawi Bajau, Sulu Archipelago, Philippines. Asian Perspectives 29 (1): 51-88. Religious Beliefs of the Tawi-Tawi Bajau. Philippine Studies 38(1): 3-17. Religious Rituals of the Tawi-Tawi Bajau. Philippine Studies 38 (2): 166-198.

1994 -- The Songs of Salanda. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

2001 -- Magosaha: An Ethnography of the Tawi-Tawi Sama Dilaut. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press.

2005 -- Silungan Baltapa. The Voyage to Heaven of a Sama Hero. (Co-authored with Nicole Revel, Alain Martenot, Gèrard Rixhon, Talib Lim Sangogot, and Olivier Tourny.) Paris: Geuthner.

2010 -- The H. Arlo Nimmo and Tarabasa Idji Collection. Voices from Sulu. Edited by Gerard Rixhon. Quezon City: The Ateneo de Manila University Press.

2012 -- A very far place: tales of Tawi-tawi. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press.
Related Materials:
An 8 mm color film (and DVD reference copy) of Tungkalang shot by H. Arlo Nimmo in 1963 was transferred to the Human Studies Film Archives. See HSFA 2011.2.1.
Separated Materials:
8 mm color film (and DVD copy) of Tungkalong shot by Nimmo in 1963 was transferred to the Human Studies Film Archives.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by H. Arlo Nimmo.
Restrictions:
According to the wishes of H. Arlo Nimmo, his correspondence and field notes are restricted until his death.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Standard copyright restrictions apply.
Topic:
Sama languages  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Ethnology -- Philippines  Search this
Music  Search this
Kinship  Search this
Fishing  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Genre/Form:
Chants
Stories
Songs
Correspondence
Maps
Sound recordings
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
H. Arlo Nimmo papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2009-17
See more items in:
H. Arlo Nimmo papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2009-17
Online Media:

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