Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
51 documents - page 1 of 3

Walter Elmer Schofield papers, 1885-1974

Creator:
Schofield, Walter Elmer, 1867-1944  Search this
Schofield, Walter Elmer, 1867-1944  Search this
Subject:
Alexander, John White  Search this
Anshutz, Thomas Pollock  Search this
Calder, Alexander Stirling  Search this
Caro-Delvaille, Henry  Search this
Chase, William Merritt  Search this
Dougherty, Paul  Search this
East, Alfred, Sir  Search this
Grafly, Charles  Search this
Henri, Robert  Search this
Lathrop, William Langson  Search this
Olsson, Julius  Search this
Redfield, Edward Willis  Search this
Shannon, Charles Hazelwood  Search this
Sloan, John  Search this
Symons, George Gardner  Search this
Taylor, Henry Fitch  Search this
Trask, John E. D.  Search this
Young, Charles Morris  Search this
Sargent, John Singer  Search this
Breckenridge, Hugh H. (Hugh Henry)  Search this
Forbes, Stanhope Alexander  Search this
Lever, Hayley  Search this
Oberteuffer, Karl A. (Karl Amiard)  Search this
Carnegie Institute  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Louisiana Purchase Exposition  Search this
Topic:
Impressionism (Art)  Search this
Painting  Search this
Theme:
American Art and Artists in a Global Context  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9472
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211670
AAA_collcode_schowalt
Theme:
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211670

Papers relating to the sale of George Whitney's art collection, undated

Creator:
Whitney, George  Search this
Whitney, George  Search this
Subject:
Whitney, George  Search this
Richards, William Trost  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Marine painting -- 19th century -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Theme:
The Art Market  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10127
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213033
AAA_collcode_whitgeor
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213033

Edward Taylor Snow papers, 1893-1913

Creator:
Snow, Edward Taylor, 1844-1913  Search this
Snow, Edward Taylor, 1844-1913  Search this
Subject:
Art Club of Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Societies, etc. -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Theme:
Communities, Organizations, Museums  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10774
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214398
AAA_collcode_snowedwa
Theme:
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214398

Xanthus Smith diaries, 1883-1892

Creator:
Smith, Xanthus, 1839-1929  Search this
Smith, Xanthus, 1839-1929  Search this
Subject:
Smith, Russell  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 19th century -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Photography -- History -- 19th century  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Photography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10873
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214643
AAA_collcode_smitxant
Theme:
Diaries
Lives of American Artists
Photography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214643

Oral history interview with Louis Sloan, 1991 July 18

Interviewee:
Sloan, Louis B. (Louis Baynard), 1932-2008  Search this
Sloan, Louis B. (Louis Baynard), 1932-2008  Search this
Interviewer:
Veloric, Cynthia  Search this
Subject:
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Art -- Conservation and restoration  Search this
African American artists  Search this
African American painters  Search this
Landscape painting  Search this
Theme:
African American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11496
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214654
AAA_collcode_sloan91
Theme:
African American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_214654

William Trost Richards papers, 1848-1920

Creator:
Richards, William Trost, 1833-1905  Search this
Richards, William Trost, 1833-1905  Search this
Subject:
Whitney, George  Search this
Wilcox, William H.  Search this
Coates, Edward Hornor  Search this
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Lambdin, George Cochran  Search this
Lanman, Charles  Search this
Avery, Samuel Putnam  Search this
Type:
Daguerreotypes
Photographs
Topic:
Marine painters -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Marine painting -- 19th century -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Landscape painting -- 19th century -- Pennsylvania -- Germantown  Search this
Landscape painters -- Pennsylvania -- Germantown  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5663
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208497
AAA_collcode_richwill
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208497
Online Media:

Leonid and Ethel Gechtoff papers, 1918-1958

Creator:
Gechtoff, Leonid, 1883-1941  Search this
Gechtoff, Ethel  Search this
Gechtoff, Leonid, 1883-1941  Search this
Subject:
Hoover, J. Edgar (John Edgar)  Search this
East & West Gallery (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Expatriate painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Women art dealers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8200
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210371
AAA_collcode_gechleon
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210371

Leroy Ireland research material on George Inness, 1916-2007, bulk 1960-1971

Creator:
Ireland, Leroy, 1889-1970  Search this
Ireland, Leroy, 1889-1970  Search this
Subject:
Inness, George  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Landscape painting  Search this
Landscape painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 19th century  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9281
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211476
AAA_collcode_irellero
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211476
Online Media:

Daniel Garber papers, 1900-1958

Creator:
Garber, Daniel, 1880-1958  Search this
Garber, Daniel, 1880-1958  Search this
Topic:
Painting -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Prints -- Technique  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9969
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212659
AAA_collcode_garbdani
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212659

Edmund Darch Lewis sketches, 1860-[ca. 1890]

Creator:
Lewis, Edmund Darch, 1835-1910  Search this
Lewis, Edmund Darch, 1835-1910  Search this
Topic:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Sketches  Search this
Theme:
Audio - Visual  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10137
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213064
AAA_collcode_lewiedmu
Theme:
Audio - Visual
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213064

Henry Singlewood Bisbing letters, [ca. 1906]

Creator:
Bisbing, H. Singlewood (Henry Singlewood), 1849-1933  Search this
Bisbing, H. Singlewood (Henry Singlewood), 1849-1933  Search this
Topic:
Animals in art -- Pennsylvia -- Philadelphia  Search this
Landscape painting -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10167
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213150
AAA_collcode_bisbhenr
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213150

Mary Butler papers, 1853-1946, bulk 1884-1946

Creator:
Butler, Mary, 1865-1946  Search this
Butler, Mary, 1865-1946  Search this
Subject:
Norris, S. Walter  Search this
Oakley, Thornton  Search this
Grafly, Dorothy  Search this
Chase, William Merritt  Search this
Henri, Robert  Search this
Eakins, Susan Macdowell  Search this
Sartain, William  Search this
Stoddard, Alice Kent Pearson  Search this
Pennell, Joseph  Search this
Thouron, Henry  Search this
Biddle, George  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Writings
Photographs
Topic:
Women painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Audio - Visual  Search this
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13359
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)254338
AAA_collcode_butlmary
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Audio - Visual
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_254338
Online Media:

To the Memory of George Washington and His Lady by Peter S. Duval and Alfred M. Hoffey

Dedicated to:
Washington, George  Search this
Washington, Martha  Search this
Publisher:
Sullivan, T.  Search this
Lithographer:
Duval, Peter S.  Search this
Artist; lithographer:
Hoffy, Alfred M.  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
image: 11 1/4 in x 16 1/2 in; 28.575 cm x 41.91 cm
Object Name:
lithograph
Object Type:
Lithograph
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Depicted:
United States: Virginia, Mount Vernon
Date made:
1840
Subject:
Architecture, Historic Residences  Search this
Chronology: 1840-1849  Search this
Mourning  Search this
Credit Line:
Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Lithography Collection
ID Number:
DL.60.2930
Catalog number:
60.2930
Accession number:
228146
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Clothing & Accessories
Domestic Furnishings
Art
Morality & Religious Prints
Peters Prints
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a1-38f8-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_325212

Leonid and Ethel Gechtoff papers

Creator:
Gechtoff, Leonid, 1883-1941  Search this
Gechtoff, Ethel  Search this
Names:
East & West Gallery (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Hoover, J. Edgar (John Edgar), 1895-1972  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Items (linear ft. (on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Date:
1918-1958
Scope and Contents:
Letters recieved, including several from J. Edgar Hoover concerning a painting by Leonid Gechtoff, 1935-1938; two autographed photographs of Hoover; photographs of Leonid Gechtoff and his work; a scrapbook, ca. 1918-1929, containing letters, photographs, exhibition catalogs, clippings and printed miscellany; naturalization papers for Ethel Gechtoff; and material concerning her East & West Gallery in San Francisco, 1956-1958, including leases, exhibition announcements, clippings, and a price list for works of art.
Biographical / Historical:
Leonid Gechtoff was a Russian landscape painter who emigrated to this country in 1922; settling in Philadelphia, Pa. in 1923, where he remained until his death in 1941. His wife Ethel Gechtoff ran a Gallery in San Francisco 1956-1958.
Provenance:
The donor, Sonia Gechtoff, is the daughter of Leonid and Ethel Gechtoff, and also a painter.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Soviet Union  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Gallery directors -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Landscape painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Expatriate painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Women art dealers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.gechleon
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gechleon

Xanthus Smith diaries

Creator:
Smith, Xanthus, 1839-1929  Search this
Names:
Smith, Russell, 1812-1896  Search this
Extent:
2 Volumes ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1883-1892
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten diary, January 1-December 31, 1883, and July 1, 1891-May 14, 1892. The entries detail the daily events of Smith, who painted in his studio almost every day, usually finishing a painting in one to three days. The entries also record his domestic life, living with his wife, children, and father, painter Russell Smith, outside of Philadelphia, Pa. He writes of his numerous paintings, often referring to his materials and techniques; of trading pictures for frames; critiques an exhibition of etchings in Philadelphia in 1883; records his investments in stocks and bonds, transactions with his dealers Haseltine and Davis & Harvey; paintings on sea shells that he sold in Atlantic City; photographing of outdoor scenes that he later used as subjects for his paintings; developing photographs; making prints; family illnesses and visits from Dr. Paxton; use of Devoe paints and canvas; a trip to Southwest Harbor, Maine, in 1883, where he made numerous outdoor studies and sketches; and numerous and futile attempts to color glass lantern slides. [This reel is mislabeled Russell Smith].
Biographical / Historical:
Marine and landscape painter, photographer; Philadelphia, Pa.
Provenance:
Microfilmed by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania for the Archives of American Art, 1955.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Photographers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 19th century -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Photography -- History -- 19th century  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.smitxant
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-smitxant

Oral history interview with Louis Sloan

Interviewee:
Sloan, Louis B. (Louis Baynard), 1932-  Search this
Interviewer:
Veloric, Cynthia  Search this
Names:
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts -- Faculty  Search this
Extent:
110 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Sound recordings
Date:
1991 July 18
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Louis Sloan conducted 1991 July 18, by Cynthia Veloric, for the Archives of American Art Philadelphia Project.
Sloan discusses his background; early art training at the Fleisher Art Memorial; attending the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts; his instructors including Hobson Pittman and Francis Speight; fellow students including Roy Saunders and Elizabeth Osborne; difficulties he encountered as an African American artist; traveling to Europe on a Cresson fellowship and traveling the United States on a Guggenheim fellowship; teaching at the PAFA and changes in the school; working as an assistant to conservator Ted Siegel at the PAFA and the Philadelphia Museum of Art; the development of his art; subject matter; being a landscape painter; and exhibitions and sales of his work.
Biographical / Historical:
Louis Sloan (1932- ) is a painter from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 4 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hr., 53 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics, and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript: Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Conservation and restoration  Search this
African American artists  Search this
African American painters  Search this
Landscape painting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.sloan91
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sloan91

Walter Elmer Schofield papers

Creator:
Schofield, Walter Elmer, 1867-1944  Search this
Names:
Carnegie Institute  Search this
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Alexander, John White, 1856-1915  Search this
Anshutz, Thomas Pollock, 1851-1912  Search this
Breckenridge, Hugh H. (Hugh Henry), 1870-1937  Search this
Calder, Alexander Stirling, 1870-1945  Search this
Caro-Delvaille, Henry, 1876-1928  Search this
Chase, William Merritt, 1849-1916  Search this
Dougherty, Paul, 1877-1947  Search this
East, Alfred, Sir, 1849-1913  Search this
Forbes, Stanhope Alexander, 1857-1947  Search this
Grafly, Charles, 1862-1929  Search this
Henri, Robert, 1865-1929  Search this
Lathrop, William Langson, 1859-1938  Search this
Lever, Hayley, 1876-1958  Search this
Oberteuffer, Karl A. (Karl Amiard), 1908-1958  Search this
Olsson, Julius, 1864-1942  Search this
Redfield, Edward Willis, 1869-1965  Search this
Sargent, John Singer, 1856-1925  Search this
Shannon, Charles Hazelwood, 1863-1937  Search this
Sloan, John, 1871-1951  Search this
Symons, George Gardner, 1861-1930  Search this
Taylor, Henry Fitch, 1853-1925  Search this
Trask, John E. D., 1871-1926  Search this
Young, Charles Morris, 1869-1964  Search this
Extent:
0.8 Linear feet ((on 2 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1885-1974
Scope and Contents:
Biographical material, correspondence, business records, notes, printed material and photographs document the career of landscape painter Walter Elmer Schofield.
REEL D71: Letters, 1923-1961, are from museums concerning the exhibition or collection of Schofield's work, from his son to the Archives of American Art concerning the acquisition of Schofield's papers, and a letter and biographical sketch from British sculptor Helen Stuart Weir. Photographs, ca. 1890-1937, are of Schofield, including one at a silvermine in Mexico, and 4 with the Royal Artillery and Royal Fusiliers. One shows Schofield with fellow artists John White Alexander, William Merritt Chase, and Sir Alfred East. There are also photographs of Schofield's residence in Suffolk, England, gallery installations, and art works. Business records, 1888-1921, include discharge papers from the San Antonio Rifles, and 3 leases. Printed material, 1902-1945, includes clippings, an exhibition catalog, a membership list for the National Academy of Design, 1902, and a program for a memorial service for Schofield.
REEL 5043: Biographical material, 1904-1945, includes a biographical sketch, an award certificate from the Carnegie Institute, and a death certificate. Correspondence, 1892-1974, consists primarily of letters between Schofield and his wife during his sojourns in America. Schofield's letters describe his activities including participation in the Louisiana Purchase Exposition and on Carnegie Institute juries, and mention his colleagues including Thomas Anshutz, Alexander Stirling Calder, Henry Caro-Delvaille, Paul Dougherty, Charles Grafly, Robert Henri, William Lathrop, Julius Olsson, Edward Redfield, John Singer Sargent, Charles Shannon, John Sloan, Gardner Symons, Henry Fitch Taylor, John Trask, and Charles Morris Young. There are also one to three letters each from Hugh Henry Breckenridge, Stanhope Forbes, Hayley Lever, and Karl Oberteuffer.
Business records, 1903-1937, include receipts for art supplies, the shipment of household goods, financial records for the sale of Reen Cottage,and for an exhibition at Stendahl Art Galleries, and a contract of ownership for the Delph Spinning Company. Notes consist of lecture notes "Art Noon Club Objectives" and a stanza from "Dover Beach" by Matthew Arnold. Printed material, 1901-1945, consists of clippings, 2 exhibition catalogs, and a reproduction of a wood-engraving of Otley Church. Photographs, 1887-1940, are of Schofield, his wife and sons, members of Schofield's class at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, classes taught by Schofield, members of his military units, his residences in Suffolk and Cornwall, England, gallery installations, and works of art.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter. Born Philadelphia, Pa., Schofield studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and, in 1890, at the Academie Julian. After marrying Murielle Redmayne in 1897, he established his residence in England, making frequent trips to the United States to conduct his art-related business. He was primarily known as a landscape and marine painter.
Provenance:
Material on reel D71 donated 1961 by Sydney Schofield, Walter Schofield's son. Material on reel 5043 donated by Mrs. S.E. Schofield through the Brandywine River Museum, 1986.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters  Search this
Topic:
Impressionism (Art)  Search this
Painting  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.schowalt
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-schowalt

William Trost Richards papers

Creator:
Richards, William Trost, 1833-1905  Search this
Names:
Avery, Samuel Putnam, 1822-1904  Search this
Coates, Edward Hornor, 1846-1921  Search this
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
Lambdin, George Cochran, 1830-1896  Search this
Lanman, Charles, 1819-1895  Search this
Whitney, George, d. 1885  Search this
Wilcox, William H.  Search this
Extent:
1.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Daguerreotypes
Photographs
Date:
1848-1920
Summary:
The William Trost Richards papers measure 1.8 linear feet and date from 1848-1920. The collection documents Richards' personal life and his career as a landscape and seascape painter. The collection consists of correspondence, writings, business files, printed material, photographs, and other miscellaneous materials.
Scope and Contents note:
The William Trost Richards papers measure 1.8 linear feet and date from 1848-1920. The collection documents Richards' personal life and his career as a landscape and seascape painter. The collection consists of correspondence, writings, business files, printed material, photographs, and other miscellaneous materials.

Correspondence files date from 1851 to 1917 and include family correspondence between Richards and his wife Anna as well as with their children. Of note are letters written by William Trost Richards to his wife while he was in Europe, which include many illustrations of his travels. Also found is general correspondence of a personal and professional nature between Richards and friends, artists, art dealers, and collectors, many of whom played a prominent role in Philadelphia society. Writings include essays written by Richards, homemade magazines written and illustrated by the Richards family, and writings by his wife Anna and others. Business files contain financial, legal, and real estate records, and printed material contains an exhibition catalog from 1976, news clippings, and event programs. Miscellany found in this collection include artwork by others, and inventory of paintings by others, compiled by Richards, and an interview transcript with Miriam Thayer Richards. Photographs include images of Richards, his wife Anna, and their home in Newport, Rhode Island.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged into 6 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1851-1917, undated (Box 1-2; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 2: Writings, 1849-1905, undated (Box 2-4; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 3: Business Files, 1865-1920, undated (Box 4; 3 folders)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1850-1906, 1976, undated (Box 4-5; 5 folders)

Series 5: Miscellany, 1848-1876, undated (Box 5; 5 folders)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1850-1900 (Box 5; 7 folders)
Biographical/Historical note:
William Trost Richards was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1833. From 1850 to 1858 he worked as a designer and illustrator of ornamental metalwork, and briefly studied draughtsmanship and painting with the German artist Paul Weber. Richards was also an active member of the Forensic and Literary Circle of Philadelphia during the early 1850s. In 1852 he had his first exhibition at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and a year later was elected a full Academician. He had great interest in landscapes and geological subjects, and spent summers sketching in the Catskills and Adirondacks. From 1855 to 1856 Richards toured Europe with William Stanley Haseltine and Alexander Lawrie, and was influenced by the Dusseldorf school of landscape painters.

Richards married aspiring poetess Anna Matlack in 1856, and they settled in Germantown, Pennsylvania, where they had eight children, five of which survived to adulthood. In 1858 he attended an exhibition of British art in Philadelphia, and was greatly influenced by the works of Pre-Raphaelite painters. He began painting outdoors, executing precise, naturalistic, yet atmospheric, landscapes. In 1862 he joined the National Academy of Design, and in 1863 joined the Society for the Advancement of Truth in Art, an American Pre-Raphaelite organization. From 1868 to 1874, Richards spent summers on the East Coast and began focusing on marine subjects painted in watercolor, exhibiting often with the American Watercolor Society. Richards also traveled to Europe several times, and lived there from 1879-1880 while trying to find a new direction for his artwork. In 1881 he built a summer house for his family in Newport, Rhode Island and moved there permanently in 1890. His wife Anna died in 1900, and he continued to paint landscapes and seascapes until his death in 1905.
Related Archival Materials note:
Also available on microfilm at the Archives are the Geoge Whitney papers relating to William Trost Richards, 1875-1885, which includes 112 watercolors and an oil painting by William Trost Richards. These items were lent anonymously in 1979 and returned to the lender after they were filmed. They are available on reels 1497.
Provenance:
The bulk of the collection was donated in 1980 by Mrs. James B. Conant, Richards's granddaughter. The Archives microfilmed this portion of the collection on reels 2296-2299 upon receipt. The inventory of paintings by others was donated by Victor Spark in 1954 and filmed on reel 3470.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Marine painters -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Marine painting -- 19th century -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Landscape painting -- 19th century -- Pennsylvania -- Germantown  Search this
Landscape painters -- Pennsylvania -- Germantown  Search this
Genre/Form:
Daguerreotypes
Photographs
Citation:
William Trost Richards papers, 1848-1920. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.richwill
See more items in:
William Trost Richards papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-richwill
Online Media:

Edmund Darch Lewis sketches

Creator:
Lewis, Edmund Darch, 1835-1910  Search this
Extent:
0.8 Linear feet ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1860-[ca. 1890]
Scope and Contents:
Loose sketches and 13 volumes of sketchbooks. The sketchbooks contain landscape drawings in pencil and oil. Many are signed and dated, and some include manuscript notes on color.
Biographical / Historical:
Landscape painter; Philadelphia, Pa.
Provenance:
Microfilmed in 1987 as part of AAA's Philadelphia Arts Documentation Project.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Landscape painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Sketches  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.lewiedmu
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lewiedmu

Oliver Ingraham Lay, Charles Downing Lay, and Lay Family papers

Creator:
Lay, Oliver Ingraham, 1845-1890  Search this
Lay, Charles Downing, 1877-1956  Search this
Names:
Bridges, Fidelia, 1834-1923  Search this
Lay, Laura Gill  Search this
Lay, Marian Wait  Search this
Extent:
10.54 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Landscape drawings
Diaries
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Date:
1789-2000
bulk 1870-1996
Summary:
The Oliver Ingraham Lay, Charles Downing Lay, and Lay Family Papers measure 10.54 linear feet and date from 1789 through 2000, with the bulk of the material dating from circa 1870-1996. The collection presents an overview of the personal lives and careers of painter, Oliver Ingraham Lay and his son, landscape architect, Charles Downing Lay. In addition, there are the papers of Lay family members and friends, including those of the Marian Wait Lay family (wife of Oliver Ingraham Lay) and of the Laura Gill Lay family (wife of Charles Downing Lay). Also found are the papers of the landscape and nature painter Fidelia Bridges. The collection consists of biographical material, correspondence, diaries, writings and notes, scrapbooks, family business records, exhibition files, printed material, as well as original artwork, sketches, a sketchbook, landscape designs, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The Oliver Ingraham Lay, Charles Downing Lay, and Lay Family Papers measure 10.54 linear feet and date from 1789 through 2000, with the bulk of the material dating from circa 1870-1996. The collection presents an overview of the personal lives and careers of painter, Oliver Ingraham Lay and his son, landscape architect, Charles Downing Lay. In addition, there are the papers of Lay family members and friends, including those of the Marian Wait Lay family (wife of Oliver Ingraham Lay) and of the Laura Gill Lay family (wife of Charles Downing Lay). Also found are the papers of the landscape and nature painter Fidelia Bridges. The collection consists of biographical material, correspondence, diaries, writings and notes, scrapbooks, family business records, exhibition files, printed material, as well as original artwork, sketches, a sketchbook, landscape designs, and photographs.

The extensive correspondence files illustrate the interaction between the Lays' and their extended circle of family members and friends, offering a view of the social and cultural milieu of a cross section of New England and New York gentry, from the mid-nineteenth through the early twentieth centuries. The papers also provide a resource to study the work of Oliver Ingraham Lay and of Charles Downing Lay through original drawings, sketches, and landscape designs.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 3 series.

Series 1: Oliver Ingraham Lay and Marian Wait Lay Papers, 1789-1955 (4.2 linear ft.; Boxes 1-5, OV 11)

Series 2: Charles Downing Lay and Laura Gill Lay Papers, 1864-1993 (4.2 linear ft.; Boxes 5-9, OV 12-13)

Series 3: Fidelia Bridges Papers, 1857-2000 (1.4 linear ft.; Boxes 9-10)
Biographical / Historical:
Oliver Ingraham Lay (1845-1890) was a painter of portraits and genre scenes. Charles Downing Lay (1898-1956) was a landscape planner, architect, and painter.

Born in 1845 in New York City, Oliver Ingraham Lay studied under the painter Thomas Hicks (1823-1890) and attended the Cooper Institute and the National Academy of Design. Best-known for his portraiture, Lay's subjects included socially and politically prominent individuals, as well as artists, actors, and friends, such as Fidelia Bridges and Edwin Booth, among others. In 1876, Lay was elected to membership to the National Academy of Design and the Artists' Fund Society; in 1887 he became a member of the Century Association. Lay was married to Marian Wait, the niece of the pre-eminent pomologist, Charles Downing (1802-1885) and landscape gardener and rural architect, Andrew Jackson Downing (1815-1852).

Oliver's son, Charles Downing Lay was born in Newburgh, New York in 1898. He attended the School of Architecture at Columbia University from 1896-1900 and earned a Bachelor of Science from Harvard University's School of Landscape Architecture in 1902. That same year, Lay established a landscape practice in New York City; he also served as Landscape Architect for the City of New York from 1911-1912. In 1904, he married Laura Brown Gill.

In addition to his public work projects, he received numerous commissions for private homes and estates in Connecticut, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. Lay, along with Henry V. Hubbard and Robert Wheelwright founded the professional magazine, Landscape Architecture where he served as publisher, editor, and contributor. He was a consulting architect to the 1939 New York World's Fair. In 1948, he established the Housatonic Valley Planning Association.

Oliver and Charles's lifelong friend, Fidelia Bridges (1834-1923) was born in Salem, Massachusetts in 1834. Orphaned in her youth, she supported herself as a mother's helper in the Quaker household of the Salem merchant, William A. Brown. In the mid-1850s, after Brown had moved to Brooklyn, New York, Fidelia Bridges joined the family, where she took on the role of governess to Brown's daughters. Around this time, she met Oliver Ingraham Lay.

In the 1860s, Bridges studied art at the studio of William Trost Richards (1833-1905) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In 1867, Bridges, along with a group of young women artists that included Anne Whitney (1821-1915) left for Rome to pursue her artistic training. Upon her return, Bridges set up a studio in New York City. In the early 1890s, Fidelia settled permanently in Canaan, Connecticut.

Bridges, influenced by the Pre-Raphaelite school, depicted landscapes and nature scenes with detailed renderings of birds, meadows, and wildflowers. In addition, Bridges sold her artwork commercially; in the mid-1870s, Louis Prang and Company produced her chromolithographic designs on greeting cards and calendars. Bridges also illustrated magazines and books.
Related Materials:
A small collection of Oliver Ingraham Lay papers were loaned for microfilming and are available on reel 801. The originals are at the New-York Historical Society. The bulk of Charles Downing Lay's papers, 1898-1956 reside in the Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
Provenance:
George C. Lay, grandson of portrait painter Oliver Lay and the son of Charles Downing Lay donated the Oliver Ingraham Lay, Charles Downing Lay, and Lay Family Papers to the Archives of American Art in 2002.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Landscape painters  Search this
Painters -- Connecticut  Search this
Topic:
Landscape architects  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Landscape drawings
Diaries
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Citation:
Oliver Ingraham Lay, Charles Downing Lay, and Lay Family Papers, 1789-2000, bulk 1870-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.layoliv
See more items in:
Oliver Ingraham Lay, Charles Downing Lay, and Lay Family papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-layoliv
Online Media:

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By