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Leonard Nadel Photographs and Scrapbooks

Photographer:
Nadel, Leonard, 1916-1990  Search this
Author:
Galarza, Ernesto  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (10 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Scrapbooks
Place:
Mexico
Texas -- 20th century
Texas
California
Date:
1950-2006
bulk 1956-1960
Summary:
Photographer Leonard Nadel's supplemental material relating to and photographs of the Mexican braceros (manual laborers). They were photographed in California, Texas, and Mexico for the Ford Foundation's Fund for the Republic during the late 1950s and early 1960s in support of a report entitled Strangers in Our Fields by Dr. Ernesto Galarza.
Scope and Contents:
The collection is divided into three series. Each series is arranged chronologically.

Series 1: Scrapbooks, 1950-1968, contains scrapbooks of clippings of magazine articles and newspaper stories written by Nadel and others as well as magazines and newspaper articles making use of his photographs. The material is from a variety of specialty and mainstream publications and varies in subject matter. The scrapbooks are not only focused on Nadel's work for the Ford Foundation's Fund for the Republic but also offer a broad sampling of his work throughout the 1950s and 1960s. Material in the scrapbooks are arranged in rough chronological order. There is also a sample custom cover from one of the scrapbooks.

Series 2: Photographs, 1956-1960, undated, contains photographs printed from his negatives of the braceros. This series also contains a complete run of 8" x 10" contact sheets from his negatives of the bracero. The negatives themselves are in this series but not available for research per donor request. There are photographs ranging in size from 8" x 10" to large format photographs (10 1/2" x 13 1/2") that are keyed to frames on the contact sheets for easy reference. Negatives are arranged chronologically and captions are keyed to the negative numbers. These images have been digitized and may be found by searching "Nadel" on the collections section of the National Museum of American History website or by contacting the Archives Center.

Series 3: Publications and Supplemental Materials, 1956-2006, undated, contains correspondence, copies of Strangers in Our Fields, the publication making use of Nadel's bracero photographs, and other publications citing Nadel's work or based on it. This series also contains correspondence and written material from Evelyn De Wolfe Nadel, wife of Leonard Nadel; material relating to Nadel's photographic archive and captions for a selection of the bracero photographs. There is a selection of assorted loose news clippings.
Arrangement:
This collection is divided into three series:

Series 1: Scrapbooks, 1950-1968

Series 2: Photographs, 1956-1960, undated

Series 3: Publications and Supplemental Materials, 1956-2006, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Primarily known as a freelance photographer and photojournalist, Leonard Nadel (1916-1990) was born in Harlem, New York to Austro-Hungarian immigrant parents. He attended the City College of New York. Entering the Army during World War II, he trained at the Army Signal Corps Photographic Center. During the war he served in Australia, New Guinea, and the Philippines. After the war he returned to New York and received his master's degree in education from Teachers College, Columbia University. He moved to Los Angeles, California and studied at the Art Center College of Design.

In Los Angeles, Nadel photographed both the Pueblo del Rio and Aliso Village housing projects. He was also hired by the Housing Authority of the City of Los Angeles (HACLA) to document living conditions in the city's slums and their new post-World War II housing projects. Nadel continued his employment with HACLA until 1953, when he resigned because his HACLA colleague, Frank Wilkinson, was blacklisted by the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) and forced to resign.

Between 1953 and 1980 Nadel worked as a freelance photographer for such publications as the Los Angeles Times, Harvester News, Life, Business Week, and other major publications. His work with the Ford Foundation's Fund for the Republic resulted in his work documenting the bracero program. These photographs were taken by Leonard Nadel in connection with a survey of braceros done by Ernesto Galarza for the Fund for the Republic in 1956 in support of the publication, Strangers in Our Fields. During World War II, the United States and Mexico entered an agreement to alleviate the US labor shortage created by the war by importing Mexican workers. This arrangement outlasted the end of the war and by the time of Nadel's photographs nearly half a million Mexican contract workers, in the common vernacular of the time known as "drybacks," were legally imported to the United States annually working on short term labor contracts predominately in agriculture. These workers were also known as braceros, in Spanish translated as "manual laborer".

Nadel wrote of his work with the braceros, "I covered 5,000 miles during a circuit that took me from California to Mexico to Texas. It would have been easy enough just to turn over to the Fund the finished collection of photographs from the 2,000 images I took in attempting to accurately document the story of Strangers in Our Fields. But the conditions I had witnessed stirred me deeply. I felt that it was as much my responsibility to help 'sell' the picture story."

Nadel's photographs were the subject of the National Museum of American History (NMAH) exhibition, "Bittersweet Harvest: The Bracero Program, 1942-1964" in 2009-2010. Nadel's photographs are featured in NMAH's "America on the Move" exhibit. This quote from the "America on the Move" exhibition website gives the history of the photographs as well as the bracero program.

"In 1956, Leonard Nadel was hired by the Fund for the Republic, an anti-McCarthy liberal spin off of the Ford Foundation, to document the Bracero Program. In the 1990s, the Smithsonian Institution acquired the Nadel images. The collection contains 64 captioned photographic prints and 1730 original 35mm negatives (with corresponding contact sheets). The images document life in Mexico, men's experiences of crossing the border, and work and life in the US.

"The Bracero Program came into existence in 1942. Growers argued that labor shortages in the United States resulting from World War II required the recruitment of Mexican nationals. Mexico saw the program as a contribution to the war effort. Although the program began as a temporary war measure, it became a fixture of agricultural work landscape until it was finally terminated in 1964.

"Over the course of its lifetime, the Bracero Program became the largest and most significant U.S. labor guest worker program of the 20th century. In all, over 4.5 million contracts were awarded through the twenty-two years of the program. Despite the well-intentioned contracts, the program did not escape controversy. Some point out the widespread abuses of many of the contract's protective provisions and the violation of the legal rights and civil liberties of the braceros while others describe the program as an opportunity for Mexican nationals to make a living and improve the conditions of their families. Regardless of one's opinion of the program, it had a profound effect on Mexican American settlement patterns in the U.S. and numerous Latino families have ancestors who were involved in the Bracero Program."

Nadel married Los Angeles Times staff writer Evelyn De Wolfe in August 1961. She was Brazilian by birth and after their marriage she resigned from the Times and collaborated with Nadel on many projects that covered both national and international subjects. Nadel died in 1990.
Related Materials:
Materials in Other Organizations

The collections of the Los Angeles Public Library and the Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research each contain photographic images made by Leonard Nadel during the time he worked for The Housing Authority of the City of Los Angeles (HACLA). The Photo Collection of the Los Angeles Public Library contains approximately 290 copy negatives and corresponding black-and-white copy prints made from original materials held by HACLA. The Housing Authority of the City of Los Angeles Photograph Collection, held at the Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research, contains 225 black-and-white photographs produced by HACLA, forty-two of which were taken by Nadel.

The Getty Research Institute, Special Collections, Los Angeles, California, contain 8.75 linear feet (14 boxes) of Leonard Nadel photographs and other material relating to housing and urban redevelopment in Los Angeles, 1947-1998. The collection is described as, "Consisting primarily of photographic material by Leonard Nadel from 1947 to 1957, the collection records early efforts by the Housing Authority of the City of Los Angeles (HACLA) to promote integrated public housing for the city's growing multi-ethnic population, and also documents several areas of the city that the Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) had targeted for commercial revitalization. Nadel's black-and-white negatives, contact prints and two unpublished photographic books form the bulk of the collection, supplemented by handwritten notes and related documents."
Provenance:
The collection was purchased with funds from the Jackson Fund in 2000. All rights were transferred to the National Museum of American History in 2000-2001.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research use. Photographic negatives are not available for research at the donor's request, but contact sheets of the negatives are available in the collection. Some images are restricted for publication, but may be viewed in the Archives Center's reading room.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs, negatives, and slides.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Farmers -- Mexico  Search this
Agriculture -- Research  Search this
Agriculture -- Photographs -- 20th century  Search this
Labor  Search this
Agricultural laborers  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- Photographs  Search this
Documentary photography -- United States  Search this
Photographers -- 1950-1980  Search this
Bracero Program  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Photographs -- 1950-2000
Black-and-white photographs
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Citation:
Leonard Nadel Photographs and Scrapbooks, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1313
See more items in:
Leonard Nadel Photographs and Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1313
Online Media:

Carlos de Wendler-Funaro Gypsy Research Collection

Collector:
Community Life, Div. of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Community Life, Div. of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Photographer:
Alland, Alexander, Sr. (Alexander Landschaft), 1902-1989  Search this
Author:
Kaslov, Steve, ca. 1888-1949 (King of the Red Bandanna Romany Gypsies )  Search this
Names:
Jura, Chaiko (Gypsy leader)  Search this
Kaslov, Pupa  Search this
Kaslov, Steve, ca. 1888-1949 (King of the Red Bandanna Romany Gypsies )  Search this
Extent:
4.3 Cubic feet (15 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Journals
Dissertations
Scrapbooks
Manuscripts
Place:
West Virginia -- 1930-1950
New Jersey -- 1930-1950
Maspeth (Queens, Long Island, N.Y.) -- 1930-1950
New York (N.Y.) -- photographs -- 1930-1950
Date:
circa 1920-1975
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 4.3 cubic feet of manuscript, print, and photographic materials created or collected by Carl de Wendler-Funaro (1898-1985) in pursuit of his interest in Gypsy life and culture. (Carlos de Wendler-Funaro used several forms of his name; he wrote mostly as Carl de Wendler-Funaro.) The -collection was brought to the attention of the Division of Community Life, National Museum of American History, by Matt T. Salo and donated to the Smithsonian by Dr. de Wendler-Funarol's widow, Cornelia de Funaro, in May 1985, through Richard E. Ahlborn, Curator.

The number and breadth of the photographic materials, especially, the accompanying documentation and their representation of many Gypsy groups in a single time period, make this collection an important resource for research.

Print and Manuscript Materials

The print and manuscript materials in the collection are organized-into six series: (1) materials for which Carl de Wendler-Funaro is author, co-author or editor; (2) materials about de Wendler-Funaro; (3) correspondence; (4) journals, books, or extracts from them, by various authors; (5) newspaper and magazine articles; (6) photomechanical images from newspapers, magazines, and books.

The manuscript materials include drafts of portions of planned books, reading notes, and Gypsy language notes and transcriptions. De Wendler-Funaro seems to have planned two books. One was to have been a book of his photographs, with accompanying essays describing his encounters with Gypsies, the other a work on Gypsies, especially those in the United States. The major element of the second book was to have been the history of the Rom in this country as told by Steve Kaslov. The second work was to have included the manuscripts, 'The Last Caravan,' on Romnichels in the United States; 'Romanian Gypsies in Maspeth Village,' on the Ludar; 'Hungarian Gypsies,' orx these musicians in the United States; and some folk tale materials. Several outlines for the two books are in the collection.

The draft materials written with Steve Kaslov include an account of the Gypsy leader Chaiko Jura. The account, which seems to approach legend at some points, describes his immigration to the United States, adventures in this country, and death. Also among the draft materials, and intended to follow in the proposed book, is what may be termed an official biography of Steve Kaslov (c. 1888-1949). Apparently tentatively entitled "The Ways of my People,' the manuscript recounts a few incidents, told at length, in the experiences of Kaslov's family and social network from about 1900 to about 1938.

De Wendler-Funaro's notes suggest that the Kaslov biography was dictated to an unnamed lawyer in the early 1930s and given to de Wendler-Funaro in 1934. Kaslov dictated the story of Chaiko to de Wendler-Funaro. (Perhaps this is the source of a statement in the New York Sun, June 20, 1941, that Kaslov had written two books.)

The okaslov manuscripts' are written mostly in a variety of American English common among American Rom. Parts of the biographical section are written in the first person, others in the third. Cultural material includes descriptions of weddings, funerary ritual, business transactions, conflicts and conflict resolution. As factual sources the manuscripts are unreliable: dates, for example, are only very approximate; birth places for Steve Kaslov and his family are incorrect.

Evidence in the manuscripts indicates that de Wendler-Funaro hoped, through 1976, to publish these texts in some form. Apparently Kaslov made a first attempt to publish in 1940, when he sent a draft to Eleanor Roosevelt. Mrs. Roosevelt sent the manuscript on to George Bye, a literary agent, who returned it in 1941 as unpublishable, calling it a Oterribly disorganized manuscript .... [Kaslov] is now working with a doctor (de Wendler-Funarol who claims to be an author but the results are very unhappy' (Correspondence in FDR Library).

Correspondence in the collection (series 3) includes letters to and from de Wendler-Funaro; drafts of letters by Steve Kaslov, soliciting aid for Gypsy education; and correspondence between the U.S. Consulate in Matamoros, Mexico, and the U.S. Department of State. According to Mrs. de Funaro, Carl de Wendler-Funaro destroyed his other correspondence before his death.

Many of the books, journals, articles, and extracts in the collection (series 4)- are materials upon which de Wendler-Funarol's dissertation is based. They include typed transcriptions of published articles as well as printed matter; dates of the materials range from 1554 to 1979.

The collection includes about 2,000 photoprints, including multiple copies, and 2,000 negatives. These materials are organized into eleven series: (7) photographs by de Wendler-Funaro: Gypsies in the United States; (8)photographs by de Wendler-Funaro: Gypsies outside the United States; (9) heirloom photographs'; (10) photographs by other creators; (11) photographs ;rom commercial agencies; (12) photographs of non-Gypsies; (13) photocopies, of numbered photos, in numerical order; (14) negatives; (15) contact sheets made from negatives from by the Smithsonian Office of Printing and Photographic Services, 1986; (16) scrapbook sheets; (17) slides made from negatives and prints by the Smithsonian Office of Printing and Photographic. services, 1986.

The original photographs by Carlos de Wendlet-Funaro span the,period 1922 to 1966, but the majority were taken from about 1932 to about 1942. More than half the photographs are of the Rom group of Gypsies in the United States, and most of these were taken in New York City from about 1938 to about 1942. Other original photos by de Wendler-Funaro are of other Gypsy groups in the United States -- Ludar, Romnichels, 'Black Dutch,w and Hungarian musicians -- as well as of Gypsies in Mexico, Holland, Germany, Austria, France, England, and Hungary. Photographs by other creators include copies of portraits collected from Gypsy families, photos by other photographers, and commercial news photographs collected by de Wendler-Funaro.

De Wendler-Funaro seems to have used the photographs to gain access to Gypsy families and communities (many photos show Gypsies examining albums and sets of pictures). Some photographs were published in his 1937 article, and in two articles by Victor Weybright (1938a, 1938b). De Wendler-Funaro apparently also used lantern slides made from these photographs in lectures on the subject of Gypsies; a handbill advertising his availability on the lecture circuit is part of the collection.

Manuscript drafts for book outlines, introductions, and accompanying essays show that de Wendler-Funaro long nurtured hopes of publishing a popular tool-, 'Incorporating his photographs. To this end he numbered and captioned more than a hundred of these; a partial list of captions is part of the manuscript files. For the most part, the captions are not very helpful in understanding Gypsy cultures. Photocopies of these pictures with captions, in numerical order, are in box 8. With some exceptions, most of the photographs can be used to study costume, personal ornament, and kinesics; these will not be listed separately as subjects in the inventory. The photos of the Rom in New York City show several types of traditional costume, contemporary modish dress, and a wide range of variations on both. Taken together with the "heirloom photos' collected from the same group, they show change and variety in men's and women's dress.

In the photographs of individuals and groups one may compare, for example, sitting positions of women with relation to costume and use (or non-use) of chairs.

Most of the photographs of Rom taken in New York City show Gypsies relaxing on stoops or in the street during the summer, a common pastime in their neighborhoods. They contain little culturally specific information other than that discussed above.

Information on housing is most clearly represented in photographs of camps, in which the type of tent and, to some extent, the relationships of tents, are visible. All the tents shown appear to be commercially made. Since it was the practice to raise the tent walls in good weather, many photos also show tent interiors, with wooden platform floors used on non-grassy sites (Rom) or linoleum as a ground cloth (Romnichel). The use of featherbeds; either alone (Rom) or with bedsteads (Romnichel) is documented.

There are few photographs showing the use of interior space in urban storefront or apartment dwellings (Rom). The photographs taken in the Maspeth, Long Island, 'Gypsy village' show exteriors of the shacks built@by the Ludar.

Of cooking and heating equipment, the cast-iron or sheet-metal stoves of the Romnichels are most evident. The Rom are shown using a variety of equipment, the traditional trivet (Mexico), the Coleman-type camp stove (U.S), and the pot-bellied coal stove (New York City).

Photographs of autos and trucks, auto-drawn luggage trailers (Romnichels in the North), and horse-drawn wagons (by the horse and mule trading Romnichels in the South) reveal something of the transport of people and goods.

A few photographs show subjects at work, but most work pictures are static demonstrations or mere associations with productive enterprise. There are demonstrations of coppersmithing and fender repair work (Rom), and manufacture of rustic furniture (Romnichels), as well as posed demonstrations of palm-reading. Romnichels in the South are shown posing with horses and mules. The business that appears most frequently is fortune-telling, through photographs of roadside business tents (Romnichel); amusement, fair, and resort-area tents and stands (Rom); and canvas facades, banners and signs carrying the fortune-teller's message.

Ritual life is poorly represented in the photographs. There are some photos of a funeral procession, and one interior shot of a funeral; two photos of a saint's-day feast; one of a memorial feast; and one set taken in preparation for Christmas festivities. Curiously, there are no photographs of Rom weddings. The dearth of pictures of rituals and celebrations, which form so important a part of Rom life, may be due to difficulties with interior lighting.

Because of internal and other inconsistencies, exact dating of the photographs is often difficult. Discrepancies of as much as ten year occur in some of the dates in de Wendler-Funaro's notes.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into seventeen series.
Biographical / Historical:
According to information supplied by Mrs. de Funaro, Carl de Wendler-Funaro was born in Brooklyn, New York, on October 12, 1898. After attending Boys' High School and Erasmus Hall High School in Brooklyn, he attended the University of Illinois and Cornell University, receiving a bachelor's degree in entolomology from Cornell in 1923. Subsequently he taught foreign languages at New York University, the McBurney School of the YMCA in New York City, Newark Academy and Wagner College. He began graduate work in the late 1930s, and in 1958 earned a doctorate from Columbia University with a dissertation on 'The Gitano in Spanish Literature' (a copy is in the collection, Box 1, folders 2 and 3). De Wendler-Funaro retired from teaching in 1963; he died in Tucson, Arizona on February 15, 1985.

Carl de Wendler-Funaro was an avid amateur collector of insects, especially Coleoptera, as well as shells, minerals, stamps and coins; his insect collections were donated to the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

De Wendler-Funaro's interest in Gypsies, according to his manuscripts, began in childhood. The manuscripts and one published article indicate that this interest continued to be personal, rather than professional,,,,apd @hat,,he, did not pursue his contacts with Gypsies systematically. (it was, not, 'until' the late 1940s that anthropologists began systematic studies of GYPSY.@ cultures.) It appears that de Wendler-Funaro sought out Gypsies in fairgrounds, amusement parks and urban storefronts, collecting specimens of language and taking photographs. Irving Brown's letter to de Wendler-Funaro (1929), and de Wendler-Funarol's article in Leisure (1937) refer to his visits to amusement parks. Some of his Romnichel (English Gypsy) subjects recall him as the man who drove along the roads, stopping to take pictures wherever he saw a tent. About 1938 de Wendler-Funaro became involved with a Committee on Gypsy Problems of the Welfare Council, a social service agency of New York City. This involvement may have been an outgrowth of his association with Steve Kaslov, styled by some a Gypsy king. De Wendler-Funaro seems to have served as Kaslov's amanuensis.
Gypsies in the United States:
Several groups, all known to outsiders as "Gypsies," live today in the United Sates. In their native languages, each of the groups refers to itself by a specific name, but all translate their self-designations as 'Gypsy' when speaking English. Each had its own cultural, linguistic, and historical tradition before coming to this country, and each maintains social distance from the others. An overview of these groups and their interethnic relations is presented in "Gypsy Ethnicity: Implications of Native Categories and Interaction for Ethnic Classification," by Matt T. Salo.

Rom

The Rom arrived in the United States from Serbia, Russia and Austria-Hungary beginning in the 1880s, part of the larger wave of immigration from southern and eastern Europe in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Primary immigration ' ended, for the most part, in 1914, with the beginning of the First World War and subsequent tightening of immigration restrictions (Salo and Salo 1986). Many people in this group specialized in coppersmith work, mainly the repair and retinning of industrial equipment used in bakeries, laundries, confectionaries, and other businesses. The Rom, too, developed the fortune-telling business in urban areas.

Two subgroups of the Rom, the Kalderash ('coppersmiths') and, Machwaya natives of machva,' a county in Serbia) appear in the photographs iiv, this collection. De Wendler-Funaro identified some, but not all, Kalderash as, 'Russian Gypsies.' Another group he identified as "Russian Gypsies' seem, to,, be the Rusniakuria ('Ruthenians'), who in New York are known as musicians and singers.

Ludar

The Ludar, or "Romanian Gypsies,' also immigrated to the United States during the great immigration from southern and eastern Europe between 1880 and 1914. Most of the Ludar came from northwestern Bosnia. Upon their arrival in the United States they specialized as animal trainers and show people, and indeed passenger manifests show bears and monkeys as a major part of their baggage. Most of de Wendler-Funarols photographs of this group were taken in Maspeth, a section of the borough of Queens in New York City, where the Ludar created a village of home-made shacks that existed from about 1925 to 1939, when it was razed. A similar settlement stood in the Chicago suburbs during the same period. One of de Wendler-Funarols manuscripts, "Romanian Gypsies at Maspeth Village,' (box 1, folder 9), and a letter from Ammiee Ellis, a social worker (box 2, folder 2), refer to this settlement.

Romnichels

The Romnichels, or English Gypsies, began to come to the United States from England in 1850. Their arrival coincided with an increase in the demand for draft horses in agriculture and then in urbanization, and many Romnichels worked as horse-traders. After the rapid decline in the horse trade following the First World War, most Romnichels relied on previously secondary enterprises, 'basket-making,* including the manufacture and sale of rustic furniture, and fortune-telling. Horse and mule trading continued to some extent in southern states where poverty and terrain slowed the adoption of tractor power (Salo and Salo 1982).

Photoprints in box 6, folders 2 through 10, correspond with de Wendler-Funarols trip described in his manuscript 'In Search of the Last Caravan' (box 1, folder 10). Discrepancies between this manuscript and the photos should be noted. De Wendler-Funarols notes date this trip variously between 1931 and 1945. I have dated it about 1940. Although one man appears as a frequent subject in the largest set of photos (box 6, folders 22 and 23), in the manuscript, de Funaro mentions having missed meeting him.

'Black Dutch'

Gypsies from Germany, whom de Wendler-Funaro refers to 'as Chikkeners (Pennsylvania German, from the German Zigeuner), sometimes refer to themselves as wblack Dutch.w They are few in number and claim to have largely assimilated to Romnichel culture. They are represented in de Wendler-Punarols photographs by a few portraits of one old man and briefly referred to in the manuscript mIn Search of the Last Caravan.*

Hungarian Gypsies

The Hungarian musicians also came to this country with the eastern European immigration. In the U.S. they continued as musicians to the Hungarian and Slovak immigrant settlements.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Mrs. Cornelia de Funaro, June 26, 1985.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Photographs by de Wendler-Funaro are available for reproduction. Fees for commercial use. Permission to reproduce photographs by Alexander Alland must be granted by the photographer's estate; other photographs may have copyright restrictions.
Topic:
Funeral rites and ceremonies -- manuscripts -- Gypsies  Search this
Wagons, Gypsy -- 1920-1980  Search this
Weddings -- manuscripts -- Gypsies  Search this
Orthodox Eastern Church -- Photographs -- 1920-1980  Search this
Tents -- Photographs -- 1920-1980  Search this
Housing -- Photographs -- Wagons -- 1920-1980  Search this
Bears -- performing -- 1920-1980 -- Maspeth (N.Y.)  Search this
Housing -- Photographs -- Tents -- 1920-1980  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- Photographs -- 1920-1980  Search this
Coppersmiths -- 1930-1950  Search this
Musicians -- 1930-1950  Search this
Furniture-making -- 1930-1950  Search this
Horse-trading -- 1930-1950  Search this
Fortune-telling -- 1930-1950  Search this
Training -- Animals -- 1930-1950  Search this
Collectors and collecting  Search this
Gypsies -- 1920-1980 -- United States  Search this
Costume -- Gypsies -- 1920-1980  Search this
Portraits -- Gypsies  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1900-1950
Journals -- 1930-1950
Dissertations
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film -- 1930-1950
Manuscripts -- 1920-1970
Citation:
Carlos de Wendler-Funaro Gypsy Research Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0161
See more items in:
Carlos de Wendler-Funaro Gypsy Research Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0161
Online Media:

Caterpillar Tractor Co. Photoprints

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Holling, W. J.  Search this
Chandler, Don  Search this
Caterpillar Tractor Co. (Peoria, Ill.).  Search this
Broden  Search this
Names:
Caterpillar Tractor Co. (Peoria, Ill.).  Search this
Extent:
11 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Aerial photographs
Place:
Texas -- 1940-50
Illinois -- photographs -- 1948-1949
Georgia -- 1940-1950
California -- 1940-1950
Date:
1948-1949.
Scope and Contents note:
11 photoprints of Caterpillar Tractor Co. buildings and products: three photographs of company buildings, including two aerial views, and eight photographs of tractors, including views of machines at work in various locations. Tractors with various models of scrapers are shown in San Antonio, Texas; Whittier, California; and Colquitt County, Georgia. Locations of five tractor views unidentified: one shows two stationary tractors, the others show machines at work in roadbuilding and cemetery construction.
Biographical/Historical note:
Photographs probably commissioned by Caterpillar for public relations or advertising use.
Provenance:
Source unknown, but possibly originally in Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Road construction -- Photographs -- 1940-1950  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- Photographs  Search this
Factories -- 1940-1950  Search this
Earthmoving machinery -- Photographs -- 1940-1950  Search this
Construction workers  Search this
Construction industry -- Photographs -- 1940-1950  Search this
Cemeteries -- Construction -- 1940-1950  Search this
Tractors -- Photographs -- 1940-1950  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1940-1950
Aerial Photographs
Citation:
Caterpillar Tractor Company Photoprints, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Collection processed by NMAH Staff, undated
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0146
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0146

G. Dwoyid Olmstead Photonegatives

Photographer:
Olmstead, G. Dwoyid (Gilbert Dwoyid), 1914-1985  Search this
Donor:
Williams, Sydney Olmstead  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (2 vertical boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Pittsburgh (Pa.) -- 1940-1950
Hill District (Pittsburgh, Pa.) -- 1940-1950
Los Angeles (Calif.) -- 1940-1950
Date:
ca. 1941-1949.
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains one hundred seventy eight (178) film photonegatives by G. Dwoyid Olmstead in 4 x 5 in. sheet and cut film and 2 1/4 x 2 1/4 in. (#120) rollfilm sizes; the rollfilm negatives are cut apart into either individual frames or double image strips. Most of the photographs were taken in the early 1940s in the Hill District, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and include pictures of the black citizens of the area in scenes of everyday life, children at play, interiors and exteriors of houses, etc. Olmstead told his friends that 'he felt it was important to capture on camera the living conditions of the residents there. There are also pictures of a Labor Day parade by striking members of the Westinghouse U.E.R.M.W.A. union, of the AFL/CIO) and related subjects. Marks on the original envelopes seem to indicate that some pictures in the group were taken in Los Angeles (AL.A.@). Many of the negatives are stained blue, and are identified as "blue" on the Container List. All the negatives seem to be on safety film, with "safety" imprints on the sheet film negatives.

The original negatives are supplemented with a set of "non-vintage" enlargements and contact prints, made primarily by the Smithsonian Office of Printing and Photographic Services.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged by subject.
Biographical / Historical:
Olmstead was an African-American photographer who worked in the Hill District ghetto area of Pittsburgh, Pa. in the early 1940s. He was born in Steubenville, Ohio, in March 1914 (he did not include the day in his Rosenwald fellowship application). He was self-taught as a photographer, but later, with the support of Roy Stryker, attended the Art Center School. He received a Rosenwald fellowship in 1946. Olmstead was inspired by Life Magazine photojournalist Gordon Parks. He photographed until the 1960s while working for the Department of Water and Power in Los Angeles. He died August 17, 1985, following a long illness.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Sydney Olmstead Williams, December 5, 1986.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American photographers  Search this
Clergy -- Protestant -- 1940-1950  Search this
Strikes and lockouts -- 1940-1950 -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsurgh  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- 1940-1950 -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh  Search this
Labor Day -- 1940-1950 -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film -- 1940-1950
Citation:
G. Dwoyid Olmstead Photonegatives, circa 1941-1949, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0270
See more items in:
G. Dwoyid Olmstead Photonegatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0270
Online Media:

A tobacco plantation, Pina del Rio, Cuba. Copyright 1899 by Strohmeyer & Wyman. [On negative.] [Cat. No. 20580 : half-stereo photonegative,]

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Strohmeyer & Wyman  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3-1/2" x 3-3/4".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Cuba -- 1890-1900
Pina del Rio (Cuba)
Date:
1899
Local Numbers:
RSN 15984
General:
Currently stored in box 3.1.49 [84]
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Agriculture -- Cuba -- 1890-1920  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- 1890-1900 -- Cuba  Search this
Tobacco -- Cuba -- 1890-1920  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1890-1900 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.1: Underwood and Underwood Negatives / RSN Numbers 15881-15984
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref12524

[Men in several small boats. Active No. 55 : interpositive.]

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (4" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
England -- 1890-1920
Local Numbers:
RSN 8181
General:
Currently stored in box 1.2.16 [17].
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Boats -- England  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- 1890-1920 -- England  Search this
Rivers -- England  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1890-1920 -- Interpositives -- Glass.
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.2: H.C. White Interpositives / RSN Numbers 8091-8191
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref1606

Gilbert L. Johnstone Corporation Panoramic Photoprint

Photographer:
Hughes & Estabrook  Search this
Names:
Johnstone, Gilbert L., Corporation  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot
paper,,10" x 36".,Silver gelatin on
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Panoramas
Place:
Midland Park, Staten Island, New York N.Y. -- photographs
Staten Island, New York N.Y. -- photographs -- 1910-1920
Date:
1919.
Scope and Contents:
Panoramic silver gelatin print, showing over one hundred men, women, and children posed in rows. Many of the men wear straw hats, and a baseball bat lies in the foreground.
Biographical / Historical:
No information about company available at this time, except for what may be determined from the photograph. The donor indicated that her great-grandfather is shown in the photograph. The "employees' outing" or picnic was held at Midland Park, Staten Island, New York, August 9, 1919.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Donna Bouchery, 1986, March 4.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Picnicking -- 1900-1930  Search this
Recreation, outdoor -- 1910-1920  Search this
Baseball -- 1900-1920  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- Photographs -- 1910-1920  Search this
Recreation, industrial -- Photographs -- 1910-1920  Search this
Sports -- 1910-1920 -- New York  Search this
Outdoor recreation -- Photographs -- 1910-1920  Search this
Industrial recreation -- Photographs -- 1910-1920  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1910-1920
Panoramas
Citation:
Gilbert L. Johnstone Panoramic Photoprint, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0209
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0209

[Peerless auto plant.] No. 15 : interpositive

Topic:
Peerless (automobiles)
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (piece, 4" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Cleveland (Ohio) -- 1900-1910
Ohio -- Cleveland -- 1900-1910
Date:
1909
Local Numbers:
RSN 8553

Video number 07716
General:
Currently stored in box 1.2.18 [25].
File Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site. Must be handled with white cotton gloves provided by Archives Center staff, and with special care due to the fragile nature of the items.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Automobiles -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Factories -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Machinery -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- 1900-1910 -- United States  Search this
Automobile industry and trade -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.2: H.C. White Interpositives / RSN Numbers 8505-8610 / [Peerless automobile factory photographs series]
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref17644

[Peerless auto plant.] No. 16 : interpositive

Topic:
Peerless (automobiles)
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (piece, 4" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Cleveland (Ohio) -- 1900-1910
Ohio -- Cleveland -- 1900-1910
Date:
1909
Local Numbers:
RSN 8554

89-12298 (OPPS Neg.)

Video number 07717
General:
Currently stored in box 1.2.18 [25].
File Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site. Must be handled with white cotton gloves provided by Archives Center staff, and with special care due to the fragile nature of the items.
Rights:
Public domain; fees for commercial use. Order from neg. 89-12298.
Topic:
Automobiles -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Factories -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Machinery -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- 1900-1910 -- United States  Search this
Automobile industry and trade -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.2: H.C. White Interpositives / RSN Numbers 8505-8610 / [Peerless automobile factory photographs series]
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref17645

[Peerless auto plant with worker.] No. 17 : interpositive

Topic:
Peerless (automobiles)
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (piece, 4" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Cleveland (Ohio) -- 1900-1910
Ohio -- Cleveland -- 1900-1910
Date:
1909
Local Numbers:
RSN 8555

89-12308 (OPPS Neg.)

Video number 07718
General:
Currently stored in box 1.2.18 [25].
File Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site. Must be handled with white cotton gloves provided by Archives Center staff, and with special care due to the fragile nature of the items.
Rights:
Public domain; fees for commercial use. Order from neg. 89-12308.
Topic:
Automobiles -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Factories -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Machinery -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- 1900-1910 -- United States  Search this
Automobile industry and trade -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.2: H.C. White Interpositives / RSN Numbers 8505-8610 / [Peerless automobile factory photographs series]
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref17646

[Peerless auto plant with workers.] No. 18 : interpositive

Topic:
Peerless (automobiles)
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (piece, 4" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Cleveland (Ohio) -- 1900-1910
Ohio -- Cleveland -- 1900-1910
Date:
1909
Local Numbers:
RSN 8556

89-12294 (OPPS Neg.)

Video number 07719
General:
Currently stored in box 1.2.18 [25].
File Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site. Must be handled with white cotton gloves provided by Archives Center staff, and with special care due to the fragile nature of the items.
Rights:
Public domain; fees for commercial use. Order from neg. 89-12294.
Topic:
Automobiles -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Factories -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Machinery -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- 1900-1910 -- United States  Search this
Automobile industry and trade -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.2: H.C. White Interpositives / RSN Numbers 8505-8610 / [Peerless automobile factory photographs series]
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref17647

[Peerless auto plant: worker and machine.] No. 19 : interpositive

Topic:
Peerless (automobiles)
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (4" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Cleveland (Ohio) -- 1900-1910
Ohio -- Cleveland -- 1900-1910
Date:
1909
Local Numbers:
RSN 8557

Video number 07720
General:
Currently stored in box 1.2.18 [25].
File Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site. Must be handled with white cotton gloves provided by Archives Center staff, and with special care due to the fragile nature of the items.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Automobiles -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Factories -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Machinery -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- 1900-1910 -- United States  Search this
Automobile industry and trade -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.2: H.C. White Interpositives / RSN Numbers 8505-8610 / [Peerless automobile factory photographs series]
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref17648

[Peerless auto plant: worker and machine.] No. 20 : interpositive

Topic:
Peerless (automobiles)
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (piece, 4" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Cleveland (Ohio) -- 1900-1910
Ohio -- Cleveland -- 1900-1910
Date:
1909
Local Numbers:
RSN 8558

89-12297 (OPPS Neg.)

Video number 07721
General:
Currently stored in box 1.2.18 [25].
File Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site. Must be handled with white cotton gloves provided by Archives Center staff, and with special care due to the fragile nature of the items.
Rights:
Public domain; fees for commercial use. Order from neg. no. 89-1229.
Topic:
Automobiles -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Factories -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Machinery -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- 1900-1910 -- United States  Search this
Automobile industry and trade -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.2: H.C. White Interpositives / RSN Numbers 8505-8610 / [Peerless automobile factory photographs series]
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref17649

[Peerless auto plant.] No. 23 : interpositive

Topic:
Peerless (automobiles)
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (piece, 4" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Cleveland (Ohio) -- 1900-1910
Ohio -- Cleveland -- 1900-1910
Date:
1909
Local Numbers:
RSN 8561

89-12290 (OPPS Neg.)

Video number 07724
General:
Currently stored in box 1.2.18 [25].
File Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site. Must be handled with white cotton gloves provided by Archives Center staff, and with special care due to the fragile nature of the items.
Rights:
Public domain; fees for commercial use. Order from neg. 89-12290.
Topic:
Automobiles -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Factories -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Machinery -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- 1900-1910 -- United States  Search this
Automobile industry and trade -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.2: H.C. White Interpositives / RSN Numbers 8505-8610 / [Peerless automobile factory photographs series]
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref17652

[Peerless auto plant.] No. 25 : interpositive

Topic:
Peerless (automobiles)
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (piece, 4" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Cleveland (Ohio) -- 1900-1910
Ohio -- Cleveland -- 1900-1910
Date:
1909
Local Numbers:
RSN 8563

89-12296 (OPPS Neg.)

Video number 07726
General:
Currently stored in box 1.2.18 [25].
File Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site. Must be handled with white cotton gloves provided by Archives Center staff, and with special care due to the fragile nature of the items.
Rights:
Public domain; fees for commercial use. Order from neg. 89-12296.
Topic:
Automobiles -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- 1900-1910 -- United States  Search this
Factories -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Machinery -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Automobile industry and trade -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.2: H.C. White Interpositives / RSN Numbers 8505-8610 / [Peerless automobile factory photographs series]
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref17654

[Peerless auto plant with workers.] No. 26 : interpositive

Topic:
Peerless (automobiles)
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (piece, 4" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Cleveland (Ohio) -- 1900-1910
Ohio -- Cleveland -- 1900-1910
Date:
1909
Local Numbers:
RSN 8564

Video number 07727
General:
Currently stored in box 1.2.18 [25].
File Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site. Must be handled with white cotton gloves provided by Archives Center staff, and with special care due to the fragile nature of the items.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Automobiles -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- 1900-1910 -- United States  Search this
Factories -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Machinery -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Automobile industry and trade -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.2: H.C. White Interpositives / RSN Numbers 8505-8610 / [Peerless automobile factory photographs series]
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref17655

[Peerless auto plant with workers.] No. 27 : interpositive

Topic:
Peerless (automobiles)
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (piece, 4" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Cleveland (Ohio) -- 1900-1910
Ohio -- Cleveland -- 1900-1910
Date:
1909
Local Numbers:
RSN 8565

89-12293 (OPPS Neg.)

Video number 07728
General:
Currently stored in box 1.2.18 [25].
File Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site. Must be handled with white cotton gloves provided by Archives Center staff, and with special care due to the fragile nature of the items.
Rights:
Public domain; fees for commercial use. Order from neg. 89-12293.
Topic:
Automobiles -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- 1900-1910 -- United States  Search this
Factories -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Machinery -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Automobile industry and trade -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.2: H.C. White Interpositives / RSN Numbers 8505-8610 / [Peerless automobile factory photographs series]
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref17656

[Peerless auto plant with workers.] No. 29 : interpositive

Topic:
Peerless (automobiles)
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (piece, 4" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Cleveland (Ohio) -- 1900-1910
Ohio -- Cleveland -- 1900-1910
Date:
1909
Local Numbers:
RSN 8567

89-12312 (OPPS Neg.)

Video number 07730
General:
Currently stored in box 1.2.18 [25].
File Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site. Must be handled with white cotton gloves provided by Archives Center staff, and with special care due to the fragile nature of the items.
Rights:
Public domain; fees for commercial use. Order from neg. 89-12312.
Topic:
Automobiles -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- 1900-1910 -- United States  Search this
Factories -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Machinery -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Automobile industry and trade -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.2: H.C. White Interpositives / RSN Numbers 8505-8610 / [Peerless automobile factory photographs series]
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref17658

[Peerless auto plant with workers.] No. 31 : interpositive

Topic:
Peerless (automobiles)
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (piece, 4" x 5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Cleveland (Ohio) -- 1900-1910
Ohio -- Cleveland -- 1900-1910
Date:
1909
Local Numbers:
RSN 8569

89-12319 (OPPS Neg.)

Video number 07732
General:
Currently stored in box 1.2.18 [25].
File Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site. Must be handled with white cotton gloves provided by Archives Center staff, and with special care due to the fragile nature of the items.
Rights:
Public domain; fees for commercial use. Order from neg. 89-12319.
Topic:
Automobiles -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Labor and laboring classes -- 1900-1910 -- United States  Search this
Factories -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Machinery -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Automobile industry and trade -- 1900-1910 -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.2: H.C. White Interpositives / RSN Numbers 8505-8610 / [Peerless automobile factory photographs series]
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref17660

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