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James E. Curry papers

Correspondent:
Paul, William L. Jr  Search this
Creator:
Curry, James E., 1907-1972  Search this
Names:
Rosebud Sioux Tribe  Search this
Three Affiliated Tribes  Search this
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Bingham, Jonathan  Search this
Cohen, Felix  Search this
Cohen, Henry  Search this
Extent:
121.7 Linear feet
Culture:
Potawatomi  Search this
Muckleshoot  Search this
Nooksack  Search this
Missouria (Missouri)  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Coeur d'Alene  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Gambell, St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota [Standing Rock]  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Mdewakantonwan Dakota [Flandreau]  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Yavapai [Fort McDowell]  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Wendat (Huron)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Santa Ana Pueblo  Search this
Cocopa  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
San Felipe Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Wesort  Search this
Tillamook  Search this
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Stockbridge Mahican  Search this
Quinault  Search this
Lummi  Search this
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tesuque Pueblo  Search this
Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma]  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Sandia Pueblo  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Cheyenne River Lakota Sioux  Search this
Coeur d'Alene  Search this
Croatan  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Cocopa  Search this
Chickahominy  Search this
Lake Superior Chippewa [Lac Courte Oreilles, Wisconsin]  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Alaskan Eskimo  Search this
Unangan (Aleut)  Search this
Chiricahua Apache [Fort Sill, Oklahoma]  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Yavapai  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Washoe (Washo)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Seri  Search this
Zia Pueblo  Search this
Yoeme (Yaqui)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Catawba  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Osage  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Umatilla  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Tsimshian [Metlakatla]  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Ute  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
Havasupai (Coconino)  Search this
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Oto  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Notes
Letters
Clippings
Legal documents
Place:
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians of North Carolina
Date:
1932-1958
Summary:
These are the papers of Washington, D.C. attorney James E. Curry, whose legal career included work both as a government attorney and in his own private practice. The bulk of the papers reflect his private practice in the area of Indian affairs.
Scope and Contents:
The material in the collection includes documents relating to many aspects of Curry's career but most of it relates to his work with Indian tribes and the National Congress of American Indians. For the most, the collection is made up of such materials as letters exchanged with government officials, Indians, and other attorneys; copies of legal documents; published government documents; notes; and clippings and other printed materials. Of particular significance is a subject file relating to Indian affairs. It includes material concerning affairs of Alaskan natives and the Aleut (Akutan, Pribilof Islands), Apache (including Fort Sill, Jicarilla, Mescalero, San Carlos White Mountain), Arapaho (Southern), Assiniboine (Fort Belknap, Fort Peck), Bannock (including Fort Hall), Blackfeet, Caddo, Catawba, Cherokee (Eastern), Cheyenne (Northern, Southern), Chickahominy, Chickasaw, Chippewa (including Lac Courte Oreilles), Choctaw, Cochiti, Cocopa, Coeur d'Alene, Colville, Comanche, Creek, Croatan, Crow, Dakota (Big Foot, Cheyenne River, Crow Creek, Devil's Lake, Flandreau, Fort Totten, Lower Brule, Mdewakanton, Oglala, Rosebud, Santee, Sisseton-Wahpeton, Standing Rock, Yankton), Delaware, Eskimo (including Gambell, Kiana), Flathead, Fox, Haida (including Kasaan), Havasupai, Hopi, Iroquois (Caughnawaga, Seneca, St. Regis), Isleta, Jemez, Kalilspel, Kansa (Kaw), Kickapoo, Kiowa, Klamath, Kutenai, Laguna, Lummi, Maricopa (Gila River, Salt River), Menominee, Missouria, Mohave (Fort Mohave), Mohave Apache (Fort McDowell), Muckleshoot, Navaho, Nez Perce, Niska, Nooksak, Omaha, Osage, Oto, Papago, Paiute (Fallon, Fort McDermitt), Moapa, Pyramid Lake, Shivwits, Walker River, Yerington), Pima (Gila River, Salt River), Potowatomi, Quinaielt, San Felipe, San Ildefonso, San Juan, Santa Ana, Santa Clara, Sandia, Sauk, Seminole (Florida, Oklahoma), Seneca, Seri, Shawnee (Eastern), Shoshoni (including Fort Hall), Sia, Spokan, Stockbridge, Taos (Pyote clan), Tesuque, Three Affiliated Tribes (Mandan, Arikara, and Hidatsa), Tillamook, Tlingit (including Angoon, Craig, Juneau, Kake, Ketchikan, Klawak, Klukwan, Taku, Wrangell), Tsimshian (Metlakatla), Umatilla, Ute (including Uintah-Ouray), Walapai, Washo, Wesort, Winnebago, Wyandot, Yakima, Yaqui, Yavapai, Yuma, and Zuni. There are also materials relating to Curry's work with the Bureau of Indian Affairs and National Congress of American Indians, and material that reflects his interest in conditions and events in given locations (often filed by state) and in organizations with interest in Indians. The material relating to Curry's work in Puerto Rico has been deposited in the Archivo General de Puerto Rico, Instituto de Cultura Puertorriquena, in San Juan.
Arrangement note:
The James E. Curry Papershave been arranged into 6 series: (1) Daily Chronological Files, 1941-1955; (2) Subject Files Regarding Indian Affairs, bulk 1935-1955; (3) Miscellaneous Files Regarding Indian Affairs, bulk 1947-1953; (4) Non-Indian Affairs, n.d.; (5) Puerto Rico Work, 1941-1947; (6) Miscellany, undated.
Biographical/Historical note:
James E. Curry was trained in law in Chicago and practiced in that city from 1930 until 1936, serving part of that time as secretary of the local branch of the American Civil Liberties Union. From 1936 to 1938, he was an attorney with the United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Indian Affairs, being largely involved with matters of credit affecting Indians. From 1938 to 1942, he continued service with the Interior Department but worked in several capacities involving the Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration, the department's Consumers' Counsel Division, and the Puerto Rico Water Resources Authority.

In 1945, Curry returned to Washington and set up private practice, also maintaining for a time an office in Puerto Rico. In Washington, he became the attorney for the National Congress of American Indians and from that time until the 1950s his practice increasingly involved representation of American Indian tribes, mostly in claims against the federal government. In this work, for a time, he was involved in business relations with a New York Law firm that included Henry Cohen, Felix Cohen, and Jonathan Bingham.

He also often worked closely with lawyers who lived near the tribes he represented, William L. Paul, Jr., of Alaska, for example. This aspect of his practice--representing Indian tribes--was largely broken up during the early 1950s when the Commissioner of Indian Affairs began to use his powers to disapprove contracts between Curry and the tribes. In 1952 and 1953, his official relationship with the National Congress of American Indians was also ended. After this, while Curry continued until his death to act as a consultant in Indian claims with which he had earlier been involved, his career and life developed in a different direction.
Related Materials:
Additional material relating to James E. Curry can be found in the records of the National Congress of American Indians, also located at the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center.
Provenance:
The Curry papers were originally donated to the National Anthropological Archives by James E. Curry's daughter Mrs. Aileen Curry-Cloonan in December 1973. In 2007 The Curry papers were transferred from the National Anthropological Archives to the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center along with several other records concerning American Indian law and political rights.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Genre/Form:
Notes
Letters
Clippings
Legal documents
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); James E. Curry papers, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.015
See more items in:
James E. Curry papers
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-015

Helen L. Peterson papers

Creator:
Peterson, Helen L.  Search this
Names:
American Indian Development, Inc.  Search this
City and County of Denver Commission on Community Relations  Search this
National Congress of American Indians  Search this
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Extent:
55 Linear feet ((estimated))
Culture:
Cherokee  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Bannock  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache (New Mexico)  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Coeur d'Alene  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
circa 1944 to circa 1990
Summary:
The Helen Peterson collection includes correspondence, notes, miscellaneous administrative documents, financial records, calendars, questionnaires, notes from interviews, survey forms, copies of resolutions, proceedings, speeches, programs, press releases, printed and processed material, and many other types of documents. Mainly these relate to Petersons's career and special interests between 1953 and 1970. There are also a few documents that concern the organizations which Peterson served for periods preceding or following her periods in office. Of special interest are the materials related to the NCAI, many of which supplement the records in that organization's files. The collection also includes documents that concern a wide range of Indian interests and activities.
Scope and Content:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Helen L. Peterson from her birth in 1915 until her 80th Birthday in 1995. Peterson worked for the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), 1953 through 1961; the City and County of Denver Commission on Community Relations (CCR), 1962 to 1970; and American Indian Development, Inc. (AID), 1967 to 1970. Peterson worked for the Bureau of Indian (BIA), 1970 through 1985. She was founder of the Church of the Four Winds which started as the Ecumenical Indian Congregation. She was leader of the Church of the Four Winds starting in 1989. She also served as chair of the National Committee of Indian Work (NCIW) beginning in 1980. Peterson also served as chair of the Province of the Pacific (Province VIII) Indian Commission.

Professional materials in this collection include information from Peterson's time working for NCAI, CCR, AID, BIA, Church of the Four Winds/Ecumenical Indian Congress, Province of the Pacific, and NCIW. Personal materials in the collection include personal documentations (baby book, yearbooks, etc.), personal letters, personal photographs, and news articles about her personal life, among other materials related to her personal life.
Arrangement note:
The Helen Peterson papers are organized into 13 Series. Series 1: National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is divided into four subseries; Subseries 1.1: Executive Council, Subseries 1.2: NCAI Conventions, Subseries 1.3: Chronological Correspondence, Subseries 1.4: Subject Files. Series 2: Commission on Community Relations (CCR), City and County of Denver, Colorado is divided into three subseries; Subseries 2.1: Subject Files, Subseries 2.2: Denver Indian Study Project, Subseries 2.3: Jobs for Indians. This is followed by Series 3: American Indian Development, Inc. (AID), Series 4: White Buffalo Council, Series 5: Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). Series 6: Religious Organizations is divided into five subseries; Subseries 6.1: Church of the Four Winds, Subseries 6.2: Province of the Pacific (Province VIII), Subseries 6.3: Episcopal Church, Subseries 6.4: Other Religious Organizations, Subseries 6.5: Subject Files. This is followed by Series 7: Organizations, Series 8: Events and Series 9: Individuals. Series 10: Newspapers and Newsletters is divided into three subseries; Subseries 10.1: Native American Owned Newspapers and Newsletters, Subseries 10.2: Indian Related News Items, Subseries 10.3 Religious News Items. This is followed by Series 11: Indian Tribes, Series 12: Miscellaneous Subject Files and Series 13: Personal Materials.
Biographical/Historical note:
Helen L. Peterson, born in 1915 on the Pine Ridge Reservation, was an enrolled member of the Oglala Sioux tribe. She attended Chadron State College in 1932, beginning an educational process that included course work at Colorado State College of Education and the University of Colorado. She received a B.S. degree in Business Education from Chadron State College in 1957. In 1935 she began working with the Department of Agriculture's Resettlement Administration, a New Deal Agency. She served as director of the Rocky Mountain Council on Inter-American Affairs at the University of Denver Social Science Foundation and set up the Colorado Inter-American Field Service Program which later came under the Extension Division of the University of Colorado. In 1948, she was appointed as the first director of the Mayor's Committee on Human Relations in Denver, Colorado. As the "Commission on Human Relations," the committee became a permanent part of city government in 1949 transitioning to the "Commission on Community Relations" in 1959. Peterson acted as an adviser to the United States Delegation to the Second Inter-American Indian Conference in Cuzco, Peru in 1949 and in 1953 she was selected as the executive director of the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), a position she held through 1961. During these years, NCAI experienced tremendous growth, becoming firmly established as a national organization during her tenure.

Peterson returned to Denver in 1962 as the director of the Commission on Community Relations. From 1967 to 1970 she served as part-time executive director to American Indian Development, Inc. She was appointed Assistant to the Commissioner of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in 1970 and remained with the Bureau of Indian Affairs until 1985. Throughout her career, Peterson was an active member in the Episcopal Church and in later years served various Episcopal organizations. She was a chair of the National Committee of Indian Work (NCIW) beginning in 1980, chair of the Province of the Pacific (Province VIII) Indian Commission, and founder of the Ecumenical Indian Congregation. Ecumenical Indian Congress became the Church of the Four Winds in 1989. During that year Peterson became the chair of Church of the Four Winds.

Peterson received many awards and honors throughout her life. In 1955, Peterson was named "Outstanding American Indian of 1955" at the Anadarko Exposition. She received an honorary doctorate of humane letters from the University of Colorado in 1973. She was also the recipient of distinguished service awards from Columbia University, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the National Congress of American Indians, the White Buffalo Council of Denver, the Multnomah County Commissioners, and the National Institute for Women of Color. She passed away on July 10, 2000.
Provenance:
This collection was received by the National Anthropological Archives from Helen Peterson in June 1987. It was then transferred from NAA to the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center in 2007.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
NCAI Bulletin  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Helen L. Peterson Papers, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.016
See more items in:
Helen L. Peterson papers
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-016

Leggings part/fragment

Culture/People:
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Thomas Talbot Waterman (T. T. Waterman), Non-Indian, 1885-1936  Search this
Object Name:
Leggings part/fragment
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads, sinew, thread
Techniques:
Overlay beadwork
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Bonners Ferry, Kootenai Reservation; Boundary County; Idaho; USA
Catalog Number:
10/7920
Barcode:
107920.000
See related items:
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6915ce405-0be1-4a9a-bee3-bdfd0a4f7811
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_116380
Online Media:

Cradleboard

Culture/People:
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]  Search this
Collector:
Charles F. Nesler, Non-Indian, 1864-1930  Search this
Previous owner:
Charles F. Nesler, Non-Indian, 1864-1930  Search this
Donor:
Charles F. Nesler, Non-Indian, 1864-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Cradleboard
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Overlay beadwork
Object Type:
Transportation Items: Baby carriers
Place:
Idaho; USA
Catalog Number:
10/5436
Barcode:
105436.000
See related items:
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]
Transportation Items: Baby carriers
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws61185fbe2-547e-4207-ae27-c2d36894883b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_113014
Online Media:

Cradleboard

Culture/People:
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]  Search this
Previous owner:
John D. Bagley, Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Cradleboard
Media/Materials:
Wood, hide, wool cloth, cotton cloth, glass bead/beads, metal bead/beads, silk ribbon, hide thong/babiche, dentalium shell/shells, shell/shells, abalone/haliotis shell, animal tooth/teeth, twine/string, thread
Techniques:
Carved, sewn, overlay beadwork, strung, fringed
Dimensions:
109 x 39 x 15 cm
Object Type:
Transportation Items: Baby carriers
Place:
Idaho; USA
Date created:
circa 1880
Catalog Number:
10/1082
Barcode:
101082.000
See related items:
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]
Transportation Items: Baby carriers
On View:
NMAI, New York, NY: Infinity of Nations, Plains & Plateau
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws630cc639e-a2eb-42fe-ac96-369d65bec5cf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_108448
Online Media:

Pipe bowl and pipestem

Culture/People:
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Thomas Talbot Waterman (T. T. Waterman), Non-Indian, 1885-1936  Search this
Object Name:
Pipe bowl and pipestem
Media/Materials:
Wood, stone
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Bonners Ferry, Kootenai Reservation; Boundary County; Idaho; USA
Catalog Number:
10/7918
Barcode:
107918.000
See related items:
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws61d1101c4-5616-4fd6-80bd-37b1625d00c5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_116377
Online Media:

Bag

Culture/People:
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]  Search this
Object Name:
Bag
Media/Materials:
Canvas, glass bead/beads, twine/string
Techniques:
Sewn, overlay beadwork, lazy/lane stitch beadwork
Object Type:
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Place:
Coeur d'Alene Reservation; Benewah County, Kootenai County; Idaho; USA
Catalog Number:
14/4699
Barcode:
144699.000
See related items:
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws61ac0098c-8a6d-48c7-8724-9524c41dfa2c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_155393
Online Media:

Hair ornament

Culture/People:
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Thomas Talbot Waterman (T. T. Waterman), Non-Indian, 1885-1936  Search this
Object Name:
Hair ornament
Media/Materials:
Weasel skin/fur, wool yarn, shell/shells, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Stitched
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Bonners Ferry, Kootenai Reservation; Boundary County; Idaho; USA
Catalog Number:
10/7919
Barcode:
107919.000
See related items:
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws623f00510-c281-4cae-bc2f-1855db4cddba
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_116378
Online Media:

Necklace

Culture/People:
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]  Search this
Collector:
Charles F. Nesler, Non-Indian, 1864-1930  Search this
Previous owner:
Charles F. Nesler, Non-Indian, 1864-1930  Search this
Donor:
Charles F. Nesler, Non-Indian, 1864-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Necklace
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Strung
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Idaho; USA
Catalog Number:
10/5437
Barcode:
105437.000
See related items:
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f8afeb5f-d4fc-43f3-b04f-2cd4568239c5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_113016
Online Media:

Berry box/container

Culture/People:
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Thomas Talbot Waterman (T. T. Waterman), Non-Indian, 1885-1936  Search this
Previous owner:
Mother-in-Law of Louis Francis, Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]  Search this
Object Name:
Berry box/container
Media/Materials:
Birchbark
Techniques:
Folded, stitched
Object Type:
Food Gathering and Preparation
Place:
Bonners Ferry, Kootenai Reservation; Boundary County; Idaho; USA
Catalog Number:
10/7917
Barcode:
107917.000
See related items:
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]
Food Gathering and Preparation
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c84a9977-3a7e-4d9a-a2bb-5373e4fa7bbb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_116376
Online Media:

Pipe bowl

Culture/People:
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]  Search this
Collector:
Dr. George Bird Grinnell, Non-Indian, 1849-1938  Search this
Previous owner:
Dr. George Bird Grinnell, Non-Indian, 1849-1938  Search this
Donor:
Dr. George Bird Grinnell, Non-Indian, 1849-1938  Search this
Object Name:
Pipe bowl
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Near Lake Pend Oreille; Lake Pend Oreille; Bonner County, Kootenai County; Idaho; USA
Date created:
1880-1895
Catalog Number:
11/404
Barcode:
110404.000
See related items:
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a2bb7bc6-3f67-4a72-bb07-7cd8fe0689e9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_119008
Online Media:

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