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Oral history interview with Reed Kay

Interviewee:
Kay, Reed  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Names:
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. School -- Faculty  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. School -- Students  Search this
Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture -- Faculty  Search this
Kokoschka, Oskar, 1886-  Search this
Zerbe, Karl, 1903-1972  Search this
Extent:
54 Slides
232 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1995 December 22-1996 October 4
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Reed Kay conducted 1995 December 22-1996 October 4, by Robert F. Brown, for the Archives of American Art over seven sessions, in Kay's home, in Brookline, Massachusetts.
The cassettes are accompanied by 54 color slides of Kay's artwork executed between 1941 and 1993, including sketches, watercolors, and paintings.
Kay talks about his childhood in an immigrant Jewish community in Boston and the great encouragement he received from teachers and librarians; his entry into the difficult Boston Latin School at age 11; and his early entry into the art classes at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Kay continues discussion about the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston School; life-long friendships there with Jason Berger, Jack Kramer, and David Aronson; and instructors, including Karl Zerbe, head of painting.
Kay talks about his service in World War II; completion of education at MFA School; his marriage in 1946; his first teaching position at the MFA School's summer sessions under Mitchell Siporin and Leonard Baskin in 1948 and Oskar Kokoschka in 1949. He discusses Kokoschka and Zerbe as teachers and colleagues; and his travelling fellowship to Paris, Italy, and Spain, 1949-1950.
Kay continues his discussion of Karl Zerbe as a teacher; talks about the difficulty of beginning a painting career and teaching, especially in a university as Kay did from 1956 until 1989; and about various teaching colleagues at the MFA School.
Kay talks about the superb teaching of anatomy by Ture Bengtz and of perspective by Peter Dubaniewicz at MFA School in the early 1940s; on the precocious abilities of upperclassmen such as Conger Metcalf and John Wilson, and the stimulation their accomplishment gave Kay; on his work, from student drawings to his cityscape paintings of the late 1950s, which he continues to make, abandoning figural, narrative, and studio subjects.
Teaching materials and methods of painting at Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture (summers of 1952 and 1954-1960) and the high quality of instruction and students and his decision to leave; the pluses and minuses of teaching and the toll it took on his own work; his long tenure at the School of Visual Arts, Boston University (1956-1989).
On his writings, principally, "The Painter's Companion: a Basic Guide to Studio Methods and Material," (1961) [revised editions, titled, "Painter's Guide," (1972, 1983)], which was an outgrowth of the emphasis put on craftsmanship, permanence, and mastery of media at MFA School under Karl Zerbe; on his growing concern, expressed in writings and lectures, with the toxicity of some modern artists' materials; and his relationship with art conservators. He discusses his work, from 1959 into the early 1990s while viewing slides.
Biographical / Historical:
Reed Kay (1925- ) is a painter and teacher from Brookline, Massachusetts.
General:
Originally recorded on 9 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 17 digital wav files. Duration is 12 hrs., 56 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Occupation:
Painters -- Massachusetts -- Boston -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.kay95
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9bcb2b4e7-460f-4087-ae11-032f2b27e6ab
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kay95
Online Media:

Woman with Hands Clasped [drawing] / (photographed by Walter Rosenblum)

Artist:
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980  Search this
Photographer:
Rosenblum, Walter 1919-2006  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Peter Deitsch Gallery  Search this
Figure female--Waist length  Search this
Image number:
ROS R0003953
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_133399

Oskar Kokoschka: artist file, [photographs]

Artist:
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980  Search this
Physical description:
1 folder
Type:
Photograph
Artist files
Topic:
Art, Austrian  Search this
Image number:
VFM VF001696
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_140224

Nude [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0017451
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_17451

Henry and Rose Pearlman papers

Creator:
Pearlman, Henry, b. 1895  Search this
Names:
The Henry and Rose Pearlman Foundation  Search this
Cézanne, Paul, 1839-1906  Search this
Degas, Edgar, 1834-1917  Search this
Gogh, Vincent van, 1853-1890  Search this
Kokoschka, Oskar, 1886-  Search this
Lipchitz, Jacques, 1891-1973  Search this
Modigliani, Amedeo, 1884-1920  Search this
Pearlman, Rose, b. 1901  Search this
Soutine, Chaim, 1893-1943  Search this
Extent:
4.38 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1893-1995
bulk 1950-1980
Summary:
The records of the Henry and Rose Pearlman papers measure 4.38 linear feet and date from 1893 to 1995 (bulk 1950-1980). The collection documents the activities of Post-Impressionist and Modern art collectors Henry and Rose Pearlman through correspondence, research materials, exhibition catalogs, photographs, and clippings.
Scope and Content Note:
The Henry and Rose Pearlman papers measure 4.38 linear feet and document the activities of art collectors Henry and Rose Pearlman through correspondence, research materials, exhibition catalogs, photographs of artwork and exhibitions, and clippings ranging from 1909 to 1995 (bulk 1950-1980). Most of the materials relate to artists and pieces represented in the Pearlmans' collection, although a small amount of material concerns works considered or researched by Pearlman, but not purchased.

The bulk of the collection concerns the lending, reproduction, and exhibition of works of art owned by the Pearlmans and their foundation. Supplemental research material such as exhibition catalogs, photographs of artworks, and articles and clippings on artists, artworks or other private collections, make up most of the remainder. Oversized materials include a catalogue of the Pearlman Collection, a portfolio of reproductions of the Cezanne watercolors belonging to the Pearlmans, and photographs comparing Toulouse-Lautrec's Parody of the Bois Sacre aux Arts et Muses to the original.
Arrangement:
The collection has been arranged into four series. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.

Missing Title

Series 1: General Collection Files, 1950-1995 (Box 1, 5; 8 folders)

Series 2: Artists' Files, 1909-1995 (Boxes 1-5, MGP 5; 3.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Museum Files, 1951-1994 (Box 4; 20 folders)

Series 4: Personal Files, 1966-1993 (Box 4; 5 folders)
Biographical Note:
Henry Pearlman (1895-1974), a lifelong resident of New York City, rose through the ranks of the business world to found his own company, Eastern Cold Storage, in 1919. In 1925, Henry married Rose. In the early 1940s, Pearlman purchased a few realist paintings, but it wasn't until his 1943 purchase of Chaim Soutine's Village Square that he was inspired to build what would become a noted collection of Post-Impressionist works. Over the next three decades, Pearlman acquired numerous works by such well-known artists as Soutine, Modigliani, Cezanne, Van Gogh, Renoir, Manet, Matisse, and Toulouse-Lautrec, in addition to those of lesser-known artists. In the early 1950s, Pearlman began collecting Cezanne watercolors. These paintings would become the cornerstone of his collection and would be exhibited around the world. Pearlman died in 1974, leaving his wife, Rose, to manage his collection until her death in 1994. From the mid-1970s, the Pearlman Collection has been on long-term loan to the Art Museum of Princeton.

The Pearlmans founded the Henry and Rose Pearlman Foundation in the 1950s. Much of the Pearlmans' artwork is now officially owned by the Foundation.
Provenance:
The Henry and Rose Pearlman papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in 2004 by Dorothy Edelman and Marge Scheuer, daughters of Henry and Rose Pearlman, care of the Henry and Rose Pearlman Foundation.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Henry and Rose Pearlman papers, 1893-1995, bulk 1950-1980. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.pearhenr
See more items in:
Henry and Rose Pearlman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw923a585c7-1b33-4060-b25b-480e94ce998c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-pearhenr
Online Media:

George Platt Lynes photographs

Creator:
Lynes, George Platt, 1907-1955  Search this
Names:
Bacon, Peggy, 1895-1987 -- Photographs  Search this
Berman, Eugene, 1899-1972 -- Photographs  Search this
Biddle, George, 1885-1973 -- Photographs  Search this
Billings, Henry, 1901- -- Photographs  Search this
Brook, Alexander, 1898-1980 -- Photographs  Search this
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999 -- Photographs  Search this
Chagall, Marc, 1887-1985 -- Photographs  Search this
Chaliapin, Boris, 1904- -- Photographs  Search this
Dunoyer de Segonzac, André, 1884-1974 -- Photographs  Search this
French, Jared, 1905-1988 -- Photographs  Search this
Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943 -- Photographs  Search this
Hopper, Edward, 1882-1967 -- Photographs  Search this
Kokoschka, Oskar, 1886- -- Photographs  Search this
Lachaise, Gaston, 1882-1935 -- Photographs  Search this
Lurçat, Jean, 1892-1966 -- Photographs  Search this
Lynes, George Platt, 1907-1955 -- Art collections -- Photographs  Search this
Noguchi, Isamu, 1904-1988 -- Photographs  Search this
Perlin, Bernard, 1918- -- Photographs  Search this
Pène Du Bois, Guy, 1884-1958 -- Photographs  Search this
Roy, Pierre -- Photographs  Search this
Saint-Gaudens, Homer, b. 1880 -- Photographs  Search this
Tanguy, Yves, 1900-1955 -- Photographs  Search this
Tchelitchew, Pavel, 1898-1957 -- Photographs  Search this
Tooker, George, 1920-2011 -- Photographs  Search this
Zadkine, Ossip -- Photographs  Search this
Zorach, William, 1887-1966 -- Photographs  Search this
Extent:
1.4 Linear feet ((microfilmed on 3 reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1926-1950
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of artists and art works taken by Lynes.
REEL 57: A photograph album, 1926-1942, containing photos of paintings and drawings in Lynes's collection. Paul Cadmus, Jared French, Marsden Hartley, Paul Klee, Pierre Roy, Pavel Tchelitchew, and Yves Tanguy are represented.
REEL 153: Photographs of artists, 1932-1950, and others (printed posthumously) including: Peggy Bacon, Eugene Berman, George Biddle, Henry Billings, Alexander Brook, Paul Cadmus, Marc Chagall, Boris Chaliapin, A. Dunoyer De Segonzac, Guy Pène du Bois, Jared French, Edward Hopper, Oskar Kokoschka, Gaston Lachaise, Jean Lurcat, Isamu Noguchi, Bernard Perlin, Pierre Roy, Homer St. Gaudens, Yves Tanguy, Pavel Tchelitchew, George Tooker, Ossip Zadkine, and William Zorach. Also included is a group photograph (numerous shots in varying poses) of a group of artists including Matta, Ossip, Zadkine, Yves Tanguu, Max Ernst, Marc Chagall, Fernand Léger, André Breton, Piet Mondrian, André Masson, Amédée Ozenfant, Jacques Lipcitz, Pavel Tchelitchev, Kurt Seligman and Eugene Berman taken on the occasion of the Exhibition Artists in Exile at the Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, 1942.
REEL 2077: Fifteen photographs of Marsden Hartley, February 4, 1943, and printed posthumously.
Biographical / Historical:
George Platt Lynes (1907-1955) was a photographer from New York, N.Y. Best known for his portraits of Hollywood stars, ballet dancers, writers, and male nudes.
Provenance:
Material on reel 57 lent for microfilming 1971 by Russell Lynes, brother of George Platt Lynes; material on reels 153 & 2077 donated 1967-1971 by Russell Lynes.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm.
Reel 57: ACCESS RESTRICTED: written permission required.
Rights:
Reels 153 and 2077: Authorization to publish or reproduce requires written permission from Joshua Lynes. Credit should include Copyright Estate of George Platt Lynes. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Photographers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Photography, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Artists -- Photographs  Search this
Portrait photography  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.lynegeor
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw992b59d5d-83f7-4db1-b7a4-b0e70c57821e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lynegeor

Oskar Kokoschka : oleos y acuarelas, dibujos, grabados, mosaicos, obra literaria

Author:
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980  Search this
Fundación Juan March  Search this
Subject:
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980  Search this
Physical description:
96 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1975
Call number:
N40.1.K82 F9
N40.1.K82F9
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_87332

Kokoschka; a retrospective exhibition of paintings, drawings, lithographs, stage designs, and books, organized by the Arts Council of Great Britain. [Held at] the Tate Gallery, 14 September to 11 November

Author:
Arts Council of Great Britain  Search this
Tate Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980  Search this
Physical description:
120 p. illus. (part col.) 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1962
Call number:
N40.1.K82 A7 1962
ND511.5.K6 A88 1962
N40.1.K82A7 1962
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_71930

Klimt, Kokoschka, Schiele : dall'art nouveau all'espressionismo / [curatore della mostra, Jane Kallir]

Author:
Kallir, Jane  Search this
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980  Search this
Schiele, Egon 1890-1918  Search this
Subject:
Klimt, Gustav 1862-1918  Search this
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980  Search this
Schiele, Egon 1890-1918  Search this
Physical description:
195 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
2001
C2001
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_725287

Gustav Klimt/Egon Schiele/Oskar Kokoschka : from art nouveau to expressionism : [exhibition] November 23 through January 5, 2002 / Galerie St. Etienne

Title:
From art nouveau to expressionism
Author:
Galerie St. Etienne  Search this
Subject:
Klimt, Gustav 1862-1918  Search this
Schiele, Egon 1890-1918  Search this
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-  Search this
Physical description:
1 folded sheet ([6]] p. ; 25 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
2001
[2001]
20th century
Topic:
Expressionism (Art)  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_904762

Viennese expressionism, 1910-1924; the work of Egon Schiele, with work by Gustav Klimt and Oskar Kokoschka. [Loan exhibition] University Art Gallery: February 5 through March 10, 1963; Pasadena Art Museum: March 19 through April 21, 1963

Author:
University of California, Berkeley University Art Museum  Search this
Pasadena Art Museum  Search this
University of California, Berkeley Committee for Arts and Lectures  Search this
Subject:
Klimt, Gustav 1862-1918  Search this
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980  Search this
Schiele, Egon 1890-1918  Search this
Physical description:
55 p. illus. (part col.) 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1963
1963]
Topic:
Expressionism (Art)  Search this
Call number:
N6837 .V5
N40.1.S365 V6
N6837.V5 N40.1.S365V6
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_91391

Oskar Kokoschka : Werke auf Papier : Aquarelle, Zeichnungen, Druckgraphik, Bücher : Galleria Henze, Campione d'Italia

Author:
Galleria Henze  Search this
Subject:
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980  Search this
Physical description:
[48] p. : ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1977
1977]
Call number:
N40.1.K82 G16 1977
N40.1.K82G16 1977
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_379346

Saul and David; with 41 lithographs by Oskar Kokoschka

Author:
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980  Search this
Physical description:
214 p. illus. 31 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1973
[1973]
Call number:
N40.1.K82y B5 1973
N40.1.K82yB5 1973
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_38061

Oskar Kokoschka : Emigrantenleben : Prag und London 1934-1953 / Jutta Hülsewig-Johnen

Author:
Hülsewig-Johnen, Jutta  Search this
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980  Search this
Kunsthalle Bielefeld  Search this
Národní muzeum v Praze  Search this
Subject:
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980 Exile  Search this
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980 Exile  Search this
Physical description:
318 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 31 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Place:
Czech Republic
Prague
England
London
Date:
1994
Call number:
N40.1.K82 H92 1994
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_478737

Kokoschka : prints, illustrated books, drawings in the Princes Gate Collection : with notes on the paintings : [exhibition] Courtauld Institute Galleries, 9 September to 28 October 1992 / Helen Braham

Author:
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980  Search this
Braham, Helen  Search this
Courtauld Institute Galleries  Search this
Subject:
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980  Search this
Seilern, Antoine Count 1901-1978 Art collections  Search this
Courtauld Institute Galleries  Search this
Physical description:
72 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 21 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
England
London
Date:
1992
Topic:
Art--Private collections  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.K82y B82 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_466606

Oskar Kokoschka. [Exhibition] October-November 1966

Author:
Marlborough-Gerson Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980-  Search this
Physical description:
131 p. (chiefly illus., part col.), ports. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1966
Call number:
N40.1.K82 M2
ND538.K62 A45X
N40.1.K82M2
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_50184

Kokoschka in his time : lecture given at the Tate Gallery on 2 July 1986 / E.H. Gombrich

Author:
Gombrich, E. H (Ernst Hans) 1909-2001  Search this
Subject:
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Physical description:
32 p. : ill., 1 facsim., ports. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1986
C1986
Call number:
N40.1.K82 G63 1986
N40.1.K82G63 1986
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_405722

Oskar Kokoschka : letters, 1905-1976 / selected by Olda Kokoschka and Alfred Marnau ; foreword by E.H. Gombrich ; [translated from the German by Mary Whittall]

Author:
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980  Search this
Kokoschka, Olda  Search this
Marnau, Alfred 1918-  Search this
Gombrich, E. H (Ernst Hans) 1909-2001  Search this
Subject:
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980 Correspondence  Search this
Physical description:
320 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Germany
Date:
1992
C1992
Topic:
Artists--Correspondence  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.K82 A1l 1992
N40.1.K82A1l 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_432746

Homage to Kokoschka. [Exhibition] March - April, 1966

Author:
Marlborough Fine Art Ltd  Search this
Subject:
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980  Search this
Physical description:
46 p. illus. (part col.) 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1966
1966]
Call number:
N40.1.K82 M3
N6838.K6 A45X
N40.1.K82M3
N6838.K6A45X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_41123

Oskar Kokoschka in Minnesota, 1949-1957 : mission and commissions / Bela Petheo

Author:
Petheo, Bela 1934-  Search this
Subject:
Kokoschka, Oskar 1886-1980 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Minneapolis School of Art  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 77 p., [8] p. of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Minnesota
Minneapolis
Date:
1991
Topic:
Artists as teachers  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.K82 P48 1991
N40.1.K82P48 1991
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_436585

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