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Howard F. Bowker Papers

Creator:
Bowker, Howard Franklin  Search this
Extent:
10 Cubic feet (35 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Articles
Letters (correspondence)
Newsletters
Bibliographies
Card files
Photographs
Date:
1930-1970
Summary:
The collection documents Howard F. Bowker, a coin collector and expert in the coinage of East Asia.
Content Description:
The collection consists almost entirely of the subject files of Howard F. Bowker, a coin collector and expert in the coinage of East Asia. The files, arranged alphabetically by correspondent, primarily contain correspondence between Bowker and persons or organizations making inquiries about coins or numismatic books. Additionally, the files include articles on East Asian coinage, newsletters or other publications, bibliographies he created, and a few photographs and rubbings of coins. Also included is a card file containing the details of his collection.
Arrangement:
Materials are arranged into one series in alphabetical order.
Biographical / Historical:
Howard F. Bowker was born January 3, 1889, in Winona, Minnesota, and he was a self-proclaimed and self-employed coin dealer in the Chicago area by 1910. He served in the U.S. Navy during both World War I and World War II, and it was while he was stationed in Hankow, China, between 1923 and 1924, that he became interested in collecting East Asian numismatic history as well as philatelic history. During and after his service in the Navy, Bowker was a fervent collector of East Asian coins, banknotes, coin molds, stamps, and rare books. He amassed a collection of more than 100,000 objects between the early 1920s and 1970. He engaged with an extensive network of East Asian researchers and collectors and was one of the most prominent American specialists on East Asian numismatics in American history. He provided consulting services to the Smithsonian Institution in the mid-1950s. In 1958, Smithsonian Secretary Leonard Carmichael officially appointed him a Consultant to the Museum of History and Technology, providing for him to travel from San Francisco to Washington, D.C., to work with the National Numismatic Collection curator, Dr. Vladimir Clain-Stefanelli on organizing the George B. Glover collection. Bowker left his numismatic collection to the Smithsonian in his will. Howard F. Bowker died July 8, 1970.
Related Materials:
Materials in the National Numismatic Collection, National Museum of American History

Related objects and an audio file for an oral history interview (NMAH-AHB2017q000016) conducted by Ellen Feingold with Marilyn Dorman, Carolyn Bowker, and June Cornell for the Howard Fraklin Bowker Asian Coin Project United States, recorded November 14, 2016. See accessions: 2017.0035 and 2017.0116.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Nancy Bowker to the Archives Center in 2018.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Coins  Search this
Coins, Chinese  Search this
Coins, Japanese  Search this
Coins, Korean  Search this
Knife coins  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles -- 20th century
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Newsletters -- 20th century
Bibliographies
Card files
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 20th century
Citation:
Howard F. Bowker Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1462
See more items in:
Howard F. Bowker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1462

Knife Coins of Wang Mang and their Counterfeits

Collection Creator:
Bowker, Howard Franklin  Search this
Container:
Box 18, Folder 17
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Howard F. Bowker Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Howard F. Bowker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1462-ref502

Knife Coins

Collection Creator:
Bowker, Howard Franklin  Search this
Container:
Box 18, Folder 18
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Howard F. Bowker Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Howard F. Bowker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1462-ref503

Ming Knife Coins of Ancient China by H.A. Ramsden, China, n.d.

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 229 mm x 165 mm x 12 mm; 9 1/32 in x 6 1/2 in x 15/32 in
Object Name:
pamphlet
Place made:
China
Date made:
n.d.
Credit Line:
Howard F. Bowker Family
ID Number:
2017.0116.472
Catalog number:
2017.0116.472
Accession number:
2017.0116
See more items in:
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
East Asian Coins
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-8273-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1849325

Fragment of Knife Coin, China, n.d.

Physical Description:
bronze (overall material)
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
China
Date made:
n.d.
ID Number:
2017.0060.1467
Catalog number:
2017.0060.1467
Accession number:
2017.0060
See more items in:
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
East Asian Coins
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-ff48-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1837489
Online Media:

Counterfeit Qi (Ch'i) Knife Money, China, 7 - 22

Physical Description:
bronze (overall material)
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
China
Date made:
7 - 22
ID Number:
2017.0060.1490
Catalog number:
2017.0060.1490
Accession number:
2017.0060
See more items in:
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
East Asian Coins
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-ffde-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1837512
Online Media:

Modern Imitation of Knife Coin, China, ca. 300 BCE

Physical Description:
copper (overall material)
Object Name:
coin
Place made:
China
Date made:
19th century
ID Number:
2017.0060.1632
Catalog number:
2017.0060.1632
Accession number:
2017.0060
See more items in:
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
East Asian Coins
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-09c8-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1837654

Knife Money

Physical Description:
metal, bronze (overall material)
Object Name:
knife money
Place made:
China
Date made:
ca 300 BCE
Associated date:
-0300
Credit Line:
Stack Family
ID Number:
NU.77.61.066
Catalog number:
77.61.66
Accession number:
1977.0796
See more items in:
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
East Asian Coins
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-a0e6-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_935827
Online Media:

Modern Imitation Knife Coin, China, 7 - 22

Physical Description:
bronze (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 72 mm x 29 mm x 5 mm; 2 27/32 in x 1 5/32 in x 3/16 in
Object Name:
knife money
Place made:
China
Associated place:
China
Date made:
7 - 22
Associated date:
0009 - 0022
Credit Line:
Stack Family
ID Number:
NU.77.61.114
Catalog number:
77.61.114
Accession number:
1977.0796
See more items in:
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
East Asian Coins
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-72b5-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_935877
Online Media:

Knife coin

Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
H x W x D (overall): 14 x 1.6 x 0.1 cm (5 1/2 x 5/8 x 1/16 in)
Type:
Metalwork
Exchange Media
Origin:
China
Topic:
casting  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Paul Singer collection  Search this
Credit Line:
The Dr. Paul Singer Collection of Chinese Art of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; a joint gift of the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, Paul Singer, the AMS Foundation for the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, and the Children of Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S2012.9.2575
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye367870d16-acd5-407e-8bc2-a901b572b210
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2012.9.2575

Knife coin

Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
H x W x D (overall): 13.8 x 2.2 x 0.2 cm (5 7/16 x 7/8 x 1/16 in)
Type:
Metalwork
Exchange Media
Origin:
China
Topic:
casting  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Paul Singer collection  Search this
Credit Line:
The Dr. Paul Singer Collection of Chinese Art of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; a joint gift of the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, Paul Singer, the AMS Foundation for the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, and the Children of Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S2012.9.2576
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye3eb5b9d61-7ead-47e8-a904-7495f8f6b27a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2012.9.2576

Knife coin

Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
H x W x D (overall): 14.1 x 1.9 x 0.1 cm (5 9/16 x 3/4 x 1/16 in)
Type:
Metalwork
Exchange Media
Origin:
China
Topic:
casting  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Paul Singer collection  Search this
Credit Line:
The Dr. Paul Singer Collection of Chinese Art of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; a joint gift of the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, Paul Singer, the AMS Foundation for the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, and the Children of Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S2012.9.1852
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye3a0d01b88-70ec-4f05-8521-0aa671625364
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2012.9.1852

Knife coin

Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
H x W x D (overall): 18.5 x 3.4 x 0.3 cm (7 5/16 x 1 5/16 x 1/8 in)
Type:
Metalwork
Exchange Media
Origin:
China
Date:
5th-3rd century BCE
Period:
Eastern Zhou dynasty
Topic:
Eastern Zhou dynasty (770 - 221 BCE)  Search this
casting  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Paul Singer collection  Search this
Credit Line:
The Dr. Paul Singer Collection of Chinese Art of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; a joint gift of the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, Paul Singer, the AMS Foundation for the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, and the Children of Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S2012.9.1953
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye3843da7c7-2b5a-4f3d-89e7-b1184d3708e0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2012.9.1953

Knife coin

Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
H x W x D (overall): 17.9 x 3.3 x 0.3 cm (7 1/16 x 1 5/16 x 1/8 in)
Type:
Metalwork
Exchange Media
Origin:
China
Topic:
casting  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Paul Singer collection  Search this
Credit Line:
The Dr. Paul Singer Collection of Chinese Art of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; a joint gift of the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, Paul Singer, the AMS Foundation for the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, and the Children of Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S2012.9.1954
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye394eae497-353a-4c87-af5b-c003b3dfa025
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2012.9.1954

Knife coin

Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
H x W x D (overall): 4.7 x 11.1 x 0.2 cm (1 7/8 x 4 3/8 x 1/16 in)
Type:
Metalwork
Exchange Media
Origin:
China
Topic:
casting  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Paul Singer collection  Search this
Credit Line:
The Dr. Paul Singer Collection of Chinese Art of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; a joint gift of the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, Paul Singer, the AMS Foundation for the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, and the Children of Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S2012.9.2095
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye3f392bfb6-afde-4baf-bf18-b12d201b2427
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2012.9.2095

Knife coin

Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
H x W x D (overall): 8 x 4 x 0.2 cm (3 1/8 x 1 9/16 x 1/16 in)
Type:
Metalwork
Exchange Media
Origin:
China
Topic:
casting  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Paul Singer collection  Search this
Credit Line:
The Dr. Paul Singer Collection of Chinese Art of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; a joint gift of the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, Paul Singer, the AMS Foundation for the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, and the Children of Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S2012.9.2275
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye39f97d154-4e2d-494f-84b1-74886ecb64a6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2012.9.2275

Knife coin

Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
H x W x D (overall): 16.1 x 2.2 x 0.1 cm (6 5/16 x 7/8 x 1/16 in)
Type:
Metalwork
Exchange Media
Origin:
China
Topic:
casting  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Paul Singer collection  Search this
Credit Line:
The Dr. Paul Singer Collection of Chinese Art of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; a joint gift of the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, Paul Singer, the AMS Foundation for the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, and the Children of Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S2012.9.2367
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye394dd8005-b4f4-4bb4-a0a2-2de1f7eeba8c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2012.9.2367

Knife coin

Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
H x W x D (overall): 8 x 4 x 0.2 cm (3 1/8 x 1 9/16 x 1/16 in)
Type:
Metalwork
Exchange Media
Origin:
China
Topic:
casting  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Paul Singer collection  Search this
Credit Line:
The Dr. Paul Singer Collection of Chinese Art of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; a joint gift of the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, Paul Singer, the AMS Foundation for the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, and the Children of Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
RLS1997.48.4349
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye39f97d154-4e2d-494f-84b1-74886ecb64a6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_RLS1997.48.4349

Knife coin

Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
H x W x D (overall): 14 x 1.6 x 0.1 cm (5 1/2 x 5/8 x 1/16 in)
Type:
Metalwork
Exchange Media
Origin:
China
Topic:
casting  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Paul Singer collection  Search this
Credit Line:
The Dr. Paul Singer Collection of Chinese Art of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; a joint gift of the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, Paul Singer, the AMS Foundation for the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, and the Children of Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
RLS1997.48.4355
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye367870d16-acd5-407e-8bc2-a901b572b210
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_RLS1997.48.4355

Knife coin

Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
H x W x D (overall): 14.1 x 1.9 x 0.1 cm (5 9/16 x 3/4 x 1/16 in)
Type:
Metalwork
Exchange Media
Origin:
China
Topic:
casting  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Paul Singer collection  Search this
Credit Line:
The Dr. Paul Singer Collection of Chinese Art of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; a joint gift of the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, Paul Singer, the AMS Foundation for the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, and the Children of Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
RLS1997.48.4356
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye3a0d01b88-70ec-4f05-8521-0aa671625364
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_RLS1997.48.4356

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