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Ethel Payne papers

Creator:
Payne, Ethel L.  Search this
Names:
Carter, Jimmy, 1924-  Search this
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973  Search this
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963  Search this
Kissinger, Henry, 1923-  Search this
Payne, Ethel L.  Search this
Stokes, Louis, 1925-  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Linear feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Awards
Ephemera
Passports
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1960s-1980s
Summary:
The Ethel Payne papers, which date from circa 1960s to 1980s and measure .50 linear feet, document the career of journalist Ethel Payne. The collection is comprised of passports, badges, photographs, press credentials, awards and ephemera.
Scope and Contents note:
This small collection documents the career of Ethel Payne from circa 1960s - 1980s through passports, badges, photographs, press credentials, awards and ephemera.
Arrangement note:
The Ethel Payne papers are arranged into five series:

Series 1: Biographical Series 2: Correspondence Series 3: Travel Series 4: Photographs Series 5: Posters
Biographical/Historical note:
Ethel Payne, born August 14, 1911 was a freelance journalist and the first African American woman to become an international news correspondent. She covered issues pertaining to the political advancement and the social inequality among Blacks in America. An early crusader for African American civil rights, she remained a constant and vigorous political spokesperson in the fight to end racial discrimination. In her thirst for knowledge, and in her desire to share valuable information with the public, Payne, who would later receive international recognition for her endeavors, was dubbed the "First Lady of the Black Press" by the Washington Press Corps, of which she later became president in 1970.

While covering U.S involvement in the Vietnam War, Payne focused on the plight of the Black soldier and how issues, such as racial segregation and discrimination, remained relevant to life back home. In documenting the conditions of these soldiers, her aim was to "fully concentrate on the Negro effort," and to "paint an adequate picture of why they were in Vietnam." Later however, as a writer for the Chicago Defender, she remarked on her experience in covering the war as a failed attempt at reporting the overall immorality of it.

The daughter of a Pullman porter and a stay at home mother of 6, Payne, who desired to become a civil rights leader but was denied entrance into law school on account of her race, discovered her niche in journalism after being jailed for witnessing and questioning the brutal acts performed by a police officer on an African American man. After threatening to report the brutality to the press, she refused her approval for release, remained in jail and advocated for the liberation of the other detainees.

Her break into journalism came when she began organizing recreation and entertainment for African American troops stationed in Japan. In her diary, Payne transcribed accounts of the failed efforts of the U.S military during the war, which had later been published in the Chicago Defender. Despite the discrimination she encountered from high ranking officials in the U.S government, Payne was offered and accepted a full-time position with the Defender in 1951.

Along with her work as a Vietnam War correspondent, Payne became involved in various endeavors to move her career in journalism. During her time as White House correspondent from 1962-1966, Payne led the fight to end the segregation of interstate travel, immigration quotas, and discrimination in federal housing . Ethel was also the first African American woman to host network news by becoming a political commentator for the CBS aired program "Spectrum" in 1972. Persistently involved in international politics, Payne in 1970 completed a 10-nation tour of Africa with Secretary of State William P. Rogers, and a 6-nation tour with Secretary of State Henry Kissinger six years later. She covered several Democratic National conventions, and witnessed President Lyndon B. Johnson's signing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

Over her lifetime, she has received dozens of awards and honorable mentions for her political involvement and activism for African Americans, and her legacy continues to live on today. In 2002 the United States Postal Service honored Ethel Payne by issuing her a 37-cent stamp, and each year aspiring journalists wishing to gain experience on international reporting in Africa are awarded the Ethel Payne Fellowship.

On May 28, 1991 Ethel Payne died of a heart attack in her home in Washington, D.C. She is survived by close relatives, as she forfeited marriage and children for the sake of her work. She was commemorated as one of the 100 most influential correspondents by the National Association of Black Journalists, and remained, untill her death, a longtime advocate in the struggle to bring about change, and to correct the inequalities and racial injustices in the world.
Related Materials:
This collection contains artifacts catalogued in the ACM Ojects collection.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Rights:
Ethel Payne papers are the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
African American journalists  Search this
Politicians -- United States  Search this
African American women  Search this
Genre/Form:
Awards
Ephemera
Passports
Photographs
Photographic prints
Citation:
Ethel Payne papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Avis R. Johnson.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-011
See more items in:
Ethel Payne papers
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-011

Reception for "Festival at Ford's"

Creator:
Bowman, Dwight  Search this
Subject:
Sadik, Marvin S  Search this
Hope, Bob 1903-2003  Search this
Kissinger, Henry 1923-  Search this
Channing, Carol  Search this
Lowe, Charles  Search this
Wilson, Flip  Search this
Burr, Raymond 1917-1993  Search this
Moore, Melba  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Photographic Services Division  Search this
Ford's Theatre (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
National Broadcasting Company  Search this
Physical description:
35mm;
Type:
Black-and-white negatives
Date:
1971
November 12, 1971
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-009 [71-3360A]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_385425

Henry Kissinger and the American century / Jeremi Suri

Author:
Suri, Jeremi  Search this
Subject:
Kissinger, Henry 1923- Political and social views  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 358 p. : ill ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2007
1969-1974
1974-1977
Topic:
Cold War  Search this
Statesmen  Search this
Foreign relations  Search this
Philosophy  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_842250

A tangled web : the making of foreign policy in the Nixon Presidency / William Bundy

Author:
Bundy, William P. 1917-2000  Search this
Subject:
Nixon, Richard M (Richard Milhous) 1913-1994  Search this
Kissinger, Henry 1923-  Search this
Physical description:
xix, 647 p., [16] p. of plates : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1998
1969-1974
Topic:
Foreign relations  Search this
Call number:
CT275.N73 B96 1998
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_608420

No peace, no honor : Nixon, Kissinger, and betrayal in Vietnam / Larry Berman

Author:
Berman, Larry 1951-  Search this
Subject:
Nixon, Richard M (Richard Milhous) 1913-1994  Search this
Kissinger, Henry 1923-  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 334 p. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2001
1969-1974
Topic:
Vietnam War, 1961-1975  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Call number:
CT275.N73 B47 2001
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_630920

The trial of Henry Kissinger / Christopher Hitchens

Author:
Hitchens, Christopher  Search this
Subject:
Kissinger, Henry 1923-  Search this
Kissinger, Henry 1923- Ethics  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 159 p. ; 20 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2001
20th century
1969-1974
Topic:
Statesmen  Search this
Political crimes and offenses--History  Search this
Foreign relations  Search this
Call number:
CT275.K61 H58 2001
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_630937

Years of renewal / Henry Kissinger

Author:
Kissinger, Henry 1923-  Search this
Subject:
Kissinger, Henry 1923-  Search this
Physical description:
1151 p., [48] p. of plates : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1999
C1999
1969-1974
1974-1977
Topic:
Cabinet officers  Search this
Statesmen  Search this
Foreign relations  Search this
Call number:
CT275.K61 A1y 1999
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_563015

Kissinger : a biography / Walter Isaacson

Author:
Isaacson, Walter  Search this
Subject:
Kissinger, Henry 1923-  Search this
Physical description:
893 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1992
C1992
Topic:
Statesmen  Search this
Historians  Search this
Call number:
CT275.K61 I73 1992
CT275.K61I73 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_438343

Nuclear weapons and foreign policy / by Henry A. Kissinger ; foreword by Gordon Dean

Author:
Kissinger, Henry 1923-  Search this
Physical description:
xx, 463 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1957
1945-1989
1989-
Topic:
World politics  Search this
Nuclear warfare  Search this
Military policy  Search this
Foreign relations  Search this
Call number:
UA23 .K61 1957
UA23.K61 1957
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_205312

Years of upheaval / Henry Kissinger

Author:
Kissinger, Henry 1923-  Search this
Subject:
Kissinger, Henry 1923-  Search this
Physical description:
xxi, 1283 p., [40] p. of plates : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1982
C1982
1969-1974
Topic:
Statesmen  Search this
Foreign relations  Search this
Call number:
E840.8.K58A38X 1982
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_285614

White House years / Henry Kissinger

Author:
Kissinger, Henry 1923-  Search this
Subject:
Nixon, Richard M (Richard Milhous) 1913-1994  Search this
Kissinger, Henry 1923-  Search this
Physical description:
xxiv, 1521 p., [24] leaves of plates : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1979
C1979
1969-1974
Topic:
Statesmen  Search this
Foreign relations  Search this
Call number:
E855 .K57X
CT275.K61 A1
E855.K57X
CT275.K61A1
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_126070

Kissinger: the uses of power

Author:
Landau, David  Search this
Subject:
Kissinger, Henry 1923-  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 270 p. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Vietnam
Date:
1972
1969-
Topic:
Foreign relations  Search this
Call number:
CT275.K61 L2
CT275.K61L2
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_25754

Kissinger, by Marvin Kalb and Bernard Kalb

Author:
Kalb, Marvin L  Search this
Kalb, Bernard, joint author  Search this
Subject:
Kissinger, Henry 1923-  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 577 p. illus. 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1974
[1974]
1969-
Topic:
Foreign relations  Search this
Call number:
CT275.K61 K14
CT275.K61K14
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_44641

Kissinger : the European mind in American policy / Bruce Mazlish

Author:
Mazlish, Bruce 1923-  Search this
Subject:
Kissinger, Henry 1923-  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 330 p., [4] leaves of plates : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1976
C1976
1969-1974
1974-
Topic:
Statesmen  Search this
Foreign relations  Search this
Call number:
CT275.K61 M4
CT275.K61M4
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_80013

Kissinger / Niall Ferguson

Author:
Ferguson, Niall  Search this
Subject:
Kissinger, Henry 1923-  Search this
Physical description:
2 volumes : illustrations ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Biographies
Place:
United States
Date:
2015
1969-1974
Topic:
Statesmen  Search this
Foreign relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1052727

Travels with Henry / Richard Valeriani

Author:
Valeriani, Richard  Search this
Subject:
Kissinger, Henry 1923- Travel  Search this
Valeriani, Richard  Search this
Physical description:
400 p., [4] leaves of plates : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1979
1969-1974
1974-1977
Topic:
Statesmen  Search this
Foreign relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_903511

Kissinger : 1973, the crucial year / Alistair Horne

Author:
Horne, Alistair  Search this
Subject:
Kissinger, Henry 1923-  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 457 p. : ill ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2009
1969-1974
Topic:
Statesmen  Search this
Cabinet officers  Search this
Foreign relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_928080

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