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Oral history interview with Michael Simon

Interviewee:
Simon, Michael, 1947-  Search this
Interviewer:
Shapiro, Mark, 1955-  Search this
Creator:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Names:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Extent:
52 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2005 September 27-28
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Michael Simon conducted 2005 September 27-28, by Mark Shapiro, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, at the artist's home, in Colbert, Georgia.
Simon discusses studying at University of Minnesota with Warren MacKenzie; the counterculture and chaotic atmosphere at the university in the late 1960s; moving to Athens, Georgia, after college to open a studio on Jerry Chappelle's farm; his first pottery sales; obtaining conscientious objector status and working at a hospital in Athens; the influence of Bernard Leach and Shoji Hamada on his work; developing shapes and expanding his repertoire; being inspired by Korean folk potters and by other Asian pottery; teaching at the Penland School of Arts and Crafts and being influenced by fellow potters there; art fairs in Atlanta, Florida, and elsewhere; using various materials for his pots, including Georgia kaolin and grolleg; applying for a fellowship at the University of Georgia, where he completed his Master's of Fine Arts; seeing Mark Pharis's pots in the summer of 1980, which compelled him to build his own salt kiln, which changed subsequent work dramatically; his marriage to Susan Roberts in 1992; experimenting with images on his pots, including fish and bamboo; getting a large commission for dinner plates from the Nakato Restaurant in Atlanta, Georgia, one of the city's oldest sushi restaurants; visiting the Freer Sackler Galleries and being inspired by Chinese Yangshao pottery from the Neolithic period; the influence of Persian jars on his work; the success of his pottery sales with Ron Myers; going to Cortona, Italy, to teach pottery for the University of Georgia; teaching at a school in Santiago, Chile, exploring the countryside, and learning Chilean pottery techniques; the writing of Michael Cardew and its influence on his work and career; what constitutes a typical work day and what motivates him; and the community of American potters and the support he has received over the years. Simon also recalls Angel Lillo, Laurie Samuelson, Gib Krohn, Mark Pharis, Wayne Branum, Sandra Simon (née Lindstrom), Earl McCutcheon, Shoji Hamada, Cynthia Bringle, Ron Myers, Andy Nasisse, Robert Briscoe, Michael Cardew, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Michael Simon (1947- ) is a ceramist from Colbert, Georgia. Mark Shapiro (1955- ) is a ceramist from Worthington, Massachusetts.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 8 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr., 30 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Topic:
Ceramicists -- Georgia -- Interviews  Search this
Ceramics -- Technique  Search this
Ceramics -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Ceramics. -- Economic aspects  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.simon05
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-simon05

Oral history interview with Karen Karnes

Interviewee:
Karnes, Karen, 1925-2016  Search this
Interviewer:
Shapiro, Mark, 1955-  Search this
Creator:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Names:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Extent:
65 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2005 August 9-10
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Karen Karnes conducted 2005 Augest 9-10, by Mark Shapiro, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, at the artist's home and studio, in Morgan, Vermont.
Karnes discusses her childhood in Brooklyn and the Bronx as the daughter of Russian and Polish immigrants working in the garment industry; living in a cooperative housing project built especially for garment workers and their families; attending the High School of Music and Art, New York City; going on to Brooklyn College, and fortuitously landing in the class of Serge Chermayoff, who taught primarily in the Bauhaus style; meeting her first husband, David Weinrib, with whom she eventually moved to Pennsylvania; David bringing home a slab of clay for her to work with, her first experience with the material; traveling to Italy and working in a ceramics factory there; attending a summer session at Black Mountain College in North Carolina and taking a class with Josef Albers; moving to Stony Point, in Rockland County, New York, to start Gatehill Community; her first gallery relationship, with Bonniers, New York City; the birth of her son Abel in 1956; the first time she used a salt kiln, while at the Penland School of Arts and Crafts, Penland, North Carolina, in 1967, and its effect on the character of her work; her relationship with the Hadler-Rodriguez Galleries, New York City; the pottery show in Demarest, New Jersey; her teaching philosophy and methods, including the "Continuum"; meeting her life partner, Ann Stannard, in 1970; Ann's home in Wales, and living there before settling in Vermont; the fire that destroyed their home and studio in 1998; the issues of privacy and isolation in an artist's life; her expectations about her career, especially as a Jewish woman; and her feelings on the work of contemporary potters.
Karnes also recalls John Cage, Soetsu Yanagi, Bernard Leach, Shoji Hamada, Charles Olsen, Marguerite Wildenhain, Paul and Vera B. Williams, Mary Caroline Richards, Goren Holmquist, Paul J. Smith, Mikhail Zakin, Jack Lenor Larsen, Isamu Noguchi, D. Hayne Bayless, Zeb Schactel, Warren Mackenzie, Garth Clark, Joy Brown, Robbie Lobell, Paulus Berensohn, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Karen Karnes (1925- ) is a potter from Morgan, Vermont. Mark Shapiro is a potter from Worthington, Massachusetts.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 6 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hr., 35 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Topic:
Ceramicists -- Vermont -- Interviews  Search this
Ceramics -- Technique  Search this
Jewish artists  Search this
Women artists -- Vermont -- Interviews  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.karnes05
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-karnes05

Lasallia papulosa (Ach.) Liano

Biogeographical Region:
75 - Northeastern U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
Maxwell S. Doty  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
On large granitic rock  Search this
Place:
Brick Kiln road, 1 mi. from East end., Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States, North America
Collection Date:
9 Aug 1948
Taxonomy:
Fungi Ascomycota Lecanoromycetes Umbilicariales Umbilicariaceae
Published Name:
Lasallia papulosa (Ach.) Liano
Barcode:
02488644
See more items in:
Botany
Bryophytes and Lichens
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3e11c04b8-7525-4f2a-acc1-4dded69f4bab
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_13286884

Oral history interview with Michael Simon, 2005 September 27-28

Interviewee:
Simon, Michael, 1947-  Search this
Interviewer:
Shapiro, Mark, 1955-  Search this
Subject:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Ceramicists -- Georgia -- Interviews  Search this
Ceramics -- Technique  Search this
Ceramics -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Ceramics. -- Economic aspects  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11797
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)255546
AAA_collcode_simon05
Theme:
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_255546
Online Media:

C. Malcolm Watkins Papers

Creator::
Watkins, C. Malcolm  Search this
Extent:
12.59 cu. ft. (23 document boxes) (1 half document box) (1 16x20 box) (1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Illustrations
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1935-1979 and undated
Descriptive Entry:
The papers of C. Malcolm Watkins provide comprehensive documentation of his professional career from 1934 to 1980. The collection documents his interest in early American culture; his research on ceramics, historic archeology, and early California history; his curatorial and administrative activities in the Department of Anthropology, USNM, and the Departments of Civil and Cultural History, NMHT; exhibits planning; and his role in professional societies

Series 1 consists of correspondence written and received by Watkins between 1941 and 1978. This large correspondence file documents his career at the Smithsonian, particularly his interest in American material culture, especially ceramics, glass, and artificial lighting; historic archeology; teaching; and his role in professional societies. Correspondence also documents exhibitions; restoration and identification of historic material; acquisitions; and museum administration. Correspondence files include magazine and newspaper articles, booklets, photographs, graphic illustrations, and brochures.

Series 2 contains subject files, 1949-1979, documenting his research, exhibits planning, and professional society activities including his role in founding the Society for Historical Archeology. These research files and those found in Series 5, 6, 7, and 8 document Watkins' work on early American culture, including the Marlborough and Jamestown, Virginia, excavations; California early history and California Kitchen projects; North Devon pottery; Yorktown pottery; decorative arts; and American imports. Research files include notes, correspondence, graphic illustrations, articles, photographs, site drawings, seminar and conference literature, and exhibit scripts.

Series 2 also contains information compiled by Watkins on historic sites, institutions dedicated to historic preservation and historic archeology, museums, and museum practices. Museology files in Series 3 contain correspondence, brochures and pamphlets, newsclippings, and articles, reports, procedures manuals, proposals, and lecture notes.

Throughout his years at the USNM and NMHT, Watkins amassed a variety of material on the Smithsonian. The files in Series 4 document administrative policies; acquisitions; ideas for departmental reorganization and future planning; Smithsonian Council meetings; the Smithson Bicentennial; exhibits including "Everyday Life in the American Past," "Artificial Lighting in America," and "A Nation of Nations"; symposia and seminars; Watkins' sabbatical; and general information on travel, teaching, and the Smithsonian Research Foundation. Smithsonian files include memoranda, copies of reports, correspondence, notes, scripts, proposals, newsclippings, name and address lists, and articles. Series 9 documents his work on the "A Nation of Nations" exhibit.

The collection also includes a Series (10) on historical archeology mainly comprising the files of Marilyn Sara Cohen, a museum specialist working on the Historical Archeology Project in the Division of Cultural History. It contains conference information, an interview with Watkins, correspondence, research notes, memoranda, and reports.
Historical Note:
C. Malcolm Watkins (1911- ) was born in Malden, Massachusetts, and developed an interest in early American material culture at a young age through the work of his parents and grandfather. His mother, Lura Woodside Watkins, collected glass and pottery and published Cambridge Glass, 1818-1888 on the history of the New England Glass Company. She later donated her extensive collection of kiln site pottery to the Smithsonian. Watkins' father, Charles H. Watkins, was interested in pottery as well. He participated in the excavation of a site at Newburyport, Massachusetts, and collected potsherds. In addition, the inheritance of his grandfather's collection of lighting devices served as an impetus for Watkins' research in artificial lighting techniques.

Watkins received his B.S. from Harvard College in 1934 and began his museum career as curator for the Wells Historical Museum (Southbridge, Massachusetts), the predecessor of Old Sturbridge village (Sturbridge, Massachusetts). Watkins was its first curator, working there from 1936 to 1948, except for a leave of absence from 1942-1946 to serve in the United States Air Force during World War II. In 1949, he began his career at the Smithsonian as an associate curator in the Division of Ethnology, Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum (USNM). Watkins was responsible for the collections of American technology and decorative arts. When a separate Museum of History and Technology was created in 1958, Watkins assumed responsibility for the new Division of Cultural History in the Department of Civil History, as curator (1958, 1960-1966) and supervisor and curator (1967-1968). In this position, Watkins developed the national collections of American material culture, especially ceramics and glass. He also built the staff of the Division and in 1969 achieved departmental status for Cultural History. He was appointed its first chairman, in addition to his duties as curator of Pre-Industrial History and Ethnic and Western History. In 1973, he became senior curator of the Department of Cultural History, the position he held until his retirement in 1980. He continued research as curator emeritus until 1984.

Watkins' wife, Joan Pearson Watkins, collaborated with him. From 1964 to 1977, she held the position of honorary curator, and from 1978 to 1979 she was an honorary research associate. In 1980, she became a collaborator in the Division of Ceramics and Glass, a position she held until 1983.

During his career at the Smithsonian, Watkins worked on numerous exhibits. In 1955, he prepared an exhibition on "Folk Pottery of Early New England," which contained the redware and stoneware from his mother's collection. The first large exhibition hall devoted to the history of everyday life in colonial and federal America was developed by Watkins and opened in 1957 as part of the Exhibits Modernization Program. In 1964, a revised version of the hall opened in the new History and Technology Building as the "Hall of Everyday Life in the American Past." Watkins was also involved in the construction of the "Growth of the United States" exhibit in the new museum, which represented the material culture of the developing nation. The California Kitchen, found by Watkins and Pearson Watkins, was added to the exhibits in the History and Technology Building in 1965. In celebration of the Bicentennial of the American Revolution, Watkins contributed to the colonial section of the exhibition, "A Nation of Nations," which opened in 1976.

In addition to working on exhibits, Watkins spent much of his time acquiring and developing collections. His most important acquisition was the Arthur and Edna Greenwood Collection of some 2,000 objects of Americana documenting everyday life in colonial America. Other major acquisitions during his tenure included the Remensnyder Collection of American Stoneware and the Morgenstern Collection of early American material culture.

In addition to his curatorial duties, Watkins devoted much of his time to lecturing and writing scholarly and popular articles. His major publications include The Cultural History of Marlborough, Virginia, North Devon Pottery and its Export to America in the 17th Century, and The "Poor Potter" of Yorktown, which he wrote with Ivor Noel Hume.

Watkins was a pioneer in the field of historic archeology. He began his excavations of a colonial plantation at Marlborough, Virginia, with Frank M. Setzler in 1953 and continued through 1969. Watkins also began excavations at the Jamestown, Virginia, site in 1955. In addition, he wrote and lectured extensively on historic archeology, served as a consultant to numerous historic archeology projects, and was an active member of the Society for Historic Archeology, which he helped found.

In 1960, Watkins began his research on North Devon pottery imported to the United States in the 17th century, which led to a monograph on that topic. In 1965, he and Pearson Watkins collaborated on an oral history project in Moore County, North Carolina, researching folk pottery traditions. In addition to Watkins' interest in ceramics, he also spent considerable time researching early California history. Publications on this topic include James Johnston's White House in Half Moon Bay: An Example of Early Anglo-American Reminiscent Architecture in California and New England in El Dorado: The Letters and Narrative Accounts of Robert and Caroline Batchelder Thompson, California Pioneers.

Watkins was active in numerous associations and societies including the Early American Industries Association, the Society of Architectural Historians, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, the Western History Association, the California Historical Society, and the American Association of Museums. During the 1960s, Watkins also taught for the American Studies Program at George Washington University.

For additional information on Watkins, see Record Unit 331, Department of Cultural History, 1954-1979, and undated, Records, and the C. Malcolm Watkins Interviews in the Smithsonian Archives.
Chronology:
1911 -- Born in Malden, Massachusetts

1934 -- Bachelor of Science, Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts

1934-1935 -- Self employed as a free-lance writer on antiques

1936 -- Studied Fine Arts at Harvard University

1936-1948 -- Curator, Wells Historical Museum, Southbridge, Massachusetts

1942-1946 -- United States Air Force, World War II

1948 -- Consultant in Furnishing, Dana Palmer House, Harvard University

1949-1957 -- Associate Curator, Division of Ethnology, Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum

1951 -- Negotiated donation of the Arthur and Edna Greenwood collection of colonial American material culture

1952 -- Published "Artificial Lighting in America: 1830-1860" in the Smithsonian Annual Report for 1951

1953-1969 -- Conducted excavations of a colonial plantation at Marlborough, Virginia

1955 -- Organized exhibition on "Folk Pottery of Early New England"

1958-1969 -- Curator, Division of Cultural History, Department of Civil History, National Museum of History and Technology (NMHT)

1960 -- Published North Devon Pottery and its Export to America in the 17th century

1964-1977 -- Joan Jockwig Pearson appointed Honorary Curator, Department of Civil History, NMHT

1964 -- Opening of the National Museum of History and Technology

-- Installation of "Hall of Everyday Life in the American Past"

1965 -- Married Joan Jockwig Pearson ; With Joan Pearson Watkins, located California Kitchen for exhibition in NMHT

1966-1967 -- Sabbatical

1967 -- Published with Ivor Noel Hume, The "Poor Potter" of Yorktown

1967-1968 -- Supervisor and curator, Division of Cultural History, Department of Civil History, NMHT

1968 -- Published The Cultural History of Marlborough, Virginia

1969-1972 -- Curator, Pre-Industrial and Ethnic and Western History, and chairman, Department of Cultural History, NMHT

1969 -- Began historic archeology excavations at Alexandria, Virginia

1972 -- Published James Johnston's White House in Half Moon Bay: An Example of Early Anglo-American Reminiscent Architecture in California

1973-1979 -- Senior Curator, Department of Cultural History, NMHT

1976 -- Opening of "A Nation of Nations" exhibition

1978-1979 -- Joan Pearson Watkins appointed research associate, Department of Cultural History, NMHT

1980-1983 -- Joan Pearson Watkins appointed collaborator, Department of Cultural History, NMHT

1980-1984 -- Retired and appointed curator emeritus, Department of Cultural History, NMHT

1981 -- National Museum of History and Technology renamed National Museum of American History
Oversize:
This collection contains oversize material.
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Civilization -- History  Search this
Museum techniques  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Illustrations
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7322, C. Malcolm Watkins Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7322
See more items in:
C. Malcolm Watkins Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7322

Oral history interview with Karen Karnes, 2005 August 9-10

Interviewee:
Karnes, Karen, 1925-2016  Search this
Interviewer:
Shapiro, Mark, 1955-  Search this
Subject:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Ceramicists -- Vermont -- Interviews  Search this
Ceramics -- Technique  Search this
Jewish artists  Search this
Women artists -- Vermont -- Interviews  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12096
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)255518
AAA_collcode_karnes05
Theme:
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_255518
Online Media:

furniture, kiln

Maker:
Crafts, Thomas  Search this
Physical Description:
ceramic, stoneware, coarse (tiles, setting (5) material)
Measurements:
overall, maximum: 1 1/16 in x 7 3/4 in x 1 5/8 in; 2.69875 cm x 19.685 cm x 4.1275 cm
overall, minimum: 7/16 in x 2 9/16 in; 1.11125 cm x 6.50875 cm
Object Name:
furniture, kiln
Other Terms:
Kiln Furniture; Manufacturing
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts, Whately
Date made:
circa 1833- 1861
Credit Line:
Mrs. Charles H. Watkins
ID Number:
CE.391544
Catalog number:
391544
Accession number:
191198
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Historical Archaeology Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a4-2172-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_596420
Online Media:

Marlis Schratter papers, 1956-1983

Creator:
Schratter, Marlis, 1919-  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Glazes -- Formulae  Search this
Kilns -- Massachusetts  Search this
Pottery -- 20th century -- New England  Search this
Pottery, American -- New England  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9105
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211299
AAA_collcode_schrmarl
Theme:
Women
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211299

Minutes

Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Board of Regents  Search this
Extent:
8.70 cu. ft. (9 document boxes) (7 12x17 boxes) (1 16x20 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1846-1995
Descriptive Entry:
These records are the official minutes of the Board. They are compiled at the direction of the Secretary of the Smithsonian, who is also secretary to the Board, after approval by the Regents' Executive Committee and by the Regents themselves. The minutes are edited, not a verbatim account of proceedings. For reasons unknown, there are no manuscript minutes for the period from 1857 through 1890; and researchers must rely on printed minutes published in the Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution instead. Minutes are transferred regularly from the Secretary's Office to the Archives. Minutes less than 15 years old are closed to researchers. Indexes exist for the period from 1907 to 1946 and can be useful.
Historical Note:
The Smithsonian Institution was created by authority of an Act of Congress approved August 10, 1846. The Act entrusted direction of the Smithsonian to a body called the Establishment, composed of the President; the Vice President; the Chief Justice of the United States; the secretaries of State, War, Navy, Interior, and Agriculture; the Attorney General; and the Postmaster General. In fact, however, the Establishment last met in 1877, and control of the Smithsonian has always been exercised by its Board of Regents. The membership of the Regents consists of the Vice President and the Chief Justice of the United States; three members each of the Senate and House of Representatives; two citizens of the District of Columbia; and seven citizens of the several states, no two from the same state. (Prior to 1970 the category of Citizen Regents not residents of Washington consisted of four members). By custom the Chief Justice is Chancellor. The office was at first held by the Vice President. However, when Millard Fillmore succeeded to the presidency on the death of Zachary Taylor in 1851, Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney was chosen in his stead. The office has always been filled by the Chief Justice since that time.

The Regents of the Smithsonian have included distinguished Americans from many walks of life. Ex officio members (Vice President) have been: Spiro T. Agnew, Chester A. Arthur, Allen W. Barkley, John C. Breckenridge, George Bush, Schuyler Colfax, Calvin Coolidge, Charles Curtis, George M. Dallas, Charles G. Dawes, Charles W. Fairbanks, Millard Fillmore, Gerald R. Ford, John N. Garner, Hannibal Hamlin, Thomas A. Hendricks, Garret A. Hobart, Hubert H. Humphrey, Andrew Johnson, Lyndon B. Johnson, William R. King, Thomas R. Marshall, Walter F. Mondale, Levi P. Morton, Richard M. Nixon, Nelson A. Rockefeller, Theodore Roosevelt, James S. Sherman, Adlai E. Stevenson, Harry S. Truman, Henry A. Wallace, William A. Wheeler, Henry Wilson.

Ex officio members (Chief Justice) have been: Roger B. Taney, Salmon P. Chase, Nathan Clifford, Morrison R. Waite, Samuel F. Miller, Melville W. Fuller, Edward D. White, William Howard Taft, Charles Evans Hughes, Harlan F. Stone, Fred M. Vinson, Earl Warren, Warren E. Burger.

Regents on the part of the Senate have been: Clinton P. Anderson, Newton Booth, Sidney Breese, Lewis Cass, Robert Milledge Charlton, Bennet Champ Clark, Francis M. Cockrell, Shelby Moore Cullom, Garrett Davis, Jefferson Davis, George Franklin Edmunds, George Evans, Edwin J. Garn, Walter F. George, Barry Goldwater, George Gray, Hannibal Hamlin, Nathaniel Peter Hill, George Frisbie Hoar, Henry French Hollis, Henry M. Jackson, William Lindsay, Henry Cabot Lodge, Medill McCormick, James Murray Mason, Samuel Bell Maxey, Robert B. Morgan, Frank E. Moss, Claiborne Pell, George Wharton Pepper, David A. Reed, Leverett Saltonstall, Hugh Scott, Alexander H. Smith, Robert A. Taft, Lyman Trumbull, Wallace H. White, Jr., Robert Enoch Withers.

Regents on the part of the House of Representatives have included: Edward P. Boland, Frank T. Bow, William Campbell Breckenridge, Overton Brooks, Benjamin Butterworth, Clarence Cannon, Lucius Cartrell, Hiester Clymer, William Colcock, William P. Cole, Jr., Maurice Connolly, Silvio O. Conte, Edward E. Cox, Edward H. Crump, John Dalzell, Nathaniel Deering, Hugh A. Dinsmore, William English, John Farnsworth, Scott Ferris, Graham Fitch, James Garfield, Charles L. Gifford, T. Alan Goldsborough, Frank L. Greene, Gerry Hazleton, Benjamin Hill, Henry Hilliard, Ebenezer Hoar, William Hough, William M. Howard, Albert Johnson, Leroy Johnson, Joseph Johnston, Michael Kirwan, James T. Lloyd, Robert Luce, Robert McClelland, Samuel K. McConnell, Jr., George H. Mahon, George McCrary, Edward McPherson, James R. Mann, George Perkins Marsh, Norman Y. Mineta, A. J. Monteague, R. Walton Moore, Walter H. Newton, Robert Dale Owen, James Patterson, William Phelps, Luke Poland, John Van Schaick Lansing Pruyn, B. Carroll Reece, Ernest W. Roberts, Otho Robards Singleton, Frank Thompson, Jr., John M. Vorys, Hiram Warner, Joseph Wheeler.

Citizen Regents have been: David C. Acheson, Louis Agassiz, James B. Angell, Anne L. Armstrong, William Backhouse Astor, J. Paul Austin, Alexander Dallas Bache, George Edmund Badger, George Bancroft, Alexander Graham Bell, James Gabriel Berrett, John McPherson Berrien, Robert W. Bingham, Sayles Jenks Bowen, William G. Bowen, Robert S. Brookings, John Nicholas Brown, William A. M. Burden, Vannevar Bush, Charles F. Choate, Jr., Rufus Choate, Arthur H. Compton, Henry David Cooke, Henry Coppee, Samuel Sullivan Cox, Edward H. Crump, James Dwight Dana, Harvey N. Davis, William Lewis Dayton, Everette Lee Degolyer, Richard Delafield, Frederic A. Delano, Charles Devens, Matthew Gault Emery, Cornelius Conway Felton, Robert V. Fleming, Murray Gell-Mann, Robert F. Goheen, Asa Gray, George Gray, Crawford Hallock Greenwalt, Nancy Hanks, Caryl Parker Haskins, Gideon Hawley, John B. Henderson, John B. Henderson, Jr., A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., Gardner Greene Hubbard, Charles Evans Hughes, Carlisle H. Humelsine, Jerome C. Hunsaker, William Preston Johnston, Irwin B. Laughlin, Walter Lenox, Augustus P. Loring, John Maclean, William Beans Magruder, John Walker Maury, Montgomery Cunningham Meigs, John C. Merriam, R. Walton Moore, Roland S. Morris, Dwight W. Morrow, Richard Olney, Peter Parker, Noah Porter, William Campbell Preston, Owen Josephus Roberts, Richard Rush, William Winston Seaton, Alexander Roby Shepherd, William Tecumseh Sherman, Otho Robards Singleton, Joseph Gilbert Totten, John Thomas Towers, Frederic C. Walcott, Richard Wallach, Thomas J. Watson, Jr., James E. Webb, James Clarke Welling, Andrew Dickson White, Henry White, Theodore Dwight Woolsey.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Museum trustees  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 1, Smithsonian Institution. Board of Regents, Minutes
Identifier:
Record Unit 1
See more items in:
Minutes
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0001
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Online Media:

Marlis Schratter papers

Creator:
Schratter, Marlis, 1919-  Search this
Extent:
1.6 Linear feet ((partially microfilmed on 3 reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Date:
1956-1983
Scope and Contents:
Letters, technical notes, business records, scrapbook, printed material, photographs, a motion picture film, and fired clay samples document Schratter's ceramic techniques and her artistic and teaching activities.
REEL 970: Notes concern marketing and methods of attracting customers, record sales and customer reactions, and list supply purchases and prices for her work (1960-1975). The collection also contains 6 letters from Schratter's colleagues (1971-1973), a clipping, and a blueprint for a kiln.
REELS 982-983: Thirty-nine letters to Schratter from colleagues concern her exhibitions and her work (1957-1975). One notebook contains technical information concerning topics related to ceramics (1956- 1974). A second notebook concerning the construction of a gas kiln contains 16 letters, a receipt, and kiln log sheets. Seven letters and miscellaneous notebook pages concern glazes, slab construction, and related topics (1956- 1974). Eight pages from a kiln log contain notes and 5 firing charts recording the kiln's performance. A scrapbook contains clippings, exhibition announcements, and catalogs (1956-1975). Photographs show Schratter's work (1967-1974). The collection also contains 2 resumes and 2 artist's statements.
UNFILMED: Six letters to Schratter from colleagues concern her exhibitions and work (1974-1983). A card file contains glaze and slip recipes. Three notebooks contain technical notes on clay bodies, chemicals, recipes, glazes and teaching (1956-1975), and gas kilns (1965-1975). Nineteen course evaluation sheets are from Schratter's class at the DeCordova Museum (1974- 1975). Printed material consists of a clipping (1972) and an announcement and catalog for the exhibition "The Potter's Wheel" at the DeCordova Museum (1976). Photographs and slides show Schratter and her work. An 8mm motion picture "Pots" by Richard Morehouse shows Schratter teaching a class (1968). Thirty- two fired clay test samples are annotated with formulas.
Biographical / Historical:
Ceramist and art instructor; Massachusetts. Born in Germany, Marlis Schratter came to the United States in 1940. In 1954, she began her training as a ceramist at the Baltimore Museum of Art, continuing her studies at the Boston Museum School and the Haystack Mountain School of Crafts in Maine. In addition to participating in many exhibitions, Schratter has been on the art faculty of the DeCordova Museum, Lincoln, Massachusetts.
Provenance:
All unfilmed materials and the following microfilmed items are gifts: 9 letters (reel 982: frames 1042, 1046, 1053, 1058, 1062, 1065, 1066, 1067, and 1087), technical correspondence and notes (reel 982: frames 1092-1200), kiln log (reel 982: frames 1266-1278), and the majority of photographs of works (reel 983: frames 230-373). All other materials were loaned by Marlis Schratter.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Ceramicists -- Massachusetts  Search this
Art teachers -- Massachusetts  Search this
Topic:
Glazes -- Formulae  Search this
Kilns -- Massachusetts  Search this
Pottery -- 20th century -- New England  Search this
Pottery, American -- New England  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.schrmarl
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-schrmarl

Marblehead Pottery vase

Physical Description:
monochrome, gray (overall surface decoration color name)
ceramic (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 12 5/8 in x 5 7/8 in; 32.0675 cm x 14.9225 cm
Object Name:
Vase
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts, Marblehead
Credit Line:
Page Kirk
ID Number:
CE.393675
Catalog number:
393675
Accession number:
208838
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Ceramics and Glass
Domestic Furnishings
Art
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a3-dc0e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_575763
Online Media:

pot, kiln

Maker:
Kettle, James  Search this
Physical Description:
ceramic (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 7/8 in x 6 1/16 in x 5 15/16 in; 9.8425 cm x 15.39875 cm x 15.08125 cm
Object Name:
pot, kiln
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts, Danvers
Date made:
circa 1687- 1709
Credit Line:
Mrs. Lura Woodside Watkins
ID Number:
CE.391268A
Catalog number:
391268A
Accession number:
191198
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Ceramics and Glass
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a3-de5b-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_575795
Online Media:

pot, kiln

Maker:
Kettle, James  Search this
Physical Description:
ceramic (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 4 1/2 in x 5 7/16 in x 5 1/8 in; 11.43 cm x 13.81125 cm x 13.0175 cm
Object Name:
pot, kiln
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts, Danvers
Date made:
circa 1687- 1709
Credit Line:
Mrs. Lura Woodside Watkins
ID Number:
CE.391268B
Catalog number:
391268B
Accession number:
191198
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Ceramics and Glass
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a3-de5c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_575796
Online Media:

Slip decorated redware pan

Maker:
Daniel Bayley Pottery  Search this
Physical Description:
monochrome, yellow (overall surface decoration color name)
ceramic, earthenware, coarse (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 13 1/2 in; x 34.29 cm
overall: 2 5/8 in x 13 1/2 in; 6.6675 cm x 34.29 cm
Object Name:
Platter
pan
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts, Newburyport
Date made:
1764-1799
circa 1764-1799
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. Lura Woodside Watkins
ID Number:
CE.391361
Catalog number:
391361
Accession number:
191198
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Ceramics and Glass
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a3-f1be-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_580042

fragments, kiln stilt

Maker:
Bradford, Stephen  Search this
Physical Description:
ceramic (fragments material)
Measurements:
overall, maximum: 3/8 in x 3 3/8 in x 1 1/2 in; .9525 cm x 8.5725 cm x 3.81 cm
overall, minimum: 7/16 in x 1 7/8 in x 1 1/8 in; 1.11125 cm x 4.7625 cm x 2.8575 cm
Object Name:
fragments, kiln stilt
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts, Kingston
Date made:
circa 1837- 1851
Credit Line:
Mrs. Charles H. Watkins
ID Number:
CE.391471
Catalog number:
391471
Accession number:
191198
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Historical Archaeology Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a4-1ffd-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_589962

fragments, kiln furniture

Maker:
Benner, John Henry  Search this
Physical Description:
ceramic (fragments material)
Measurements:
overall, maximum: 5/8 in x 3 in x 2 5/16 in; 1.5875 cm x 7.62 cm x 5.87375 cm
overall, minimum: 9/16 in x 3 3/16 in x 1 1/2 in; 1.42875 cm x 8.09625 cm x 3.81 cm
Object Name:
fragments, kiln furniture
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts, Abington
Date made:
circa 1765- 1796
Credit Line:
Mrs. Charles H. Watkins
ID Number:
CE.391426
Catalog number:
391426
Accession number:
191198
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Historical Archaeology Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a4-20be-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_589981

fragment, stilt kiln

Maker:
Benner, John Henry  Search this
Physical Description:
ceramic (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3/8 in x 1 11/16 in x 7/8 in; .9525 cm x 4.28625 cm x 2.2225 cm
Object Name:
fragment, stilt kiln
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts, Abington
Date made:
circa 1765-1796
Credit Line:
Mrs. Charles H. Watkins
ID Number:
CE.391427
Catalog number:
391427
Accession number:
191198
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Historical Archaeology Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-de4e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_589988

fragment, kiln stilt

Maker:
Daniel Bayley Pottery  Search this
Physical Description:
ceramic (fragments material)
Measurements:
overall: 7/16 in x 2 1/4 in x 2 in; 1.11125 cm x 5.715 cm x 5.08 cm
Object Name:
fragment, kiln stilt
Object Type:
fragments
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts, Gloucester
Date made:
circe 1749- 1753
Credit Line:
Mrs. Charles H. Watkins
ID Number:
CE.391290
Catalog number:
391290
Accession number:
191198
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Historical Archaeology Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-dce3-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_590046

furniture, kiln

Maker:
Willard & Son  Search this
Physical Description:
ceramic (plugs (3) material)
Measurements:
overall, maximum: 8 1/4 in x 3 in; 20.955 cm x 7.62 cm
overall, minimum: 1 1/2 in x 2 3/16 in; 3.81 cm x 5.55625 cm
Object Name:
furniture, kiln
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts
Date made:
circa 1880- 1890
Credit Line:
Mrs. Charles H. Watkins
ID Number:
CE.391568
Catalog number:
391568
Accession number:
191198
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Historical Archaeology Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a4-0b5c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_590058

fragment, kiln brick

Maker:
Daniel Bayley Pottery  Search this
Physical Description:
brick (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 2 1/2 in x 5 3/4 in x 4 1/2 in; 6.35 cm x 14.605 cm x 11.43 cm
Object Name:
fragment, kiln brick
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts, Gloucester
Date made:
circa 1749- 1753
Credit Line:
Mrs. Charles H. Watkins
ID Number:
CE.391288
Catalog number:
391288
Accession number:
191198
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Historical Archaeology Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-dce2-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_590066

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