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Man's leggings

Culture/People:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Previous owner:
A ku'c ku'k, Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Hope M. Fulbright, Non-Indian, 1876-1949  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Man's leggings
Media/Materials:
Cotton canvas, wool yarn
Techniques:
Twisted, tasseled, fringed
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Native Term:
pi ca gun ma te ta 'hun
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/4656
Barcode:
024656.000
See related items:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6cc612c2c-60e5-4636-a9af-8836d8a6ca23
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_26346
Online Media:

Woman's robe

Culture/People:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Previous owner:
Mai-na-'kw', Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Hope M. Fulbright, Non-Indian, 1876-1949  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Woman's robe
Media/Materials:
Wool cloth, silk ribbon, thread
Techniques:
Ribbonwork appliqué
Dimensions:
146 x 162 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Outerwear (flat)
Native Term:
ma ni to wa ku'n
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/4683
Barcode:
024683.000
See related items:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]
Clothing/Garments: Outerwear (flat)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws61bf07e8d-b781-4a96-a4f5-6b86e70f2713
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_26373
Online Media:

Firestarting set

Culture/People:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Previous owner:
Akosi (A' Ko Si'/A-ko-si), Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Collector:
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Firestarting set
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Overlay beadwork
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Native Term:
me ko ta" ka" gun
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/5303
Barcode:
025303.000
See related items:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c1e78455-b0e5-48d9-9d51-f42da93ff8a6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_26519
Online Media:

Baby's moccasins

Culture/People:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Previous owner:
H-a-no-sa-a-kw', Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Hope M. Fulbright, Non-Indian, 1876-1949  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Baby's moccasins
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Overlay beadwork
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/4972
Barcode:
024972.000
See related items:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6baa9abea-491c-451e-866c-32c0608d8d34
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_26590
Online Media:

Saddle frame

Culture/People:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Previous owner:
Wa Ka Ta No Kwe (Wa-ka-ta-no-kwe/Wa-ka-to-no-kwe), Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Hope M. Fulbright, Non-Indian, 1876-1949  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Saddle frame
Media/Materials:
Hide
Techniques:
Stitched
Object Type:
Animal Tack and Animal Husbandry
Native Term:
no mi a gun
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/5051
Barcode:
025051.000
See related items:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]
Animal Tack and Animal Husbandry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6fee6bb17-c7e6-4ffa-b77a-7520ce54630b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_26675
Online Media:

Shoulder bag/Bandolier bag

Culture/People:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Previous owner:
Thai thi' pw', Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Leo Walker, Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Shoulder bag/Bandolier bag
Media/Materials:
Wool cloth, glass bead/beads, wool yarn, thread
Techniques:
Sewn, loom beadwork, braided
Object Type:
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Native Term:
mus ki' mu ta"
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/6429
Barcode:
026429.000
See related items:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6db6b4f49-8392-47c9-a8fc-4e57bd2167ef
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_28064
Online Media:

Mark Raymond Harrington photograph collection

Creator:
Harrington, M. R. (Mark Raymond), 1882-1971  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Donor:
Harrington, Marie Walsh  Search this
Extent:
2133 Negatives (photographic)
3 Lantern slides
174 Photographic prints (black & white)
Culture:
Mesoamerica  Search this
Southwest  Search this
Island Caribbean  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Achomawi (Pit River)  Search this
Alibamu  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Catawba  Search this
Chitimacha  Search this
Coushatta (Koasati)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Maidu  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Miami  Search this
Mohegan  Search this
Nanticoke  Search this
Narragansett  Search this
Niantic  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Osage  Search this
Northern Paiute (Paviotso)  Search this
Pomo  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Tolowa  Search this
Bribri  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Kikapu (Mexican Kickapoo)  Search this
Mattaponi  Search this
Mississippi Choctaw  Search this
Oklahoma Delaware  Search this
Oklahoma Shawnee  Search this
Oneida  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Pamunkey  Search this
Peoria  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Shinnecock  Search this
Sisitonwan Dakota (Sisseton Sioux)  Search this
Wyandot  Search this
Yara Taíno  Search this
Absentee Shawnee [Shawnee, Oklahoma-Pottawatomie County]  Search this
Cayuga [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Mississauga (Missisauga)  Search this
Munsee Delaware  Search this
Wyandotte [Oklahoma]  Search this
Gay Head Wampanoag  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Lantern slides
Photographic prints
Negatives
Place:
Cuba
Texas
Arkansas
Louisiana
Northeastern States
Missouri
California
New Mexico
Tennessee
New York
Florida
Southern States
Nevada
Mexico
Great Basin
Southwestern States
Arizona
Canada
Ecuador
Date:
1899-1947
Summary:
Includes photographs of individual tribal members, artifacts; and the following archeological sites: Hawikku (Hawikuh), Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico; Mill Creek, Tehama County, California; Coachilla Valley, California; Sandal Cave, New Mexico; Eagle Canyon, Texas; Thea Heye Cave, Pyramid Lake, Nevada; Crown Peak, Chisos Mountains, Texas; Pueblo Grande, Nevada; Salt Caves, St. Thomas, Nevada; Chuckawalla Cave, Nevada; Lovelock Cave, Pershing County, Nevada; other sites in Nevada; cacti in Brewster County, Texas and California; archaeological sites in Arkansas, Florida, Missouri, New York, and Tennessee Collection also includes a variety of scenic shots in different states; shots of persons, identified and unidentified; personal photographs of Harrington, his son, and one of his wives (ELH); and photographs taken during his expeditions to Cuba and Ecuador. Includes photographs of the Alibamu, Apache, Catawba, Cherokee, Chitimacha, Choctaw, Chumash, Comanche, Delaware, Iowa, Iroquois, Kaw, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Klamath, Koasati, Maidu, Mattaponi, Mohegan, Nanticoke, Narragansett, Navajo, Niantic (Nyantic),Ojibwa (Chippewa), Osage, Paiute, Pamunkey, Peoria, Pit River, Potawatomi, Quapaw, Sac and Fox (Sauk and Fox), Seminole, Shawnee, Tolowa, Tulare, Wampanoag, Wichita, Wyandot, Yara, and Zuni tribes.
Arrangement note:
Collection arranged by format and item number.
Biographical/Historical note:
Mark Raymond Harrington was born on the campus of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor on July 6, 1882. He received his BS in 1907 and his MA in 1908 from Columbia University, where he studied under Franz Boas. He met George Heye while working at Covert's Indian store in New York in 1908 and Heye hired him shortly thereafter. Harrington spent from 1908-1911 visiting and collecting from tribes in the east and Midwest for Heye. From 1911-1915 Harrington was assistant curator at the University of Pennsylvania Museum. From 1916-1917 he conducted archeological surveys in Cuba and Arkansas, after which he spent a short time in the U.S. Army during the First World War. After his return in 1919 he started a series of archeological surveys in Tennessee, Arkansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Nevada, and Texas. Harrington worked for George G. Heye as an archaeologist, ethnologist, field collector, and curator, primarily along the eastern seaboard, in the south, Midwest, west, Cuba and Ecuador, from 1908 to 1928. He then joined the staff of the Southwest Museum as curator until his retirement in 1964. He died in San Fernando, California on June 30, 1971. Harrington is the author of many books and several hundred articles. A partial bibliography can be found in the Mark Raymond Harrington manuscript collection in the archives of the National Museum of the American Indian, Cultural Resource Center, Suitland, Maryland.
General note:
NMAItest
Restrictions:
Access restricted. For information on this collection consult the NMAI photo archivist at 301-238-1400 or NMAIphotos@si.edu.
Rights:
Copyright restrictions apply. Contact archives staff for information.
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Photographic prints
Lantern slides
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.035
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4acadc0fb-6afe-4e43-9413-0684acc3dda5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-035

German Silver "Buttons" Or Brooches (6)

Donor Name:
Dr. William C. Sturtevant  Search this
Culture:
Kickapoo (Kiikaapoi, Kikapú)  Search this
Object Type:
Brooch
Place:
Oklahoma, United States, North America
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2049174
USNM Number:
E437788-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3f0671f8a-2064-4fe9-9783-882724c16331
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_16917259

Wooden Spoon

Donor Name:
Dr. William C. Sturtevant  Search this
Culture:
Kickapoo (Kiikaapoi, Kikapú)  Search this
Object Type:
Spoon
Place:
Oklahoma, United States, North America
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2049174
USNM Number:
E437789-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3855da4c6-314d-4562-b9b3-8cde74dfae2b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_16917260

Ball

Culture/People:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Previous owner:
A' ki tci' ca ono, Potawatomi [Oklahoma]  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Ball
Media/Materials:
Hide
Techniques:
Sewn
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/5401
Barcode:
025401.000
See related items:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]
Games, Toys, Gambling
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws63c0ea707-3e94-4c72-ac9f-73a223fb5985
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_27090
Online Media:

Shawnee War Dance

Culture/People:
Absentee Shawnee [Shawnee, Oklahoma-Pottawatomie County]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Earnest L. Spybuck (Ernest Spybuck/Mahthela), Absentee Shawnee [Shawnee, Oklahoma-Pottawatomie County], 1883-1949  Search this
Previous owner:
Ētci ko, Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Collector:
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Title:
Shawnee War Dance
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paperboard, graphite, watercolor
Techniques:
Drawn, painted
Dimensions:
63.5 x 44 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Shawnee; Pottawatomie County; Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
circa 1908
Catalog Number:
2/5614
Barcode:
025614.000
See related items:
Absentee Shawnee [Shawnee, Oklahoma-Pottawatomie County]
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c12b8561-7531-48a3-aa2c-32a936dc1123
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_27312
Online Media:

House cover/covering

Culture/People:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Previous owner:
Ta'naki (Ta'-ni-ke/Ta-ni-ke), Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
House cover/covering
Media/Materials:
Cattail, cordage
Techniques:
Stitched
Object Type:
Architecture/Housing
Native Term:
ha nak gun
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/7157
Barcode:
027157.000
See related items:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]
Architecture/Housing
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws677c63a09-cf37-4c34-9f35-6976fa0beccd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_28981
Online Media:

Wooden Spoon

Donor Name:
Dr. William C. Sturtevant  Search this
Culture:
Kickapoo (Kiikaapoi, Kikapú)  Search this
Object Type:
Spoon
Place:
Oklahoma, United States, North America
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2049174
USNM Number:
E437790-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3f2268cad-411a-4f13-919e-a96debd090db
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_16917261

Wooden Spoon

Donor Name:
Dr. William C. Sturtevant  Search this
Culture:
Kickapoo (Kiikaapoi, Kikapú)  Search this
Object Type:
Spoon
Place:
Oklahoma, United States, North America
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2049174
USNM Number:
E437791-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3c4978cdf-b288-414f-b8f8-c3194d113834
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_16917262

Earrings

Culture/People:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Previous owner:
Kisko kwe, Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Pa Nuk' Tho (Pa-nuk-a-tho), Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Kocinokwe, Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
I a tci' to k', Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Collector:
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Earrings
Media/Materials:
German silver ("nickel silver"/copper-nickel alloy)
Techniques:
Cut, stamped, soldered, riveted
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Native Term:
a ta' ga' ma
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1870-1900
Catalog Number:
2/5147
Barcode:
025147.000
See related items:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68ee1e167-33ac-4492-bf1a-aee55c991352
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_26779
Online Media:

Kickapoo (Oklahoma)

Collection Creator:
National Congress of American Indians  Search this
Container:
Box 107
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1948-1960
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection Title, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
National Congress of American Indians records
National Congress of American Indians records / Series 4: Tribal Files / 4.1: Individual Tribes, Bands and Reservations
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv40720f6b6-3d4d-4f53-ad0e-3c9391bc2334
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-010-ref1223

James E. Curry papers

Correspondent:
Paul, William L. Jr  Search this
Creator:
Curry, James E., 1907-1972  Search this
Names:
Rosebud Sioux Tribe  Search this
Three Affiliated Tribes  Search this
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Bingham, Jonathan  Search this
Cohen, Felix  Search this
Cohen, Henry  Search this
Extent:
121.7 Linear feet
Culture:
Potawatomi  Search this
Muckleshoot  Search this
Nooksack  Search this
Missouria (Missouri)  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Coeur d'Alene  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Gambell, St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota [Standing Rock]  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Mdewakantonwan Dakota [Flandreau]  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Yavapai [Fort McDowell]  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Wendat (Huron)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Santa Ana Pueblo  Search this
Cocopa  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
San Felipe Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Wesort  Search this
Tillamook  Search this
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Stockbridge Mahican  Search this
Quinault  Search this
Lummi  Search this
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tesuque Pueblo  Search this
Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma]  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Sandia Pueblo  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Cheyenne River Lakota Sioux  Search this
Coeur d'Alene  Search this
Croatan  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Cocopa  Search this
Chickahominy  Search this
Lake Superior Chippewa [Lac Courte Oreilles, Wisconsin]  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Unangan (Aleut)  Search this
Chiricahua Apache [Fort Sill, Oklahoma]  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Yavapai  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Washoe (Washo)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Seri  Search this
Zia Pueblo  Search this
Yoeme (Yaqui)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Catawba  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Osage  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Umatilla  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Tsimshian [Metlakatla]  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Ute  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
Havasupai (Coconino)  Search this
Kootenai (Kutenai) [Idaho]  Search this
Klamath  Search this
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Oto  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Notes
Letters
Clippings
Legal documents
Place:
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians of North Carolina
Date:
1932-1958
Summary:
These are the papers of Washington, D.C. attorney James E. Curry, whose legal career included work both as a government attorney and in his own private practice. The bulk of the papers reflect his private practice in the area of Indian affairs.
Scope and Contents:
The material in the collection includes documents relating to many aspects of Curry's career but most of it relates to his work with Indian tribes and the National Congress of American Indians. For the most, the collection is made up of such materials as letters exchanged with government officials, Indians, and other attorneys; copies of legal documents; published government documents; notes; and clippings and other printed materials. Of particular significance is a subject file relating to Indian affairs. It includes material concerning affairs of Alaskan natives and the Aleut (Akutan, Pribilof Islands), Apache (including Fort Sill, Jicarilla, Mescalero, San Carlos White Mountain), Arapaho (Southern), Assiniboine (Fort Belknap, Fort Peck), Bannock (including Fort Hall), Blackfeet, Caddo, Catawba, Cherokee (Eastern), Cheyenne (Northern, Southern), Chickahominy, Chickasaw, Chippewa (including Lac Courte Oreilles), Choctaw, Cochiti, Cocopa, Coeur d'Alene, Colville, Comanche, Creek, Croatan, Crow, Dakota (Big Foot, Cheyenne River, Crow Creek, Devil's Lake, Flandreau, Fort Totten, Lower Brule, Mdewakanton, Oglala, Rosebud, Santee, Sisseton-Wahpeton, Standing Rock, Yankton), Delaware, Eskimo (including Gambell, Kiana), Flathead, Fox, Haida (including Kasaan), Havasupai, Hopi, Iroquois (Caughnawaga, Seneca, St. Regis), Isleta, Jemez, Kalilspel, Kansa (Kaw), Kickapoo, Kiowa, Klamath, Kutenai, Laguna, Lummi, Maricopa (Gila River, Salt River), Menominee, Missouria, Mohave (Fort Mohave), Mohave Apache (Fort McDowell), Muckleshoot, Navaho, Nez Perce, Niska, Nooksak, Omaha, Osage, Oto, Papago, Paiute (Fallon, Fort McDermitt), Moapa, Pyramid Lake, Shivwits, Walker River, Yerington), Pima (Gila River, Salt River), Potowatomi, Quinaielt, San Felipe, San Ildefonso, San Juan, Santa Ana, Santa Clara, Sandia, Sauk, Seminole (Florida, Oklahoma), Seneca, Seri, Shawnee (Eastern), Shoshoni (including Fort Hall), Sia, Spokan, Stockbridge, Taos (Pyote clan), Tesuque, Three Affiliated Tribes (Mandan, Arikara, and Hidatsa), Tillamook, Tlingit (including Angoon, Craig, Juneau, Kake, Ketchikan, Klawak, Klukwan, Taku, Wrangell), Tsimshian (Metlakatla), Umatilla, Ute (including Uintah-Ouray), Walapai, Washo, Wesort, Winnebago, Wyandot, Yakima, Yaqui, Yavapai, Yuma, and Zuni. There are also materials relating to Curry's work with the Bureau of Indian Affairs and National Congress of American Indians, and material that reflects his interest in conditions and events in given locations (often filed by state) and in organizations with interest in Indians. The material relating to Curry's work in Puerto Rico has been deposited in the Archivo General de Puerto Rico, Instituto de Cultura Puertorriquena, in San Juan.
Arrangement note:
The James E. Curry Papershave been arranged into 6 series: (1) Daily Chronological Files, 1941-1955; (2) Subject Files Regarding Indian Affairs, bulk 1935-1955; (3) Miscellaneous Files Regarding Indian Affairs, bulk 1947-1953; (4) Non-Indian Affairs, n.d.; (5) Puerto Rico Work, 1941-1947; (6) Miscellany, undated.
Biographical/Historical note:
James E. Curry was trained in law in Chicago and practiced in that city from 1930 until 1936, serving part of that time as secretary of the local branch of the American Civil Liberties Union. From 1936 to 1938, he was an attorney with the United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Indian Affairs, being largely involved with matters of credit affecting Indians. From 1938 to 1942, he continued service with the Interior Department but worked in several capacities involving the Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration, the department's Consumers' Counsel Division, and the Puerto Rico Water Resources Authority.

In 1945, Curry returned to Washington and set up private practice, also maintaining for a time an office in Puerto Rico. In Washington, he became the attorney for the National Congress of American Indians and from that time until the 1950s his practice increasingly involved representation of American Indian tribes, mostly in claims against the federal government. In this work, for a time, he was involved in business relations with a New York Law firm that included Henry Cohen, Felix Cohen, and Jonathan Bingham.

He also often worked closely with lawyers who lived near the tribes he represented, William L. Paul, Jr., of Alaska, for example. This aspect of his practice--representing Indian tribes--was largely broken up during the early 1950s when the Commissioner of Indian Affairs began to use his powers to disapprove contracts between Curry and the tribes. In 1952 and 1953, his official relationship with the National Congress of American Indians was also ended. After this, while Curry continued until his death to act as a consultant in Indian claims with which he had earlier been involved, his career and life developed in a different direction.
Related Materials:
Additional material relating to James E. Curry can be found in the records of the National Congress of American Indians, also located at the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center.
Provenance:
The Curry papers were originally donated to the National Anthropological Archives by James E. Curry's daughter Mrs. Aileen Curry-Cloonan in December 1973. In 2007 The Curry papers were transferred from the National Anthropological Archives to the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center along with several other records concerning American Indian law and political rights.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Genre/Form:
Notes
Letters
Clippings
Legal documents
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); James E. Curry papers, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.015
See more items in:
James E. Curry papers
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv47452304f-6226-44f3-9c83-407a91782872
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-015

Necklace

Culture/People:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Possible owner:
David T. Vernon (David Thomas Vernon/David C. Vernon), Non-Indian, 1900-1973  Search this
Jackson Hole Preserve, Inc. (Jackson Hole Preserve, Incorporated), 1940-  Search this
Object Name:
Necklace
Media/Materials:
Imitation wampum beads, brass beads, ribbon, twine/string
Techniques:
Strung, wrapped, tied
Dimensions:
51.5 x 7 x 1.5 cm
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
1850-1900
Catalog Number:
25/3606
Barcode:
253606.000
See related items:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68a625155-4e9d-44c0-9310-ff2b35f0f571
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_269534
Online Media:

Parfleche trunk

Culture/People:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Previous owner:
Kita wa bi', Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Parfleche trunk
Media/Materials:
Buffalo hide/skin
Techniques:
Painted
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Native Term:
pi ca gun a mu ta" hi'
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/5360
Barcode:
025360.000
See related items:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6933d48a8-de3e-4f43-9cc3-6294d7382b74
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_27001
Online Media:

Shinney/Shinny stick

Culture/People:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Previous owner:
Ni' Ma" Kw' (Mai na" kw'), Kickapoo [Oklahoma]  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Shinney/Shinny stick
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling: Ball game items
Native Term:
ka tci'
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/5368
Barcode:
025368.000
See related items:
Kickapoo [Oklahoma]
Games, Toys, Gambling: Ball game items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws67798c526-1ee8-4813-a904-4239ae451bd6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_27009
Online Media:

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