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Kerr, Clark et al. The Labour Problem in Economic Development

Collection Creator:
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Container:
Box 77
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1955
Collection Restrictions:
The Conrad M. Arensberg papers are open for research.

Files containing Arensberg's students' grades have been restricted, as have his students' and colleagues' grant and fellowships applications. For preservation reasons, the computer disk containing digital correspondence files from Joel Halpern is restricted.

Access to the Conrad M. Arensberg papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Conrad M. Arensberg papers
Conrad M. Arensberg papers / Series 7: Subject files / 7.2: Industrial relations
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw320c3a196-bcca-4a57-b7c4-e909244b09f9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2011-17-ref1438

Albert Clanton Spaulding papers

Creator:
Adams, William  Search this
Spaulding, Albert C. (Albert Clanton), 1914-1990  Search this
Correspondent:
Aberle, David F. (David Friend), 1918-2004  Search this
Ackerman, Robert  Search this
Adams, Richard N. (Richard Newbold), 1924-  Search this
Aginsky, Bernard W. (Bernard Willard), 1905-  Search this
Baby, Raymond S.  Search this
Baerreis, David A., 1916-1989  Search this
Baker, George W.  Search this
Bartlett, Katherine  Search this
Bascom, William  Search this
Baumhoff, Martin A.  Search this
Beardsley, Richard K. (Richard King), 1918-1978  Search this
Beaubien, Paul L.  Search this
Bell, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1914-2006  Search this
Bennett, Wendell Clark, 1905-1953  Search this
Binford, Lewis R. (Lewis Roberts), 1931-2011  Search this
Black, Glenn A. (Glenn Albert), 1900-1964  Search this
Boggs, Stephen Taylor  Search this
Bozeman, Tandy  Search this
Braidwood, Robert J. (Robert John), 1907-2003  Search this
Brew, J. O. (John Otis), 1906-1988  Search this
Buettner-Janusch, John, 1924-1992  Search this
Byers, Douglas S., 1903-1978  Search this
Campbell, John M.  Search this
Carneiro, Robert  Search this
Carr, John F.  Search this
Champe, John L. (John Leland), 1895-  Search this
Clark, J. Desmond (John Desmond), 1916-2002  Search this
Coe, Joffre Lanning  Search this
Collier, Donald, 1911-1995  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Conner, Stuart W.  Search this
Coon, Carleton S. (Carleton Stevens), 1904-1981  Search this
Corbett, John M.  Search this
Cotter, John Lambert  Search this
Cressman, Luther S., 1897-1994  Search this
Culbert, T. Patrick  Search this
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
Deuel, Thorne, 1890-  Search this
Dickinson, J.C.  Search this
Dillingham, Beth  Search this
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Dole, Gertrude Evelyn, 1915-2001  Search this
Ehrich, Robert W.  Search this
Eiseley, Loren C., 1907-1977  Search this
Erasmus, Charles  Search this
Euler, Robert  Search this
Evans, Clifford, Jr.  Search this
Fagan, Brian  Search this
Fejos, Paul, 1897-1963  Search this
Fenenga, Franklin  Search this
Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005  Search this
Fitting, James E.  Search this
Fitzhugh, William W., 1943-  Search this
Ford, James Alfred, 1911-1968  Search this
Ford, Richard I.  Search this
Gabel, Creighton  Search this
Giddings, Louis  Search this
Greengo, Robert E.  Search this
Griffin, James B. (James Bennett), 1905-1997  Search this
Gunnerson, James A.  Search this
Gurland, John  Search this
Hamilton, Henry W.  Search this
Harp, Elmer  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Henry, Ardell A.  Search this
Hewes, Gordon Winant, 1917-  Search this
Hodson, F.R.  Search this
Horne, Stephen  Search this
Howard, James H., 1925-1982 (James Henri)  Search this
Hruska, Robert J.  Search this
Hughes, Jack T.  Search this
Hull, W.C.  Search this
Hurt, Wesley R.  Search this
Huscher, Harold A., 1908-1992  Search this
Jelinek, Arthur J. (Arthur Julius), 1928-  Search this
Jennings, Jesse D. (Jesse David), 1909-1997  Search this
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Kaemlein, Wilma  Search this
Kaplan, Bernice  Search this
Kennard, Edward A. (Edward Allan), 1907-1989  Search this
Kerr, Clark  Search this
Kivett, Marvin F.  Search this
Krieger, Alex D. (Alex Dony), 1911-1991  Search this
Krogman, Wilton Marion, 1903-1987  Search this
Kunstadter, Peter  Search this
Lasker, Gabriel Ward  Search this
Laughlin, William S.  Search this
Leech, Florence  Search this
Lilban, Richard W.  Search this
Linton, Ralph, 1893-1953  Search this
Lister, Robert H. (Robert Hill), 1915-1990  Search this
Malouf, Carling I. (Carling Isaac), 1916-2007  Search this
Martin, Paul S. (Paul Sidney), 1899-1974  Search this
Mayer-Oakes, William J., 1923-2005  Search this
McGregor, John  Search this
McKern, W. C. (Will Carleton), 1892-  Search this
Meggers, Betty Jane  Search this
Miller, George (Omaha)  Search this
Muirhead, George  Search this
Neumann, Georg K. (Georg Karl), 1907-1971  Search this
Newman, Marshall T. (Marshall Thornton), 1911-1994  Search this
Norbeck, Edward, 1915-1991  Search this
Oakley, Kenneth Page, 1911-  Search this
Omwake, Henri Geiger, 1907-1967  Search this
Osborne, Douglas  Search this
Pilling, Arnold R.  Search this
Quilter, Jeffrey, 1949-  Search this
Reed, Charles A.  Search this
Reed, Erik Kellerman, 1914-1990  Search this
Ritchie, William A. (William Augustus), 1903-1995  Search this
Roberts, Frank H. H. (Frank Harold Hanna), 1897-1966  Search this
Rouse, Irving, 1913-2006  Search this
Rowe, John Howland, 1918-2004  Search this
Ruppé, Reynold J., 1917-1993  Search this
Schumacher, Paul J. F.  Search this
Schwartz, Douglas W., 1929-  Search this
Sears, William H.  Search this
Sebeok, Thomas A. (Thomas Albert), 1920-2001  Search this
Smith, Allen H.  Search this
Smith, Carlyle S. (Carlyle Shreeve), 1915-1993  Search this
Smith, Hale G.  Search this
Smith, Marion W.  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Spuhler, J.N.  Search this
Stephenson, Robert L. (Robert Lloyd), 1919-  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Struever, Stuart  Search this
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Swanson, Earl H., Jr. (Earl Herbert), 1927-1975  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Taylor, Walter W., Jr.  Search this
Thomas, David Hurst  Search this
Tolstoy, Paul  Search this
Tong, Marvin E. (Marvin Enoch), 1922-1981  Search this
Ward, Lauriston  Search this
Washburn, S. L. (Sherwood Larned), 1911-2000  Search this
Waterman, Alan T.  Search this
Watson, Patty Jo, 1932-  Search this
Wauchope, Robert  Search this
Webb, William S. (William Snyder), 1882-1964  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Wenner-Gren, Axel, 1881-1961  Search this
Wheeler, Richard  Search this
White, Leslie A., 1900-1975  Search this
Will, George W.  Search this
Williams, Stephen  Search this
Wolfe, Alvin W. (Alvin William), 1928-  Search this
Wood, W. Raymond  Search this
Woodbury, Natalie Ferris Sampson  Search this
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Yellen, John E., 1942-  Search this
Extent:
4.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
North America
South Dakota
Alaska
Date:
1940s-1980s
Summary:
The Albert Clanton Spaulding Papers consist of correspondence, field project data, manuscripts, and teaching notes documenting his work at the University of Michigan, University of California Santa Barbara, the National Science Foundation, and field work at the Arzberger Site and Agattu.
Scope and Contents:
The Albert Clanton Spaulding Papers consist of correspondence, field project data, manuscripts, and teaching notes documenting his work at the University of Michigan, University of California Santa Barbara, the National Science Foundation, and field work at the Arzberger Site and Agattu. Although it has been noted that there are significant and inexplicable lucunae in Spaulding's papers, they nevertheless touch on most phases of his professional life. There is, however, relatively little field material.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
1. Correspondence, 1948-1982; 2. manuscript of Spaulding writings; 3. material concerning students; 4. site reports and field project data; 4. material regarding conferences and committees; 6. material related to work as National Science Foundation archeology program director; 7. student notebooks and dissertation; 8. material regarding the Arzberger site; 9. administrative material regarding the University of Michigan; 10. academic papers collected by Spaulding, teaching aids, and lecture notes; 11. Philip C. Phillips and Gordon R. Willey file; 12. James A. Ford file; 13. correspondence regarding publications; 14. miscellany; 15. photographs
Biographical note:
Albert C. Spaulding was trained at Montana State University (B.A. in economics, 1935), the University of Michigan (M.A. in ahthropology, 1937), and Columbia University (Ph.D., 1946). In 1946-1947, he taught at the University of Kansas and was an assistant curator at the university's Museum of Anthropology. From 1947-1961, he taught at the University of Michigan and was curator of that university's Museum of Anthropology. In 1959-1961, Spaulding was first program director for the History and Philosophy of Science Program of the National Science Foundation and the NAS program director for anthropology. In 1963-1966, he was professor and chairman of the anthropology department at the University of Oregon. In 1967-1971, he became dean of the College of Letters and Science at the University of California at Santa Barbara and continued at that institution as professor of anthropology until 1983. Spaulding served the Society for Amercian Archeology as associate editor, secretary, vice president, and president. In 1964, he was vice president for Section H of American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Although Spaulding carried out several significant field projects, he is best rememberd for his theoretical and methodological concerns. In relating his first archeological field work, he declared: "My fundamental interest at the time (and now) was clarification of the basic concepts of archeology, which led me into explicit definitions of archaeological problems in terms of relationship between or among well-defined variables." Spaulding produced many articles and book reviews in which he dealt with such problems. Some of the best-known appeared in the pages of American Antiquity in 1953 and 1954 when be debated James A. Ford in general terms concerning teh most productive methods of archeology in general and the nature of archeological types and methods of defining them in particular. Because of his espousal of rigor in method, Spaulding is considered on of the main forerunners of the "new archeology" of the 1960s. For his work, he received the SAA distinguished Service Award in 1981.
Restrictions:
The Albert Clanton Spaulding papers are open for research.

Access to the Albert Clanton Spaulding papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Citation:
Albert Clanton Spaulding papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1997-12
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3808d85f3-876e-4f0d-99a4-a84e673bfcee
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1997-12

Clark Kerr

Artist:
Francis Minturn Sedgwick, 13 Mar 1904 - 24 Oct 1967  Search this
Sitter:
Clark Kerr, 1911 - 2003  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
46 × 37 × 28cm (18 1/8 × 14 9/16 × 11")
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1967
Topic:
Clark Kerr: Male  Search this
Clark Kerr: Education and Scholarship\Educator  Search this
Clark Kerr: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\University administrator\University president  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Dispersed Art Collection, University of California Berkeley
Object number:
CA470037
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm442bdc3fd-121e-40c3-b061-acbe9b71af99
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_CA470037

[Alexander Van Valen Diary] [book], Jan. 1849 to August 1850

Author:
Van Valen, Alexander  Search this
Collection Creator:
Van Valen, Alexander  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 14.0" x 9.1")
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Books
Holographs
Diaries
Place:
San Francisco (Calif.)
California -- Gold discoveries
Date:
1849
Jan. 1849 to August 1850
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Gold  Search this
Gold mines and mining  Search this
Genre/Form:
Books -- 19th century
Holographs
Diaries -- 19th century
Collection Citation:
Alexander Van Valen Papers, 1849-1850, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Alexander Van Valen Papers
Alexander Van Valen Papers / Series 1: Personal Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8d363b870-afa9-48c6-9476-28684fbe2c0e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0935-ref18
3 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View [Alexander Van Valen Diary] [book], Jan. 1849 to August 1850 digital asset number 1
  • View [Alexander Van Valen Diary] [book], Jan. 1849 to August 1850 digital asset number 2
  • View [Alexander Van Valen Diary] [book], Jan. 1849 to August 1850 digital asset number 3
Online Media:

Ralph Leon Beals papers

Creator:
Beals, Ralph L. (Ralph Leon), 1901-1985  Search this
Names:
American Anthropological Association -- ethics  Search this
Inter-American Society of Anthropology and Geography  Search this
Social Science Research Council. Committee on Cross-Cultural Education  Search this
University of California, Los Angeles. Department of Anthropology and Sociology  Search this
Bacon, Elizabeth  Search this
Barney, R. A.  Search this
Boggs, Stephen Taylor  Search this
Brand, Donald Dilworth  Search this
Broom, Leonard  Search this
Caso, Alfonso, 1896-1970  Search this
Cassady, Ralph C.  Search this
Castenada, Carlos  Search this
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
Depouy, Walter  Search this
Dixon, Keith A.  Search this
DuBois, Cora  Search this
Epling, Carl  Search this
Frantz, Charles  Search this
Goldschmidt, Walter, 1913-2010  Search this
Halpern, Abraham Meyer  Search this
Hammond, Peter Boyd  Search this
Hare, Peter  Search this
Hester, Joseph Aaron, Jr.  Search this
Hoijer, Harry  Search this
Horowitz, Irving Louis  Search this
Hugg, Lee  Search this
Humphrey, Norman D.  Search this
Johnson, Virginia R.  Search this
Kennedy, George  Search this
Kerr, Clark  Search this
Kirchhoff, Paul  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Lessa, William Armand  Search this
Lowie, Robert Harry, 1883-1957  Search this
McCown, T. C.  Search this
Morton, Perry W.  Search this
Murdock, George Peter, 1897-1985  Search this
Nutini, Hugo Gino  Search this
Opler, Marvin K. (Marvin Kaufmann), 1914-1981  Search this
Parsons, Elsie Worthington Clews, 1874-1941  Search this
Rubin de la Borbolla, Daniel F.  Search this
Shevky, Eshrev  Search this
Smith, M. Brewster  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Sproul, Robert G.  Search this
Steward, Julian Haynes, 1902-1972  Search this
Strauss, Louise  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Warner, William Lloyd  Search this
Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie, 1903-1988  Search this
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Young, Donald R.  Search this
Zeitlin, Jacob  Search this
Extent:
48 Linear feet
Culture:
Mixe  Search this
Cora  Search this
Quechua  Search this
Yoeme (Yaqui)  Search this
Wixarika (Huichol)  Search this
Maidu  Search this
Yoreme (Mayo)  Search this
American Indian -- California  Search this
Tarascan (archaeological culture)  Search this
Nisenan Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Mexican Americans  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Hick's Camp (California)
Argentina
Peru
Mexico
Date:
1919 - 1970
Summary:
The Beals papers in the National Anthropological Archives include field notes, correspondence, printed materials, copies of historical documents, drafts and final manuscripts of writings, photographs, and cartographic materials. Most relate to research projects and sometimes include materials of colleagues and assistants. Especially notable is the abundant material regarding Oaxaca markets. There are some materials relating to aspects of Beals's career other than his research but they are generally widely distributed throughout the collection. Materials relating to events that happened to occur at the time of certain field work are often interfiled with the material relating to that certain field work.

There are also some personal materials included. Conspicuously missing from the papers are notes on Beals's archeological work, which he has retained. There are relatively few materials relating to his teaching career, although some of the letters exchanged with Alfred Louis Kroeber concern the establishment of anthropology at the University of California at Los Angeles; and correspondence with students in the field concerns teaching as well as research activities. A typesript of notes on the Nisenan are at the Bancroft Library of the University of California at Berkeley. Some of the letters concern Elsie Clews Parsons and Carlos Castenada.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Ralph L. Beals (1901-1985), author, anthropologist and professor at the University of California. Included are his research files, correspondence, grant proposals, notes, charts, census material, maps, newspaper clippings, appointment calendars, drafts of published and unpublished writings, photographs and card files.

The bulk of the material relate to his research. Major projects documented in the collection include his studies of a Tarascan community; Mexican students in the United States; indigenous market systems in Oaxaca markets; economic systems in Nayón, Ecuador; land utilization by California Indians; and conditions in Hicks Camp in Southern California. The collection also contains his early research in Mexico during the 1930s as well as a study of kinship relationships undertaken by Beals' students during his residency as visiting professor at the University of Buenos Aires in 1962. Absent from the papers are notes from Beals' archeological work in Cobra Head Wash in Arizona.

A portion of the collection also reflects Beals' literary efforts beginning in the 1920s until later in his life. Throughout his adult lifetime Beals had been actively involved with the publishing world, constantly editing, reviewing, revising, rewriting and submitting for publication articles, speeches, lectures, essays, scholarly papers, and textbooks, in addition to contributing to various symposia, scientific associations and journals.

While there is little material regarding his faculty work at UCLA, some of his professional activities are documented in the collection. Of particular interest is his investigation for the American Anthropological Association into the ethics surrounding the use of anthropologists by government security agencies. The collection also contains files pertaining to his work with international professional societies and universities in Latin America and his service as editor of Acta America, the journal for the now defunct InterAmerican Society for Anthropology. His correspondence documents the development and demise of the organization.

The correspondence series is arranged both alphabetically and chronologically. Correspondents whose letters are included are Ellen Waterbury, Ronald Waterbury, Charlotte Stolmaker, Keith A. Dixon, Clark Kerr, R.G. Sproul, George Kennedy, and William Madsen. Correspondence listed chronologically (1928-78) has not been processed. A cursory review reveals that this includes a great deal of information on Beals' days at the University of California: personal and personnel papers and records, vitae, awards and commendations, salaries, positions held, etc. Some of the letters in the series concern Elsie Clews Parsons and Carlos Castenada.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
Organization

2. (1) Correspondence, 1928-1980

3. (2) Research proposals, 1936-1977

4. (3) Acta Americana materials, 1942-1963

5. (4) Early Mexican and California studies, 1930-1932, 1936

6. (5) Tarascan project materials, 1939-1941

7. (6) Social science in Latin Amerian materials, 1948-1949

8. (7) Nayon Project, Ecuador materials, 1948-1949

9. (8) Cross-cultural education study materials, 1952-1957

10. (9) California Indians materials, 1945-1955

11. (10) Study of markets in Oaxaca materials, 1938-1973 (most 1960s)

12. (11) Research and ethics materials, 1965-1968

13. (12) Miscellaneous field materials (Hicks Camp and Argentine kinship), 1946-1952, 1963

14. (13) Manuscripts of writings and lectures, 1919-1977

15. (14) Miscellany, 1929-1970

16. (15) Photographs, card files, notebooks, and oversized materials, 1930s-1960s
Biographical Note:
Ralph Leon Beals trained in anthropology at the University of California (Ph.D., 1930) under Robert Lowie, Edward W. Gifford, and Alfred L. Kroeber. After a brief period with the National Park Service, he became an instructor at Berkeley and, in 1936, as an anthropologist, joined the Department of Psychology at the University of California at Los Angeles. He eventually organized the UCLA Department of Anthropology and Sociology and served as its chairman in 1941-1948. He was chairman of the UCLA Department of Anthropology in 1964-1965. In 1969, he became a professor emeritus of the university. Beals' research focused on California, the American Southwest, and Latin America, especially Mexico. During the summer of 1929, he carried out an ethnological survey of the Southern Maidu (Nisenan), working under Kroeber and partly supported by Bureau of American Ethnology Cooperative Ethnological Research funds. In 1937-1938, he was on the Rainbow Bridge-Monument Valley Expedition under the direction of Ansel F. Hall and excavated an archeological site in Cobra Head Wash in Arizona. In 1948-1949, he investigated conditions at Hicks Camp, a Mexican settlement in southern California; and, in 1945-1955, he headed a project for the United States Department of Justice to study traditional land utilization by California Indians. The study related to Indian land claims cases.

Beals' involvement in Mexico goes back to a youthful tramp through Sonora and Sinaloa in 1918-1919 that included a long sojourn with a Mexican family. In 1930-1932, Beals worked with the Yaqui and Mayo; in 1932, with Elsie Clews Parsons, he worked with the Cora and Huichol found at Tepic, Nayarit; and, in 1933, with the western Mixe of Oaxaca. With these groups and with the tribes of northern Mexico in general, he concerned himself with both the ethnography of exiting cultures and the reconstruction of the cultures at the time of contact with Europeans. Given the currents of anthropology, a family background of social concern, his historical interest in cultures long influenced by Europeans, and his observation of rapid change and strong modern economic influences among Indian tribes, Beals came to treat largely with social anthropology, problems of acculturation, and studies useful in applied aspects of anthropology.

In 1938, with Daniel F. Rubín de la Borbolla, Alfonso Caso, John M. Cooper, and Alfred L. Kroeber, Beals took part in a comprehensive multidiscipline study of the Tarascans to help formulate government policies and programs. Beals and several collaborators and assistants carried out ethnographic and social anthropological studies at Cherán. In 1948-1949, Beals studied the economic systems of Nayón, Ecuador, a Quechua village, and cultural and social changes accompanying the shift from a subsistence to marketplace economy. In Buenos Aires in 1963, he collected kinship data from students at the Institute of Sociology. In 1965, he began a detailed study of the large traditional market system of eastern Oaxaca in Mexico. Over a five-year period, many scholars and students assisted Beals.

Beals had active ties with many organizations and gave some extraordinary service. During 1942-1943, he directed a cooperative social science program between Latin American institutions and the Smithsonian Institution, establishing the InterAmerican Society for Anthropology and Geography. From 1943-1948, he edited the Society's journal Acta Americana, initially fulfilling official obligations but, after 1944 and his return to teaching, donating his time for the work. In 1944-1951, he was a collaborator with the Smithsonian's Institute for Social Anthropology.

As a member of the Social Science Research Council from 1946-1962, Beals undertook to study conditions in Latin American social science. In 1952, for the Council's Committee on Cross-Cultural Education, he and Norman D. Humphrey investigated the experiences of Mexican students in the United States. He also served the American Anthropological Association as a member of its executive council from 1947-1949, vice president in 1949, and president in 1950. In 1965, the AAA, concerned with the use of anthropologists by government security agencies, asked Beals to study the ethics involved. Prepared in cooperation with many research scholars, Beals report became the basis for the work of the AAA's ethics committee.

Beals had many other organizational ties and responsibilities. He served as American technical advisor at the First Inter-American Indianists Conference at Patzcuarol, Mexico, in 1939; chairman of the Social Science Research Council Cross-Cultural Education Committee from 1953 to 1960; member of the Society for American Archaeology executive committee from 1954 to 1957; and president of the Southwest Anthropological Association in 1958. He was an editor with the Handbook of Latin American Studies, American Anthropologist, and Notes on Latin American Studies.

Chronology of the life of Ralph Leon Beals

July 19, 1901 -- Born in Pasadena California

1923 -- Married Dorothy Manchester

1926 -- B.A. University of California, Berkeley

1930 -- Ph.D. University of California, Berkeley

1933-1935 -- Museum technician, National Park Service

1935 -- Lecturer, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley

1936-1938 -- Instructor, University of California, Los Angeles

1937-1941 -- Assistant Professor

1941-1947 -- Associate Professor

1942-1943 -- Director of Latin American Ethnic Studies, Smithsonian Institution

1947-1969 -- Professor of Anthropology

1944-1951 -- Collaborator, Institute of Social Anthropology

1962 -- Visiting Professor, University of Buenos Aires

1969- -- Professor Emeritus

Ralph Leon Beals was trained in anthropology at the University of California at Berkeley under Robert H. Lowie, Edward W. Gifford, and, especially, Alfred Louis Kroeber. After a brief period of work for the National Park Service following graduation, he became an instructor in anthropology at Berkeley and, in 1936, as an anthropologist, joined the Department of Psychology at the University of California at Los Angeles. There he organized the Department of Anthropology and Sociology and served as its chairman in 1941-1948. He was also chairman of the UCLA Department of Anthropology in 1964-1965. In 1969, he became an professor emertius of the university.

Beals's research has focused primarily on California, the American Southwest, and Latin America, especially Mexico. In California, he carried out an ethnological survey of the Southern Maidu (Nisenan) during the summer of 1929, working under Kroeber and supported in part by funds from the Bureau of American Ethnology's Cooperative Ethnological Research program. In 1937-1938, he was a member of the Rainbow Bridge-Monument Valley Expedition under the direction of Ansel F. Hall and excavated an archeological site in Cobra Head Wash in Arizona. In 1948-1949, he studied conditions at Hicks Camp, a Mexican settlement in southern California, and in 1945-1955 Beals headed a project for the

United States Department of Justice to study traditional land utilization by California Indians. The study was related to Indian land claims cases.

Beals's involvement in Mexico can be traced to a 1918-1919 tramp through Sonora and Sinaloa that included a rather long sojourn with a Mexican family. In his later academic interest in the area, he was at the forefront of a movement of American anthropologists and geographers to fill some of the gaps in the ethnographic and archeological knowledge about northern Mexico, of interest largely because it lay in the way of possible influences passing between the American Southwest and the highly developed cultures of Mesoamerica. In 1930-1932, Beals worked among he Yaqui and Mayo; in 1932, with Elsie Clews Parsons , he worked among the Cora and Huichol found at Tepic, Nayarit; and, in 1933,

among the western Mixe of Oaxaca. With these groups and with the tribes of northern Mexico in general, he concerned himself with both the ethnography of contemporary cultures and the reconstruction of the cultures at the time of contact with Whites. Given the current of anthropology of the time, a family background of social concern, his historical interest in cultures with a long history of influence by Europeans, and his witness of rapid change and strong modern economic influences among Indian tribes, Beals came to treat largely with social anthropology, problems of acculturation, and studies useful in applied aspects of anthropology.

In 1938, Beals took part with Daniel Rubin de la Borbolla, Alfonso Caso, John Montgomery Cooper, and Alfred Louis Kroeber in planning a multidisciplinary study of the Tarascans, a project which aimed at a comprehensive examination useful in formulating government policies and programs. Under its auspices, Beals and several collaborators and assistants carried out ethnographic and social anthroplogical studies at Cheran. In 1948-1949, he studied the economic systems of the Quechua village of Nayon, Peru, and cultural and social changes accompanying the shift from a subsistence to a marketplace economy. In 1963, he collected kinship data from students at the Institute of Sociology in Buenos Aires, Argentina. In 1965, he began a detaile.

study of the large, traditional market system of eastern Oaxaca in Mexico. In this latter work, Beals was assisted by many scholars and students over a five-year period.

Beals has had active ties with many organizations concerned with anthropology and the social sciences and to some he has given extraordinary service. During 1942-1943, he was in charge of a program of cooperating in the social sciences between institutions in Latin American and the Smithsonian Institution. In that capacity, he was charged with the establishment of the Inter-American Society for Anthropology and Geography. From 1943-1948, he edited the Society's journal Acta Americana, intially fulfilling official obligations but, after 1944 and his return to teaching, donating his time for the work. He was a collaborator with the Smithsonian's Institute for Social Anthropology in 1944-1951.

A member of the Social Science Research Council from 1946-1962, Beals undertook a study on its behalf of conditions in Latin American social science. In 1952. he carried out a project with Norman D. Humphrey for the Council's Committee on Cross-Cultural Education that involved an investigation of the experiences of Mexican students who were studying in the United States. He also served the American Anthropological Association as a member of its executive council from 1947-1949, vice president in 1949, and president in 1950. In 1965, the AAA, concerned with the use of anthropologists by government security agencies, asked Beals to study the ethics involved in anthropological research and related problems that result from government and.

and other organizational affiliations. Beals's report, prepared with cooperation from many research scholars, became the basis for the work of the AAA's ethics committee.

Beals has had many other organizational ties and responsibilities. He served as technical advisor for the United States delegation to the First Inter-American Indianists Conference at Patzcuarol, Mexico, in 1939; chairman of the Cross-Cultural Education Committee of the Social Science Research council from 1953 to 1960; member of the executive committee of the Society for American Archaeology from 1954 to 1957; and president of the Southwest Anthropological Association in 1958. He also served on several other committees and had editorial duties with the Handbook of Latin American Studies, American Anthropologist, adnNotes on Latin American Studies. He has been honored with several honorary professorhsips at Latin American universities.
Restrictions:
The Ralph Leon Beals papers are open for research. At Ralph Beals' request, his 1930-1933 correspondence were restricted until 2000. These include letters to and from his wife while he was in the field, several letters to his children, and one letter to his mother-in-law. Beals supplied edited copies of the restricted letters for public access. The restrictions have since been lifted, and the edited copies have been retained with the original letters. His field assistants' materials have been restricted for the lifetime of the creators.

Access to the Ralph Leon Beals papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Anthropology -- Applied anthropology  Search this
Markets  Search this
Acta Americana  Search this
Citation:
Ralph Leon Beals papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1980-54A
See more items in:
Ralph Leon Beals papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3f0c02811-1a1d-4573-9ac1-6306f6f4a3c0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1980-54a

The gold and the blue : a personal memoir of the University of California, 1949-1967 / Clark Kerr ; with a foreword by Neil J. Smelser

Author:
Kerr, Clark 1911-2003  Search this
Gade, Marian L. 1934-  Search this
Kawaoka, Maureen  Search this
Subject:
Kerr, Clark 1911-2003  Search this
University of California, Berkeley Presidents  Search this
University of California (System) History  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. : ill., ports.; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Biography
Date:
2001
2003
C2001-c2003
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_714310

The future of industrial societies : convergence or continuing diversity? / Clark Kerr

Author:
Kerr, Clark 1911-2003  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 178 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1983
1970-
Topic:
Social history  Search this
Industrialization--Social aspects  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_741029

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