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E. McKnight Kauffer works from the Merrill C. Berman Collection concept and text by Madeline Collins with Lisa Berman

Artist:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Writer of added commentary:
Collins, Madeline  Search this
Berman, Lisa  Search this
Issuing body:
Merrill C. Berman Collection (Rye, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
221 pages color illustratons 28 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Catalogues
Place:
England
United States
New York (State)
Rye
Angleterre
Date:
2021
20th century
20e siècle
Topic:
Commercial art  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Posters, American  Search this
Posters, British  Search this
Commercial art--Private collections  Search this
Art publicitaire  Search this
Affiches américaines  Search this
Affiches britanniques  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1153774

Babel / by John Cournos

Author:
Cournos, John 1881-1966  Search this
Bookjacket designer:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Inscriber:
Cournos, John 1881-1966 DSI  Search this
Former owner:
Frost, Robert 1874-1963 DSI  Search this
Publisher:
Heinemann (Firm)  Search this
Printer:
London and Norwich Press  Search this
Physical description:
359, [1] pages ; 20 cm
Type:
Books
Fiction
Place:
London (England)
Date:
1923
Call number:
PS3505.O8855 B3 1923X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1104162

Edward McKnight Kauffer collection

Topic:
Brighton warp and weft
Seventeen
Advertiser's weekly
Australasian
Creator:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight), 1890-1954  Search this
Names:
American Airlines  Search this
American Silk Mills  Search this
Brighton (Firm)  Search this
British Federation of Master Printers  Search this
British Institute of Industrial Art  Search this
British South American Airways  Search this
Container Corporation of America  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Design Archive  Search this
Imperial Airways  Search this
London Underground Limited  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Aid Society  Search this
New York (State). Metropolitan Transportation Authority  Search this
Pan American World Airways, Inc.  Search this
Victoria and Albert Museum  Search this
Beddington, Jack  Search this
Dorn, Marion, 1896-1964  Search this
Ehrlich, Grace  Search this
Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns), 1888-1965  Search this
Fry, Roger Eliot, 1866-1934  Search this
Haworth-Booth, Mark.  Search this
Huxley, Aldous, 1894-1963  Search this
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight), 1890-1954  Search this
Moore, Marianne, 1887-1972  Search this
Pick, Frank, 1878-1941  Search this
Symon, D. E. (David E.)  Search this
Waldman, Bernard.  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Awards
Correspondence
Writings
Posters
Drafts (documents)
Announcements
Obituaries
Calendars
Negatives
Photographs
Sketches
Reviews
Date:
1915-1954
Summary:
This collection documents Kauffer's work as a theater designer, and graphic designer from 1915-1954.The collection includes allusions to correspondences between Kauffer in America to T.S. Eliot (1888-1965) in London, between 1930 and 1955. (There are no letters between the two men in the collection.) Although Kauffer and Eliot were to become friends after 24 July 1930, they were professionally related before that time. Kauffer illustrated the Ariel edition of Eliot's "Marina." Kauffer and Eliot met in London. In the collection are also posters of Kauffer's works, biographical pieces, and obituaries as well as photographs of the artist.
Arrangement note:
Unprocessed; The archive material consists of sketches, posters, manuscript leaves, photographs, clippings, and other related items that document Mr. Kauffer's career from 1915-1954.
Biographical/Historical note:
Edward McKnight Kauffer (1891-1954) was born at Great Falls, Montana. He grew up in the small town of Evansville on the Ohio River in Indiana, where the Kauffer grandparents had settled. After the divorce of his parents, he spent two years in an orphanage. By the age of four or five he had begun to draw. His mother remarried in 1899. Kauffer left school at the age of 12 or 13 to be helper to the scene painter in the City Directory.

In the Elder Bookshop and Art Rooms in San Francisco Kauffer acquired not only a speaking voice of marked attractiveness and distinction but also a life-long passion for books. He continued his studies as a painter by receiving his first formal training at evening sessions at the Mark Hopkins Institute. He met Professor McKnight, who became his patron; in homage to him Kauffer adopted the name of McKnight. A small exhibition of Kauffer's paintings was held at the Elder Art Rooms. He also studied at the Chicago Art Institute, and in Munich and Paris, and started his career as a theatrical scene painter. He was returning from Germany to this country in 1914 and was in London when World War I broke out.

In 1914 Kauffer would marry American Pianist, Grace Ehrlich and they would have a daughter. In 1921 Kauffer would move to New York City leaving his wife and daughter. In the spring of 1922 Kauffer returned to London with Marion Dorn, American textile designer. They would stay in London just prior to the beginning of World War II when they would return once again to New York. They would eventually marry in 1950.

In the Twenties in London, he went to work in a soldiers' canteen and began designing posters for the London Underground Railway in his spare time. His posters were so strikingly successful that he soon got further orders, and built up a reputation in his field. The posters would indicate to the war-weary British the normal resumption of public transportation. The posters made history in art circles and have been regarded ever since as revolutionary concepts of art-cum industry. A 1926 exhibition given at the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford furthered Kauffers notoriety.

His recognition in America began in 1937, when the Museum of Modern Art presented his work in its first one-man show ever given to an American poster designer. He returned to this country to live in 1940. While Kauffer was widely recognized abroad and the MOMA show brought attention, very few Americans knew of him and fewer advertisers were willing to accept the poster as an art form. His clients, since his return to America have included the National Red Cross, American Airlines, the New York Subways, Ringling Brothers Circus, the Container Corporation of America, the American Silk Mills and many others.

Kauffer was among the first in the early Twenties to respond to the impact of modern art, particularly the work of the cubist painters Picasso and Braque. The influence of cubism can be seen in his posters and was the basis of his dynamic geometrical style. The emphatic angular forms of Kauffer's posters shocked the public into attention. His artistry, and in particular his color sense, held that attention and, in a few short years just after the First World War, laid the foundations of his reputation as a designer, not only among the leading business men of the time, but particularly among critics and art students. T.S. Eliot, a friend of Kauffer's, describes his marriage of the public and modern art, "He did something for modern art with the public as well as doing something for the public with modern art."

In addition to his involvement in advertising, Kauffer was a book illustrator as well illustrating editions of many classics, including Burton's "Anatomy of Melancholy," Cervantes' "Don Quixote," Carl Van Vechten's "Nigger Heaven," and works by Herman Melville, T.S. Eliot, Arnold Bennett, Lord Birkenhead and others.

His work is represented in the South Kensington Museum in London and in the Corcoran Art Gallery in Washington, and there are examples of it also in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, and in Milan. He edited a survey, The Art of the Poster, in 1934. He was a Fellow of the British Institute of Industrial Art and a member of the Council for Art and Industry. When the Royal Society of Arts established its high diploma of R.D.I. (Designer for Industry) in 1937 he was ineligible as a foreigner, but was granted honorary status. He was asked to be Honorary Advisor to the Department of Public Information for the United Nations. He was Advisory Council for the Victoria and Albert Museum. His biography appears in the English "Who's Who" and in the American "Who's Who", as well as in the Columbia Encyclopedia.

Kauffer began to lose interest in the New York advertising scene. A friend of his said that he chose to kill himself with drink. He continued to work to the end, almost obsessively. Kauffer died on 22 October 1954.
Provenance:
All materials were donated to the museum by Grace Schulman in 1997.
Restrictions:
Unprocessed; access is limited; Permission of Library Director required; Policy.
Occupation:
Theater designers -- United States  Search this
Illustrators -- Great Britain  Search this
Illustrators -- United States  Search this
Draftsmen (artists) -- Great Britain  Search this
Draftsmen (artists) -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Theaters -- Stage-setting and scenery -- History -- 20th century -- Sources  Search this
Graphic arts -- History -- 20th century -- Sources  Search this
Illustration of books -- 20th century -- Sources  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Awards
Correspondence
Writings
Posters
Drafts (documents)
Announcements
Obituaries
Calendars
Negatives
Photographs
Sketches
Reviews
Identifier:
SIL-CH.1997-134-1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Libraries
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sc2e766e647-b491-4b2a-ae55-4be292be34dd
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sil-ch-1997-134-1

Organic design in home furnishings, by Eliot F. Noyes

Author:
Noyes, Eliot  Search this
Cover designer:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Event place:
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Printer:
William E. Rudge's Sons  Search this
Physical description:
[2], 48 pages illustrations 26 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
1941
Topic:
Furniture  Search this
Industrial design  Search this
Call number:
NK2401.N6X
NK2401.N6X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_74805

On or off the wall : an international selection of tapestries and carpets, 1920s-1970s

Author:
Lurçat, Jean 1892-1966  Search this
Murao, Ayako 1915-1999  Search this
Arp, Jean 1887-1966  Search this
Vasarely, Victor 1906-1997  Search this
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Morris, George L. K. 1905-1975  Search this
Badin, Liliane 1929-  Search this
Bentley, Claude Ronald 1915-1990  Search this
Noland, Kenneth 1924-2010  Search this
Copley, Alfred L  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Subject:
Lurçat, Jean 1892-1966  Search this
Murao, Ayako 1915-1999  Search this
Arp, Jean 1887-1966  Search this
Vasarely, Victor 1906-1997  Search this
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Morris, George L. K. 1905-1975  Search this
Badin, Liliane 1929-  Search this
Bentley, Claude 1915-1990  Search this
Noland, Kenneth 1924-2010  Search this
Copley, Alfred L  Search this
Physical description:
15 p. : col. ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogues
Date:
2003
20th century
Topic:
Tapestry--History  Search this
Rugs--History  Search this
Call number:
NK3007.85 .O5 2003
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_917846

Publicité / présenté par A.-M. Cassandre

Compiler:
Cassandre, A. M. 1901-1968  Search this
Artist:
Adnet, Jean 1900-1995  Search this
Basch, Jean active 1929  Search this
Baumeister, Willi 1889-1955  Search this
Bayer, Herbert 1900-1985  Search this
Bickel, Karl 1886-1982  Search this
Binder, Joseph 1898-1972  Search this
Burchartz, Max 1887-1961  Search this
Cassandre, A. M. 1901-1968  Search this
Čapek, Josef 1887-1945  Search this
Carlu, Jean 1900-1997  Search this
Colin, Paul 1892-1985  Search this
Cooper, Austin 1890-1964  Search this
Dexel, Walter 1890-1973  Search this
Klinger, Julius  Search this
Libizewski, H. Berthold  Search this
Loupot, Charles 1892-1962  Search this
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Mahlau, Alfred 1894-1967  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, László 1895-1946  Search this
Mohring, Hans  Search this
Molzahn, Johannes 1892-1965  Search this
Morach, Otto 1887-1973  Search this
Mucharski, Jan 1900-1981  Search this
Réal, Marc  Search this
Taylor, Horace 1881-1934  Search this
Teige, Karel 1900-1951  Search this
Mrkvička, Otakar 1898-1957  Search this
Tschichold, Jan 1902-1974  Search this
Vox, Maximilien  Search this
Zwart, Piet 1885-1977  Search this
Printer:
Harambat  Search this
Author:
Draeger frères  Search this
Kimberly-Clark Corporation  Search this
Typographer:
Fonderies Deberny & Peignot  Search this
Physical description:
[7] pages : 49 plates [6 color] ; 34 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1929
[1929]
Topic:
Advertising  Search this
Posters  Search this
Call number:
NC997 .C2X 1929
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1054483

Shakespeare in Harlem / by Langston Hughes ; with drawings by E. McKnight Kauffer

Author:
Hughes, Langston 1902-1967  Search this
Illustrator:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Physical description:
124 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Type:
Poetry
Date:
1942
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Call number:
PS3515.U274S5X 1942
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_427863

Design / Edward McKnight Kauffer ; Brian Webb & Peyton Skipwith, [compilers]

Title:
E McKnight Kauffer design
Author:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Webb, Brian  Search this
Skipwith, Peyton 1939-  Search this
Subject:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Physical description:
95 p. : chiefly col. ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Europe
Date:
2007
Topic:
Design  Search this
Graphic arts  Search this
Posters, European  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_839598

The art of the poster : its origin, evolution & purpose / arranged & edited by E. McKnight Kauffer

Author:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 190 p. : ill., plates (some col.) ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1928
Topic:
Posters  Search this
Call number:
NC1810 .K21 1928
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_709121

E. McKnight Kauffer : a designer and his public / Mark Haworth-Booth

Author:
Haworth-Booth, Mark  Search this
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Subject:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Physical description:
136 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 31 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1979
Topic:
Commercial artists  Search this
Call number:
NC999.4.K38 H38X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_185621

Posters by E. McKnight Kauffer; with notes by E. McKnight Kauffer and a foreword by Aldous Huxley

Author:
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Physical description:
[24] p. plates. 26cm
Type:
Catalogs
Date:
1937
Topic:
Posters  Search this
Call number:
NC1850.K3 N4
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_668957

The art of the poster, its origin, evolution & purpose, arranged & edited by E. McKnight Kauffer

Author:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 190 p., 1 l. incl. illus., plates (part col.) col. plates. 32 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1924
Topic:
Posters  Search this
Call number:
NC1810 .K21
NC1810.K21
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_51617

The poster king E. McKnight Kauffer

Title:
E. McKnight Kauffer
Author:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Harris, Alexandra 1981-  Search this
Estorick Collection  Search this
Physical description:
55 pages color illustrations 23 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Date:
2011
Call number:
NC999.4.K38 A4 2011
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1112320

Chrysler

Title:
Chrysler 52, 62, 72, 80
Traum wird Wirklichkeit : Walter Chrysler und seine Wagen
Issuing body:
Chrysler Corporation  Search this
Book designer:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Printer:
Crawfords Reklame-Agentur G.m.b.H.  Search this
Distributor:
Herm. Kornrumpf (Firm) DSI  Search this
Subject:
Chrysler Corporation  Search this
Physical description:
24 unnumbered pages illustrations (some color) ; 26 x 26 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Date:
1928
Topic:
Chrysler automobile  Search this
Decoration and ornament--Art deco  Search this
Call number:
TL215.C55 C49 1928
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1112261

E. McKnight Kauffer : memorial exhibition of the work of E. McKnight Kauffer, ... born Montana 1890, died New York 1954 / presented by the Society of Industrial Artists, with the support of the Royal Society of Arts, at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, October to November 1955

Title:
Memorial exhibition of the work of E. McKnight Kauffer
E McK K
Author:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Society of Industrial Artists (Great Britain)  Search this
Royal Society of Arts (Great Britain)  Search this
Victoria and Albert Museum  Search this
Subject:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Physical description:
[16] pages, [16] pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
1955
[1955]
Topic:
Commercial artists  Search this
Call number:
NC999.4.K38 S6 1955
N40.1.M16564 V5 1955
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_560071

Look! We have come through! / by D.H. Lawrence

Author:
Lawrence, D. H (David Herbert) 1885-1930  Search this
Bookjacket designer:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Former owner:
Heath, Louisa Seward 1888-1962 DSI  Search this
Walker, Charles A. C. DSI  Search this
Associated name:
Brown, Philip active 1986 DSI  Search this
Publisher:
Chatto & Windus (Firm)  Search this
Bookseller:
B.H. Blackwell Ltd. DSI  Search this
Physical description:
162, [2] pages + 3 unnumbered pages publisher's advertisements ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
20th century
Topic:
English poetry  Search this
Call number:
PR6023.A93 L6 1917X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1146351

Selected poems of Langston Hughes / Drawings by E. McKnight Kauffer

Title:
Selected poems, Langston Hughes
Author:
Hughes, Langston 1902-1967  Search this
Illustrator:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 297 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1977
1959
1977 [©1959]
SIGLO XX
Topic:
American poetry--African American authors  Search this
POESIA AFROAMERICANA  Search this
LITERATURA AFROAMERICANA  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1114437

Organic design in home furnishings / by Eliot F. Noyes

Author:
Noyes, Eliot  Search this
Cover designer:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Event place:
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Printer:
William E. Rudge's Sons  Search this
Associated name:
Bloomingdale's (Firm) DSI  Search this
Physical description:
[2], 48 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm, in envelope 27 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Dust jackets (Binding)
Exhibition catalogs
History
Place:
United States
Date:
1941
20th century
Topic:
Furniture  Search this
Furniture design--History  Search this
Industrial design  Search this
Organic design  Search this
Call number:
NK2401 .N6X 1941
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1095761

The open conspiracy : blue prints for a world revolution / H.G. Wells

Author:
Wells, H. G (Herbert George) 1866-1946  Search this
Bookjacket designer:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Publisher:
Victor Gollancz Ltd.  Search this
Printer:
Camelot Press Ltd.  Search this
Papermaker:
Spalding & Hodge  Search this
Binder:
Leighton-Straker Bookbinding Co.  Search this
Physical description:
156 pages ; 19 cm
Type:
Texts
Date:
1928
Topic:
Utopias  Search this
Sociology  Search this
Social problems  Search this
Call number:
HX811 .W45 1928
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1104230

The life and strange surprizing adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, mariner, written by Daniel Defoe

Title:
Life and strange surprising adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, mariner
Robinson Crusoe
Adventures of Robinson Crusoe DSI
Life and adventures of Robinson Crusoe
Author:
Defoe, Daniel 1661?-1731  Search this
Illustrator:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Inscriber:
Kauffer, E. McKnight (Edward McKnight) 1890-1954  Search this
Editor:
Campbell, Kathleen Winifred  Search this
Papermaker:
Saunders, T. H.  Search this
Printer:
University Press (Glasgow, Scotland)  Search this
Robert MacLehose & Co.  Search this
Publisher:
Frederick Etchells & Hugh Macdonald  Search this
Physical description:
332 pages 2 leaves, [8] leaves of plates, color illustrations, 27 cm
Type:
Fiction
Specimens
Adventure fiction
Children's books
Place:
England
Date:
1929
Topic:
Crusoe, Robinson (Fictitious character)  Search this
Shipwreck survival  Search this
Castaways  Search this
Islands  Search this
Stencil work  Search this
Call number:
PR3403 .A1 1929X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1104106

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