The collection includes materials from cultures in the United States, Mexico, Brazil, Guatemala, Colombia, Ecuador, and Guiana: Acoma Pueblo, Apache, Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboine, Caddo, Cahuilla, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chinantec, Chippewa (Ojibwa), Choco, Chol, Chontal, Cochiti Pueblo, Crow, Cuicatec, Eskimo, Flathead, Haida, Hopi, Huastec, Huave, Iowa, Iroquois, Isleta, Karaja, Kwakiutl, Laguna Pueblo, Macusi, Mandan, Maya, Mazahua, Mazatec, Mehinaku, Menomini, Mixe, Mixtec, Navajo, Nez Perce, Osage, Otomi, Ottawa, Pawnee, Pima, Ponca, Potawatomi, Salish, San Blas, San Felipe Pueblo, Sauk & Fox, Shuar, Sioux, Taos Pueblo, Tarasco, Teotihuacan, Tepehua, Tlaxcala, Tlingit, Tonkawa, Totonac, Triqui, Tzental, Tzotzil, Ute, Wampanoag, Zapotec, Zoque, Zuni.
Collection arranged by item number.
Frederick Starr was born in Auburn, New York, on September 2, 1858. He received a Ph.D. in biology in 1884 at Coe College, where he was later appointed professor of biology. Starr did postgraduate work in anthropology at Yale. In 1889 he was appointed head of Ethnology at the American Museum of Natural History, and in 1892 he was chosen by William Harper to organize the Anthropology Department at the new University of Chicago. Starr remained at the University until his retirement in 1923. Besides his field studies with various Indian tribes in the United States, Starr traveled to Mexico, Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala, Ecuador, Guiana, Japan, the Philippines, and Africa. He died in Tokyo, Japan, on August 14, 1933. Starr was the author of several books and scholarly articles.
Starr hired professional photographers Charles B. Lang and Louis Grabic to accompany him on his field trips. One lantern slide of Moses Ladd (Menomini) was taken by William H. Jackson.
Dr. Frederick Starr, Purchased, circa 1929
Access restricted. Researchers should contact the staff of the NMAI Archives for an appointment to access the collection.
Lipkind's papers are limited to the fruit of his anthropological field work. They are, however, incomplete, for part remains in private hands. A few pieces of correspondence relating to his article for the Handbook of South American Indians are with Julian Haynes Steward. The Winnebago materal includes a vocabulary that may be by the nineteenth-century missionary William T. Findley.
Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
William Lipkind became a student of anthropology at Columbia University under Franz Boas and Ruth Fulton Benedict following pursuit of courses in law, history, and English literature. His introduction to field work was during the summer of 1936, which he spent at Winnebago, Nebraska, investigating the Winnebago language and reviewing Paul Radin's work on the Winnebago. This field work provided data for his doctoral dissertation, which was published under the title Winnebago Grammar in 1945. Lipkind 's next field work was in Brazil, where he spent a year and a half, from 1937 to 1939, with the Caraja, studying their language and culture. During the same time, he also investigated the languages and cultures of neighboring peoples, including the Cayapo. The publications from this work were his article for the Handbook of South American Indians, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 143, volume 3, 1948, and an article on Caraja cosmology that was published in the Journal of American Folklore in 1940. Following a couple of years' teaching at Ohio State University, Lipkind became a civilian employee of the federal government and worked in Europe. After returning to the United States in 1947, his activity in anthropology was largely teaching. His publications were mostly in children's literature.
The Archives of Traditional Music at Indiana University Bloomington holds the original cylinders of Brazil, Mato Grosso, Caraja and Cayapo Indians, 1938.
The Elmer L. Andersen Library at the University of Minnesota holds the William Lipkind (Will) papers, which relate to Lipkind's work as a children's author.
Access to the William Lipkind papers requires an appointment.
William Lipkind papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The bulk of the collection is comprised of images of paintings by Vladimir Kozak and his artifacts relating to Brazilian tribes, photographed by James A. Jensen at Kozak's home in Curitaba, Brazil, in September 1965. It also includes a watercolor image of body decoration at a ceremony held by the upper Xingu River tibes of Central Brazil. Additionally, there is one lithograph poster of a J. A. Jensen painting of Chief Joseph, dated 1974.
James A. Jensen (1918-1998) was a paleontologist and Director of the Earth Sciences Museum at Brigham Young University (BYU). While at BYU, he conducted fieldwork in both North and South America, at which point he may have met Vladimir Kozak. He created pastel and acrylic artwork, particularly of flowers, landscapes, and Native Americans.
Artist Vladimir Kozak was trained in Czechoslovakia in mechanical engineering, sculpture, and painting. In 1923, he immigrated to Brazil. As Kozak's interest in the Indigenous tribes of Brazil grew, he increasingly focused on painting and sculpting, particularly during the 1940s and 1950s. He also became a still photographer, film maker, and collector of Indigenous artifacts.