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Edwin Earle art works of Hopi Indians and surroundings

Creator:
Earle, Edwin, 1904-  Search this
Extent:
117 Items ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1935-1936
Scope and Contents:
85 pencil and charcoal sketches of Hopi Indians of Arizona, their villages and countryside by Earle; 20 watercolors of masked Hopi Kachinas by Earle; and 12 watercolors of masked Hopi Kachinas by Hopi children.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, engraver.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1972 by Edwin Earle.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Engravers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Topic:
Hopi Indians -- Pictorial works  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.earledwi
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-earledwi

MS 4492 Drawings of kachinas by Hopi Indian students at Sherman Institute

Creator:
ANONYMOUS  Search this
Names:
Sherman Institute (Riverside, Calif.)  Search this
Extent:
4 Drawings
3 Pages
Culture:
Hopi -- Kachinas  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4492
Local Note:
pencil and crayon drawings
Provenance:
Collected by Anna Israel, a teacher at Sherman Institute, and forwarded by her, November 16, 1908 to Dr. D. S. Lamb, Washington, D. C.; forwarded by Dr. Lamb to the Bureau of American Ethnology August 13, 1923. Transferred from the Bureau of American Ethnology Library, 1956.
Topic:
Kachinas -- Hopi  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 4492, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4492
See more items in:
MS 4492 Drawings of kachinas by Hopi Indian students at Sherman Institute
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4492

MS 4731 Codex Hopiensis, Hopi Kachinas

Collector:
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Artist:
Homovi (Hopi)  Search this
Kutcahonauu (Hopi)  Search this
Winuta (Hopi)  Search this
White Bear (Hopi)  Search this
Extent:
3 Volumes
Culture:
Hopi -- Kachinas  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Drawings
Date:
November, 1899-March, 1900
Biographical / Historical:
In his introduction, Fewkes states that the artists were Kutcahonauu, or White Bear, aged about 30; his uncle, Homovi; Winuta, apparently a contemporary of Homovi; and "a boy who had attended a government school in Lawrence, Kansas," whose drawings Fewkes states he did not reproduce.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4731
Local Note:
Three styles of drawings were noted by Anne Morgan of the National Anthropological Archives staff, 1970; brief descriptions of the styles and page index to the volumes is on file in National Anthropological Archives.
water color, graphite and crayon drawings on construction paper
Topic:
Kachinas -- Hopi  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 4731, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4731
See more items in:
MS 4731 Codex Hopiensis, Hopi Kachinas
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4731
Online Media:

Lowell Talashoma (Hopi Pueblo)

Collection Photographer:
Makov, Susan  Search this
Eddington, Patrick  Search this
Container:
Oversize B15
Culture:
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1993
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting Lowell Talashoma (Hopi Pueblo) sitting in a chair outdoors while carving a Kachina doll on the Hopi Reservation, Second Mesa in Arizona. Photograph by Susan Makov in 1993.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Susan Makov and Patrick Eddington photographs of Southwest artists, image #, NMAI.AC.335; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.335, Item P23657
See more items in:
Susan Makov and Patrick Eddington photographs of Southwest artists
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-335-ref5

The rain dancers (Kachinas) leaving Oraibi, largest of the Hopi Indian villages, Arizona. 6171 Interpositive

Topic:
American Indians
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (4" x 5")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Hopi Indians -- Arizona
Kachinas
Arizona
Oraibi (Arizona)
Local Numbers:
RSN 26829
General:
Same as RSN 21023.
Currently stored in box 3.2.52 [130].
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Adobe houses -- Arizona  Search this
Indians of North America -- Arizona  Search this
Rain dancers -- Arizona  Search this
Villages -- Arizona  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 26810-26909
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref24588

Jesters and sacred "rain bringers" (Kachinas), Hopi Indian village of Oraibi, Arizona. 6175 Interpositive

Topic:
American Indians
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (4" x 5")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Arizona
Oraibi (Arizona)
Local Numbers:
RSN 26830
General:
Same as RSN 21027.
Currently stored in box 3.2.52 [130].
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Adobe houses -- Arizona  Search this
Indians of North America -- Arizona  Search this
Rain dancers -- Arizona  Search this
Villages -- Arizona  Search this
Hopi Indians -- Arizona  Search this
Kachinas -- Arizona  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 26810-26909
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref24589

The rain dancers (Kachinas) leaving Oraibi, largest of the Hopi Indian villages, Arizona. 6171 Interpositive

Topic:
American Indians
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Kachinas
Hopi Indians -- Arizona
Arizona
Oraibi (Arizona)
Local Numbers:
RSN 21023
General:
Same as RSN 26829.
Currently stored in box 3.2.13 [209].
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Adobe houses -- Arizona  Search this
Indians of North America -- Arizona  Search this
Rain dancers -- Arizona  Search this
Villages -- Arizona  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 20931-21026
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref27300

Jesters and sacred "rain bringers" (Kachinas), Hopi Indian village of Oraibi, Arizona. 6175 Interpositive

Topic:
American Indians
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 7")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Hopi Indians -- Arizona
Kachinas
Arizona
Oraibi (Arizona)
Local Numbers:
RSN 21027
General:
Same as RSN 26830.
Currently stored in box 3.2.13 [209].
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Adobe houses -- Arizona  Search this
Indians of North America -- Arizona  Search this
Dancers -- Arizona  Search this
Dwellings -- Arizona  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 21027-21126
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref27304

The Kachina dance to the rain god, Hopi Indian village, Shonghopavi, Arizona. 6181 Interpositive

Topic:
American Indians
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Hopi Indians -- Arizona
Kachinas
Arizona
Shonghopavi (Arizona)
Local Numbers:
RSN 21035
General:
Same as RSN 21036.
Currently stored in box 3.2.13 [209].
Copy and Version Identification Note:
6440
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Adobe houses -- Arizona  Search this
Indians of North America -- Arizona  Search this
Dancers -- Arizona  Search this
Villages -- Arizona  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 21027-21126
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref27312

The Kachina dance to the rain god, Hopi Indian village, Shonghopavi, Arizona. 6181 Interpositive

Topic:
American Indians
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Hopi Indians -- Arizona
Kachinas
Arizona
Shonghopavi (Arizona)
Local Numbers:
RSN 21036
General:
Same as RSN 21035.
Currently stored in box 3.2.13 [209].
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Adobe houses -- Arizona  Search this
Indians of North America -- Arizona  Search this
Dancers -- Arizona  Search this
Villages -- Arizona  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 21027-21126
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref27313

The Hopi Indian rain dancers whose masks are held sacred, Shonghopavi, Arizona. 6182 Interpositive

Topic:
American Indians
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Hopi Indians -- Arizona
Kachinas
Arizona
Shonghopavi (Arizona)
Local Numbers:
RSN 21037
General:
Same as RSN 21038.
Currently stored in box 3.2.13 [209].
Copy and Version Identification Note:
6441
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Adobe houses -- Arizona  Search this
Indians of North America -- Arizona  Search this
Dancers -- Arizona  Search this
Dogs -- Arizona  Search this
Masks -- Arizona  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 21027-21126
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref27314

The Hopi Indian rain dancers whose masks are held sacred, Shonghopavi, Arizona. 6182 Interpositive

Topic:
American Indians
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Hopi Indians -- Arizona
Kachinas
Arizona
Shonghopavi (Arizona)
Local Numbers:
RSN 21038
General:
Same as RSN 21037.
Currently stored in box 3.2.13 [209].
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Adobe houses -- Arizona  Search this
Indians of North America -- Arizona  Search this
Dancers -- Arizona  Search this
Dogs -- Arizona  Search this
Masks -- Arizona  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 21027-21126
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref27315

The masked Kachinas (Hopi Indian "rain-makers"), village of Shonghopavi, Arizona. 6183 Interpositive

Topic:
American Indians
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Hopi Indians -- Arizona
Kachinas
Arizona
Shonghopavi (Arizona)
Local Numbers:
RSN 21039
General:
Same as RSN 21040.
Currently stored in box 3.2.13 [209].
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Adobe houses -- Arizona  Search this
Indians of North America -- Arizona  Search this
Dancers -- Arizona  Search this
Masks -- Arizona  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 21027-21126
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref27316

The masked Kachinas (Hopi Indian "rain-makers"), village of Shonghopavi, Arizona. 6183 Interpositive

Topic:
American Indians
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Hopi Indians -- Arizona
Kachinas
Arizona
Shonghopavi (Arizona)
Local Numbers:
RSN 21040
General:
Same as RSN 21039.
Currently stored in box 3.2.13 [209].
Copy and Version Identification Note:
6442
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Adobe houses -- Arizona  Search this
Indians of North America -- Arizona  Search this
Dancers -- Arizona  Search this
Masks -- Arizona  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 21027-21126
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref27317

Ruth Leah Bunzel Papers

Extent:
13 Linear feet (26 boxes, 2 audio reels)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1921-1979
Summary:
The bulk of this collection documents the professional life of Ruth Leah Bunzel from the 1940s to 1970s. The collection contains correspondence, manuscripts, notes, research files, teaching materials, card files, artwork, and sound recordings.
Scope and Contents:
The bulk of this collection documents the professional life of Ruth Leah Bunzel from the 1940s to 1970s. The collection contains correspondence, manuscripts, notes, research files, teaching materials, card files, artwork, and sound recordings. A large portion of the collection is comprised of work from the Chinese project that Bunzel led as part of Columbia University Research in Contemporary Cultures [RCC]. The collection also contains her paper for the Bureau of Applied Social Research, "Interviewing in National Character Research" (in which she analyzes the methods used in RCC), as well as materials from two spin-offs of RCC--Studies in Soviet Culture and Studies in Contemporary Cultures. Bunzel's relationship with Columbia University is also represented in the collection through her notes as lecturer and adjunct professor at Columbia University, correspondence with her students, and her students' papers. Among her students was Ethel Cutler Freeman, whose letters and assignments can be found in the collection. There are also memos and other materials documenting the activities of the anthropology department and university, as well as their responses to the 1968 student uprising at Columbia. In addition, the collection contains notes from courses Bunzel took with Franz Boas and Ruth Benedict as a graduate student at Columbia.

Other items of significance are the drawings of Hopi and Zuni kachinas that Bunzel collected while in the field in the Southwest and a map of a Tewa village sketched in pencil. The collection does not contain any of her field notes from her work in the Southwest nor from her work in Guatemala or Mexico.

Although Bunzel's writings are not well represented in the collection, there are items of interest such as typescript copies of "Tentative Questionnaire for Handbook of Psychological Leads for Ethnological Field Workers: Economics," her handwritten reminiscence of Boas, and drafts of papers she presented at conferences. Also of interest are notes on her memories of the Abram Kardiner psychocultural seminars (in which she was an early participant), notes from various seminars, and two 1963 sound recordings from an Anthropology and World Affairs regional conference.

Among her notable correspondents in the collection are David F. Aberle, Franziska Boas, Steve Boggs, Paul Bohannan, Joseph Casagrande, Vincent Crapanzano, Harold Driver, Abe Edel, Raymond Fogelson,Morton H. Fried, Ethel Cutler Freeman, Alexander Lesser, Oscar Lewis, George Marcus, Catharine McClellan, Margaret Mead, Lita Fejos Osmundson, George Spindler, Leslie White, Helene Boas Yampolsky, and Mark Zborowski.
Arrangement:
Arranged into 9 series: (1) Correspondence, 1957-1977; (2) Research in Contemporary Cultures, 1947-1954; (3) Columbia University, 1925-1941 & 1956-1969; (4) Writings and Projects, 1929-1968 [Bulk 1960-1968]; (5) Associations, Conferences, & Seminars, 1940-1973; (6) Writings by Others, 1921-1979; (7) Card Files; (8) Artwork; (9) Sound Recordings, 1963
Biographical Note:
Ruth Leah Bunzel was born on April 18, 1898 in New York City. Known as "Bunny" by her friends, she attended Barnard College where she received her B.A. in European History in 1918. With no thought of continuing her education, she acquired a job in 1922 as secretary and editorial assistant to Franz Boas at Columbia University. Esther Goldfrank, who had resigned as Boas's secretary to study anthropology at Columbia, was a friend of one of Bunzel's sisters.

By 1924 Bunzel, herself, was considering a career in anthropology and wanted to observe an anthropologist at work in the field. Since Boas traveled to Europe every summer, Bunzel decided to spend her vacation that year in Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico as a secretary to Ruth Benedict, who would be collecting Zuni mythology. When she informed Boas of her plan, Boas encouraged her to work on her own research rather than spending her time on secretarial work. He suggested that she study art, specifically potters and their pottery. Elsie Clews Parsons objected to Bunzel (who lacked formal training) conducting her own research in Zuni and threatened to withdraw her financial support of Benedict's mythology project. With Boas's firm backing, Parsons eventually relented and Bunzel was allowed to go to Zuni.

That summer, Bunzel arrived in Zuni with papier maché pots she had made for her informants to paint designs on. She observed the potters at work and also made pottery alongside them. After five weeks she felt she had gathered enough information on the Zuni and moved on to study Hopi, San Ildefonso, and Acoma potters. The results of her research would later produce her dissertation, The Pueblo Potter, A Study of Creative Imagination in Primitive Art, published in 1929.

When she returned to New York, she began work on a draft of The Pueblo Potter and in 1925 resigned as Boas's secretary to become his student at Columbia University. Although she completed her doctoral work and dissertation in 1927, she was not awarded her PhD until 1929 when the The Pueblo Potter was published. (At the time, the university did not confer doctorates until a student's dissertation had been published.) The Pueblo Potter, a landmark work, was the first anthropological study of art and the individual in culture.

From 1924 to 1929 Bunzel spent several summers and winters in Zuni. Parsons, who had initially opposed her first trip, sponsored Bunzel's second trip, this time to study ceremonialism, and other trips and projects. Bunzel's papers on Zuni ceremonialism as well as creation myths, kachinas, and poetry were published in the 47th Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology (1932). Flora Zuni and her family, with whom Bunzel lived when she was in the field, formally adopted her and initiated her into their clan, the Beaver clan. They gave her the Zuni name Maiatitsa, which means "blue bird," a reference to the blue smock that Bunzel often wore while making pottery. Bunzel's second Zuni name, Tsatitsa, was given to her by her primary informant and former governor of the pueblo, Nick Tumaka. After a decade long absence, Bunzel returned to Zuni for her last time in 1939 to study child development.

Having studied the Southwest, Bunzel felt it was natural to also study Mexico. During her interview for a Guggenheim Fellowship, however, the chairman of the foundation persuaded her to study Guatemala, instead, as no American anthropologist had done much work in the area. As a result, from 1930 to 1932 she studied the Highland Mayan village of Santo Tomas Chichicastenango. Her work there resulted in Chichicastenango, A Guatemalan Village, published in 1952. From 1936 to 1937 she also did fieldwork in the village of Chamula in Chiapas, Mexico. Her 1940 article "The Role of Alcoholism in Two Central American Communities" was a comparative study of Chichicastenango and Chamula. During World War II, Bunzel worked in England for the U.S. Government Office of War Information from 1942 to 1945. Having spent some time in Spain during the late 1930s improving her Spanish, she translated broadcasts for Spain as well as incoming broadcasts.

When she returned to New York after the war, she became involved in the Columbia University Research in Contemporary Cultures project [RCC]. Directed by Ruth Benedict and funded by the Office of Naval Research, RCC was composed of research groups, each studying a different culture. From 1947 to 1951, Bunzel led the group studying China, which involved interviewing Chinese immigrants in New York City. The project produced several papers, including her unpublished manuscripts, Explorations in Chinese Culture and An Anthropological Approach to Chinese Communism, which she co-authored with John Hast Weakland.

Early in her career, Bunzel was a lecturer at Barnard College (1929-1930) and at Columbia University (1933-1935, 1937-1940). It was not until 1953 that she was hired as an Adjunct Professor at Columbia. Although the university's official appointment card lists Bunzel as having retired in 1966, she continued to teach at Columbia University after her retirement.

On January 14, 1990, Bunzel passed away at the age of 91.

Sources Consulted

Babcock, Barbara A. and Nancy Parezo. "Ruth Bunzel." Daughters of the Desert. University of New Mexico. 1988.

Fawcett, David M. and Teri McLuhan. "Ruth Leah Bunzel." Women Anthropologists: Selected Biographies. Ed. Ute Gacs, et al. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1989.

Chronology

1898 -- Born April 18 in New York, New York

1918 -- Earns B.A. from Barnard College in European History

1922-1924 -- Secretary and editorial assistant to Franz Boas

1924 -- First trip to Zuni, New Mexico

1925 -- Enrolls in Columbia University's graduate program in anthropology

1925-1929 -- Spends summers and winters conducting fieldwork among the Zuni

1927-1928 -- Studies at University of Chicago

1928-1943 -- Executive Committee Board of AAA

1929 -- Studies at the National University of Mexico Publication of dissertation, The Pueblo Potter, A Study of Creative Imagination in Primitive Art Receives Ph.D. in Anthropology from Columbia University

1929-1930 -- Lecturer at Barnard College

1930-1932 -- Fieldwork in Chichicastenango, Guatemala

1933-1935 -- Lecturer, General Studies and Summer Session, Columbia University

1936-1937 -- Lecturer, General Studies and Summer Session, Columbia University

1939 -- Fieldwork in Zuni studying child development

1942-1945 -- Social Scientist U.S. Government Office of War Information, Propoganda Analysis

1947-1951 -- Director of Chinese Project of Columbia University Research in Contemporary Cultures

1951-1952 -- Works on Bureau of Applied Social Research project on techniques of interviewing

1953 -- Adjunct Professor of Anthropology, Columbia University

1955 -- Research Associate, Institute of Intercultural Studies

1962 -- Teaching-consultant, Columbia University School of Nursing

1969-1987 -- Senior Research Associate, Columbia University

1974-1976 -- Chair, Section H, AAAS

1990 -- Dies January 14 in New York City at the age of 91

Selected Bibliography

1929 -- The Pueblo Potter, A Study of Creative Imagination in Primitive Art. New York: Columbia University Press.

1932 -- "Zuni Ritual Poetry." Ibid. "Introduction to Zuni Ceremonialism." 47th Annual Report, Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution. Washington: Government Printing Office. "Zuni Creation Myths." Ibid. "Zuni Katchinas." Ibid.

1933 -- Zuni Texts. Publications of the American Ethnological Society, Vol. 15. New York: G.E. Stechert and Company.

1938 -- "Zuni Grammar." Handbook of American Indian Languages, Vol. 3. New York: Columbia University Press. "The Economic Organization of Primitive People." Ibid. "Primitive Art." General Anthropology. Boston: D.C. Heath .

1940 -- "The Role of Alcoholism in Two Central American Communities." Psychiatry, Vol 33, pp. 361-387.

1950 -- Explorations in Chinese Culture. Research in Contemporary Cultures, Columbia University. (unpublished report)

1952 -- Chichicastenango, A Guatemalan Village. Publications of the American Ethnological Society, Vol 22. Locust Valley, New York: J. J. Auigustin. with John Weakland. An Anthropological Approach to Chinese Communism. Research in Contemporary Cultures, Columbia University. (unpublished report)

1960 -- edited with Margaret Mead. The Golden Age of American Anthropology. New York: George Braziller.

1966 -- "May Mandelbaum Edel 1909-1964." American Anthropologist, Vol 68, No. 4, pp. 986-989.

1976 -- "Chamula and Chichicastenango: A Reexamination." Cross-Cultural Approaches to the Study of Alcohol. The Hague: Mouton.
Related Collections:
Other materials relating to Ruth Bunzel at the National Anthropological Archives include kachina drawings in MS 4609; correspondence with the Bureau of American Ethnology in MS 4846 and the Records of the Bureau of American Ethnology; and a photograph of Bunzel in Photographic Lot 92-35. The Human Studies Film Archive has a video oral history of Bunzel (HSFA 89.10.8) which was created as part of the "History of Anthropology Series" produced by the University of Florida's Department of Anthropology.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Columbia University's Department of Anthropology.
Restrictions:
Materials with student grades were separated and have been restricted. Most of the restricted materials are not open for access until 2030.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Identifier:
NAA.2006-22
See more items in:
Ruth Leah Bunzel Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2006-22

Artwork

Extent:
2 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
Circa 1930s
Scope and Contents:
This series contains watercolor, crayon, and ink drawings of Hopi and Zuni kachinas that Bunzel collected during her fieldwork in the Southwest. Most of the drawings were already numbered and are thus arranged in numerical order. The drawings in Box 26, most of which have numbers written on the front and back, are arranged according to the numbers on the back.

The drawings in Box 25 were originally stored in a manila envelope with "Zuni Katcinas (Spiers --Parsons)" written on the front. A photocopy of the envelope along with a handwritten list of different Zuni kachinas can be found in the box. The drawings in Box 25 are all of Zuni kachinas and appear to have been drawn by one artist. The Zuni names as well as their common names and possibly Hopi names are written on the back of the drawings.

Box 26 contains drawings of Hopi kachinas mixed with a few of Zuni kachinas. These drawings appear to have been drawn at a later date than the drawings in Box 25. The drawings also appear to have been by 4 or 5 different artists with a few drawings signed by Porter Timeche from Toreva, Arizona. Some of the drawings also have writing on the reverse indicating the name of the kachinas.
Collection Restrictions:
Materials with student grades were separated and have been restricted. Most of the restricted materials are not open for access until 2030.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Identifier:
NAA.2006-22, Series 8
See more items in:
Ruth Leah Bunzel Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2006-22-ref474

Mickey Mouse Kachina

Artist:
Unidentified  Search this
Medium:
carved and painted cottonwood, feathers, and string
Dimensions:
11 3/4 x 5 3/8 x 4 3/4 in. (29.7 x 13.7 x 12.1 cm.)
Type:
Sculpture
Folk Art
Date:
after 1930
Topic:
Cartoon\comics\Mickey Mouse  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Herbert Waide Hemphill, Jr. and museum purchase made possible by Ralph Cross Johnson
Object number:
1986.65.311
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
On View:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Luce Foundation Center, 3rd Floor, 26B
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Luce Foundation Center
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Luce Foundation Center, 3rd Floor
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk73434f9cc-3169-4f4a-872c-bfaf45d33bc9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1986.65.311

Girl Holding Kachina

Artist:
Awa Tsireh, born San Ildefonso Pueblo, NM1898-died San Ildefonso Pueblo, NM ca. 1955  Search this
Medium:
watercolor and ink on paperboard
Dimensions:
sheet: 11 1/4 x 6 in. (28.5 x 15.2 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
ca. 1925-1930
Topic:
Ethnic\Indian  Search this
Dress\ethnic\Indian dress  Search this
Figure female\child\full length  Search this
Object\toy\doll  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Corbin-Henderson Collection, gift of Alice H. Rossin
Object number:
1979.144.42
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7155ac22c-aede-4687-9b89-36e5596fc642
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1979.144.42

Girl Holding Kachina

Artist:
Awa Tsireh, born San Ildefonso Pueblo, NM1898-died San Ildefonso Pueblo, NM ca. 1955  Search this
Medium:
watercolor and ink on paperboard
Dimensions:
sheet: 11 1/8 x 6 in. (28.3 x 15.3 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
ca. 1925-1930
Topic:
Ethnic\Indian  Search this
Dress\ethnic\Indian dress  Search this
Figure female\child\full length  Search this
Object\toy\doll  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Corbin-Henderson Collection, gift of Alice H. Rossin
Object number:
1979.144.43
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk73f0ec721-5d18-4f0c-aa19-2c4effcebc58
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1979.144.43

Girl Holding Kachina

Artist:
Awa Tsireh, born San Ildefonso Pueblo, NM1898-died San Ildefonso Pueblo, NM ca. 1955  Search this
Medium:
watercolor, ink and pencil on paperboard
Dimensions:
sheet: 11 1/8 x 6 in. (28.4 x 15.2 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
ca. 1925-1930
Topic:
Ethnic\Indian  Search this
Dress\ethnic\Indian dress  Search this
Figure female\child\full length  Search this
Object\toy\doll  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Corbin-Henderson Collection, gift of Alice H. Rossin
Object number:
1979.144.44
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7757b6cb9-f49c-4d0b-9716-043c2f954440
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1979.144.44

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