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Jefferson Medical College

Container:
Box 23 of 55
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2019; Transferring office; 3/2/1988 memorandum, Massa to Fleckner; Contact reference staff for details.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 06-089, Archives of American Art, Departmental Records
See more items in:
Departmental Records
Departmental Records / Box 23
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa06-089-refidd1e6078

on Eakins, Jefferson Medical College

Collection Creator:
Goodrich, Lloyd, 1897-1987  Search this
Container:
Box 16, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1970
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Lloyd Goodrich papers, 1884-1987, bulk 1927-1987. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Lloyd Goodrich papers
Lloyd Goodrich papers / Series 3: Writings and Research Files / 3.3: Lectures and Talks
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ebcf1dcd-bbc3-4f64-bc18-8523c35973a0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-goodlloy-ref975

Jefferson Medical College medal, United States, 1875

Obverse engraver:
Barber, William  Search this
Reverse engraver:
Barber, William  Search this
Manufacturer:
United States Mint  Search this
Physical Description:
struck (overall production method)
bronze (overall metal)
circular (overall shape)
Measurements:
overall: 36 mm; x 1 7/16 in
Object Name:
medal
Place made:
United States
Place of issue:
United States
Date made:
1875
Credit Line:
Exchange: Bowers & Merena (Mexican Silver)
ID Number:
1986.0492.0031
Catalog number:
1986.0492.0031
Accession number:
1986.0492
See more items in:
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-3c4d-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1082489

Dental Articulator

Measurements:
overall: 2 in x 4 1/4 in x 4 1/2 in; 5.08 cm x 10.795 cm x 11.43 cm
Object Name:
articulators
Other Terms:
Dentistry
Credit Line:
Gift of University of Pennsylvania School of Dentistry
ID Number:
MG.M-08869
Catalog number:
M-08869
Accession number:
218383
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-4d89-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_729401

Dr. Thomas Dent Mutter

Artist:
Montgomery P. Simons, 1816 - 1859  Search this
Sitter:
Thomas Dent Mutter, 09 Mar 1811 - 19 Mar 1859  Search this
Medium:
Half-plate daguerreotype
Dimensions:
Image/Sight: 11.6 × 8.9 cm (4 9/16 × 3 1/2")
Case open: 15.7 × 24.5 × 1 cm (6 3/16 × 9 5/8 × 3/8")
Case closed: 15.7 × 12.5 × 2 cm (6 3/16 × 4 15/16 × 13/16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1846
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry  Search this
Interior  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Pin  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Muttonchops  Search this
Cased object  Search this
Thomas Dent Mutter: Male  Search this
Thomas Dent Mutter: Health and Medicine\Physician\Surgeon  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; purchased through the Marc Pachter Acquisitions Fund, Jon and Lillian Lovelace; partial gift of Stanley B. Burns, MD and The Burns Archive
Object number:
NPG.2014.110
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4f1e9da56-f3b2-4188-8cd9-c7c7d9ea65af
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2014.110
Online Media:

Dental Articulator

Measurements:
overall: 3 in x 4 1/2 in x 4 1/8 in; 7.62 cm x 11.43 cm x 10.4775 cm
Object Name:
Articulator, Bonwill
articulator
Other Terms:
Articulator, Bonwill; Dentistry
Credit Line:
Gift of University of Pennsylvania School of Dentistry
ID Number:
MG.M-09205
Catalog number:
M-09205
Accession number:
218383
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-6b24-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_735097
Online Media:

Electro-Magnetic Dental Mallet

Maker:
S. S. White Dental Manufacturing Company  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 14.2 cm x 2.8 cm x 1.3 cm; 5 9/16 in x 1 1/8 in x 1/2 in
overall: 1.8 cm x 14.2 cm x 1.1 cm; 11/16 in x 5 9/16 in x 7/16 in
Object Name:
Mallet, Electro-Magnetic
Other Terms:
Mallet, Electro-Magnetic; Dentistry
Place made:
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Credit Line:
Gift of University of Pennsylvania School of Dentistry
ID Number:
MG.M-08743
Catalog number:
M-08743
Accession number:
218383
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-8827-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_725499

Obstetrical Forceps

Measurements:
overall: 3 7/8 in x 3 1/8 in x 16 1/2 in; 9.8425 cm x 7.9375 cm x 41.91 cm
Object Name:
Forceps, Obstetrical, Wallace
obstetrical forceps
Other Terms:
Forceps, Obstetrical, Wallace; Medicine
Date made:
ca 1890
Subject:
Women's Health  Search this
Credit Line:
from Edgar Haybeck, M.D., Obstetric & Gynecology, Centreal Medico-Surgical Clinic, West Allis WI
ID Number:
MG.316358.16
Catalog number:
316358.16
Accession number:
316358
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-7014-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_734645

Surgical Set

Maker:
Reynders, John  Search this
Physical Description:
wood, mahogany? (overall material)
cloth, velvet (overall material)
metal, brass (overall material)
metal, steel (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 in x 16 5/8 in x 7 3/4 in; 7.62 cm x 42.2275 cm x 19.685 cm
Object Name:
surgical set
Other Terms:
Surgical Set; General Surgery; Major Surgery
Subject:
Surgery  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of the State of Maryland
ID Number:
MG.302606.267
Accession number:
302606
Catalog number:
302606.267
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-c42a-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1056460
Online Media:

Professor William S. Forbes

Artist:
Thomas Cowperthwaite Eakins, 25 Jul 1844 - 25 Jun 1916  Search this
Sitter:
William S. Forbes, 1831 - 17 Dec 1905  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
213.4 x 121.9cm (84 x 48")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1905
Topic:
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Printed Material\Papers  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Interior\Academic  Search this
Nature & Environment\Bone\Skull  Search this
Human Figures  Search this
William S. Forbes: Male  Search this
William S. Forbes: Health and Medicine\Physician  Search this
William S. Forbes: Literature\Writer\Medical  Search this
William S. Forbes: Education\Educator\Professor\Medicine  Search this
William S. Forbes: Education\Educator\Professor\Anatomy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University
Object number:
PA990069
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm464b076df-752d-4092-902c-1bb3c55cef4f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_PA990069

William Jones Rhees Collection

Extent:
25.72 cu. ft. (50 document boxes) (2 5x8 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Clippings
Date:
circa 1878-1907
Descriptive Entry:
The William J. Rhees Collection consists of the remains of his Manuscript and Newspaper Scrap portfolio files. The dates of the material indicate that Rhees was collecting these papers from the beginning of his tenure at the Smithsonian, but the files were not organized until 1891 when he was appointed keeper of the Archives. The collection is mainly comprised of subject and biographic files, which include manuscripts, memoranda, letters and other correspondence, newspaper clippings, excerpts from the Congressional Record and Smithsonian Annual Report, printed circulars, and publications. Although Rhees generated these files as chief clerk and keeper of the Archives, he collected information that pertained to his own interests as well as those of the Smithsonian. It is likely that he used these files as resources when writing his histories of the Institution and in compiling volumes of documents pertaining to its establishment and operations.

Series 1 comprises alphabetically arranged subject files. A large number of these subject files document the activities and interests of major Smithsonian operations. These include the Bureau of Ethnology, the United States National Museum, the National Zoological Park, the Board of Regents, and the Office of Exchanges. Also included are files with information on the expenditures, finances, document storage, inventories, and other routine activities of the Institution. Especially important is material relating to the publications of the Smithsonian, including works that involved Rhees personally.

The collection also contains material on scientific subjects of interest to the Institution as a whole and to the individual secretaries for whom Rhees worked. These fields include acoustics, aeronautics, archaeology, astronomy, botany, entomology, genealogy, geography, meteorology, mineralogy, and topography.

Clubs and organizations not directly affiliated with the Smithsonian are also represented in this collection. Some of these groups are the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Historical Association, the Carnegie Institution, the Sons and Daughters of the American Revolution, and the Y.M.C.A.

Series 2 contains biographical files on almost two hundred individuals. Most of these people were either noted figures in their scientific field or affiliated with the Smithsonian; some were both. Although most of the files are limited to newspaper articles published after the person's death, others contain speeches, papers, and more extensive biographical information. Also included are obituary notices for Rhees himself. These files are arranged alphabetically by subject's last name.

Series 3 includes information on the library and the beginnings of the archives. Files contain letters to and from Rhees on the founding of the archives, listings of library and archival inventories, and indices and journals used for establishing control over archival material. Although these records resemble the assorted indices and journals in Record Unit 64 (Chief Clerk's Records), they relate more to Rhees' work as keeper of the Archives than to his duties as chief clerk. This series contains records of the fireproof vault through 1945, postdating Rhees' death.

Record Unit 7081 is by no means the only record of Rhees' work at the Smithsonian. Record Units 64-67 contain indexed correspondence to and from Secretaries Baird and Langley; forms, circulars, and blanks; and other material that Rhees would have acquired and been responsible for as chief clerk. Given the presence of similar files in Record Unit 7081, it seems likely that Rhees transferred some files from his official records to another location for use on his projects for publication; these transferred files helped form what is now known as Record Unit 7081, The William J. Rhees Collection. Another collection of Rhees papers was sold to the Huntington Library by Rhees' widow in 1922. The documents in this collection were probably of special significance or perceived value for Rhees, since he kept these documents at home rather than among his files at the Smithsonian. Nathan Reingold described the Rhees collection at the Huntington in a speech that was later published as "The Anatomy of a Collection: The Rhees Papers," American Archivist 27 (1964): 251-259. Microfilm copies of the Huntington collection have been placed in the Henry Papers, Record Unit 7001.
Historical Note:
William Jones Rhees was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1830, the only son of Benjamin Rush Rhees and Margaret Grace Evans Rhees. Dr. Rhees was a prominent physician and one of the founders and first faculty members of Jefferson Medical College; he died in 1831, and William lived with his grandmother for much of his childhood. He had many educational advantages in his early life and graduated from Philadelphia's Central High School in 1647.

After graduating he went to Meadville, Pennsylvania, and took a position as clerk and draughtsman for the Holland Land Company; three years later he moved to Washington, D.C., and was appointed a clerk in the Census Office in the Department of the Interior. Although only twenty years old, he had charge of the Division of Social Statistics and a large force of clerks under him. While at the Census Office he acted as secretary to the Executive Committee of the United States on the Industrial Exposition in London in 1851, the first great World's Fair.

When Rhees moved to Washington in 1850, he carried with him a letter of introduction to Joseph Henry from his uncle, Nicholas Murray, who must have been acquainted with Henry at Princeton. Henry acted on Rhees' behalf when his position at the Census Office was terminated in 1853, but Rhees let it be known that he had been reinstated only on a temporary basis and would appreciate a position at the Smithsonian if one opened up. Later that year Rhees was hired as a "general assistant" and private secretary to Joseph Henry, and by 1855 he held the position of chief clerk. He left the Institution in 1870 to pursue the stationery business in Springfield (state unspecified) but was gone less than a year. He continued as chief clerk under Spencer F. Baird, and by a special act of Congress served as secretary of the Institution when Baird was absent. After Baird's death and Samuel P. Langley's appointment as secretary, Rhees was asked to take the position of the first keeper of the Archives in 1891.

Although Rhees' job titles may give the impression that his work was limited in scope, an examination of his job description proves otherwise; among the sixty-six duties he lists are: opening and directing all mail; furnishing any information or data called for by the Secretary; preparing all contracts, finances, and estimates for appropriations; reading proofs of Smithsonian publications and supervising drawings, engravings, and illustrations; acting as secretary to the Board of Regents and preparing a Journal of Proceedings; and having charge of the Archives. After the completion of the National Museum in 1881, he gained additional responsibilities as a liaison between the Museum and the Smithsonian Institution.

Rhees was a prolific writer and editor of Smithsonian history. He wrote An Account of the Smithsonian Institution in 1857, which briefly described the history and organization of the Institution and served as a guide to the National Museum. Rhees also produced editions of the Account in 1858-59, 1863-66, and 1869. His Visitor's Guide to the Smithsonian Institution, published in 1880-87, 1889, and 1891-92 served a similar function but contained fewer details of the Smithsonian's history. He traced the ancestry and life of the Institution's founder in James Smithson and his Bequest (1879), and the next year edited The Scientific Writings of James Smithson (1880). Acting as secretary to the Board of Regents, he edited The Smithsonian Institution: Journal of the Board of Regents, Reports of Committees, Statistics, etc. (1879). His Manual of Public Libraries, Institutions, and Societies in the United States and British Provinces of North America (1859) recommended guidelines for the construction of library buildings, classification of volumes, and local organization and exchanges. The list of libraries included in the volume was often reprinted.

Rhees' work with Smithsonian publications produced List of Publications of the Smithsonian Institution (1874, 1879, 1896, and 1903) and Catalogue of Publications of the Smithsonian Institution (1882, 1886, and 1889). He followed the network of academic associations with the Institution in List of the Institutions, Libraries, Colleges, and other Establishments in the United States in Correspondence with the Smithsonian Institution (1872, 1886).

Rhees' most significant contributions to Smithsonian history came later in his career. He compiled and edited The Smithsonian Institution: Documents Relative to Its Origin and History (1879), which included Smithson's will, Congressional records of debate over the acceptance of the bequest and the organization of the Institution, and other documents important to its early history. The second edition of the Documents book, published in 1901, contained documents through 1899 as well as a revised version of the 1879 volume. He also contributed to The Smithsonian Institution, 1846-1896: The History of Its First Half-Century (1897), edited by Assistant Secretary George Brown Goode. His chronology, "Principal Events in the History of the Smithsonian Institution" appeared as an appendix to the book, and his biographical sketches of the Regents were printed in the chapter on the Board of Regents.

In addition to his responsibilities at the Smithsonian, Rhees was actively involved in other organizations. He helped found and served as president of the Young Men's Christian Association of Washington, and was active in its philanthropic work during the Civil War. He was a member and officer of the District chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution and compiled the Register of the District of Columbia Society of the Sons of the American Revolution (1896) and its Yearbook (1897). He retained his interest in public schools, serving as a trustee in the District for eight years. At the time of his death, he was also a member of the Anthropological Society, the District of Columbia Historical Society, the National Geographic Society, and the Pennsylvania Historical Society.

Rhees served as a correspondent on special topics for many national and local newspapers, and his strong association with the press is evidenced in the number and variety of newspaper clippings in this collection.

Little is known of his family and personal life. He was married to Laura O. Clark, with whom he had a daughter, Fannie Augusta. After the death of his first wife he married Romenia F. Ellis, and they had five children: William Henry, Charles Frank, Grace Margaret, Flora Gertrude, and Benjamin Rush.

Rhees served at the Smithsonian almost until his death in 1907 and was remembered in a memorial resolution of the Board of Regents as a "trustworthy officer," "born archivist," and "model citizen."
Chronology:
March 13, 1830 -- Born in Philadelphia, son of Dr. Benjamin Rush Rhees and Margaret Grace Evans Rhees.

1847 -- Graduated from Central High School and went to Meadville, Pennsylvania, for position at the Holland Land Company.

1850 -- Came to Washington, D.C., as a clerk in the Census Office of the Department of the Interior; carried letter of introduction to Joseph Henry.

1851 -- Served as secretary to the Executive Committee of the United States for the Industrial Exhibition in London.

1852 -- Co-founded the Y.M.C.A. in Washington, D.C.

1853 -- Appointed "general assistant" and personal secretary to Joseph Henry at the Smithsonian Institution; later became Chief Clerk.

1856 -- Named president of the Y.M.C.A.

1859 -- Compiled Manual of Public Libraries, Institutions, and Societies in the United States and British Provinces of North America.

1879 -- Completed The Smithsonian Institution: Journals of the Board of the Regents, Reports of Committees, Statistics, etc. and The Smithsonian Institution: Documents Relative to Its Origin and History, both of which he compiled and edited.

1880 -- Wrote James Smithson and His Bequest.

1884 -- Appointed acting secretary in the absence of Secretary Baird.

1891 -- Appointed keeper of the Archives.

1897 -- Published "Principal Events in the History of the the Smithsonian Institution," and biographical sketches of Smithsonian Regents in The Smithsonian Institution, 1846-1896: The History of its First Half-Century.

1900 -- Elected vice-president of the Sons of the American Revolution.

1901 -- Completed the two-volume compilation, The Smithsonian Institution: Documents Relative to Its Origin and History, 1835-1899.

March 17, 1907 -- Died in Washington, D.C.
Topic:
Biography  Search this
History  Search this
Museum archives  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Clippings
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7081, William Jones Rhees Collection
Identifier:
Record Unit 7081
See more items in:
William Jones Rhees Collection
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7081

Chevalier Jackson Papers

Creator:
Jackson, Chevalier, Dr., 1865-1958 (physician)  Search this
Names:
Jefferson Medical College.  Search this
Temple University.  Search this
University of Pennsylvania  Search this
University of Pittsburgh.  Search this
University of Western Pennsylvania.  Search this
Western Medical College.  Search this
Women's College of Pennsylvania.  Search this
Foster, Gilmore  Search this
Jackson, William Stanford  Search this
Mackenzie, Morell  Search this
Morage, Katherine Ann  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Medical Sciences  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (8 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Legal documents
Clippings
Biographies
Autobiographies
Books
Photographs
Correspondence
Personal papers
Place:
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Date:
1883-1955
Summary:
Collection documents Chevalier Jackson, a physician and an American pioneer in the field of endoscopy.
Scope and Contents:
The Jackson papers include autobiographical notes, a draft of a brief biography for the National Cyclopedia of America Biography, some business papers among which are correspondence relating to a mill and to repairs to a dam, several legal papers including those concerned with real estate mortgages, and letters to and from Mrs. Jackson and household servants.

There are mementos such as dried flowers, family snapshots, final notes from Dr. Jackson to his wife, advising her of actions to be taken upon his death, and drafts of his obituary. There are a number of photographs, and negatives, primarily of Dr. Jackson.

The articles, reports and reprints are primarily by Dr. Jackson but include a few by or with his son and a few by other physicians. The papers include proofs and color proofs of equipment and procedures relating to Jackson publications and four books, one of which is by Dr. Jackson.

The material, most of which is relatively recent, is in good condition. Some of the notes are in pencil but are legible.

In addition to the papers in the Archives Center, the Division of Medical Sciences has a large number of surgical instruments including Dr. Jackson's bronchoscopes, esophagoscopes, laryngoscopes and microscopes, awards and medals, items of furniture from Dr. Jackson's study and oil paintings by him. The list of instruments is seven single-spaced pages. There are many Chevalier Jackson papers and memorabilia in the National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, the Library and Museum of the College of Physicians, Philadelphia and the Library of Temple University.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into nine series.

Series 1: Personal Papers

Series 2: Correspondence

Series 3: Legal Papers (including mortgages)

Series 4: Newsclippings, Articles and Book Reviews

Series 5: Photographs

Series 6: Chronological Journal

Series 7: Reports and Reprints

Series 8: Illustrations and Proofs

Series 9: Books
Biographical / Historical:
Chevalier Jackson, a physician and an American pioneer in the field of endoscopy, was born November 14, 1865 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and died August 16, 1958 in Philadelphia. His father, William Stanford Jackson, was a stock raiser and veterinarian. His mother was Katherine Ann Morage. Family financial reverses forced a move to Crafton, Pennsylvania, a working class community. Young Chevalier was not readily accepted by his classmates and seemed to have had a difficult time during his school years there. Money earned by decorating glass and pottery enabled Chevalier Jackson to attend the University of Western Pennsylvania (University of Pittsburgh) from 1878 to 1882. He then apprenticed himself to a local physician, Gilmore Foster. Continuing to paint china at night he earned enough to enroll at the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia in 1884, from which he graduated in 1886. During vacations he sold medical books and served as a cook on a fishing boat. Following his graduation from Jefferson Dr. Jackson went to England to pursue his interest in laryngology under a world-famous authority, Morell Mackenzie.

Upon his return to Pittsburgh, Dr. Jackson opened an office limited to the practice of laryngology. His patients were mostly indigent and income from the practice was limited. In 1890 he devised an instrument to remove a dental plate that a patient had swallowed. The news of this meant referral of other patients with similar problems that caused obstruction of the esophagus, including blockages in children from swallowing lye. From that time on Dr. Jackson carried on an unremitting campaign to have lye bottles labeled as poison, until in 1927 Congress passed the Federal Caustic Labeling Act.

On July 9, 1899, Chevalier Jackson and Alice Bennett White were married. They had one child, Chevalier Lawrence Jackson, who also became a surgeon. In the year of his marriage, Dr. Jackson developed a bronchoscope that could be passed through the larynx to visualize the bronchi. He became chief of laryngology at Western Medical College in 1900. In 1902 he adapted a suggestion of placing a light carrier at the far ends of the scopes used in bronchscopy and esophagoscopy, thus making those procedures relatively safe. He and a machinist friend built the instruments in the friend's shop in Pittsburgh.

Dr. Jackson developed tuberculosis in 1911. He spent the two years of convalescence writing an important text book, Peroral Endoscopy and Laryngeal Surgery, published in 1915, the year he was made head of the Department of Laryngology at Jefferson Medical College. Appointments at the Graduate School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania followed, and his 1930 appointment to the faculty at Temple meant that Chevalier Jackson held simultaneous appointments at five Philadelphia schools. He later relinquished all appointments except the chair at Temple from which he retired in 1938 to be succeeded by his son, Chevalier Lawrence Jackson. From 1935 to 1941 Chevalier Jackson was president of the Women's College of Pennsylvania. An early advocate of equal rights, he championed the role of women in medicine.

During his noted career Dr. Jackson wrote 250 papers, twelve text books, chapters in a number of other books, and an autobiography (1938). He was somewhat eccentric. He protected his hands by wearing silk gloves, even in summer, turned doorknobs by placing his hand in his coat pocket, preferred bowing to shaking hands, and developed a reputation for social aloofness.
Materials at the National Museum of American History:
The Division of Medicine and Science has surgical instruments, awards, medals, furniture, and oil paintings owned by Chevalier Jackson. See accession numbers are 300428.338 through .343.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Mrs. Joan Bugbee (a granddaughter of Dr. Jackson), date unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but a portion of the collection is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Surgeons  Search this
Topic:
Laryngoscopy  Search this
Esophagus  Search this
Esophagoscopy  Search this
Endoscopy  Search this
Bronchoscopy  Search this
Physicians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Legal documents
Clippings
Biographies
Autobiographies
Books
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Personal papers
Citation:
Chevalier Jackson Papers, 1883-1960, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0023
See more items in:
Chevalier Jackson Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep871f2b21c-4046-40e6-a5e0-d03dcb692614
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0023
Online Media:

Colonel Charles Edward Woodruff photographs from California

Creator:
Woodruff, Charles Edward, 1860-1915  Search this
Extent:
13 Negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Hupa  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Place:
Humboldt County (Calif.)
Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation (Calif.)
Date:
1890
Summary:
This collection includes negatives (photographic) made by Charles Edward Woodruff in 1890 among the Hupa community in California, with locations including Humboldt, County Hoopa Valley Reservation, and the cemetery at Matilton.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is currently unprocessed. Negatives (photographic) include N11784-N11796.
Arrangement:
Arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Edward Woodruff was born in Philadelphia on October 2, 1860, to David S. and Mary J. Remster Woodruff. He attended Philadelphia's Central High School and graduated in arts at the University of Pennsylvania. Woodruff went on to attend the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis for three years, but rather than finishing his education as a naval officer, left the Naval Academy to study medicine. He transferred to Jefferson Medical College, graduating in 1886. Following his graduation, Woodruff entered the navy as an assistant surgeon. After one year, he was transferred to the army Medical Corps, where he eventually rose to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. While in the army Medical Corps, he served two terms in the Philippines, which inspired him to write his controversial books "The Effect of Tropical Light on White Men," "Expansion of Races," and "Medical Ethnology." He retired from the army due to poor health in 1913. After his retirement, he traveled extensively and studied medical topics, on which he published many pamphlets. In 1914, he became associate editor of American Medicine. He married and had two sons. On June 13, 1915, he died at his home in New Rochelle, New York, from arteriosclerosis.

For Woodruff's obituary, see "Charles Edward Woodruff," British Medical Journal on PubMed Central.
Provenance:
Accession information currently unknown.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

Restrictions: N11785, N11787, N11789, N11791, N11792, N11794 are restricted due to cultural sensitivity. Collection materials reviewed by Leo Carpenter, Hoopa tribal member of Yurok and Karok descent, in 1998.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Colonel Charles Edward Woodruff photographs from California, image #, NMAI.AC.138; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.138
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv40d7c1e0c-5bc5-407a-9fce-30f497a8e63d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-138

The Gross Clinic, [photomechanical print]

Artist:
Eakins, Thomas 1844-1916  Search this
Subject:
Gross, Samuel D  Search this
Physical description:
1 photomechanical print : color
Type:
Photomechanical prints
Date:
1875
Topic:
Architecture interior--Civic--Hospital  Search this
Portrait male--Waist length  Search this
Occupation--Medicine--Surgeon  Search this
Occupation--Education--Teacher  Search this
Image number:
LOC LC000672
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Library of Congress Copyright Deposit Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_138045

Jefferson Medical College

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 8, Folder 17
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1865-1882-1904
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Medicine, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Medicine
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Medicine / 6: Medicine Institutes & Medical Colleges Institutes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8f759440f-f394-4adb-84b5-61d365098129
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-medicine-ref1108

Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1880-1893
Scope and Contents:
Letters
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Hospitals, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Hospitals
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Hospitals / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other / 1: Hospitals
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a7b6fc04-69e6-4a71-b180-89792560388a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-hospitals-ref557

Dr. Joseph Underwood Hall, Jr. Papers

Creator:
Hall, Joseph Underwood, Jr.  Search this
Donor:
Downs, Darian  Search this
Extent:
4 Cubic feet (13 boxes and 2 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Letters (correspondence)
Photographs
Date:
1780-1976, undated
Summary:
The collection primarily documents the personal life and medical career of Dr. Joseph Underwood Hall Jr. Hall who was among the first to use the new X-ray technology and built his own X-ray machine.
Scope and Contents:
Collection primarily documents the personal life and medical career of Dr. Joseph Underwood Hall Jr. There is a substantial amount of material relating to both his paternal and maternal families. The collection is arranged into two series. Series one contains the personal papers of Dr. Joseph Underwood Hall Jr. Series two consists of the personal papers of his family.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1: Dr. Joseph Underwood Hall Jr., 1868-1967, undated

Series 2: Hall, White and Montague Families, 1780-1976, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Dr. Joseph Underwood Hall Jr. was born on February 9, 1868 at Gold Hill, Story County, Nevada, the second child of Dr. Joseph Underwood Hall Sr. (1822-1898) and Katherine Bess White (1844-1918). Hall received his primary education at Gold Hill High School where he graduated in 1883 at the age of fifteen. Upon graduation, he left Nevada and traveled to San Francisco, California where he worked at a drug store while pursuing an education at the University of California School of Pharmacy. Following this phase of his education, he acquired a position at the Quicksilver Mining Company in New Almaden, California as a clerk and druggist for the Miners Fund Dispensary. In 1886, Hall studied medicine under Dr. S. E. Winn and assisted him in visiting patients, prescribing treatments, and performing surgical procedures. In 1887, Hall attended Cooper Medical College and served as chief assistant at Dr. L. C. Lane's private clinic. Upon completion of this course of study, he moved to Philadelphia to attend Jefferson Medical College where he received his medical degree in April 1889.

Dr. Hall returned to California, in the summer of 1889, and served as resident physician to the Quicksilver Mining Company in New Almaden, California, remaining there until 1894. He then pursued more medical training in Chicago and New York before returning to San Jose, California. He married Grace May Spencer (1871-1954), the daughter of Judge Francis Elias Spencer (1835-1898) and Mary Catherine Pray (1838-1903) on December 27, 1894 and opened a medical practice. To this union four children were born: Francis Spencer Hall (1896-1998), Joseph Underwood Hall III (1906-1907), Marshall Spencer Hall (1908-1990), and Marian Catherine Hall (1910-2003).

It was during this time Hall began working with the O'Connor Sanitarium and remained a valuable employee for twenty-five years. On September 17, 1917, the United States Army appointed him Captain in the medical section of the Officer's Reserve Corps. He served on active duty at Fort Riley, Kansas until December 15, 1918. Upon his discharge, he opened a medical office in San Francisco, California. He continued to open offices throughout California during his medical career serving the local communities well. Dr. Hall's significance to the medical profession is his use of the new X-ray technology and the creation of his own X-ray machine, which is documented in this collection.

Dr. Joseph Underwood Hall Jr. died on October 25, 1946 at the age of seventy-eight in San Francisco, California as the result of a rare type of bone cancer. He had attended the medical needs of others for fifty-seven years.
Related Materials:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Central Film Service Collection (AC1247)

Robert Ledley Papers (AC1135)

Dr. Edward H. Angle Orthodontics Papers (AC0724)

James W. Queen & Company Collection (AC0015)

Elmer Gates Papers (AC1123)

Medical Sciences Film Collection (AC0222)
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives Center in 2014 by Dr. Hall's granddaughter, Darian Downs.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Mining -- California  Search this
Physicians -- California  Search this
X-rays  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence)
Photographs
Citation:
Dr. Joseph Underwood Hall Jr. Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1317
See more items in:
Dr. Joseph Underwood Hall, Jr. Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8d579430d-68ba-4c49-bf68-7be43c842212
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1317
Online Media:

Dr. Joseph Underwood Hall Jr.

Collection Creator:
Hall, Joseph Underwood, Jr.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1868-1967, undated
Scope and Contents:
Materials document the personal and professional life of Dr. Joseph Underwood Hall, Jr. Some of these materials relate to his early education and his medical training including graduation essays. Correspondence date from 1884-1945 and include information about both his personal and profession activities. There is a small amount of information relating to his military career. A scrapbook compiled by Dr. Hall contains poetry; quotations; writings, including his opinion about women's suffrage; articles on medical subjects and his X-Ray experiments; people he knew in San Jose; articles about the New Almaden mine; speeches; announcements and invitations for events; items relating to Jefferson Medical College; and photographs of Dr. Hall, his family, his homes, his offices, the town of New Almaden, and his x-ray machine. In addition, to these materials is a pocket diary containing accounting notes and addresses. A ledger book from the New Almaden Mine details accounting activities dating from 1890-1893. Lastly, there are a few cashbooks. The materials are arranged in chronological order.

Box seven contains inactive mold present on the materials, which has been reduced with surface cleaning and vacuuming. Mold is dormant, but spores may spread and reactivate in certain conditions. Please practice the following hygiene guidelines to keep yourself and the collections safe. Photo-safe (nitrile synthetic, non-latex) gloves must be used when handling these materials. If you have difficulty writing or keyboarding notes, wear one glove on your non-dominant hand to turn pages while leaving the other ungloved. Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, nose while and immediately after handling contents. Wash hands thoroughly after use. Persons with allergic sensitivities or breathing conditions should consider wearing an N-95 particulate mask when paging through these volumes. Gloves and masks are available from Reference staff. Gloves, masks should be discarded after use. Surfaces should be cleaned afterwards.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Dr. Joseph Underwood Hall Jr. Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1317, Series 1
See more items in:
Dr. Joseph Underwood Hall, Jr. Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep80735fd19-dd61-4043-b41d-2abb3f45c90d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1317-ref11

[Marion Spencer Hall's Travel Diary]

Author:
Hall, Joseph Underwood, 1881-1936  Search this
Collection Creator:
Hall, Joseph Underwood, Jr.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (8.5" x 7.1".)
Container:
Box 6, Folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Date:
1928 August 17 to 1928 September 14
1928
Scope and Contents:
Travel diary written by Marion Spencer Hall while on a trip across Europe in 1928..
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Travel -- Europe  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries -- 20th century
Collection Citation:
Dr. Joseph Underwood Hall Jr. Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Dr. Joseph Underwood Hall, Jr. Papers
Dr. Joseph Underwood Hall, Jr. Papers / Series 2: Hall, White, and Montague Families
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep898004077-515d-446d-b890-662c0ae5107e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1317-ref94
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View [Marion Spencer Hall's Travel Diary] digital asset number 1
Online Media:

J. Curtis Lamp Papers

Donor:
Lamp, Robert A.  Search this
Creator:
Lamp, J. Curtis  Search this
Extent:
2 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Journals (periodicals)
Medical notes
Reports
Writings
Photographs
Correspondence
Photograph albums
Date:
1942 - 1988
Scope and Contents:
The papers document the life and career of surgeon J. Curtis Lamp, a plastic surgeon who specialized in reconstructive facial surgery for soldiers with traumatic combat injuries. The collection includes case studies, statistics, photographs of patients (some are close-ups of their injuries), journal articles by Dr. Lamp and by others, letters between Lamp and his wife during Lamp's military service, Lamp's and his wife's wedding album, a resume, writings about medical subjects, medical illustrations (including photographic copies of illustrations), papers relating to Lamp's military and veteran's status, notes on surgical procedures, and miscellaneous reports on medical subjects.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Dr. Lamp was educated at Princeton University, Jefferson Medical College and interned at Bryn Mawr. He founded and was Chief of Plastic Surgery at Bryn Mawr Hospital and Chief of Maxillofacial Service at Delaware County Memorial Hospital. He also served at Temple University, Montgomery, University of Pennsylvania, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and Alfred I. DuPont Institute Hospitals. He was a veteran of the U.S. Army Medical Corps. He died in 2015.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center by Robert A. Lamp, Dr. Lamp's son, 2016.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Medicine  Search this
Physicians  Search this
Surgeons  Search this
Topic:
Face -- Surgery  Search this
Surgery, Plastic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Journals (periodicals) -- 20th century
Medical notes -- 20th century
Reports -- 20th century
Writings -- 20th century
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 1940-1950
Photograph albums -- 20th century
Citation:
J. Curtis Lamp Papers, 1942-1988, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1412
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8d69ddc82-4156-4a46-b5b9-8d1dc5053c62
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1412

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