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Camera, Imager, Viking Mars Lander

Manufacturer:
ITEK Corporation  Search this
Materials:
Resin Impregnated Fiberglass
Aluminum
Beryllium
Ferrous Alloy
Glass
Synthetic Fiber Fabric
Plastics
Paint
Electrical Wiring
Ink
Dimensions:
3-D (Overall): 59.1 × 26cm (1 ft. 11 1/4 in. × 10 1/4 in.)
Type:
SPACECRAFT-Uncrewed-Instruments & Payloads
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Inventory Number:
A19810661000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC
Exhibition:
Kenneth C. Griffin Exploring the Planets Gallery
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv94cf93913-bc1f-4a43-a1bb-ca8c19d442da
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19810661000

Model, Sensor, Large Format Camera

Manufacturer:
ITEK Corporation  Search this
Materials:
Aluminum, plastic, wood
Dimensions:
Approximate (assembled): 2 ft. 9 in. deep x 4 ft. 4 in. tall x 2 ft. 9 in. wide (83.82 x 132.08 x 83.82cm). Support (display attachment): 2 ft. 7 in. diameter x 2 ft. 1 in. tall (78.74 x 63.5cm). Weight: 113 kg (250 lbs).
Type:
MODELS-Uncrewed Spacecraft & Parts
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Gift of ITEK Corporation
Inventory Number:
A19850653000
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9108187ac-9263-453d-bdb8-107a015612a8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19850653000
Online Media:

Camera, Corona, KH-4B

Manufacturer:
ITEK Corporation  Search this
Materials:
Metal, glass, polyester film
Dimensions:
Overall: 68 × 62 × 65 in., 514.8kg (172.7 × 157.5 × 165.1cm, 1135lb.)
Type:
SPACECRAFT-Uncrewed-Instruments & Payloads
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from the National Reconnaissance Office.
Inventory Number:
A19950117000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv95e5e3f54-86ce-4eaf-bec1-18c89e28b0c2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19950117000
Online Media:

Camera, Lens, Petzval, Corona

Manufacturer:
ITEK Corporation  Search this
Materials:
Lens--optical glass
Lens case--magnesium alloy
Tail cone--titanium
For additional documentation, see the Corona Program Event; link found under the "Related" tab.
Dimensions:
3-D (see note): 86 × 18.8 × 20.5cm, 10.7kg (2 ft. 9 7/8 in. × 7 3/8 in. × 8 1/16 in., 23.5lb.)
Type:
SPACECRAFT-Uncrewed-Instruments & Payloads
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Gift of Hughes Danbury Optical Systems.
Inventory Number:
A19960624000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Hangar:
James S. McDonnell Space Hangar
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv99521765b-7af2-4675-a899-27120aaac0b6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19960624000

Camera, Lens, Index, Corfona

Manufacturer:
ITEK Corporation  Search this
Materials:
Aluminum, Steel, Paint, Glass, Synthetic Fabric, Epoxy, Rubber (Silicone), Plastic, Nylon, Gold plating, Adhesive, Magnesium
Exterior - plastic coated metal wire
Lens housing - magnesium alloy
Lenses - optical glass
For additional documentation, see the Corona Program Event; link found under the "Related" tab.
Dimensions:
Other: 5 in. in diameter x 4 in. long (12.7 x 10.2cm)
Type:
SPACECRAFT-Uncrewed-Instruments & Payloads
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Gift of Hughes Danbury Optical Systems.
Inventory Number:
A19960624002
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv98bb933c2-2d77-4f3f-867a-2b589ac104bd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19960624002

Camera, Backup, Viking Lander

Manufacturer:
ITEK Corporation  Search this
Materials:
Steel, Aluminum, Teflon, Rubber, Plastic
Dimensions:
60.96 x 40.64cm (2ft x 1ft 4in.) (Approximate)
Type:
EQUIPMENT-Photographic
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center.
Inventory Number:
A20050005000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9c6c17c73-9e8e-4e0d-badb-dbae79151e42
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20050005000
Online Media:

Lunar Transformations

Maker:
ITEK Corporation  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 28 in x 22 in; 71.12 cm x 55.88 cm
Object Name:
document
ID Number:
PG.72.86.001
Catalog number:
72.86.1
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b4-9a28-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1916988

Camera, Panoramic, Apollo, Back-up

Title:
Camera, Panoramic, Apollo
Manufacturer:
ITEK Corporation  Search this
Materials:
Aluminum, Paint, Rubber (Silicone), Glass, Mylar (Polyester), Kapton (Polymide), Steel, Stainless Steel, Adhesive, Copper, Nylon, Epoxy, Synthetic Fabric, Velcro, Paper, Phenolic resin, Teflon
Dimensions:
Other: 1 ft. 11 5/8 in. tall x 4 ft. 11 1/16 in. long x 2 ft. 3 9/16 in. wide (60 x 150 x 70 cm)
Type:
EQUIPMENT-Photographic
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from NASA, Johnson Space Flight Center, Logistics Division
Inventory Number:
A19940231000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv95653519b-a8c3-4680-b00c-b46bf5c37a53
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19940231000

Camera, Large Format

Manufacturer:
ITEK Corporation  Search this
Materials:
Aluminum, glass, copper, plastic
Dimensions:
3-D: 130.8 × 113 × 221cm, 308.9kg (4 ft. 3 1/2 in. × 3 ft. 8 1/2 in. × 7 ft. 3 in., 681lb.)
Type:
EQUIPMENT-Photographic
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from NASA
Inventory Number:
T20180005000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Hangar:
James S. McDonnell Space Hangar
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9b607a0b3-4f7c-4882-b187-0e54e9cbfa48
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_T20180005000
Online Media:

Lens, Large Format Camera

Manufacturer:
ITEK Corporation  Search this
Materials:
Glass
Ink
Dimensions:
3-D (Diameter x Height): 11.1 × 7.3cm (4 3/8 × 2 7/8 in.)
Overall: 1.4kg (3.1lb.)
Type:
EQUIPMENT-Photographic
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from NASA
Inventory Number:
T20180005001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv997611c01-b9fa-4cad-9324-c6b40b4e61ec
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_T20180005001
Online Media:

58065, ITEK Corporation

Collection Creator:
Lockwood Greene Engineers, Incorporated  Search this
Lockwood-Greene Company  Search this
Whitman, David  Search this
Greene, Stephen  Search this
Lockwood, Amos  Search this
Container:
Map-folder 786
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. One film is tored at an off-site facility and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Lockwood Greene Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Lockwood-Greene Records
Lockwood-Greene Records / Series 1: Project Drawings, Renderings, and Plans
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8aafb8451-dca8-4dd4-a2e2-6d60171bb249
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1113-ref1454

Corona ITEK Collection

Creator:
Itek Corporation  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic feet ((6 containers))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Technical drawings
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1964-1996
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following Corona ITEK items: The Corona Camera System: Itek's Contribution to World Stability by Frank J. Madden; photograph of the Corona-ITEK; "The Item," ITEK's internal employee newsletter, August 1974; agenda for a Corona and ITEK program, 1995; Lens Element #6 drawing; Housing Magazine drawing; Camera Body Frame drawing; Center Frame Weldment drawing; and Ball Screw Assembly drawing.
Biographical / Historical:
In early 1958, a few months after the Soviets launched the first Sputnik, President Eisenhower authorized a top-priority reconnaissance satellite project jointly managed by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the US Air Force. It was to launch into orbit a camera-carrying spacecraft that would take photographs of the Soviet Union and return the film to Earth. The secret spy satellite was dubbed Corona by the CIA. To disguise its true purpose, it was given the cover name Discoverer and described as a scientific research program. From 1960 to 1972, more than 100 Corona missions took over 800,000 photographs. As cameras and imaging techniques improved, Corona and other high-resolution reconnaissance satellites provided increasingly detailed information to US intelligence analysts. Dozens of companies and many thousands of people labored in secret to develop and operate the technologies for Corona. One of the companies was ITEK, whose spaceborne panoramic camera design revolutionized photo reconnaissance, allowing the Corona program to be successful.
Provenance:
Peter Brown, Gift, 2016
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Espionage  Search this
Cold War  Search this
KH-4 (Corona) Reconnaissance Satellite  Search this
Genre/Form:
Technical drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Corona ITEK Collection, Accession 2016-0033, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2016.0033
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg24127fb6c-5c15-4ab0-a909-527dcad6f6a9
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2016-0033
Online Media:

Itek Corporation

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1967
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Office Equipment, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Office Equipment
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Office Equipment / Genre / Catalogues / I-L
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep819b76a11-693d-4781-b77a-d8ac36cf9250
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-office-ref73

Technology Review

Collection Creator:
Brooks, Arthur Raymond, 1895-1991  Search this
Container:
Box 10, Folder 17
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
November 1961
1961-05
1930-07
Scope and Contents:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, vol. 32, no. 8, July 1930; vol. 63, no. 7, May 1961; and vol. 64, no. 1, November 1961.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Arthur Raymond Brooks Collection, NASM.1989.0104, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Arthur Raymond Brooks Collection
Arthur Raymond Brooks Collection / Series 1: Professional Materials / 1.8: Magazines
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg288ce95ba-ac2d-47f0-b0ac-10a81731849a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1989-0104-ref314
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
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ITEk Corporation

Collection Creator:
Mergenthaler Linotype Co.  Search this
Container:
Box 155, Folder 15
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1977; 1983
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Social Security numbers are present and have been rendered unreadable and redacted. Researchers may use the photocopies in the collection.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company Records, 1886-1997, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company Records
Mergenthaler Linotype Company Records / Series 4: Licensing Agreements
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8d43f3401-c74c-4d40-a40e-4bbe96e8b968
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0666-ref4102

Critical to US security : the Gambit and Hexagon satellite reconnaissance systems compendium / edited by James Outzen

Title:
Critical to United States security
Author:
Outzen, James  Search this
Center for the Study of National Reconnaissance (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 683 pages : facsimiles, color illustrations ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2012
[2012]
Topic:
Space surveillance--History  Search this
Astronautics, Military--History  Search this
Military surveillance--History  Search this
Artificial satellites, American--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1058431

SK2-82004, Itek Corporation, June 1982

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Subcontracts and Procurement Department  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 10
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 99-150, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Subcontracts and Procurement Department, Federal Subcontracts
See more items in:
Federal Subcontracts
Federal Subcontracts / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa99-150-refidd1e408

SV9-50007, Itek Corporation, March 1979

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Subcontracts and Procurement Department  Search this
Container:
Box 13 of 13
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 99-151, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Subcontracts and Procurement Department, Trust Fund Subcontracts
See more items in:
Trust Fund Subcontracts
Trust Fund Subcontracts / Box 13
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa99-151-refidd1e2820

SV9-50004, Itek Corporation, February 1979

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Subcontracts and Procurement Department  Search this
Container:
Box 13 of 13
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 99-151, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Subcontracts and Procurement Department, Trust Fund Subcontracts
See more items in:
Trust Fund Subcontracts
Trust Fund Subcontracts / Box 13
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa99-151-refidd1e2787

Multiple-Mirror Telescope Videohistory Collection

Extent:
7 videotapes (Reference copies). 25 digital .wmv files and .rm files (Reference copies).
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Videotapes
Transcripts
Date:
1989
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Videohistory Program, funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation from 1986 until 1992, used video in historical research. Additional collections have been added since the grant project ended. Videohistory uses the video camera as a historical research tool to record moving visual information. Video works best in historical research when recording people at work in environments, explaining artifacts, demonstrating process, or in group discussion. The experimental program recorded projects that reflected the Institution's concern with the conduct of contemporary science and technology.

Smithsonian historians participated in the program to document visual aspects of their on-going historical research. Projects covered topics in the physical and biological sciences as well as in technological design and manufacture. To capture site, process, and interaction most effectively, projects were taped in offices, factories, quarries, laboratories, observatories, and museums. Resulting footage was duplicated, transcribed, and deposited in the Smithsonian Institution Archives for scholarship, education, and exhibition. The collection is open to qualified researchers.
Descriptive Entry:
David H. DeVorkin, curator at the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum (NASM), recorded six sessions with twelve participants to document this multi-institutional scientific program. He was particularly interested in design and construction of the MMT; in its operation (with basic structural and optical design elements); in how astronomers use the telescope; and in the phenomenon of "consortia." DeVorkin also visually documented the operation of the MMT, including a nighttime observing session, various artifacts and equipment, and the interaction of former colleagues during group discussions. Interviews took place on May 8, 10 and 11, 1989, at the observatory, in a studio in Tucson, Arizona, and at Flandrau Planetarium of the University of Arizona.

This collection consists of six interview sessions, totalling approximately 11:20 hours of recordings and 257 pages of transcript.

Please note that Session 6 is comprised of dual sets of tape from two cameras positioned at different angles.

Additional Information: See Record Unit 262, Records of the Mt. Hopkins Department, SAO, 1966-1967, and Record Unit 9520, Fred Lawrence Whipple Interviews, 1976, Smithsonian Institution Archives. Also, consult records of the director and assistant director, SAO, for additional documentation on the MMT.
Historical Note:
Since 1979, completely new and radical designs for astronomical telescopes have emerged. The Multiple Mirror Telescope (MMT) was the prototype, both technically and institutionally, for the next generation of large telescopes. The MMT was the world's first large-scale multiple mirror telescope, which used the combined light of six 72-inch reflecting telescopes in a single altitude-azimuth mount. Computers controlled all pointing and tracking of the MMT's individual telescopes. The MMT was located at the Smithsonian's Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory on Mt. Hopkins, Arizona. Development of this site was begun by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) in the late 1960s as the Mt. Hopkins Observatory, renamed the Whipple Observatory in 1981. The MMT was jointly developed and run by SAO and the University of Arizona (UA). This arrangement was the first of several university and observatory consortia that have attempted larger multiple mirror and segmented mirror designs.

Session participants included astronomers, engineers and opticians who worked on virtually every facet of MMT design and development in the 1970s and 1980s. Nathaniel Carleton received an A.B. and Ph.D. in physics from Harvard University, the latter in 1956; he taught physics until 1962 when he was appointed a physicist at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. He was primarily interested in physics of the Earth's upper atmosphere but became interested in astronomy and the study of other planets. He was involved with the development of the MMT from the beginning.

Frederic H. Chaffee was educated as a physicist at Dartmouth College and received a Ph.D in astronomy from the University of Arizona in 1968. Shortly thereafter he joined the stellar atmospheres group at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, and, under Smithsonian auspices, returned to Arizona to help establish the first optical telescope on Mt. Hopkins. He became the first resident astronomer at the Mt. Hopkins Observatory and then resident director of the observatory during the 1970s, when the MMT was built. He became director of the MMT Observatory in July 1984.

Craig Foltz received an A.B. in physics from Dartmouth College in 1974 and a Ph.D. in astronomy from Ohio State University in 1979. He held postdoctoral, research associate, and teaching positions until he was appointed staff astronomer and project scientist for the MMT in 1984.

Carol Heller received a B.S. in biology from the University of Arizona and shortly thereafter became a night assistant at the 9-inch telescope on Mt. Hopkins. She began work with the MMT four years later and was one of the few control room operators of large-scale telescopes in the world.

Keith Hege did not appear on screen, but was interviewed during the observing session by speakerphone. Hege, associate astronomer at the Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, obtained a Ph.D in nuclear physics at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 1965. Hege taught at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and Hollins College before joining Steward Observatory in 1975. In 1978 he coordinated Steward Observatory's speckle interferometry program, which was applied to the MMT for cophased interferometric imaging.

Thomas Hoffman received a B.S. degree from the University of Rochester and M.S. and Professional M.E. degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1954. He served over fourteen years as chief engineer and head of the Engineering Department of the SAO in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and was program engineer for the MMT. He left the Smithsonian in 1979.

Aden Meinel, one of the key players in developing the MMT, received his B.S. and Ph.D. in astronomy from the University of California, Berkeley. He held numerous appointments, including director of Kitt Peak National Observatory, Steward Observatory, and the Optical Sciences Center (University of Arizona). He was also professor at the Optical Sciences Center until 1985, when he became senior scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

Michael Reed was educated at Yale University and Stanford University, and received a Ph.D. in mathematics in 1969. He taught at Princeton University from 1968 through 1974, when he received an appointment at Duke University. He worked on the various aspects of the MMT, including selection of the alt-azimuth mount during the 1970s.

Robert Shannon received a B.S. in optics and M.S. in physics from the University of Rochester. He worked with the Itek Corporation as director of the Advanced Technology Labs before becoming professor and director of the Optical Sciences Center at the University of Arizona in 1969.

Ray Weymann received a Ph.D. in astronomy from Princeton in 1959 and was a Research Fellow at the California Institute of Technology from 1959 through 1961. He taught at the University of Arizona in 1961, became an astronomer at the Steward Observatory, University of Arizona in 1970, and was appointed director of Mt. Wilson Observatory in Los Angeles in 1986.

Joseph T. [J.T.] Williams designed, built, and operated astronomical instrumentation at Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory sites worldwide for more than thirty years. He studied electrical engineering and served in the U.S. Navy submarine service before joining the Smithsonian at the Haleakala Observatory (Maui, Hawaii) in 1959. After holding several positions with SAO, Williams became manager for site planning and construction of the MMT from 1975 through 1979 and became assistant director for MMT operations and development, in collaboration with the University of Arizona, in 1980. In the 1990 he served on the committee to convert the MMT to a single mirror 6.5-meter telescope.

Fred L. Whipple was educated at University of California, Los Angeles, and received a Ph.D. in astronomy from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1931. He joined the staff of the Harvard College Observatory in 1931 and became a teacher there in 1932. He ultimately became the Phillips Professor of Astronomy, 1970. Whipple was also appointed director of Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory in 1955 and shortly thereafter moved its headquarters to Cambridge, Massachusetts. During his tenure as director, Whipple selected and developed Mt. Hopkins as an observatory site. The observatory, initially known as the Mt. Hopkins Observatory, was dedicated the Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory in 1981. He worked closely with the University of Arizona and the U.S. Air Force in developing the MMT. He retired in 1977 and subsequently held the position Emeritus Phillips Professor of Astronomy at Harvard.
Topic:
Science -- History  Search this
Technology -- History  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Astrophysics  Search this
Astrophysicists  Search this
Observatories  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Videotapes
Transcripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9542, Multiple-Mirror Telescope Videohistory Collection
Identifier:
Record Unit 9542
See more items in:
Multiple-Mirror Telescope Videohistory Collection
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9542

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