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Ernst Herzfeld Papers

Topic:
Papyrus
Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum  Search this
Verlag Philipp von Zabern  Search this
Anistas Mari, al-Karmili, ab, 1866-1947  Search this
Becker, Carl Heinrich, 1876-1933  Search this
Bell, Gertrude Lowthian, 1868-1926  Search this
Berchem, Max van, 1863-1921  Search this
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Krefter, Friedrich, 1898-1995  Search this
Meyer, Eduard, 1855-1930  Search this
Sarre, Friedrich Paul Theodor, 1865-1945  Search this
Extent:
150 Linear feet (circa 30,000 items)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Blueprints
Journals (accounts)
Photographs
Clippings
Notebooks
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Articles
Paper squeezes
Correspondence
Diaries
Sketches
Rubbings
Place:
Turkey
Mesopotamia
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Iran
Iraq
Lebanon
Persepolis (Iran)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Taq-e Bostan Site (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Syria
Date:
1903-1947
Summary:
An outstanding scholar in the field of Iranian studies, Ernst Herzfeld (1879--1948) explored all phases of Near Eastern culture from the prehistoric period to Islamic times. This collection documents Herzfeld's excavations at Samarra, Persepolis, Pasargadae, and Aleppo and includes correspondence; field notebooks; drawings; sketchbooks; inventories of objects; "squeeze" copies of architectural details; and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
Papers (1899--1962) of German born archaeologist Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879--1948), a preeminent scholar of Near Eastern and Iranian studies. The collection measures 150 linear feet (circa 30,000 items) and documents Herzfeld's work as a pioneer in the field and sheds light on his excavations at Samarra, Persepolis, Pasargadae, and Aleppo. Formats include correspondence; field notebooks; drawings; sketchbooks; inventories of objects; "squeeze" copies of architectural details; and photographs.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized into seven series.

Series 1: Travel journals

Series 2: Sketchbooks

Series 3: Notebooks

Series 4: Photographic files 1-42

Series 5: Drawings and maps

Series 6: Squeezes

Series 7: Samarra Expedition
Biographical / Historical:
The Ernst Herzfeld Papers document the career of Ernst Herzfeld (1879--1948), a German architect, archaeologist, and historian of Islamic and Pre-Islamic studies. After training as an architect he studied archaeology under Delitzch from 1903 to 1906 at the excavations at Assur in Mesopotamia. A student of Latin, Greek, Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Hebrew, Herzfeld received a doctorate in Humanistic Studies at universities in Munich and Berlin in 1907. His work with Friedrich Sarre to survey the monuments of the Tigris-Euphrates valleys resulted in landmark studies in architectural history, published in 1911 and 1920.

In 1920 Herzfeld was appointed to the chair of Historical Geography in Berlin and began his excavation at Samarra. Herzfeld's work there led to a six-volume publication. He published widely throughout his life on the sources of Islamic architecture and ornament, including the Royal Palace at Persepolis.

From 1934 until the end of his life Herzfeld spent his time producing many books and articles, lecturing, and working at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton (1936--1945.) Many of his works continue to be published post-humously.

1879 July 23 -- Born in Celle, Germany.

1897 -- Received diploma from Joachimsthaler Gymnasium, Berlin.

1897-circa 1898 -- Fulfilled military service.

circa 1899 -- Studied architecture at the Technical University and Assyriology, art history, and philosophy at the Friedrich-Wilhems Universität in Berlin.

1903 -- Passed exam in structural engineering.

1903-1905 -- Assistant to Walter Andrae (1875-1956) in Assur.

1905-1906 -- Traveled throughout Iran and Iraq.

1907 -- Excavation in Cilicia. Passed oral exam in February. Awarded doctorate in Humanistic Studies by Friedrich-Wilhems Universtät zu Berlin. After receiving Ph.D. traveled extensively in Syria and Iraq with Friedrich Sarre, director of the Islamic Museum in Berlin.

1910 -- Herzfeld and Sarre jointly publish, Iranische Felsreliefs (Berlin, 1910).

1911-1913 -- Field Director under direction of Sarre during expedition to Samarra.

circa 1914 -- Drafted into service in France and Poland during World War I. Sent to Iraq where he functioned as a surveyor.

1916 -- Father died.

1917 -- Appointed associate professor for Historical Geography and Art History of the Ancient Orient at Berlin. Along with Friedrich Sarre and others, founded the German-Persian Society to increase cultural and economic exchange between Germany and Persia.

1920 -- Appointed world's first full professor of Near Eastern Archeology. Begins excavation at Samarra.

1922 -- Mother died.

1923-1934 -- In Persia, where he completed many excavations and studies.

1928 -- Excavation at Pasargadae.

1931-1934 -- Appointed director of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago and moved to Persepolis.

1934 -- As grandson of Jews, Nazi legislation expelling state employees of Jewish descent forced Herzfeld to retire as a professor employed by the state. Moved to London.

1936 -- Delivered Lowell Lectures. Moved to Boston. Lectured on Iranian history and appointed a member of the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study.

1944 -- Retired from Princeton University.

1948 January 20 -- Died.
Provenance:
Ernst Herzfeld donated his papers to the Freer Gallery of Art in 1946.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Ayyubids  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
History  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Abbasids  Search this
Religious buildings  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Journals (accounts)
Photographs
Clippings
Notebooks
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Articles
Paper Squeezes
Correspondence
Diaries
Sketches
Rubbings
Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a-06
Online Media:

Kenneth X. Robbins Collection & Papers

Collector:
Robbins, Kenneth X.  Search this
Extent:
150 Maps (approximate count)
1,300 color postcards (approximate count)
6 Books
60 Photographs
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Color postcards
Books
Photographs
Postcards
Medals
Postage stamps
Place:
India -- Description and Travel -- 1901-1946
India -- Kings and rulers
Turkey
Pakistan
Iran
Asia
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Items pertaining to the spiritual, economic, and artistic history of modern India and its princely states. Parts include: fiscal philately from the princely states of India, documents pertaining to Indian medicine (6 linear ft.), paintings, medals and coins, map of Baroda and other princely states, postcards, the collector's research files, genealogical studies of Majarajas, and memorabilia on the history of Jews in Southern Indian. Robbins document Indian society, particularly court nobles. One photograph album and three photographs comprise this collection. The photograph album documents the Silver Jubilee celebration of Mahabat Khanji Rasukhanji Babi Bahadur, the last Nawab of Junagadh in 1945, including entertainment, events, and formal and informal portraits of participants. The Nawab is shown being saluted by government officials, being weighed in silver, and receiving a gift. Performances by dancing women and marching bands are documented, as are sports such as horseback riding, rock lifting, and running. People portrayed include government officials, prisoners in chains, the Nawab, the Nawab's son, nobles such as Kau Mull Ladha wth his daughter in a limousine, prominent citizens of Junagadh, and uniformed men marching.
Arrangement:
1139 postage stamps: organized in 5 boxes ; arranged numerically by item catalog number and alphabetically by region
Biographical / Historical:
Dr. Kenneth X. Robbins of Potomac, Maryland, psychiatrist, M.D., collector of south Asian art, and author, assembled a collection of various types of materials documenting Indian society particularly in the second quarter of the 20th century, focusing on the noble courts.
Local Numbers:
FSA A1990.01
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Topic:
Nobility -- India  Search this
Coins  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Photographs
Postcards
Medals
Postage stamps
Citation:
Kenneth X. Robbins Photograph Collection. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of Kenneth X. Robbins, 1990, 2014, 2015, 2016.
Identifier:
FSA.A1990.01
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a1990-01
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Mary Lee Hu, 2009 March 18-19

Interviewee:
Hu, Mary Lee, 1943-  Search this
Interviewer:
Riedel, Mija, 1958-  Search this
Subject:
Baldridge, Mark S.  Search this
Choo, Chunghi  Search this
Christensen, Hans  Search this
Dingeldein, Otto  Search this
Eikerman, Alma  Search this
Farafol, Daphne  Search this
Fenster, Fred  Search this
Fike, Phillip G.  Search this
Halper, Vicki  Search this
Ho, Ron  Search this
Kidman, Hero  Search this
Kington, L. Brent (Louis Brent)  Search this
Marshall, John  Search this
Matsukata, Miye  Search this
Matzdorf, Kurt  Search this
McMurray, James  Search this
Moty, Eleanor  Search this
Noffke, Gary  Search this
Pujol, Eleanor  Search this
Seppä, Heikki  Search this
Turner, Gary  Search this
Warashina, Patti  Search this
American Craft Council  Search this
Cleveland Institute of Art  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art  Search this
Lawrence Arts Center  Search this
Miami University (Oxford, Ohio)  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Society of North American Goldsmiths  Search this
Southern Illinois University at Carbondale  Search this
University of Washington  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Place:
Afghanistan -- Description and travel
Australia -- description and travel
China -- description and travel
Indonesia -- description and travel
Iran -- description and travel
Nepal -- description and travel
Ohio -- Description and travel
Papua New Guinea -- Description and travel
Tibet (China) -- Description and travel
Turkey -- description and travel
Topic:
Body adornment  Search this
Jewelry  Search this
Jewelry making -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Jewelry making -- Study and teaching  Search this
Jewelry making -- Technique  Search this
Metal-workers -- Washington (State) -- Interviews  Search this
Women artists -- Washington (State) -- Seattle -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)15659
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)282415
AAA_collcode_hu09
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_282415
Online Media:

The History of Persia containing the lives and memorable actions of its kings from the first erecting of that monarchy to this time ; an exact description of all its dominions ; a curious account of India, China, Tartary, Kermon, Arabia, Nixabur, and the islands of Ceylon and Timor ; as also of all cities occasionally mention'd, as Schiras, Samarkand, Bokara, &c. Manners and customs of those people, Persian worshippers of fire ; plants, beasts, product, and trade ... to which is added an abridgment of the lives of the kings of Harmuz, or Ormuz the Persian history written in Arabick by Mirkond ... that of Ormuz by Torunxa ... both of them translated into Spanish by Antony Teixeira ... and now render'd into English by Captain John Stevens

Author:
Tūrān Shāh ibn Quṭb al-Dīn -1378  Search this
Mīr Khvānd, Muḥammad ibn Khāvandshāh 1433-1498  Search this
Teixeira, Pedro approximately 1570-  Search this
Physical description:
[16], 416 pages illustrations (frontis.) 19 cm
Type:
Books
Early works to 1800
Early works
History
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1715
Topic:
Kings and rulers  Search this
Travel  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
DS272 .H58 1715
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_966121

Mission scientifique en Perse par J. de Morgan.

Author:
Morgan, J. de (Jacques) 1857-1924  Search this
Author:
Cotteau, Gustave Honoré 1818-1894  Search this
Douvillé, Henri 1846-1937  Search this
Gauthier, Victor  Search this
Huart, Clément 1854-1926  Search this
France Ministére de l'éducation nationale  Search this
Physical description:
5 volume in 7 fronts. (t. 1-2) illustrations, plates, maps (part folded) facsimiles, diagrs.; and atlas of 2 pages leaves, 5 folded maps 40 x 31 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Iran
Date:
1894
1905
Topic:
Geology  Search this
Paleontology  Search this
Physical geography  Search this
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Language and languages  Search this
Travel  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Languages  Search this
Call number:
Q115 .M84X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_287014

Myron Bement Smith Collection

Creator:
Smith, Myron Bement, 1897-1970  Search this
Source:
Blake, Marion Elizabeth  Search this
Names:
Aga-Oglu, Mehmet, 1896-1949  Search this
Ettinghausen, Richard  Search this
Field, Henry  Search this
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Kuban, Dogan  Search this
Moe, Henry Allen  Search this
Pope, Arthur Upham, 1881-1969  Search this
Former owner:
Blake, Marion Elizabeth  Search this
Extent:
192 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1910-1970
Summary:
The Myron Bement Smith collection consists of two parts, the papers of Myron Bement Smith and his wife Katharine and the Islamic Archives. It contains substantial material about his field research in Italy in the 1920s and his years working on Islamic architecture in Iran in the 1930s. Letters describe the milieu in which he operated in Rochester NY and New York City in the 1920s and early 1930s; the Smiths' life in Iran from 1933 to 1937; and the extensive network of academic and social contacts that Myron and Katharine developed and maintained over his lifetime. The Islamic Archives was a project to which Smith devoted most of his professional life. It includes both original materials, such as his photographs and notes, and items acquired by him from other scholars or experts on Islamic art and architecture. Smith intended the Archives to serve as a resource for scholars interested in the architecture and art of the entire Islamic world although he also included some materials about non-Islamic architecture.
Scope and Contents:
The Myron Bement Smith Collection consists of two parts, the papers of Myron Bement Smith and his wife Katharine and the Islamic Archives. The papers include some biographic material about Myron but little about his wife. Information on his academic and professional experience is sketchy and his diaries and appointment books often contain only sporadic entries. The papers contain substantial material about his field research in Italy in the 1920s and his years working on Islamic architecture in Iran in the 1930s. Correspondence comprises the largest and most potentially useful part of the papers. Letters describe the milieu in which he operated in Rochester, NY and New York City in the 1920s and early 1930s; the Smiths' life in Iran from 1933 to 1937; and the extensive network of academic and social contacts that Myron and Katharine developed and maintained over his lifetime.

The Islamic Archives, formally entitled The Archive for Islamic Culture and Art, was a project to which Smith devoted most of his professional life. It includes both original materials, such as his photographs and notes, and items acquired by him from other scholars or experts on Islamic art and architecture. Most of the latter consists of photographs and slides. Smith intended the Archives to serve as a resource for scholars interested in the architecture and art of the entire Islamic world although he also included some materials about non-Islamic architecture. The core collection of the Archives consists of Smith's original photographs and architectural sketches of Iranian Islamic monuments made during his field research in the 1930s. He meticulously photographed the interior and exterior of monuments, including their decorative detail. Some of the photographic materials subsequently loaned, purchased, or donated to the Archives may enable scholars to document sites over time but in many cases the materials are poorly preserved or reproduced. A notable exception to this is the glassplate negatives and prints of 19th century Iranian photographer Antoin Sevruguin.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 2 major series with further subseries. A third series inventories the outsized and miscellaneous materials.

Series 1: Papers

Subseries 1.1: Biographic Materials

Subseries 1.2: Professional Experience

Subseries 1.3: Notebooks, Journals and Appointment Books

Subseries 1.4: Correspondence

Subseries 1.5: Published and Unpublished Materials

Subseries 1.6: Italy Research 1925, 1927-1928

Subseries 1.7: Iran Research 1933-1937

Subseries 1.8: Katharine Dennis Smith Papers and Correspondence

Series 2: The Islamic Archives

Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information

Subseries 2.2: Resource Materials Iran

Subseries 2.3: Resource Materials Other Islamic World and General

Subseries 2.4: Myron Bement Smith Architectural Sketches, Plans and Notes, Iran, 1933-1937

Subseries 2.5: Myron Bement Smith Iran Photographs, Notebooks and Negative Registers

Subseries 2.6: Country Photograph File

Subseries 2.7: Lantern Slide Collection

Subseries 2.8: Myron Bement Smith 35 mm Color Slides

Subseries 2.9: Country 35 mm Color Slide File

Subseries 2.10: Myron Bement Smith Negatives

Subseries 2.11: Country Photograph Negatives

Subseries 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs

Series 3: Outsize and Miscellaneous Items

Subseries 3.1: Map Case Drawers

Subseries 3.2: Rolled Items

Subseries 3.3 Items in Freezer

Subseries 3.4 Smithsonian Copy Negatives
Biographical Note:
Myron Bement Smith was born in Newark Valley, New York in 1897 and grew up in Rochester, New York. He died in Washington D.C. in 1970. He showed an early interest in drawing, and after graduation from high school, he worked as a draftsman for a Rochester architect. He served in the US Army Medical Corps in France during World War I and on return again worked as an architectural draftsman. He studied at Yale University from 1922 to 1926, earning a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree. During summer vacations, he worked as draftsman or designer for architectural firms in New York City. After graduation, he received a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation grant and spent two years in Italy doing research on northern Italian brick and stone work. He used photography as an tool for his research and published several well-illustrated articles. On return he joined an architectural firm in Philadelphia and in 1931 became a registered architect in New York. He enrolled in Harvard University graduate school in 1929 pursuing a Master of Fine Arts degree.

In April 1930, Smith was appointed Secretary of the newly created American Institute for Persian Art and Archaeology founded by Arthur Upham Pope and located in New York City. He had no prior academic or work experience in Islamic art or architecture, and his job entailed designing publications, arranging lectures, organizing exhibitions and fund raising. That summer he arranged an independent study course at Harvard University on Persian art and subsequently studied Persian language at Columbia University and attended graduate courses at the Institute of Fine Arts at New York University. His work and academic credentials enabled him to compete successfully for a research fellowship from the American Council of Learned Societies in 1933 to study Iranian Islamic architecture.

Accompanied by his new bride Katharine Dennis, Smith left for Iran in 1933. They suffered a horrendous motor vehicle accident in Iraq en route and required a lengthy recuperation in Lebanon and Cyprus. The Smiths eventually arrived in Isfahan, Iran, where they established their "Expedition House," as Smith called it, in a rented faculty house at Stuart College. Smith's research consisted of meticulous photographic documentation of Islamic monuments and architectural sketches and drawings of many of them. He concentrated on the Isfahan area but also documented monuments elsewhere in Iran. Smith outfitted his station wagon as a combination camper and research vehicle in which he and his staff traveled widely. Katharine sometimes traveled with him but generally she remained in Isfahan managing the household and logistics for the "expedition." The Smiths left Iran in 1937.

Smith published several articles about Iran's Islamic monuments based on his field research and in 1947 completed his PhD thesis for The Johns Hopkins University on the vault in Persian architecture. His professional career from 1938 until his death in 1970 consisted of a series of temporary academic positions, contract work and government or academic sponsored lecture tours and photographic exhibits. He had a long lasting relationship with the Library of Congress where he served as an Honorary Consultant from 1938 to 1940 and again from 1948 to 1970; from 1943 to 1944 he was Chief of the Iranian Section at the Library. Despite his lack of published material, Smith was well-known among academic, government and private citizens who worked, traveled or were otherwise interested Iran and the Islamic world.

Smith developed an extensive network of professional and social contacts that dated from his early student days and increased markedly during his time at the Persian Institute and later in Iran. He kept in touch with them and they touted him to others who were interested in Iran or Islamic art and architecture. This network served him well in realizing his ambition of creating a resource for scholars that relied on photographs to document Islamic architecture. The Islamic Archives began with his own collection of photographs from his Iran research and grew to include all manner of photographic and other materials not only on the Islamic world but also other areas. Creating and managing the Archives became the main focus of Smith's professional life and career. In 1967 he received a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities to revise his PhD thesis as a publishable manuscript but died before he could complete it.
Related Materials:
The Antoin Sevruguin Photgraphs

Ernst Herzfeld Papers

Lionel B. Bier Drawings

Lionel D. Bier and Carol Bier Photographs
Provenance:
Gift of Myron Bement Smith
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Islamic architecture  Search this
Islamic Architecture-Turkey  Search this
Iran-description and travel  Search this
Iran-History 20th Century  Search this
Islamic Architecture-Middle East  Search this
Iran-social life and customs  Search this
United States-Social life and customs  Search this
Mosques  Search this
Architecture -- Iran  Search this
Citation:
The Myron Bement Smith Collection. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A.04
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith Collection
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a-04
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Mary Lee Hu

Interviewee:
Hu, Mary Lee, 1943-  Search this
Interviewer:
Riedel, Mija, 1958-  Search this
Creator:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Names:
American Craft Council  Search this
Cleveland Institute of Art -- Students  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art -- Students  Search this
Lawrence Arts Center  Search this
Miami University (Oxford, Ohio) -- Students  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Society of North American Goldsmiths  Search this
Southern Illinois University at Carbondale -- Students  Search this
University of Washington -- Faculty  Search this
Baldridge, Mark S., 1946-  Search this
Choo, Chunghi  Search this
Christensen, Hans, 1924-1983  Search this
Dingeldein, Otto  Search this
Eikerman, Alma  Search this
Farafol, Daphne  Search this
Fenster, Fred, 1934-  Search this
Fike, Phillip G., 1927-1997  Search this
Halper, Vicki  Search this
Ho, Ron  Search this
Kidman, Hero  Search this
Kington, L. Brent (Louis Brent), 1934-2013  Search this
Marshall, John, 1936-  Search this
Matsukata, Miye, 1922-1981  Search this
Matzdorf, Kurt  Search this
McMurray, James  Search this
Moty, Eleanor  Search this
Noffke, Gary  Search this
Pujol, Eleanor  Search this
Seppä, Heikki  Search this
Turner, Gary  Search this
Warashina, Patti, 1940-  Search this
Extent:
8 Items (Sound recording: 8 wav files (5 hr., 42 min.), digital)
163 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Place:
Afghanistan -- Description and Travel
Australia -- Description and Travel
China -- Description and Travel
Indonesia -- Description and Travel
Iran -- Description and Travel
Nepal -- Description and Travel
Ohio -- Description and Travel
Papua New Guinea -- Description and Travel
Tibet (China) -- Description and Travel
Turkey -- description and travel
Date:
2009 March 18-19
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Mary Lee Hu conducted 2009 March 18-19, by Mija Riedel, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, at Hu's home and studio, in Seattle, Washington.
Hu speaks of growing up outside Cleveland, Ohio; her early interest in making objects; attending the Lawrence Art Center camp in Kansas at the age of 16 where she first experimented with metals; her like of working with tools in order to create something; taking metal smith classes at the Cleveland Institute of Art during high school; attending Miami University in Ohio for two years followed by two years an Cranbrook Academy of Art; working as a TA with L. Brent Kington at Southern Illinois University in Carbondale; her collaborative work in both textiles and metals while at Carbondale which lead to her first experimentation in weaving silver wire; creating a body of work for her Master's thesis in which all the pieces were woven wire; various works, their origins, when, where and why they were created, including her Neckpiece, Choker, Bracelet, Brooch and Ring series; her aesthetic interest in patterns, line and positive/negative space; a limited interest in and use of color in her work; the transition from silver to gold wire; a progressively larger interest in the history of jewelry and body adornment which eventually became a lecture at the University of Washington, where she taught for 26 years; numerous trips around the world to countries such as China, Tibet, Nepal, Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, Australia, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia; a strong interest in ethnic and native jewelry/body adornment practices; the various purposes which jewelry can serve in society; her involvement with the Society of North American Goldsmiths and the American Craft Council; her technique based teaching practices; the role that modern technology plays in teaching, learning, and making jewelry; the lack of support and funds for metals programs in universities around the country; her library, which includes aver 2,000 books about the history of jewelry and body adornment; her collection of jewelry from around the world; her want to create beautiful and functional jewelry; the public and private aspects to jewelry and it's role in museums; current projects and the importance to maintain interest of metals in younger generations. Hu also recalls Gary Turner, Hans Christensen, Otto Dingeldein, Heikki Seppä, Hero Kielman, Phil Fike, Patti Warashina, Gary Noffke, Elliott Pujol, Chonghi Choo, Daphne Farafo, Vicki Halper, Ron Ho, Miye Matsukata, Alma Eikermann, Mark Baldridge, Kurt Matzdorf, Eleanor Moty, Fred Fenster, John Marshall, James McMurray, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Mary Lee Hu (1943- ) is a metalsmith in Seattle, Washington. Smith was educated at Cranbrook Academy of Art and Southern Illinois University. She teaches at the University of Washington.
General:
Originally recorded on 4 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 8 digital wav files. Duration is 5 hr., 43 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Topic:
Body adornment  Search this
Jewelry  Search this
Jewelry making -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Jewelry making -- Study and teaching  Search this
Jewelry making -- Technique  Search this
Metal-workers -- Washington (State) -- Interviews  Search this
Women artists -- Washington (State) -- Seattle -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.hu09
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hu09

Janet Longcope photographs of world travels

Creator:
Longcope, Janet, ca. 1886-1974  Search this
Extent:
600 mounted prints (circa 600 mounted prints, silver gelatin)
4,000 color slides (circa)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Color slides
Photographs
Place:
Pakistan -- Description and Travel
Fiji -- Description and Travel
Ethiopia -- Description and Travel
Easter Island -- Description and Travel
Yemen -- Description and Travel
Honduras -- Description and Travel
Peru -- Description and Travel
Guatemala -- Description and Travel
Israel -- Description and Travel
Vietnam -- Description and Travel
Solomon Islands -- Description and Travel
Colombia -- Description and Travel
Thailand -- description and travel
Taiwan -- description and travel
Jordan -- Description and Travel
Uzbekistan -- Description and Travel
Singapore -- Description and Travel
Bhutan -- Description and Travel
Afghanistan -- Description and Travel
Burma -- Description and Travel
Brazil -- Description and Travel
Australia -- Description and Travel
Lebanon -- Description and Travel
Iraq -- Description and Travel
Iran -- Description and Travel
India -- description and travel
New Guinea -- Description and Travel
Syria -- Description and Travel
Nepal -- Description and Travel
Hong Kong -- Description and Travel
Cambodia -- Description and Travel
Sri Lanka -- Description and Travel
Chile -- description and travel
Mexico -- description and travel
Japan -- Description and Travel
Italy -- description and travel
Morocco -- description and travel
Spain -- description and travel
Mongolia -- Description and Travel
New Zealand -- Description and Travel
Russia -- Description and Travel
Kenya -- Description and Travel
Macau (China) -- Description and Travel
Malaysia -- Description and Travel
Yucatan -- Description and Travel
Indonesia -- Description and Travel
Date:
1954-1971
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made by Janet Longcope during trips to countries around the world. They depict landscapes, buildings, markets, dances, agriculture, arts and crafts, ceremonies, children, cooking, musicians, and transportation. Locations depicted include Afghanistan, Australia, Bhutan, Brazil, Burma, Cambodia, Chile, Colombia, Easter Island, Egypt, Ethiopia, Fiji, Greece, Guatemala, Hawaii, Honduras, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Macao, Malaysia, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, New Guinea, New Zealand, Pakistan, Peru, Russia, Siberia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Spain, Sri Lanka, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen, and Yucatan. Longcope used many of these photographs in lectures.
Biographical/Historical note:
Janet Longcope (1886-1974) was a bookbinder and world traveler who gave informal lectures about her travels. Ater the death of her husband Dr. Warfield T. Longcope in 1953, she visited countries all over the world, returning to some, such as India, as many as nine times.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 75-26
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Markets  Search this
Dance  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Cooking  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 75-26, Janet Longcope photographs of world travels, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.75-26
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-75-26

Folio from a Khamsa (Quintet) by Nizami (d.1209); verso: illustration: The Prophet's night journey (Mi’raj); recto: text

Calligrapher:
Murshid al-Shirazi  Search this
Medium:
Ink, opaque watercolor and gold on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (overall): 31.1 x 19.7 cm (12 1/4 x 7 3/4 in)
Type:
Manuscript
Origin:
Shiraz, Fars, Iran
Date:
1548 (955 A.H.)
Period:
Safavid period
Topic:
night  Search this
Muhammad  Search this
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
angel  Search this
nasta'liq script  Search this
travel  Search this
Iran  Search this
The Night Journey  Search this
Buraq  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number:
F1908.278
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye3c7746b64-0fef-4040-941f-677b6a14c8af
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_F1908.278

Folio from the Haftawrang (Seven Thrones) by Jami (d. 1492): The Arab Berates His Guests (f. 1696)

Author:
Jami (died 1492)  Search this
Medium:
Opaque watercolor, ink, and gold on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 34.2 x 23.2 cm (13 7/16 x 9 1/8 in)
Type:
Manuscript
Origin:
Iran
Date:
1556-1565
Period:
Safavid period
Topic:
camel  Search this
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
poetry  Search this
nasta'liq script  Search this
illumination  Search this
travel  Search this
Iran  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number:
F1946.12.169
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye300edfa88-763b-457f-85c9-970e41bfeafd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_F1946.12.169

This Pandemic Isn't the First Time the Hajj Has Been Disrupted for Muslims

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Thu, 23 Apr 2020 16:26:30 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_e0858051d565326b037172e0d7a1240c

Photo File 29: Album: "Kūh-i Khwāja and Shahristan" with pencilled and colored blueprints of paintings.

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
94 Photographic prints (Volume one: 2 folders, b&w, 29.2 cm. x 22.8 cm.)
32 Blueprints (17 cm. x 12 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Blueprints
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1925-1929
Scope and Contents:
The abbreviations used in captions of published photos are:

AHI--Archaeological History of Iran, Herzfeld

IAE--Iran in the Ancient East, Herzfeld

This File should be studied in conjunction with Photo Files 7 and 17.
Nos.93-- 126 are blueprints of sections of the painted gallery, most of them outlined in pencil or water-color. The cross-references are to the black and white prints in Photo File 17.
- "Photo File 29", which was assembled by Joseph Upton, provides 94 photographic prints and 32 cyanotypes (some hand-colored) which relate primarly to a visit and a campaign of excavation at Kuh-e Khwaja (Iran), carried out by Ernst Herzfeld in February 1925 as well as in February/March 1929.
- "Photo File 29" is composed of 94 photographic prints and 32 cyanotypes, several made from the following glass plates or color lantern slides, "FSA a.6 04.GN.2052; FSA a.6 04.GN.2054; FSA a.6 04.GN.3983; FSA a.6 04.GN.2057; FSA a.6 04.GN.3976; FSA a.6 04.GN.2065; FSA a.6 04.GN.4000; FSA a.6 04.GN.2061; FSA a.6 04.GN.2063; FSA a.6 04.GN.2060; FSA a.6 04.GN.2066; FSA a.6 04.GN.2069; FSA a.6 04.GN.2070; FSA a.6 04.GN.2074; FSA a.6 04.GN.3987; FSA a.6 04.GN.3984; FSA a.6 04.GN.3993; FSA a.6 04.GN.3989; FSA a.6 04.GN.3974; FSA a.6 04.GN.3973; FSA a.6 04.GN.2076; FSA a.6 04.GN.2078; FSA a.6 04.GN.2080; FSA a.6 04.GN.2085; FSA a.6 04.GN.3969; FSA a.6 04.GN.2083; FSA a.6 04.GN.3992; FSA a.6 04.GN.2087; FSA a.6 04.GN.2088; FSA a.6 04.GN.2086; FSA a.6 04.GN.2084; FSA a.6 04.GN.0966; FSA a.6 04.GN.3971; FSA a.6 04.GN.2082; FSA a.6 04.GN.2089; FSA a.6 04.GN.0179; FSA a.6 04.GN.1172; FSA a.6 04.GN.4002; FSA a.6 04.GN.3972; FSA a.6 04.GN.3985; FSA a.6 04.GN.3978; FSA a.6 04.GN.3977; FSA a.6 04.GN.3970; FSA a.6 04.GN.3991; FSA a.6 04.GN.3975; FSA a.6 04.GN.4003; FSA a.6 04.GN.2092; FSA a.6 04.GN.2100; FSA a.6 04.GN.2097; FSA a.6 04.GN.2094; FSA a.6 04.GN.3979; FSA a.6 04.GN.2099; FSA a.6 04.GN.2096; FSA a.6 04.GN.3986; FSA a.6 04.GN.2062; FSA a.6 04.GN.2101; FSA a.6 04.GN.3996; FSA a.6 04.GN.3994; FSA a.6 04.GN.3997; FSA a.6 04.GN.3999; FSA a.6 04.GN.2106; FSA a.6 04.GN.2103; FSA a.6 04.GN.2105; FSA a.6 04.GN.2104; FSA a.6 04.GN.3982; FSA a.6 04.GN.3995; FSA a.6 04.GN.2045; FSA a.6 04.GN.2044; FSA a.6 04.GN.2043; FSA a.6 04.GN.2040; FSA a.6 04.GN.2041; FSA a.6 04.GN.2042; FSA a.6 04.GN.2049; FSA a.6 04.GN.2048; FSA a.6 04.GN.2047; FSA a.6 04.GN.2051; FSA a.6 04.GN.2050; FSA a.6 04.GN.1102; FSA a.6 04.GN.1115; FSA a.6 04.GN.0423; FSA a.6 04.GN.1106; FSA a.6 04.GN.1112; FSA a.6 04.GN.1114; FSA a.6 04.GN.1113; FSA a.6 04.GN.4015; FSA a.6 04.GN.4016; FSA a.6 04.LS.4036; FSA a.6 04.LS.4044; FSA a.6 04.LS.4047; FSA a.6 04.LS.4043; FSA a.6 04.LS.4042; FSA a.6 04.LS.4027; FSA a.6 04.LS.4032; FSA a.6 04.LS.4039; FSA a.6 04.LS.4035; FSA a.6 04.LS.4049; FSA a.6 04.LS.4028; FSA a.6 04.LS.4026; FSA a.6 04.LS.4025; FSA a.6 04.LS.4029; FSA a.6 04.LS.4034; FSA a.6 04.LS.4033; FSA a.6 04.LS.4030; FSA a.6 04.LS.4038; FSA a.6 04.LS.4048; FSA a.6 04.LS.4050; FSA a.6 04.LS.4031; FSA a.6 04.LS.4046; FSA a.6 04.LS.4022; FSA a.6 04.LS.4024; FSA a.6 04.LS.4045; FSA a.6 04.LS.4019; FSA a.6 04.LS.4021; FSA a.6 04.LS.4041; FSA a.6 04.LS.4023; FSA a.6 04.LS.4040; FSA a.6 04.LS.4037; FSA a.6 04.LS.4018; FSA a.6 04.LS.4017; FSA a.6 04.LS.4020."
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 4: Photographic Files; Kuh-i Khwaja and Shahristan (Photo File 29)
Arrangement:
- In early 1970s, Joseph Upton reorganized the whole Herzfeld collection of photographic prints into 42 photographic files, assembling 10 additional files, including Photo File 29, in excess of the 24 existing files arranged by Herzfeld himself. The eight remaining files, File 35 to File 42, are made of duplicate prints provided by the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.
Local Numbers:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers; Photo File 29

FSA A.6 04.PF.29
General:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Natural landscapes  Search this
Panoramas  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Blueprints
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Subseries 4.29
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref21787

Records of Samarra Expeditions

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Dietrich Reimer Verlag (Berlin, Germany)  Search this
Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum  Search this
Verlag Philipp von Zabern  Search this
Anistas Mari, al-Karmili, ab, 1866-1947  Search this
Becker, Carl Heinrich, 1876-1933  Search this
Bell, Gertrude Lowthian, 1868-1926  Search this
Berchem, Max van, 1863-1921  Search this
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Meyer, Eduard, 1855-1930  Search this
Sarre, Friedrich Paul Theodor, 1865-1945  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
186 Items (Field notes: drawings, sketches, sketchbooks, correspondence, notebooks, photographs, blueprints, notes, diaries, prints, journals (accounts), publications, articles, clippings, rubbings.)
Type:
Archival materials
Articles
Blueprints
Clippings
Correspondence
Drawings
Diaries
Journals (accounts)
Notebooks
Photographs
Rubbings
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Lebanon
Syria
Mesopotamia
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Date:
1906-1945
Scope and Contents:
The material from the excavations at Samarra, except for the photographs mounted in Photo Files 19--3, and drawings which are in Series 5: Drawings.
"Two campaigns of excavation at Samarra in Iraq, carried out by Ernst Herzfeld on behalf of the Kaiser Friedrich Museum in Berlin between the years 1911 and 1913 mark the beginning of large-scale archaeological research on Islamic antiquities. During this time, Herzfeld was supported for brief periods by the swiss architect Samuel Guyer, Commander von Ludloff, various technical assistants, and finally Friedrich Sarre, who was the director of the Islamic department at the museum and initiator of the expedition. For most of the time, however, all tasks that today would be divided among a team of archaeologists rested solely on Herzfeld's shoulders: coordinating hundreds of workmen at various sites, measuring buildings, drawing architecture and objects, and cataloging finds, but also negociating with local authorities who were often uncooperative. Still working at a time when the success of a venture such as the Samarra expedition was measured by its spectacular finds in both architecture and precious objects, the immense responsibility for bringing this expedition through the unexplored territories of Islamic archaeology to a successful conclusion presented an enormous physical and psychological challenge. In an effort that from the perspective of modern archaeology must be called Herculean, he excavated and examined nineteen sites [Great Mosque of al-Mutawakkil, Congregational Mosque of Madinat al-Mutawakkiliyya, Shiite Shrine Complex, Qubbat al-Ṣulaibiyya; palaces of Balkuwārā, Ṣūr ʿĪṣā, and the Qaṣr al-ʿĀshiq; the Cemetery at Shabbat al-Hawā; Mausoleum of Imām al-Dūr; Tall al-ʿAlīq; Ḥarba Bridge and finally the residential architecture at al-Quraina, al-Qāṭūn, al-Jubairiyya, and west of Ṣūr ʿĪṣā, and the baths] and collected a stupendous corpus of material, one that in many respects still forms the foundation for our knowledge of the city of Samarra and ʼAbbāsid art in the 3rd/9th centuries. What is astonishing is that Herzfeld himself considered his achievements during the first campaign in Samarra to be merely a dress rehearsal for the more ambitious second campaign which focused on the Dār al-Khilāfa." [Leisten, Thomas, 2003: "Excavation of Samarra, v. I. Architecture : Final report of the first campaign 1910-1912. Verlag Philipp von Zabern, Mainz am Rhein, 2003. Preface, p.IX."]
Arrangement:
135 units of original materials; numbered subseries, kept in the order in which they arrived, and housed in document boxes.
Biographical / Historical:
"Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 07
General:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive, Thomas Leisten's publication, "Excavation of Samarra, vol 1," and Alastair Northedge's publication, "An Interpretation of the Palace of the Caliph at Samarra (Dar Al-Khilafa or Jawsaq Al-Khaqani). In Ars Orientalis, Vol. 23."
Series title in Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive reads, "Records of Samarra Expeditions."
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Field notes related primarly to the two campaigns of excavation at Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq), carried out by Ernst Herzfeld on behalf of the Kaiser Friedrich Museum in Berlin between the years 1911 and 1913.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Papyrus  Search this
Abbasids  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
History  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Religious buildings  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles
Blueprints
Clippings
Correspondence
Drawings
Diaries
Journals (accounts)
Notebooks
Photographs
Rubbings
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 7
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref10431

Photographic Files

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
3609 cyanotypes (photographic prints) (b&w, 16 cm. x 21.7 cm)
343 copy prints (b&w)
3,890 glass plate negatives (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm)
42 lantern slides (color, 10 cm. x 15 cm)
8,541 Photographic prints (b&w, various dimensions)
Type:
Archival materials
Cyanotypes (photographic prints)
Copy prints
Glass plate negatives
Lantern slides
Photographic prints
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Jordan
Lebanon
Syria
Turkey
Mesopotamia
Aleppo (Syria)
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Bīshāpūr (Extinct city)
Bisutun Site (Iran)
Damascus (Syria)
Fīrūzābād (Iran)
Ḥimṣ (Syria)
Iṣfahān (Iran)
Luristān (Iran)
Nahāvand (Iran)
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Paikuli (Iraq)
Palmyra (Syria)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Petra (Extinct city)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Sīstān va Balūchistān (Iran)
Taq-e Bostan Site (Iran)
Tripoli (Lebanon)
Date:
1903-1947
1899-1947
Scope and Contents:
The prints are from three sources: (1) those from glass negatives; (2) those from cut film; and (3) those for which there are no negatives.

The Archive contains Herzfeld's glass negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850. Of most of these he had blueprints made which he had arranged in 16 binders by general categories--i.e. Prehistoric pottery, bronzes, stone; Persepolis; Sasanian monuments; Syrian monuments, Persian architecture and landscapes, etc.--irrespective of the number on the negative. These formed the nucleus for the preparation of the Photo Files. The 16 binders of blueprints have been replaced by Photo Files, Nos. 1--6. The prints in each File are arranged in the same order as the blueprints; and the number of the negative is enclosed in parentheses. Following a brief identification, is a reference to the place where the print has been published, if that is the case and such publication has been located.

In addition to the blueprint binders there were three Albums - Photo Files 25 (Sasanian buildings), 27 (Parthian and Sasanian sculptures) and 28 (Pre-Achaemenian monuments and Pasargadae)--in which Herzfeld had arranged prints in a sequence for study or publication purposes. The order in those Photo Files retains that in the Albums.

In addition to the glass negatives, there is an even larger number of cut films. On his archaeological study trips, Herzfeld was accustomed to supplement his photographs on glass plates with photographs on cut film--sometimes of the same subjects, often of other subjects. Some prints to these negative were identified on the back or could be identified from other prints; but in many instances, especially of landscapes, it has not been possible to place them, except in general categories.

Prints from the cut films have been organized, so far as feasible, in groups of related material and placed in the Photo Files of similar subject matter. The negative number appears in the Photo File. Herzfeld also collected prints from many sources for study purposes. Of those there are no negatives, So far as possible, the prints have been identified and placed in the appropriate Photo File.

The Samarra material, Photo Files 19--23, is in a special category. Files 22 and 23 were arranged in Albums labeled "Paläste und Moscheen-I and -II", respectively. The only identification was written on the backs of the prints, glued to the pages of the Albums. These notations have been transferred to the captions in the Photo Files. These two Albums apparently were arranged by Herzfeld with a view to a publication of the architecture of Samarra which was never prepared. The drawings for such a publication are in this collection.

With such a large number of prints, especially in view of the fact that some were arranged in different fashions for different purposes, it is inevitable that there should be some duplication and that related material may be found in several Photo Files. The only way a user can be sure he has not missed material concerning his particular interest is to examine the Photo File Lists where every print is recorded. Inasmuch as scholars study the same monument from different points of view, the fact that a photograph has been published in one context does not diminish its value in another context.

Note: Photo Files 35--42 consist of Oriental Institute prints of which the negatives are in Chicago. The prints may be published only with the written permission of the Oriental Institute.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 4: Photographic Files," which is composed of b&w glass negatives, color lantern slides, b&w photographic prints (both modern and original), b&w cyanotypes, large format b&w films, and b&w duplicate prints (both modern and original), iwas originally organized into three subseries, the glass n and covers Herzfeld's travels and surveys of the most major archaeological sites in Persia, Mesopotamia and Northern Syria, from 1923 to 1931. It also covers the field activities at Pasargadae (Spring 1928) and of the Persepolis Expedition (1931).
- The Herzfeld Papers in the Archives contains 3,890 glass negatives (FSA A.6 04.GN.0001- to FSA A.6 04.GN.5075), which includes eight sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, and VIII), covers Herzfeld's travels and surveys of the most major archaeological sites in Persia from 1923 to 1924.
The Herzfeld Papers in the Archives contains 3,890 glass negatives, numbered from 1 to 5,066, without any apparent organization. Of most of these, Herzfeld had blueprints made which he had arranged in 16 binders by general categories&#x2014i.e. Prehistoric pottery, bronzes, stone; Persepolis; Sasanian monuments; Syrian monuments, Persian architecture and landscapes, etc.&#x2014irrespective of the number on the negative.
In addition to the glass negatives and blueprints, there are a series of 16 binders made of photographic prints (Photo Files, Nos. 1-16) and three albums (Photo Files, Nos. 25, 27, and 28). As well, approximately 1,069 photographic prints, which have no negatives, arranged in Photo Files 19-23, are in a special category. In File 19, prints of illustrations in Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol. 1: Der Wandschmuck der Bauten von Samarra und seine Ornamentik. In File 20, prints of illustrations in Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol.2: Die Keramik von Samarra von F. Sarre, supplemented by unpublished photos of ceramics. In the same file, prints of illustrations in Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol.6: Die Geschichte der Stadt Samarra. In File 21, prints of illustrations in Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol.3: Die Malereien von Samarra. At the end of the file, there are unpublished photographs. Files 22 and 23 were arranged in Albums labeled "Paläste und Moscheen-I and -II", respectively. These two Albums apparently were arranged by Herzfeld with a view to a publication of the architecture of the palaces, mosques and private houses of Samarra which was never prepared. The only identification, written on the backs of the prints which were glued to the Album page, had a first number in red crayon used in the captions as the negative number. In some cases, an additional number is given in blue crayon, possibly indicating a revision of the list or an alternative negative. The encircled number on the margin gives the position in the Album.
In addition to the glass negatives and the Photo Files, there is an even larger number of cut films and a package of duplicate prints which are, for the most part, unpublished. On his archaeological study trips, Herzfeld was accustomed to supplement his photographs on glass plates with photographs on cut film&#x2014sometimes of the same subjects, often of other subjects.
Arrangement:
- Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 5,075, originally stored in 80 wooden boxes of approximately 50 photographs each, are housed in document boxes and stored on shelves.
- Prints are organized in sequential number following publication series, "Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra." They are arranged in photo file folders which are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves.
Biographical / Historical:
"Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 4
General:
Titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publications and on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
The Papers primarly relate to Herzfeld's survey of the monuments, artifacts, and inscriptions of Western Asia between 1903 and 1947 and particularly to his excavations at Istakhr (Iran), Paikuli (Iraq), Pasargadae (Iran), Persepolis (Iran), Samarra (Iraq) and Kuh-e Khwaja (Iran), as well as various archaeological expeditions throughout Cilicia, Mesopotamia, Northern Syria, and Persia. Additional research material, probably collected by Moritz Sobernheim and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim but preserved by Ernst Herzfeld, was part of a broader project, that of Max van Berchem's "Matériaux pour un Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Abbasids  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Cartography  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Religious buildings  Search this
Royalty (Nobility)  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Shrines  Search this
Textile design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 4
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref10847

N-47: "Trip to Khurramābād and Ahwaz"

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Diarie (1 volume (46 pages), 14.6 cm. x 8 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Notebooks
Place:
Asia
Iraq
Iran
Sīstān va Balūchistān (Iran)
Date:
1928 October 25–November 19
Scope and Contents:
Herzfeld traveled in Reza Shah's party for the inauguration of the new road and took advantage of the opportunity to copy archaeological inscriptions, such as those at Pul-i Kalhur, and record a newly discovered prehistoric grave and contents at Gilwerān.
- FSA A.6 01.01, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-47", provides first an account of an expedition (October 25 to November 19, 1928) to Khurramabad (Iran) in which Herzfeld accompanied Reza Shah for the inauguration of the new road. Herzfeld took advantage of the opportunity to copy archaeological inscriptions, such as those at Pul-i Kalhur, and to record a newly discovered prehistoric grave and contents at Gilweran. The journal also provides an account of an expedition (March 1 to March 19, 1929) from Karachi (Pakistan) to Kuh-e Khwaja (Iran).

- The account of the trip to Khurramabad and Ahwaz reads, "Burūjird, inscription of Masjid-i Jāmi', 1022 H., October 26, 1928 (pp. 2-6); Rezā Shāh, dinner at Khurramābād with gift of engraved silver map, October 28, 1928 (pp. 17-19); Pul-i Kalhur (on Kalkān river by tunnel between Khurramābād and Dizful), sketch: Kufic inscription, 374 H. (pp. 23-24); Rezā Shāh, opening of new road by Shah, October 30, 1928 (pp. 25-26); notes on bridge with sketch: plan of area of bridge, construction, and two identical inscriptions, October 30, 1928 (pp. 30-34); Pul-i Dukhtar (vicinity of Pul-i Kalhur), comments on bridge, October 30, 1928 (p. 36); Rezā Shāh, mired in impassable roads, on foot and by launch to Ahwāz, November 2-3, 1928 (pp. 40-46); Gilwerān (4-5 Klm. from Khurramābād on old road), notes on prehistoric grave with sketch: elevation of grave, as well as pottery and bronzes, November 16, 1928 (pp. 57-62)."

- Additional information from staff reads, "Baghdad, February 17, 1929: list of antiquities (including objects from Tello) with prices in rupees; Thomas Effendi, February 17, 1929: list of antiquities (including objects from Tello) with prices in rupees (pp.73-74.)"

- Additional information from staff reads, "Accounting ledger related to a trip (March 1 to March 19, 1929) from Karachi (Pakistan) to Kuh-e Khwaja (Iran), (pp.75-87)."
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals; Diary of Expedition to Khurramabad (Iran) and Ahwaz (Iran)
Arrangement:
In the original arrangement of the Ernst Herzfeld Archive, Travel Journals were included in a larger body of diverse material acknowledged by Ernst Herzfeld as his study collection. In the early 1970s, Joseph Upton, for research purpose, rearranged the collection and created a specific series (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals, 1905-1928) for eight travel journals. For some reason, Upton has given this journal an accession number related to the series he created for the notebooks (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks, 1904-1946, 1957, n.d.), probably following Herzfeld's original organization.
Local Numbers:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, N-47

FSA A.6 03.047

FSA A.6 01.01
General:
Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Notebooks
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Subseries 1.1
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 1: Travel Journals
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref6211

N-81: "Von Kalat Schergat nach Schiraz, 1905"

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Diarie (1 volume (98 pages), 20.5 cm. x 17.1 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Notebooks
Place:
Asia
Iraq
Iran
Date:
1905 September 4-November 19
Scope and Contents:
Describes the trip by caravan from Schergat to Baghdad, thence to Qasr-i Shirin and from there to Shushtar and Ahwaz. From Ahwaz via Behbehan to Schiraz.
- FSA A.6 01.02, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-81", provides an account of an expedition (September 2 to November 18, 1905) from Assur (Iraq) to Shiraz (Iran). It describes the trip by caravan from Schergat to Baghdad, thence to Qasr-i Shirin and from there to Shushtar and Ahwaz. From Ahwaz via Behbehan to Schiraz.

- Original handwritten title on cover reads: "Ernst Herzfeld; von Kalat Schergat nach Schiraz, 1905"

- Kal'at al-bint (Iraq): Sketch of wall and of groove construction, September 2, 1905, (pp. 1-4).

- Kal'at al-Jebbār (Iraq): Ruins of a city without castle such as Kal'at al-bint including sketch of location, September 2, 1905, (pp. 6-7).

- Tell Dahab (Iraq): Apparently old Assyrian ruins with topographical sketch, also Arab graves with bowl profile, September 2, 1905, (pp. 7-8).

- Tekrit (Iraq): Tekrit al-'Atik, the old Arab city with sketch of ruins (p.9); plan of old staircase (p.10); plan of Naqib's house (p.11); location of old Tekrit (p.12), September 3, 1905, (pp. 8-12).

- Dūr (Iraq): Description of mausoleum with sketch depicting patterns of brick mosaic (p.13), September 4, 1905, (pp. 12-15).

- Jelah (Iraq): Continuous ruinfield along er-Resās canal, September 5, 1905, (p. 15).

- Eski Baghdad (Iraq): Arab city ruins. Praetorian camp with sketch outlining plan of the city (p.15), September 4, 1905, (pp. 15-16).

- Ishnash (near Eski Baghdad): Ruins similar to those in Eski Baghdad, September 4, 1905, (p. 16).

- Qasr al-Ashiq (vicinity of Samarra): Front of bridge (p.17); elevation and plan of blind niches of the northwestern facade and brickwork (p.19), September 4-5, 1905, (pp. 17-20).

- Samarra (Iraq): [Notes on Palace of the Caliph (Dar al-Khilafa, Jawsaq al-Khaqani, Bayt al-Khalifah)]; notes and sketch elevation of ["Triple Entrance" of Great Mosque of al-Mutawakkil] (p.23), September 6, 1905, (pp. 20-23).

- Samarra (Iraq): Description and sketch of [Shiite Shrine complex including the Ghaibat al-Mahdi]; section of city walls (p.25); elevation of golden dome of mosque and cupola of minaret (p.26), September 6, 1905, (pp. 25-27).

- Ba'kūba (Iraq), September 26, 1905, (p. 29).

- Khān abū Gissare (Iraq): Comment on caravan traffic, September 26, 1905, (p. 30).

- Ruins of Zindan [(vicinity of Dastagerd (Iraq)]: Notes and sketch plan of wall with round towers, September 30, 1905, (pp. 30-31).

- Dulāb (near Zindan (Iraq)). Ruins of walls, September 30, 1905, (p. 32).

- Khânigūn (Khanigin, Khāndjûn) (Iraq): Comments on pilgrim traffic to shrines in Iraq, September 29, 1905, (pp. 34-35).

- Qasr-i Shirin (Iran): sketch: "laulam" blossom, September 30 and October 1, 1905, (pp. 36-38).

- Shaikhān Samsam el-mamālek Shīr Muhammad Khān, head of the Kurds in Qasr-i Shīrīn, September 30 and October 1, 1905, (pp. 37-38).

- Kel-i Dāūd (near Sarpūl) [also known as Dukkan i Daud (Iran)], October 2, 1905, (p. 39).

- Tāq-i Girra (Iran): Notes and sketch of back wall of Taq [(Sasanian Palace of Sarvistan)] and braided ornament (p.40), October 2, 1905, (pp. 39-40).

- Paitāq [pass] (Tāq-i Girra (Iran)), October 2-4, 1905, (pp. 39-41).

- Sarpūl (Iran): Recorded location of four rock reliefs on northern wall and on southern wall with sketch map showing location of reliefs, October 3, 1905, (p. 41).

- Notes on Customs administration, October 4-6, 1905, (pp. 41-49).

- Shaikhān Samsam el-mamālek Shīr Muhammad Khān, head of the Kurds in Qasr-i Shīrīn, October 6, 1905, (pp. 45-46).

- Gīlān (Iran): itinerary from Gīlān to Duzdap via Tengaw-Gīlān, October 7-22, 1905, (pp. 50-100) .

- Āsmānābād (Iran): Trip from Gilan to Zarna, comments on Sasanian and earlier ruins, October 8, 1905, (pp. 51-53).

- Kalab Kihil gazi (Iran): Peculiar system of raising water into wooden tubs for watering cattle (forty field wells), October 9, 1905, (p. 53) .

- Zarna (Iran): Old ruins of Kel i Kharābe (Sasanian), virtual stone piles, October 9, 1905, (pp. 53-54).

- Zangawan (Iran) (known with Shīrvān as Māhsabadhān by Arab geographers): Tell, probably Sasanian, with comments on inhabitants, economy and languages and sketch of felt cap and clubs of tribesmen (p.59), October 10, 1905, (pp. 57-64).

- Sīrwān (Shīrvān, Māhsabadhān) (Iran): Sasanian and early Islamic ruins: Kalāwazi, Kel-i bülin, Sarāw Kalān (Kal'a-i Kalān), Marakeš., October 10, 1905, (p. 65).

- Hend e Mīl (Iran): Residence of Jehān Bakhsh. Tombstones of great variety of carved reliefs and Persian letters; tall pointed monuments; and small domes for graves, October 13, 1905, (p. 71).

- Bahrām Chubīn (Iran): Ruins of city similar to Sasanian Derre-i shahr, October 14, 1905, (p. 74).

- Derre-i shahr (Iran) (the old Seimere): Extensive ruins, Sasanian and into the 14th century; probable historical development of area. Sketch: loophole (p.74); bridge (Pul-i Derre shahr) (p.75), October 14, 1905, (pp. 74-75).

- Pul-i Gamaŝan: Ruins near Bahrām Chubīn (Iran), October 14, 1905, (p. 75).

- Imāmzādeh Jawer (Ja'far?), Tomb with mukarnas, October 13, 1905, (p. 76).

- Ambār-i Sēimere (Iran): Residence of Mir Seid Muhammad Khan. "...best and nearest path from Gulf to North Persia...", October 14-15, 1905, (pp. 76-85).

- Abdānān (Iran): Sasanian ruins: Kal'a-i Ābdānān, castle on isolated hill; Kalek-i Ābdānān, small palace in plain; Hazār Ānī, ruins and many smaller ruins. Robbery by Taki Khan, a Direkwand Lur, October 15-22, 1905, (pp. 86-101).

- Peng˘erāw (Iran) (Pengerab): Large Sasanian ruinfield, October 17, 1905, (p. 87).

- Hajji Mulla Ali (Wekil of Lynch in Dizful (Iran)), October 22, 1905, (pp. 99-100).

- Dizful (Iran): Sasanian antiquities seen. Sketch of Talar in house (p.103); upper part of Sasanian silver figure (p.109); Lāle-i 'Abbās, a lily (p.113). Commercial trade in Dizful pp.109-110 and pp.114-116, October 22-25, 1905, (pp. 99-116).

- Herzfeld's reflections on trip through Luristān and comments on characteristics of Persians in Dizful (Iran) (pp.116-118), October 23, 1905, (p. 112).

- Shushtar (Iran): Sketch of a well-house (p.130), October 26-27, 1905, (pp. 127-130).

- Ahwāz (Iran): Sketch: plan of house for Ter Meulen (p.142); plan of location of old barrage, November 1-3, 1905, (pp. 136-144).

- Shaikh Khazāl (Hazāl), Visit to Shaikh on his boat at Muzaffarieh (Iran). Sardar al-'arfa, Gov. of Muhammera and head of all Arabs in Arabistān (1905)., October 31, 1905, (pp. 140-141).

- Bahbehan (Iran): Sketch: Lur and Arab bits (p.156); plan of tent camp of Governor, Ezam al-mulk, November 7-8, 1905, (pp. 156-163).

- Dogumbezan (Iran): Sketch depicting plan of caravansarai and Khan, November 11, 1905, (p. 168).

- Teng-i Serrefī (Iran): Sketch of remains of walls, November 11, 1905, (p. 170).

- Bormamiūn (Iran) area: Sketch of millstones, November 11, 1905, (p. 171).

- Sūl (Iran) (Shūl): Sketch of roof construction, November 15, 1905, (pp. 186-187).
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals; Diary of Expedition from Assur (Iraq) to Shiraz (Iran)
Arrangement:
In the original arrangement of the Ernst Herzfeld Archive, Travel Journals were included in a larger body of diverse material acknowledged by Ernst Herzfeld as his study collection. In the early 1970s, Joseph Upton, for research purpose, rearranged the collection and created a specific series (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals, 1905-1928) for eight travel journals. For some reason, Upton has given this journal an accession number related to the series he created for the notebooks (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks, 1904-1946, 1957, n.d.), probably following Herzfeld's original organization.
Local Numbers:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, N-81

FSA A.6 03.081

FSA A.6 01.02
General:
- Additional information from staff reads, "The handwritten text of the Journal in Gothic script was first transliterated by Mrs. Franz Pariser and later reviewed by Ernst Herzfeld's former collaborator, Friedrich Krefter. Please contact the Archives for digital access to the transliterated copy."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Notebooks
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Subseries 1.2
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 1: Travel Journals
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref6229

N-82: "Von Schiraz nach Teheran und Konstantinopel, 1905"

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Diarie (1 volume (68 pages), 20.5 cm. x 17.1 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Notebooks
Place:
Asia
Azerbaijan
Iran
Turkey
Date:
1905 November 20–1906 January 5
Scope and Contents:
- FSA A.6 01.03, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-82", provides an account of an expedition (November 20, 1905 to January 5, 1906) from Shiraz (Iraq) to Tehran (Iran), then finally to Constantinople (Turkey).

- Original handwritten title on cover reads: "Ernst Herzfeld; von Schiraz nach Teheran and Constantinopel, 1905"

- Barm-i dilak (Iran): Three Sasanian reliefs and [sketch depicting presention a flower], November 23, 1905, (pp. 3-4).

- Qasr-i Abu Nasr (Iran): Notes and sketch of top section of standing door frame, November 23, 1905, (pp. 4-5).

- Persepolis (Iran): Notes and sketches of general site of terrace (p.10), hole for roof timbers (p.11), traces of balustrade on stairs (p.12), and lotus buds in King's hands as well as plan and elevation of southern tomb (p.14), November 24, 1905, (pp. 9-15).

- Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran): Sasanian reliefs and Achaemenian tombs, detail sketch of king's crowns (pp.16-17); elevation of Darius' tomb; Kaaba(p.18); dune-like mound in front of tombs, November 24, 1905, (pp. 15-31).

- Pasargadae (Iran): Sketch of section of old rock-cut road from Sīwand (p.22); plan of immediate area of tomb of Cyrus (pp.23-24); plan of anten of palace (p.29), November 25-26, 1905, (pp. 22-31).

- Yazdikhāst (Iran): Sketch of plan of site of town; tile of caravansarai, November 29, 1905, (pp. 41-42).

- Isfahān (Iran): See also Chehel Sutūn and Hasht Behisht. Discussion of tilework in Isfahān (pp.59-60); sketch of rug pattern (p.61); description of rugs for sale (pp.70-71) with sketch of lily design (p.71), November 29 to December 7, 1905, (pp. 44-75).

- Isfahan (Iran): Sketch of plan of Hasht Behisht, December 1, 1905, (p. 47).

- Isfahan (Iran): Sketch of lion column base of Chehel Sutūn, December 1, 1905, (pp. 49-50).

- Sketch of plan and location of tile panels with detailed description of subjects and colors, December 4, 1905, (pp. 55-58).

- Julfa (Iran): Two churches, December 6, 1905, (pp. 67-69).

- Teheran (Iran): Herzfeld's first visit, December 14-16, 1905, (pp. 81-93).

- Ray (Iran): Tower of silence and ruins, December 16, 1905, (pp. 88-89).

- Rasht (Iran): December 27, 1905, (p. 93).

- Baku (Azerbaijan): Trip from Baku via Elizawetpol, Batum, Platana, Tripolis, Tiflis. Mention of Sinope, Kerazunt, Trapezunt, Sinob, Ineboli, Philippopel to Constantinopel, December 19 to January 2, 1905, (pp. 96 ff).

- Sinope (Turkey): Sketch of plan of harbor (p.110), enroute from Persia to Germany, December 28, 1905, (p. 110).

- Constantinople (Turkey): Visits to Aga Sofia and the Museum, January 3, 1906, (p. 122 ff).
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals; Diary of Expedition from Shiraz (Iran) to Constantinople (Turkey)
Arrangement:
In the original arrangement of the Ernst Herzfeld Archive, Travel Journals were included in a larger body of diverse material acknowledged by Ernst Herzfeld as his study collection. In the early 1970s, Joseph Upton, for research purpose, rearranged the collection and created a specific series (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals, 1905-1928) for eight travel journals. For some reason, Upton has given this journal an accession number related to the series he created for the notebooks (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks, 1904-1946, 1957, n.d.), probably following Herzfeld's original organization.
Local Numbers:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, N-82

FSA A.6 03.082

FSA A.6 01.03
General:
- Additional information from staff reads, "The handwritten text of the Journal in Gothic script was first transliterated by Mrs. Franz Pariser and later reviewed by Ernst Herzfeld's former collaborator, Friedrich Krefter. Please contact the Archives for digital access to the transliterated copy."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Notebooks
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Subseries 1.3
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 1: Travel Journals
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref6330

N-83: "Tagebuch. Persien I, 1923"

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Diarie (1 volume (72 pages), 20.5 cm. x 17 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Notebooks
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Date:
1923 February 14–November 14
Scope and Contents:
From Berlin to Pasargadae via Basra, Baghdad, Paikuli, Tāq-i Bustān, Hamadan, Teheran, Khurha, Qum and Isfahan.
- FSA A.6 01.04, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-83", provides an account of an expedition (February 14, 1923 to November 14, 1923) from Berlin (Germany) to Pasargadae (Iran), via Bombay (india) and Karrachi (Pakistan), then following ancient caravan roads via Baghdad (Iraq), Paikuli (Iraq), hamadan (Iran), Tehran (Iran), Isfahan (Iran), to finally reach Shiraz (Iran) and the monuments in its vicinity.

- Original handwritten title on cover reads: "Ernst Herzfeld; Tagebuch, Persien I, 1923"

- Ab-i'arm, near Khurha (Iran): Sketch plan of bath, (p. 1).

- Bombay (India): Refused permission to disembark, March 16, 1923, (p. 1).

- Karrachi (Pakistan): Refused permission to disembark, March 18, 1923, (p. 8).

- Zubair (old Basra) (Iraq): Comparison with Samarra (Iraq), March 24, 1923, (p. 9).

- Baghdad (Iraq) and Ctesiphon (Iraq): Notes on Talisman Tor, Mustansiriyya Madrasa, Sultanatspaläste, in der Zitadelle, Mirjāniyya Madrasa, Khan Ortma. Side trips to Ctesiphon. Comments on British and Arab personalities and on political views of Egyptians, March 25 to May 24, 1923, (pp. 10-36).

- Miss Gertrude Bell, quote "uncrowned Queen of Iraq," April 5, 1923, (p. 12).

- Samarra (Iraq): Visit with comments of personalities, state of ruins and Caliph's palace. Comparison of ruins with Kufa (p.21); of mosques with those at Nejef and Qazwin (p.22); and fate of the lost finds from Samarra during World War I., April 9-16, 1923, (pp. 15-16).

- al-Kharsuin (Iraq): Visit and observation re ruins, probably Nebukadnezar's time. Sketch: plan of temple with ziggurat, April 17, 1923, (p. 16).

- Taq (Iraq): Visit to and comments, April 19, 1923, (pp. 17-18).

- Salman Pak (Iraq): Sketch of two carved stucco ornaments, April 19, 1923, (pp. 19).

- Baghdad (Iraq): Daniel, Menachem, Baghdad philantropist; Sarkis, Yusuf (Baghdad), "very fine library, almost complete about Iraq," April 25, 1923, (p. 19).

- Vicinity of Kufa (Iraq): Sanctuary of Dhuʹl-Kifl, April 27, 1923, (pp. 19-21).

- Nejef (Iraq): Safavid entrance to mosque compared with mosques in Samarra (Iraq) and Qazvin (Iran), April 28, 1923, (pp. 22).

- Baghdad (Iraq): Khayyat, Djirdjis (antique dealer, Baghdad), important antiquities for sale: Hellenistic, Parthian, Sasanian and Islamic, May 12, 1923, (pp. 23-25).

- Bahrām V GÅr; silver plate in possession Khayyat, May 12, 1923, (pp. 24-25).

- Account of fate of Babylon expedition finds during World War I: May 1923, (pp. 27-30).

- Fate during World War I of Sarre's "hebb", (p. 31).

- More discussion of antiquities, including important Sasanian bullae, May 18, 1923, (pp. 32-35).

- Warka (Iraq): Sasanian bullae, May 18, 1923, (pp. 32-35).

- Deli 'Abbas (Iraq): Trip from Baghdad via Khan Bani Sa'ad, Nahrawan, Ba'quba, Khan al-Musabbagh, Abu Saida to Deli 'Abbās, with comments on Arab and British officials, May 24-26, 1923, (pp. 37-41).

- Kal'at al-Mufti (Iraq): The larger of two Tells between Abu Saida and Deli 'Abbas, May 26, 1923, (p. 39).

- Qara Tepe (Iraq): Trip from Deli 'Abbas via Nahr Shohane, Tell Manzil (Ishtar-statuette), Khir Suweine, Qyshla Suweine (ruins), Kashheh Pass, Narimchai. Comments on inhabitants and landscape, May 27, 1923, (pp. 41-44).

- Kallan (Iraq): Trip from Kifri via Sarkalan and Kallan (Kal'a-i Shirwana), May 29, 1923, (pp. 49-51).

- Trip to Paikuli (Iraq) via Zhala and work there, including new names in inscriptions, May 30 to June 7, 1923, (pp. 51-53).

- Trip from Paikuli (Iraq) via Diagiaish, Qaslan, Darband, Khan-i Naft to Sarpul, June 7, 1923, (p. 52).

- Darband Gorge (Kurdistan): Babylonian reliefs and ruins, June 9, 1923, (pp. 54-55).

- Sarpul (Iran): Made squeezes of inscriptions. Arsacid relief with Pahlavi inscription of Ardvaran V (Hartaban), June 11-12, 1923, (p. 55-57).

- Dukkan i Daud (Iran), June 13 1923, (pp. 57-58).

- Kerind (Iran): Building remains, June 14, 1923, (pp. 59).

- Firuzabad (Iran): In the valley from Kerind a whole series of Tells. Nearby the rock drawing of an ibex, June 14, 1923, (p. 59-60).

- Husainabad (Iran): Large Tell, June 15, 1923, (pp. 60).

- Hasanabad (Iran): Many Tells, two meaningful, June 16, 1923, (pp. 61).

- Harnawa (Harunabad) (Iran): Many old settlements, June 16, 1923, (pp. 61).

- Kermanshah (Iran), June 21, 1923, (pp. 62-64).

- Taq-i Bustan (Iran): Small grotto: Shapur II and III. Squeezes of textiles of hunting reliefs in large grotto of Khusro II. Notes on Kale-i Khusrawi, June 21-24, 1923, (pp. 64-69).

- Kale i Khosrowi (Iran): Sketch of ruins, June 21, 1923, (p. 67).

- Tell Ciah-i Gulan (Iran), June 21, 1923, (p. 67).

- Hajjiabad and Bisutun (Iran): Column bases and capitals, Sasanian or Arsacid, June 26, 1923, (pp. 69-70).

- Bisutun (Iran): Sasanian capital, Khusro II; Parthian worshipper; relief of Mithradates II; inscriptions of Darius, Mithradates and Gotarzes; 12-13th c. tombstones, June 26, 1923, (pp. 70-72).

- Dinawar (Iran): Pre-Sasanian monuments. Tell Nasiliyan, Tell Shahr-i Dagianus, June 27, 1923, (p. 72).

- Adjin (Iran), June 28, 1923, (p. 73).

- Sunghur (Iran): Imamzadeh in the city and Imamzadeh Malag outside; Kufic tombstones; and comments on the inhabitants, June 25-26, 1923, (pp. 74-76).

- Asadabad (Iran), June 29, 1923, (p. 76).

- Ferman Ferma, owner of Adjin. For rock sculpture of father, Timur Mirza, see under Pul Abginne. In 1905 Ferman Ferma Governor of Kirmanshah, Burujird, Luristan, June 29, 1923, (p. 76).

- Hamadan (Iran): Lion, Esther's tomb. Gumbad-i Alawiyyan, Imamzadeh Baba Tahir, Kufic tombstones in cemetery Sar-i ahl-i qubur, antiquities for sale, July 1-4, 1923, (pp. 77-82).

- Ab-i'arm (Iran), July 4, 1923, (p. 82).

- Qazvin (Iran): Trip from Hamadan to Qazvin via Ab-i Garm. Mosque compared with that in Nejef, July 5-6, 1923, (pp. 83-84).

- Qazvin (Iran) to Teheran (Iran), July 8-9, 1923, (pp. 84-85).

- Teheran (Iran): Visit to photographic studio of Sevruguin, July 9, 1923, (p. 85).

- Teheran (Iran): No diary, July 10 to September 30, 1923.

- Ray (Iran): Camped at Citadel, October 1, 1923, (p. 86).

- Varamin (Iran): Recorded all inscriptions, October 2-3, 1923, (pp. 86-88).

- Qum (Iran): Trip from Waramin via Abarik, Hajjiabad, Karimabad, Sar-i Masila, Muhammadabad, Kadj, Kumrad, Qara Tepe. Treasures of the Shrine. Older grave towers of 761/1359 and 792/1390, October 4-6, 1923, (pp. 88-91).

- Qara Tepe (Iran): Ruin mound on the edge of the salt desert enroute to Qum, October 5, 1923, (p. 90).

- Qum (Iran): Gunbad-i Sabz, inscriptions noted and visit to three sanctuaries, October 7, 1923, (pp. 91-92).

- Daghun (Iran): Stone lions; Imamzadeh Ja'far, restored by Shah 'Abbas I, October 8, 1923, (pp. 92-94).

- Husainabad (Iran) (between Dāghun and Khurha): Trip via Daulatabad, Kal'a Tcham, Deh-i NÅ, October 9, 1923, (pp. 94).

- Khurba (Iran): Notes on temple ruins, graves and ceramics. Sketch: possible plan and sockel of corner column, October 10-12, 1923, (pp. 95-101).

- Dilijan (Iran): From Khurha to Dilijān via Nāin and Āb-i Garm. Popular conception of "antiques" of peasants of Dilijan. Sketch: plan of old bath (inside covers of N-83), October 13, 1923, (pp. 101-102).

- Personal comments on Misc. topics, 1923 Oct. 13. Comments on possible results of current political attitudes in Germany under Streseman, October 13, 1923, (pp. 102-104).

- Dilijan-Isfahan (Iran): Itineraries, October 14, 1923, (p. 104).

- Reflections on what caused the ruin of the Orient, October 14, 1923, (pp. 104-106).

- Quruqtchai (Iran): Trip from Quruqtchai to Wandadeh, October 15 1923, (p. 106).

- General observations on Persian people and politics, October 15, 1923, (pp. 106-108).

- Wandadih (Iran): Trip via Mehme and Djoshagan-i qali. Notes on limestone doors, October 16, 1923, (pp. 108-109).

- Observations on the historic relationships between the Slavs and Western Europe, October 16, 1923, (p. 109-111).

- Comments on donkeys and horses, October 17, 1923, (pp. 111-112).

- Gez (Iran), October 18, 1923, (pp. 113-120).

- Observations on British customs, war memorials and cultural and political conditions in Europe, October 18, 1923, (pp. 113-120).

- Isfahan-Bushire and Shiraz-Bushire, October 18, 1923, (pp. 114-115).

- Isfahan (Iran): Chehel Sutun with reliquaries (pp.124, 126); Masjid-i 'Ali (pp.122, 127); Mashid-i Jum'a (pp.122, 128); Shahristan with minaret "Chan Rustan" (p.127) Masjid-i Shah (p.127); Imamzadeh Isma'il (Jewish Nabi 'Isaya) (pp. 127, 130); Chehel Dukhtaran madrasa (p.128); Chinar-i Dalbati (p.128); Minare-Baba Tuteb (p.129); Baba Sukhta (pp.128, 129); Baghuch Khana (p.129); Tabariq (p.129); Baba Qasim (pp.129, 130); Takht-i Pulad (pp.129, 132); Harun-i Wilaya (p.130); Ja'fariyya (p.130); entrance of Qaisariyya (p.130); Hasht Behisht (pp.130, 132), October 19 to November 7, 1923, (pp. 124-132).

- Isfahan (Iran), October 20-23, 1923, (pp. 120-124).

- Isfahan (Iran): Sketch: Location of paintings, discussion of Chehel Sutun and objects in museum (Korans, Wasf-nāmeh), October 23, 1923, (p. 124).

- Isfahan (Iran), October 25, 1923, (p. 127).

- Pir Bakran (Iran): Sketch of glazed tile, November 6, 1923, (pp. 132).

- Abadeh (Iran): Trip from Isfahan via Marg, Maqsud Beg, Yezdikhast. Conversations with officials in Abadeh, November 7-10, 1923, (pp. 132-133).

- Khan-i Khurra (Iran): Eight-sided Safavid caravansarai between Dehbid and Abadeh, November 11, 1923, (p. 136).

- Qadirabad (Iran): Trip from Dehbid, November 12, 1923, (pp. 138-139).

- Pasargadae (Iran): Sketch: detail of columns and bases; doorway of tomb of Cyrus, November 13-14, 1923, (p. 139-143).
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals; Expedition to Persia, Diary 1
Arrangement:
In the original arrangement of the Ernst Herzfeld Archive, Travel Journals were included in a larger body of diverse material acknowledged by Ernst Herzfeld as his study collection. In the early 1970s, Joseph Upton, for research purpose, rearranged the collection and created a specific series (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals, 1905-1928) for eight travel journals. For some reason, Upton has given this journal an accession number related to the series he created for the notebooks (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks, 1904-1946, 1957, n.d.), probably following Herzfeld's original organization.
Local Numbers:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, N-83

FSA A.6 03.083

FSA A.6 01.04
General:
- Additional information from staff reads, "The handwritten text of the Journal in German was transliterated and reviewed by Ernst Herzfeld's former collaborator, Friedrich Krefter, with the assistance of his wife, Maria Krefter. Please contact the Archives for digital access to the transliterated copy."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Notebooks
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Subseries 1.4
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 1: Travel Journals
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref6367

N-84: Tagebuch. Persien II, 1923-1924

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Diarie (1 volume (90 pages), 20.5 cm. x 17 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Notebooks
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Date:
1923 November 15-1924 April 30
Scope and Contents:
From Pasargadae to Bushire via Naqsh-i Rustam, Persepolis, Shīrāz, Istakhr, Fīruzābād, Farrāshband, Sar Mashhad, Bīshāpūr, Dā u Dukhtar and Khārg.
- FSA A.6 01.05, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-84", provides an account of Herzfeld's field work (November 13, 1923 to January 5, 1924) to Shiraz (Iran) and the archaeological sites in its vicinity such as Pasargadae (Iran), Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran), Persepolis (Iran), and Istakhr (Iran), as well as an account of an expedition (March 3, 1924 to April 30, 1924) following the Firuzabad road from Shiraz (Iran) to Fīruzabad (Iran) and Farrashband (Iran), then moving north via Sar Mashhad (Iran), the ancient city of Bishapur (Iran), Nurabad (Iran), and Jinjan (Iran) (also called Jinjun). Finally, departing from Bushihr (Iran) (also called Bushire), Herzfeld visited the Island of Kharg (Iran).

- Original handwritten title on cover reads: "Ernst Herzfeld; Tagebuch, Persien II, 1923-1924"

- Pasargadae (Iran): Notes on ruins around tomb of Cyrus, 7th c. H; caravansarai, 8th c. H.; bath, Safavid. Sketch of two painted potsherds; rough topographical plan of citadel and surrounding area; section of polished stone from altar; section Achaemenid road between Pasargadae and SIwand, November 13-18, (pp. 1-11).

- Reviews past experience and worries about vast amount of study material accumulated, November 16, 1923, (pp. 7-8).

- Pasargadae (Iran): Photographs taken, November 17, 1923, (p. 9).

- Kamin (Iran) and Siwand (Iran): Sketch of roof tile, November 19, 1923, (pp. 10-11).

- Comments on Democracy and Mussolini, November 19, 1923, (pp. 12-13).

- Hajjiabad (Iran), November 19, 1923, (p. 15).

- Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran): Study of tombs and reliefs; squeezes of cuneiform, Greek and Pahlavi inscriptions; notes on Achaemenian city and plan of area. Sketch: sarcophagi in tomb of Darius, November 20-26, 1923, (pp. 15-26).

- Imamzadeh Shah Isma'il (Iran): Astodans. Sketch of elevation of one tomb, November 24, 1923, (pp. 21-22).

- Daulatabad (Iran): Comparison of ceramics with those at Naqsh-i Rustam, November 25, 1923, (p. 25).

- Firuz Mirza, Nusrat al-daula, son of Ferman Ferma. Visit to Persepolis as Governor-General. of Fars with distinguished company. Also to Naqsh-i Rajab, Naqsh-i Rustam, Istakhr, Band-i Amir via Hadjiabad (Achaemenian ruins). Comments of Prince Firuz on excavations and preservation of monuments, November 26-31, 1923, (pp. 26-31).

- Persepolis (Iran): Preparation of plan; squeezes of all inscriptions-cuneiform, Arabic, Pahlavi and Persian; notes on graffiti, sculptures, ceramics, neighboring ruins. Sketch of plan of terrace (p.47); wing of Ahuramazda symbol with traces of color , November 30 to December 22, 1923, (pp. 31-58).

- Shiraz (Iran): Visit to Hāfiziyya (pp.61-62); to Chehel Tan and Haft Tan (p.62 and 72); to Qasr-i Abū Nasr and Barm-i dilak (pp.65-67); references by Persians to ruins in and near Shīrāz (pp.68/69); visit to Mashriqain (pp.69-70), Sketch: pp.69-70; notes on city gates, Khātūn and Shāh Dā'ī allah. Information from British Consul, Mr. Chick, re Sar Mashhad, Khārg, the oil regions, Bushire, Rēshahr, Gumeck, December 23 to March 2, 1923, (pp. 59-72).

- Kale-i Bandar (old Pahndizh, Shiraz) (Iran): Sketch of site and deep well, December 29, 1923, (p. 61).

- Qasr abu Nasr (Iran), December 31, (p. 65 ff).

- Barm-i Dilak (Iran), December 31, 1923, (pp. 65-67).

- Shiraz (Iran): Processing glass negatives, January 2, 1924, (pp. 67-68).

- Mashriqain (Iran), January 3, 1924, (pp. 69-70).

- Shiraz (Iran), January 5, 1924, (p. 71).

- Nagsh-i Rustam (Iran): Checked inscriptions and comments on dating of tombs, March 3-4, 1924, (pp. 72-74).

- Kuh-i Girdelak (Iran): Astodan (astudan) with inscription and two Shapur I Pahlavi inscriptions, March 4-5, 1924, (pp. 74-75).

- Istakhr (Iran): Comment on city area, the mosque, city gate, date and list of types of ceramics. Sketch: plan of ruins and gateway, March 5-8, 1924, (pp. 75-83).

- Persepolis (Iran): Discovery of astodan; notes on European graffiti, grave mounds; Fratadara reliefs, city limits, March 8-13, 1924, (pp. 83-96).

- Corpus Inscriptionum Partharicarum, Outline, March 9, 1924, (pp. 85-88, 91).

- Corpus of Arabic Inscriptions in Persia, Outline, March 9, 1924, (pp. 88-90).

- List of photographs taken at Persepolis, Istakhr, Shah Sherwan, Naqsh-i Rajab, Naqsh-i Rustam, (pp. 92-94).

- Arrangements with Firuz Mirza re publication of report with recommendations for preservation of ruins, March 14, 1924, (p. 96).

- Proclamation of Persian Republic awaited on 20th, the eve of No Ruz, March 19, 1924, (p. 100).

- Tiyun (Iran): Trip from Shiraz via Pul-i Fasa, March 20 1924, (pp. 102).

- Kavar (Iran): Trip from Tiyun via Fakhrabad, March 20, 1924, (pp. 103).

- Verses of a poem commencing "War es der Wind...", March 20, 1924, (pp. 104-105).

- Khajai (Iran): Trip from 'Kawar Sarai. Table reckoning travel time from Bishapur to Bushire, March 21, 1924, (pp. 105-106).

- Another try at poem beginning "Hände satteln flink die Pferde...", March 21, 1924, (pp. 107).

- Firuzabad (Iran): Notes on gorge. Kaleh-i Dukhtar, Kale-i Pisar, the bridge and inscription, reliefs, and Ardashir's palace. (3/24-25). The old round city, Ardashir Khurreh, the tower (pp.110-114). see Dashtak siyāh for Imāmzādeh Ja'far, March 22-23, 1924, (pp. 108-110).

- Firuzabad (Iran): list of photographs taken, March 22, 1924, (pp. 109, 111-112).

- Dashtak Siyah (Iran): Imamzadeh Ja'far, March 26, 1924, (p. 115-118).

- Comments on approaches to art history and to life in general; and on Persia's three great periods: Achaemenid, early Sasanian and Buwayid, March 26, 1924, (p. 116-118).

- Farrashband (Iran): Sasanian ruins and Chahar Taq, reminiscent of Alamundar church in Rusafa. Sketch: plan of Chahar Taq, March 27, 1924, (pp. 119-120).

- Qanatabagh (Iran): With Tells and Sasanian city ruins, March 28, 1924, (pp. 120-121).

- Sar Mashhad (Iran): Six groups of Sasanian ruins between Qanatabagh and Sar Mashhad, 28-mile stretch. Three Chahar Taqs, relief of Bahram II and inscription of Kartir. Sketch: hand of King holding Queen's arm, March 29-30, 1924, (p. 122-128).

- List of photograph taken at Sar Mashhad (iran) and Farrashband (Iran), March 30, 1924, (p. 125-126).

- Sar Mashhad (Iran): Relief of Bahram II, March 30, 1924, (pp. 127).

- Ribattak (Iran), March 31, 1924, (p. 128).

- Pul Abginne (Iran), between Ribattak and Kazerun: Rock relief of Timur Mirza, father of Farman Farma (Qajar Period), April 2, 1924, (pp. 129).

- Bishapur (Iran): Detailed notes on Sasanian reliefs (Shāpūr I, Bahrām I and II) and on Shāpūr I statue in cave, April 3-7, 1924, (p. 129-143).

- Kazerun (Iran), April 3, 1924, (pp. 130-131).

- Bishapur (Iran): List of photograph and sketch of cave and figure; plan and location of sculptures and cave, April 7, 1923, (pp. 132-133, 138-139).

- Bishapur (Iran): Bahram I, comments on relief, April 7, 1923, (p. 136).

- Bishapur (Iran): Reliefs, April 7, 1923, (p. 140-143).

- List of photographs taken at Persepolis (Iran), April 7, 1923, (pp. 144-157).

- List of photographs taken at Naqsh-i Bahram, Mil-i Azdaha, Kurangun, Da u Dukhtar, Dar Ahani, Jinjun, Kale-i Safid, Bishapur (Iran), (p. 155).

- Saraw Bahram (Iran): Relief of Bahram II, full-face. Sketch: details of sculpture, April 8, 1923, (pp. 156).

- Nurabad (Iran): Imamzadeh Dar ahani, sketch: plan of shrine (p.157); elevation and plan of second Imamzadeh (p.158), April 9, 1923, (pp. 157-159).

- Tulespid (Iran): Ruins of Achaemenian city with notes on geography of area. See also Fahliun for reference to inscribed tile, April 10, 1923, (pp. 160-161).

- Jinjun (Iran): Ruins with Achaemenian column bases reminiscent of Persepolis, April 10, 1923, (pp. 161-162).

- Sih Tulul (Iran): , April 10, 1923, (pp. 162).

- Husainabad (Iran): Description of pre-Sasanian area and rock relief of Kurangun, near Fahlian, April 11, 1923, (p. 162-165).

- Da u Dukhtar (Iran), near Husainabad: Rock tomb, type of Persepolis tombs, with discussion of dating. Sketch: architectural details , April 12 1923, (p. 165-167).

- Fahliyun, also called Fahlian (Iran): Also visited, with Kaleh Safid, in 1905. Tomb of Shaikh, 716 H. and Kufic rock inscription. Reference to inscribed tile (Elamite ?) found in Tulespid, April 13, 1923, (pp. 168-169).

- Baba Munir (Iran): Imamzadeh, 894 H, April 15, 1923, (pp. 169).

- Historical role of Germany since Charlemagne. Applies the thesis "Morality can only be judged by intention" to historical developments in the Near East and Europe, April 15, 1923, (p. 170-175).

- Ganawa (Iran): Trip from Baba Munir to Kharg via oil fields and Ganawa, April 16-17, 1923, (pp. 175-176).

- Notes on rock tombs (reminiscent of Palmyra) and Imamzadeh Mir Muhammad (date of Ja'fariyyah in Isfahan and Waramin, etc. Sketch of crosses and other symbols on tombs, April 18-22, 1923, (pp. 175-177).

- Bushire (Iran): Enroute to Europe, April 22-28, 1923, (pp. 177-178).
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals; Expedition to Persia, Diary 2
Arrangement:
In the original arrangement of the Ernst Herzfeld Archive, Travel Journals were included in a larger body of diverse material acknowledged by Ernst Herzfeld as his study collection. In the early 1970s, Joseph Upton, for research purpose, rearranged the collection and created a specific series (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals, 1905-1928) for eight travel journals. For some reason, Upton has given this journal an accession number related to the series he created for the notebooks (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks, 1904-1946, 1957, n.d.), probably following Herzfeld's original organization.
Local Numbers:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, N-84

FSA A.6 03.084

FSA A.6 01.05
General:
- Additional information from staff reads, "The handwritten text of the Journal in German was transliterated and reviewed by Ernst Herzfeld's former collaborator, Friedrich Krefter, with the assistance of his wife, Maria Krefter. Please contact the Archives for digital access to the transliterated copy."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Notebooks
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Subseries 1.5
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 1: Travel Journals
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref6531

N-85: "Afghanistan -Ostpersien I. 1924-1925"

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Diarie (1 volume (141 pages), 15.5 cm. x 20 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Notebooks
Place:
Asia
Afghanistan
India
Iran
Iraq
Pakistan
Date:
1924 December 1-1925 March 21
Scope and Contents:
The Journal ends at Salami, just before Herzfeld reached Mashhad. From Bombay to Mashhad via Kabul, Sistan (Kūh-i Khwāja and Shahristān), Kuhistan (Birjand, Khargird). Journal No.II which would cover the stay in Mashhad and the trip to Tehran via Sangbast, Nishapur, Sabzevar, Damghan, Bistam, Radkan and Simnan is not in the Archive.
- FSA A.6 01.06, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-85", provides an account of Herzfeld's visits (December 1924 and January 1925) to museums in Bombay and Delhi (India), Kabul (Afghanistan), Karrachi and Peshawar (Pakistan), as well as an account of an expedition (January 25, 1925 to March 21, 1925) from Zahedan, in the province of Sistan and Baluchestan (Iran), to Salami (Iran), a village south of Mashhad (Iran) in the province of Khorasan. During this trip which ultimately led him to Tehran (Iran), Herzfeld visited Kuh-i Khwaja (Iran), Shahristan (Iran), Birjand (Iran), Qa'In (Iran), and Khargird (Iran). Finally, many historical notes are to be found throughout the diary.

- Original handwritten title on cover reads: "Ernst Herzfeld; Afghanistan - Ostpersien I, 1924-1925"

- Taxila (Pakistan): Sketch of temple and tower, October 14-15, 1924, (pp. 1-2).

- Peshawar (Pakistan): Sketch of gray stone dish, "Opferschale", November 16, 1924, (pp. 2-3).

- Kabul (Afghanistan): Notes on objects in Museum, including Korans. Sketch of turban and cap on figures from Kafiristan, December 1, 1924, (pp. 4-6).

- Notes on inscribed sarcophagus. Sketch: Kufic (p.8); water-jug (p.9), (pp. 8-9).

- Sistan (Iran): Notes on Auzdar and other Tells, January 25 - February 4, 1925, (pp. 10-11).

- Sistan (Iran): Auzdar, Achaemenian ruins, March 25, 1925, (p. 11).

- Shahristan (Iran): Description of ruins "more a large fortress, than a city". Believes to be pre-Islamic city "Rāmshehrestān". Sketch: plan of fortress (p.22); plan of domed building (p.23); pottery shapes (pp.25-26); plan of another domed building (p.26), February 11-14, 1925, (pp. 19-27).

- Baghdad (Iraq): Khan Ortuma, 1923, (p. 20).

- Qasimabad (Iran): Notes on tower, inscription etc. Sketch: knotted character of Kufic script (p.37), February 15-16, 1925, (pp. 35-38).

- Bishapur (Iran): Returned from Qasimabad, January 1, 1925, (p. 38).

- Bishapur (Iran): Again at Kuh-i Khwaja, February 25, 1925, (p. 70).

- Kaleh-i dukhtar (near Ribāt-i Safīd) (Iran): Sketch of fire-temple at Kale-i dukhtar, also plans of fire-temples at Hatra, Shahristan, Qasr-i Shirin, Farrashband, Kuh-i Khwaja and Samarra, February 25, 1925, (pp. 70a-71).

- Khunik (Iran): Types of domed house construction in Sistan. Sketch: plans and elevations of typical examples, March 5, 1925, (p. 102).

- Neh (Iran): Sketch of vertical windmill, March 5, 1925, (p. 103).

- Personal comments, speculations on the great political events of the past 100 years; and appeals for the recognition of culture, knowledge and art as the bases of civilization, February 25, 1925, (pp. 104-108).

- Qa'in (Kuhistan, Iran): Mosque inscription of Qādī Shams al-dīn al-Qārāni, c. 770 H., March 9, 1925, (p. 119).

- Birjand (Kuhistan, Iran): Notes on types of house plans and domes between Birjand and Dastgird. Sketches of plans, March 9, 1925, (pp. 119-121).

- Sehdeh (Kuhistan, Iran): Notes on Ismailite fortresses in area, March 13, 1925, (p. 126).

- Abuzar (Kuhistan, Iran): Ruins of Ismaili fortress with shrine, March 15, 1925, (pp. 130-131).

- Abuzar (Kuhistan, Iran): Notes on fortress. Sketch: section of plan of fortress, March 15, 1925, (pp. 130-131).

- Qa'in (Kuhistan, Iran): Notes on mosque, March 15, 1925, (p. 134).

- Khargird (Iran): Detailed notes on Nizāmiyya mosque and Ghiyāthiyya madrasa. Sketch: section plan of mosque (p.138); Ghiyāthiyya inscriptions (p.139); tile panel of madrasa (p.141); painted tile (p.142); door inscription of madrasa (p.143), March 20-21, 1925, (pp. 137-143).
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals; Diary of Expedition from Kabul (Afghanistan) to Mashhad (Iran)
Arrangement:
In the original arrangement of the Ernst Herzfeld Archive, Travel Journals were included in a larger body of diverse material acknowledged by Ernst Herzfeld as his study collection. In the early 1970s, Joseph Upton, for research purpose, rearranged the collection and created a specific series (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals, 1905-1928) for eight travel journals. For some reason, Upton has given this journal an accession number related to the series he created for the notebooks (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks, 1904-1946, 1957, n.d.), probably following Herzfeld's original organization.
Local Numbers:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, N-85

FSA A.6 03.085

FSA A.6 01.06
General:
- Additional information from staff reads, "Only part of the handwritten text of the Journal in German was transliterated and reviewed by Ernst Herzfeld's former collaborator, Friedrich Krefter, with the assistance of his wife, Maria Krefter. Please contact the Archives for digital access to the transliterated copy."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Notebooks
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Subseries 1.6
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 1: Travel Journals
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref6667

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