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John Paul Visscher Papers

Topic:
The Nature and Extent of Fouling of Ships' Bottoms (Monograph : 1928)
Creator::
Visscher, John Paul, 1895-1950  Search this
Extent:
2.36 cu. ft. (4 document boxes) (1 5x8 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
circa 1922-1945 and undated
Descriptive Entry:
These papers document Visscher's investigations on marine fouling of ship bottoms and include general correspondence, 1922-1945; photographs of ship fouling; manuscripts; and research notes and reports on ship fouling.
Historical Note:
John Paul Visscher (1895-1950) was born in Holland, Michigan. He received his A.B. degree from Hope College, Holland, Michigan, 1917, and his A.M. and Ph.D. degrees from Johns Hopkins University, 1920 and 1924. Visscher served with the United States Army during World War I, as Lieutenant in the Chemical Warfare Service. His first teaching position was at Washington University, St. Louis, where he served as Instructor of Zoology from 1920 to 1922. In 1924, he joined the staff of Western Reserve University as Assistant Professor of Biology. He was promoted to Associate Professor in 1926, Professor in 1931, and Head of the Biology Department in 1937. Visscher remained at Western Reserve University until his death in 1950.

Visscher's primary interest was protozoology. He also did extensive research on marine fouling of ships' bottoms. From 1922 to 1925, Visscher spent his summers as a special investigator for the United States Bureau of Fisheries, examining marine fouling on United States Navy and commercial ships. This research led to the publication of The Nature and Extent of Fouling of Ships' Bottoms in 1928. During 1935 and 1936, Visscher served as special investigator for the United States Navy's Division of Construction and Repair. In 1945 and 1946, he acted as a consultant at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D.C.
Topic:
Invertebrate zoology  Search this
Protozoology  Search this
Marine fouling organisms  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7239, John Paul Visscher Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7239
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John Paul Visscher Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7239

National Systematics Laboratory Records

Creator::
United States. National Marine Fisheries Service  Search this
Extent:
4 cu. ft. (4 record storage boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Date:
1955-1994
Descriptive Entry:
Isabel C. PĂ©rez Farfante (married name Canet) was born in Havana, Cuba on July 24, 1916. She received her Ph.D. from Radcliffe College in 1948. She was a professor and researcher at the University of Havana; director of the Cuban Centro de Investigaciones Pesqueras; and associate in Invertebrate Zoology, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University. She worked at the United States National Marine Fisheries Service, National Systematics Laboratory until her retirement in 1986 when she became Carcinologist Emeritus. She has authored zoology textbooks and numerous papers on the systematics of penaeoid shrimps. This accession consists of her correspondence and subject files while working at the National Systematics Laboratory. Materials include black and white photographs, color photographs, color slides, correspondence, and newspaper clippings.
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Penaeus  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Clippings
Black-and-white photographs
Color photographs
Color transparencies
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 07-134, United States, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Systematics Laboratory Records
Identifier:
Accession 07-134
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National Systematics Laboratory Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa07-134

Thomas Wayland Vaughan Papers

Creator::
Vaughan, Thomas Wayland, 1870-1952  Search this
Extent:
9.5 cu. ft. (9 record storage boxes) (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Architectural drawings
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1908-1947 and undated
Descriptive Entry:
These papers consist of Vaughan's professional correspondence with American and foreign scientists concerning descriptions of fossil localities; the identification, description and exchange of specimens; research in coral foraminifera and oceanography; research conditions in Europe around the time of World War II; and the activities of scientific committees on which Vaughan served. Correspondence with detailed locality information has been flagged. Also included are writings, reports, correspondence, and notes by Vaughan and other scientists concerning specimen collections, analyses of core bottom samples, descriptions and lists of new species, activities of the Committee of Sedimentation of the National Research Council, and field notebooks, including photographs, of corals of the Bahamas and the Pacific Ocean. Additional field notebooks on corals are located in the Department of Invertebrate Zoology.
Historical Note:
T. Wayland Vaughan (1870-1952), geologist and oceanographer, was educated at Tulane University, B.S., 1889; and Harvard University, A.B., 1893, A.M., 1894, and Ph.D., 1903. He began collecting fossils when he was an Instructor at Mount Lebanon College, Tennessee, from 1889 to 1892. From 1894 to 1903, he was an Assistant Geologist with the United States Geological Survey (USGS). Between 1901 and 1923, Vaughan participated in several geological investigations of the West Indies and Puerto Rico which were sponsored by the USGS, the Smithsonian Institution, the Carnegie Institution of Washington, and the United States Navy. The USGS and the Carnegie Institution also helped to finance his investigations of the Atlantic and Gulf Coast states in cooperation with several state geological surveys and his investigations of the corals and coral reefs of the Bahamas. In 1924, Vaughan became Director of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, a position which he held until his retirement in 1936. In addition, he was an Associate in Marine Sediments, 1924-1942, and Associate in Paleontology, 1942-1952, at the United States National Museum.

Vaughan's research focused on three areas of science: the study of corals and coral reefs; the investigation of larger foraminifera; and oceanography. He was an authority on the corals of the United States, eastern Mexico, the West Indies, and Panama. As an oceanographer, Vaughan was interested in sedimentology and physical and chemical oceanography. With his work on oceanography, Vaughan served as Chairman, 1919 to 1923, of the Committee on Sedimentation of the National Research Council's Division of Geology and Geography; Chairman, 1926 to 1935, of the Pacific Science Association's International Committee on the Oceanography of the Pacific; and member of the National Academy of Science's Committee on Oceanography. This last committee was largely responsible for the founding of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

Vaughan held membership in numerous scientific and professional societies. In 1897 he was a delegate to the International Geological Congress in Russia, and between 1920 and 1936 he served as a delegate from the United States to six Pan-Pacific Science Congresses.
Topic:
Paleontology  Search this
Corals  Search this
Coral reefs and islands  Search this
Foraminifera  Search this
Oceanography  Search this
Research  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Architectural drawings
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 99-124, Thomas Wayland Vaughan Papers
Identifier:
Accession 99-124
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Thomas Wayland Vaughan Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa99-124

Records

Creator::
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service  Search this
Extent:
14.73 cu. ft. (7 record storage boxes) (1 document box) (3 12x17 boxes) (10 tall document boxes) (7 microfilm reels)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Microfilms
Date:
circa 1877-1948
Descriptive Entry:
These papers include original logbooks for the Fish Commission vessels Albatross, Fish Hawk, Grampus, Halcyon, Yvonne, and Danglade containing hydrographic and dredging data; transcribed records of some of that data; accession records, transmittal records, lists, and correspondence concerning specimens taken by the Commission; material concerning expositions in which the Commission participated; material concerning the scientific work of the Commission; material on oyster surveys conducted by the Commission; records relating to the distribution of fishes carried out as part of the Commission's fish propagation work; and microfilm copies of some logbooks, tag records, and catalogues.
Historical Note:
In the early 1870's, a fierce debate raged within the fishing industry of New England concerning the supply of food fishes in coastal waters. The use of efficient traps for the large-scale capture of fish was blamed for an alarming decline in the catch, especially by those who depended on traditional fishing methods. In some states, the controversy was carried to the legislature but, though endlessly debated, little action was taken.

The dispute soon caught the attention of Spencer Fullerton Baird, Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. Baird had already begun to nurture a growing interest in the rapidly expanding field of marine biology by summer field trips to Wood's Hole, Massachusetts, when the fisheries controversy arose. The debate provided Baird with an opportunity to show that science could make a real contribution to the solution of a problem of economic importance as well as to generate an immense amount of basic scientific data on marine life.

Authorization and appropriations for the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries were passed by Congress in 1871 and Baird was appointed the first Commissioner. The congressional mandate was broader than Baird had originally sought. The Commission was not limited to investigations on the New England coast and no time limit was placed on its existence. This lack of specificity greatly aided the Commission's later expansion.

For the first nine years of the Commission's existence, it relied on other executive agencies, particularly the Revenue Service and the Navy for vessels with which to conduct dredging and cruising operations. In 1880, construction was completed on the first Commission vessel, the Fish Hawk, and in 1883, the Albatross began operations. Most of the Fish Hawk's operations were on the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts, while the Albatross ranged as far as the Pacific coast, Bering Sea, and Japan. Other Fish Commission vessels included the Grampus, Halcyon, Danglade, and Yvonne.

The original duties of the Commission were eventually extended to include fish culture, further studies of fisheries and fishery industries, and studies in fresh-water and marine biology. The Commission became part of the Department of Commerce and Labor in 1903 and its name was changed to the Bureau of Fisheries. In 1939, the Bureau was transferred to the Department of the Interior, and in 1940 was merged with the Bureau of Biological Survey to form the Fish and Wildlife Service.

The U. S. Fish Commission and its successors have always maintained close ties with the Smithsonian and the United States National Museum. Baird was Assistant Secretary and Secretary of the Smithsonian while serving as Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries, and often assigned Smithsonian people to Fish Commission duties. In a number of cases, there was considerable overlap between Commission and Smithsonian work. A number of Commission staff, including Tarleton Hoffman Bean and Barton Warren Evermann, served as honorary curators for the Museum's Division of Fishes. The Museum has also served as depository for specimens collected by the Fish Commission and its successors.
Topic:
Dredging  Search this
Hydrography  Search this
Ichthyology  Search this
Invertebrate zoology  Search this
Hydrographic surveying  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Microfilms
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7184, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 7184
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7184

National Zoo Gets New Honey Bee Colony

Creator:
National Zoo  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2010-06-22T18:14:05.000Z
YouTube Category:
Pets & Animals  Search this
Topic:
Zoology;Animals;Veterinary medicine;Animal health  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNZP
Data Source:
National Zoo
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNZP
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_1NFgLK7Lyd4

Giant Clams Debut at the Invertebrate Exhibit

Creator:
National Zoo  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2011-05-03T14:43:00.000Z
YouTube Category:
Pets & Animals  Search this
Topic:
Zoology;Animals;Veterinary medicine;Animal health  Search this
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SmithsonianNZP
Data Source:
National Zoo
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNZP
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_Cbsay97RzqY

Atelopus Limosus Release Trial: Panama

Creator:
National Zoo  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2017-06-01T18:20:12.000Z
YouTube Category:
Pets & Animals  Search this
Topic:
Zoology;Animals;Veterinary medicine;Animal health  Search this
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SmithsonianNZP
Data Source:
National Zoo
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNZP
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_My2mntyRRaM

Atelopus limosus release trial: Panama

Creator:
National Zoo  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2018-08-20T20:15:05.000Z
YouTube Category:
Pets & Animals  Search this
Topic:
Zoology;Animals;Veterinary medicine;Animal health  Search this
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SmithsonianNZP
Data Source:
National Zoo
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNZP
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_T3k3rjYBE3Y

A Coconut Octopus Uses Tools to Snatch a Crab

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2017-01-20T15:31:23.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_BFda1MZ54G4

This Color-Changing Mutant Has Three Hearts

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2014-07-29T19:14:12.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
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smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_QnhXCraLgGM

Bostrycapulus calyptraeformis hatching

Creator:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2011-03-10T17:30:38.000Z
YouTube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
Topic:
Tropics;Biology  Search this
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collinlabpanama
Data Source:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
YouTube Channel:
collinlabpanama
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_96ofcRQ6e-w

Fiddler Crab Strategies for Timing Reproduction Across Temperature Variation

Creator:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2011-03-07T20:47:22.000Z
YouTube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
Topic:
Tropics;Biology  Search this
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collinlabpanama
Data Source:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
YouTube Channel:
collinlabpanama
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_H0sCjgZ5y9A

On the hunt for Crepidula in Florida

Creator:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2011-09-07T18:16:45.000Z
YouTube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
Topic:
Tropics;Biology  Search this
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collinlabpanama
Data Source:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
YouTube Channel:
collinlabpanama
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_Ta16ztu85RU

Marine Invertebrate Larvae, Pt. 1: Peanut Worms

Creator:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2012-07-30T16:46:58.000Z
YouTube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
Topic:
Tropics;Biology  Search this
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collinlabpanama
Data Source:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
YouTube Channel:
collinlabpanama
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_cVQ4ELhcERw

Preparing a Chilean "Hulte" (marine algae) Salad

Creator:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2011-05-04T13:29:26.000Z
YouTube Category:
Travel & Events  Search this
Topic:
Tropics;Biology  Search this
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collinlabpanama
Data Source:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
YouTube Channel:
collinlabpanama
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_fN2DiOswmOA

Crepidula ustulatulina

Creator:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2011-09-20T17:24:30.000Z
YouTube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
Topic:
Tropics;Biology  Search this
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collinlabpanama
Data Source:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
YouTube Channel:
collinlabpanama
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_lL2PX5i8tnI

Egg Laying in Crepidula cf. onyx, Panama

Creator:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2011-05-03T14:39:33.000Z
YouTube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
Topic:
Tropics;Biology  Search this
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collinlabpanama
Data Source:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
YouTube Channel:
collinlabpanama
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_oAyaJ94wsGo

Echinoderm larvae: Echinoids and Asteroids

Creator:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2014-04-19T01:38:55.000Z
YouTube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
Topic:
Tropics;Biology  Search this
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collinlabpanama
Data Source:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
YouTube Channel:
collinlabpanama
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_p-9h2Jm2xPM

larvae of Sponges, Cnidaria, and Ctenophores from Bocas del Toro

Creator:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2014-04-17T21:43:37.000Z
YouTube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
Topic:
Tropics;Biology  Search this
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collinlabpanama
Data Source:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
YouTube Channel:
collinlabpanama
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_zLvYTuu0wig

Explore Smithsonian: How do Scientists Sample Populations of Fish Along the Shorelines?

Creator:
Smithsonian Science Education Center  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2016-06-07T16:35:54.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Education;Science  Search this
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SmithsonianScienceEdCenter
Data Source:
Smithsonian Science Education Center
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianScienceEdCenter
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_vK8fIRda-KA

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