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Charles Francis Hall Collection

Creator:
Field, Cyrus  Search this
Hall, Charles Francis, 1821-1871  Search this
Franklin, John, 1786-1847  Search this
Royal Geographic Society.  Search this
Everett, Edward, 1794-1865  Search this
Correspondent:
Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878  Search this
Extent:
3.5 Cubic feet (12 boxes)
Culture:
Eskimo/Inuit  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business cards
Letters (correspondence)
Navigation charts
Notebooks
Scrapbooks
Ships' logs
Place:
Arctic regions -- Discovery and exploration
Nunavut
Date:
1858-1871
Summary:
The collection documents Hall's Arctic exploration.
Scope and Contents:
Diaries, journals, notebooks, scrapbooks, business cards, correspondence, ships' logs, navigation charts and documents on Hall's Arctic exploration. The correspondence includes letters to and from Henry Grimmell, William Grimmell, J. Carson Brevoont, John Barrow, Cyrus Field, Edward Everett, Clement Markham, Joseph Henry, and the Royal Geographic Society.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
The Arctic explorer Charles Francis Hall was born about 1821, either Vermont or New Hampshire; there are very few details about his early life. He is most notable for spending over ten years in the Arctic among the Inuit, initially focused on locating evidence of the lost British Expedition under Sir John Franklin, and then, in two later expeditions, searching for the Northwest Passage and the North Pole.

Before becoming a polar explorer, Hall began as a blacksmith's apprentice at a young age in Rochester, NH. Sometime in the 1840's he married and moved westward eventually coming to Cincinnati, where Charles opened a business making engraving plates and seals, in 1849. Later he published a small newspaper in Cincinnati, The Cincinnati Occasional.

While publishing news stories of arctic expeditions related to the Franklin expedition, Hall became enamored with the idea of polar exploration. In 1857 he began collecting any material he could gather on the landscape and survival in the Arctic, previous expeditions, and John Franklin's expedition itself, while at the same time seeking financial support for his expedition.

After detailed preparation and a small amount of financial backing, Hall boarded a ship for Greenland, and then on to the "Terra Incognita" of the Arctic. Despite being an amateur explorer with very little support for his first expedition, Hall believed that by living amongst the indigenous Inuit people, a non-native could survive long periods living in the arctic. In May 1860, Hall arrived in Frobisher Bay, Canada and with not much more than a small boat and basic supplies, Hall met befriended local Inuit who took him in for the next two years.

Over those two years, Hall found little evidence of the Franklin expedition, but what he did find proved to be more valuable. While an avid and writer, Hall lived, learned and daily documented in his journals more about the Inuit people that any visitor before him. His journals describe Inuit society, traditions, oral histories, language and culture, as well as the skills necessary to survive in such an unforgiving climate. He also travelled and mapped much of the unknown Frobisher Bay area, correcting many previously incorrect maps that depicted area as an open strait, rather than a closed bay.

Once Hall returned to the United States, he began working on publishing his writings and preparing for a second expedition to Frobisher Bay. In 1864, he left for his second trip spending almost five years living amongst the Inuit, searching for the Franklin expedition and mapping unknown portions of the Arctic.

As soon as he arrived home in 1869, Hall began again planning his next and bigger expedition, but times had changed in the U.S. The Civil War was over and the United States government was now interested in polar exploration and the race to the North Pole. Gaining the attention of President Grant, Hall was appointed as joint commander of the Polaris Expedition.

Departing in 1871, the expedition began with critical problems. The "joint-command" of the expedition put Hall in direct conflict with the other two expedition commanders, each one believing they should have been appointed as sole commander. This eventually led to incredible disasters throughout the expedition, resulting in the total failure of the mission, loss of the ship, as well as the death of Charles Francis Hall. Hall died on the expedition in November 1871, possibly from poisoning by one of his co-commanders. His body was exhumed in 1969 and tested, revealing the presence of arsenic. While Hall claimed on his deathbed he had been poisoned by a crew member, many 19th century medicines contained arsenic.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Explorers  Search this
Indigenous peoples  Search this
Inuktut  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business cards
Letters (correspondence) -- 1850-1900
Navigation charts
Notebooks
Scrapbooks -- 19th century
Ships' logs
Citation:
Charles Francis Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0702
See more items in:
Charles Francis Hall Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0702
Online Media:

.003, [Charles Francis Hall's Scrapbook]

Author:
Hall, Charles Francis, 1821-1871  Search this
Collection Creator:
Field, Cyrus  Search this
Hall, Charles Francis, 1821-1871  Search this
Franklin, John, 1786-1847  Search this
Royal Geographic Society.  Search this
Everett, Edward, 1794-1865  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper, 17.0" x 11".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Place:
Arctic regions -- Discovery and exploration
Date:
1858 - 1863
Scope and Contents:
Scrapbook of Newspaper clippings on polar exploration.
Local Numbers:
AC0702-0000020
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Explorers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries -- 19th century
Collection Citation:
Charles Francis Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Charles Francis Hall Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0702-ref12
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  • View .003, [Charles Francis Hall's Scrapbook] digital asset number 1

.047, Advertisement for P.T. Barnum's Museum, featuring an Esquimaux [Inuit] family, brought from Greenland by Hall

Collection Creator:
Field, Cyrus  Search this
Hall, Charles Francis, 1821-1871  Search this
Franklin, John, 1786-1847  Search this
Royal Geographic Society.  Search this
Everett, Edward, 1794-1865  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1862 November 3
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Charles Francis Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Charles Francis Hall Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0702-ref54

Elisha Kent Kane

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
Elisha Kent Kane, 3 Feb 1820 - 16 Feb 1857  Search this
Medium:
Sixth-plate ambrotype
Dimensions:
Image: 7.6 x 6.6cm (3 x 2 5/8")(sight)
Case Open: 9.4 x 16.2 x 0.9cm (3 11/16 x 6 3/8 x 3/8")
Case Closed: 9.4 x 8.1 x 1.8cm (3 11/16 x 3 3/16 x 11/16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1855
Topic:
Cased object  Search this
Elisha Kent Kane: Male  Search this
Elisha Kent Kane: Health and Medicine\Physician\Surgeon  Search this
Elisha Kent Kane: Natural Resources\Explorer\Arctic  Search this
Elisha Kent Kane: Military\Navy\Officer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2005.38
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4419ff65a-da97-422c-b4e4-83e61810d2ff
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2005.38

Gaff model/miniature

Culture/People:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Thorild Wulff, Non-Indian, 1877-1917  Search this
Previous owner:
Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Gaff model/miniature
Media/Materials:
Wood, iron hook, cordage
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Native Term:
ekalungnut nisik
Place:
Kitaa (West Greenland); Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Geographical Areas:
Eastern Arctic
Catalog Number:
11/512
Barcode:
110512.000
See related items:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c0790b84-3a0c-4c6a-abf7-0535d31530d3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_119117
Online Media:

Man's parka

Culture/People:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Thorild Wulff, Non-Indian, 1877-1917  Search this
Previous owner:
Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Man's parka
Media/Materials:
Sealskin/fur
Techniques:
Sewn
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Outerwear (fitted)
Native Term:
roliatak
Place:
Egedesminde (Aasiaat); Aasiaat Municipality (Egedesminde); Kitaa (West Greenland); Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Island Name:
Egedesminde (Aasiaat) Island
Island Grouping:
Greenland Islands
Geographical Areas:
Eastern Arctic
Catalog Number:
11/538
Barcode:
110538.000
See related items:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)
Clothing/Garments: Outerwear (fitted)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws633fd7209-7368-454b-85ef-cf7b6829b2f1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_119214
Online Media:

Woman's coat/jacket

Culture/People:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
George Palmer Putnam (G.P. Putnam), Non-Indian, 1887-1950  Search this
Expedition leader:
George Palmer Putnam (G.P. Putnam), Non-Indian, 1887-1950  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), 1869-  Search this
Seller:
George Palmer Putnam (G.P. Putnam), Non-Indian, 1887-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Woman's coat/jacket
Media/Materials:
Duck skin/skins, fur
Techniques:
Sewn
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Holsteinsborg (Sisimiut); Sisimiut Municipality (Holsteinsborg); Kitaa (West Greenland); Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Geographical Areas:
Eastern Arctic
Catalog Number:
15/2959
Barcode:
152959.000
See related items:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws60058f99f-ee7e-4e6c-a2aa-e4503ff92c9b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_164177
Online Media:

Hide scraper

Culture/People:
Netsilingmiut Inuit (Netsilik Eskimo)  Search this
Expedition:
Fifth Thule Expedition (1921-1924)  Search this
Previous owner:
Nationalmuseet (National Museum of Denmark)  Search this
Expedition leader:
Knud Rasmussen (Knud Johan Victor Rasmussen), Danish/Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo), 1879-1933  Search this
Object Name:
Hide scraper
Media/Materials:
Caribou bone
Techniques:
Cut
Object Type:
Hide working tools
Place:
Near Pelly Bay; Kugaaruk (Pelly Bay); Kitkmeot Region (Qitirmiut); Nunavut; Canada
Catalog Number:
16/2683
Barcode:
162683.000
See related items:
Netsilingmiut Inuit (Netsilik Eskimo)
Hide working tools
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws63e7a42be-2c78-4bcc-b0c4-3cc311f9040c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_174407
Online Media:

Harpoon

Culture/People:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)  Search this
Lender:
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University)  Search this
Object Name:
Harpoon
Media/Materials:
Ivory, iron point
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Geographical Areas:
Eastern Arctic
Catalog Number:
16/7408
Barcode:
167408.000
See related items:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d6a9c79a-a39c-4dac-86d1-99976d69f163
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_179381
Online Media:

Figure

Culture/People:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)  Search this
Lender:
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University)  Search this
Object Name:
Figure
Media/Materials:
Ivory
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Geographical Areas:
Eastern Arctic
Catalog Number:
16/7473
Barcode:
167473.000
See related items:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d50e9518-65bb-4324-8816-5d74743d6157
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_179447
Online Media:

Needle case part/fragment

Culture/People:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)  Search this
Lender:
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University)  Search this
Object Name:
Needle case part/fragment
Media/Materials:
Ivory
Techniques:
Incised
Object Type:
Sewing Tools and Equipment
Place:
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Geographical Areas:
Eastern Arctic
Catalog Number:
16/7502
Barcode:
167502.000
See related items:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)
Sewing Tools and Equipment
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws63edeeb97-45e0-47f7-bda9-2a52788a3c47
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_179477
Online Media:

Knife

Culture/People:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)  Search this
Lender:
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University)  Search this
Object Name:
Knife
Media/Materials:
Animal Bone, steel, hide
Techniques:
Carved, perforated
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Geographical Areas:
Eastern Arctic
Catalog Number:
16/7522
Barcode:
167522.000
See related items:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c499cc61-4832-4f57-b7ae-a07d18853491
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_179499
Online Media:

Wallet

Culture/People:
possibly Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo) (attributed)  Search this
Possible collector:
Lieutenant Colonel Robert A. Logan, Non-Indian, 1892-1995  Search this
Previous owner:
Lieutenant Colonel Robert A. Logan, Non-Indian, 1892-1995  Search this
Donor:
Lieutenant Colonel Robert A. Logan, Non-Indian, 1892-1995  Search this
Object Name:
Wallet
Media/Materials:
Hide, dye/dyes, porcupine quills
Techniques:
Sewn, quilled (lane stitched)
Dimensions:
18 x 11.7 x 1 cm
Object Type:
Personal items
Place:
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat) (inferred)
Geographical Areas:
Eastern Arctic
Date created:
1920-1930
Catalog Number:
25/4060
Barcode:
254060.000
See related items:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)
Personal items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws611deb26e-e44f-435b-81ca-d97adbee3fb0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_269669
Online Media:

Crossbow model/toy

Culture/People:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Thorild Wulff, Non-Indian, 1877-1917  Search this
Previous owner:
Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Crossbow model/toy
Media/Materials:
Wood, cordage
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Native Term:
akersagak
Place:
Kitaa (West Greenland); Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Geographical Areas:
Eastern Arctic
Catalog Number:
11/483
Barcode:
110483.000
See related items:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6225b86d9-237a-4ea8-add1-0d0b5417e188
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_119088
Online Media:

Lamp

Culture/People:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Thorild Wulff, Non-Indian, 1877-1917  Search this
Previous owner:
Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Lamp
Media/Materials:
Steatite/soapstone
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Furnishings (Home)
Place:
Kitaa (West Greenland); Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Geographical Areas:
Eastern Arctic
Catalog Number:
11/497
Barcode:
110497.000
See related items:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)
Furnishings (Home)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f0ce3c41-9428-4b57-8224-bac9dcf0598d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_119102
Online Media:

Ball

Culture/People:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Thorild Wulff, Non-Indian, 1877-1917  Search this
Previous owner:
Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Ball
Media/Materials:
Hide
Techniques:
Sewn
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling
Native Term:
arssak
Place:
Kitaa (West Greenland); Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Geographical Areas:
Eastern Arctic
Catalog Number:
11/524
Barcode:
110524.000
See related items:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)
Games, Toys, Gambling
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws62ff6b7e1-4433-4bf0-8717-01af4b1fdda5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_119200
Online Media:

Crampons

Culture/People:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Thorild Wulff, Non-Indian, 1877-1917  Search this
Previous owner:
Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History)  Search this
Object Name:
Crampons
Media/Materials:
Wood, hide
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Native Term:
sardlisutet sikume
Place:
Kitaa (West Greenland); Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Geographical Areas:
Eastern Arctic
Catalog Number:
11/534
Barcode:
110534.000
See related items:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws66f6327d4-4e28-4aca-a31d-4b2b57e3c4c2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_119210
Online Media:

Sled model with figure

Culture/People:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)  Search this
Collector:
Dr. Frank G. Speck (Frank Gouldsmith Speck/F.G. Speck/FGS), Non-Indian, 1881-1950  Search this
Object Name:
Sled model with figure
Media/Materials:
Animal Bone, sealskin/fur, hide thong/babiche, wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Transportation Items
Place:
Disko Island; Qeqertarsuaq Municipality; Kitaa (West Greenland); Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Island Name:
Disko Island
Island Grouping:
Greenland Islands
Geographical Areas:
Eastern Arctic
Catalog Number:
13/3266
Barcode:
133266.000
See related items:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)
Transportation Items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws679efa82c-46eb-4678-bf0c-0842ec7bee24
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_143231
Online Media:

Fire drill and fireboard

Culture/People:
Netsilingmiut Inuit (Netsilik Eskimo)  Search this
Expedition:
Fifth Thule Expedition (1921-1924)  Search this
Previous owner:
Nationalmuseet (National Museum of Denmark)  Search this
Expedition leader:
Knud Rasmussen (Knud Johan Victor Rasmussen), Danish/Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo), 1879-1933  Search this
Object Name:
Fire drill and fireboard
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
Near Pelly Bay; Kugaaruk (Pelly Bay); Kitkmeot Region (Qitirmiut); Nunavut; Canada
Catalog Number:
16/2639
Barcode:
162639.000
See related items:
Netsilingmiut Inuit (Netsilik Eskimo)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws64477edd3-a65b-4af0-a524-f8fdcc1650b9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_174363
Online Media:

Cooking pot

Culture/People:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)  Search this
Lender:
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University)  Search this
Object Name:
Cooking pot
Media/Materials:
Steatite/soapstone
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Food Gathering and Preparation
Place:
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Geographical Areas:
Eastern Arctic
Catalog Number:
16/7421
Barcode:
167421.000
See related items:
Kalaallit (Greenland Eskimo)
Food Gathering and Preparation
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6759cf405-8754-4042-b0a7-08d35a633b69
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_179394
Online Media:

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