58 cu. ft. (30 record storage boxes) (24 document boxes) (6 non- standard oversize boxes)
These records include ledgers, account books, bills, daybooks, journals, receipted vouchers, records of payment, requisitions, cash books, and other fiscal records
documenting the Smithsonian's congressional appropriations. These records deal with the financial affairs of the following Smithsonian bureaus: United States National Museum,
Astrophysical Observatory, Bureau of American Ethnology, National Zoological Park, United States National Herbarium, and the International Exchange Service. Other projects
of the Institution and its bureaus, such as the International Catalogue of Scientific Literature, are also documented.
When the government's natural history and ethnology collections were transferred to the care of the Smithsonian Institution in 1858, Congress provided an annual allowance
of $4,000 for their support. The Smithsonian provided for any additional costs necessary to maintain, preserve, and document the collections from its private funds. From 1870
to 1871, Congress appropriated $10,000 annually for the maintenance of the collections, which became part of the United States National Museum (USNM). Beginning in 1872, Congress
began appropriating funds for the "Preservation of Collections," which, along with later appropriations for "Furniture and Fixtures," and "Heating, Lighting, Telephonic and
Electrical Service," constituted the major congressional appropriations for the United States National Museum. Other major congressional appropriations were made for "International
Exchanges," "American Ethnology," "National Zoological Park," and "Astrophysical Observatory," as well as for exposition functions and other temporary needs of the Institution.
This collection consists of forms and circulars of the Secretary, 1846-1888; forms and circulars of the National Museum, Exchanges, Ethnology, Correspondence Clerk,
Disbursing Clerk, International Catalogue of Scientific Literature, Library, and National Zoological Park; forms ordered, 1860-1933; lists of Smithsonian Institution employees,
1846-1910, with salaries; and invitations to Smithsonian events, circa 1915-1925.
International Catalogue of Scientific Literature Search this
6 cu. ft. (12 document boxes)
These records contain correspondence about the formation of the International Catalogue, planning and operation of the reporting system, and the circumstances of the
The International Catalogue of Scientific Literature was established by three international conferences in London in 1896, 1898, and 1900. Data collection began in
1901, and publications were issued annually until 1916; some activities, although not publication, resumed again after the First World War. The Smithsonian became the United
States Bureau of the Catalogue in 1901, at first funding it by private funds and, after 1906, by special federal appropriations. Cyrus Adler, Librarian of the Smithsonian,
encouraged the Smithsonian's participation and directed the Bureau's activities in the early years; he was succeeded by Leonard C. Gunnell. The titles of the Bureau's directors
varied over the years, from assistant secretary to assistant-in-charge. The Smithsonian discontinued the Bureau in 1933.