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International Business Machines Corporation

Collection Collector:
Orth, Edward J.  Search this
Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow. Viewing film portion of collection requires special appointment, please inquire. Do not use when original materials are available on reference video or audio tapes. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the New York World's Fair, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the World's Fair
Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the World's Fair / Series 6: Postcards / 6.2: Business Systems Zone
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0560-ref1583

Communications and Business Zone

Collection Collector:
Orth, Edward J.  Search this
Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1939 - 1965
Scope and Contents:
includes material created by major American companies relating to technology for the home and the workplace. These companies used the fair as an opportunity to display state of the art products to the public. There is material relating to International Business Machines Corporation's (IBM) pavilion featuring electric typewriters and a machine called the "electric calculator" which used punched cards. Information about its fine art gallery displaying hundreds of pieces of artwork from seventy countries around the world is also included. Materials from American Telephone and Telegraph's (AT&T) pavilion featuring the Voder, a mechanized, synthetic voice can also be found among these materials. The Voder spoke to attendees at the fair and foretold the future widespread use of electronic voices. In addition, there are materials from other companies including Bank of America, Bates Manufacturing, Bell Telephone, Crosley Radio Corporation, Dun & Bradstreet, International Business Machines Corporation, Keystone Manufacturing Company, Loyalty Group Insurance, MacFadden Metropolitan Life Insurance, New York Life Insurance Company, Nos-Ease Company, Radio Corporation of America (RCA), Western Union Telegraph Company and York Safe and Lock Company. The materials are arranged in alphabetical order by the name of the exhibitor. There is one folder of general materials about the amusement area.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow. Viewing film portion of collection requires special appointment, please inquire. Do not use when original materials are available on reference video or audio tapes. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the New York World's Fair, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0560, Subseries 3.3
See more items in:
Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the World's Fair
Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the World's Fair / Series 3: New York World's Fair 1939 and 1940 Incorporated Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0560-ref279

Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project

Collector:
Maxey, H. David  Search this
Creator:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of American History  Search this
Inventor:
American Telephone and Telegraph Company  Search this
Bell Telephone Laboratories  Search this
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Search this
Klatt, Dennis  Search this
Kurzweil, Ray  Search this
Extent:
8 Cubic feet (32 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Diskettes
Dictograph
Date:
1939-1999
Summary:
The Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project, conducted by H. David Maxey from 1986 through 2002, created a collection of archival materials documenting the history and development of speech synthesis technology. Maxey collaborated with Dr. Bernard Finn, Elliot Sivowitch and Harold Wallace of the National Museum of American History's Division of Information, Technology, and Society.
Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project Original Website:
Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project website

This website was created by Dave Maxey in 2002 to document the history of the project and to provide extensive information about the collection materials.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents a project done by H. David Maxey in collaboration with the Smithsonian Institution. The collection consists of administrative files containing correspondence, project reports, and other infomation about the Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project. The project files, arranged geographically and alphabetically contains information about specific speech synthesis projects and inventions. The reprints series consists of reprints of articles which Maxey collected and organized separately. This series is organized both numerically and alphabetically. The audiovisual materials contain the recordings of talks, meetings, and samples of speech synthesis described in the projects outlined in the project files.
Arrangement:
The original SSSHP numbers assigned by Dave Maxey are included in portions of the Container List. They are the basis for the organization of Maxey's original index to and description of the collection. Maxey assigned the numbers sequentially in the order he received each numbered item.

The collection is arranged into four series.

Series 1, Administrative Files,1986-2002

Series 2, Project Files, 1939-1999

Series 3, Reprints, 1939-1999

Series 4: Audiovisual Materials,1939-1999

Subseries 1, ¼" Open Reel Audiotape

Subseries 2, Audiocassettes

Subseries 3, Miscellaneous

Subseries 4, Reference and Protection Audiotapes and CDs
Biographical / Historical:
The Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project, conducted by H. David Maxey from 1986 through 2002, created a collection of archival materials including sound recordings documenting the history and development of speech synthesis technology. Maxey collaborated with Dr. Bernard Finn of the National Museum of American History's Division of Information, Technology, and Society. Elliot Sivowitch and Harold Wallace of the same division served as Smithsonian liaisons with the project.

"Speech synthesis technology" refers to the results of a long, evolutionary process in which researchers learned to create artificial sounds that people would interpret as speech. As early as the eighteenth century scientists were inventing mechanical machines to create sounds similar to human speech. Later electronics led to additional developments, The Voder was one of the earliest examples which was demonstrated to wide acclaim at the 1939 New York World's Fair. However, it was the widespread use of computers that led to the greatest progress in the field of speech synthesis.

Speech synthesis is the process by which a computer speaks. By contrast, speech recognition is when a computer can interpret spoken language. The application of both of these capabilities has been important for creating assistive computer technology for the visually impaired (speech recognition) and for individuals unable to speak (speech synthesis).

Among the leading researchers and organizations involved with the development of speech synthesis technologies are the Anerican Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T), Bell Telephone Laboratories, International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Dennis H. Klatt, and Ray Kurzweil.

Today speech synthesis is a common feature of daily life from the cultured voice on the GPS saying exactly which road to take to making a train reservation on the telephone. However, many speech synthesis developers continue to explore and design methods to make the speech sound less mechanical, with the ultimate challenge being natural sounding speech that shows emotion.

Dave Maxey's dedication to the project, with support from members of the staff of the National Museum of American History, has ensured the preservation of materials documenting the early history of electronic and computer engineered synthetic speech.
Related Materials:
Artifacts related to this collection are in the Division of Work & Industry, Electricity Collections.
Provenance:
The collection was created for the Smithsonian Institution from 1986-2002 by Dave Maxey in collaboration with Dr. Bernard Finn of the National Museum of American History's Division of Information, Technology, and Society, assisted by Elliot Sivowitch and Harold Wallace of the same division.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials may be used.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Computer sound processing  Search this
Voder  Search this
Speech synthesis  Search this
Speech  Search this
Computers  Search this
Assistive computer technology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Diskettes
Dictograph
Citation:
Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0417
See more items in:
Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0417

United States: International Business Machines Corporation (IBM)

Collection Collector:
Maxey, H. David  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of American History  Search this
Container:
Box 6
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials may be used.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project
Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project / Series 2: Project Files
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0417-ref83

Structure and motion : membranes, nucleic acids & proteins : proceedings of the International Symposium on Structure and Dynamics of Membranes, Nucleic Acids & Proteins held in Rome, Italy, April 23-27, 1984 at the Accademia nazionale dei Lincei, under the sponsorship of the academy, National Foundation for Cancer Research, and International Business Machines Corporation / edited by E. Clementi ... [et al.]

Author:
International Symposium on Structure and Dynamics of Membranes, Nucleic Acids & Proteins (1984 : Accademia nazionale dei Lincei)  Search this
Clementi, Enrico  Search this
Accademia nazionale dei Lincei  Search this
National Foundation for Cancer Research  Search this
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 571 p. : ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Congresses
Date:
1985
C1985
Topic:
Molecular dynamics  Search this
Nucleic acids  Search this
Membranes (Biology)  Search this
Proteins  Search this
Molecular structure  Search this
Call number:
QP517.M65I57 1984X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_244256

Other Aviation Organizations

Collection Creator:
Studenski, Paul, 1887-1961  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Paul Studenski Collection, Acc. 1989-0012, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Paul Studenski Collection
Paul Studenski Collection / Series 2: Aviation Career and Activities
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1989-0012-ref24
3 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Other Aviation Organizations digital asset number 1
  • View Other Aviation Organizations digital asset number 2
  • View Other Aviation Organizations digital asset number 3

Computing Scale

Measurements:
overall: 26.7 cm x 36.1 cm x 17.8 cm; 10 1/2 in x 14 3/16 in x 7 in
Object Name:
Balance
Object Type:
Scales
Associated Place:
United States: New Jersey
Subject:
Weights & Measures  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of City of New York
ID Number:
1983.0514.24
Catalog number:
1983.0514.24
Accession number:
1983.0514
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Chemistry
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a0-e913-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_618

George C. Marshall Research Foundation

Collection Creator:
Jacques Seligmann & Co  Search this
Container:
Box 40, Folder 38
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1960-1968
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Jacques Seligmann & Co. records
Jacques Seligmann & Co. records / Series 1: Correspondence / 1.3: General Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-jacqself-ref9843
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View George C. Marshall Research Foundation digital asset number 1

463 Ribbon

Graphic Designer:
Paul Rand, American, 1914–1996  Search this
Client:
IBM, Armonk, New York, USA  Search this
Medium:
Offset lithograph on white cardboard
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 31.1 × 36.8 cm (12 1/4 × 14 1/2 in.)
Type:
packaging designs
Print
Object Name:
Print
Made in:
USA
Date:
ca. 1985–87
Credit Line:
Gift of Marion S. Rand
Accession Number:
2002-11-39
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright Notice:
© Marion S. Rand
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq43a3d7c6b-4922-4713-83f2-6f8d660bd0cd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_2002-11-39

Aerial photograph of Research Center for IBM France, La Gaude, France

Subject:
Breuer, Marcel  Search this
Gatje, Robert F.  Search this
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1960
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)18036
See more items in:
Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_18036
Online Media:

Exterior view of IBM offices, laboratories, and manufacturing facility, Boca Raton, Florida

Subject:
Breuer, Marcel  Search this
Gatje, Robert F.  Search this
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Boca Raton, Florida, U.S.
Date:
circa 1970
Topic:
Architectural design  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Architecture, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)18185
See more items in:
Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_18185

Exterior photograph of IBM offices, laboratories, and manufacturing facility, Boca Raton, Florida

Photographer:
Molitor, Joseph W.  Search this
Molitor, Joseph W.  Search this
Subject:
Breuer, Marcel  Search this
Gatje, Robert F.  Search this
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Boca Raton, Florida, U.S.
Date:
circa 1970
Topic:
Architectural design  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Architecture, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)18186
See more items in:
Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_18186
Online Media:

Plan for the administrative and engineering elevation, IBM offices, laboratories, and manufacturing facility in Boca Raton, Florida

Subject:
Breuer, Marcel  Search this
Gatje, Robert F.  Search this
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Boca Raton, Florida, U.S.
Date:
circa 1968
Topic:
Architectural design  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Architecture, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)18188
See more items in:
Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_18188
Online Media:

Interior view of the Research Center at the IBM offices in La Gaude, France

Subject:
Breuer, Marcel  Search this
Gatje, Robert F.  Search this
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
France
Date:
1961
Topic:
Architectural design  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)18359
See more items in:
Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_18359
Online Media:

Bowl

Artist:
Daisy Hooee Nampeyo, born 1910-died 1994  Search this
Dimensions:
height: 5 in. (12.7 cm)
Type:
Decorative Arts
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of International Business Machines Corporation
Object number:
1966.27.16
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Decorative Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk74426f767-16f3-4fe7-bdb6-75ef582661e5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1966.27.16

Plate

Artist:
Unidentified (American)  Search this
Medium:
ceramic
Dimensions:
10 1/2 in. (26.7 cm) diam.
Type:
Decorative Arts-Ceramic
Topic:
Abstract  Search this
Figure\head  Search this
Dress\ethnic\Indian dress  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of International Business Machines Corporation
Object number:
1966.27.17
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Decorative Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk79edbcda6-9fee-47d3-a5bd-c4d391dce089
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1966.27.17

Bowl

Artist:
Tonita Martinez Roybal, born 1892-died 1945  Search this
Medium:
blackware
Dimensions:
height: 6 in. (15.2 cm)
Type:
Decorative Arts-Ceramic
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of International Business Machines Corporation
Object number:
1966.27.18
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Decorative Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7e09857b2-ca84-4090-ad6b-022f633644fd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1966.27.18

Madonna and Child

Artist:
Warren Wheelock, born Sutton, MA 1880-died Albuquerque, NM 1960  Search this
Medium:
wood
Dimensions:
30 7/8 x 5 7/8 x 5 3/4 in. (78.5 x 15.0 x 14.5 cm)
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
n.d.
Topic:
Religion\New Testament\Christ  Search this
Religion\New Testament\Mary  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of International Business Machines Corporation
Object number:
1966.27.12
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk783545afc-2491-475f-ab58-986b6931e7a3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1966.27.12

Dahlov (The Artist's Daughter)

Artist:
William Zorach, born Eurburg, Lithuania 1889-died Bath, ME 1966  Search this
Sitter:
Dahlov Zorach  Search this
Dahlov Zorach  Search this
Medium:
unfired ceramic
Dimensions:
13 1/2 x 10 5/8 x 10 1/2 in. (34.3 x 27.0 x 26.7 cm)
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1920
Topic:
Portrait female\child  Search this
Portrait female\head  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of International Business Machines Corporation
Object number:
1966.27.13
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
On View:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Luce Foundation Center, 4th Floor, 47A
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Luce Foundation Center
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Luce Foundation Center, 4th Floor
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7e7037d91-8b44-4278-8f45-a1b2c5fb64f5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1966.27.13

Bridge Building--Mackinac Straits

Artist:
Reynold H. Weidenaar, born Grand Rapids, MI 1915-died Grand Rapids, MI 1985  Search this
Medium:
mezzotint
Dimensions:
13 1/4 x 6 1/4 in. (33.5 x 15.7 cm)
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
n.d.
Topic:
Architecture\bridge  Search this
Architecture\boat  Search this
Architecture\industry\construction  Search this
Waterscape\channel\Straits of Mackinac  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of International Business Machines Corporation
Object number:
1966.48.89
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7e79828d0-69f8-4b52-9aa4-43ce53bddd46
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1966.48.89

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