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Leo H. Baekeland Papers

Creator:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Names:
Bakelite Corporation  Search this
Nepera Chemical Co.  Search this
Extent:
15 Cubic feet (49 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Professional papers
Clippings
Laboratory notes
Personal correspondence
Photographs
Notebooks
Diaries
Date:
1976
1863 - 1968
Summary:
The papers document Leo H. Baekeland, a Belgian born chemist who invented Velox photographic paper (1893) and Bakelite (1907), an inexpensive, nonflammable, versatile plastic. The papers include student notebooks; private laboratory notebooks and journals; commercial laboratory notes; diaries; patents; technical papers; biographies; newspaper clippings; maps; graphs; blueprints; account books; batch books; formula books; order books; photographs; and correspondence regarding Baekeland, 1887-1943.
Scope and Contents:
Baekeland documented his life prolifically through diaries, laboratory notebooks, photographs, and correspondence. These constitute the bulk of the collection. The Bakelite company history is also incompletely documented in this collection through Baekeland's correspondence, the commercial laboratory notebooks, and some company ledgers.
Arrangement:
Series 1: Reference Materials, 1863-1868 and undated

Subseries 1.1: Biographical, 1880-1965

Subseries 1.2:Company History, 1910-1961

Subseries 1.3: Related Interests, 1863-1968 and undated

Series 2: Published and Unpublished Writings (by Leo H. Baekeland), 1884-1945

Series 3: Correspondence, 1888-1963 Subseries 3.1: Personal Correspondence, 1916-1943

Subseries 3.2: Charitable Donations, 1916-1938

Subseries 3.3: Family Correspondence, 1888-1963

Subseries 3.4: Clubs and Associations, 1916-1943

Series 4: Diaries, 1907-1943

Series 5: Reading and Lecture Notes, 1878-1886

Series 6, Laboratory Notebooks, 1893-1915

Series 7: Commercial Laboratory Notebooks, 1910-1920

Series 8: Bakelite Company, 1887-1945

Series 9, Patents, 1894-1940

Series 10: Bakelite Corporation Ledgers, 1910-1924; 1935; 1939

Series 11: Photographs, 1889-1950 and undated

Subseries 11.1: Photographs, 1889-1950 and undated

Subseries 11.2: Film Negatives, 1900-1941 and undated

Subseries 11.3: Photoprints, 1894-1941

Subseries 11.4: Stereographs, 1888-1902 and undated

Subseries 11.5: Film and Glass Plate Negatives, 1899-1900 and undated

Series 12: Audio Materials, 1976
Biographical / Historical:
Leo Hendrik Baekeland was an industrial chemist famous for his invention of Bakelite, the first moldable synthetic polymer, and for his invention of Velox photographic paper. Baekeland's career as an inventor and innovator was punctuated by an urge to improve existing technologies and a willingness to experiment both meticulously and daringly. Born in Ghent, Belgium in 1863, Baekeland was a distinguished chemistry student and became a young professor at the University of Ghent. He had a long standing interest in photography and sought to further photographic technology with his expertise in chemistry. In 1887 he obtained his first patent for a dry plate which contained its own developer and could be developed in a tray of water. With the support of a business partner/faculty associate, Jules Guequier, he formed a company named Baekeland et Cie to produce the plate, but the venture failed due to lack of capital.

On August 8, 1889, he married Celine Swarts, daughter of his academic mentor Theodore Swarts, Dean of the Faculty of Sciences at the University of Ghent. After his wedding he travelled to different countries using a traveling scholarship he had been awarded two years previously. His travels ended in the United States where he was offered a job researching chemical problems associated with manufacturing bromide papers and films with A. and H.T. Anthony and Company, a photographic supply producer. Leo and Celine Baekeland had three children: George, Nina and Jenny (1890-1895).

He left Anthony and Company in 1891 to be a consulting chemist. During that time he invented a photographic print paper using silver chloride which could be developed in artificial light instead of sunlight and thus offered more flexibility and consistency to photographers. In 1893, with financial support from Leonard Jacobi, a scrap metal dealer from San Francisco, he formed the Nepera Chemical Company in Yonkers, New York, to manufacture "gaslight" paper under the trade name Velox. The paper became quite popular and the company expanded its operations after its first three years. Finally, George Eastman bought the company for a reported $750,000 which afforded Baekeland the time to conduct his own research in a laboratory he set up on his estate, "Snug Rock," in Yonkers.

Baekeland worked on problems of electrolysis of salt and the production of synthetic resins. He was hired as a consultant to work with Clinton P. Townsend to perfect Townsend's patented electrolytic cell. Baekeland's work there contributed to the success of the Hooke Electrochemical Company which began in operations in Niagara Falls in 1905.

Simultaneously, in 1902 Baekeland began researching reactions of phenol and formaldehyde, and by 1907 was able to control the reactions and produce a moldable plastic (oxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride) which he named Bakelite. Although the process was not perfected for another couple of years, Baekeland applied for a patent for Bakelite right away. He announced his discovery to the scientific community in 1909, and in 1910 formed the General Bakelite Company. Bakelite was a thermosetting resin that, unlike Celluloid became permanently solid when heated. It was virtually impervious to heat, acids, or caustic substances. It could be molded into a wide variety of shapes and was an excellent electric insulator that came to replace hard rubber and amber for electrical and industrial applications. It was also suitable for a wide variety of consumer products such as billiard balls, jewelry, pot handles, telephones, toasters, electric plugs, and airplane instrument knobs. Two companies challenged Bakelite with significant competition, Condensite Corporation of America and Redmanol Chemical Products Company. Bakelite finally merged with these two companies in 1922 to become the Bakelite Corporation. Union Carbide finally bought the corporation in 1939.

Baekeland sustained his interest in photography by taking numerous photographs throughout his lifetime. He also devoted much of his spare time to professional societies and received various honorary degrees and awards such as the Perkin Medal. He had several hobbies such as boating, wine and beer making, and, exotic plants. He also traveled extensively throughout the world, which is documented in his diaries and photographs.

Baekeland spent his final years mostly in his Coconut Grove, Florida home where he became increasingly eccentric until his mind failed him and he was institutionalized. He died in 1943 at the age of eighty.

Scope and Content: Baekeland documented his life prolifically through diaries, laboratory notebooks, photographs, and correspondence. These constitute the bulk of the collection. The Bakelite company history is also incompletely documented in this collection through Baekeland's correspondence, the commercial laboratory notebooks, and some company ledgers.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Albany Billiard Ball Company Records (AC0011)

Celluloid Corporation Records (AC0009)

J. Harry DuBois Collection on the History of Plastics (AC0008)

Materials at Other Organizations

The Hagley Museum and Library, Manuscripts and Archives Department in Delaware also several related collections including: the Directors of Industrial Research Records, 1929 -982; the Du Pont Viscoloid Company, Survey of the Plastics Field, 1932; The Society of the Plastics Industry, 1937-1987; the Roy J. Plunkett Collection, 1910-1994 (inventor of Teflon); and the Gordon M. Kline Collection, 1903.
Separated Materials:
The National Museum of American History, Division Medicine and Science has several artifacts associated with Baekeland including the original "Bakalizer" the apparatus in which Bakelite was first made. See accession numbers: 1977.0368; 1979.1179; 1981.0976; 1982.0034; 1983.0524; 1984.0138.
Provenance:
The bulk of the collection was donated to the National Museum of American History's Division of Physical Sciences in November, 1981, by Celine Karraker, Leo H. Baekeland's granddaughter.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Phenolic resins  Search this
Travel -- Photographs  Search this
Chemists -- 1880-1970  Search this
Inventors -- 1880-1970  Search this
Plastics -- 1880-1970  Search this
Chemistry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Professional papers -- 1880-1970
Clippings -- 1880-1970
Laboratory notes
Personal correspondence -- 1880-1970
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 19th-20th century
Notebooks -- 1880-1970
Diaries -- 1880-1970
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Nitrate -- 19th-20th century
Citation:
Leo Baekeland Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0005
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep846e88df6-033d-4805-99e2-b308002a75f4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0005
Online Media:

Pressure Suit, A7-L, Shepard, Apollo 14, Flown

Astronaut:
Alan B. Shepard Jr.  Search this
Manufacturer:
ILC Industries Inc.  Search this
Materials:
Exterior: Beta cloth, Chromel-R, nylon, polyester, velcro
Interior: Rubber, nylon
Connectors: Anodized aluminium, two red, four blue
Neckring: Anodized aluminium, red
Wrist locking rings: Anodized aluminium, red and blue
Dimensions:
Overall: 5ft 6in. x 2ft 8in. x 11in. (167.64 x 81.3 x 27.9cm)
Type:
PERSONAL EQUIPMENT-Pressure Suits
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from NASA, Manned Spacecraft Center.
Inventory Number:
A19720587000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9b9855acb-0bdd-4040-bbf6-8d21cbd99994
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19720587000
Online Media:

Liquid Cooling Garment, S# 067, Apollo

Manufacturer:
ILC Industries Inc.  Search this
Materials:
Nylon, PVC, latex, polyester, steel, paint, brass, cotton
Dimensions:
Overall: 57 inches long x 21 inches wide x 10 inches deep (144.8 x 53.3 x 25.4cm)
Type:
PERSONAL EQUIPMENT-Undergarments
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1968
Credit Line:
Transferred from NASA, Manned Spacecraft Center.
Inventory Number:
A19730120000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9f77f1b66-719f-41fe-80a2-e30a0f280ce2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19730120000
Online Media:

Pressure Suit, A7-L, Schirra, Apollo 7, Flown

Subcontractor:
Air Lock Inc.  Search this
Manufacturer:
ILC Industries Inc.  Search this
Astronaut:
Walter M. Schirra, Jr.  Search this
Materials:
Exterior: Beta cloth, nylon, polyester, velcro, plastic, brass, steel
Interior: Rubber/Neoprine, nylon
Connectors: Anodized aluminium
Neckring: Anodized Aliminium, rubber-silicone
Wrist locking rings: Anodized aluminium
Dimensions:
Overall: 5ft 6in. x 2ft 8in. x 11in. (167.64 x 81.3 x 27.9cm)
Type:
PERSONAL EQUIPMENT-Pressure Suits
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from Space Technology Inc., Ranger Systems Division
Inventory Number:
A19730228000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv924c32bf7-b613-489c-9772-6707379cbffd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19730228000
Online Media:

Pressure Suit, Apollo, A5-L, Prototype

Manufacturer:
ILC Industries Inc.  Search this
Materials:
Nylon, anodized aluminum, rubber/neoprene, PVC, leather, velcro, steel
Dimensions:
Approximate: 20.32 x 172.72 x 76.2cm (8in. x 5ft 8in. x 2ft 6in.)
Type:
PERSONAL EQUIPMENT-Pressure Suits
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from NASA Manned Spacecraft Center
Inventory Number:
A19730576000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9b57046ee-e024-42c7-9972-e457ff39b2af
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19730576000
Online Media:

Pressure Suit, Apollo, A6-L, Kerwin

Manufacturer:
ILC Industries Inc.  Search this
Astronaut:
Joseph P. Kerwin  Search this
Materials:
Overall - beta cloth, rubber, nylon, plastic
Connectors - aluminum (red, blue)
Neck ring - aluminum
Wrist locking rings - aluminum (red, blue)
Dimensions:
Approximately 67inches long x 32 inches wide x 11 inches deep. (170.2 x 81.3 x 27.9 cm)
Type:
PERSONAL EQUIPMENT-Pressure Suits
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from NASA - Manned Spacecraft Center
Inventory Number:
A19730577000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9eb13b2ab-9442-4bc4-a072-0d621ee6d5e8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19730577000
Online Media:

Pressure Suit, Apollo, A6-L

Manufacturer:
ILC Industries Inc.  Search this
Materials:
Overall - beta cloth, rubber, nylon, plastic
Connectors - anodized aluminum (red, blue)
Neck ring - anodized aluminum
Wrist locking rings - anodized aluminum (red, blue)
Other: steel, velcro, brass
Dimensions:
Approximately: 67 inches high x 32 inches wide x 11 inches deep (170 x 82 x 28 cm)
Type:
PERSONAL EQUIPMENT-Pressure Suits
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from NASA Manned Spacecraft Center
Inventory Number:
A19730578000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9ba495b49-92ca-4d95-b3e6-bb30d8bd6a05
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19730578000
Online Media:

Pressure Suit, A6-L, Gordon, Training

Manufacturer:
ILC Industries Inc.  Search this
Astronaut:
Richard F. Gordon  Search this
Materials:
Overall - beta cloth, rubber, nylon, plastic
Connectors - aluminum (red, blue)
Neck ring - aluminum
Wrist locking rings - aluminum (red, blue)
other: beta cloth, anodized aluminum, velcro, nylon, neoprene-coated nylon, rubber (silicone), brass, gold plating, steel, polycarbonate, Chromel-R
Dimensions:
Overall: 5ft 7in. x 2ft 8in. x 11in. (170.18 x 81.3 x 27.9cm)
Type:
PERSONAL EQUIPMENT-Pressure Suits
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Inventory Number:
A19730579000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9c8e1b61e-25f3-4a1d-9122-05b22f3c2d1b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19730579000
Online Media:

Pressure Suit, Apollo, A5-L, Developmental

Manufacturer:
ILC Industries Inc.  Search this
Materials:
Overall - rubber, nylon, plastic, polyester
Connectors - aluminum (red, blue)
Neck ring - aluminum
Wrist locking rings - aluminum (red, blue)
other: nylon, Aluminum, steel, neoprene-coated nylon, rubber/neoprene, anodized aluminum, plasticPVC, leather, cotton
Dimensions:
Approximate: 5ft 7in. x 2ft 8in. x 11in. (170.18 x 81.28 x 27.94cm)
Type:
PERSONAL EQUIPMENT-Pressure Suits
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from NASA, Manned Spacecraft Center.
Inventory Number:
A19730813000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv95c0b35c8-b0f9-4ada-8f96-23e1e04d36ea
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19730813000
Online Media:

Engineering a New Order: Military Institutions, Technical Education, and the Rise of the Industrial State

Author:
Hacker, Barton C.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
1993
Citation:
Hacker, Barton C. 1993. "Engineering a New Order: Military Institutions, Technical Education, and the Rise of the Industrial State." Technology and Culture, 34, (1) 1–27. https://doi.org/10.2307/3106453.
Identifier:
74120
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.2307/3106453
ISSN:
0040-165X
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_74120

Rockwell Kent papers, circa 1840-1993, bulk 1935-1961

Creator:
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Subject:
Wildenstein, Felix  Search this
Phillips, Duncan  Search this
Hays, Lee  Search this
Untermeyer, Louis  Search this
Zigrosser, Carl  Search this
Robeson, Paul  Search this
DuBois, W.E.B. (William Edward Burghardt)  Search this
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano)  Search this
Ruggles, Carl  Search this
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur  Search this
Nearing, Helen  Search this
Nearing, Scott  Search this
Pach, Walter  Search this
Rasmussen, Knud  Search this
Reeves, Ruth  Search this
Seeger, Pete  Search this
Daniel, Charles  Search this
Cleland, T. M. (Thomas Maitland)  Search this
Davies, Arthur B. (Arthur Bowen)  Search this
Chamberlain, J. E.  Search this
Boyesen, Bayard  Search this
Chase, William Merritt  Search this
Freuchen, Peter  Search this
Gellert, Hugo  Search this
Gottlieb, Harry  Search this
Hartley, Marsden  Search this
Fitzgerald, James  Search this
Keller, Charles  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes  Search this
Henri, Robert  Search this
Jones, Dan Burne  Search this
United American Artists  Search this
United Office and Professional Workers of America  Search this
United Scenic Artists  Search this
National Farmers' Union (U.S.)  Search this
National Maritime Union of America  Search this
American Artists' Congress  Search this
Artists' Union (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artists League of America  Search this
Citizens' Committee for Government Arts Projects  Search this
Farmers Union of the New York Milk Shed  Search this
Federal Art Project  Search this
Federal Writers' Project  Search this
Macbeth Gallery  Search this
International Workers Order  Search this
Type:
Poems
Sketches
Business records
Photographs
Drawings
Citation:
Rockwell Kent papers, circa 1840-1993, bulk 1935-1961. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Designers -- New York (State)  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Politics and culture  Search this
Authors -- New York  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States -- Political aspects  Search this
Dairy farms  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State)  Search this
Illustration of books  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Art and war  Search this
Commercial art  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Theme:
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9557
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211757
AAA_collcode_kentrock
Theme:
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211757
Online Media:

Untitled (New York)

Artist:
Georgia O'Keeffe, American, b. Sun Prairie, Wisconsin, 1887–1986  Search this
Medium:
Charcoal on paper
Dimensions:
24 3/8 × 18 1/2 in. (62 × 47 cm)
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1932
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, The Joseph H. Hirshhorn Bequest, 1981
Accession Number:
86.3470
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
School:
Early American Modernism
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py2f4d6860c-1739-4808-8fd0-4bf64601ff2c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_86.3470

Gold Barbra

Alternate Title:
Barbra Streisand
Artist:
Deborah Kass, born 1952  Search this
Sitter:
Barbra Streisand, born 24 Apr 1942  Search this
Medium:
Screenprint on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 61 × 50.2 cm (24 × 19 3/4")
Frame: 82.3 × 67.8 cm (32 3/8 × 26 11/16")
Type:
Print
Date:
2013
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Barbra Streisand: Female  Search this
Barbra Streisand: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Barbra Streisand: Performing Arts\Director\Motion pictures  Search this
Barbra Streisand: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion pictures  Search this
Barbra Streisand: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Barbra Streisand: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Barbra Streisand: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Popular  Search this
Barbra Streisand: Oscar  Search this
Barbra Streisand: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Barbra Streisand: Peabody Award  Search this
Barbra Streisand: Grammy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2014.31
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
©2014 Deborah Kass/Artist Rights Society (ARS), New York
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4cbe0609e-1601-415e-8889-8a7a69a49eca
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2014.31

Rita Moreno

Artist:
ADÁL, 1 Nov 1948 - 9 Dec 2020  Search this
Sitter:
Rita Moreno, born 11 Dec 1931  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 18.9 × 19.1cm (7 7/16 × 7 1/2")
Sheet: 25.2 × 20.3cm (9 15/16 × 8")
Mat: 45.7 × 35.6cm (18 × 14")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1984
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Rita Moreno: Female  Search this
Rita Moreno: Grammy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; acquisition made possible through the Smithsonian Latino Initiatives Pool, administered by the Smithsonian Latino Center; 2017 Portrait of a Nation Prize Recipient
Object number:
NPG.2014.58
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
©1984 Adál
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm49a1a981b-3284-4ab1-bd18-ce07def52e28
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2014.58

Michael Tilson Thomas

Artist:
Jérôme De Perlinghi, born 1961  Search this
Sitter:
Michael Tilson Thomas, born 1944  Search this
Medium:
Selenium-toned gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 35.8 × 35.2 cm (14 1/8 × 13 7/8")
Sheet: 52.3 × 41 cm (20 9/16 × 16 1/8")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1999
Topic:
Michael Tilson Thomas: Male  Search this
Michael Tilson Thomas: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Conductor  Search this
Michael Tilson Thomas: Grammy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; acquired through the generosity of Robert and Jan Newman
Object number:
NPG.2018.40
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Jérôme De Perlinghi
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4cefbbd12-ad05-4578-845c-c48a8dbba328
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2018.40

40 Shillings, North Carolina, 1729 (counterfeit)

Physical Description:
paper (overall mateiral)
Measurements:
overall: 14.8 cm x 10.7 cm x .01 cm; 5 13/16 in x 4 7/32 in x in
Object Name:
paper money
note
Place made:
United States: North Carolina
Date made:
1729
Date on object:
1729-11-27
Credit Line:
Chase Manhattan
ID Number:
NU.79.112.CC170.1
Accession number:
1979.1263
Catalog number:
79.112.CC170.1
Serial number:
1385
Collector/donor number:
CC170
See more items in:
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-1cf2-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1251649
Online Media:

2 Shillings and 8 Pence, New York, 1776

Maker:
Loudon, Samuel  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6.9 cm x 10.8 cm x .01 cm; 2 23/32 in x 4 1/4 in x in
Object Name:
paper money
bank note
note
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
City:
United States: New York
Province:
United States: New York
Date made:
1776
Date on object:
1776-03-05
Credit Line:
Chase Manhattan
ID Number:
NU.79.112.CC150.1
Accession number:
1979.1263
Catalog number:
79.112.CC150.1
79.112
Serial number:
20763
Collector/donor number:
CC150
See more items in:
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-1dc4-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1252451
Online Media:

5 Shillings, New York, 1709

Maker:
Bradford, William  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 15.6 cm x 10.3 cm x .01 cm; 6 5/32 in x 4 1/16 in x in
Object Name:
note
Place made:
United States: New York
Date made:
1709
Date on object:
1709-05-31
Credit Line:
Chase Manhattan
ID Number:
NU.79.112.CC143
Accession number:
2002.0007
1979.1263
Catalog number:
79.112.CC143
Serial number:
3328
Collector/donor number:
CC143
See more items in:
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-77c9-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1272725
Online Media:

5 Shillings, North Carolina, 1771

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10.8 cm x 5.2 cm x .01 cm; 4 1/4 in x 2 1/16 in x in
Object Name:
note
Place made:
United States: North Carolina
Date made:
1771
Date on object:
1771-12
Credit Line:
Stack's
ID Number:
NU.72.184.3
Catalog number:
72.184.3
Accession number:
304478
Serial number:
18970
See more items in:
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng4b1044339-9d62-2e79-e053-15f76fa0e795
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1986107
Online Media:

6 Shillings, New Jersey, 1776

Maker:
Collins, Isaac  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 5.7 cm x 9.9 cm x .01 cm; 2 1/4 in x 3 29/32 in x in
Object Name:
note
Place made:
United States: New Jersey
Date made:
1776
Date on object:
1776-03-25
Credit Line:
Stack's
ID Number:
NU.69.217.171
Catalog number:
69.217.171
Accession number:
287114
Serial number:
18409
See more items in:
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng4b294c009-96e9-46af-e053-15f76fa0f960
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1986774
Online Media:

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