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Brule Dakota man, White Bull

Creator:
Scott, George W.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (5x7 in)
Culture:
Dakota -- Brule  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Brulé Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Biographical / Historical:
Date: not recorded. Prior to November 2, 1889, when North Dakota and South Dakota entered the Union as separate states.

Photographer: George W. Scott, Fort Yates, "Dakota." Imprint on mounted print seen (5/63 by MCB) in collection of Hamilton Library, Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

"White Bull, first man to touch pen to Black Hills Treaty."-- note with original print. Kappler, 2nd edition, 1904, Volume 2 (Treaties), page 1003, lists Tah-tonka-skah, White Bull, among the Brule signers of the treaty, April 29, 1868, Fort Laramie. But this note referred to 1875, not 1868. RDM.
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.3141 C 7
Local Note:
Black and white copy negative
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Scott, George W.
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e95de919-77ec-4198-b006-f4be08b2cde5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref8240

Sans Arc Dakota woman, Mrs Martha Bad Warrior with group of relatives and friends, Green Grass, South Dakota

Creator:
Riegert, Wilbur A.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Culture:
Dakota -- Sans Arc  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
South Dakota
Date:
1936
Scope and Contents:
The photograph was taken by Wilbur A. Riegert at Green Grass, South Dakota, on Cheyenne River Reservation. Mrs. Bad Warrior was the keeper of the sacred Buffalo Calf Pipe Bundle, the only tribal bundle of the Lakotas. In order to end the long drought that afflicted the plains, she sat all day in the hot sun, holding a pipe on her lap, praying for rain. Mrs. Bad Warrior died October 25, 1936. [Source: Raymond J. DeMallie, Jr., 20 June 2007]
Biographical / Historical:
Date: August 1936.
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.55936
Local Note:
Written on back of print: "Property of Wilbur A. Riegert, Wounded Knee, S. Dakota. "[Martha Bad Warrior] Died October 25 - 1936. Given to Lucy Looking Horse on 10-29-64 by W. A. Riegert, Everett C. Jordan, Mrs A. M. Clark." [Lucy Looking Horse, daughter of Martha Bad Warrior, died in April, 1966. At the giveaway after her death, this picture was given to Mrs Belva Jack.]
Black and white copy negative
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Riegert, Wilbur A.
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3f4315ad2-1a45-49c2-ad31-1fa0a9ce3f07
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref8454

Moccasins

Culture/People:
Sioux; collected from the Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Collector:
General Nelson A. Miles (Nelson Appleton Miles), Non-Indian, 1839-1925  Search this
Previous owner:
General Nelson A. Miles (Nelson Appleton Miles), Non-Indian, 1839-1925  Search this
Chief Pretty Eagle (Déaxitchish/Dee-Kit-Shis/Deèkitshis), Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke), 1846-1903  Search this
Donor:
Cecelia Miles Reber (Cecelia Sherman Miles/Mrs. Samuel K. Reber), Non-Indian, 1869-1952  Search this
Major General Sherman Miles, Non-Indian, 1882-1966  Search this
Object Name:
Moccasins
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads, porcupine quills, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Quilled (lane stitched), lazy/lane stitch beadwork , quill-wrapped (flat)
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Place:
North Dakota or South Dakota; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
14/2238
Barcode:
142238.000
See related items:
Sioux
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6adb47e27-2467-40bc-a638-67ebbb590a41
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_152898
Online Media:

General Nelson A. Miles and Two Other Non-Native Cavalry Men On Horseback and Viewing Camp of Tipis

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photomechanical print (003 in x 006 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 106
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photomechanical prints
Photographs
Date:
16 JAN 1891
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01605211

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.56455
Local Note:
Black and white Photomechanical Print on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
South Dakota -- Pine Ridge Reservation
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 106
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw377834a7b-16e1-4e3b-ae5e-092e13ffa436
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref1335

(L-R) Bloody Knife, Custer's Favorite Indian Scout, General George Armstrong Custer, Private Noonan, and Captain William Ludlow, All with Rifles Beside Bear Shot by Custer; Tent In Background

Creator:
Illingworth, W. H. (William H.), 1842-1893  Search this
Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Names:
Black Hills Expedition (1874)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (002 in x 003 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 69
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1874
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01603405

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.56541
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
South Dakota -- Black Hills
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 69
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c183871b-ce20-425b-ae92-102f94baf349
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref1179

Portrait of Chief Makhpiya-Luta (Scarlet Cloud) or Makhpiya-Sha (Red Cloud), About 80 Years Old, Wearing Hairpipe Breastplate, Feather Headdress and Holding Pipe

Creator:
Barry, David Francis  Search this
Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 006 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 28
Culture:
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1896
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01601309

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.3237C
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
South Dakota ? -- Pine Ridge Reservation ?
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 28
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw35b34f396-dc9e-49e3-82f3-fa12d9b8babd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref853

Portrait of Miss Elbow, Daughter of Chief Harry Chins, Wearing Dentalium Shell Earrings and Breastplate

Creator:
Barry, David Francis  Search this
Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 005 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 37
Culture:
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01601804

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.56646
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
South Dakota ?/Wisconsin ?
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 37
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d0cc8d96-cbeb-414a-8f5e-39f9bb389db9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref922

Portrait of Zie-Wie (Yellow Moon), 15 Years Old, Daughter of Chief, from Crow Creek Reservation, South Dakota, In Partial Native Dress; Hampton Institute

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (003 in x 004 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 39
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01601903

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.55518
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
Virginia -- Hampton
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 39
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3345caa9f-2f7e-4b78-a28b-c0f062ae4a7a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref946

Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection

Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
United States. Department of the Interior  Search this
Extent:
3,710 Photographic prints (29 photograph albums)
3 Linear feet
1430 Negatives (photographic) (acetate)
325 Lantern slides (colored)
Culture:
Oklahoma Cherokee  Search this
Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Osage  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oklahoma Seminole  Search this
Quapaw  Search this
Miami [Oklahoma]  Search this
Wyandotte [Oklahoma]  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma]  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Chemehuevi  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Payómkawichum (Luiseño)  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Puye Pueblo  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa  Search this
Lake Superior Chippewa  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Pechanga Band Luiseño  Search this
Rincon Band Luiseño  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Pala Band Luiseño (Agua Caliente)  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Bering Strait Inupiaq  Search this
Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Lantern slides
Photographs
Photograph albums
Place:
Utah
Alaska
Oklahoma
Washington
Florida
Montana
Arizona
Arkansas
Missouri
North Carolina
Minnesota
New Mexico
California
Date:
1880-1928
bulk 1899-1909
Summary:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes photographic negatives, photo albums, lantern slides, journals, scrapbooks and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909. Initially assigned as a revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation and later as an Indian Inspector reviewing boarding schools, Frank's assignments took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities shooting photographs and taking notes.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes 1430 photographic negatives, 29 photo albums containing 3710 photographic prints, 325 lantern slides, and 3 linear feet of journals, scrapbooks, and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909.

Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903, includes 11 photo albums and 357 negatives from Frank Churchill's original assignment as revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation. Locations include Indian Territory (Oklahoma) [bulk], Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, South Dakota, Arkansas, and Missouri. The Native communities visited and photographed in this series include— Oklahoma Cherokee, Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek), Quapaw, Osage, Miami, Wyandotte [Oklahoma], Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), Winnebago [Nebraska], Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma], Ponca, Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee), Oto, Sioux [Crow Creek], Kaw (Kansa), Chickasaw, Modoc, Kiowa, Choctaw.

Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1903-1907, includes 9 photo albums and 832 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment as an Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in this series, though there are two photo albums with Southwest photographs included in Series 4. Locations in this series includes Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin. The Native Communities visited and photographed in this series include—A:shiwi (Zuni), Diné (Navajo), Acoma Pueblo, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, Cochiti Pueblo, Hopi Pueblo, Isleta Pueblo, K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), Kumeyaay (Diegueño), Laguna Pueblo, Luiseño (Luiseno), Mescalero Apache, Mojave (Mohave), Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), Picuris Pueblo, Piipaash (Maricopa), Puye Pueblo, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), San Carlos Apache, Taos Pueblo, Tohono O'odham (Papago).

Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905), includes four photograph albums and 71 negatives from Frank Churchill's appointment as special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska in the summer and fall of 1905. Two of the albums were not made by the Churchills. The first of these (Box 20) includes photographs by William Hamilton and the second (Box 21) includes photographs by W. T. Lopp. Locations in Alaska include St. Lawrence Island, Nuwukmiut/Point Barrow, Teller, Diomedes Islands, Nome, Kotzebue, Wrangell, Port Clarence Bay, Unalaska Island and Baranof Island. There are a number of photographs aboard the U.S. Cutter "Bear" and aboard the mailboat "Georgia." Native communities photographed include—Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik), Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo), Bering Strait Inupiaq [Diomedes], Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo), Tlingit.

Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909, includes five photograph albums and 163 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment at Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations in the Southwest (Arizona and Utah) on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in Series 3. Locations include Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota and Florida. Native communities visited and photographed include-Diné (Navajo), Hopi Pueblo, Kaibab Paiute, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Eastern Band of Cherokee, Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan), Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe], Turtle Mountain Chippewa, Seminole. There is restricted material in Box 23 (Album P23380).

Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vacation, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials, 1898-1913, includes four photograph albums from vacations and other visits made by the Churchills unrelated to Frank's activities as Indian Inspector.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928 (bulk 1899-1909), includes three linear feet of materials arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1, Clara Churchill, includes 16 journals, 12 scrapbooks and various other manuscript materials written and accumulated by Clara Churchill during their travels. Many of the journals include personal writings as well as several photographs that are duplicated in the photograph albums. The journals and scrapbooks encompass the full range of the Churchills' travels and include notes from Indian Territory, Southwest, Midwest, Southeast, Plains and Alaska. Subseries 6.2, Colonel Frank C. Churchill, includes official documents around Churchill's assignments as well as the reports Frank submitted back to the Secretary of the Interior (Box 41 and 42). Subseries 6.3, Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous, includes catalogs and other notes related to the large collection of Native American objects amassed by Frank and Clara. Clara also collected other items such as shells, minerals, and sand.

Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, includes 325 hand colored glass lantern slides. These were made by the Churchills from existing negatives and used for lectures. Lantern slides #1-#121 include views photographed in Alaska in 1905. Sldes #122-#325 include an assortment of views from Oklahoma (Indian Territory), Nebraska, Montana, Minnesota, California, Arizona and New Mexico photographed between 1900 and 1909.
Arrangement:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection has been arranged in seven series by material type and then chronologically. The first five series are then divided into subseries by "Photo Albums" and "Negatives." These include--Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903; Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1907-1907; Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905-1905); Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909; Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vaction, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928, is arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1: Clara G. Churchill, Subseries 6.2: Frank C. Churchill, and Subseries 6.3: Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous. Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, is arranged in orginal number order from the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Carroll Churchill was born August 2, 1850 to Benjamin P. Churchill and Susanna Thompson in West Fairlee, Vermont. Frank was educated at Thetford Academy in Thetford, VT and worked as a clerk for D.C. Churchill & Co. in Lyme, NH between 1869-1870. Between 1870 and 1877, Churchill was employed by H.W. Carter as a wholesale merchant in Lebanon, New Hampshire. During this time, Churchill met Clara Corser Turner and they were married on June 11, 1874.

Clara G. (Turner) Churchill was born December 16, 1851, to Colonel Francis H. Corser and Sarah Hook (Perkins) Corser. Colonel Corser and his wife died young, and Clara was adopted by George and Abby H. Turner of Concord, New Hampshire. In 1877, in association with William S. Carter, Frank Churchill opened the business "Carter & Churchill" which was in this business for 21 years. Churchill held various political offices from 1879-91. He served as chairman of the Republican town committee of Lebanon and of the Republican State committee in 1890 and 1891. He served on the staff of Governor Natt Head in 1879 and 1880, with the rank of Colonel. He was chairman of the New Hampshire delegation at the Republican National Convention which nominated President Harrison and represented the Fourth District in the Executive Council in 1889-1890 during the administration of Governor David. H. Goodell.

In 1899 Frank was appointed revenue inspector for the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory and was later appointed a special agent for the Interior Department to formulate a system of public schools in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and across the Southwest. In 1905, he was appointed special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska and was reappointed Indian Inspector between 1905-1909. In 1909, Churchill resigned due to failing health and died November 5, 1912. Clara accompanied Frank on all his travels between 1899 and 1909 (see below chronology for full details) maintaining journals and writing articles for publication in "WHAT." Clara was also a painter, producing watercolors and hand-painting many of the photographs she and Frank made on their travels. Following Frank's death, Clara maintained their collection of Native artifacts and photographs in their home in Lebanon, New Hampshire. Clara died April 16, 1945, bequeathing the full collection to Dartmouth College.
Frank Churchill's assignments as Special agent and Indian Inspector from 1899-1909 took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities. For more details, see the chronology below.

Travels in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and other assignments, 1899-1903

1899, June 29 -- Churchills arrive in Muskogee, Indian Territory (Oklahoma).

1899, July-October -- Visit to Fort Gibson, Tahlequah, Sallisaw, and Vinita (Indian Territory/Oklahoma). Visit to Noel and South west City, Missouri. Visit to Chelsea and Coffeyville, Kansas. Visit to Fort Smith, Arkansas.

1899, November -- Visit Tahlequah while the Cherokee Nation legislature was in session.

1899, December -- Travel in Colorado.

1900, March -- Return to Muskogee and Fort Gibson.

1900, Sept 17-Oct 5 -- Dawes Commission in Vinita.

1901, Mar-Apr 3 -- Visit to the Quapaw Agency, Wyandotte Reservation and school, Modoc reservation and the town of Miami.

1901, April -- Visit to Denison, Texas. Visit to Checotah, Eufaula, South McAlester (Choctaw nation).

1901, Summer -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1901, October -- Visit to Tishomingo, seat of government of the Chickasaws.

1902, January -- Trip to the Chickasaw Nation Visit to Anadarko, Indian Agency of the Kiowa, Comanche and Apache, Fort Sill, Wichita Mountains, and Lawton.

1902, May -- Frank is dispatched to Sioux City, Iowa.

1902, May-June -- Visit to Winnebago Agency, Omaha Agency, Santee Agency.

1902, July -- Visit to St. Paul, Minnesota and Eau Claire, Wisconsin, (Chippewa Falls). Frank is sent to Sulphur Springs, Texas, to author a report.

1902, August -- Churchills return to Muskogee, IT.

1902, September-October -- Trip to White Eagle, Ponca Agency for a month. Visit to Otoe school, Pawnee School, Shawnee, Sac and Fox reservations.

1902, November-December -- Visit to Crow Creek Agency.

1903, January -- Return to Sulpher Springs, Texas.

1903, March -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1903, April -- Visit to Colorado.

1903, May-October -- Visit to 23 towns in Oklahoma (IT) with the Secretary of the Interior.

Travels in New Mexico, Arizona and California, 1903-1905

1903, November -- Frank receives orders to proceed to Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico.

1903, December 9 -- Visit to Zuni, followed by Canyon de Chelly, Hubbell's Ranch, Keams Canyon.

1903, December 21 -- Visit to Hopi Pueblo. Walpi, Polacca Day School, Oraibi, Shumopavi (Shungopavi/Songoopavi), Shipaulovi (Supawlavi) and Mishongnovi (Musungnuvi).

1903, December 28 -- Visit to Fort Defiance.

1904, January -- Travel in New Mexico. Visit to Gallup, Laguna Pueblo, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Albuquerque, Isleta Pueblo, Santa Fe, Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo).

1904, February -- Visit to Sacaton, Akimel O'odham (Pima) Reservation and Casa Grande ruins in Arizona.

1904, March -- Visit to Lehi Day School, Salt River Day School, Phoenix Indian School, Gila River Crossing Day School and Maricopa Day School, Arizona.

1904, March 10-26 -- Visit to Fort Mojave and Chemehuevi.

1904, March 30-April -- Visit to Riverside, California, Sherman Institute and Perris School. Side trip to Yuma, Arizona.

1905, January-February -- Visit to Sulphur, IT.

1905, March -- Visit to Mescalero Apache Agency, San Carlos Apache Agency, Geronimo Settlement, Rice Station School at Talkalai.

1905, April 10-20 -- Return to Sherman Institute in Riverside, California. Visit to San Jacinto, Perris, Saboba, Cahuilla, San Manuella (Band of Mission Indians), Coachella, Torres Reservation, Martinez Reservation Day School, Cabazon Reservation, Protrero Reservation and Day School.

1905, April 22-May -- Visit to Temecula, Pechanga Day School, Pala Mission, Campo Reservation, Mission of San Luis Rey, Rincon Day School, Mesa Grande School, Santa Ysabel (Diegueno), Volcan Mountain Day School.

Travels in Alaska, 1905

1905, June -- Frank receives an assignment in Alaska.

1905, July -- Board the U.S. Revenue Cutter "Bear" in Nome. Visit to Reindeer Station in Teller, Cape Prince of Wales, Kotzebue Sound, Cape Thompson, Point Hope and Point Barrow.

1905, August -- Visit to Wainwright Inlet, return to Nome. Visit to Anvil Creek, Gologin (Golovin) Bay, St. Lawrence Island, Pribilof Islands (Seal Islands), St. George, Dutch Harbor and Unalaska.

1905, September -- Board the "Dora" anchored near Belkofski, Cold Bay, Karluk, Afgonak, and Kodiak. Stop in Homer, Seldovia and Seward. Visit to Sitka.

1905, September 28 -- Board the steamer "Georgia" to Juneau and Skagway via Hoonah.

1905, October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in Arizona, New Mexico, Minnesota, Wisconsin, California and Utah, 1906-1907

1906, March-April -- Re-assigned to Southwest and arrive in Tucson, Arizona. Visit to San Xavier Mission, Tohono O'odham (Papago) reservation, Casa Grande, Sacaton, Maricopa, Gila Crossing, Salt River and Phoenix schools.

1906, May -- Return to New Mexico to visit Gallup and Zuni Day School.

1906, June -- Visit to St, Paul, Minnesota and the White Earth (Ojibwe) reservation and Wild Rice River School in Boliere.

1906, July -- Visit to Ashland, Wisconsin, Lac Courte Oreilles, Hayward, and Lac de Flambeau (La Pointe Agency.

1906, July-September -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1906, September -- Visit to Fond du Lac (Winnebago Lake), Wabeno, and Carter, Wisconsin.

1906, October -- Visit to Phlox, Wausau, Minocqua, Star Lake, Bark River and Wausaukee, Wisconsin.

1906, November-December -- Visit to Keshena (Green Bay Indian School), Menominee Reservation and Ashland, Wisconsin.

1906, December-January -- Stay in Washington, DC.

1907, February -- Return to Albuquerque, New Mexico.

1907, March -- Visit to Santa Fe and various Pueblos (Cochiti, Tesuque, San Ildefonso, Ohkay Owingeh [San Juan], Toas and Picuris).

1907, April -- Return to Albuquerque, visit to Pueblos (Isleta, Laguna, Mesita, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Seama).

1907, April -- Visit to Phoenix, Arizona (Phoenix Indian School), Fort McDowell and Salt River Day School.

1907, May -- Visit to Sacaton, Maricopa, Casa Grande, and Yuma, Arizona.

1907, June -- Visit to Riverside (Sherman Institute), and Pomona, California.

1907, June-July -- Travel to Salt Lake City, Utah. Visit Panguitch, Orton, Kanab, Escalante and Marysvale, Utah.

1907, July-August -- Return to Arizona. Visit Flagstaff, Tuba Indian School, as well as Hopi Pueblo (Walpi, Moencopi, and Oraibi).

1907, September-October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in North Carolina, Montana and Florida, 1907-1909

1907, October 22 -- Assigned to Cherokee, North Carolina, to make a new roll of the Eastern Band of Cherokee.

1907, November -- Arrive in Cherokee, North Caolina.

1908, February -- Visit to Robbinsville and Big Cove

1908, April -- Cherokee council meeting regarding Churchill's new roll.

1908, May -- Completes assignment in North Carolina.

1908, June-September -- Return to Washington, DC and Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1908, September-October -- Trip to Montana. Visit to Browning, Blackfeet Reservation, Harlem, Fort Belknap and Fort Peck.

1908, November -- Visit to Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) and Wahpeton, and Fort Totten, North Dakota.

1908, December -- Visit to Morris, Minnesota.

1909, January -- Trip to Washington, DC for the inauguration of President Taft.

1909, February -- Visit to Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

1909, March-April -- Trip to Florida. Visit to Miami, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Tampa Bay, St. Petersburg, Gainesville, and St. Augustine.

1909, May -- Visit to Soco Creek and Cherokee, North Carolina.

1909, July -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1909, August -- Resignation as Indian Inspector.
Related Materials:
A large collection of Native American cultural objects and archaeology bequeathed by Clara Churchill can still be found at the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Provenance:
Frederick Dockstader, former director of the Museum of the American Indian (MAI), Heye Foundation, illegally removed the majority of the photographs (photo albums, negatives) and manuscript material (journals, reports) from the Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College in 1955, before depositing them at the MAI. Those materials were officially gifted to NMAI in 2018 by the Hood Museum. Additional materials from the Churchill collection that remained at the Hood Museum (lantern slides, photographs, scrapbooks, journals) were donated in 2020. These materials have been noted in the finding aid.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Boarding schools  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Photographic prints
Photograph albums
Negatives (photographic)
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45e31a2d8-afd7-4320-96c7-1f596f51c142
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-058
Online Media:

The unquiet grave the FBI and the struggle for the soul of Indian country Steve Hendricks

Author:
Hendricks, Steve  Search this
Physical description:
490 pages illustrations, map 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
South Dakota
Dakota du Sud
Date:
2006
Topic:
Civil rights  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Indiens d'Amérique  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Indians of North America--Civil rights  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_810931

Walking on earth and touching the sky : poetry and prose by Lakota youth at Red Cloud Indian School / edited by Timothy P. McLaughlin ; paintings by S.D. Nelson ; foreword by Joseph M. Marshall III

Title:
Walking on earth and touching the sky
Author:
McLaughlin, Timothy P  Search this
Nelson, S. D  Search this
Marshall III, Joseph M  Search this
Physical description:
80 p. : col. ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Literary collections
Date:
2012
Topic:
American literature--Indian authors  Search this
Lakota Indians  Search this
Indian children's writings  Search this
Teton Indians--Literary collections  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1039970

Frances Densmore photographs of July 4 observances at Standing Rock Reservation

Creator:
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Extent:
9 Prints (silver gelatin)
7 Negatives (nitrate)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Negatives
Photographs
Place:
Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.)
Date:
1912
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting camps and scenery during July 4th observances in 1912 at Bullhead, Standing Rock Reservation, South Dakota. Handwriting on the photographs' versos is probably that of Frances Densmore.
Biographical/Historical note:
Frances Densmore (1867-1957) was born in Red Wing, Minnesota, and educated at Oberlin College Conservatory of Music (1884-1886). She taught music in St. Paul until 1889, when she moved to Boston to study with composers at Harvard University. Soon thereafter, Densmore became interested in Native American music and she did her first field studies with the Ojibwa in Minnesota in 1905. She became associated with the Bureau of American Ethnology in 1907, which helped fund her trips to record music, collect musical insturments, and make photographs documenting tribes across the United States. Densmore stayed with the Bureau for fifty years until her death in Red Wing in 1957.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 81L
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds Frances Densmore papers (MS 4250) and material relating to her music research (MS 3370 and other numbered manuscript collections).
Densmore photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24, MS 4250, MS 4635, MS 3261, MS 4690, MS 4877, Photo Lot 33, and the BAE historical negatives.
Correspondence from Densmore held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4846, MS 4821, Bureau of American Ethnology records, Science Service records, records of the Department of Anthropology, and collections of personal papers.
The Braun Research Library at Autry National Center and the Minnesota Historical Society also holds Frances Densmore papers.
Restrictions:
Original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 81L, Frances Densmore photographs of July 4 observances at Standing Rock Reservation, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.81L
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3bd1ce141-89d9-4d48-8b33-23dd54d788a5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-81l

Rinzler Fieldwork: Resurrection City Festival

Field worker:
Rinzler, Ralph  Search this
Performer:
Knight, Lucille  Search this
Perkins, Mr.  Search this
David, Lloyd  Search this
Dum Dum and Stupid (Musical group)  Search this
Chief Big Snake  Search this
Collection Creator:
Rinzler, Ralph  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (sound-tape reel, analog, 7 in.)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Americans  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
South Dakota
Track Information:
101 Intro / Dum Dum and Stupid (Musical group).

102 Sioux Indian / Lucille Knight.

103 Sioux Indian / Mr. Perkins.

104 Sioux Indian / Chief Big Snake.

105 The Death of Willie Clyde / Lloyd David.
Local Numbers:
FP-RINZ-7RR-0553
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, May 29, 1968.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Spoken word  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Sioux Nation  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Collection Citation:
Ralph Rinzler papers and audio recordings, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.RINZ, Item FP-RINZ-7RR-0553
See more items in:
Ralph Rinzler papers and audio recordings
Ralph Rinzler papers and audio recordings / Series 9: Audio / Non-Commercial / Fieldwork / Open Reel Tapes (RR)
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk598c7cd31-e235-4859-8eaa-517db743388f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-rinz-ref7267

St. Francis Mission photograph collection

Creator:
Buechel, Eugene  Search this
Photographer:
Gentle, Salvatore  Search this
Extent:
3,800 Copy prints (circa, black and white)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Photographs
Place:
Rosebud Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
circa 1902-1905, 1920s-1940s, 1960s
Scope and Contents note:
Copy photographs depicting buildings, farms, Dakota Indians, and mission school activities in and around the St. Francis Mission on the Rosebud Reservation. The majority of the photographs were made by Eugene Buechel, a Jesuit who served at St. Francis and Holy Rosary missions. The collection also includes some photographs by Fr. Salvatore Gentile of a Sun Dance on the Pine Ridge Reservation.
Biographical/Historical note:
St. Francis Mission was a Jesuit mission established on the Rosebud Reservation in South Dakota in 1886. The central function of the mission was education, in the form of the St. Francis Mission school. Father Digmann, often referred to as the founder of St. Francis Mission, also established thirty-seven mission stations around the reservation. In 1972 the mission school was turned over to the tribe's community corporation, Sicangu Oyate Ho, Inc., which renamed it St. Francis Indian School.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R74-10
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints and negatives made by Smithsonian Institution, 1973-1974.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photographs of St. Francis Mission may be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4574.
Marquette University's Raynor Memorial Libraries in Milwaukee, WI, holds the records of the St. Francis Mission.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes only. Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Topic:
St. Francis Indian Mission (South Dakota)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot R74-10, St Francis Indian Mission photograph collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R74-10
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw394d8714e-13b5-4674-9545-ef9a86043307
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r74-10

H. Scudder Mekeel photographs

Creator:
Mekeel, H. Scudder (Haviland Scudder), 1902-1947  Search this
Names:
Laboratory of Anthropology (Museum of New Mexico)  Search this
Collier, John, 1884-1968  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Photographer:
Fiske, Frank Bennett, 1883-1952  Search this
Rise, Carl H., 1888-1939  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (photochrom)
443 Negatives (nitrate)
235 Prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Taos Indians  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Osage  Search this
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Negatives
Place:
Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.)
Oraibi (Ariz.)
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
bulk 1930-1933
circa 1920-1947
Scope and Contents note:
The photographs primarily document ceremonies, people, and lands of Native Americans in the Plains and Southwest, taken during Mekeel's field research from 1929 to 1936. A large portion of the collection depicts Mekeel's research during the early 1930s among the Oglala of the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota. Another large portion of the collection includes personal photos depicting Mekeel's homes and children.
Biographical/Historical note:
H. Scudder Mekeel (1902-1947) was an anthropologist who studied social and psychological aspects of Native American cultures. Educated at Harvard University (BA, 1928), the University of Chicago (MA, 1929), and Yale University (PhD, 1932), he was a member of the 1929 Laboratory of Anthropology (Santa Fe) ethnological field school led by Alfred L. Kroeber. In 1929-1932, he carried out three field expeditions to the Sioux communities of South Dakota, working mainly on the Pine Ridge Reservation. He joined the Bureau of Indian Affairs as Director of Applied Anthropology under Commissioner John Collier in 1935. Two years later, he was appointed Director of the Laboratory of Anthropology at Santa Fe and continued there until 1940, when he accepted a teaching position at the University of Wisconsin.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 94-21
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds copies of Mekeel's Field Notes from the summers of 1930 and 1931 in the White Clay District of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota (MS 7088). Originals of these field notes and Mekeel's population notes on the White Clay District are held by the American Museum of Natural History, Division of Anthropology Archives (.M454).
The Human Studies Film Archives holds Mekeel's film footage of a Lakota Sioux Sundance from 1930 (HSFA 92.8.1).
Correspondence from Mekeel held in the National Anthropological Archives in the William Duncan Strong papers, Raoul Weston LaBarre Papers, and Bureau of American Ethnology Administrative File.
Restrictions:
Original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require special arrangements for viewing.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Citation:
Photo Lot 94-21, the H. Scudder Mekeel photographs, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.94-21
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3dbffcbe1-fa91-4298-a955-884082c29279
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-94-21

Copies of Stephen E. Feraca photographs of Siouan Indians and Sun Dance

Creator:
Feraca, Stephen E., 1934-  Search this
Extent:
85 Copy color slides
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy color slides
Photographs
Place:
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Rosebud Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
circa 1954-1961
Scope and Contents note:
Copies of photographs mostly depicting Sun Dances on the Pine Ridge and Rosebud Indian Reservations. They depict Oglala, Dakota, and other Siouan Indians, encampments, wagons, tipis, and a powwow.
Biographical/Historical note:
Stephen E. Feraca was an employee of the Department of the Interior, based at the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota. He earned a masters degree from Columbia University (ca. 1957); his thesis was titled "The contemporary Teton Sioux Sun Dance." He also authored the book Wakinyan: Lakota Religion in the Twentieth Century, University of Nebraska Press, 1998. Feraca retired from the Department of the Interior in 1985.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R92-49
Reproduction Note:
Copy slides made by Smithsonian Institution, 1989.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Correspondence from Feraca held in the National Anthropological Archives in the James Henri Howard Papers.
Provenance:
Originals loaned for copying by Stephen Feraca through Joallyn Archambault, 1989.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes only. Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Topic:
Tipis  Search this
Wagons  Search this
Sun Dance  Search this
Camps  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot R92-49, Copies of Stephen E. Feraca photographs of Siouan Indians and Sun Dance, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R92-49
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d94caf27-26d8-4854-b0e8-e95dc6823374
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r92-49

MS 7580 Sun Dance Songs

Creator:
Lewis, Thomas H.  Search this
Names:
Red Cloud, Edgar  Search this
Extent:
1 Reel
Culture:
Oglala Lakota [Pine Ridge]  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Reels
Date:
1968
Scope and Contents:
Includes a group led by Edgar Red Cloud singing religious portion of Sandance during early morning hours and social dancing performed by six or seven groups from various parts of the reservation.
Biographical / Historical:
Recording was made at Pine Ridge, South Dakota, during the Sundance of 1968.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7580
Topic:
Sun Dance -- Dakota  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7580, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7580
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38931849c-1837-458d-8182-4161b4352a2e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7580

Wounded Knee Battlefield

Creator:
Donaldson, Lt. T.Q.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Glennan, James D.  Search this
Extent:
1 Blueprint (024in x 024in)
Culture:
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Blueprints
Scope and Contents:
Map depicting troup position, Indian village and ponies, Council ring, soldiers' tents, etc.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.10000202

OPPS NEG.76-5022
Local Note:
Published: Mooney, James; BAE 14th AR; "The Ghost-Dance Religion and the Sioux Outbreak of 1890"; Pl XCVII; Washington, D.C., 1892-93
blueprint
Place:
South Dakota
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 385,953, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Wounded Knee Battleground Map showing location of the troops, Indians
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34efff85d-028c-4517-8c25-a3d4312cfd5f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms385953-ref1

Ellery Vladimir Wilcox photographs of Native Americans

Creator:
Wilcox, Ellery Vladimir  Search this
Extent:
21 Prints (silver gelatin (including contact prints))
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Yanktonnai Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Studio portraits
Photographs
Date:
circa 1900-1947
Scope and Contents note:
The collection largely consists of studio portraits of Native Americans probably from the Plains, which were most likely made at Wilcox's studio in Scotland, South Dakota. It also includes images of the tombstones of Yankton Dakota Joseph Selwyn (Medicine Cow, ca. 1821-1898), John Pretty Bull (1851-1924), and Feather in Ear (Wiyakaion, d. 1900).
Biographical/Historical note:
Ellery Vladimir Wilcox (1882-1960) was educated at the Illinois College of Photography at Effingham, Illinois, and worked for studios and photographic supply houses in Illinois, South Dakota, Ohio, Missouri, Iowa, and Minnesota (1899-1912). In 1912, he purchased the Mason Studio in Scotland, South Dakota, which he operated until 1947. He helped organize South Dakota's first photographic association and the South Dakota chapter of the Master Photo Finishers Association.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 83-44, NAA ACC 84-17
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Sepulchral monuments  Search this
Genre/Form:
Studio portraits
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 83-44, Ellery Vladimir Wilcox photographs of Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.83-44
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3766a30da-1e94-4033-a884-e690c06506eb
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-83-44

Dakota Photographs

Photographer:
Kelly, R. L.  Search this
Stilwell, L. W.  Search this
Scott, George W.  Search this
Cross, W. R. (William R.)  Search this
Kelly, R. L.  Search this
Creator:
Northwestern Photo Company  Search this
Names:
Bear Pipe  Search this
Big Foot (Dakota)  Search this
Big Talk  Search this
Black Horse  Search this
Burke, Major  Search this
Bush, Joe  Search this
Crow Dog American Indian  Search this
Gerard, Frank  Search this
Good Lance  Search this
High Hawk  Search this
Kicking Bear  Search this
McDonough, J. M.  Search this
Medicine Man  Search this
Paint His Horse  Search this
Sitting Bull, 1831-1890  Search this
Standing Bear, Ellis  Search this
Standing Elk  Search this
Stinking Bear, Chief  Search this
Taylor, Captain  Search this
Two Strikes  Search this
Two Strikes  Search this
War bonnet  Search this
Extent:
54 Copy prints
Culture:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Relate to the Dakota Indians of Pine Ridge and Rosebud Agencies, and to the Battle of Wounded Knee (December 29, 1890), including views of the battlefield, January, 1891.
"The Nebraska State Historical Society, 1500 R. Street, Lincoln 8, Nebraska (James C. Olson, Supt.), has a collection of pictures relating to the Battle of Wounded Knee, fought in 1890. Included in the group of about 50 photographs are scenes before and following the battle, photographs of Indians, and related subjects. There are a few glass plate negatives by G. E. Trager, and the remainder of the collection consists of old photoprints or copies thereof." -- from Eye to Eye (Graphic Hitory Soc. Of America)-1954- 106. This entry from Eye to Eye, 1954 may refer to the same collection as Bureau of American Ethnology Catalog Number 4464. (Negative Numbers 3200-b-1--15) Some of these were published by Schmitt and Brown ("Fighting Indians of the West," 1948) from the Bureau of American Ethnology copy negatives and attributed to Trager as the photographer. However, the prints in the Bureau of American Ethnology apparently bear no signature or other mark attributing them to Trager. Possibly Schmitt and Brown knew him to be the photographer from other research they had done. It remains to check this collection with the Nebraska Historical Society to see if it is the same as theirs. The prints received from Mr Johnson have evidently been copied many times.
Contents: Catalog Number 4464 Dakota (1) Description: Burial of the dead after the Battle of Wounded Knee Photographer: Northwestern Photo Co. Date: December 29, 1890 (copyright 1/1/91) Negative Number 3200-b-7. (2) Medicine Man, dead in the snow Northwestern Photo Co copyright 1/1/91 3200-b-8. (3) Big Foot, dead in the snow Northwestern Photo Co copyright 1/1/91 3200-b-2 and 55,018. (4) Wounded Knee Battlefield, looking north Northwestern Photo Co copyright 1891 3200-b-10. (5) Wounded Knee Battlefield, looking south-west Northwestern Photo Co ? 1891 47,685. (6) Wounded Knee Battlefield Northwestern Photo Co ? 1891. (7) General Carr's camp at Pine Ridge Agency Northwestern Photo Co ? 1891. (8) Hostile Indian camp at the Mission near Pine Ridge Agency Northwestern Photo Co 1891. (9) "Scene at the battlefield." Northwest Photo Co 1891 3200-b-14. (10) Catholic Mission, 9 miles north of Pine Ridge Agency Northwestern Photo Co 1891. (11) Rosebud and Sioux Indians War Dance at Pine Ridge Agency, December 25, 1890 Northwestern Photo Co ? 12/25, 1890. (12) Kicking Bear, Brule Dakota Northwestern Photo Co. (13) Stinking Bear, a leader of the friendly Sioux Indians, Pine Ridge Northwestern Photo Co 1891. (14) Standing Elk (left) and Black Horse (right) Northwestern Photo Co 1891.
Catalog Number 4464 Dakota: (15) Description: Left to right: Two Strike, Crow Dog, High Hawk Photographer: Northwestern Photo Co Date: 1891 Negative Number: 42,827. (16) Left to right: J. M. McDonough, Good Lance, Big Talk, Frank Gerard (chief of scouts), Kicking Bear, Two Strike, Major Burke Northwestern Photo Co 1891. (17) Grand Council between friendly and hostile Indian chiefs at Pine Ridge Agency, January 17, 1891. Chief Kicking Bear talking Northwestern Photo Co January 17, 1891. (18) Indians at camp, Pine Ridge Agency Northwestern Photo Co 1891 3200-b-12. (19) Beef Issue, Pine Ridge Agency Northwestern Photo Co 1891. (20) Hospital, Pine Ridge Agency Northwestern Photo Co 1891 (21) Captain Taylor and his Indian Scouts on drill, Pine Ridge Agency Northwestern Photo Co 1891. (22) Officers of the 7th Cavalry, Pine Ridge Agency Northwestern Photo Co Date Unknown. (23) Officers of the 9th Cavalry, Pine Ridge Agency Northwestern Photo Co. [1891 ?] (24) Pine Ridge Agency from the north. (not clear) 1891. (25) Wounded Knee battlefield 1891. (26) Wounged Knee battlefield 3200-b-9. (27) "Scaffold on which the first Indian was hanged. Deadwood, South Dakota." (28) Sitting Bull R. L. Kelly, Pierre, South Dakota 47,686-A. (29) Dakota man, 3/4 length L. W. Stilwell ? (30) Joe Bush L. W. Stilwell, Deadwood, South Dakota. (31) Two men, standing L. W. Stilwell? (32) War Bonnet L. W. Stilwell. (33) Bear Pipe L. W. Stilwell. (34) Ellis [?] Standing Bear L. W. Stilwell (35) Mother of Messiah "watching Ghost Dance at Wounded Knee, South Dakota, 1891"- A. G. Johnson George W. Scott, Fort Yates, North Dakota 1891. (36) Two men standing in front of covered wagon. (37) Four men standing in front of covered wagon. (38) Stinking Bear and Paint His Horse. (39) Row of men on horseback. (40) Omaha Dance, Rosebud Agency W. R. Cross, Hot Springs, South Dakota 1891 55,634. (41) Omaha Dance, Rosebud Agency W. R. Cross, Hot Springs, South Dakota. (42) Row of Indians in front of a reviewing stand. (43) Row of Indians sitting on ground; white man on horse behind them. (44) "Sioux Indians in town July 4, hitting a dime at distance 100 ft." (45) Three "Sioux Indians coming to town."
Catalog Number 4464 Dakota:(46) Description: Hospital, Pine Ridge Agency Photographer Unknown Date: 1891. (47) Funeral of an Indian policeman 1891. (48) Scaffold burials, Yankton Agency, Dakota Territory W. R. Cross. (49) Large group of men on horseback. (50) "U. S. Cavalry returning after Battle of Wounded Knee, S. D., 1891." (51) "U. S. Army Officers Pine Ridge, S. D. 1891." 3200-b-13. (52) Officers with Indian fighters, Pine Ridge Agency 1891. (53) Officers of 7th Cavalry, Pine Ridge. (54) "Soldiers of Wounded Knee, 1891." (55) "Gathering up the dead at the Battle of Wounded Knee, S. D." 1891 47,685-B.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4464
Local Note:
Filed: Original prints, Dakota.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
War -- Battle of Wounded Knee  Search this
Dance  Search this
Camps  Search this
Federal-Indian relations -- Beef Issue  Search this
U. S. Army -- Cavalry officers  Search this
U. S. Army -- Battle of Wounded Knee  Search this
Death and mortuary customs -- scaffold burials  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4464, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4464
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32b00ff45-a581-4a93-97bf-ad063e201c17
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4464

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