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National Congress of American Indians records

Creator:
National Congress of American Indians  Search this
Names:
Arrow, Inc.  Search this
National Tribal Chairmen's Association  Search this
Native American Rights Fund  Search this
United Effort Trust  Search this
United States. American Indian Policy Review Commission  Search this
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
United States. Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Bronson, Ruth Muskrat  Search this
Curry, James E., 1907-1972  Search this
Deloria, Vine  Search this
Harjo, Suzan Shown  Search this
McNickle, D'Arcy, 1904-1977  Search this
Peterson, Helen L.  Search this
Snake, Reuben, 1937-1993  Search this
Tonasket, Mel  Search this
Trimble, Charles E.  Search this
Extent:
251 Linear feet (597 archival boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Videotapes
Correspondence
Administrative records
Financial records
Audiotapes
Clippings
Date:
1933-1990
bulk 1944-1989
Summary:
The National Congress of American Indian (NCAI), founded in 1944, is the oldest nation-wide American Indian advocacy organization in the United States. The NCAI records document the organization's work, particularly that of its office in Washington, DC, and the wide variety of issues faced by American Indians in the twentieth century. The collection is located in the Cultural Resource Center of the National Museum of the American Indian.
Scope and Contents:
The records of the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) reflect the operations of its Washington, DC, headquarters and, in particular, the activities and responsibilities of its executive director. The papers primarily cover the period 1943 to 1990, although some documents pre-dating NCAI are present. The bulk of the material relates to legislation, lobbying, and NCAI's interactions with various governmental bodies. A large segment also concerns the annual conventions and executive council and executive committee meetings. Finally, the records also document the operations of the NCAI, including personnel, financial, and fundraising material. Materials found throughout the collection include letters, memoranda, handwritten notes, speeches, press releases, newspaper clippings, publications, minutes of meetings, transcripts, reports, agenda, programs, financial records, legislative materials, photographs, and sound recordings.
Arrangement:
The National Congress of American Indians records are arranged in 21 series:

Series 1 -- : NCAI Conventions and Mid-Year Conferences

Series 2 -- : Executive Council and Executive Committee Files

Subseries 2.1: Executive Council

Subseries 2.2: Executive Committee

Subseries 2.3: Executive Committee: Benefit Awards

Series 3 -- : Correspondence Files

Subseries 3.1: Name Files

Subseries 3.2: Chronological Files

Subseries 3.3: Miscellaneous Files

Series 4 -- : Tribal Files

Subseries 4.1: Individual Tribes, Bands and Reservations

Subseries 4.2: Intertribal Organizations

Subseries 4.3: Special Issues

Subseries 4.4: Miscellaneous Tribal Files

Series 5 -- : Records of Indian Interest Organizations

Subseries 5.1: Other Indian Organizations

Subseries 5.2: Non-Indian Support Groups

Subseries 5.3: General Indian Interest Groups

Series 6 -- : NCAI Committees and Special Issue Files

Subseries 6.1: Alaskan Natives

Subseries 6.2: Policy Conference

Subseries 6.3: Religious Freedom and Related Cultural Concerns

Subseries 6.4: Hunting and Fishing Rights

Subseries 6.5: Natural Resources and Indian Water Rights

Subseries 6.6: Nuclear Waste

Subseries 6.7: Solar Bank

Subseries 6.8: AIMS [American Indian Media Surveillance] Committee

Subseries 6.9: HCR 108 and Federal Termination Policies

Subseries 6.10: Emergency Conference of 1954

Subseries 6.11: Jurisdiction --NCAI Commission and Federal Legislation

Subseries 6.12: Law Enforcement

Subseries 6.13: Litigation Committee

Subseries 6.14: Annual Litigation Conference

Subseries 6.15: Trail of Broken Treaties Impact Survey Team

Subseries 6.16: Block Grants

Subseries 6.17: Health and Welfare

Subseries 6.18: Self-Determination and Education

Subseries 6.19: National Conference on Federal Recognition

Subseries 6.20: Economic and Reservation Development

Series -- 7: United Effort Trust (UET)

Subseries 7.1: NCAI and NTCA Joint Committee

Subseries 7.2: Issues

Subseries 7.3: Legislation

Subseries 7.4: News Releases

Subseries 7.5: Indian Organizations

Subseries 7.6: Inter-Tribal Organizations

Subseries 7.7: Non-Indian Organizations

Subseries 7.8: Tribes

Series 8 -- : Attorneys and Legal Interest Groups

Subseries 8.1: Attorneys

Subseries 8.2: Legal Interest Groups

Subseries 8.3: Legal Services

Series 9 -- : Federal Indian Policy and Legislation Files

Subseries 9.1: American Indian Policy Review Task Force

Series 10 -- : Bureau of Indian Affairs

Series 11 -- : State and Local Government Organizations

Series 12 -- : Census

Series 13 -- : General Alpha-Subject Files

Series 14 -- : Records of Charles E. "Chuck" Trimble

Series 15 -- : Records of Suzan S. Harjo

Subseries 15.1: Indian Claims: Eastern Land Claims

Subseries 15.2: Indian Claims: Statute of Limitations

Subseries 15.3: Conference on -- The Indian Reorganization Act - An Assessment and Prospectus Fifty Years Later

Subseries 15.4: Inter-American Indian Institute (IAII)

Subseries 15.5: Institute of American Indian Arts (IAIA)

Subseries 15.6: Institute of the American West (IAW)

Subseries 15.7: Common Cause

Subseries 15.8: Office Files

Series 16 -- : Fund Raising

Subseries 16.1: Gifts, Bequests, and Contributions

Subseries 16.2: Foundations

Subseries 16.3: General --Arrow and NCAI Fund

Series 17 -- : Business and Financial Records Files

Subseries 17.1: Personnel

Series 18 -- : "Give-Away" Files

Series 19 -- : Publications

Subseries 19.1: -- News/Sentinels -- and -- Sentinel Bulletin

Subseries 19.2: Other Publications

Series 20 -- : Photographs

Series 21 -- : Audio and Film Recordings
Biographical / Historical:
The National Congress of America Indians, which describes itself as the oldest and largest American Indian and Alaskan Native organization in the United States, was founded on November 16, 1944, in Denver, CO. NCAI was intended to serve as a link between individual tribal councils and the United States government, by defining and helping to crystallize Indian thought on the administration of Indian affairs. The Congress also aimed to educate the general public about Indians, preserve Indian cultural values, protect treaty rights with the United States, and promote Indian welfare.

At the first convention, delegates representing fifty tribes ratified the constitution and by-laws, drafted resolutions determining the direction of NCAI policy, and elected the organizations' first officers, with Oklahoma Supreme Court Justice Napoleon B. Johnson (Cherokee) as president. The officers, as well as eight elected council members, formed the Executive Council. The Council chose the Executive Director; Ruth Muskrat Bronson (Cherokee) was the organization's first director, from 1944-1948. "Persons of Indian blood" could join the organization either as individuals or as groups. In 1955, however, the constitution was revised to restrict group membership to recognized tribes, committees, or bands, and to make the Executive Council chosen by tribal representatives. These changes gave control of the organization to governing bodies of organized tribes, rather than individuals. A further amendment that year created a five-member Executive Committee, headed by the president, which had all the powers of the Executive Council between council meetings.

Conventions have been held annually in the fall since the formation of the NCAI in 1944. Since 1977, mid-year conferences have been held in May or June of each year, to allow more frequent and thorough discussion of issues. The resolutions passed at these conventions are the basis for all policy of the Executive Committee and Executive Director between meetings. The conventions are also used for informational sessions and meetings of standing and special committees of NCAI. One or two-day workshops may also be held on special topics or Congressional issues of particular concern.

NCAI created a tax-exempt arm in 1949 to accept charitable contributions and apply for grants, the NCAI Fund, which soon changed its name to ARROW, Inc. By 1957, however, ARROW had split off to become an independent organization, and NCAI started a new arm, again called the NCAI Fund. In the coming decades, the NCAI Fund would obtain grants from sources including the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of Veteran Affairs, Indian Health Service, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Ford Foundation, humanities councils and others, which they used for conferences, workshops, publications, and other projects.

In its early years, NCAI fought for the recognition of land claims of Alaska natives, the enfranchisement of Arizona and New Mexico Indians, the equitable settlement of tribal land claims, and the right of Indians to select their own attorneys. The NCAI lobbied vigorously for an Indian Claims Commission Bill, which became law in August 1946. NCAI's lobbying efforts on behalf of this act set the pattern for the organization's future role in legislative matters: keeping member tribes abreast of proposed legislation and ascertaining their views, and maintaining a presence in Congress through lobbying and testimony.

Beginning in 1954, the threat of termination pushed NCAI into a period of increased activity. Although some tribes were ready to terminate their relationship with the federal government, much of Indian Country felt threatened by the government's new stated policy. NCAI therefore organized an Emergency Conference of American Indians for February 1954 to protest this new termination policy. An agreement was forged at the conference between the NCAI and the Bureau of Indian Affairs to work together toward slowly liquidating the BIA. The termination period of the 1950s and 1960s, while challenging, saw NCAI increase in confidence and political acumen.

During the 1960s, a number of other activist Indian groups sprang up and began to dilute the singular influence which NCAI had commanded. Newer, more militant groups often considered themselves at odds with NCAI, which was increasingly perceived as conservative. As the number of Indian advocacy groups grew in the 1960s and 1970s, however, NCAI actively partnered with other organizations, particularly the National Tribal Chairmen's Association (NTCA) and Native American Rights Fund (NARF), on a variety of projects.

Charles E. "Chuck" Trimble (Oglala Dakota) served as Executive Director of NCAI in 1972 until 1977, when he resigned to lead the United Effort Trust, a project designed to fight white backlash to Indian rights. NCAI spent most of the next two years trying to find another permanent director. In 1979, Ronald P. Andrade (Luiseno-Diegueno) joined NCAI and unfortunately found a group that was demoralized and underfunded. He was able to return the organization to good health but left in 1982. Si Whitman (Nez Perce), his successor, remained at NCAI for less than a year.

Suzan Shown Harjo (Cheyenne-Creek) became director of NCAI on May 1, 1984. Prior to taking this postions, she had served as Congressional Liaison for Indian Affairs at the Department of the Interior during the Carter administration and as legislative liaison for the Native American Rights Fund, as well as working for NCAI during the mid-1970s. Harjo was also an active and published poet, as well as a frequent speaker at events around the country. The National Congress of American Indians was particularly active on Capitol Hill while Harjo was director, advocating for government-to-government status, the Tribal Government Tax Status Act of 1983, repatriation legislation, and economic development programs, among other issues. Harjo was herself very involved in the establishment of the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, DC.

The NCAI Fund was very successful in receiving grants during this period, although they were chronically short of operating funds. Some of their most active projects during this period were the Indian and Native Veterans Outreach Program (INVOP), Inter-generational Health Promotion and Education Program (IHPEP), Environmental Handbook and related educational seminars, Solar Bank, nuclear waste disposal and transportation information sessions, and voter registration.

For years, NCAI's operating expenses had been funded by the Ford Foundation and the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). In 1985, the director of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, opposing the use of Federal monies to support outside organizations, began to block the payment for services due to the NCAI. This created a financial crisis from which the NCAI did not recover during Harjo's tenure, and it became the major issue for which she was not rehired in October 1989.

Following the 1989 Annual Convention, Wayne Ducheneaux (Cheyenne River Sioux) became President of NCAI and A. Gay Kingman (Cheyenne River Sioux) was appointed Executive Director. Their first efforts were focused on recovering the financial well-being of the organization, which meant that less attention was devoted to issues in Congress. One of the successful projects NCAI pursued during the next two years was organization and presentation of the Indian pre-conference of the White House Conference on Library and Information Science, which was held in early 1991.

The National Congress of American Indians is still active today, continuing its work of lobbying, support for tribal governments, and advocacy for American Indian issues.
Related Materials:
Other collections at the NMAI Archives Center that include information on the National Congress of American Indians include:

Arrow, Inc., and the American Indian Tribal Court Judges records, 1949-1999 (NMAI.MS.013) James E. Curry papers, 1935-1955 (NMAI.MS.015) National Tribal Chairmen's Association records, 1971-1978 (NMAI.MS.014) Helen L. Peterson papers, 1944-1992 (NMAI.MS.016) Reuben Snake papers, 1971-1996 (NMAI.MS.012)
Provenance:
The National Congress of American Indians designated the National Anthropological Archives (NAA) as its official repository in 1976. This collection was received by NAA in four accessions between 1976 and 1991. It was transferred from NAA to the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center in 2006.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Government relations -- 1934-  Search this
Indians of North America -- Politics and government  Search this
Indians of North America -- Social conditions -- 20th century  Search this
Indians of North America -- Legal status, laws, etc.  Search this
Indian termination policy  Search this
Alaska Natives -- Land tenure  Search this
Indians of North America -- Civil rights  Search this
Indians of North America -- Economic conditions -- 20th century  Search this
Radioactive wastes -- United States -- Management  Search this
Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Videotapes
Correspondence
Administrative records
Financial records
Audiotapes
Clippings
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection Title, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.010
See more items in:
National Congress of American Indians records
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-010
Online Media:

Wilcomb E. Washburn Papers

Creator::
Washburn, Wilcomb E.  Search this
Extent:
3 cu. ft. (3 record storage boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Place:
United States -- History
United States -- Politics and government
Date:
1946-1989
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of materials documenting aspects of the career of Wilcomb E. Washburn, historian and teacher of American political and cultural history. He held positions at the National Museum of American History, Division of Political History and later at the Smithsonian Institution, Office of American Studies. Much of the material deals with research on the Indians of North America. A small quantity of material deals with his service in the United States Marine Corps (USMC) and the United States Marine Corps Reserve. Materials include correspondence, papers, course administrative materials, notes, and conference materials.
Topic:
Historians  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 06-258, Wilcomb E. Washburn Papers
Identifier:
Accession 06-258
See more items in:
Wilcomb E. Washburn Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa06-258

Publications

Topic:
American Indians/American Presidents: A History (Monograph : 2009)
Creator::
National Museum of the American Indian. Office of Education and Museum Programs. Publications Office  Search this
Extent:
0.25 cu. ft. (1 half document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Books
Date:
2009
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) publication, American Indians/American Presidents: A History. The book, co-published with HarperCollins, was edited by Clifford E. Trafzer and includes essays by five scholars of Native American history, including Robert W. Venables, Donna Akers, Matthew Sakiestewa Gilbert, Duane Champagne, and Troy R. Johnson. American Indians/American Presidents: A History explores the relationship of tribal leaders and American presidents; covering what they said and felt about one another, and how their words and actions framed relations between Native nations and the United States. The book also shows how Native people advanced their own agenda for tribal sovereignty, from the 18th century to the present.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Government relations  Search this
Indian leadership  Search this
Indians of North America -- Politics and government  Search this
Self-determination, National  Search this
Presidents -- United States -- History  Search this
Presidents -- United States -- Racial attitudes  Search this
Museum publications  Search this
Genre/Form:
Books
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 10-009, National Museum of the American Indian. Office of Education and Museum Programs. Publications Office, Publications
Identifier:
Accession 10-009
See more items in:
Publications
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa10-009

Benjamin O'Fallon

Artist:
Astley David Montague Cooper, 1856 - 1924  Search this
Probably after:
Chester Harding, 1 Sep 1792 - 10 Apr 1866  Search this
Sitter:
Benjamin O'Fallon, 20 Sep 1793 - 17 Dec 1842  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Painting
Date:
1877
Topic:
Benjamin O'Fallon: Male  Search this
Benjamin O'Fallon: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant\Trader  Search this
Benjamin O'Fallon: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Nancy Gesuele Peterson
Object number:
CA990310
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm43361b10b-84e4-49c0-a1d3-4917247f0159
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_CA990310

Ha-Tchoo-Tuc-Knee

Alternate Title:
"The Snapping Turtle"
Artist:
George Catlin, 26 Jul 1796 - 23 Dec 1872  Search this
Sitter:
Peter Perkins Pitchlynn, 30 Jan 1806 - 17 Jan 1881  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor on paper
Dimensions:
15.6 × 14.9cm (6 1/8 × 5 7/8")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1834
Topic:
Exterior  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Feather  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Sash  Search this
Human Figures\American Indian  Search this
Peter Perkins Pitchlynn: Male  Search this
Peter Perkins Pitchlynn: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
Peter Perkins Pitchlynn: Politics and Government\Diplomat  Search this
Peter Perkins Pitchlynn: Native American\Orator  Search this
Peter Perkins Pitchlynn: Native American\Leader\Chief  Search this
Peter Perkins Pitchlynn: Native American\Treaty negotiator  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Gilcrease Museum
Object number:
OK990009
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4293399d2-1050-43ac-81cc-c6bce4e5de56
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_OK990009

Albert Gallatin

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
Albert Gallatin, 29 Jan 1761 - 12 Aug 1849  Search this
Medium:
Daguerreotype
Dimensions:
Case (closed): 3 3/4 x 3 1/8 in. (9.5 x 7.9 cm)
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1849
Topic:
Albert Gallatin: Male  Search this
Albert Gallatin: Literature\Writer  Search this
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\Diplomat  Search this
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
Albert Gallatin: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Pennsylvania  Search this
Albert Gallatin: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Historical Society\President  Search this
Albert Gallatin: Native American\Treaty negotiator  Search this
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\US Senator\Pennsylvania  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: New-York Historical Society
Object number:
MSS.GallatinPapers.1 NYHS
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm42d72f574-397c-471f-b3c3-79ef89b40f25
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_MSS.GallatinPapers.1_NYHS

Blackfoot Council Group; 1855

Artist:
Gustavus Frederick Sohon, 1825 - 1903  Search this
Sitter:
Isaac Ingalls Stevens, 25 Mar 1818 - 1 Sep 1862  Search this
Alfred Cumming, 1802 - 1873  Search this
Nis-tas-na-kuim, ? - 1869  Search this
Apash-wa-hay-ikt  Search this
Ne-tannay  Search this
Unidentified Native American Group  Search this
Medium:
Watercolour painting on clay coated paper
Dimensions:
21.6 x 31.4cm (8 1/2 x 12 3/8")
Type:
Painting
Date:
October 1855
Topic:
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Male  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Politics and Government\Governor  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Washington  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
Unidentified Native American Group: Native American  Search this
Nis-tas-na-kuim: Male  Search this
Nis-tas-na-kuim: Native American\Leader\Chief  Search this
Ne-tannay: Male  Search this
Ne-tannay: Native American\Leader\Chief  Search this
Apash-wa-hay-ikt: Male  Search this
Apash-wa-hay-ikt: Native American\Leader\Chief  Search this
Alfred Cumming: Male  Search this
Alfred Cumming: Politics and Government\Governor  Search this
Alfred Cumming: Politics and Government\Government Official\Commissioner  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Washington State Historical Society
Object number:
1918.114.9.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm40410cf3a-9cca-4e65-b423-1ff7de1dc13d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1918.114.9.1

Council in Bitter Root Valley July 1855

Artist:
Gustavus Frederick Sohon, 1825 - 1903  Search this
Sitter:
Isaac Ingalls Stevens, 25 Mar 1818 - 1 Sep 1862  Search this
Or-tunta tle-a  Search this
Unidentified Native American Group  Search this
Medium:
Pencil sketch on paper
Dimensions:
20.6 x 30.8cm (8 1/8 x 12 1/8")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
July 1855
Topic:
Nature & Environment\Plant\Tree  Search this
Architecture\Building\Tent\Tepee  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Flag  Search this
Nature & Environment\Mountain  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Male  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Politics and Government\Governor  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Washington  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
Unidentified Native American Group: Native American  Search this
Or-tunta tle-a: Male  Search this
Or-tunta tle-a: Native American\Leader\Chief  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Washington State Historical Society
Object number:
1918.114.9.34
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4152b274d-5a93-47c0-9d30-8757ced331c5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1918.114.9.34

Arrival of the Nez Perce at Walla Walla Treaty May 1855

Artist:
Gustavus Frederick Sohon, 1825 - 1903  Search this
Sitter:
Hal-hal-tlostsot  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens, 25 Mar 1818 - 1 Sep 1862  Search this
Unidentified Native American Group  Search this
Medium:
Pencil and watercolor on paper
Dimensions:
20.3 x 30.8cm (8 x 12 1/8")
Type:
Painting
Date:
24 May 1855
Topic:
Nature & Environment\Plant\Tree  Search this
Nature & Environment\Animal\Horse  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Flag  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Grass  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Male  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Politics and Government\Governor  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Washington  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
Unidentified Native American Group: Native American  Search this
Hal-hal-tlostsot: Male  Search this
Hal-hal-tlostsot: Native American\Leader\Chief  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Washington State Historical Society
Object number:
1918.114.9.36
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4aa74055c-9d96-4ec7-bfcd-82b2b6c95e14
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1918.114.9.36

Chiefs at Dinner; Walla Walla Council 1855

Artist:
Gustavus Frederick Sohon, 1825 - 1903  Search this
Sitter:
Isaac Ingalls Stevens, 25 Mar 1818 - 1 Sep 1862  Search this
Palmer Joe  Search this
Unidentified Native American Group  Search this
Medium:
Pencil sketch on paper
Dimensions:
21.3 x 31.8cm (8 3/8 x 12 1/2")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1855
Topic:
Nature & Environment\Plant\Tree  Search this
Architecture\Building\Tent\Tepee  Search this
Food  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Grass  Search this
Home Furnishings\Blanket  Search this
Nature & Environment\Fire  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Male  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Politics and Government\Governor  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Washington  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
Unidentified Native American Group: Native American  Search this
Palmer Joe: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Washington State Historical Society
Object number:
1918.114.9.38
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4077e3f32-9f24-4f5e-a1fc-85ad2d83f595
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1918.114.9.38

May 1855; Walla Walla Council; Governor Stevens with Indians

Artist:
Gustavus Frederick Sohon, 1825 - 1903  Search this
Sitter:
Isaac Ingalls Stevens, 25 Mar 1818 - 1 Sep 1862  Search this
Unidentified Native American Group  Search this
Medium:
Pencil sketch on paper
Dimensions:
21 x 31.1cm (8 1/4 x 12 1/4")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
May 1855
Topic:
Nature & Environment\Plant\Tree  Search this
Architecture\Building\Tent  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Male  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Politics and Government\Governor  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Military\Army\Officer\Civil War  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Washington  Search this
Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Military\Army\Officer\Major General  Search this
Unidentified Native American Group: Native American  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Washington State Historical Society
Object number:
1918.114.9.39
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm44abd0bf2-9c6a-4c29-aeaa-9aafd7c6b77b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1918.114.9.39

Mr. Colberson

Artist:
Gustavus Frederick Sohon, 1825 - 1903  Search this
Sitter:
Alexander Cuthbertson, 1809 - 1879  Search this
Medium:
Pencil sketch on paper
Dimensions:
26 x 17.8cm (10 1/4 x 7")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
October 1855
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Muttonchops  Search this
Alexander Cuthbertson: Male  Search this
Alexander Cuthbertson: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant\Trader\Fur trader  Search this
Alexander Cuthbertson: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Washington State Historical Society
Object number:
1918.114.9.5
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm49894bd16-4949-4fbe-9e20-84a3ee828315
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1918.114.9.5

Portrait of Major Benjamin O'Fallon

Artist:
Chester Harding, 1 Sep 1792 - 10 Apr 1866  Search this
Sitter:
Benjamin O'Fallon, 20 Sep 1793 - 17 Dec 1842  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
66 x 55.9cm (26 x 22")
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1821
Topic:
Benjamin O'Fallon: Male  Search this
Benjamin O'Fallon: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant\Trader  Search this
Benjamin O'Fallon: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: William Reese Company
Object number:
DLR01201
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4c07634f3-2409-47ac-9328-fdd07ae8a853
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_DLR01201

Richard Mentor Johnson and Tecumseh

Alternate Title:
View of Col. Johnson's Engagement with the Savages
Artist:
Abel Bowen, 23 Dec 1790 - 11 Mar 1850  Search this
Sitter:
Richard Mentor Johnson, 17 Oct 1781 - 18 Nov 1850  Search this
Tecumseh, c. 1768 - 1813  Search this
Medium:
Hand-colored wood engraving on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 21.5 × 37.5 cm (8 7/16 × 14 3/4")
Type:
Print
Date:
c. 1812
Topic:
Weapon  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Tree  Search this
Weapon\Sword  Search this
Exterior\Landscape\Battleground  Search this
Nature & Environment\Animal\Horse  Search this
Tool\Axe  Search this
Human Figures\Soldier  Search this
Human Figures  Search this
Tecumseh: Male  Search this
Tecumseh: Native American\Leader\Chief  Search this
Richard Mentor Johnson: Male  Search this
Richard Mentor Johnson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Richard Mentor Johnson: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Richard Mentor Johnson: Military\Army\Officer\War of 1812  Search this
Richard Mentor Johnson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Kentucky  Search this
Richard Mentor Johnson: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Kentucky  Search this
Richard Mentor Johnson: Politics and Government\US Senator\Kentucky  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2012.92
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4d2cee9e6-e296-4e77-b1b2-4d47611cb794
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2012.92

Rutherford B. Hayes: A Powwow at the White House [4454]

Artist:
Thure Thulstrup, 1848 - 1930  Search this
Copy after:
W. M. Rouzee  Search this
Publisher:
Harper's Weekly, active 1857 - 1916  Search this
Sitter:
Rutherford Birchard Hayes, 4 Oct 1822 - 17 Jan 1893  Search this
Medium:
Engraving on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 35.6 × 23.3 cm (14 × 9 3/16")
Sheet: 40 × 28 cm (15 3/4 × 11")
Type:
Print
Date:
January 22, 1881
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Home Furnishings\Drape  Search this
Home Furnishings\Lighting Devices\Chandelier  Search this
Architecture\Column  Search this
Interior\Ballroom  Search this
Human Figures\American Indian  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Male  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Military\Army\Officer\Brigadier General  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio  Search this
Rutherford Birchard Hayes: Politics and Government\Governor\Ohio  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Kiplinger Family
Object number:
NPG.2018.146
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm437740fd0-1cb0-4941-b431-f8ae27db3077
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2018.146

Colonel Guy Johnson and Karonghyontye (Captain David Hill)

Artist:
Benjamin West, 10 Oct 1738 - 11 Mar 1820  Search this
Sitter:
Guy Johnson, 1740 - 1788  Search this
Karonghyontye, ? - 1790  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Painting
Date:
1776
Topic:
Exterior  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Sash  Search this
Guy Johnson: Male  Search this
Guy Johnson: Military\Army\Officer\British  Search this
Guy Johnson: Politics and Government\Government Official\British  Search this
Guy Johnson: Politics and Government\Loyalist  Search this
Karonghyontye: Male  Search this
Karonghyontye: Native American\Leader\Chief  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: National Gallery of Art
Object number:
1940.1.10 NGA
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm441fba9ad-0e84-4b6f-b14b-d6b29cce3491
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1940.1.10_NGA

Albert Gallatin

Artist:
Joseph Wright, 16 Jul 1756 - c. 11 Oct 1793  Search this
Identified as:
Albert Gallatin, 29 Jan 1761 - 12 Aug 1849  Search this
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1790
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Albert Gallatin: Male  Search this
Albert Gallatin: Literature\Writer  Search this
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\Diplomat  Search this
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
Albert Gallatin: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Banker  Search this
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Pennsylvania  Search this
Albert Gallatin: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Historical Society\President  Search this
Albert Gallatin: Native American\Treaty negotiator  Search this
Albert Gallatin: Politics and Government\US Senator\Pennsylvania  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Private Collection
Object number:
MO990013
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4825d6ba1-67bb-4003-86bd-92e6982b09eb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_MO990013

Chief John Grass

Artist:
E. M. Bishop  Search this
Sitter:
John Grass, c. 1837 - 10 May 1918  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Sight: 51 x 40.7cm (20 1/16 x 16")
Type:
Painting
Date:
n.d.a.
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Headdress  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace\Bead  Search this
Indeterminable  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Handkerchief  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Feather  Search this
John Grass: Male  Search this
John Grass: Politics and Government\Diplomat  Search this
John Grass: Native American\Leader  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: State Historical Society of North Dakota
Object number:
13284
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm42a0d8842-9cb8-4dc6-b599-ffe0ed290213
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_13284

Kit Carson

Alternate Title:
Trailblazers of Wyoming
Artist:
Ruth Joy Hopkins, 1891 - 1973  Search this
Sitter:
Christopher Houston Carson, 24 Dec 1809 - 23 May 1868  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Sight: 59.5 x 44.1cm (23 7/16 x 17 3/8")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1935
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Male  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Military\Soldier  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant\Trader\Fur trader  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Scout  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Guide  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Hunter  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Trapper  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Wyoming State Museum
Object number:
A75-2.6
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4dfb37740-82be-45ca-bb3f-b96ff23041e1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_A75-2.6

Thomas Fitzpatrick

Artist:
Charles Waldo Love, 1881 - 1967  Search this
Sitter:
Thomas Fitzpatrick, c. 1799 - 1854  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Unrecorded
Type:
Painting
Date:
1935
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Bowtie  Search this
Thomas Fitzpatrick: Male  Search this
Thomas Fitzpatrick: Natural Resources\Guide  Search this
Thomas Fitzpatrick: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent  Search this
Thomas Fitzpatrick: Natural Resources\Trapper  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Colorado History Museum
Object number:
CO030011
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4e11f00cc-d736-4127-8579-f673cfaae917
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_CO030011

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