Indians of North America -- Southern States Search this
Scope and Contents:
This subseries of the Northeast/Southeast series contains Harrington's Cherokee research. The material on hand is principally ethnographic and historical and, except for Bachrach's trip into Mexico, is based on numerous secondary sources, most of which were only briefly consulted. Generally, these sources are clearly identified in the notes. Information from the 1945 interview with Gritts is scattered throughout the material. The minimal linguistic content has as its main source James Mooney's Myths of the Cherokee (1900). Etymologies of several persons' names and placenames were initiated but not seriously developed. There is a photostat of Sequoyah's syllabary obtained from a manuscript in the National Archives.
The vocabulary is arranged one term to a page and probably extracted from Mooney (1900), absolute identification being in doubt due to the fact that he did not include Mooney's orthographic symbols for pronunciation in Cherokee. The material was neither annotated nor reheard. A brief, numbered vocabulary from either Ben or Long contains some equivalences from Mooney (1900).
A partial preliminary draft with notes for "Sequoyah's Cherokee Alphabet" may represent an initial collaboration with Morrison in 1938 and 1939. Small amounts of data on Cherokee phonetics and a limited linguistic treatment of the names of Sequoyah's family are included. The little information he was able to acquire from Edna Hogman was later interfiled. Background information is provided on other Indian and non-Indian syllabaries.
Notes, correspondence, and newspaper clippings refer to the Harrington/Bachrach grave exploration in January 1939. Bachrach was accompanied by Baron Craeger who wrote the Tulsa World articles; E. V. Schrimscher (Shimsa), a part-Cherokee who claimed to be a cousin of Will Rogers; and George McCoy, a Cherokee fluent in the language. A digest of their trip into Mexico is in Harrington's handwriting. There are general notes on the life of Sequoyah. Information taken from Gritts was later inserted. Included are a copy of a photograph of Narcissa Owen (1896) and of her painting of Sequoyah. A third section contains reading notes from such sources as old newspapers and periodicals, B.A.E. scrapbooks, and the manuscripts of John Alexander (1839 -1840) and John Howard Payne (1835) (photocopy and typescript are filed in the N.A.A.). A number of excerpts are from the Cherokee Advocate and Cherokee Phoenix. Extensive notes were made by Mrs. Evelyn Danner in the Library of Congress in April 1939. Brief data on tobacco among the Cherokee and its Carib origins and usage stress Carib rather than Cherokee information.
There are scattered and unrelated linguistic, nonlinguistic, and ethnographic notes and correspondence for 1938 and 1939.A photocopy of a 1936 newspaper clipping concerns Houston B. Teehee (Di-hi-hi or "Killer"), a Cherokee who was Register of the Treasury in Wilson's administration. Another group is labeled "Cherokee Plcns. Della Brunstetter house interview" and contains North Carolina Cherokee terms.
Biographical / Historical:
John P. Harrington's interest in Cherokee centers mainly around the life of Sequoyah, a search for his grave and his Cherokee syllabary. The earliest dated references stem from a brief collaboration with Gouverneur Morrison, author and reporter, who apparently worked as Harrington's research assistant in May and June of 1938, and with whom he maintained contact at least into early 1939. In January 1939, Harrington began funding a search for Sequoyah's grave in Mexico, possibly with his own money. Harrington researched the project in Washington and his collaborator, Harry Bachrach, worked in the field. The two men had a contract with The Tulsa Daily World for exclusive rights to the story. The grave was never discovered but the Tulsa World found enough copy for a four-installment article printed between January 27 and 30, 1939.
Levi B. Gritts was interviewed in 1945. Gritts was a Cherokee school teacher and fluent speaker of his native language. He provided both linguistic and nonlinguistic information.
Other informants briefly mentioned are Edna Hogman (or Hogner, spelling uncertain), a Cherokee employee of the Office of Indian Affairs, and "Ben" and his friend Allen W. Long. It is unclear which of the latter two men was actually the informant. A Norman Adams of Washington, D.C., may have been involved in the Sequoyah grave effort, but in what capacity is not documented.
John Peabody Harrington papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The preferred citation for the Harrington Papers will reference the actual location within the collection, i.e. Box 172, Alaska/Northwest Coast, Papers of John Peabody Harrington, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
However, as the NAA understands the need to cite phrases or vocabulary on specific pages, a citation referencing the microfilmed papers is acceptable. Please note that the page numbering of the PDF version of the Harrington microfilm does not directly correlate to the analog microfilm frame numbers. If it is necessary to cite the microfilmed papers, please refer to the specific page number of the PDF version, as in: Papers of John Peabody Harrington, Microfilm: MF 7, R34 page 42.
Indians of North America -- Southern States Search this
Scope and Contents:
Recorded in schedule of John Wesley Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages. Some Hitchiti or Mikasuki terms (in the Creek alphabet) have been added in another handwriting in the second column on page 77-80, and a Tuscarora word is added in an A. note by J. N. B. Hewitt on page 81.
NAA MS 3536
*Identified by M.R. Haas, 6/1971; she suspects that the Hitchiti or Mikasuki was written by an Indian. (Haas, note, 1 slip, filed with Manuscript)
Love is a song (Lonnie Johnson)--That's all right, baby (Mose "Clear Rock" Platt)--Two Menominee flute songs (John Okimase)--Little Sarah (James Rachel, John Estes)-Going to Richmond (Jimmie Strothers)--Come back to me in my dreams (Bill Monroe)--Marira, Marira (Lydia Mendoza y Cuarteto Mendoza)--If one won't, another one will (Carter Family)--Joe Bowers (J. C. White)--Renewed love blues (Little Buddy Doyle)--Your small and sweet (Segura and Herbert)--You are a little too small (Carolina Tar Heels)--Lily Monroe (Uncle Alex Dunford)--Midnight on the stormy deep (Blue Sky Boys)--The married man (Emry Arthur)--Emily (Sam Manning)--Three nights in a bar room (Wade Mainer)
103 Two Menominee Flute Songs / John Okimase. Flute.
102 That's All Right / Moses Platt. English language.
101 Love Is a Song / Lonnie Johnson. Guitar. English language.
208 Three Nights in a Bar Room / Mountaineers (Musical group), Lost John Ray, Wade Mainer. Guitar,Fiddle,Banjo. English language.
Library of Congress.LBC2
Publication, Distribution, Etc. (Imprint):
Washington, D.C. Library of Congress 1976
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Wilkesboro (N.C.), North Carolina, Grafton (Wis.), Champagne (Ill.), Galax (Va.), Atlanta (Ga.), Georgia, New Orleans (La.), Louisiana, Fayetteville (Ark.), Arkansas, Camden (N.J.), New Jersey, Chicago (Ill.), Illinois, State Farm (Va.), Virginia, Memphis (Tenn.), Tennessee, San Antonio (Tex.), New York (N.Y.), New York, Sugarland Prison (Tex.), Texas, Keshena (Wis.), United States, Wisconsin.
"A bicentennial project: Library of Congress, Archive of Folk Song"; includes recordings from field and commercial sources. Program notes, including words of the songs, and bibliographical and discographical references (10 p. ill.) inserted in container. Edited by Richard K. Spottswood.
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only.
Copyright restrictions apply. Contact archives staff for information.
Oh Mary don't you weep ; Never wed an old man (Pete Seeger) -- Corinna (Sleepy John Estes) -- Melora ; Cod'ine (Buffy Sainte-Marie) -- La bamba ; El pastor ; I'm satisfied with my babe (Joser Feliciano) -- Yo soy negro (Rodriguez Brothers) -- The power and the glory ; Draft dodger rag (Phil Ochs) -- Tom Dooley ; Moonshine still (Frank Proffitt) -- I'm a woman ; Sadie Green ; My gal (Jim Kweskin and the Jug Band).
101 Oh, Mary Don't You Weep / Pete Seeger. Banjo.
102 Maids When You're Young Never Wed an Old Man / Pete Seeger. Banjo.
Contains 18 photographic copies of Southern Algonquian Indians, 2 Eskimos, 4 Picts, 1 salt collection in Puerto Rico and 38 plants, fish, insects, birds, and reptiles. The original captions by White appear on the copies as on the originals. Captions by White or by the engraver, Theodor de Bry, which do not appear on the face of the drawings, are recorded on the backs of the mounts of the copies.
Biographical / Historical:
The salt collection on Puerto Rico (and presumably the drawing of it) can be dated to May 26, 1585. The drawings of Southern Algonquian Indians were done by White in 1585-1587. The Eskimo drawings were probably done in 1577 when White was with Martin Frobisher's expedition of that year, and they probably represent the Eskimos taken prisoner by the expedition at Frobisher Bay, Baffin Island. The drawings of "Pictes" were apparently done (from imagination) after White had been to North Carolina, because they reflect some Algonquian influences in White's depiction of the Pict's body paint. The natural history subjects were done in Puerto Rico, North Carolina, and Great Britain. (Information from Paul Hulton and David Beers Quinn, The American Drawings of John White 1577-1590, The Trustees of the British Museum, 1964, volume 1, pages 14-18, 37, 43-44, and the catalogue.)
Copies made by Charles Praetorius in 1889-1893 from the original watercolors in the British Museum. The original captions by White appear on the copies as on the originals. Captions by White or by the engraver, Theodor de Bry, which do not appear on the face of the paintings, are recorded on the backs of the mounts of the copies.