Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
2,444 documents - page 1 of 123

Portrait of Infant in Cradleboard

Creator:
Eaton's Gallery of Art  Search this
Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (002 in x 003 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 48
Culture:
Omaha  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1860
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01602313

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.55083
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
Nebraska -- Omaha
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 48
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw303122b64-c8e3-4958-986d-42f06bedb17c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref1012

Ceremony ?

Creator:
Jackson, William Henry  Search this
Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 007 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 25
Culture:
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1868
Scope and Contents:
Group in Native Dress on Ground and Atop Earth Lodges Watching Ceremony ? in Center of Circle of Earth Lodges
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01601202

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.1245B
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
Nebraska -- Loup Fork
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 25
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e18e73a5-02be-4df6-905b-94980851a7df
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref831

Gray Wolf or Gray Eagle, Shaman ?, Wearing Roach, Bear Claw Necklace and Bracelet and Leggings, Flag Outside and Reed Lodge

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (002 in x 002 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 25
Culture:
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01601205

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.56518
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
Nebraska ?
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 25
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31c91d6b8-2e12-42e5-bc2a-019de440f8c3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref834

Group, Including Infant in Cradleboard, in Partial Native Dress and with Three Non-Native Men and Non-Native Woman, Around Table Holding Council; Tipi in Back Ground

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (003 in x 003 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 25
Culture:
Omaha  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01601206

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.56520
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
Nebraska ?
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 25
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c9493dca-58c0-433a-88b4-e6459c9ee54c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref835

Chief E-Ba-Hom-Ba Reclining and Smoking Pipe, Outside Tipi, Man with Rifle and Man on Horseback Nearby, All in Native Dress; Buffalo Skins on Tipi and Hanging Up; Tomahawk Nearby

Creator:
Hamilton and Kodylek  Search this
Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (002 in x 003 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 25
Culture:
Omaha  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01601207

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.77-13303

OPPS NEG.56059
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
Nebraska ?
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 25
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3f69ae2ba-874a-44c8-bde1-aea8bf260c9c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref836

Portrait of Man Wearing Horned Headdress

Creator:
Eaton's Gallery of Art  Search this
Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (002 in x 003 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 33
Culture:
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Fox  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01601602

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.55082

OPPS NEG.7713304
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
Nebraska ? -- Omaha ?
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Meskwaki; Sauk & Fox  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 33
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw324529002-feda-46e7-a326-ba9e10913401
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref885

Portrait of Paiute Jim and his Wife in Partial Native Dress

Creator:
Eaton, E. L. (Edric L.), b. ca. 1836  Search this
Savage, Charles Roscoe, of Salt Lake City, Utah  Search this
Carter's View Emporium  Search this
Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (002 in x 003 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 37
Culture:
Paiute  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1867
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01601811

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.56538
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
Utah ?/Nebraska ? -- Salt Lake City ?/Omaha ?
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 37
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw366b79d65-6331-41a8-828d-2dfc3cb83874
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref929

Man, Wearing US Military Jacket, with Group of Children In Native Dress, Two Wearing Peace Medals, Outside Earth Lodge

Creator:
Jackson, William Henry  Search this
Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (003 in x 004 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 40
Culture:
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1871
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01601915

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.1240
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
Nebraska -- Loup Fork
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 40
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3907dc326-01db-4632-8e30-bec59e4b0ca1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref958

Group of Boys in Native Dress, Two Wearing Peace Medals, One with Bow and Arrows, Outside Earth Lodge

Creator:
Jackson, William Henry  Search this
Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (003 in x 004 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 40
Culture:
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1871
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01601922

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.1239
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
Nebraska -- Pawnee Reservation
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 40
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw386d31cae-59de-4c56-b5d9-d67ca52b5e9d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref965

Two Non-Native Government Agents Seated Around Table And Paying Gray Wolf ? or Gray Eagle ? and Group of Men in Partial Native Dress for Ceded Land; Group in Partial Native Dress Watching

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (003 in x 003 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 17
Culture:
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01600803

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.56519
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
Iowa ?/Nebraska ?
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 17
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw368bd0822-ec0d-4298-87af-c955c1936f72
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref760

Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection

Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
United States. Department of the Interior  Search this
Extent:
3,710 Photographic prints (29 photograph albums)
3 Linear feet
1430 Negatives (photographic) (acetate)
325 Lantern slides (colored)
Culture:
Oklahoma Cherokee  Search this
Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Osage  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oklahoma Seminole  Search this
Quapaw  Search this
Miami [Oklahoma]  Search this
Wyandotte [Oklahoma]  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma]  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Chemehuevi  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Payómkawichum (Luiseño)  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Puye Pueblo  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa  Search this
Lake Superior Chippewa  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Pechanga Band Luiseño  Search this
Rincon Band Luiseño  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Pala Band Luiseño (Agua Caliente)  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Bering Strait Inupiaq  Search this
Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Lantern slides
Photographs
Photograph albums
Place:
Utah
Alaska
Oklahoma
Washington
Florida
Montana
Arizona
Arkansas
Missouri
North Carolina
Minnesota
New Mexico
California
Date:
1880-1928
bulk 1899-1909
Summary:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes photographic negatives, photo albums, lantern slides, journals, scrapbooks and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909. Initially assigned as a revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation and later as an Indian Inspector reviewing boarding schools, Frank's assignments took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities shooting photographs and taking notes.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes 1430 photographic negatives, 29 photo albums containing 3710 photographic prints, 325 lantern slides, and 3 linear feet of journals, scrapbooks, and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909.

Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903, includes 11 photo albums and 357 negatives from Frank Churchill's original assignment as revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation. Locations include Indian Territory (Oklahoma) [bulk], Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, South Dakota, Arkansas, and Missouri. The Native communities visited and photographed in this series include— Oklahoma Cherokee, Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek), Quapaw, Osage, Miami, Wyandotte [Oklahoma], Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), Winnebago [Nebraska], Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma], Ponca, Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee), Oto, Sioux [Crow Creek], Kaw (Kansa), Chickasaw, Modoc, Kiowa, Choctaw.

Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1903-1907, includes 9 photo albums and 832 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment as an Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in this series, though there are two photo albums with Southwest photographs included in Series 4. Locations in this series includes Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin. The Native Communities visited and photographed in this series include—A:shiwi (Zuni), Diné (Navajo), Acoma Pueblo, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, Cochiti Pueblo, Hopi Pueblo, Isleta Pueblo, K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), Kumeyaay (Diegueño), Laguna Pueblo, Luiseño (Luiseno), Mescalero Apache, Mojave (Mohave), Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), Picuris Pueblo, Piipaash (Maricopa), Puye Pueblo, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), San Carlos Apache, Taos Pueblo, Tohono O'odham (Papago).

Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905), includes four photograph albums and 71 negatives from Frank Churchill's appointment as special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska in the summer and fall of 1905. Two of the albums were not made by the Churchills. The first of these (Box 20) includes photographs by William Hamilton and the second (Box 21) includes photographs by W. T. Lopp. Locations in Alaska include St. Lawrence Island, Nuwukmiut/Point Barrow, Teller, Diomedes Islands, Nome, Kotzebue, Wrangell, Port Clarence Bay, Unalaska Island and Baranof Island. There are a number of photographs aboard the U.S. Cutter "Bear" and aboard the mailboat "Georgia." Native communities photographed include—Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik), Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo), Bering Strait Inupiaq [Diomedes], Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo), Tlingit.

Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909, includes five photograph albums and 163 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment at Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations in the Southwest (Arizona and Utah) on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in Series 3. Locations include Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota and Florida. Native communities visited and photographed include-Diné (Navajo), Hopi Pueblo, Kaibab Paiute, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Eastern Band of Cherokee, Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan), Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe], Turtle Mountain Chippewa, Seminole. There is restricted material in Box 23 (Album P23380).

Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vacation, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials, 1898-1913, includes four photograph albums from vacations and other visits made by the Churchills unrelated to Frank's activities as Indian Inspector.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928 (bulk 1899-1909), includes three linear feet of materials arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1, Clara Churchill, includes 16 journals, 12 scrapbooks and various other manuscript materials written and accumulated by Clara Churchill during their travels. Many of the journals include personal writings as well as several photographs that are duplicated in the photograph albums. The journals and scrapbooks encompass the full range of the Churchills' travels and include notes from Indian Territory, Southwest, Midwest, Southeast, Plains and Alaska. Subseries 6.2, Colonel Frank C. Churchill, includes official documents around Churchill's assignments as well as the reports Frank submitted back to the Secretary of the Interior (Box 41 and 42). Subseries 6.3, Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous, includes catalogs and other notes related to the large collection of Native American objects amassed by Frank and Clara. Clara also collected other items such as shells, minerals, and sand.

Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, includes 325 hand colored glass lantern slides. These were made by the Churchills from existing negatives and used for lectures. Lantern slides #1-#121 include views photographed in Alaska in 1905. Sldes #122-#325 include an assortment of views from Oklahoma (Indian Territory), Nebraska, Montana, Minnesota, California, Arizona and New Mexico photographed between 1900 and 1909.
Arrangement:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection has been arranged in seven series by material type and then chronologically. The first five series are then divided into subseries by "Photo Albums" and "Negatives." These include--Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903; Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1907-1907; Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905-1905); Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909; Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vaction, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928, is arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1: Clara G. Churchill, Subseries 6.2: Frank C. Churchill, and Subseries 6.3: Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous. Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, is arranged in orginal number order from the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Carroll Churchill was born August 2, 1850 to Benjamin P. Churchill and Susanna Thompson in West Fairlee, Vermont. Frank was educated at Thetford Academy in Thetford, VT and worked as a clerk for D.C. Churchill & Co. in Lyme, NH between 1869-1870. Between 1870 and 1877, Churchill was employed by H.W. Carter as a wholesale merchant in Lebanon, New Hampshire. During this time, Churchill met Clara Corser Turner and they were married on June 11, 1874.

Clara G. (Turner) Churchill was born December 16, 1851, to Colonel Francis H. Corser and Sarah Hook (Perkins) Corser. Colonel Corser and his wife died young, and Clara was adopted by George and Abby H. Turner of Concord, New Hampshire. In 1877, in association with William S. Carter, Frank Churchill opened the business "Carter & Churchill" which was in this business for 21 years. Churchill held various political offices from 1879-91. He served as chairman of the Republican town committee of Lebanon and of the Republican State committee in 1890 and 1891. He served on the staff of Governor Natt Head in 1879 and 1880, with the rank of Colonel. He was chairman of the New Hampshire delegation at the Republican National Convention which nominated President Harrison and represented the Fourth District in the Executive Council in 1889-1890 during the administration of Governor David. H. Goodell.

In 1899 Frank was appointed revenue inspector for the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory and was later appointed a special agent for the Interior Department to formulate a system of public schools in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and across the Southwest. In 1905, he was appointed special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska and was reappointed Indian Inspector between 1905-1909. In 1909, Churchill resigned due to failing health and died November 5, 1912. Clara accompanied Frank on all his travels between 1899 and 1909 (see below chronology for full details) maintaining journals and writing articles for publication in "WHAT." Clara was also a painter, producing watercolors and hand-painting many of the photographs she and Frank made on their travels. Following Frank's death, Clara maintained their collection of Native artifacts and photographs in their home in Lebanon, New Hampshire. Clara died April 16, 1945, bequeathing the full collection to Dartmouth College.
Frank Churchill's assignments as Special agent and Indian Inspector from 1899-1909 took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities. For more details, see the chronology below.

Travels in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and other assignments, 1899-1903

1899, June 29 -- Churchills arrive in Muskogee, Indian Territory (Oklahoma).

1899, July-October -- Visit to Fort Gibson, Tahlequah, Sallisaw, and Vinita (Indian Territory/Oklahoma). Visit to Noel and South west City, Missouri. Visit to Chelsea and Coffeyville, Kansas. Visit to Fort Smith, Arkansas.

1899, November -- Visit Tahlequah while the Cherokee Nation legislature was in session.

1899, December -- Travel in Colorado.

1900, March -- Return to Muskogee and Fort Gibson.

1900, Sept 17-Oct 5 -- Dawes Commission in Vinita.

1901, Mar-Apr 3 -- Visit to the Quapaw Agency, Wyandotte Reservation and school, Modoc reservation and the town of Miami.

1901, April -- Visit to Denison, Texas. Visit to Checotah, Eufaula, South McAlester (Choctaw nation).

1901, Summer -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1901, October -- Visit to Tishomingo, seat of government of the Chickasaws.

1902, January -- Trip to the Chickasaw Nation Visit to Anadarko, Indian Agency of the Kiowa, Comanche and Apache, Fort Sill, Wichita Mountains, and Lawton.

1902, May -- Frank is dispatched to Sioux City, Iowa.

1902, May-June -- Visit to Winnebago Agency, Omaha Agency, Santee Agency.

1902, July -- Visit to St. Paul, Minnesota and Eau Claire, Wisconsin, (Chippewa Falls). Frank is sent to Sulphur Springs, Texas, to author a report.

1902, August -- Churchills return to Muskogee, IT.

1902, September-October -- Trip to White Eagle, Ponca Agency for a month. Visit to Otoe school, Pawnee School, Shawnee, Sac and Fox reservations.

1902, November-December -- Visit to Crow Creek Agency.

1903, January -- Return to Sulpher Springs, Texas.

1903, March -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1903, April -- Visit to Colorado.

1903, May-October -- Visit to 23 towns in Oklahoma (IT) with the Secretary of the Interior.

Travels in New Mexico, Arizona and California, 1903-1905

1903, November -- Frank receives orders to proceed to Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico.

1903, December 9 -- Visit to Zuni, followed by Canyon de Chelly, Hubbell's Ranch, Keams Canyon.

1903, December 21 -- Visit to Hopi Pueblo. Walpi, Polacca Day School, Oraibi, Shumopavi (Shungopavi/Songoopavi), Shipaulovi (Supawlavi) and Mishongnovi (Musungnuvi).

1903, December 28 -- Visit to Fort Defiance.

1904, January -- Travel in New Mexico. Visit to Gallup, Laguna Pueblo, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Albuquerque, Isleta Pueblo, Santa Fe, Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo).

1904, February -- Visit to Sacaton, Akimel O'odham (Pima) Reservation and Casa Grande ruins in Arizona.

1904, March -- Visit to Lehi Day School, Salt River Day School, Phoenix Indian School, Gila River Crossing Day School and Maricopa Day School, Arizona.

1904, March 10-26 -- Visit to Fort Mojave and Chemehuevi.

1904, March 30-April -- Visit to Riverside, California, Sherman Institute and Perris School. Side trip to Yuma, Arizona.

1905, January-February -- Visit to Sulphur, IT.

1905, March -- Visit to Mescalero Apache Agency, San Carlos Apache Agency, Geronimo Settlement, Rice Station School at Talkalai.

1905, April 10-20 -- Return to Sherman Institute in Riverside, California. Visit to San Jacinto, Perris, Saboba, Cahuilla, San Manuella (Band of Mission Indians), Coachella, Torres Reservation, Martinez Reservation Day School, Cabazon Reservation, Protrero Reservation and Day School.

1905, April 22-May -- Visit to Temecula, Pechanga Day School, Pala Mission, Campo Reservation, Mission of San Luis Rey, Rincon Day School, Mesa Grande School, Santa Ysabel (Diegueno), Volcan Mountain Day School.

Travels in Alaska, 1905

1905, June -- Frank receives an assignment in Alaska.

1905, July -- Board the U.S. Revenue Cutter "Bear" in Nome. Visit to Reindeer Station in Teller, Cape Prince of Wales, Kotzebue Sound, Cape Thompson, Point Hope and Point Barrow.

1905, August -- Visit to Wainwright Inlet, return to Nome. Visit to Anvil Creek, Gologin (Golovin) Bay, St. Lawrence Island, Pribilof Islands (Seal Islands), St. George, Dutch Harbor and Unalaska.

1905, September -- Board the "Dora" anchored near Belkofski, Cold Bay, Karluk, Afgonak, and Kodiak. Stop in Homer, Seldovia and Seward. Visit to Sitka.

1905, September 28 -- Board the steamer "Georgia" to Juneau and Skagway via Hoonah.

1905, October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in Arizona, New Mexico, Minnesota, Wisconsin, California and Utah, 1906-1907

1906, March-April -- Re-assigned to Southwest and arrive in Tucson, Arizona. Visit to San Xavier Mission, Tohono O'odham (Papago) reservation, Casa Grande, Sacaton, Maricopa, Gila Crossing, Salt River and Phoenix schools.

1906, May -- Return to New Mexico to visit Gallup and Zuni Day School.

1906, June -- Visit to St, Paul, Minnesota and the White Earth (Ojibwe) reservation and Wild Rice River School in Boliere.

1906, July -- Visit to Ashland, Wisconsin, Lac Courte Oreilles, Hayward, and Lac de Flambeau (La Pointe Agency.

1906, July-September -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1906, September -- Visit to Fond du Lac (Winnebago Lake), Wabeno, and Carter, Wisconsin.

1906, October -- Visit to Phlox, Wausau, Minocqua, Star Lake, Bark River and Wausaukee, Wisconsin.

1906, November-December -- Visit to Keshena (Green Bay Indian School), Menominee Reservation and Ashland, Wisconsin.

1906, December-January -- Stay in Washington, DC.

1907, February -- Return to Albuquerque, New Mexico.

1907, March -- Visit to Santa Fe and various Pueblos (Cochiti, Tesuque, San Ildefonso, Ohkay Owingeh [San Juan], Toas and Picuris).

1907, April -- Return to Albuquerque, visit to Pueblos (Isleta, Laguna, Mesita, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Seama).

1907, April -- Visit to Phoenix, Arizona (Phoenix Indian School), Fort McDowell and Salt River Day School.

1907, May -- Visit to Sacaton, Maricopa, Casa Grande, and Yuma, Arizona.

1907, June -- Visit to Riverside (Sherman Institute), and Pomona, California.

1907, June-July -- Travel to Salt Lake City, Utah. Visit Panguitch, Orton, Kanab, Escalante and Marysvale, Utah.

1907, July-August -- Return to Arizona. Visit Flagstaff, Tuba Indian School, as well as Hopi Pueblo (Walpi, Moencopi, and Oraibi).

1907, September-October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in North Carolina, Montana and Florida, 1907-1909

1907, October 22 -- Assigned to Cherokee, North Carolina, to make a new roll of the Eastern Band of Cherokee.

1907, November -- Arrive in Cherokee, North Caolina.

1908, February -- Visit to Robbinsville and Big Cove

1908, April -- Cherokee council meeting regarding Churchill's new roll.

1908, May -- Completes assignment in North Carolina.

1908, June-September -- Return to Washington, DC and Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1908, September-October -- Trip to Montana. Visit to Browning, Blackfeet Reservation, Harlem, Fort Belknap and Fort Peck.

1908, November -- Visit to Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) and Wahpeton, and Fort Totten, North Dakota.

1908, December -- Visit to Morris, Minnesota.

1909, January -- Trip to Washington, DC for the inauguration of President Taft.

1909, February -- Visit to Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

1909, March-April -- Trip to Florida. Visit to Miami, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Tampa Bay, St. Petersburg, Gainesville, and St. Augustine.

1909, May -- Visit to Soco Creek and Cherokee, North Carolina.

1909, July -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1909, August -- Resignation as Indian Inspector.
Related Materials:
A large collection of Native American cultural objects and archaeology bequeathed by Clara Churchill can still be found at the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Provenance:
Frederick Dockstader, former director of the Museum of the American Indian (MAI), Heye Foundation, illegally removed the majority of the photographs (photo albums, negatives) and manuscript material (journals, reports) from the Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College in 1955, before depositing them at the MAI. Those materials were officially gifted to NMAI in 2018 by the Hood Museum. Additional materials from the Churchill collection that remained at the Hood Museum (lantern slides, photographs, scrapbooks, journals) were donated in 2020. These materials have been noted in the finding aid.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Boarding schools  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Photographic prints
Photograph albums
Negatives (photographic)
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45e31a2d8-afd7-4320-96c7-1f596f51c142
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-058
Online Media:

Logan Fontenelle

Artist:
George Simons, 1834 - 1917  Search this
Sitter:
Logan Fontenelle, 1825 - 1855  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
61.3 x 46.4cm (24 1/8 x 18 1/4")
Stretcher: 31.8 x 20.5cm (12 1/2 x 8 1/16")
Type:
Painting
Place:
United States\Nebraska
Date:
1853
Topic:
Costume\Outerwear\Coat  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie\Bowtie  Search this
Logan Fontenelle: Male  Search this
Logan Fontenelle: Native American\Native American leader\Chief  Search this
Logan Fontenelle: Native American\American Indian interpreter  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Joslyn Art Museum
Object number:
1959.428 JAM
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4b90ee28f-da88-4054-8adc-f8278ae07585
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1959.428_JAM

Photographs of Rosebud Sioux Indians

Photographer:
Dougherty Studio  Search this
Names:
Pretty Bird, Chief  Search this
Extent:
5 Items (post card prints )
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
ca. 1900-1919
Scope and Contents:
Includes Chief Pretty Bird, and young son of John Pretty Bird.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4820
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Nebraska -- Valentine ?  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4820, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4820
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39d27875f-8108-4bf8-8f24-ad0c0a1722ff
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4820

George E. Hyde photograph collection relating to Native American corn

Creator:
Hyde, George E., 1882-1968  Search this
Extent:
11 Prints (silver gelatin on postcard stock)
Culture:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Date:
circa 1915
Scope and Contents note:
Images of several varieties of corn, including types of Pawnee corn, Canadian Sioux corn, Navajo corn, Mandan red sweet-corn, and Red Lake Ojibwa "flint corn." The collection also includes one image of a hoe blade made from a buffalo scapula.
Biographical/Historical note:
George E. Hyde (1882-1968) was a well-known author of books on Native Americans, earning himself the moniker "dean of American Indian historians." A resident of Omaha, Nebraska, Hyde became fascinated by Native Americans after visiting an encampment at the Trans-Mississippi Exposition (1898). Despite having no formal education past the eighth grade, Hyde corresponded with George Bird Grinnell (for whom he was a salaried researcher) and George Bent and published several books, including Red Cloud's Folk (1937), A Sioux Chronicle (1956), and the Life of George Bent (1967).
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4457
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Correspondence from Hyde held in the National Anthropological Archives in the records of the Bureau of American Ethnology and in the River Basin Surveys Records.
Contained in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Agriculture  Search this
Corn  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 4457, George E. Hyde photograph collection relating to Native American corn, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4457
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31af25dd6-ea2f-4824-93b5-7174e9a331f0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4457

MS 7407 Resolutions Concerning the Book "Hanta Yo"

Donor:
Archambault, JoAllyn, 1942-  Search this
Names:
Hill, Ruth Beebe  Search this
Extent:
14 Pages
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Resolutions are by several midwestern Indian groups (Upper Sioux Community of Granite Falls, Minnesota; [Rosebud] Medicine Men and Associates, Incorporated; Prairie Island Tribal Council; Santee Sioux Tribe of Nebraska; Lower Sioux Indian Community, Morton, Minnesota; Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community; and Sinte Gleska College Faculty Senate) protesting the book Hanta Yo: An America Saga, by Ruth BeeBe Hill and plans by ABC television network and Warner Brothers to make a film of it.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7407
Local Note:
Xerox copies of typescripts
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7407, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7407
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37a41b9a0-8179-4ab7-b152-6ce4a7bb49a9
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7407

Copies of Stephen E. Feraca photographs of Siouan Indians and Sun Dance

Creator:
Feraca, Stephen E., 1934-  Search this
Extent:
85 Copy color slides
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy color slides
Photographs
Place:
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Rosebud Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
circa 1954-1961
Scope and Contents note:
Copies of photographs mostly depicting Sun Dances on the Pine Ridge and Rosebud Indian Reservations. They depict Oglala, Dakota, and other Siouan Indians, encampments, wagons, tipis, and a powwow.
Biographical/Historical note:
Stephen E. Feraca was an employee of the Department of the Interior, based at the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota. He earned a masters degree from Columbia University (ca. 1957); his thesis was titled "The contemporary Teton Sioux Sun Dance." He also authored the book Wakinyan: Lakota Religion in the Twentieth Century, University of Nebraska Press, 1998. Feraca retired from the Department of the Interior in 1985.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R92-49
Reproduction Note:
Copy slides made by Smithsonian Institution, 1989.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Correspondence from Feraca held in the National Anthropological Archives in the James Henri Howard Papers.
Provenance:
Originals loaned for copying by Stephen Feraca through Joallyn Archambault, 1989.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes only. Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Topic:
Tipis  Search this
Wagons  Search this
Sun Dance  Search this
Camps  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot R92-49, Copies of Stephen E. Feraca photographs of Siouan Indians and Sun Dance, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R92-49
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d94caf27-26d8-4854-b0e8-e95dc6823374
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r92-49

William Henry Jackson photograph albums based on his Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians

Creator:
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Photographer:
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
J. Gurney & Son  Search this
Savage & Ottinger  Search this
Bell, C. M. (Charles Milton), approximately 1849-1893  Search this
Carter, C. W., 1832-1918  Search this
Chamberlain, W. G. (William Gunnison)  Search this
Easterly, Thomas M. (Thomas Martin), 1809-1882  Search this
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
M'Clees, Jas. E. (James E.)  Search this
Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno), 1823-1899  Search this
Ulke, Henry, 1821-1910  Search this
Vannerson, Julian, 1827-  Search this
Westmann, Orloff R.  Search this
Whitney, Joel E. (Joel Emmons), 1822-1886  Search this
Names:
Geological Survey of the Territories (U.S.) (1862-1872) (Hayden Survey)  Search this
Powell-Thompson Survey  Search this
Extent:
9 Albums (circa 4000 prints, albumen (some copies))
Culture:
White Mountain Apache  Search this
Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache (New Mexico)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Waco Indians  Search this
White River Ute (Yampa)  Search this
Wyandot  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Stockbridge Indians  Search this
Sisitonwan Dakota (Sisseton Sioux)  Search this
Ute  Search this
Uintah Ute  Search this
Tonkawa  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Yanktonnai Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Montauk  Search this
Bannock  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Brotherton Indians  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Minneconjou Lakota (Minniconjou Sioux)  Search this
Missouria (Missouri)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Miami  Search this
Oto  Search this
Kitchai Wichita  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Osage  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Odawa (Ottawa)  Search this
Jicarilla Apache  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Iowa  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Fox  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albums
Photographs
Date:
circa 1877
Scope and Contents note:
Albums probably assembled by William Henry Jackson, mostly containing portraits of Native American delegates in Washington, D.C. and photographs made on US Geological Surveys (including the Hayden and Powell surveys). Photographs from the field include John K. Hillers' photographs of the Southwest, photographs of Fort Laramie (possibly by Alexander Gardner), Orloff R. Westmann's photographs of Taos Pueblo, and Jackson's photographs of Crow, Shoshoni, Pawnee, and Nez Perce Tribes and related sites. Most of the photographs were made circa 1860s-1870s.

The albums were probably by Jackson while working under Ferdinand V. Hayden for the United States Geological Survey of the Territories. The reason for their creation is uncertain, though it may have been a project set up by Hayden or a continuation of William Henry Blackmore's tradition of publishing albums. Some of the albums include captions pasted from Jackson's Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians (1877) while others have handwritten captions.
Biographical/Historical note:
William Henry Jackson (1843-1942) was an American painter, photographer and explorer. Born in New York, he sold drawings and retouched photographs from an early age. After serving in the Civil War, he opened a photography studio in Omaha, Nebraska, with his brother Edward. As photographer for the US Geological and Geographical Surveys (1870-1878), he documented the American west and published the first photographs of Yellowstone. When the surveys lost funding in 1879, Jackson opened a studio in Denver, Colorado, and also worked for various railroad companies. Many of Jackson's photographs were displayed at the World's Columbian Exhibition in Chicago (1893), for which he was the official photographer.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4420
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Original negatives for many of the photographs in this collection can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives.
The National Museum of the American Indian Archives holds William Henry Jackson photographs and negatives.
Additional Jackson photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4605, MS 4801, Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 29, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 40, Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 93, Photo lot 143, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 87-20, and Photo Lot 90-1.
Correspondence from Jackson held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4517, MS 4881, MS 4821, and collections of personal papers.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pueblos  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 4420, William Henry Jackson photograph albums based on his Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4420
See more items in:
William Henry Jackson photograph albums based on his Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3579a455e-5931-4e6e-9659-42bb7718b6fd
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4420
Online Media:

Festival Recordings: Iowa Community Hall: Psalms; Everett Kapayou, Meskwaki Singers; Matney Sisters, Deer Creek, Harmony

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Iowa Program 1996 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Miller, Mark K., 1953- (recorder)  Search this
Koppenhoefer, Christa (recorder)  Search this
Performer:
Teague, Ronald  Search this
Bell, Sharilyn, 1951-  Search this
Keahna, Dennis, Jr.  Search this
Kapayou, Everett  Search this
Psalms (Musical group)  Search this
Meskwaki Singers  Search this
Deer Creek Quartet  Search this
Harmony Workshop  Search this
Matney Sisters  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
compact audio cassette
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Fox  Search this
Anglo-American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Iowa
Coralville (Iowa)
Nebraska
Wellman (Iowa)
Sioux City (Iowa)
Dakota City (Neb.)
Date:
1996 June 30
Track Information:
101 African-American Gospel / Psalms (Musical group), Ronald Teague, Sharilyn Bell. Keyboards (Music).

102 Native American-Meskwaki / Meskwaki Singers, Dennis, Jr. Keahna, Everett Kapayou. Tama (Drum).

103 Harmony Workshop / Deer Creek Quartet, Harmony Workshop, Matney Sisters. Banjo,Autoharp,Guitar.
Local Numbers:
FP-1996-CT-0143
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, June 30, 1996.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections. Please visit our website to learn more about submitting a request. The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections make no guarantees concerning copyright or other intellectual property restrictions. Other usage conditions may apply; please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for more information.
Topic:
Gospel music  Search this
American Indian  Search this
Acappella Vocal Band  Search this
Keyboards (Music)  Search this
Tama (Drum)  Search this
Banjo  Search this
Autoharp  Search this
Guitar  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1996 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1996, Item FP-1996-CT-0143
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1996 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1996 Festival of American Folklife / Series 3: Iowa - Community Style / 3.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk52648a6b6-0eb9-4c59-a308-3215f3ee5a47
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1996-ref689

Dakota Photographs

Photographer:
Kelly, R. L.  Search this
Stilwell, L. W.  Search this
Scott, George W.  Search this
Cross, W. R. (William R.)  Search this
Kelly, R. L.  Search this
Creator:
Northwestern Photo Company  Search this
Names:
Bear Pipe  Search this
Big Foot (Dakota)  Search this
Big Talk  Search this
Black Horse  Search this
Burke, Major  Search this
Bush, Joe  Search this
Crow Dog American Indian  Search this
Gerard, Frank  Search this
Good Lance  Search this
High Hawk  Search this
Kicking Bear  Search this
McDonough, J. M.  Search this
Medicine Man  Search this
Paint His Horse  Search this
Sitting Bull, 1831-1890  Search this
Standing Bear, Ellis  Search this
Standing Elk  Search this
Stinking Bear, Chief  Search this
Taylor, Captain  Search this
Two Strikes  Search this
Two Strikes  Search this
War bonnet  Search this
Extent:
54 Copy prints
Culture:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Relate to the Dakota Indians of Pine Ridge and Rosebud Agencies, and to the Battle of Wounded Knee (December 29, 1890), including views of the battlefield, January, 1891.
"The Nebraska State Historical Society, 1500 R. Street, Lincoln 8, Nebraska (James C. Olson, Supt.), has a collection of pictures relating to the Battle of Wounded Knee, fought in 1890. Included in the group of about 50 photographs are scenes before and following the battle, photographs of Indians, and related subjects. There are a few glass plate negatives by G. E. Trager, and the remainder of the collection consists of old photoprints or copies thereof." -- from Eye to Eye (Graphic Hitory Soc. Of America)-1954- 106. This entry from Eye to Eye, 1954 may refer to the same collection as Bureau of American Ethnology Catalog Number 4464. (Negative Numbers 3200-b-1--15) Some of these were published by Schmitt and Brown ("Fighting Indians of the West," 1948) from the Bureau of American Ethnology copy negatives and attributed to Trager as the photographer. However, the prints in the Bureau of American Ethnology apparently bear no signature or other mark attributing them to Trager. Possibly Schmitt and Brown knew him to be the photographer from other research they had done. It remains to check this collection with the Nebraska Historical Society to see if it is the same as theirs. The prints received from Mr Johnson have evidently been copied many times.
Contents: Catalog Number 4464 Dakota (1) Description: Burial of the dead after the Battle of Wounded Knee Photographer: Northwestern Photo Co. Date: December 29, 1890 (copyright 1/1/91) Negative Number 3200-b-7. (2) Medicine Man, dead in the snow Northwestern Photo Co copyright 1/1/91 3200-b-8. (3) Big Foot, dead in the snow Northwestern Photo Co copyright 1/1/91 3200-b-2 and 55,018. (4) Wounded Knee Battlefield, looking north Northwestern Photo Co copyright 1891 3200-b-10. (5) Wounded Knee Battlefield, looking south-west Northwestern Photo Co ? 1891 47,685. (6) Wounded Knee Battlefield Northwestern Photo Co ? 1891. (7) General Carr's camp at Pine Ridge Agency Northwestern Photo Co ? 1891. (8) Hostile Indian camp at the Mission near Pine Ridge Agency Northwestern Photo Co 1891. (9) "Scene at the battlefield." Northwest Photo Co 1891 3200-b-14. (10) Catholic Mission, 9 miles north of Pine Ridge Agency Northwestern Photo Co 1891. (11) Rosebud and Sioux Indians War Dance at Pine Ridge Agency, December 25, 1890 Northwestern Photo Co ? 12/25, 1890. (12) Kicking Bear, Brule Dakota Northwestern Photo Co. (13) Stinking Bear, a leader of the friendly Sioux Indians, Pine Ridge Northwestern Photo Co 1891. (14) Standing Elk (left) and Black Horse (right) Northwestern Photo Co 1891.
Catalog Number 4464 Dakota: (15) Description: Left to right: Two Strike, Crow Dog, High Hawk Photographer: Northwestern Photo Co Date: 1891 Negative Number: 42,827. (16) Left to right: J. M. McDonough, Good Lance, Big Talk, Frank Gerard (chief of scouts), Kicking Bear, Two Strike, Major Burke Northwestern Photo Co 1891. (17) Grand Council between friendly and hostile Indian chiefs at Pine Ridge Agency, January 17, 1891. Chief Kicking Bear talking Northwestern Photo Co January 17, 1891. (18) Indians at camp, Pine Ridge Agency Northwestern Photo Co 1891 3200-b-12. (19) Beef Issue, Pine Ridge Agency Northwestern Photo Co 1891. (20) Hospital, Pine Ridge Agency Northwestern Photo Co 1891 (21) Captain Taylor and his Indian Scouts on drill, Pine Ridge Agency Northwestern Photo Co 1891. (22) Officers of the 7th Cavalry, Pine Ridge Agency Northwestern Photo Co Date Unknown. (23) Officers of the 9th Cavalry, Pine Ridge Agency Northwestern Photo Co. [1891 ?] (24) Pine Ridge Agency from the north. (not clear) 1891. (25) Wounded Knee battlefield 1891. (26) Wounged Knee battlefield 3200-b-9. (27) "Scaffold on which the first Indian was hanged. Deadwood, South Dakota." (28) Sitting Bull R. L. Kelly, Pierre, South Dakota 47,686-A. (29) Dakota man, 3/4 length L. W. Stilwell ? (30) Joe Bush L. W. Stilwell, Deadwood, South Dakota. (31) Two men, standing L. W. Stilwell? (32) War Bonnet L. W. Stilwell. (33) Bear Pipe L. W. Stilwell. (34) Ellis [?] Standing Bear L. W. Stilwell (35) Mother of Messiah "watching Ghost Dance at Wounded Knee, South Dakota, 1891"- A. G. Johnson George W. Scott, Fort Yates, North Dakota 1891. (36) Two men standing in front of covered wagon. (37) Four men standing in front of covered wagon. (38) Stinking Bear and Paint His Horse. (39) Row of men on horseback. (40) Omaha Dance, Rosebud Agency W. R. Cross, Hot Springs, South Dakota 1891 55,634. (41) Omaha Dance, Rosebud Agency W. R. Cross, Hot Springs, South Dakota. (42) Row of Indians in front of a reviewing stand. (43) Row of Indians sitting on ground; white man on horse behind them. (44) "Sioux Indians in town July 4, hitting a dime at distance 100 ft." (45) Three "Sioux Indians coming to town."
Catalog Number 4464 Dakota:(46) Description: Hospital, Pine Ridge Agency Photographer Unknown Date: 1891. (47) Funeral of an Indian policeman 1891. (48) Scaffold burials, Yankton Agency, Dakota Territory W. R. Cross. (49) Large group of men on horseback. (50) "U. S. Cavalry returning after Battle of Wounded Knee, S. D., 1891." (51) "U. S. Army Officers Pine Ridge, S. D. 1891." 3200-b-13. (52) Officers with Indian fighters, Pine Ridge Agency 1891. (53) Officers of 7th Cavalry, Pine Ridge. (54) "Soldiers of Wounded Knee, 1891." (55) "Gathering up the dead at the Battle of Wounded Knee, S. D." 1891 47,685-B.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4464
Local Note:
Filed: Original prints, Dakota.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
War -- Battle of Wounded Knee  Search this
Dance  Search this
Camps  Search this
Federal-Indian relations -- Beef Issue  Search this
U. S. Army -- Cavalry officers  Search this
U. S. Army -- Battle of Wounded Knee  Search this
Death and mortuary customs -- scaffold burials  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4464, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4464
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32b00ff45-a581-4a93-97bf-ad063e201c17
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4464

MS 914 Snake, Crow and Sioux (Shoshoni, Crow and Lakota) dictionary

Creator:
Belden, George P. (George Pfauts), 1844?-1871  Search this
Extent:
146 Items (ca. pages ca. 146 pages)
1 Map
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Date:
January 1, 1868
Scope and Contents:
Includes profile map of road from Fort Smith to Fort Phil. Kearney with Crow names, 2 pages and letter from Belden to Joseph Henry, Autograph letter signed, October 25, 1868, 1 page transmitting dictionary.
Biographical / Historical:
George Pfouts Belden, 18844-1871, identified by Richard D. Rowen, Curator of History, Nebraska Historical Society, April 6, 1961. Rowen states that sketches made by Belden while serving with 2nd Nebraska Cavalry on a campaign against the Sioux under General Sully, 1863, are at the Nebraska Historical Society.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 914
Local Note:
Autograph document signed
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Citation:
Manuscript 914, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS914
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30913a8fe-a358-42fc-818a-0b2d14148a75
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms914

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By