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MS 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers

Creator:
La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932  Search this
Fletcher, Alice C. (Alice Cunningham), 1838-1923  Search this
Correspondent:
La Flesche family  Search this
Aldrich, Charles F.  Search this
Alexander, Hartley B.  Search this
Allen, James T.  Search this
Andrews, Gleorge L.  Search this
Armstrong, S.C.  Search this
Ashley, Robert H.  Search this
Atkins, John D.C.  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bowditch, Charles P. (Charles Pickering), 1842-1921  Search this
Brinton, Daniel G. (Daniel Garrison), 1837-1899  Search this
Brown, George LeRoy  Search this
Burlin, Natalie Curtis, 1875-1921  Search this
Cadman, Charles Wakefield, 1881-1946  Search this
Copley, John T.  Search this
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Dawes, E.S.  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Dixon, Roland Burrage, 1875-1934  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Dunbar, John Brown, 1841-1914  Search this
Ellinwood, F.F.  Search this
Farabee, William Curtis, 1865-1925  Search this
Farley, Caryl E.  Search this
Farley, Rosalie La Flesche  Search this
Farwell, Arthur  Search this
Fellowes, R.S.  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Fillmore, John Comfort, 1843-1898  Search this
Fillmore, L.H.  Search this
Fillmore, Thomas Hill  Search this
Freire-Marreco, Barbara W. (Barbara Whitchurch), 1879-1967  Search this
Gay, E. Jane  Search this
Griffith, Elmer C.  Search this
Guthrie, William Norman  Search this
Hale, Horatio, 1817-1896  Search this
Hall, C.C.  Search this
Hall, Charles Lemon, 1847-1940  Search this
Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919  Search this
Heth, H.  Search this
Hewett, Edgar L. (Edgar Lee), 1865-1946  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Jackson, Sheldon, 1834-1909  Search this
Johnston, Catherine M.  Search this
Kincaid, William  Search this
La Flesche, Joseph  Search this
Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928  Search this
MacCurdy, George Grant, 1863-1947  Search this
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
McBeth, Kate C., 1832-1915  Search this
McBeth, Sue L., -1893  Search this
McCown, S.M.  Search this
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
McGuire, Joseph D. (Joseph Deakins), 1842-1916  Search this
Mead, Frances K.  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Merrick, Fannie  Search this
Merrick, Jessie  Search this
Moon, Karl  Search this
Moore, Homer  Search this
Morgan, Caroline S.  Search this
Morgan, John T.  Search this
Murie, James R.  Search this
Myers, John L.  Search this
Nuttal, Maria Magdalena  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Petter, W.H.  Search this
Pettigrew, Frederick W., 1850-1901  Search this
Picotte, Susan La Flesche  Search this
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Price, Hiram  Search this
Proctor, Edna Dean, 1829-1923  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Quinn, Daniel  Search this
Robertson, Alice M.  Search this
Rogers, Emily F.  Search this
Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917  Search this
Seymour, Thomas Day  Search this
Spofford, Ainsworth Rand, 1825-1908  Search this
St. Cyr, Julia  Search this
Starr, Frederick  Search this
Stuart, James  Search this
Talbot, Emily  Search this
Teller, W.J.  Search this
Thaw, William  Search this
Tozzer, Alfred M. (Alfred Marston), 1877-1954  Search this
Wallaschek, Richard  Search this
Westcott, Edith  Search this
Wilkinson, G.W.  Search this
Wilkinson, Hattie M.  Search this
Willoughby, Charles Clark  Search this
Names:
Carr, Lucien, 1829-1915  Search this
Radin, Paul, 1883-1959  Search this
Extent:
19 Linear feet (50 boxes)
Culture:
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Quechua  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Mexicans  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Zapotec  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Hitchiti Seminole  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Osage  Search this
Oto  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Ajachemem (San Juan de Capistrano Luiseño)  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Alaska
Date:
1873-1939
Summary:
These papers reflect the professional lives of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923), an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology, and Francis La Flesche (1856-1923), an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Due to the close professional and personal relationship of Fletcher and La Flesche, their papers have been arranged jointly. The papers cover the period from 1874 to 1939. Included in the collection is correspondence, personal diaries, lectures, field notes and other ethnographic papers, drafts, musical transcriptions, publications by various authors, maps and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional lives of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923), an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard University and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology, and Francis La Flesche (1856-1923), an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Due to the close professional and personal relationship of Fletcher and La Flesche, their papers have been arranged jointly. The papers cover the period from 1874 to 1939. Included in the collection is correspondence, personal diaries, lectures, field notes and other ethnographic papers, drafts, musical transcriptions, publications by various authors, maps and photographs.

The papers have been divided into three general categories: the papers of Alice Cunningham Fletcher, the papers of Francis La Flesche, and the ethnographic research of Fletcher and La Flesche. The first two categories represent personal and professional materials of Fletcher and La Flesche. The third section holds the majority of the ethnographic material in the collection.

Of primary concern are Fletcher and La Flesche's ethnological investigations conducted among the Plains Indians, particularly the Omaha and Osage. Fletcher's Pawnee field research and her allotment work for the Bureau of Indian Affairs among the Omaha, Nez Perce, and Winnebago are represented in the collection. A substantial portion of the ethnographic material reflects Fletcher and La Flesche's studies of Native American music. Much of the correspondence in the papers of Fletcher and La Flesche is rich with information about the situation of Omaha peoples in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Also included in the collection are documents related to Fletcher's work with the Archaeological Institute of America and the School for American Archaeology. Additionally, substantial amounts of Fletcher's early anthropological and historical research are found among her correspondence, lectures, anthropological notes, and early field diaries. La Flesche's literary efforts are also generously represented.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into the following 3 series: 1) Alice Cunningham Fletcher papers, 1873-1925; 2) Francis La Flesche papers, 1881-1930; 3) Papers relating to the anthropological research of Alice Fletcher and Francis La Flesche, 1877-1939.

Series 1: Alice Cunningham Fletcher papers is divided into the following 10 subseries: 1.1) Incoming correspondence, 1874-1923 (bulk 1882-1923); 1.2) Outgoing correspondence, 1873-1921; 1.3) Correspondence on specific subjects, 1881-1925; 1.4) Correspondence between Fletcher and La Flesche, 1895-1922; 1.5) Publications, 1882-1920; 1.6) Organizational records, 1904-1921; 1.7) General anthropological notes, undated; 1.8) Lectures, circa 1878-1910; 1.9) Diaries, 1881-1922; 1.10) Biography and memorabilia, 1878-1925.

Series 2: Francis La Flesche papers is divided into the following 6 subseries: 2.11) General correspondence, 1890-1929; 2.12) Correspondence on specific subjects, 1881-1930; 2.13) Publications, 1900-1927; 2.14) Literary efforts, undated; 2.15) Personal diaries, 1883-1924; 2.16) Biography and memorabilia, 1886-1930.

Series 3: Papers relating to the anthropological research of Alice Fletcher and Francis La Flesche is divided into the following 12 subseries: 3.17) Alaska, 1886-1887; 3.18) Earth lodges, 1882, 1898-1899; 3.19) Music, 1888-1918; 3.20) Nez Perce, 1889-1909; 3.21) Omaha, 1882-1922; 3.22) Osage, 1896-1939; 3.23) Pawnee, 1897-1910; 3.24) Pipes, undated; 3.25) Sioux, 1877-1896; 3.26) Other tribes, 1882-1922; 3.27) Publications collected, 1884-1905, undated; 3.28) Photographs, undated.
Biographical / Historical:
Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923) was an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Francis La Flesche (1856-1923) was an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Chronology of the Life of Alice Cunningham Fletcher

1838 March 15 -- Born in Havana, Cuba

1873-1876 -- Secretary, American Association for Advancement of Women

1879 -- Informal student of anthropology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1881 -- Field trip to Omaha and Rosebud Agencies

1882 -- Assistant in ethnology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1882 -- Helped secure land in severalty to Omaha Indians

1882-1883 -- Begins collaboration with Francis La Flesche on the Peabody Museum's collection of Omaha and Sioux artifacts

1883-1884 -- Special Agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Omaha Agency

1886 -- Bureau of Education investigation of Alaskan native education

1887-1888 -- Special Disbursing Agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Winnebago Agency

1889-1892 -- Special Agent for allotment, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Nez Perce Agency

1890-1899 -- President, Women's Anthropological Society of America

1891-1923 -- Mary Copley Thaw Fellow, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1892-1893 -- Department of Interior consultant, World's Columbian Exposition

1896 -- Vice-President, Section H, American Association for the Advancement of Science

1897 -- Collaborator, Bureau of American Ethnology

1899-1916 -- Editorial board, American Anthropologist

1900 -- Published Indian Story and Song from North America

1901-1902 -- Advisory committee, Anthropology Department, University of California at Berkeley

1903 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1904 -- Published The Hako: A Pawnee Ceremony with James Murie

1904 -- Member, ethnology section, Louisiana Purchase Exposition

1905 -- President, American Folk-lore Society

1908-1913 -- Chair, Managing Committee of School of American Archaeology

1911 -- Honorary Vice-President, Section H, British Association for Advancement of Science

1911 -- Published The Omaha Tribe with Francis La Flesche

1913 -- Chair Emeritus, Managing Committee of School of American Archaeology

1915 -- Published Indian Games and Dances with Native Songs Arranged from American Indian Ceremonials and Sports

1923 April 6 -- Died in Washington, D.C.

Chronology of the Life of Francis La Flesche

1857 December 25 -- Born on Omaha Reservation near Macy, Nebraska

1879 -- Lecture tour, Ponca chief Standing Bear

1881 -- Interpreter, Senate Committee on Indian Affairs

1881-1910 -- Clerk, Bureau of Indian Affairs

1891 -- Informally adopted as Fletcher's son

1892 -- LL.B., National University Law School

1893 -- LL.M., National University Law School

1900 -- Published The Middle Five: Indian Boys at School

1906-1908 -- Marriage to Rosa Bourassa

1910-1929 -- Ethnologist, Bureau of American Ethnology

1911 -- Published The Omaha Tribe with Alice Fletcher

1921 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part One

1922 -- Member, National Academy of Sciences

1922-1923 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1925 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part Two

1926 -- Honorary Doctor of Letters, University of Nebraska

1928 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part Three

1932 -- Published Dictionary of the Osage Language

1932 September 5 -- Died in Thurston County, Nebraska

1939 -- Posthumous publication of War Ceremony and Peace Ceremony of the Osage Indians
Related Materials:
Additional material related to the professional work of Fletcher and La Flesche in the National Anthropological Archives may be found among the correspondence of the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) and the records of the Anthropological Society of Washington.

Sound recordings made by Fletcher and La Flesche can be found at the Library of Congress. The National Archives Records Administration hold the Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), including those relating to allotments in severalty for the Nez Perce by Alice Fletcher. The Nebraska Historical Society has diaries, letters and clippings regarding the La Flesche family, including correspondence of Francis La Flesche and Fletcher. The Radcliffe College Archives holds a manuscript account of Alice Fletcher's four summers with the Nez Perce (1889-1892). Correspondence between Fletcher and F. W. Putnam is also located at the Peabody Museum Archives of Harvard University.
Separated Materials:
Ethnographic photographs from the collection have been catalogued by tribe in Photo Lot 24.

Glass plate negatives from the collection have been catalogued by tribe in the BAE glass negatives collection (Negative Numbers 4439-4515).
Provenance:
The papers of Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche have been received from an undocumented number of sources. Portions of Fletcher's ethnographic papers were donated to the archives by Mrs. G. David Pearlman in memory of her husband in 1959.
Restrictions:
The Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers are open for research.

Access to the Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pipes -- American Indian  Search this
Earth houses  Search this
Music -- American Indian  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4558
See more items in:
MS 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw364f28c11-4526-4a7d-9d44-1db060dad721
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4558
Online Media:

MS 1909 Letters received by James Mooney

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
South Carolina Historical Society  Search this
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
Correspondent:
Barry, J. Neilson (John Neilson), 1870-1961  Search this
Bowers, George M.  Search this
Clark, Benjamin H., 1842-1914  Search this
Cleveland, R. E.  Search this
Devitt, E. I.  Search this
Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938  Search this
Jackson, R. C.  Search this
Jones, Alexander, Dr.  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Scott, W. L. General  Search this
Webber, Mabel L.  Search this
Tatum, Lawrie  Search this
Day, David  Search this
Whatley, L. A.  Search this
Names:
Satanta, Kiowa Chief, approximately 1815-1878  Search this
Walker, Jack  Search this
Extent:
1 Portfolio
Culture:
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Cree  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Wesort  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Piscataway (Conoy)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Gypsies  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Portfolios
Newsclippings
Date:
1890-1919
Scope and Contents:
Contents: Barry, J. Nelson. St Stephen's Parish, Baker City, Oregon. February 22, 1910. 2 pages. Refers to "Wesorts" of southern Maryland. Bowers, George M. United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Washington, D.C. September 20, 1899. 2 pages. Concerning the identity of a "stone-piling fish" in the headwaters of the Tennessee River. Clark, Ben. Fort Reno. Oklahoma. February 5, 1906. 2 pages. Concerning the Mormon massacre of 1857, with a newsclipping of the story. Clark, Ben. Fort Reno, Oklahoma. January 16, 1907. 2 pages. Concerning the movements of certain bands of Nez Perce and Cheyenne Indians. Cleveland, R. E. Anadarko, Oklahoma. January 15, 1904. Autograph letter signed with Manuscript notes for reply signed by Mooney. 1 page. Asking value of a Martin Van Buren peace medal. Devitt, E. I. Georgetown University, Washington, D.C. January 7, 1909. 1 page. Concerning the Wesorts of Charles County, Maryland. Grinnell, George Bird. New York, New York. September 7, 1894. 2 pages. Concerning the appearance of the Gros Ventre of the prairie in the northern country. Mention is also made of the Cree names for the Cheyenne. Jackson, R. C. Smithwood, Knox County, Tennessee. August 15, 1890. 3 pages. Concerning life and murder of Cherokee half-blood, Jack Walker. Date of murder given as between 1830 amd 1835.
Jones, Dr Alexander. American Journal of Science and Arts, Volume xxvi, pages 189-190, New Haven, 1834. Concerning "American Gypsies" residing on Biloxi Bay, Louisiana. Typed extract by Mooney from above source, 2 pages. Powell, Major John. Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. June 28, 1893. 3 pages. Concerning request made to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs that the Kiowa Indians be permitted to hold their Medicine Dance to enable the Bureau to study it. Scott, W. L. Fort Sill, Oklahoma. May 11, 1893. 4 pages. Concerning Kiowa tribes' concern over the delegation sent to Washington to represent the tribe. South Carolina Historical Society (Mabel L. Webber). Charleston, South Carolina. March 5, 1919. 3 pages. Concerning enclosed list of Cherokee villages and an account of the "Routes and Distances from Fort Prince to Fort Louden." ("The common route" and the "Route over the four and twenty mountains.") Tatum, Lawrie. Springfield. Iowa. April 7, 1896. 19 pages. Concerning Satanta and the story of the part he took in the raids into Texas in 1870. United States Geological Survey (David Day). Washington, D.C. October 7, 1903. 2 pages. Concerning results of analysis of clay particles submitted by James Mooney. Whatley, L. A., Superindendent of State Penitentiaries. Huntsville, Texas. March 3, 1896. 1 page. Concerning the imprisonment, parole, and suicide of Satanta, the Kiowa Chief.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1909
Topic:
War -- Mormon Massacre  Search this
Migration  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Names, tribal  Search this
Towns, villages and other settlements -- list of  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Conoy  Search this
Roma (People)  Search this
Romanies  Search this
Genre/Form:
Newsclippings
Citation:
Manuscript 1909, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1909
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3dbdc356f-126b-4629-a3c6-61f7ab29839f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1909
Online Media:

MS 567 Words, phrases, and sentences in the Cha'hta language. Collected in October 1886 at Trout Creek, Catahoula Parish, Louisiana.

Creator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Informant:
Johnson, Samuel Gibson  Search this
Extent:
14 Pages
Culture:
Choctaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Includes added Manuscript annotations.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 567
Local Note:
Manuscript document signed
Place:
Trout Creek, Catahoula Parish Louisiana
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Choctaw language  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 567, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS567
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34f2ad66f-a618-4015-8a2b-e4196885bd8d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms567
Online Media:

MS 4153 Koasati linguistic material; and ethnographic notes and census data on the Koasati and Alibamu

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Informant:
Langley, Jackson  Search this
Extent:
105 Pages
Culture:
Alibamu  Search this
Coushatta (Koasati)  Search this
Alabama Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1906-1930
Scope and Contents:
Contents: "Population of Koasati village." Manuscript document with A. title by Swanton. 2 pages. Kinship terms. Autograph document 4 pages. Koasati words and phrases. 14 pages. Koasati texts with interlinear English "collected Jul. 23-Aug. 1, 1930, from Jackson Langley." [Kinder, Louisiana (Cf. Number 4154)] Autograph document. 36 pages. Koasati stories, and ethnographic notes on the Koasati, Alabama, and Tunica; in English. Autograph document. 33 pages. Lists of names and clan affiliations of the Koasati and Alabama in Louisiana. Autograph and Manuscript Document. 5 pages. "Census of the Alibamo [sic] and Koasati in Polk County, Texas 1910," with names and clan affiliations. Autograph document. 25 pages. Typescript Document with Autograph and Manuscript annotations. 11 pages. List of Alibamu and Koasati English and native names. Autograph documet. 2 pages.
Biographical / Historical:
Swanton worked with the Alibamu in 1906-1913, and with the Koasati from 1912-1930, according to Bureau of American Ethnology-AR 28, page 13; AR 34, page 13-14; and AR 48, page 5.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4153
Local Note:
A. note S. by Swanton indicates that he made this material available to Lyda A. Taylor for her study of the Koasati.
autograph document
manuscript document
typescript document with annotations
Topic:
Censuses -- Koasati  Search this
Censuses -- Alibamu  Search this
Kinship -- Koasati  Search this
Kinship -- Alibamu  Search this
Names -- Koasati  Search this
Names -- Alibamu  Search this
Folklore -- Koasati  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4153, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4153
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw393663509-ee2e-4790-a2ea-fbbd518a5504
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4153
Online Media:

MS 586 Cha'hta (Choctaw) vocabulary

Creator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Extent:
74 Pages
Culture:
Choctaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1881-82
Scope and Contents:
Recorded in J.W. Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages. It is a dialect of southeastern Louisiana, collected in various settlements in Tangipahoa and St. Tammany Parishes, Louisiana.
Biographical / Historical:
Includes on title page autograph notes regarding Gatschet's efforts in collecting "only terms for concrete objects and actions" which are not to be found in Byington's Dictionary."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 586
Local Note:
Additional notes, page 239, on the words and sentences collected at New Orleans, Louisiana on January 14, 1882 read: "They could not be revised with the help of any other Indians, and therefore no implicit reliance can be placed on them."
Manuscript signed document
Topic:
Choctaw language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 586, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS586
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3756633d4-5eba-4713-a887-3d3b001a8b9d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms586
Online Media:

Douglas E. Evelyn photograph and ephemera collection

Creator:
Evelyn, Douglas E.  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot
42 Printed pages
30 Postcards
25 Photographic prints
Culture:
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Southern Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
White Mountain Apache  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Printed pages
Postcards
Photographic prints
Date:
1880-1960
Summary:
This collection consists of 42 NABISCO Straight Arrow cards, 30 postcards, and 25 stereographs depicting indigenous peoples of North and Central America, with dates ranging 1880 – 1960. The bulk of the collection consists of images of Native communities throughout the United States, and includes portrait images, dwellings, and landscape views.
Scope and Contents:
The Douglas E. Evelyn photograph and ephemera collection consists of 42 NABISCO Straight Arrow cards, 30 postcards, and 25 stereographs, with dates ranging 1880 – 1960. The images depict indigenous peoples of the Americas, and spans a large geographical breadth extending from the Arctic in the north to El Salvador in Central America in the south. The bulk of the collection consists of images of Native communities throughout the United States, and includes portrait images, dwellings, and landscape views. Of particular note are the NABISCO Straight Arrow cards, marketed towards children from 1949 to 1952, which depict outdoor activities as romanticized constructions about American Indian identity and life.
Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into 9 series, organized thematically and then regionally by location or culture group. Series 1: NABISCO Straight Arrow cards, Series 2: Arctic/Subarctic, Series 3: Northwest Coast, Series 4: California, Series 5: Southwest, Series 6: Plains, Series 7: Northeast/Great Lakes, Series 8: Southeast, Series 9: Central America
Biographical / Historical:
Douglas E. Evelyn worked for several decades in senior-level management positions with the Smithsonian Institution, including the National Portrait Gallery, the National Museum of American History, and the National Museum of the American Indian. Evelyn is also the author of a number of scholarly articles and books, among them On This Spot: Pinpointing the Past in Washington, D.C., co-authored with Paul Dickson.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Douglas E. Evelyn in 2006.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
The following images are restricted due to cultural sensitivity: 226_pht_010_003; 226_pht_010_004; 226_pht_012_002; P33114; P33116; P33120.
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Indians of Central America -- El Salvador  Search this
Mille Lacs Band of Chippewa Indians. Minnesota  Search this
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904 : Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Douglas E. Evelyn photograph and ephemera collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.226
See more items in:
Douglas E. Evelyn photograph and ephemera collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4b273f6eb-dfba-407f-be23-97e7e40da172
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-226
Online Media:

MS 4201 Southeast ethnographic and vocabulary notes

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Billy, Baptiste  Search this
Informant:
Billiot, Billy  Search this
Verdine, Yeet  Search this
Bohanan, Anthony  Search this
Lewis, Jackson  Search this
Extent:
163 Pages
Culture:
Ofo  Search this
Alabama Indians  Search this
Atakapa  Search this
Miccosukee Seminole (Mikasuki)  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Natchez  Search this
Tunica  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Houma  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Diaries
Date:
May, 1907
Scope and Contents:
Includes: census of Indian families in several Louisiana towns, pages 2 and 200; Houma vocabulary, pages 3, 198, and 4; Alibamu belt design, page 8; Hitchiti and Creek stories, pages 29-33, 172-169; and diagram of "Stomp ground in Greenleaf Mtns. for Natchez and Cherokee," page 58. Diary of May 2-22 [1907] in Louisiana; then proceeds to Indian Territory. In stenographic notebook. Is numbered 1-100 on on side of pages and 101-200 running back the other way on reverse; but notes have been taken in normal order. Partial outline of contents prepared summer, 1970 by M. C. Blaker gives page numbers in order inscribed, Incomplete outline of contents left with manuscript.-- MCB, 6/1972.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4201
Local Note:
autograph document
Topic:
American Indian -- Southeast  Search this
Folklore  Search this
Censuses  Search this
Ofo language  Search this
Choctaw language  Search this
Alabama language  Search this
Atakapa language  Search this
Hitchiti language  Search this
Creek language  Search this
Biloxi language  Search this
Natchez language  Search this
Tunica language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Citation:
Manuscript 4201, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4201
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3869cd484-b1a2-485f-a934-dabc566d1155
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4201
Online Media:

MS 4154 "First Series" of Koasati texts

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Informant:
Thompson, Charlie  Search this
Henry, George  Search this
Extent:
221 Pages
Culture:
Coushatta (Koasati)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1912-1920 ?
Scope and Contents:
With interlinear English translation. Contents: Note by Swanton about informants. Autograph document. 1 page. Stories I-XXII (no story XV). Autograph document. 149 pages. (numbered 1-59, 52-134). Photostats of Autograph Document of stories IV-XIII and XVI-XXII, made before they were corrected by Jackson Langley. 62 sheets (2 pages photostated per sheet). (Photostats are poor quality and cannot be recopied.) (Formerly in Manuscript 1801.) Stories I-XXII (no story XV). Typescript Document with A. interlinear English translation. 63 pages. Received in Bureau of American Ethnology Archives from Swanton in 1920. (Formerly in Manuscript 1816.) Story XIV with short vocabulary from George Henry. (This vocabulary, which is in the original Autograph document is not included in the above typescript.) Typescript Document. 2 pages. (Formerly in Manuscript 1801.) Stories I-III. Typescript Document. 7 pages. (Formerly in Manuscript 1801.)
Biographical / Historical:
Swanton began working with the Koasati in Polk County, Texas in 1912, according to Bureau of American Ethnology-AR 34, page 13. The terminal date for this file is given as 1920 since the typescripts of stories I-XXII were received in Bureau of American Ethnology Archives in 1920.
Informants: Charlie Thompson, "later chief of the Alabama Indians in Texas," "who thought he knew Koasati" reviewed afterwards by Swanton with Jackson Langley of Kinder, Louisiana, and Langley's corrections added.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4154
Local Note:
autograph and typescript document
photostats of autograph document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4154, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4154
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw355bad0cf-8e76-4a3b-8ead-beaa75021baa
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4154
Online Media:

Photographs of prominent Kiowas

Photographer:
Soule, William S. (William Stinson), 1836-1908  Search this
Collector:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Collection Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Collection Artist:
Murphy, Charles (Cheyenne)  Search this
Sweezy, Carl, 1881-1953  Search this
Extent:
15 Photographs
Culture:
Kiowa  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
n.d
Scope and Contents:
8 photographic prints of prominent Kiowas, from images by Will Soule. These were found in photo files and added to this file, 1963. They are inscribed by James Mooney and were part of the BAE exhibit on Kiowa heraldry that he prepared for the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, 1904.
Arrangement:
Subgroup
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2531 Vol. 15
Album Information:
MS 2531-15 000
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2531, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2531 James Mooney notebooks principally regarding Kiowa, Cheyenne, and Arapaho shield and tipi designs
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3cc2d9a1e-d1bb-4ca7-8853-a6f5c203d604
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2531-ref15

Bob Verret's house, near Montegut, LA

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Collection Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 005 in)
Culture:
Houma  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Louisiana
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01754100

OPPS NEG.74-6526
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Collection Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans / Houma / 245a-b: Bob Verret's house, near Montegut, LA
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3bf4a4ca5-b3f7-46cc-bac5-d0f5abfa356b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-76-ref1005
Online Media:

Mr Berger and Louis Frederick, Terre Bonne Parish, LA

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Collection Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 005 in)
Culture:
Houma  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Louisiana
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01754200

OPPS NEG.74-6527
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Collection Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans / Houma / 138a-d: Houma families and individuals, Terre Bonne Parish
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38bebe3d5-8440-4436-ac8b-8ecc2caf7afa
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-76-ref1006
Online Media:

Rosa Pierrette (Ofo) and Girl

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Collection Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 007 in)
Culture:
Ofo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Louisiana
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01754500
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Collection Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans / Ofo / 206b-e: Rosa Pierette with girl
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ba772ea0-8053-4701-bddf-79eaf9db3f99
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-76-ref1008

Rosa Pierrette (Ofo) and Girl

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Collection Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (005 in x 007 in)
Culture:
Ofo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Louisiana
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01754700
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Collection Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans / Ofo / 206b-e: Rosa Pierette with girl
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c1c5331a-1d67-48ee-8760-d3470f9c6cc4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-76-ref1010

Rosa Pierrette (Ofo) and Girl

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Collection Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (005 in x 007 in)
Culture:
Ofo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Louisiana
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01754800

OPPS NEG.74-6536
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Collection Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans / Ofo / 206b-e: Rosa Pierette with girl
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw36d5bd434-d7dc-4aed-84a2-375e74c2330e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-76-ref1011

Rosa Pierrette (Ofo) and Girl

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Collection Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (005 in x 006 in)
Culture:
Ofo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Louisiana
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01754900
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Collection Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans / Ofo / 206b-e: Rosa Pierette with girl
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw342eb6d62-29b9-4580-a9a9-440cf605774b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-76-ref1012

Rosa Pierrette (Ofo) and Girl

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Collection Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (005 in x 007 in)
Culture:
Ofo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Louisiana
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01755000
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Collection Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans / Ofo / 206b-e: Rosa Pierette with girl
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c4201a9e-9e7d-4665-bb35-4cefc17a3d2e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-76-ref1013
Online Media:

Rosa Pierrette (Ofo) and Girl

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Collection Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (005 in x 007 in)
Culture:
Ofo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Louisiana
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01755100
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Collection Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans / Ofo / 206b-e: Rosa Pierette with girl
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw399916aa3-337a-4467-962f-ccd0f5fe30de
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-76-ref1014
Online Media:

Rosa Pierrette's Husband with Boy

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Collection Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (005 in x 007 in)
Culture:
Tunica  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Louisiana
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01755300
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Collection Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans / Ofo / 206f: Tunica husband of Rosa Pierette with boy
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw355a1dc37-dfb1-416a-a991-964a9cb112ac
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-76-ref1016
Online Media:

Group seated in front of house, Terre Bonne Parish, LA

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Collection Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 005 in)
Culture:
Houma  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Louisiana
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01754300

OPPS NEG.74-6530
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint
Collection Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans / Houma / 138a-d: Houma families and individuals, Terre Bonne Parish
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a637078f-6317-45f3-a0d7-a1938dbe9098
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-76-ref1018
Online Media:

Group of Biloxi men, women, and children sitting on porch of house, Woodworth, LA

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed  Search this
Collection Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 005 in)
Culture:
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Woodworth (Louisiana)
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01753200

OPPS NEG.74-6532
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint
Collection Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans / Biloxi
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e120a14a-e911-4b0b-be0c-4503a0234e7c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-76-ref997

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