Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
203 documents - page 1 of 11

National Congress of American Indians records

Creator:
National Congress of American Indians  Search this
Names:
Arrow, Inc.  Search this
National Tribal Chairmen's Association  Search this
Native American Rights Fund  Search this
United Effort Trust  Search this
United States. American Indian Policy Review Commission  Search this
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
United States. Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Bronson, Ruth Muskrat  Search this
Curry, James E., 1907-1972  Search this
Deloria, Vine  Search this
Harjo, Suzan Shown  Search this
McNickle, D'Arcy, 1904-1977  Search this
Peterson, Helen L.  Search this
Snake, Reuben, 1937-1993  Search this
Tonasket, Mel  Search this
Trimble, Charles E.  Search this
Extent:
251 Linear feet (597 archival boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Videotapes
Correspondence
Administrative records
Financial records
Audiotapes
Clippings
Date:
1933-1990
bulk 1944-1989
Summary:
The National Congress of American Indian (NCAI), founded in 1944, is the oldest nation-wide American Indian advocacy organization in the United States. The NCAI records document the organization's work, particularly that of its office in Washington, DC, and the wide variety of issues faced by American Indians in the twentieth century. The collection is located in the Cultural Resource Center of the National Museum of the American Indian.
Scope and Contents:
The records of the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) reflect the operations of its Washington, DC, headquarters and, in particular, the activities and responsibilities of its executive director. The papers primarily cover the period 1943 to 1990, although some documents pre-dating NCAI are present. The bulk of the material relates to legislation, lobbying, and NCAI's interactions with various governmental bodies. A large segment also concerns the annual conventions and executive council and executive committee meetings. Finally, the records also document the operations of the NCAI, including personnel, financial, and fundraising material. Materials found throughout the collection include letters, memoranda, handwritten notes, speeches, press releases, newspaper clippings, publications, minutes of meetings, transcripts, reports, agenda, programs, financial records, legislative materials, photographs, and sound recordings.
Arrangement:
The National Congress of American Indians records are arranged in 21 series:

Series 1 -- : NCAI Conventions and Mid-Year Conferences

Series 2 -- : Executive Council and Executive Committee Files

Subseries 2.1: Executive Council

Subseries 2.2: Executive Committee

Subseries 2.3: Executive Committee: Benefit Awards

Series 3 -- : Correspondence Files

Subseries 3.1: Name Files

Subseries 3.2: Chronological Files

Subseries 3.3: Miscellaneous Files

Series 4 -- : Tribal Files

Subseries 4.1: Individual Tribes, Bands and Reservations

Subseries 4.2: Intertribal Organizations

Subseries 4.3: Special Issues

Subseries 4.4: Miscellaneous Tribal Files

Series 5 -- : Records of Indian Interest Organizations

Subseries 5.1: Other Indian Organizations

Subseries 5.2: Non-Indian Support Groups

Subseries 5.3: General Indian Interest Groups

Series 6 -- : NCAI Committees and Special Issue Files

Subseries 6.1: Alaskan Natives

Subseries 6.2: Policy Conference

Subseries 6.3: Religious Freedom and Related Cultural Concerns

Subseries 6.4: Hunting and Fishing Rights

Subseries 6.5: Natural Resources and Indian Water Rights

Subseries 6.6: Nuclear Waste

Subseries 6.7: Solar Bank

Subseries 6.8: AIMS [American Indian Media Surveillance] Committee

Subseries 6.9: HCR 108 and Federal Termination Policies

Subseries 6.10: Emergency Conference of 1954

Subseries 6.11: Jurisdiction --NCAI Commission and Federal Legislation

Subseries 6.12: Law Enforcement

Subseries 6.13: Litigation Committee

Subseries 6.14: Annual Litigation Conference

Subseries 6.15: Trail of Broken Treaties Impact Survey Team

Subseries 6.16: Block Grants

Subseries 6.17: Health and Welfare

Subseries 6.18: Self-Determination and Education

Subseries 6.19: National Conference on Federal Recognition

Subseries 6.20: Economic and Reservation Development

Series -- 7: United Effort Trust (UET)

Subseries 7.1: NCAI and NTCA Joint Committee

Subseries 7.2: Issues

Subseries 7.3: Legislation

Subseries 7.4: News Releases

Subseries 7.5: Indian Organizations

Subseries 7.6: Inter-Tribal Organizations

Subseries 7.7: Non-Indian Organizations

Subseries 7.8: Tribes

Series 8 -- : Attorneys and Legal Interest Groups

Subseries 8.1: Attorneys

Subseries 8.2: Legal Interest Groups

Subseries 8.3: Legal Services

Series 9 -- : Federal Indian Policy and Legislation Files

Subseries 9.1: American Indian Policy Review Task Force

Series 10 -- : Bureau of Indian Affairs

Series 11 -- : State and Local Government Organizations

Series 12 -- : Census

Series 13 -- : General Alpha-Subject Files

Series 14 -- : Records of Charles E. "Chuck" Trimble

Series 15 -- : Records of Suzan S. Harjo

Subseries 15.1: Indian Claims: Eastern Land Claims

Subseries 15.2: Indian Claims: Statute of Limitations

Subseries 15.3: Conference on -- The Indian Reorganization Act - An Assessment and Prospectus Fifty Years Later

Subseries 15.4: Inter-American Indian Institute (IAII)

Subseries 15.5: Institute of American Indian Arts (IAIA)

Subseries 15.6: Institute of the American West (IAW)

Subseries 15.7: Common Cause

Subseries 15.8: Office Files

Series 16 -- : Fund Raising

Subseries 16.1: Gifts, Bequests, and Contributions

Subseries 16.2: Foundations

Subseries 16.3: General --Arrow and NCAI Fund

Series 17 -- : Business and Financial Records Files

Subseries 17.1: Personnel

Series 18 -- : "Give-Away" Files

Series 19 -- : Publications

Subseries 19.1: -- News/Sentinels -- and -- Sentinel Bulletin

Subseries 19.2: Other Publications

Series 20 -- : Photographs

Series 21 -- : Audio and Film Recordings
Biographical / Historical:
The National Congress of America Indians, which describes itself as the oldest and largest American Indian and Alaskan Native organization in the United States, was founded on November 16, 1944, in Denver, CO. NCAI was intended to serve as a link between individual tribal councils and the United States government, by defining and helping to crystallize Indian thought on the administration of Indian affairs. The Congress also aimed to educate the general public about Indians, preserve Indian cultural values, protect treaty rights with the United States, and promote Indian welfare.

At the first convention, delegates representing fifty tribes ratified the constitution and by-laws, drafted resolutions determining the direction of NCAI policy, and elected the organizations' first officers, with Oklahoma Supreme Court Justice Napoleon B. Johnson (Cherokee) as president. The officers, as well as eight elected council members, formed the Executive Council. The Council chose the Executive Director; Ruth Muskrat Bronson (Cherokee) was the organization's first director, from 1944-1948. "Persons of Indian blood" could join the organization either as individuals or as groups. In 1955, however, the constitution was revised to restrict group membership to recognized tribes, committees, or bands, and to make the Executive Council chosen by tribal representatives. These changes gave control of the organization to governing bodies of organized tribes, rather than individuals. A further amendment that year created a five-member Executive Committee, headed by the president, which had all the powers of the Executive Council between council meetings.

Conventions have been held annually in the fall since the formation of the NCAI in 1944. Since 1977, mid-year conferences have been held in May or June of each year, to allow more frequent and thorough discussion of issues. The resolutions passed at these conventions are the basis for all policy of the Executive Committee and Executive Director between meetings. The conventions are also used for informational sessions and meetings of standing and special committees of NCAI. One or two-day workshops may also be held on special topics or Congressional issues of particular concern.

NCAI created a tax-exempt arm in 1949 to accept charitable contributions and apply for grants, the NCAI Fund, which soon changed its name to ARROW, Inc. By 1957, however, ARROW had split off to become an independent organization, and NCAI started a new arm, again called the NCAI Fund. In the coming decades, the NCAI Fund would obtain grants from sources including the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of Veteran Affairs, Indian Health Service, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Ford Foundation, humanities councils and others, which they used for conferences, workshops, publications, and other projects.

In its early years, NCAI fought for the recognition of land claims of Alaska natives, the enfranchisement of Arizona and New Mexico Indians, the equitable settlement of tribal land claims, and the right of Indians to select their own attorneys. The NCAI lobbied vigorously for an Indian Claims Commission Bill, which became law in August 1946. NCAI's lobbying efforts on behalf of this act set the pattern for the organization's future role in legislative matters: keeping member tribes abreast of proposed legislation and ascertaining their views, and maintaining a presence in Congress through lobbying and testimony.

Beginning in 1954, the threat of termination pushed NCAI into a period of increased activity. Although some tribes were ready to terminate their relationship with the federal government, much of Indian Country felt threatened by the government's new stated policy. NCAI therefore organized an Emergency Conference of American Indians for February 1954 to protest this new termination policy. An agreement was forged at the conference between the NCAI and the Bureau of Indian Affairs to work together toward slowly liquidating the BIA. The termination period of the 1950s and 1960s, while challenging, saw NCAI increase in confidence and political acumen.

During the 1960s, a number of other activist Indian groups sprang up and began to dilute the singular influence which NCAI had commanded. Newer, more militant groups often considered themselves at odds with NCAI, which was increasingly perceived as conservative. As the number of Indian advocacy groups grew in the 1960s and 1970s, however, NCAI actively partnered with other organizations, particularly the National Tribal Chairmen's Association (NTCA) and Native American Rights Fund (NARF), on a variety of projects.

Charles E. "Chuck" Trimble (Oglala Dakota) served as Executive Director of NCAI in 1972 until 1977, when he resigned to lead the United Effort Trust, a project designed to fight white backlash to Indian rights. NCAI spent most of the next two years trying to find another permanent director. In 1979, Ronald P. Andrade (Luiseno-Diegueno) joined NCAI and unfortunately found a group that was demoralized and underfunded. He was able to return the organization to good health but left in 1982. Si Whitman (Nez Perce), his successor, remained at NCAI for less than a year.

Suzan Shown Harjo (Cheyenne-Creek) became director of NCAI on May 1, 1984. Prior to taking this postions, she had served as Congressional Liaison for Indian Affairs at the Department of the Interior during the Carter administration and as legislative liaison for the Native American Rights Fund, as well as working for NCAI during the mid-1970s. Harjo was also an active and published poet, as well as a frequent speaker at events around the country. The National Congress of American Indians was particularly active on Capitol Hill while Harjo was director, advocating for government-to-government status, the Tribal Government Tax Status Act of 1983, repatriation legislation, and economic development programs, among other issues. Harjo was herself very involved in the establishment of the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, DC.

The NCAI Fund was very successful in receiving grants during this period, although they were chronically short of operating funds. Some of their most active projects during this period were the Indian and Native Veterans Outreach Program (INVOP), Inter-generational Health Promotion and Education Program (IHPEP), Environmental Handbook and related educational seminars, Solar Bank, nuclear waste disposal and transportation information sessions, and voter registration.

For years, NCAI's operating expenses had been funded by the Ford Foundation and the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). In 1985, the director of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, opposing the use of Federal monies to support outside organizations, began to block the payment for services due to the NCAI. This created a financial crisis from which the NCAI did not recover during Harjo's tenure, and it became the major issue for which she was not rehired in October 1989.

Following the 1989 Annual Convention, Wayne Ducheneaux (Cheyenne River Sioux) became President of NCAI and A. Gay Kingman (Cheyenne River Sioux) was appointed Executive Director. Their first efforts were focused on recovering the financial well-being of the organization, which meant that less attention was devoted to issues in Congress. One of the successful projects NCAI pursued during the next two years was organization and presentation of the Indian pre-conference of the White House Conference on Library and Information Science, which was held in early 1991.

The National Congress of American Indians is still active today, continuing its work of lobbying, support for tribal governments, and advocacy for American Indian issues.
Related Materials:
Other collections at the NMAI Archives Center that include information on the National Congress of American Indians include:

Arrow, Inc., and the American Indian Tribal Court Judges records, 1949-1999 (NMAI.MS.013) James E. Curry papers, 1935-1955 (NMAI.MS.015) National Tribal Chairmen's Association records, 1971-1978 (NMAI.MS.014) Helen L. Peterson papers, 1944-1992 (NMAI.MS.016) Reuben Snake papers, 1971-1996 (NMAI.MS.012)
Provenance:
The National Congress of American Indians designated the National Anthropological Archives (NAA) as its official repository in 1976. This collection was received by NAA in four accessions between 1976 and 1991. It was transferred from NAA to the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center in 2006.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Government relations -- 1934-  Search this
Indians of North America -- Politics and government  Search this
Indians of North America -- Social conditions -- 20th century  Search this
Indians of North America -- Legal status, laws, etc.  Search this
Indian termination policy  Search this
Alaska Natives -- Land tenure  Search this
Indians of North America -- Civil rights  Search this
Indians of North America -- Economic conditions -- 20th century  Search this
Radioactive wastes -- United States -- Management  Search this
Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Videotapes
Correspondence
Administrative records
Financial records
Audiotapes
Clippings
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection Title, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.010
See more items in:
National Congress of American Indians records
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-010
Online Media:

Report of the Department of the Interior for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1907 Volume II Indian affairs, territories

Title:
Indian affairs, territories
Author:
United States Department of the Interior  Search this
United States Office of Indian Affairs  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 706 pages illustrations 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New Mexico
Date:
1907
1869-1934
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Mines and mineral resources  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Call number:
E93 .U558 1907
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1002597

An honest enemy George Crook and the struggle for Indian rights Paul Magid

Author:
Magid, Paul 1940-  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (xiii, 554 pages)
Type:
Biography
Electronic books
Place:
United States
Date:
2020
1866-1895
1869-1934
Topic:
Wars  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Generals  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations  Search this
Indians of North America--Wars  Search this
Call number:
E467.1.C86 M344 2020 (Internet)
Restrictions & Rights:
1-user
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1145280

Documents of Native American political development : 1933 to present edited by David E. Wilkins

Editor:
Wilkins, David E (David Eugene) 1954-  Search this
Author:
ProQuest (Firm)  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (xvii, 520 pages)
Type:
Sources
Date:
2019
Topic:
Indians of North America--Politics and government  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
POLITICAL SCIENCE--Political Freedom & Security--Civil Rights  Search this
POLITICAL SCIENCE--Political Freedom & Security--Human Rights  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations  Search this
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Call number:
E98.T77 D63 2019 (Internet)
Restrictions & Rights:
1-user
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1118677

The relentless business of treaties : how indigenous land became US property / Martin Case

Author:
Case, Martin 1957-  Search this
Physical description:
215 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Type:
Treaties
Place:
United States
Date:
2018
1789-1869
1869-1934
Topic:
Land tenure  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Territorial expansion  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1107781

Oklahoma's Indian New Deal / Jon S. Blackman

Author:
Blackman, Jon S. 1946-  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 225 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Oklahoma
Date:
2013
20th century
Topic:
Legal status, laws, etc--History  Search this
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc--History  Search this
Indians of North America--Treaties  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1110125

The heartbeat of Wounded Knee : native America from 1890 to the present / David Treuer

Title:
Native America from 1890 to the present
Author:
Treuer, David  Search this
Physical description:
512 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
NON - FICTION
Fiction
History
Date:
2019
20th century
21st century
Topic:
History  Search this
Social conditions  Search this
Indians of North America--History  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1110681

Reservations, removal, and reform : the mission Indian agents of southern California, 1878-1903 / Valerie Sherer Mathes and Phil Brigandi

Author:
Mathes, Valerie Sherer 1941-  Search this
Brigandi, Phil 1959-  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 287 pages : illustrations, map, portraits ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
California, Southern
Date:
2018
19th century
1869-1934
Topic:
Indian agents--History  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations  Search this
Indians of North America--Social conditions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1107271

Everything you know about Indians is wrong / Paul Chaat Smith

Author:
Smith, Paul Chaat  Search this
Subject:
Smith, Paul Chaat  Search this
Physical description:
193 pages, 4 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2009
©2009
1934-
Topic:
Cultural assimilation  Search this
Ethnic identity  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_918399

Menominee drums : tribal termination and restoration, 1954-1974 / by Nicholas C. Peroff

Author:
Peroff, Nicholas C  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 282 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1982
C1982
1934-
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Call number:
E99.M44P47 1982X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_271399

The papers of the Society of American Indians [microform] / editor, John W. Larner ; consultants, Charles E. Gillette, Hazel W. Hertzberg

Author:
Larner, John W (John William) 1937-  Search this
Gillette, Charles E  Search this
Hertzberg, Hazel W  Search this
Society of American Indians  Search this
New York State Museum  Search this
Subject:
Society of American Indians Archives  Search this
Physical description:
10 microfilm reels : ill. ; 35 mm
Type:
Microforms
Sources
Date:
1987
[1987]
20th century
1869-1934
Topic:
Cultural assimilation--History--Sources  Search this
Government relations  Search this
History--Sources  Search this
Call number:
MFM 001332
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_479233

The new Indian wars

Author:
Farrell, John A (John Aloysius)  Search this
Richardson, Jim 1947-  Search this
Physical description:
71 pages : color illustrations, portraits ; 35 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1983
[1983?]
1934-
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Economic conditions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_821317

The tortured Americans / by Robert Burnette

Author:
Burnette, Robert 1926-1984  Search this
Erdoes, Richard 1912-2008-  Search this
Physical description:
176, [48] p. of plates : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Rosebud Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
1971
C1971
1934-
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_565258

Sitting Bull ; Gall, the warrior / by Thomas B. Marquis

Author:
Marquis, Thomas Bailey 1869-1935  Search this
Subject:
Sitting Bull 1831-1890  Search this
Gall approximately 1840-1894  Search this
Physical description:
[8] p. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1934
C1934
1869-1934
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_822338

Blood will tell : Native Americans and assimilation policy / Katherine Ellinghaus

Author:
Ellinghaus, Katherine  Search this
Subject:
United States General Allotment Act (1887)  Search this
United States Indian Reorganization Act  Search this
Physical description:
xxx, 199 pages : facsimiles ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2017
Topic:
Ethnic identity  Search this
Tribal citizenship  Search this
Mixed descent  Search this
Indian allotments--History  Search this
Land tenure  Search this
Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Indians of North America--Cultural assimilation--History  Search this
Blood quantum  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1090865

American Indians and the rhetoric of removal and allotment / Jason Edward Black

Author:
Black, Jason Edward  Search this
Subject:
United States General Allotment Act (1887)  Search this
Physical description:
x, 214 pages ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2015
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Indians of North America--Government relations--History  Search this
Rhetoric--Political aspects--History  Search this
Indian Removal, 1813-1903  Search this
Indian allotments--Law and legislation--History  Search this
Decolonization--History  Search this
Citizenship--History  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Call number:
E93 .B6 2015
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1081648

Carbine & lance; the story of old Fort Sill, by W.S. Nye

Author:
Nye, Wilbur Sturtevant 1898-1970  Search this
Physical description:
xxi, 361 pages illustrations, maps, plans, portraits 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Great Plains
Fort Sill (Okla.)
Date:
1969
[1969]
1869-1934
Topic:
Wars  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1088702

In total resistance : statements and poetry from Leonard Peltier, Standing Deer, Bobby Garcia and others

Author:
Peltier, Leonard  Search this
Standing Deer  Search this
Garcia, Bobby Gene d. 1980  Search this
Subject:
Peltier, Leonard  Search this
Standing Deer  Search this
Garcia, Bobby Gene d. 1980  Search this
American Indian Movement  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : ill., ports. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1994
[1994]
1934-
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Prisoners' writings, American  Search this
Call number:
E99.O3 P453 1994
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_804904

The American Indian: a rising ethnic force, edited by Herbert L. Marx, Jr

Author:
Marx, Herbert L  Search this
Physical description:
188 p. 20 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1973
1934-
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_815304

Still running : a tribute to Maria Pearson, Yankton Sioux / edited by David Mayer Gradwohl, Joe B. Thompson and Michael J. Perry

Title:
Tribute to Maria Pearson, Yankton Sioux
Author:
Gradwohl, David M. 1934-  Search this
Thompson, Joe B  Search this
Perry, Michael J  Search this
Iowa Archeological Society  Search this
Iowa Office of State Archaeologist  Search this
Subject:
Pearson, Maria D. 1932-2003  Search this
Physical description:
91 p. : ill ; 28 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
Iowa
Date:
2005
1934-
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Funeral customs and rites  Search this
Human remains (Archaeology)--Repatriation  Search this
Call number:
E78.I6 S75 2005
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_824266

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By