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Oral history interview with Fritz Scholder, 1995 March 3-30

Interviewee:
Scholder, Fritz W., 1937-2005  Search this
Scholder, Fritz W., 1937-2005  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J  Search this
Subject:
Green, Robert B.  Search this
Thiebaud, Wayne  Search this
Horowitch, Elaine  Search this
Baskin, Leonard  Search this
Martin, Agnes  Search this
Price, Vincent  Search this
Lauren, Ralph  Search this
Loloma, Charles  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia  Search this
Howe, Oscar  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painters -- Arizona -- Scottsdale -- Interviews  Search this
Sculptors -- Arizona -- Scottsdale -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- Southwest, New -- Interviews  Search this
Sculptors -- Southwest, New -- Interviews  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New -- Art  Search this
Theme:
Native American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11647
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215842
AAA_collcode_schold95
Theme:
Native American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215842
Online Media:

Bifacial tool/projectile point

Culture/People:
probably Late Archaic Tradition (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Possible collector:
Robert Shackleton, Jr., Non-Indian, 1860-1923  Search this
Previous owner:
Robert Shackleton, Jr., Non-Indian, 1860-1923  Search this
Seller:
Robert Shackleton, Jr., Non-Indian, 1860-1923  Search this
Object Name:
Bifacial tool/projectile point
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Flaked/chipped
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
Fort Mountain; Murray County; Georgia; USA
Date created:
4000-500 BC (Late Archaic period)
Catalog Number:
1/45
Barcode:
010045.001
See related items:
Late Archaic Tradition (archaeological culture)
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws693d9f3f6-4f81-42e9-b13b-bfc3c430b9c8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_10880
Online Media:

Victor and Cosmos Mindeleff photographs of Pueblo architecture

Photographer:
Mindeleff, Victor, 1860-1948  Search this
Mindeleff, Cosmos, 1863-  Search this
Extent:
5 Mounted prints (albumen)
Culture:
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Photographs
Date:
circa 1885
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made by Victor and Cosmos Mindeleff, possibly as part of their studies of Pueblo architecture. They depict houses and ovens at Pescado, New Mexico, and a Hopi house at Moenkopi, Arizona.
Biographical/Historical note:
In the 1880s, Victor Mindeleff (1860-1948) was employed by the Bureau of American Ethnology to conduct studies of Pueblo architecture. He hired His brother, Cosmos Mindeleff (1863-1938), to be his assistant. They worked at Zuni, Acoma, and Hopi villages, as well as among the Navajo; at ruins at Kin Tiel, Canyon de Chelly, and Chaco Canyon; and at Etowah Mound in Georgia.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 83-14
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Mindeleff photographs can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 4362, Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 28, Photo Lot 40, Photo Lot 78, and the BAE historical negatives.
Victor Mindeleff's manuscript on the Origin of Pueblo architecture and correspondence describing his fieldwork can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the records of the Department of Anthropology.
Mindeleff sketches, plans, and drawings relating to Pueblo architecture can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 2138, MS 2926, and MS 2621.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Dwellings  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 83-14, Victor and Cosmos Mindeleff photographs of Pueblo architecture, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.83-14
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-83-14

Victor Mindeleff photograph albums relating to Pueblo architecture

Creator:
Mindeleff, Victor, 1860-1948  Search this
Photographer:
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Mindeleff, Cosmos, 1863-  Search this
Extent:
383 Prints (circa 383 prints, 3 photo albums, albumen )
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Place:
Arizona
New Mexico
Date:
circa 1879-1887
Scope and Contents note:
Three photograph albums made by Victor Mindeleff documenting pueblo architecture, villages, and people. Some photographs, including those published in the Eighth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology, were made by Hillers, according to notations on file prints in Bureau of American Ethnology.
Biographical/Historical note:
In the 1880s, Victor Mindeleff (1860-1948) was employed by the Bureau of American Ethnology to conduct studies of Pueblo architecture. He hired His brother, Cosmos Mindeleff (1863-1938), to be his assistant. They worked at Zuni, Acoma, and Hopi villages, as well as among the Navajo; at ruins at Kin Tiel, Canyon de Chelly, and Chaco Canyon; and at Etowah Mound in Georgia. Victor Mindeleff left the BAE in 1890 for a career in architecture.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4362
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Original negatives for some of these photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 14.
Additional Mindeleff photographs can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 28, Photo Lot 40, Photo Lot 78, and the BAE historical negatives.
Victor Mindeleff's manuscript, Origins of Pueblo Architecture (1887), and correspondence describing his fieldwork can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the records of the Department of Anthropology.
Aditional Mindeleff sketches, plans, and drawings relating to Pueblo architecture held in MS 2138 and MS 2621] in the National Anthropological Archives.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Sketches and ground plans, also made by Victor Mindeleff or his brother Cosmos, were sent to the Bureau of American Ethnology with these photograph albums. They now form MS 2926 in the National Anthropological Archives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Cliff-dwellings  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Pueblos  Search this
Dwellings  Search this
Citation:
Photo Lot 4362, Victor Mindeleff photograph albums relating to Pueblo architecture, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4362
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4362

William C. Sturtevant papers

Topic:
Handbook of North American Indians
Creator:
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Six Nations  Search this
Extent:
220 Linear feet (The total extent of the collection is 191.41 linear feet (consisting of 473 document boxes and 2 record boxes) plus 254 sound recordings, 94 computer disks, 42 card file boxes, 85 oversize folders, 9 rolled items, 18 binder boxes, and 3 oversize boxes. Of the total extent, 4.79 linear feet (14 boxes) are restricted.)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Realia
Research
Notes
Office files
Theses
Slides (photographs)
Sound recordings
Exhibition catalogs
Field notes
Clippings
Correspondence
Photographs
Microfilms
Newsletters
Manuscripts
Memorandums
Articles
Card files
Books
Artifacts
Negatives
Date:
1952-2007
Summary:
This collection contains the professional papers of William Curtis Sturtevant and documents his activities as Curator of North American Ethnology at the National Museum of Natural History, his work as the editor-in-chief of the Handbook of North American Indians, his research among the Seminole and Iroquois people, and other professional activities. The collection is comprised of books, sound recordings, research and field notes, realia, artifacts, clippings, microfilm, negatives, slides, photographs, manuscripts, correspondence, memorandums, card files, exhibition catalogs, articles, and bibliographies.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains the professional papers of William Curtis Sturtevant and documents his activities as Curator of North American Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History, his work as the editor-in-chief of the Handbook of North American Indians, his research among the Seminole and Iroquois people, and his involvement in various professional activities. The collection is comprised of research and field notes, sound recordings, realia, clippings, negatives, slides, prints, published and unpublished writings, correspondence, memorandums, conference papers and meeting notes, card files, exhibition catalogs, articles, bibliographies, student files such as class notes and papers from Sturtevant's years as an anthropology student, teaching materials including lecture notes and exams, daily planners, passports, military records, artwork including prints and lithographs, maps, and computer files.

The materials in this collection document Sturtevant's career as a preeminent North American ethnologist, museum curator, university professor, his role as General Editor of the Handbook of North American Indians, and his contributions to the field of Anthropology. From his early work with the Seminole Indians of Florida to his forays into Burma, and his decades-long study of how Native Americans have been depicted in artistic and popular culture, Sturtevant's diverse intellectual interests are represented in his research files. A copious note taker, Sturtevant captured his observations and opinions of everything from meetings with colleagues to museum exhibits. Sturtevant's commitment to the anthropological profession can be found in the notes and programs of the many conferences, symposiums, and lecture series he attended and at which he presented. He also held numerous leadership positions in various professional associations and sat on the board of directors/trustees for several cultural organizations including Survival International and the Museum of the American Indian-Heye Foundation. Sturtevant was respected for his vast knowledge of indigenous peoples and he received a voluminous amount of correspondence from colleagues who often included copies of their papers and grant proposals. He kept many of these works, which, it appears he used as reference material. Sturtevant's own work is reflected in his writings; he published over 200 scholarly papers, articles, and books.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized in 14 series: 1. Correspondence, 1951-2008; 2. Research Files, 1851, 1860s, 1880s, 1890, 1939-2006; 3. Writings, 1952-2006; 4. Professional Activities, 1952-2006; 5. Smithsonian, 1954-2008; 6. Handbook of North American Indians, 1971-2007; 7. Biographical Files, 1933-2007; 8. Student Files, 1944-1985; 9. Subject Files, 1902-2002; 10. Photographs, 1927-2004; 11. Artwork, 1699-1998; 12. Maps, 1949-1975; 13. Sound Recordings, 1950-2000; 14. Computer Files, 1987-2006.
Biographical/Historical note:
William C. Sturtevant (1926-2007), preeminent North American ethnologist, museum curator, and university professor, was best known for his contributions to Seminole ethnology, as curator of North American Ethnology in the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History, and for his work as the general editor of the Handbook of North American Indians.

Sturtevant's passion for studying Native peoples began at a young age. In third grade "after a class on American Indians, he asked his father what kind of people study Indians, and his father replied, 'Anthropologists.' Sturtevant decided then that he would make anthropology his career" (Merrill 11). After graduating with honors from the University of California at Berkeley in 1949, Sturtevant went on to Yale University to complete his graduate work in anthropology. When it came time to decide on what area of North America he should focus his research, one of his faculty members at Yale, Irving Rouse, "suggested he consider the Seminoles of south Florida. By the end of his first fieldwork season, Sturtevant was convinced that the dearth of ethnographic information about these Seminoles and their status as one of the least acculturated of all North American Indian societies justified ethnographic research among them and offered the possibility of making an important contribution to North American ethnology" (Merrill 13). Sturtevant spent the summers of 1950 and 1951 conducting preliminary fieldwork among the Mikasuki-speaking Seminole and in 1952 he took up temporary residence at Big Cypress Reservation to undertake research for his dissertation, "The Mikasuki Seminole: Medical Beliefs and Practices." This work focused on Seminole medicine, but also included Sturtevant's analysis of Seminole worldview, religion, history, inter-ethnic relations, material culture, economy, kinship, language, and social organization.

In 1954, while he was finishing his dissertation, Sturtevant made the transition from student of anthropology to professional anthropologist. He was hired as an instructor in Yale's Anthropology Department and began his career in museum work as an assistant curator of anthropology at the Yale Peabody Museum. After receiving his PhD from Yale in 1955, Sturtevant moved on to the Smithsonian Institution, where he accepted a position as a research anthropologist at the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE). This position afforded Sturtevant the chance to continue to explore his many research interests in ways that a full time professorship or museum curatorship could not. Over the next ten years he studied the Catawba in South Carolina; the Seneca and Cayuga nations of the Iroquois League in New York, Oklahoma, and Ontario; continued his work with the Seminole; visited European museums to examine early ethnographic examples and possible European prototypes of eastern North American Indian material culture; and spent a year in Burma. In 1963, Sturtevant and his wife, Theda Maw, the daughter of a prominent Burmese family, took their three young children to Burma so that they could visit with Maw's family. Sturtevant took this as an opportunity to branch out from his Native American research and spent the year visiting neighborhoods in Rangoon and villages in the surrounding countryside, examining archival materials, studying the Burmese language, learning about Burmese clothing and other aspects of the culture, and taking photographs. He also collected 386 items of clothing and other objects for the Smithsonian.

When Sturtevant returned from Burma, he found the BAE had been dissolved. In 1965, he was transferred from the now-defunct BAE to the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), where he became curator of North American Ethnology, a position he held for the next forty-two years. During his tenure at NMNH Sturtevant oversaw all the North American ethnology collections, planned exhibitions, served on committees, and sponsored interns and fellows. One of Sturtevant's primary duties at NMNH was serving as the General Editor of the Handbook of North American Indians, "a major multi-volume reference work summarizing anthropological, linguistic, and historical knowledge about native peoples north of Mexico" (Jackson). Each volume was designed to represent a geographic or topical area of Americanist study. As General Editor, Sturtevant selected volume editors, chapter authors, oversaw office staff, and proofread manuscripts over the course of production.

Besides focusing on the Handbook, much of Sturtevant's time was taken up by responsibilities he held outside the Institution. Sturtevant was extremely involved in professional anthropological associations and held many leadership positions. Fresh out of graduate school, he began a three-year term on the Board of Governors of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1957. He later became a member of the executive committee of the Florida Anthropological Society, served as book-review editor and associate editor of the American Anthropologist from 1962-1968, was a member of the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Anthropological Research in Museums and was both vice president and president of the committee once it became the Council for Museum Anthropology, was on the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Archives, served three terms on the Board of Trustees of the Museum of the American Indian-Heye Foundation from 1976-1982 and was appointed to a fourth term between 1984 and 1986, and sat on the Board of Directors of Survival International from 1982-1988. He was President of the American Society for Ethnohistory, the American Ethnological Society, the American Anthropological Association, and the Anthropological Society of Washington. Sturtevant also taught classes at Johns Hopkins University as an adjunct professor in the Department of Anthropology, served as a consultant on exhibits at other museums, and reviewed manuscripts for scholarly publications.

Sturtevant remained active in the profession throughout his later years. After divorcing Theda Maw in 1986, he married Sally McLendon, a fellow anthropologist, in 1990 and they undertook several research projects together. Sturtevant was recognized for his dedication and contributions to the field of anthropology in 1996 when he was awarded an honorary doctorate in humane letters by Brown University, and in 2002 when his colleagues published a festschrift in his honor, Anthropology, History, and American Indians: Essays in Honor of William Curtis Sturtevant.

Sturtevant died on March 2, 2007 at the Collingswood Nursing and Rehabilitation Center in Rockville, MD after suffering from emphysema.

Sources Consulted

Estrada, Louie. 2007. William C. Sturtevant; Expert on Indians. Washington Post, March 17. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/03/16/AR2007031602273.html, accessed August 31, 2012.

Jackson, Jason Baird. 2007. William C. Sturtevant (1926-2007). http://museumanthropology.blogspot.com/2007/03/william-c-sturtevant-1926-2007.html, accessed August 31, 2012.

Merrill, William L. 2002. William Curtis Sturtevant, Anthropologist. In Anthropology, History, and American Indians: Essays in Honor of William Curtis Sturtevant. William L. Merrill and Ives Goddard, eds. Pp. 11-36. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

1926 -- Born July 26 in Morristown, NJ

1944 -- Entered the University of California at Berkeley as a second-semester freshman

1944 -- Attended summer school at the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico in Mexico City where he took courses on Mexican archaeology and South American ethnology

1945 -- Drafted into the United States Navy

1946 -- Received an honorable discharge from the Navy with the rank of pharmacist's mate third class and returned to UC Berkeley

1947 -- Attended the University of New Mexico's summer field school in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico

1949 -- January: Received his Bachelor's degree with honors in anthropology from UC Berkeley

1949 -- Began graduate studies at Yale University

1950-1951 -- Spent the summers of 1950 and 1951 in Florida conducting fieldwork among the Mikasuki-speaking Seminole

1951 -- Conducted his first research study of the Iroquois, a classification of Seneca musical instruments, their construction and use, with Harold Conklin

1952 -- May: Moved to Big Cypress Reservation in Florida to conduct research for his dissertation. He focused on Seminole medicine, but also collected physical anthropological data such as blood-type frequencies, handedness, and color blindness

1952 -- July 26: Married Theda Maw

1954 -- Hired by Yale University as an instructor in the Department of Anthropology and as an assistant curator of anthropology in the Yale Peabody Museum

1955 -- Received PhD in anthropology from Yale University

1956 -- Joined the staff of the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) as a research anthropologist

1957 -- Began a three-year term on the Board of Governors of the Anthropological Society of Washington

1957 -- Traveled to Rock Hill, South Carolina to collect linguistic data from Sam Blue, the last member of the Catawba tribe to have maintained some proficiency in the Catawba language. While there, he made a small collection of Catawba pottery for the United States National Museum

1957-1958 -- Spent seven weeks continuing his research among the New York Seneca

1959 -- Returned to Florida to study Seminole ethnobotany. He also collected ethnographic materials, especially objects made for the tourist market, which he deposited in the United States National Museum

1959-1960 -- Member of the executive committee of the Florida Anthropological Society

1960 -- July and August: Visited 17 European museums to examine early ethnographic examples and possible European prototypes of eastern North American Indian material culture

1961-1962 -- Spent the summers of these years conducting ethnographic fieldwork among the Seneca-Cayuga in Oklahoma

1962 -- October: Visited the Six Nations Reserve in Ontario, Canada to conduct fieldwork among the Seneca and Cayuga there

1962-1968 -- Book-review editor and associate editor of the American Anthropologist

1963 -- October: Spent the year in Burma; visited neighborhoods in Rangoon and villages in the surrounding countryside, examined photographs in several archives, studied the Burmese language, and read extensively about the country's history and culture. Assembled notes on Burmese clothing and other aspects of the culture, took hundreds of photographs, and made a collection of 386 items of clothing and other objects for the Smithsonian

1964 -- Visited Inle Lake in the Southern Shan States southeast of Mandalay, where he examined local approaches to artificial island agriculture

1964-1981 -- Became a member of the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Anthropological Research in Museums, which became the Council for Museum Anthropology in 1974. Sturtevant was the Council's first vice president, serving two terms between 1974 and 1978, and was its president from 1978 to 1981

1965 -- Became curator of North American Ethnology in the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History after the dissolution of the BAE

1965-1966 -- President of the American Society for Ethnohistory

1966 -- Named the editor of the Handbook of North American Indians

1967-1968 -- Fulbright scholar and lecturer at Oxford University's Institute of Social Anthropology

1969 -- Began serving on the American Anthropological Association's Committee on Archives

1974-1989 -- Adjunct Professor in the Department of Anthropology at Johns Hopkins University

1976-1982 -- Served three terms on the Board of Trustees of the Museum of the American Indian-Heye Foundation and was appointed to a fourth term between 1984 and 1986

1977 -- President of the American Ethnological Society

1980-1981 -- President of the American Anthropological Association

1981 -- Spent part of the spring semester at the University of California Berkeley as a Regents Lecturer

1982-1988 -- Board of Directors of Survival International

1986 -- Divorced Theda Maw

1986-1987 -- Smithsonian Fellow at Oxford University's Worcester College

1990 -- Married Sally McLendon

1992 -- President of the Anthropological Society of Washington

1996 -- Awarded an honorary doctorate in humane letters at Brown University

2007 -- Died March 2 in Rockville, MD
Related Materials:
Other materials relating to William C. Sturtevant at the National Anthropological Archives are included in the following collections:

Manuscript 4504

Manuscript 4595

Manuscript 4806

Manuscript 4821

Manuscript 4972

Manuscript 7045

Photo Lot 59

Photo Lot 79-51

Photo Lot 80-3

Photo Lot 81R

Photo Lot 86-68 (6)

Photo Lot 86-68 (7)

American Society for Ethnohistory records

Committee on Anthropological Research in Museum Records

Handbook of North American Indians records

Records of the Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History

Gordon Davis Gibson Papers, Sound Recordings

SPC Se Powhatan Confederacy Mattapony BAE No # 01790700

DOE Oceania:Amer Poly:Hi:Hawaiian Helmet:Sturtevant 04913800

DOE Oceania:Amer Poly:Hi:Hawaiian Helmet:Sturtevant 04913900

DOE Oceania:Amer Poly:Hi:Hawaiian Helmet:Sturtevant 04914000

Negative MNH 1530

Negative MNH 1530 B

Sturtevant is listed as a correspondent in the following NAA collections:

Administrative file, 1949-1965, Records of the Bureau of American Ethnology

John Lawrence Angel Papers

James Henri Howard Papers

Donald Jayne Lehmer Papers

John Victor Murra Papers

Records of the Society for American Archaeology

Albert Clanton Spaulding Papers

Waldo Rudolph Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel Papers

Copies of sound recordings made by William C. Sturtevant can be found at The California Language Archive at UC Berkeley in two collections, The William Sturtevant collection of Creek/Seminole sound recordings, which includes 31 minutes of Northern Muskogean linguistic field recordings from 1951, and The William Sturtevant collection of Mikasuki sound recordings, which includes 33 minutes of Mikasuki linguistic field recordings from 1951. Two sound tape reels of Seminole music Sturtevant recorded in Florida in 1951 can be found at Wesleyan University's World Music Archives. Folk songs on these recordings include "Scalping Sickness," "Bear Sickness with blowing," "Bear sickness without blowing," "Lullaby," "Feather Dance," "Snake Dance," and "Crazy Dance." Performers include Josie Billie, Lee Cypress, Harvey Jumper, Boy Jim, Charlie (Johnny?) Cypress, Little Tiger Tail, Billy Ossiola, and Charlie Billy Boy.
Separated Materials:
One video tape, "Seminole History and Tradition", was transferred to the Human Studies Film Archives. Series 2.2, Tukabahchee Plate: Glass negative of spectrogram from FBI (Box 135), removed for storage with other glass plate negatives.
Provenance:
These papers were transferred to the National Anthropological Archives by the Department of Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History.
Restrictions:
Files containing Sturtevant's students' grades have been restricted, as have his students' and colleagues' grant and fellowships applications. Restricted files were separated and placed at the end of their respective series in boxes 87, 264, 322, 389-394, 435-436, 448, 468, and 483. For preservation reasons, his computer files are also restricted. Seminole sound recordings are restricted. Access to the William C. Sturtevant Papers requires an apointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Botany  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
History  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Realia
Research
Notes
Office files
Theses
Slides (photographs)
Sound recordings
Exhibition catalogs
Field notes
Clippings
Correspondence
Photographs
Microfilms
Newsletters
Manuscripts
Memorandums
Articles
Card files
Books
Artifacts
Negatives
Citation:
William C. Sturtevant papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2008-24
See more items in:
William C. Sturtevant papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2008-24
Online Media:

Pipe bowl

Culture/People:
probably Southeast (archaeological) (attributed)  Search this
Excavator:
Captain James Hall Nichols (Captain J. H. Nichols), Non-Indian, 1835-1897  Search this
Previous owner:
Anna Ruby Payne (Anna Ruby Nichols/Mrs. George F. Payne), Non-Indian, 1860-1947  Search this
George F. Payne (George Frederick Payne), Non-Indian, 1853-1923  Search this
Seller:
Anna Ruby Payne (Anna Ruby Nichols/Mrs. George F. Payne), Non-Indian, 1860-1947  Search this
George F. Payne (George Frederick Payne), Non-Indian, 1853-1923  Search this
Object Name:
Pipe bowl
Media/Materials:
Steatite/soapstone
Techniques:
Carved, drilled
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Nacoochee Valley; White County; Georgia; USA
Date created:
probably AD 1600-1700
Catalog Number:
4/7572
Barcode:
047572.000
See related items:
Southeast (archaeological)
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6b7bc1ab2-cf7f-4de2-b10d-b16c4c147be9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_51456
Online Media:

Pipe bowl

Culture/People:
possibly South Appalachian Mississippian: Lamar (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Expedition:
Nacoochee Mound Expedition (1915)  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
George Gustav Heye (GGH), Non-Indian, 1874-1957  Search this
Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE), 1879-1965  Search this
Expedition leader:
George Gustav Heye (GGH), Non-Indian, 1874-1957  Search this
Object Name:
Pipe bowl
Media/Materials:
Pottery
Techniques:
Modeled
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Nacoochee Mound (Hardman Mound); Nacoochee; White County; Georgia; USA
Date created:
AD 1450-1600 (Late Mississippian period)
Catalog Number:
4/9794
Barcode:
049794.000
See related items:
South Appalachian Mississippian: Lamar (archaeological culture)
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws654446722-7316-4331-818e-b06a817dc1e5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_53641
Online Media:

Festival Recordings: South Studio Stage: Ulali; Freedom Singers; Warwick with Louisiana Hayride Band

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. The American South Program 1996 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Patten, Marian (recorder)  Search this
Dennie, David (recorder)  Search this
Performer:
Kreisberg, Jennifer  Search this
Fikes, Betty Mae  Search this
Harris, Rutha  Search this
Warwick, Margaret Lewis  Search this
Franks, Tillman  Search this
Ulali (Musical group)  Search this
Pura Fé  Search this
Freedom Singers  Search this
Louisiana Hayride Band  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (compact audio cassette)
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Americans  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Tuscarora Indians  Search this
African American  Search this
Anglo-American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
North Carolina
New York
Georgia
Mississippi
Alabama
Louisiana
Shreveport (La.)
Date:
1996 July 5
Track Information:
101 Contemporary Native American A Cappella / Ulali (Musical group), Jennifer Kreisberg, Pura Fé.

102 Songs of Stuggle / Freedom Singers, Bettie Mae Fikes, Rutha Harris.

103 Country / Louisiana Hayride Band, Margaret Lewis Warwick, Tillman Franks. Hawaiian guitar,Keyboards (Music),Guitar,Fiddle.
Local Numbers:
FP-1996-CT-0032
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, July 5, 1996.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Acappella Vocal Band  Search this
Gospel music  Search this
Topical songs  Search this
Struggle  Search this
Country music  Search this
Hawaiian guitar  Search this
Keyboards (Music)  Search this
Guitar  Search this
Violin  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1996 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1996, Item FP-1996-CT-0032
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1996 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1996 Festival of American Folklife / Series 2: The American South / 2.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1996-ref582

Festival Recordings: South Music Stage: Gospel: Arnold Richardson; Doug & Frankie Quimby; Henson Brooks; Spiritual Tones

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. The American South Program 1996 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Brugman, David (recorder)  Search this
Laronga, Steve (recorder)  Search this
Performer:
Richardson, Arnold  Search this
Quimby, Douglas, 1936-2007  Search this
Quimby, Frankie  Search this
Brooks, Henson  Search this
Campars, Russell  Search this
Spiritual Tones (Musical group)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (compact audio cassette)
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Americans  Search this
Catawba Indians  Search this
African American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Kentucky
London (Ky.)
Georgia
Brunswick (Ga.)
Maryland
Salisbury (Md.)
Date:
1996 July 7
Track Information:
101 African-American Gospel / Arnold Richardson. Flute.

102 Sea Island Songs / Douglas Quimby, Frankie Quimby.

103 African-American Gospel / Spiritual Tones (Musical group), Henson Brooks, Russell Campars. Keyboards (Music).
Local Numbers:
FP-1996-CT-0078
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, July 7, 1996.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Gospel music  Search this
Storytelling  Search this
Sea Islands -- Songs and music  Search this
Flute  Search this
Keyboards (Music)  Search this
Sea Islands  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1996 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1996, Item FP-1996-CT-0078
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1996 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1996 Festival of American Folklife / Series 2: The American South / 2.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1996-ref628

Oral history interview with Fritz Scholder

Interviewee:
Scholder, Fritz, 1937-2005  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Names:
Baskin, Leonard, 1922-2000  Search this
Green, Robert B.  Search this
Horowitch, Elaine  Search this
Howe, Oscar, 1915-1983  Search this
Lauren, Ralph  Search this
Loloma, Charles, 1921-  Search this
Martin, Agnes, 1912-2004  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia , 1887-1986  Search this
Price, Vincent, 1911-1993  Search this
Thiebaud, Wayne  Search this
Extent:
100 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1995 March 3-30
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Fritz Scholder conducted 1995 March 3-30, by Paul Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art.
Scholder discusses his family background and growing up in parallel worlds of Anglo and Indian cultures and the frustration of western versus tribal life; his education in Lawrence, Kan. and the University of Wisconsin; moving to California; his father's job as head of Indian relocation; studying at the Indian art program at the University of Arizona, Arizona State University, and the Indian Art Institute in Santa Fe, N.M.; his views on Indians in general and the difficulty of operating in the mainstream art world; his travels and search for adventure in Europe and Egypt; the importance of magic and the occult in his work; myths as a basis for human experience; art as an agent of social change; objections of Indian groups to his work; and his experience as an Indian role model while not part of the movement. He recalls Robert B. Green, Wayne Thiebaud, Ralph Lauren, Vincent Price, Georgia O'Keeffe, Charles Loloma, Agnes Martin, Elaine Horowitch, and Leonard Baskin.
Biographical / Historical:
Fritz Scholder (1937-2005) was a painter and sculptor from Scottsdale, Ariz.
General:
Originally recorded on 7 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 12 digital wav files. Duration is 6 hr., 11 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Painters -- Arizona -- Scottsdale -- Interviews  Search this
Sculptors -- Arizona -- Scottsdale -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- Southwest, New -- Interviews  Search this
Sculptors -- Southwest, New -- Interviews  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New -- Art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.schold95
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-schold95

Festival Recordings: AFS Centennial Stage: What Folklore Is and Isn't?; American Indian Folklore (Green, Dauenhauer, Widdiss

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. American Folklore Society Centennial Program 1988 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Artist:
Lloyd, Timothy, 1951-  Search this
Long, Worth W.  Search this
Wilson, Joe, 1938-2015  Search this
Green , Rayna, Curator, 1942-  Search this
Dauenhauer, Nora  Search this
Dauenhauer, Richard  Search this
Widdiss, Gladys, 1914-2012  Search this
Performer:
Long, Worth W.  Search this
Wilson, Joe, 1938-2015  Search this
Green , Rayna, Curator, 1942-  Search this
Dauenhauer, Nora  Search this
Dauenhauer, Richard  Search this
Widdiss, Gladys, 1914-2012  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (compact audio cassette)
1 Sound recording (sound-tape reel, analog, 7 in.)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Massachusetts
Gay Head (Mass.)
Alaska
Georgia
Date:
1988 June 25
Track Information:
101 American Indian Folklore / Gladys Widdiss, Nora Dauenhauer, Rayna Green, Richard Dauenhauer.

102 What Folklore Is and Isn't? / Rayna Green, Joe Wilson, Worth W. Long.
Local Numbers:
FP-1988-7RR-0102
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, June 25, 1988.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Wampanoag Indians  Search this
Folklore -- Study and teaching  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1988 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1988, Item FP-1988-7RR-0102
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1988 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1988 Festival of American Folklife / Series 2: American Folklore Society Centennial / Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1988-ref584

Festival Recordings: Narrative Stage: Ways of Our Grandmothers; Ceremonial Songs; Transforming Traditions

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Heartbeat Program 1995 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Kolker, Alex (recorder)  Search this
Artist:
Meanus, Mary Ann  Search this
George, Anita Anquoe  Search this
Bowannie, Cornelia  Search this
Hess, Pat  Search this
Wettlin-Larsen, Georgia  Search this
Moreno-Primeau, Soni  Search this
Olla Maidens (Musical group)  Search this
Ulali (Musical group)  Search this
Performer:
Meanus, Mary Ann  Search this
George, Anita Anquoe  Search this
Bowannie, Cornelia  Search this
Hess, Pat  Search this
Wettlin-Larsen, Georgia  Search this
Moreno-Primeau, Soni  Search this
Olla Maidens (Musical group)  Search this
Ulali (Musical group)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (compact audio cassette)
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Wasco Indians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Aztecs  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Warm Springs (Or.)
Zuni (N.M.)
Oregon
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Canada
Ontario
Sapulpa (Okla.)
Wisconsin
New York
River Falls (Wis.)
Staten Island (New York, N.Y.)
Arizona
Date:
1995 June 30
Track Information:
101 Ways of Our Grandmothers / Olla Maidens (Musical group), Mary Ann Meanus. Hand drums.

102 Ceremonial Songs / Anita Anquoe George, Cornelia Bowannie, Pat Hess.

103 Transforming Traditions / Ulali (Musical group), Georgia Wettlin-Larsen, Soni Moreno-Primeau. Drum.
Local Numbers:
FP-1995-CT-0497
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, June 30, 1995.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Folksong revival  Search this
Singer-Songwriters  Search this
Hand drums  Search this
Drum  Search this
Gender  Search this
Weaving  Search this
Family  Search this
Generations  Search this
Jewelry  Search this
Religion  Search this
Longhouses  Search this
language  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Folklore  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Makah Indians  Search this
Tuscarora Indians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1995, Item FP-1995-CT-0497
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife / Series 4: Heartbeat: The Voices of First Nations Women / 4.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1995-ref852

Festival Recordings: Narrative Stage: Transforming Traditions; Powwow Songs

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Heartbeat Program 1995 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Kolker, Alex (recorder)  Search this
Performer:
Moreno-Primeau, Soni  Search this
Wettlin-Larsen, Georgia  Search this
George, Anita Anquoe  Search this
Stacey, Bernadine  Search this
Anquoe, Mary Ann, 1931-2002  Search this
Ulali (Musical group)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (compact audio cassette)
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Americans  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Aztecs  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Wyoming
New York
Staten Island (New York, N.Y.)
River Falls (Wyo.)
Oklahoma
Sapulpa (Okla.)
Tulsa (Okla.)
Wind River (Wyo. : River)
Date:
1995 June 30
Track Information:
101 Transforming Traditions / Soni Moreno-Primeau, Ulali (Musical group), Georgia Wettlin-Larsen. Drum.

102 Powwow Songs / Anita Anquoe George, Bernadine Stacey, Mary Ann Anquoe.
Local Numbers:
FP-1995-CT-0498
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, June 30, 1995.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Drum  Search this
Folklore  Search this
Makah Indians  Search this
Tuscarora Indians  Search this
Gender  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Powwows  Search this
Veterans  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1995, Item FP-1995-CT-0498
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife / Series 4: Heartbeat: The Voices of First Nations Women / 4.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1995-ref853

Festival Recordings: Narrative Stage: Ways of Our Grandmothers; Called to the Drum

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Heartbeat Program 1995 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Ireland, Carol (recorder)  Search this
Malech, Pam (recorder)  Search this
Performer:
Wettlin-Larsen, Georgia  Search this
Barney, Geraldine  Search this
Martin, Janice  Search this
George, Anita Anquoe  Search this
Red Eagle Singers  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (compact audio cassette)
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Americans  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Wisconsin
New Mexico
Canada
Tohatchi (N.M.)
Ontario
River Falls (Wis.)
Oklahoma
Wyoming
Sapulpa (Okla.)
Wind River (Wyo. : River)
Date:
1995 July 1
Track Information:
101 Ways of Our Grandmothers / Georgia Wettlin-Larsen, Geraldine Barney, Janice Martin.

102 Called to the Drum / Red Eagle Singers, Anita Anquoe George.
Local Numbers:
FP-1995-CT-0499
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, July 1, 1995.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Folksong revival  Search this
Singer-Songwriters  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Identity (Philosophical concept)  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Gender  Search this
Generations  Search this
language  Search this
War  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1995, Item FP-1995-CT-0499
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife / Series 4: Heartbeat: The Voices of First Nations Women / 4.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1995-ref854

Festival Recordings: Narrative Stage: Ways of Our Grandmothers; Assiniboine and Ojibwa Songs; Encounters: Generations

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Heartbeat Program 1995 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Ireland, Carol (recorder)  Search this
Malech, Pam (recorder)  Search this
Performer:
Meanus, Mary Ann  Search this
Wettlin-Larsen, Georgia  Search this
Kostrikin, George G.  Search this
Simon, Reverend Pimen  Search this
Olla Maidens (Musical group)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (compact audio cassette)
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Wasco Indians  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Russian Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Warm Springs (Or.)
Oregon
Wisconsin
River Falls (Wis.)
Pennsylvania
California
Erie (Pa.)
Redwood City (Calif.)
Zuni (N.M.)
New Mexico
Arizona
Date:
1995 July 1
Track Information:
101 Ways of Our Grandmothers / Mary Ann Meanus.

102 Assiniboine and Ojibwa Songs / Georgia Wettlin-Larsen. Hand drums.

103 Festival Encounters: Music Through Generations / Olla Maidens (Musical group), George G. Kostrikin, Reverend Pimen Simon.
Local Numbers:
FP-1995-CT-0501
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, July 1, 1995.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Folksong revival  Search this
Singer-Songwriters  Search this
Hand drums  Search this
Gender  Search this
Generations  Search this
Family  Search this
Harvest  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1995, Item FP-1995-CT-0501
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife / Series 4: Heartbeat: The Voices of First Nations Women / 4.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1995-ref856

Festival Recordings: Narrative Stage: Zuni Pottery Songs; Ways of Our Grandmothers

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Heartbeat Program 1995 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Fries, Colin (recorder)  Search this
Christianson, Jill (recorder)  Search this
Performer:
Bowannie, Cornelia  Search this
Beyuka, Loretta  Search this
Wettlin-Larsen, Georgia  Search this
Anquoe, Mary Ann, 1931-2002  Search this
Meanus, Mary Ann  Search this
Olla Maidens (Musical group)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (compact audio cassette)
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Wasco Indians  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Zuni (N.M.)
New Mexico
Wisconsin
Oklahoma
Warm Springs (Or.)
Tulsa (Okla.)
River Falls (Wis.)
Oregon
Arizona
Date:
1995 July 2
Track Information:
101 Zuni Pottery Songs / Olla Maidens (Musical group), Cornelia Bowannie, Loretta Beyuka.

102 Ways of Our Grandmothers / Georgia Wettlin-Larsen, Mary Ann Anquoe, Mary Ann Meanus.
Local Numbers:
FP-1995-CT-0503
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, July 2, 1995.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
Oral history  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Alcohol  Search this
Gender  Search this
Christianity  Search this
Generations  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1995, Item FP-1995-CT-0503
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife / Series 4: Heartbeat: The Voices of First Nations Women / 4.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1995-ref858

Festival Recordings: Narrative Stage: Ways of Our Grandmothers; Making Our Own Songs; Transforming Traditions

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Heartbeat Program 1995 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Fries, Colin (recorder)  Search this
Christianson, Jill (recorder)  Search this
Performer:
Wettlin-Larsen, Georgia  Search this
Anquoe, Mary Ann, 1931-2002  Search this
Meanus, Mary Ann  Search this
Shoyo, Evalita  Search this
Barney, Geraldine  Search this
Shoyo, LaMelia  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (compact audio cassette)
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Americans  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Wisconsin
Oklahoma
Warm Springs (Or.)
Tulsa (Okla.)
River Falls (Wis.)
Oregon
Wyoming
New Mexico
Tohatchi (N.M.)
Wind River (Wyo. : River)
Date:
1995 July 2
Track Information:
101 Ways of Our Grandmothers / Georgia Wettlin-Larsen, Mary Ann Anquoe, Mary Ann Meanus.

102 Making Our Own Songs / Evalita Shoyo, Geraldine Barney, LaMelia Shoyo.
Local Numbers:
FP-1995-CT-0504
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, July 2, 1995.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Folksong revival  Search this
Singer-Songwriters  Search this
Wasco Indians  Search this
Gender  Search this
clans  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Generations  Search this
Assinboine Indians  Search this
Identity (Philosophical concept)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1995, Item FP-1995-CT-0504
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife / Series 4: Heartbeat: The Voices of First Nations Women / 4.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1995-ref859

Festival Recordings: Narrative Stage: Transforming Traditions; Ways of Our Grandmothers; Celebration Rehearsal

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Heartbeat Program 1995 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Fries, Colin (recorder)  Search this
Hardman, Catherine (recorder)  Search this
Performer:
Buck, Betsy  Search this
Wettlin-Larsen, Georgia  Search this
Meanus, Mary Ann  Search this
Olla Maidens (Musical group)  Search this
Six Nations Women Singers  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (compact audio cassette)
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Wasco Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Canada
Ontario
Zuni (N.M.)
New Mexico
Wisconsin
River Falls (Wis.)
Warm Springs (Or.)
Oregon
Arizona
Date:
1995 July 2
Track Information:
101 Transforming Traditions: Hearbeat Celebration Rehearsal / Drum,Rattle (Musical instrument).

102 Ways of Our Grandmothers / Olla Maidens (Musical group), Betsy Buck.

103 Heartbeat Celebration Rehearsal / Six Nations Women Singers, Georgia Wettlin-Larsen, Mary Ann Meanus. Drum,Rattle (Musical instrument).
Local Numbers:
FP-1995-CT-0505
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, July 2, 1995.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
Oral history  Search this
Folksong revival  Search this
Singer-Songwriters  Search this
Drum  Search this
Rattle (Musical instrument)  Search this
Gender  Search this
language  Search this
Family  Search this
Generations  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1995, Item FP-1995-CT-0505
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife / Series 4: Heartbeat: The Voices of First Nations Women / 4.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1995-ref860

Festival Recordings: Narrative Stage: Ceremonial Clothing; Transforming Traditions

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Heartbeat Program 1995 Washington, D.C.  Search this
McClellan, Carolyn and Traci (recorder)  Search this
Performer:
Wettlin-Larsen, Georgia  Search this
Meanus, Mary Ann  Search this
Bomberry, Charlene  Search this
Barney, Geraldine  Search this
Olla Maidens (Musical group)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (compact audio cassette)
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Wasco Indians  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Wisconsin
River Falls (Wis.)
Warm Springs (Or.)
Zuni (N.M.)
Oregon
New Mexico
Canada
Ontario
Tohatchi (N.M.)
Arizona
Date:
1995 July 3
Track Information:
101 Ceremonial Clothing / Olla Maidens (Musical group), Georgia Wettlin-Larsen, Mary Ann Meanus.

102 Transforming Traditions / Charlene Bomberry, Geraldine Barney.
Local Numbers:
FP-1995-CT-0507
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, July 3, 1995.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
Oral history  Search this
Gender  Search this
Regalia (Insignia)  Search this
adornment  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Assinboine Indians  Search this
Folklore  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1995, Item FP-1995-CT-0507
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife / Series 4: Heartbeat: The Voices of First Nations Women / 4.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1995-ref861

Festival Recordings: Narrative Stage: Making Our Own Songs; Assiniboine and Ojibwa Songs

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. Heartbeat Program 1995 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Miller, Mark K., 1953- (recorder)  Search this
Evans, Nicole (recorder)  Search this
Artist:
Barney, Geraldine  Search this
Wettlin-Larsen, Georgia  Search this
Moreno-Primeau, Soni  Search this
Ulali (Musical group)  Search this
Performer:
Barney, Geraldine  Search this
Wettlin-Larsen, Georgia  Search this
Moreno-Primeau, Soni  Search this
Ulali (Musical group)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (compact audio cassette)
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Americans  Search this
Tuscarora Indians  Search this
Aztecs  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
New Mexico
New York
Tohatchi (N.M.)
Staten Island (New York, N.Y.)
Connecticut
Wisconsin
River Falls (Wis.)
Date:
1995 July 4
Track Information:
101 Making Our Own Songs / Ulali (Musical group), Geraldine Barney, Soni Moreno-Primeau.

102 Assiniboine and Ojibwa Songs / Georgia Wettlin-Larsen. Hand drums,Rattle (Musical instrument).
Local Numbers:
FP-1995-CT-0512
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, July 4, 1995.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. Some duplication is allowed. Use of materials needs permission of the Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Folksong revival  Search this
Singer-Songwriters  Search this
Hand drums  Search this
Rattle (Musical instrument)  Search this
Mayas  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Gender  Search this
Identity (Philosophical concept)  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1995, Item FP-1995-CT-0512
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1995 Festival of American Folklife / Series 4: Heartbeat: The Voices of First Nations Women / 4.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1995-ref866

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