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Oral history interview with Lee Mullican, 1992 May 22-1993 Mar. 4

Interviewee:
Mullican, Lee, 1919-1998  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J., 1941-  Search this
Subject:
Paalen, Wolfgang  Search this
Guggenheim, Peggy  Search this
Stauffacher, Jack Werner  Search this
Onslow-Ford, Gordon  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard  Search this
Rosenthal, Rachel  Search this
Noguchi, Isamu  Search this
Hockney, David  Search this
Moses, Ed  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, Sibyl  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Dynaton (Group of artists)  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12846
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215298
AAA_collcode_mullic92
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215298
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Chuck and Jan Rosenak, 1998 December 10

Interviewee:
Rosenak, Chuck, 1927-  Search this
Interviewer:
Kirwin, Liza, 1957-  Search this
Subject:
Museum of American Folk Art  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Navajo Indians  Search this
Santeros  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12137
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216567
AAA_collcode_rosena98
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216567
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Preston Singletary, 2011 March 23-24

Interviewee:
Singletary, Preston, 1963-  Search this
Interviewer:
Savig, Mary, 1982-  Search this
Subject:
Tagliapietra, Lino  Search this
Marioni, Dante  Search this
Luna, James  Search this
Moore, Benjamin P.  Search this
Jojola, Tony  Search this
Hauberg, John H. (John Henry),  Search this
Feddersen, Joe  Search this
Marioni, Paul  Search this
Garcia, Tammy  Search this
Svenson, David  Search this
Royal, Richard  Search this
Libenský, Stanislav  Search this
Martinuzzi, Napoleone  Search this
Dailey, Dan Owen  Search this
Cribbs, Keke  Search this
Chihuly, Dale  Search this
David, Joe  Search this
Jungen, Brian  Search this
Gardiner, Lewis  Search this
Pilchuck Glass School  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.).George Gustav Heye Center  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Glass blowing and working  Search this
Glass artists  Search this
Tlingit art  Search this
Glass art  Search this
Modernism (Art)  Search this
Tlingit Indians  Search this
Tlingit sculpture  Search this
Primitivism in art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)15931
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)299007
AAA_collcode_single11
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_299007
Online Media:

John Weatherwax papers relating to Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo, 1928-1988, bulk 1931-1933

Creator:
Weatherwax, John M. (John Martin), 1900-1984  Search this
Subject:
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Sinclair, Upton  Search this
Scheyer, Galka E.  Search this
Topic:
Popol vuh  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, American  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, Mexican  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Mayas  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9609
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211815
AAA_collcode_weatjohn
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211815
Online Media:

Allen Tupper True and True family papers, 1841-1987

Creator:
True, Allen Tupper, 1881-1955  Search this
Subject:
Pyle, Howard  Search this
True, Henry A. (Henry Alphonso),  Search this
Borglum, Gutzon  Search this
Tupper, Ellen Smith  Search this
Brangwyn, Frank, Sir  Search this
Wyeth, N. C. (Newell Convers)  Search this
True, Margaret Tupper  Search this
American Smelting and Refining Company  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Topic:
Indians of North America  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10219
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213295
AAA_collcode_truealle
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213295
Online Media:

Olive Rush papers, 1879-1967

Creator:
Rush, Olive, 1873-1966  Search this
Subject:
United States. Dept. of the Treasury. Section of Fine Arts  Search this
Topic:
American Indians in art  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Art and state  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9223
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211418
AAA_collcode_rusholiv
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211418
Online Media:

W. Langdon Kihn papers, 1904-1990, bulk 1904-1957

Creator:
Kihn, W. (Wilfred) Langdon, 1898-1957  Search this
Subject:
Skinner, Constance Lindsay  Search this
Fisher, Franklin L.  Search this
Kihn, Alfred  Search this
Dale, Maud Murray  Search this
Laubin, Reginald  Search this
Dale, Chester  Search this
Barbeau, Marius  Search this
Artzybasheff, Boris  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams  Search this
Dixon, Maynard  Search this
Lec omte du Noüy, Marie  Search this
Laubin, Gladys  Search this
Oakley, Thornton  Search this
Wiggins, Guy C. (Guy Carleton)  Search this
Downs, Olin  Search this
Wellcome, Henry S. (Henry Solomon)  Search this
Lecomte du Noüy, Pierre  Search this
Kihn, Helen Butler  Search this
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
Type:
Sketchbooks
Topic:
Indians of North America  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7081
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209214
AAA_collcode_kihnwlan
Theme:
Diaries
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209214
Online Media:

Earl Horter papers, 1912-1985

Creator:
Horter, Earl, 1881-1940  Search this
Subject:
Carles, Arthur B.  Search this
Tyson, Carroll Sargent  Search this
Topic:
Indian art  Search this
Art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10766
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214386
AAA_collcode_hortearl
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214386

Louie H. Ewing papers, [ca. 1940]-1982

Creator:
Ewing, Louie H., 1908-1983  Search this
Topic:
Navajo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7022
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209155
AAA_collcode_ewinloui
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209155

René d'Harnoncourt papers, 1921-1983

Creator:
D'Harnoncourt, Rene, 1901-1968  Search this
Subject:
d'Harnoncourt, Sarah  Search this
Fosado, Víctor  Search this
Klumb, Henry  Search this
Marriott, Alice  Search this
Alvarez Bravo, Manuel  Search this
Tantaquidgeon, Gladys Iola  Search this
Covarrubias, Miguel  Search this
Durieux, Caroline  Search this
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Art in America  Search this
United States.Indian Arts and Crafts Board  Search this
Sarah Lawrence College  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Hispanic American art  Search this
Curators  Search this
Art, Mexican  Search this
Cave paintings  Search this
Art, Aboriginal Australian  Search this
Indian art  Search this
Mexico  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5462
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209237
AAA_collcode_dharrene
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209237
Online Media:

George Catlin papers, 1821-1904, 1946

Creator:
Catlin, George, 1796-1872  Search this
Subject:
Sully, Thomas  Search this
Seward, William Henry  Search this
Clay, Henry  Search this
Topic:
Art and race  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5435
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209512
AAA_collcode_catlgeor
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209512
Online Media:

Ralph T. Coe papers, 1928-2010, bulk 1950s-2010

Creator:
Coe, Ralph T., 1929-2010  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Topic:
Art  Search this
Curators  Search this
Indian art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16172
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)366561
AAA_collcode_coeralp
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_366561

Diorama Depicting Burial of Plains Woodland Child

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 10w x 8h; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Place:
Kansas
Date:
1962
Topic:
Indians of North America  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Hall of North American Archeology (Exhibition)  Search this
Burial  Search this
Children  Search this
Prairie Dog Creek  Search this
Plains Woodland Indians  Search this
Prehistoric peoples  Search this
Standard number:
MNH-1019 or MNH1019
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_10549

Plenty Coups

Artist:
Willem Wildschut, 30 Mar 1883 - 07 Jan 1955  Search this
Sitter:
Plenty Coups, c. 1848 - 03 Mar 1932  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Sheet: 91.4 x 61 cm (36 x 24")
Frame: 116.5 x 78.4 x 4.4 cm (45 7/8 x 30 7/8 x 1 3/4")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\Montana
Date:
c. 1921
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Headdress  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Exterior  Search this
Exterior\Landscape  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Tree  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Glove  Search this
Plenty Coups: Male  Search this
Plenty Coups: Native American\Warrior  Search this
Plenty Coups: Native American\Leader\Chief  Search this
Plenty Coups: Native American\Treaty Negotiator  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Gift of Ruth and Vernon Taylor Foundation, Beatrice and James Taylor
Object number:
NPG.2004.128
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm43938bd03-ea1c-4f98-974e-bc0a50b3dacd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2004.128

Aleš Hrdlička papers

Creator:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Correspondent:
American Association of Physical Anthropologists  Search this
Names:
American Journal of Physical Anthropology  Search this
Army Medical Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Hyde Exploring Expedition (1902-1903)  Search this
Institute of Population  Search this
International Congress of Americanists  Search this
Panama-California Exposition (1915 : San Diego, Calif.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Department of Anthropology. Division of Physical Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
206.71 Linear feet (294 boxes, 138 folders, 9 rolled items, and 4 folios)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Saint Lawrence Island (Alaska) -- Archaeology
Australia
Alaska -- Archaeology
Mexico -- Anthropology
Florida -- Archaeology
Egypt -- Archaeology
Czechoslovakia
Peru -- Physical anthropology
Kodiak Island (Alaska)
Date:
1875-1966
bulk 1903-1943
Summary:
The papers of Aleš Hrdlička, curator in the Division of Physical Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, offer considerable insight into the development of physical anthropology in the first half of this century. The papers include honors bestowed on Hrdlička, autobiographical notes, correspondence with many of the leading anthropologists of the day, anthropometric and osteometric measurements and observations (forming most of the collection), extensive photographs of Hrdlička's field work, manuscripts, research materials, and "My Journeys" (essentially a diary Hrdlička kept of his field work). In addition, there is material of a personal nature. The papers date from 1875 to 1966, but the bulk of the materials date from 1903 to 1943, the time of Hrdlička's career at the USNM.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is comprised of both professional and personal materials. The professional material includes honors bestowed on Hrdlička, autobiographical notes, correspondence with many of the leading anthropologists of the day, anthropometric and osteometric measurements and observations (forming most of the collection), extensive photographs of Hrdlička's field work, manuscripts, research materials, and "My Journeys" (essentially a diary Hrdlička kept of his field work). The personal material primarily consists of correspondence with his first wife (Marie Dieudonnée Strickler) and other family members, but there are also financial records. The papers date from 1875 to 1966, but the bulk of the materials date from 1903 to 1943, the time of Hrdlička's career at the United States National Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Hrdlička investigated all major questions confronting physical anthropologists of his day (the fossil record of early humans, the arrival of humans in the Americas, human variation, and evolution) and made valuable contributions in all these areas. Hrdlička's interests in the establishment of physical anthropology as a distinct and important field, the welfare of the Czech people, early hominids, and variation within the human species are all documented in the collection as are the services he performed for various United States government agencies. He pursued field studies in many different parts of the world, but there are relatively few field notes as such among his papers. There is instead the edited journal "My Journeys," photographs, and physical anthropological forms. There is also relatively little material on his administrative involvement in the USNM. There is no material from Hrdlička's time at the Pathological Institution of the New York State Hospitals; after he resigned, fire destroyed the anthropological records Hrdlička collected as a member of the staff. There are materials in the collection which contradict, or at least complicate, many long-held criticisms of Hrdlička, particularly claims that he was racist and opposed feminist ideas. The collection contains materials of interest to genetic research, including anthropometric measurements, hair clippings and fingerprints.

There are a few items in the collection which are dated earlier than the collection's date span. These are publication dates, and the folders containing the items have been dated accordingly, but they have not affected the dates of the series or collection. There are also a few items which are dated after Hrdlička's death. These dates reflect the fact that the collection was added to by the Department of Physical Anthropology after Hrdlička's death and have been taken into account when formulating dates for the series and collection.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 37 series:

(1) Miscellaneous Personal Papers, 1875-1940

(2) Early Personal Correspondence, 1883-1919

(3) Correspondence, 1885-1953

(4) News Clippings and Printed Matter, 1893-1953

(5) Financial Papers, 1910-1943

(6) Journeys to the Southwestern United States and Mexican Indians, 1898-1919

(7) Journeys to the Dakota, Chippewa, Kickapoo, and Shawnee, 1916-1917

(8) Florida Survey, 1918, 1918-1927

(9) Alaska Archeological Expeditions, 1912-1938 (bulk 1926-1938)

(10) Panama-California Exposition Expeditions, 1912-1914

(11) Journey to Egypt, Europe, and Russia, 1908-1909

(12) Journey to South America, 1910, 1910-1912

(13) Journey to the Far East, 1920, 1900-1930

(14) Journey to Australia, Java, India, South Africa, and Europe, 1924-1925

(15) Anthropometric Measurements of Indians Taken at the United States National Museum, 1904-1905, most undated

(16) Bone Studies, 1893-1929, most undated

(17) Old Americans, 1914-1930

(18) Children Who Run on All Fours, 1928-1936

(19) Early Man Studies, 1906-1930

(20) European Ethnic History, 1908-1938

(21) Miscellaneous Research Notes, 1887-1930

(22) Manuscripts of Writings, 1901-1944, most undated

(23) Writings by Other Authors, 1877-1942

(24) Anthropometry, undated

(25) "From My Journeys", 1898-1938

(26) -- American Journal of Physical Anthropology -- , 1918-1931

(27) American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 1924-1931

(28) International Congress of Americanists, 1900-1928

(29) Institute of Population, 1942

(30) Department of Anthropology, 1914-1943

(31) Lecture Notes, 1920-1932

(32) Maps and Charts, 1900-1932

(33) Miscellany, 1895-1954

(34) Index Cards, 1899-1948

(35) Bibliographic Index, undated

(36) Physical Anthropology Folios, undated

(37) Photographs, 1887-1944
Biographical Note:
Aleš Hrdlička was born in Bohemia in 1869 and came to America when he was thirteen. As a young man, he was trained in medicine at New York's Eclectic Medical College and the New York Homeopathic Medical College, receiving degrees from each. His first professional work was as a private practitioner, but he gave that up in 1894 when he joined the staff of the New York State Hospital for the Insane at Middletown. There, in addition to other duties, he began studies of the physical characteristics of inmates. This set in motion developments that would eventually lead him to become one of the world's most prominent anthropologists who has sometimes been referred to as "the founder of physical anthropology in America."

In 1896, in preparation for a research appointment with the Department of Anthropology in the Pathological Institute of the New York State Hospitals, Hrdlička went to Paris and studied with Leon Manouvrier. After his return to America, he worked for a short period with the Pathological Institute and came into contact with G.S. Huntington of the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York. Hrdlička arranged and studied Huntington's large collection of skeletal material, thus gaining knowledge of a well-documented collection representing largely normal persons of European ancestry. He came to the attention of Frederic Ward Putnam, of the American Museum of Natural History, who arranged for his first anthropological field studies.

It was thus that Hrdlička became a member of the Hyde Expeditions to the American Southwest and northern Mexico. In 1898, he traveled to Mexico with Carl Lumholtz to study the Tarahumaras, Huichols, and neighboring tribes. In subsequent years, he returned to Mexico and the Southwest alone and studied physical characteristics and medical conditions of several American Indian tribes. With this experience and examinations of the Trenton and Lansing skeletal material for Putnam, Hrdlička came fully into the world of anthropology. In 1903, he was appointed head of the newly formed Division of Physical Anthropology in the United States National Museum.

While in his position at the Smithsonian, Hrdlička returned to the Southwest for studies of Pima and Apache children in 1905 and, in the following year, traveled to Florida to examine allegedly ancient remains of man. In 1908, he worked among a number of Indian tribes, including the Menominee, Oglala Dakota, Quinailt, Hupa, and Mohave, in a study of tuberculosis among them. In 1909, he traveled to Egypt with an expedition of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York in order to study living Egyptians and to examine remains of Egypt's past population. The following year took him to Argentina, Peru, and Mexico. In the first of these, he again examined allegedly ancient remains of man. In Peru, he made a large collection of skeletal material near Trujillo, at Pachamac, and in the Chicama Valley.

From 1912-1914, Hrdlicka undertook a physical anthropological exhibit for the Panama-California Exposition in San Diego and, for this, traveled to eastern Siberia, Mongolia, Peru, and Florida. He also examined fossil remains of man in Europe and directed field work of other anthropologists in South and East Africa, St. Lawrence Island in Alaska, the Philippines, eastern Siberia, and the Ukraine. In 1915, for the Department of Justice, he assessed the racial makeup of Chippewas on the Leech Lake and White Earth reservations in Minnesota and also studied Dakota Indians. In 1917, his field work was directed toward white American families with longtime residence in the United States. In 1918, he carried out a survey of ancient sites in eastern Florida for the Bureau of American Ethnology. In 1920, he traveled to Hawaii, Japan, Korea, and Manchuria in connection with an appointment to lecture at the Peking Union Medical College. As director of the American School for Prehistoric Studies in France, he again studied fossil remains of man in Europe in 1922 and 1923. In 1925, he carried out work in India, Ceylon, Java, Australia, South Africa, and Europe. In 1927, he was again in Europe to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture before the Royal Anthropological Society in Great Britain. Between 1929 and 1938, he traveled frequently to Alaska to carry on an anthropological survey. In 1939, he traveled to Russia and Siberia.

Beginning with much of the skeletal collection of the Army Medical Museum, which had been transferred to the Smithsonian in 1898 before he was appointed there, Hrdlička amassed a bone collection that included, among many other specimens, the Huntington collection, casts of fossil remains of man, and a large and diverse North American collection. He also gathered a large collection of human brains. Over three hundred publications resulted from his study of this material, his field work, and his study of specimens in other museums. In addition, he was involved in many other activities. For United States government agencies, he provided services ranging from examinations of human remains for law enforcement officials to providing information and opinions concerning national origins and traits that were needed to interpret laws and form foreign policy. During World War II, he also advised government officials on policies to be pursued with certain national groups following the war.

In 1918, Hrdlička founded the American Journal of Physical Anthropology and remained its editor until 1942. In 1928, he was the major force behind the organization of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists and served as its president from 1928 to 1932. He was also president of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1907, the American Anthroplogical Association from 1925 to 1927, and the Washington Academy of Sciences from 1928 to 1929. He was chairman of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1918 and secretary of the Committee on Anthropology of the National Research Council in 1917. In addition, Hrdlička was a member of the American Philosophical Society and the National Academy of Sciences. He represented the Smithsonian at several international gatherings of scholars, including meetings of the International Congress of Americanists.

Chronology

1869 March 29 -- Alois Ferdinand Hrdlička (Aleš Hrdlička) born in Humpolec, Bohemia

1882 September -- Emigrated to New York City

1888 -- While stricken with typhoid, met M. Rosenbleuth, a physician who arranged for Hrdlička to enroll at the Eclectic Medical College of New York City

1892 -- Enrolled in the New York Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital Published first article, "Scheme of Examination (Medical)," Publications of the Eclectic Medical College Graduated first in his class from the Eclectic Medical College

1894 -- Graduated first from his class from the Homeopathic Medical College Became research intern at the State Homeopathic Hospital for the Insane in Middletown, New York, where he began his studies in physical anthropology Passed state board examination (allopathic)

1895 -- Joined staff of the Pathological Institute of the New York State Hospitals as associate in anthropology

1896 -- Studied anthropology under Leon Manouvrier in Paris

1896 August 6 -- Married Marie Stickler (Dieudonnée)

1898 March-July(?) -- Accompanied Carl Lumholtz on his expedition to northern Mexico, sponsored by the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), and visited the Tarahumara, Huichol, and Tepecan Indians

1899 Spring -- Resigned from the Pathological Institute to take charge of physical and medical anthropological research on the Hyde Expeditions of the AMNH to the southwestern United States

1899 August -- Hyde expedition for the AMNH to Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, to excavate the site of Pueblo Bonito and to conduct somatological surveys among the Indians; visited Grand Gulch caves in southern Utah; included visits to the Navahos and southern Utes

1900 -- Hyde expedition for the AMNH to New Mexico, Arizona, and southern Colorado to conduct somatological surveys among the Indians; included visits to the Apaches, Yumas, and Pueblo Indians

1902 January-September -- Hyde expeditions for AMNH to southwestern Arizona, New Mexico, and northern Mexico to conduct somatological surveys; included visits to the Tepecanos, Papagos, Opatas, Pimas, Yaquis, Mayos, Huichols, Otomis, Tepehuanes, Maricopas, Yumas, Yavapais, Paiutes, Walapais, and Havasupais

1902 October-December -- Hyde expedition for the AMNH to Mexico for Hrdlička to complete his somatological investigations; included visits to the Tepehuanes, Coras, Huichols, "Nahuas," "Aztecs," and Tarascans

1903 May 1 -- Became assistant curator in charge of the new Division of Physical Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, at the United States National Museum, Smithsonian Institution

1905 -- Expedition under the auspices of the Bureau of American Ethnology to Arizona and New Mexico to complete the observations on the tribes of this region; Hrdlička especially studied Apache and Pima Indian children

1906 February -- Expedition to western Florida to investigate remains of alleged ancient man

1907 -- President of the Anthropological Society of Washington

1908 -- Expedition to Indian schools and reservations in Wisconsin, Washington, California, Arizona, and South Dakota to study tuberculosis for a report to the International Congress of Tuberculosis

1908 December - 1909 May -- Traveled to Egypt, Greece, Turkey, Hungary, Bohemia, Russia, Poland, and Germany to examine human skeletal remains from an excavation in Egypt by the Metropolitan Museum of Art and to study peoples of the Near East

1910 March 28 -- Promoted to curator in the Division of Physical Anthropology

1910 April-September -- Attended the 17th International Congress of Americanists in Buenos Aires and Mexico City Traveled to Argentina, Brazil, Peru, Mexico, and Panama

1912 -- Planned and directed seven expeditions for the physical anthropology exhibit at the Panama-California Exposition held at San Diego in 1915; expeditions included Hrdlička to Siberia and Mongolia and later to Peru; Riley D. Moore to St. Lawrence Island, Alaska; Philip Newton to the Philippine Islands; Vojtech Suk to Africa; Stanislaw Poniatowski to eastern Siberia; Kazimir Stolyhwo to the Birusa caves in Siberia and to the Ukraine; and Jindřich Matiegka to Bohemia

1912 May-Summer -- Traveled to London to attend 18th International Congress of Americanists Traveled to Siberia and Mongolia for the Panama-California Exposition

1912 September -- Traveled to Geneva for the 14th International Congress of Prehistoric Anthropology and Archaeology

1913 January-April -- Expedition to Peru as part the effort for the Panama-California Exposition

1914 November 18 - 1915 January 18 -- Attended Panama-California Exposition

1915 May -- Research for the Department of Justice at the White Earth and Leech Lake reservations in Minnesota to determine non-Indian mixture among Chippewas

1915 December -- Served as General Secretary for the 19th International Congress of Americanists held in Washington

1916 Fall -- Traveled to Florida to examine remains of supposed ancient man

1917 March-July -- Served as Secretary on the Committee on Anthropology of the National Research Council

1917 Summer -- "Old American" research at Yale University, Harvard University, and the University of Virginia and in Tennessee

1917 August -- Sponsored by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, traveled to Oklahoma to visit the Shawnee Agency in eastern Oklahoma and the Kickapoo Indians in McCloud to search for adequate samples of pure blood Indians

1918 -- Elected to the American Philosophical Society Served as Chairman of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science Founded the American Journal of Physical Anthropology and became its long-time editor Surveyed prehistoric sites on the southwest coast of Florida

1918 October 8 -- Death of his wife Marie

1920 -- Anthropometry published by the Wistar Institute Elected an honorary fellow of the Royal Anthropological Society of Great Britain

1920 Summer -- Married Mina (Vilemina) Mansfield

1920 January-May -- Visited Japan, Korea, Manchuria, northern China, Mongolia, and Hawaii Lectured at Peking Union Medical College in China

1920 Fall -- Visited Minnesota Chippewa (at the White Earth Reservation?) to help the Department of Justice setter the question of mixed and pure bloods among the Chippewa

1921 -- Elected to the National Academy of Sciences

1922 -- Visited Spain, France, Germany, Moravia, and England Awarded honorary Sc.D. degree from the University of Prague Chairman of the American delegation to the 20th International Congress of Americanists in Rio de Janiero

1923 -- Served three and one-half months as Director of the American School in France for Prehistoric Studies Visited England, Holland, Belgium, France, Germany, Bohemia, Austria, Croatia, and Italy

1925 -- The Old Americans published by Williams and Wilkins Co.

1925 March-October -- Traveled to Australia, Java, India, South Africa, and Europe on a trip sponsored by the Buffalo [New York] Society of Natural Science to obtain cranial measurements of Australian aborigines and Tasmanians, to investigate the Rhodesian Man site in South Africa, to survey the field of early man, and to collect data to support his hypothesis about the peopling of the Earth

1925-1926 -- President of the American Anthropological Association

1926 -- Awarded honorary Sc.D. degree from University of Brno and D.Nat.Sc. degree from Brunn University

1926 May-September -- First fieldwork in Alaska: reconnaissance down the Yukon River to its mouth, around the Bering Sea and through the Bering Strait along the Alaskan coast to Point Barrow

1927 -- Received Huxley Memorial Medal and gave Huxley Lecture on "the Neanderthal Phase of Man" before the Royal Anthropological Society of Great Britain

1928 -- Helped found the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA)

1928-1929 -- President of the Washington Academy of Sciences

1928-1932 -- Served as first president of the AAPA

1929 -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Yukon River from Tanana to its mouth, to St. Lawrence and the Diomede Islands, to Cape Prince of Wales, up to Point Barrow and back to Unalaska Awarded honorary Sc.D. degree from Charles University, Prague

1930 -- Published The Skeletal Remains of Early Man, Vol. 83 Smithsonian Miscellaneous collections Published "Anthropological Survey in Alaska," Forty-sixth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology, pp. 21-374

1930 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Kuskokwim River from Bethel down river to Apogak and up river to Stony River

1931 -- Children Who Run on All Fours published by McGraw-Hill Book Co.

1931 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) point site, trial excavations at Chief's Point and other sites, and a survey of Kodiak Island

1932 -- Kober Foundation lecturer of Georgetown University

1932 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site, trial excavations at Chief's Point and other sites, and a survey of Kodiak Island

1934 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site and surveyed Cooks Inlet sites and the mainland opposite the Our Point site

1935 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site

1936 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site and surveyed the Dutch Harbor caves, some of the Aleutian Islands, and the mummy cave on Kagamil Island

1937 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Aleutian Islands and Commander Islands

1938 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Aleutian Islands, Dutch Harbor caves, and Commander Islands

1939 April 4 -- Testimonial dinner given by the American Association of Physical Anthropologists in honor of his 70th birthday

1939 April-June -- Recuperated in London hospital after suffering a coronary occlusion

1942 March 31 -- Retired from curatorship at United States National Museum, becoming an associate in anthropology

1942 December -- Resigned as editor of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology

1943 -- Alaska Diary published by Cattell Press

1943 September 5 -- Died of heart attack

1944 -- Anthropology of Kodiak Island published by Wistar Institute

1945 -- The Aleutian and Commander Islands and Their Inhabitants published by Wistar Institute

1969 -- Tenth Anthropological Congress of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences dedicated to Hrdlička in the 100th anniversary year of his birth

Selected Bibliography

1908 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Physiological and Medical Observations Among the Indians of Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico. Bulletin 34, Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1908.

1912 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Early Man in South America. Bulletin 52, Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1912.

1919 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Physical Anthropology: Its Scope and Aims. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1919.

1920 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Anthropometry. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1920.

1925 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. The Old Americans. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins Co., 1925.

1930 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. The Skeletal Remains of Early Man. Vol. 83, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. City of Washington: The Smithsonian Institution, 1930. Hrdlička, Aleš. Anthropological Survey in Alaska. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1930.

1931 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Children Who Run on All Fours, and Other Animal-like Behaviors in the Human Child. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1931.

1943 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Alaska Diary, 1926-1931. Lancaster, PA: The Jacques Cattell Press, 1943.

1944 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Anthropology of Kodiak Island. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1944.

1945 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. The Aleutian and Commander Islands and Their Inhabitants. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1945.
Related Materials:
Additional material in the National Anthropological Archives relating to Aleš Hrdlička can be found in the papers of William Louis Abbott, Henry Bascom Collins, Herbert William Krieger, and Frank Spencer; records of the American Anthropological Association, Bureau of American Ethnology, Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum (National Museum of Natural History), Science Service, Anthropological Society of Washington, and the United States Army Medical Museum (anatomical section, records relating to specimens transferred to the Smithsonian Institution); and glass negatives of Indians collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution illustrations.

Additional related photographs can be found in Photo Lot 8, Division of Physical Anthropology collection; Photo Lot 9, Photographs of Indians for the Panama-California Exposition, San Diego; Photo Lot 24, Bureau of American Ethnology, United States National Museum photographs of American Indians; Photo Lot 70, Department of Anthropology portrait file; Photo Lot 78, Miscellaneous negatives; Photo Lot 97, Division of Ethnology collection ("USNM" Collection); Photo Lot 73-26B, Aleš Hrdlička photographs relating to the Panama-California Exhibition; Photo Lot 73-26G, Miscellany; Photo Lot 77-48, Group portraits of International Congress; Photo Lot 79-38, Division of World Archeology collection; Photo Lot 83-41, Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of human bones; and Photo Lot 92-46, Anthropology lantern slides.

Related films can be found in the Human Studies Film Archive under the accession numbers HSFA 1982.2.1, 1982.2.2, 1986.12.1, and 2015.13.1.

Hrdlička's extensive collection of reprints is maintained in the Division of Physical Anthropology.

Frank Spencer's doctoral dissertation "Aleš Hrdlička, M.D., 1869-1943: A Chronicle of the Life and Work of an American Physical Anthropologist" (1979) is the only book length biography of Hrdlička. The Frank Spencer papers, 1836-1999, are available at the NAA and contain original correspondence between Hrdlička and his first wife, Marie Strickler; his childhood report card from 1869; copies of family photos obtained from Lucy Miller, Hrdlička's niece; and an audio recording of Hrdlička speaking at Wistar Institute.

Further material may be found in the Smithsonian Institution Archives.
Provenance:
Hrdlička bequeathed his papers to the Smithsonian Institution. The Division of Physical Anthropology maintained them until they were deposited in the National Anthropological Archives in the 1960s. Some papers have come into the collection since then, most recently in 2018. These new accretions came to the collection through Donald Ortner, David Hunt, T. Dale Stewart, the Department of Anthropology, and the University of Alaska.
Restrictions:
The Aleš Hrdlička papers are open for research.

Access to the Aleš Hrdlička papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Human evolution  Search this
Physical anthropology  Search this
Children -- Physical anthropology  Search this
anthropometry  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Fossil hominids  Search this
Citation:
Aleš Hrdlička papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1974-31
See more items in:
Aleš Hrdlička papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1974-31
Online Media:

MS 1997-17 Buffalo Dream Pony by Gina Gray

Creator:
Gray, Gina, 1954-2014  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (22 x 21 inches)
Culture:
Osage Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Date:
circa 1995
Scope and Contents:
This collection is comprised of a 22 x 21 inch color print on cloth made by Osage artist Gina Gray, circa 1995.
Biographical / Historical:
Gina Gray is a printmaker and painter whose work has been featured in a one-woman exhibit at the Wheelwright Museum in Santa Fe, New Mexico; in the collection of the Philbrook Museum of Art in Tulsa, Oklahoma; and in the Smithsonian Museum of the American Indian in Washington DC. She graduated from the Institute of American Arts in Santa Fe, New Mexico and attended the California Institute of the Arts, where she studied commercial art. A member of the Osage tribe, Gray currently operates a studio in Pawhuska, Oklahoma.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1997-17
Genre/Form:
Prints
Citation:
Manuscript 1997-17, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1997-17
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1997-17

Sash

Collector:
L W. Platt  Search this
Donor Name:
L W. Platt  Search this
Length - Object:
132 cm
Width - Object:
15 cm
Culture:
Pawnee  Search this
Object Type:
Sash
Place:
Genoa, Nance County, Nebraska, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1870
Collection Date:
1870
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
002007
USNM Number:
E9998-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3401072d4-b27c-4043-89d9-714c0751ed13
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8489912
Online Media:

Dance Costume-- Shark (dogfish)

Collector:
James G. Swan  Search this
Donor Name:
James G. Swan  Search this
Culture:
Haida  Search this
Object Type:
Mask / Dance Ornament
Place:
Skidegate, Queen Charlotte Islands (Haida Gwaii) / Graham Island, British Columbia, Canada, North America
Accession Date:
21 Dec 1883
Collection Date:
Oct 1883
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
013804
USNM Number:
E89145-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3205fa1ce-6610-47e8-b424-1d1e0ad74831
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8485466

Blanket

Donor Name:
Mrs. Guido N. Lieber  Search this
Culture:
Navajo (Diné)  Search this
Object Type:
Blanket
Place:
United States, North America
Accession Date:
13 Nov 1923
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
070893
USNM Number:
E326131-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3e9961408-a402-4a80-a337-32b9acc09aae
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8394570
Online Media:

The Rocky Mountains, etched proof

Engraver:
Smillie, James  Search this
Original artist:
Bierstadt, Albert  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
image: 43 cm x 70.5 cm; 16 15/16 in x 27 3/4 in
Object Name:
print
engraving
Object Type:
Engraving
Date made:
1865
Subject:
Indians  Search this
Rocky Mountains  Search this
Related Publication:
Anderson, Nancy K.; Ferber, Linda S.; Wright, Helena E.. Albert Bierstadt, Art & Enterprise
Credit Line:
Gift of George H. Smillie
ID Number:
GA.00730
Catalog number:
00730
Accession number:
20355
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Communications
Art
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-e50b-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_802103
Online Media:

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