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Thomas Indian School glass plate negatives

Photographer:
Thomas Indian School (Iroquois, N.Y.)  Search this
Names:
Thomas Indian School (Iroquois, N.Y.)  Search this
Extent:
85 Glass plate negatives (N49022-N49106)
Culture:
Seneca [Cattaraugus]  Search this
Cayuga  Search this
Oneida  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Glass negatives
Place:
Cattaraugus Indian Reservation (N.Y.)
New York (State)
Date:
1900-1945
Summary:
This collection contains 85 glass plate negatives depicting Iroquois students and student life at the Thomas Indian School on the Cattaraugus Indian Reservation in New York state, circa 1900-1945.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 85 glass plate negatives depicting Iroquois students and student life at the Thomas Indian School circa 1900-1945. The images depict student and class portraits; school activities such as school plays or performances, basketball, football, and Girl Scouts; classes such as woodworking, cooking, and agriculture; and campus buildings and grounds. The photographer is unknown, but was probably affiliated with the school. Iroquois children from Seneca [Cattaraugus], Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Tuscarora communities attended the school.
Arrangement:
This collection is intellectually arranged in 3 series. Series 1: Student and class portraits, Series 2: School activities and classes, Series 3: School buildings and grounds. The collection is physically organized by negative number.
Biographical / Historical:
Located on the Cattaraugus Indian Reservation in New York State, the Thomas Asylum for Orphaned and Destitute Indian Children was established as a private institution in 1855 and named after benefactor Philip E. Thomas. Orphaned and poor American Indian children from the Seneca [Cattaraugus], Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Tuscarora communities were sent to the asylum for boarding and care. In 1875 the institution was transferred to the State of New York and run under the New York State Board of Charities. It was charged with the education and vocational training of American Indian children in their care, which is reported to have included acculturation and assimilation of Native students by means of prohibiting use of Native languages and traditional cultural practices. In 1905 the institution was renamed the Thomas Indian School. By this time, eight grades were offered at the school, which had a half-day system with students attending classes for part of the day and working the other half. By 1930, the School was classified as a junior high school, but it was eventually closed in 1957 by the State.
Related Materials:
The New York State Archives in Albany, NY holds the Thomas Indian School Agency History Records and a collection of photographs.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by the grandchildren of Victor and Ethel Bissell Seneca.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Education  Search this
Education -- school buildings  Search this
Indians of North America -- Cultural assimilation  Search this
Schools -- Exercises and recreations  Search this
Indians of North America -- New York (State)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Thomas Indian School glass plate negatives, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.061
See more items in:
Thomas Indian School glass plate negatives
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-061
Online Media:

Haskell Institute photograph album

Creator:
Haskell Institute  Search this
Names:
Haskell Institute -- Photographs  Search this
Levi, John, 1898-1946 -- Photographs  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot (1 photograph album containing 42 prints)
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Photograph albums
Date:
circa 1930-1934
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 1 photograph album containing 42 snapshot photographs and photographic postcards from circa 1930-1934. The bulk of the photographs depict Haskell Institute students including members of the football team Arnes Barlow, Paul Edge, Leonard Barlow, Guy Bush, Charles Bernard, Led Wilson, and coach John Levi [Inunaina (Arapaho)]; other unidentified students; buildings on campus including Hiawatha Hall (Chapel); a 1930 pageant and pow-wow; and athletics including archery, baseball, and track, among other scenes.

Other photographs depict the University of Kansas and Memorial High School both in Lawrence, Kansas. Some photographs were also shot at an unidentified Wyoming Indian school.

Many photographs have handwritten captions on the back of the prints. The album has a soft leather cover that features a painting of an American Indian man in a headdress.

One photographic postcard may provide a clue as to the album's creator; the postcard was sent in 1932 from a Haskell teacher named Mary to a teacher named Elsie C. Ramage (Mrs. J. C. Ramage) of Denver, Colo. This postcard may have been sent by Mary Louise Breuninger who was a Haskell teacher according to the 1929 Lawrence, Kansas City directory. The photographs in the album may have been shot, collected, and/or assembled by either Mary or Elsie.
Arrangement:
Original order was maintained when processing this collection, however it does not appear that the photos were assembled in chronological order. Some of the photographs are attached to the album pages via photo corners. The loose are stored in folders in the original order in which they were found.
Biographical / Historical:
Located in Lawrence, Kansas, the United States Indian Industrial School opened its doors in 1884. The school soon changed its name to Haskell Institute after the passing of Dudley Haskell (1842-1883)- a U.S. Representative and chairman of the House Committee on Indian Affairs- who was instrumental in opening the school in his hometown of Lawrence.

The first twenty-two students that attended Haskell Institute were from the Ponca, Chilocco, and Ottawa communities. The school initially taught trades such as blacksmithing, farming, cooking, and sewing, among other industrial skills. As the school grew and expanded its curriculum, American Indian and Native Alaskan students from communities across the country enrolled in the boarding school. The student population grew from 22 to 400 pupils in just one semester. Similar to other Indian boarding schools of its time, Haskell Institute's mission in part was to "civilize" American Indian students and the school employed militaristic techniques in its teaching and discipline. By 1927, the school taught both high school and post-graduation courses.

From 1896-1930, the school also sustained prominent athletic teams, including its nationally recognized football team. Fullback John Levi [1898-1946; Inunaina (Arapaho)] led the football team to many victories in the mid-twenties and eventually went on to coach the team from 1926-1936.

By 1965, the school discontinued its high school courses and in 1970, it transitioned into the Haskell Indian Junior College. The school was renamed Haskell Indian Nations University in 1993 and began offering a four-year baccalaureate degree program with a mission dedicated to Indian cultural preservation, research, and education. The University continues to teach students from federally recognized tribes.
Separated Materials:
The photograph album in this collection was purchased at an auction in 1985 along with a pair of bookends that were probably made by a Haskell Institute student. The bookends are in NMAI's object collection, catalog number 25/2220. A 1931 Haskell yearbook was also purchased at the auction and is now located in the Huntington Free Library Collection at Cornell, call number E97.6.H34.
Provenance:
Purchased from New Durham Auction Barn, Inc. in 1985.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Sports -- American Indian  Search this
Indians of North America -- Cultural assimilation  Search this
Off-reservation boarding schools -- Photographs  Search this
Indians of North America -- Education  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Haskell Institute photograph album, NMAI.AC.105; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.105
See more items in:
Haskell Institute photograph album
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-105
Online Media:

Joseph C. Park collection of lantern slides

Collector:
Park, Joseph C., 1872-  Search this
Extent:
31 Lantern slides
1 Poster
Container:
Box 1
Map-case 13
Culture:
Cherokee  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Ephemera
Lantern slides
Posters
Place:
Indian Territory (U.S.A)
Date:
circa 1880-1901
Summary:
The Joseph C. Park collection of lantern slides contains 31 lantern slides and 1 poster that were used by Joseph C. Park for his lectures on Indians of North America. Park was the Principal of the Cherokee Baptist Academy located at Tahlequah Indian Territory (today Oklahoma) from 1896 to 1901.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 31 lantern slides and 1 poster that were used by Joseph C. Park for his lectures on Indians of North America. Park was the Principal of the Cherokee Baptist Academy located at Tahlequah Indian Territory (today Oklahoma) from 1896 to 1901.

The lantern slides depict Cherokee Baptist Academy students including the 1899 football team; female seminary building in Tahlequah; as well as the gallows (for public hangings) at Tahlequah. Other lantern slides depict portraits of Set-Imkia, also known as Stumbling Bear (Kiowa Chief); Sitting Bull (Lakota); Pe-ji (Grass Blackbear); A.L. Lacie and Wolf Coon; a Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux) man with an amputated leg; a Paiute man; a Cheyenne boy; Dr. J. S. Murrow, and General George Armstrong Custer.

A few lantern slides depict drawings such as the capture and death of Sitting Bull; the battle of Big Horn and Custer's last charge; and a drawing depicting an Indian burial (restricted). Several lantern slides also depict wigwam or wickuup structures and scenes in Alaska including totem poles.

Some slides were produced by the American Museum of Natural History in New York and Kurz and Allison, Pub. in Chicago.

The poster depicts a photo of Joseph C. Park and reads, "Illustrated lecture / Joseph C. Park / Subjects 1. The Indians of North America / Illustrated by beautiful calcium light views. Many of these pictures were taken from life by the lecturer during his sojourn among the Indians in Indian Territory. 2. The life of our Savior, or Jesus, the Nazarine / Illustrated by beautiful calcium light views taken from the world's greatest paintings. / Mr. Park was Principal of Cherokee Baptist Academy, a large Indian School located at Tahlequah, Ind. Ter., for a period of five years. He has made an extended study of the "Indian Problem" and comes highly recommended as a lecturer."
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged by subject matter.
Biographical / Historical:
Joseph Charles Park was born in Big Flats, New York in 1872 and went on to graduate from Cornell University and Syracuse University. From 1896 to 1901, Park served as the principal of the Cherokee Baptist Academy. This Indian boarding and day school was located on a 160-acre farm in Tahlequah, Indian Territory (today Oklahoma) and was run by the American Baptist Home Mission Society.
Provenance:
Gift of Donald Weber, 2019.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Some images in this collection are restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Cultural assimilation  Search this
Indians of North America -- Education  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Joseph C. Park collectino of lantern slides, NMAI.AC.387; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.387
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-387

Not for school, but for life* : lessons from the historical archaeology of the Phoenix Indian School / by Owen Lindauer ; with a foreword by Peterson Zah and a contribution by Todd Bostwick

Author:
Lindauer, Owen 1957-  Search this
Subject:
Phoenix Indian School History  Search this
Physical description:
58 pages : illustrations, maps ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Arizona
Phoenix
Phoenix (Ariz.)
Date:
1977
1997
20th century
Topic:
Education  Search this
Cultural assimilation  Search this
Off-reservation boarding schools  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Indians of North America--Cultural assimilation  Search this
Indians of North America--Education  Search this
Call number:
E97.6.P4 L56 1977
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_525801

Not for school, but for life : lessons from the historical archaeology of the Phoenix Indian School / by Owen Lindauer ; with a foreword by Peterson Zah ; and a contribution by Todd Bostwick

Author:
Lindauer, Owen 1957-  Search this
Subject:
Phoenix Indian School  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 58 pages : illustrations, map ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Arizona
Phoenix
Phoenix (Ariz.)
Date:
1997
Topic:
Education  Search this
Cultural assimilation  Search this
Off-reservation boarding schools--History  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Indians of North America--Cultural assimilation  Search this
Indians of North America--Education  Search this
Off-reservation boarding schools  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_537183

Native traditions in the postconquest world : a symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 2nd through 4th October 1992 / Elizabeth Hill Boone and Tom Cummins, editors

Author:
Boone, Elizabeth Hill  Search this
Cummins, Tom 1949-  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 480 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Congresses
Date:
1998
C1998
Topic:
Aztecs--Social conditions--Congresses  Search this
Aztecs--Cultural assimilation--Congresses  Search this
Incas--Social conditions  Search this
Incas--Cultural assimilation--Congresses  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_541654

Indians, Franciscans, and Spanish colonization : the impact of the mission system on California Indians / Robert H. Jackson, Edward Castillo

Author:
Jackson, Robert H (Robert Howard)  Search this
Castillo, Edward D  Search this
Subject:
Franciscans Missions  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 214 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
California
Date:
1995
C1995
Topic:
Missions  Search this
Cultural assimilation  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_479042

Objects of survivance a material history of the American Indian school experience Lindsay M. Montgomery and Chip Colwell

Author:
Montgomery, Lindsay M (Lindsay Martel)  Search this
Colwell, Chip (John Stephen) 1975-  Search this
Subject:
Bratley, J. H (Jesse H.) Photograph collections  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (243 pages)
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2019
Topic:
Cultural assimilation  Search this
Indigenous peoples--Cultural assimilation  Search this
Off-reservation boarding schools  Search this
Education--History  Search this
Indigenous peoples--Education  Search this
SOCIAL SCIENCE--General  Search this
Indians of North America--Cultural assimilation  Search this
Indians of North America--Education  Search this
Photograph collections  Search this
Call number:
E98.C89 M66 2019 (Internet)
Restrictions & Rights:
1-user
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1145266

Unsettling truths : the ongoing, dehumanizing legacy of the Doctrine of Discovery Mark Charles and Soong-Chan Rah

Author:
Charles, Mark 1970-  Search this
Rah, Soong-Chan  Search this
Author:
ProQuest (Firm)  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (234 pages)
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
United States
Date:
2019
Topic:
Indians of North America--Colonization--Religious aspects--Christianity  Search this
Indians of North America--Cultural assimilation--History  Search this
Christianity and politics--History  Search this
Christianity and culture--History  Search this
White supremacy movements--Religious aspects  Search this
Christianity and culture  Search this
Christianity and politics  Search this
Indians of North America--Cultural assimilation  Search this
Race relations--Religious aspects  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Religious aspects  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
E93 .C428 2019 (Internet)
Restrictions & Rights:
3-users
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1118684

Messianic fulfillments staging indigenous salvation in America Hayes Peter Mauro

Author:
Mauro, Hayes Peter 1970-  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 258 pages, 26 unnumbered leaves of plates illustrations 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2019
Topic:
Indians in art  Search this
Art and religion  Search this
Cultural assimilation  Search this
Indians, Treatment of  Search this
Indians of North America--Cultural assimilation  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1109629

American Indian education : a history / Jon Reyhner and Jeanne Eder

Author:
Reyhner, Jon Allan  Search this
Eder, Jeanne M. Oyawin  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 392 pages : illustrations, map ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
North America
United States
Date:
2017
Topic:
Education--History  Search this
Government relations--History  Search this
Cultural assimilation  Search this
Missions--History  Search this
Off-reservation boarding schools--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1110723

Onigamiising : seasons of an Ojibwe year / Linda LeGarde Grover

Title:
Seasons of an Ojibwe year
Author:
Grover, Linda LeGarde  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 201 pages ; 21 cm
Type:
Biography
Biographies
Place:
Minnesota
Duluth
Duluth (Minn.)
Date:
2017
Topic:
Social life and customs  Search this
Ojibwa philosophy  Search this
Ojibwa women  Search this
Ojibwa Indians--Cultural assimilation  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1107596

Indigenous persistence in the colonized Americas : material and documentary perspectives on entanglement / edited by Heather Law Pezzarossi and Russell N. Sheptak

Editor:
Law Pezzarossi, Heather 1979-  Search this
Sheptak, Russell N. 1955-  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 250 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
America
North America
Spain
Date:
2019
Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775
Topic:
First contact with Europeans  Search this
Ethnic identity  Search this
Indians, Treatment of--History  Search this
Cultural assimilation  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Imperialism--Social aspects--History  Search this
Ethnohistory  Search this
History  Search this
Colonies  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1107616

Course of study for the Indian schools of the United States industrial and literary

Author:
United States Superintendent of Indian Schools  Search this
Physical description:
276 pages illustrations 24 cm
Type:
Handbooks, manuals, etc
Handbooks and manuals
Place:
United States
Date:
1901
Topic:
Agricultural education--Curricula  Search this
Indians of North America--Cultural assimilation  Search this
Education  Search this
Indians of North America--Education--Curricula  Search this
Indians of North America--Vocational education--Curricula  Search this
Vocational education--Curricula  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_286773

Native peoples of North America / Professor Daniel M. Cobb

Lecturer:
Cobb, Daniel M.  Search this
Author:
Container of (work): Cobb, Daniel M Native peoples of North America: course guidebook ©2016  Search this
Publisher:
Teaching Company  Search this
Sponsoring body:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Physical description:
4 videodiscs (approximately 720 min.) : DVD video, sound, color ; 4 3/4 in. + 1 course guidebook (vi, 206 pages : black and white illustrations ; 19 cm)
Type:
Videorecordings
Lectures
Educational films
Filmed lectures
History
Nonfiction films
Films for the hearing impaired
Place:
North America
Date:
2016
Topic:
History  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
First contact with Europeans  Search this
Foreign influences  Search this
Colonization  Search this
Crimes against  Search this
Wars  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Land tenure  Search this
Indian land transfers  Search this
Relocation  Search this
Social conditions  Search this
Cultural assimilation  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Ethnic identity  Search this
Indians of North America--History--Autonomy and independence movements  Search this
Indian activists--History  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Call number:
video 001581
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1071606

Indians, soldiers and civilization being a report upon fatal obstacles to the Christian civilization of the Indian, adopted by the representatives of religious and philanthropic organizations, co-operating with the government in care of the Indians, at a meeting held in New York, February 29th, 1872

Physical description:
11 pages 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1872
Topic:
Cultural assimilation  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Indians of North America--Cultural assimilation  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_928949

Cold Journey 1975

Creator:
National Film Board of Canada  Search this
Physical description:
reference three film reels (2,700 feet) sound color 16mm
Type:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Place:
North America
Canada
Date:
1975
Topic:
Indians of North America--Education  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Indians of North America--Cultural assimilation  Search this
Local number:
HSFA 2003.5.54
Restrictions & Rights:
Information on reproduction and fees available from Human Studies Film Archives
Data Source:
Human Studies Film Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_398642

Redboy : the Indian bull rider / by David Redboy Schildt

Author:
Schildt, David Redboy  Search this
Subject:
Schildt, David Redboy  Search this
Physical description:
xx, 220, xii pages : illustrations, portraits ; 22 cm
Type:
Biography
Biographies
Place:
United States
Montana
Blackfeet Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation of Montana
Date:
2007
Topic:
Bull riders  Search this
Indians in rodeos  Search this
Rodeo performers  Search this
Indian cowboys  Search this
Bull riding  Search this
Bronc riding  Search this
Indians of North America--Cultural assimilation  Search this
Call number:
E78.M9 S354 2007
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1101084

Indian blues : American Indians and the politics of music, 1879-1934 / John W. Troutman

Author:
Troutman, John William  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 323 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Music
Criticism, interpretation, etc
History
Place:
North America
United States
Date:
2009
©2009
20th century
Topic:
Indian dance--History  Search this
Music--History and criticism  Search this
Cultural assimilation  Search this
Popular music--History and criticism  Search this
Off-reservation boarding schools--History  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Call number:
ML3557 .T755 2009
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_926419

Everything you know about Indians is wrong / Paul Chaat Smith

Author:
Smith, Paul Chaat  Search this
Subject:
Smith, Paul Chaat  Search this
Physical description:
193 pages, 4 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2009
©2009
1934-
Topic:
Cultural assimilation  Search this
Ethnic identity  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_918399

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