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Cedar Bark Blanket

Collector:
Dr. Franz Boas  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. Franz Boas  Search this
Culture:
Kwakiutl (Kwakwaka'wakw)  Search this
Object Type:
Blanket
Place:
British Columbia, Canada, North America
Accession Date:
7 Jan 1896
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
030192
USNM Number:
E175487-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3d7b1d218-e755-4b07-8e14-eca9e749aad4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8350857
Online Media:

Harpoon head with side blades

Culture/People:
probably Thule Tradition: Old Bering Sea Stage (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Possible owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Object Name:
Harpoon head with side blades
Media/Materials:
Walrus Ivory, chert
Techniques:
Carved, incised, flaked/chipped
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Banks Island; Inuvialuit Settlement Region; Northwest Territories; Canada
Archipelago:
Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Island Name:
Banks Island
Island Grouping:
South Canadian Arctic Islands
Date created:
probably AD 100–500
Catalog Number:
6/3871
Barcode:
063871.000
See related items:
Thule Tradition: Old Bering Sea Stage (archaeological culture)
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f80ee531-22ff-47f6-adc2-52800419e919
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_68994
Online Media:

Adze handle with design of wolf and walrus heads

Culture/People:
probably Thule Tradition: Old Bering Sea Stage (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Collector:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Previous owner:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Seller:
George Thornton Emmons (George T. Emmons/G.T. Emmons), Non-Indian, 1852-1945  Search this
Object Name:
Adze handle with design of wolf and walrus heads
Media/Materials:
Fossil ivory
Techniques:
Carved, incised, drilled
Dimensions:
33 x 2.5 x 6 cm
Object Type:
Woodworking tools
Place:
Banks Island; Inuvialuit Settlement Region; Northwest Territories; Canada
Archipelago:
Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Island Name:
Banks Island
Island Grouping:
South Canadian Arctic Islands
Date created:
probably AD 100–500
Catalog Number:
2/4318
Barcode:
024318.000
See related items:
Thule Tradition: Old Bering Sea Stage (archaeological culture)
Woodworking tools
On View:
NMAI, New York, NY: Infinity of Nations, Arctic & Subarctic
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c899d36a-22ec-4d76-b824-73c48b36b398
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_25811
Online Media:

Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska

Creator:
Bernard, Joseph-Fidèle, 1878-1972  Search this
Extent:
11 Glass plate negatives
11 Copy negatives
Culture:
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Copy negatives
Place:
Alaska
Siberia (Russia)
Date:
1921
Summary:
The Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska consists of negatives taken by Bernard in 1921 among the Inupiaq (Alaska Inupiat Eskimo) and Siberian Yu'pik communities. Bernard was an artic trader, trapper and captain of the schooner "Teddy Bear."
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 11 black and white glass negatives, taken by Joseph-Fidèle Bernard in 1921, along with 11 copy negatives (acetate) made by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in the 1960's. The images include scenes of daily life in Nome, Alaska among the Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo) community. The majority of the image are portraits of men, women and children. None of those photographed have been identified. In additon to the photographs in Nome, there is one view of a Siberian Yu'pik vilage in East Cape, Siberia, and one view of a kayak storage location in Cape of Prince of Wales, Alaska.
Arrangement:
The negatives are arranged in original catalog number order; N08110-N08120.
Biographical / Historical:
Born in 1878 in Tignish, Prince Edward Island, Canada, Joseph-Fidèle Bernard was an arctic trader, trapper and captain/owner of the schooner "Teddy Bear"(based in Nome, Alaska). He assisted Canadian ethnologist/explorer Vilhjalmur Stefansson (1879-1962) and anthropologist Diamond Jenness (1886-1969) on their travels in Alaska and upper Canada. Bernard was in Coronation Gulf in 1910 and remained there for extended periods between 1910-1914, trading for furs and ethnographic objects. Nearby Bernard Harbour is named for him. In 1921, Bernard and the Teddy Bear became locked in the ice on their way from Nome to Wrangell Island to rescue members of Stefansson's party. Bernard later settled in Cordova, Alaska, where he was harbor master. He died in 1972 in Sitka.
Related Materials:
Additional collections with Joseph F. Bernard materials iclude the Joseph F. Bernard papers, 1900-1970, at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, Elmer E. Rasmuson Library and the Joseph-Fidele Bernard photograph collection, 1901-1923, at the Alaska State Library.
Provenance:
This collection was likley a purchase from Joseph-Fidèle Bernard around 1923 by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Indians of North America -- Alaska  Search this
Teddy Bear (Schooner)  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.132
See more items in:
Joseph-Fidèle Bernard photographs from Alaska
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-132
Online Media:

Daniel Sutherland Davidson prints and negatives

Creator:
Davidson, Daniel Sutherland, 1900-  Search this
Extent:
36 Photographic prints (albumen, 2.5 x 4 inches.)
101 Acetate negatives (black and white, 5 x 7 inches.)
Culture:
Chickahominy  Search this
Algonquin (Algonkin)  Search this
Pamunkey  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Acetate negatives
Black-and-white negatives
Albumen prints
Photographs
Date:
1925
Summary:
This collection consists of 101 black-and-white acetate negatives and 36 albumen prints taken by Daniel Sutherland Davidson in 1925. The images portray Pamunkey and Chickahominy Indians of Virginia and the Algonquin (Kitcisakik, Grand Lake Victoria) and Tetes de Boule (Attikamek) Indians of Quebec, Canada.
Arrangement note:
Negatives: organized in individual sleeves; arranged by image number.

Prints: organized in folders; arranged by image number.
Biographical/Historical note:
Daniel Sutherland Davidson (1900-1952) was born in Cohoes, New York. He graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1923 and continued his studies there, eventually receiving his Ph.D. in anthropology in 1928. Davidson went on to teach at the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Buffalo and finally the University of Washington. He did a considerable amount of field work among the Algonquin Indians in Quebec, as well as various tribes in Virginia, but his abiding interest was in aboriginal Australian culture.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment.
Rights:
Copyright: National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Virginia  Search this
Indians of North America -- Québec (Province)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white negatives
Albumen prints
Photographs
Citation:
Daniel Sutherland Davidson prints and negatives, National Museum of the American Indian Archives, Smithsonian Institution (image, negative or catalog number).
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.044
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-044

Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records

Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Collector:
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Davis, Edward H., b. 1862  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Harrington, M. R. (Mark Raymond), 1882-1971  Search this
Harvey, Byron  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Gridley, Marion E. (Marion Eleanor), 1906-1974  Search this
Wildschut, William  Search this
Stiles, William F., 1912-1980  Search this
Verrill, A. Hyatt (Alpheus Hyatt), 1871-1954  Search this
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925  Search this
Waterman, T. T. (Thomas Talbot), 1885-1936  Search this
Harvey, Fred  Search this
Keppler, Udo J., 1872-1956  Search this
Lothrop, S. K. (Samuel Kirkland), 1892-1965  Search this
Barrett, S. A. (Samuel Alfred), 1879-1965  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Barrett, S. A. (Samuel Alfred), 1879-1965  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Davis, Edward H., b. 1862  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Gridley, Marion E. (Marion Eleanor), 1906-1974  Search this
Harrington, M. R. (Mark Raymond), 1882-1971  Search this
Harvey, Byron  Search this
Harvey, Fred  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Keppler, Udo J., 1872-1956  Search this
Lothrop, S. K. (Samuel Kirkland), 1892-1965  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Stiles, William F., 1912-1980  Search this
Verrill, A. Hyatt (Alpheus Hyatt), 1871-1954  Search this
Waterman, T. T. (Thomas Talbot), 1885-1936  Search this
Wildschut, William  Search this
Director:
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Source:
Force, Roland W.  Search this
Burnett, Edwin K.  Search this
Names:
Ford-Bartlett East Greenland Expedition 1930  Search this
Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899)  Search this
Hendricks-Hodge Expedition (1917-1923).  Search this
Huntington Free Library  Search this
Hyde Exploring Expedition (1902-1903)  Search this
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research  Search this
Former owner:
Burnett, Edwin K.  Search this
Force, Roland W.  Search this
Extent:
400 Linear feet
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Administrative records
Photographs
Annual reports
Field notes
Correspondence
Ledgers (account books)
Minutes
Date:
1890-1998
Summary:
These records document the governance and programmatic activities of the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation (MAI) from its inception in 1904 until its sublimation by the Smithsonian Institution in 1990. The types of materials present in this collection include personal and institutional correspondence, individual subject files, minutes and annual reports, financial ledgers, legal records, expedition field notes, research notes, catalog and object lists, publications, clippings, flyers, maps, photographs, negatives and audio-visual materials. These materials span a varied range of subjects relating to the activities of the museum which are more fully described on the series level.
Scope and Contents:
These records document the governance and programmatic activities of the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation (MAI) from its inception in 1904 until its sublimation by the Smithsonian Institution in 1990. The types of materials present in this collection include personal and institutional correspondence, individual subject files, minutes and annual reports, financial ledgers, legal records, expedition field notes, research notes, catalog and object lists, publications, clippings, flyers, maps, photographs, negatives and audio-visual materials. These materials span a varied range of subjects relating to the activities of the museum which are more fully described on the series level.
Arrangement:
The MAI, Heye Foundation records have been arranged into 21 series and 50 subseries: Series 1: Directors, 1908-1990 (1.1: George Gustav Heye, 1863-1962, 1.2: Edwin K. Burnett, 1943-1960, 1.3: Frederick Dockstader, 1950-1976, 1.4: Alexander F. Draper, 1972-1977, 1.5:Roland W. Force, 1963-1990, 1.6: George Eager, Assistant Director, 1977-1990) Series 2: Board of Trustees, 1916-1990 (2.1: Board of Trustee Minutes, 1916-1990, 2.2: Individual Board Correspondence, 1943-1990, 2.3: Subject Files, 1917-1990) Series 3: Administrative, 1916-1989 (3.1: Subject Files, 1904-1991, 3.2: Personnel, 1956-1991, 3.3: Legal, 1900-1989, 3.4: Task Force, 1976-1986, 3.5: George Abrams, 1980-1991) Series 4: Financial, 1916-1990 (4.1: Ledgers, 1900-1962, 4.2: Correspondence, 1905-1985, 4.3: Subject Files, 1916-1990) Series 5: Expeditions, 1896-1973Series 6: Collectors, 1872-1981Series 7: Registration, 1856-1993Series 8: Collections Management, 1937-1988Series 9: Curatorial, 1963-1990 (9.1: Curatorial Council, 1973-1990, 9.2: Gary Galante, 1979-1991, 9.3: Mary Jane Lenz, 1974-1994, 9.4: James G. E. Smith, 1963-1990, 9.5: U. Vincent Wilcox, 1968-1984, 9.6: Anna C. Roosevelt, 1973-1988) Series 10: Exhibits, 1923-1991 (10.1: MAI Exhibits, 1923-1990, 10.2: Non-MAI Exhibits, 1937-1991) Series 11: Public Programs, 1935-1990Series 12: Publications, 1904-1994 (12.1: Annual Reports, 1917-1989, 12.2: Publications by MAI, 1904-1990, 12.3: Publications by Other Sources, 1881-1990, 12.4: Administration, 1920-1988, 12.5: Archival Set of Official Publications, 1907-1976) Series 13: Public Affairs, 1938-1991Series 14: Development, 1927-1991 (14.1: Administration, 1979-1990, 14.2: Donors, 1978-1990, 14.3: Fundraising, 1973-1990, 14.4: Grants, 1970-1990, 14.5: Subject Files, 1976-1990) Series 15: Other Departments, 1914-1990 (15.1: Archives, 1914-1990, 15.2: Conservation, 1972-1989, 15.3: Education, 1921-1990, 15.4: Indian Information Center, 1977-1989, 15.5: Museum Shop, 1947-1989, 15.6: Photography, 1918-1990, 15.7: Physical Anthropology, 1919-1956) Series 16: Huntington Free Library, 1926-1991Series 17: Museum Relocation, 1969-1992 (17.1: Subject Files, 1979-1990, 17.2: American Museum of Natural History, 1980-1987, 17.3: Dallas, Texas, 1984-1987, 17.4: Smithsonian Institution, 1979-1990, 17.5: U.S. Custom House, 1977-1990, 17.6: Other Locations, 1974-1987) Series 18: MediaSeries 19: PhotographsSeries 20: Miscellaneous, 1837-1990Series 21: Oversize, 1873-1972 (21.1: Maps, 1873-1975, 21.2: Miscellaneous, 1884-1982)
History of the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation:
The Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation was established by wealthy collector George Gustav Heye in 1908. Heye began collecting American Indian artifacts as early as 1897 and his collection rapidly increased over the next several years. Based in New York, Heye bought collections and documentary photographs, sponsored expeditions, and traveled and collected items himself. In addition, once MAI was established he sponsored numerous expeditions across the Western Hemisphere, including North American, Canada, South America and Central America.

From 1908 to 1917 Heye housed his artifacts on temporary loan at the University of Pennsylvania's University Museum, Pennsylvania, in lofts on East 33rd Street in New York City, and at other depositories. In 1917, the collections moved from his apartment to their permanent museum location at Audubon Terrace, at 155th Street and Broadway in New York City. The museum, containing ethnographic and archaeological collections from North, Central and South America, opened to the public in 1922. Less than ten years later, Heye completed a storage facility in the Pelham Bay area of the Bronx, known as the Research Branch. Heye served as Chairman of the Board and Museum Director until his death in 1957. After growing concern about the financial and other management of the collections came to a head, the museum became part of the Smithsonian Institution in 1989 and in 1994 opened exhibit space in the U.S. Customs House at Bowling Green near New York City's Battery Park. The Cultural Resources Center in Suitland, Maryland later opened in 1999 and the main Washington, DC museum opened in 2004.

Please visit the following links for more information about the history of the museum; History of the Collection, Collections Overview, and Significance of the Collection. Moreover, for information about how the museum currently cares for and exhibits the collection, please see the Conservation department and recent entries regarding Exhibitions and Conservation on the NMAI Blog. In addition, see portions of the NMAI Archive Center's collections highlighted in the SIRIS Blog.
Related Materials:
In 2004, the Huntington Fee Library, once part of the MAI/Heye Foundation, was transferred to the Cornell University Library Rare Book and Manuscript Collection. While this collection mainly contained books, it also contained a significant amount of archival materials. The Huntington Free Library's Native American Collection contains outstanding materials documenting the history, culture, languages, and arts of the native tribes of both North and South America, as well as contemporary politics and human rights issues are also important components of the collection. Further information about the collection and links to finding aids can be found here: rmc.library.cornell.edu/collections/HFL_old.html.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Peru  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Tennessee  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- New York (State)  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Panama  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- New Jersey  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- New Mexico  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Missouri  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Nevada  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- California  Search this
Indians of South America  Search this
Indians of Central America  Search this
Pre-Columbian objects  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Texas  Search this
Museums -- Collection management  Search this
Archaeological expeditions  Search this
Ethnological expeditions  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Museums -- Acquisitions  Search this
Museums -- Curatorship  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Cuba  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Ecuador  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Arkansas  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Canada  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Guatemala  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Haiti  Search this
Genre/Form:
Administrative records
Photographs
Annual reports
Field notes
Correspondence
Ledgers (account books)
Minutes
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001
See more items in:
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001
Online Media:

Rollyn Osterweis Kirchbaum photograph collection of Sitting Bull and Iroquois Indians

Collector:
Kirchbaum, Rollyn Osterweis  Search this
Names:
Beseler Lantern Slide Co.  Search this
Sitting Bull, 1831-1890  Search this
Photographer:
William Notman & Son  Search this
Henderson, Alexander  Search this
Extent:
4 Copy prints
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Copies of lantern slides collected by Rollyn Osterweis Kirchbaum, at least two of which were made by the Beseler Lantern Slide Company. They include two portraits of Sitting Bull as well as views of canoe and basket making by Iroquois Indians in the Lower St. Lawrence River region. The photographs depicting Iroquois Indians were probably made by Alexander Henderson, circa 1865-1875. The British Columbia images were originally made by Alexander Henderson, and the Sitting Bull images were originally made by William Notman & Son.
Biographical/Historical note:
Alexander Henderson (1831-1913) and William Notman (1826-1891) were Scottish photographers and colleagues in Montreal, Canada. Notman was mostly a portrait photographer in his studio, William Notman & Son. In the mid-1860s, Henderson also opened a studio in Montreal, but appears to have specialized in outdoor photography. In 1860, the two men made a photographic expedition to Niagara Falls and helped found the Art Association of Montreal.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R78-40
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints made by Rollyn Osterweis Kirchbaum.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The Notman Photographic Archives at McCord Museum and the Archives of Ontario hold original prints and negatives of Alexander Henderson William Notman & Son, including originals of images in this collection.
The National Anthropological Archives holds Sitting Bull's pictographic autobiography (NAA MS 1929).
Additional photographs of Sitting Bull can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4544, MS 4559, Photo Lot 59, Photo Lot 87-2, and Photo Lot 90-1.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes only. Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Topic:
Basket making  Search this
Canoes and canoeing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot R78-40, Rollyn Osterweis Kirchbaum photograph collection of Sitting Bull and Iroquois Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R78-40
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r78-40

W. Langdon Kihn papers

Creator:
Kihn, W. Langdon  Search this
Names:
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
Artzybasheff, Boris, 1899-1965  Search this
Barbeau, Marius, 1883-1969  Search this
Dale, Chester, b. 1883  Search this
Dale, Maud, 1875-1953  Search this
Dixon, Maynard, 1875-1946  Search this
Downs, Olin  Search this
Fisher, Franklin L.  Search this
Kihn, Alfred  Search this
Kihn, Helen Butler  Search this
Laubin, Gladys  Search this
Laubin, Reginald  Search this
Lecomte du Noüy, Marie  Search this
Lecomte du Noüy, Pierre, 1883-1947  Search this
Oakley, Thorton, 1881-1953  Search this
Skinner, Constance Lindsay, 1882-1939  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Wellcome, Henry S., Sir (Henry Solomon), 1853-1936  Search this
Wiggins, Guy C. (Guy Carleton), 1883-1962  Search this
Extent:
8.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Diaries
Sketches
Photographs
Poetry
Writings
Date:
1904-1990
bulk 1904-1957
Summary:
The papers of painter and illustrator W. Langdon Kihn measure approximately 8.5 linear feet and date from 1904-1990, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1904-1957. Papers document Kihn's career and travels associated with his interests in documenting the native American tribal nations of the United States and Canada in portraiture and writings. Found here are biographical materials, voluminous correspondence, memoirs and writings, one travel diary, printed material, financial records, three sketchbooks, sketches, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of painter and illustrator W. Langdon Kihn measure approximately 8.5 linear feet and date from 1904-1990, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1904-1957. Papers document Kihn's career and travels associated with his interests in documenting the native American tribal nations of the United States and Canada in portraiture and writings. Found here are biographical material, voluminous correspondence, memoirs and writings, one travel diary, printed material, financial records, three sketchbooks, sketches, and photographs.

Biographical materials include address books, membership cards, exhibition and price lists, legal and travel documents, as well as biographical notes. Additional biographical sketches are found in the Writings and Notes series.

Correspondence is the largest series in the collection, almost half of the papers. In addition to letters to W. Langdon Kihn, this series include both originals and drafts of his outgoing letters; letters to his wife Helen from friends; third party business correspondence between his father, Alfred Kihn, and various parties undertaken on his son's behalf; and third party correspondence addressed to his friend and colleague, the Canadian ethnographer, Marius Barbeau. In addition to Barbeau, significant correspondents include Constance Lindsay Skinner, Chester and Maud Dale, Sir Henry Wellcome, Pierre and Marie "May" Lecompte du Noüy, and Reginald and Gladys Laubin. Although there is little correspondence with other artists, those represented with cards and letters in this collection include Boris Artzybasheff, Maynard Dixon, Olin Dows, Thornton Oakley, and Kihn's summer art school partner, Gus Wiggins. Correspondence with Franklin L. Fisher, Chief of National Geographic Magazine's Illustrated Division and Matthew W. Striling, Chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution dominate the period spanning from 1935 - 1952, the years of Kihn's close association with the National Geographic Society.

Writings and notes includes manuscripts and typescripts of articles, poems, lectures, memoirs, and other writings by Kihn and others. There is one travel diary dated circa 1924-1925, and numerous writings about Kihn's travels and documentation of native American Indians.

Printed materials include exhibition catalogs, travel brochures, and magazine and newspaper clippings. Also found here are copies of Kihn's illustrations for books by other authors, including Beaver, Kings and Cabins, by Constance Lindsay Skinner, as well as proofs from the National Geographic series on American Indians arranged by geographic location. Financial records consist of invoices and receipts related to Kihn's artwork, traveling, and exhibitions.

Three sketchbooks and loose sketches include illustrated field notes and other drawings that document Kihn's travels and of native Americans. Photographs are of Kihn, and of Kihn at work. There are also photographs of Kihn's artwork.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 7 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1916-1957 (Box 1; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1904-1959 (Boxes 1-5; 4.0 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings and Notes, circa 1920-1990 (Box 5-6; 1.0 linear feet)

Series 4: Printed Material, circa 1920-1957 (Boxes 6-8, OV 10; 2.2 linear feet)

Series 5: Financial Records, 1920-1955 (Box 8; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 6: Sketchbooks and Sketches, circa 1922-1955 (Boxes 8-9, OV 10; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Photographs, circa 1920-1955 (Box 9; 5 folders)
Biographical Note:
Born in Brooklyn, New York, W. (Wilfred) Langdon Kihn (1898-1959) is best known for his portraits of American Indians and illustrations of their history, culture and rapidly disappearing way of life. In 1919, Kihn joined his art teacher Winold Reiss on a trip to the Blackfeet Reservation in Montana where he completed his first series of portraits. This marked the beginning of his lifelong career of documenting the tribal nations of the United States and Canada. Through commissions from Canadian and American Railroad companies, Kihn spent much of the 1920s traversing both the United States and Northwest Canada where he had the opportunity to record the members and lives of various tribes. During this period, his paintings also traveled the country in a one man exhibition of his American Indian portraits, which was arranged by the Brooklyn Museum, and traveled to about 40 institutions in the United States. However his largest and best known commission was a project to research and paint North American Indians for serial publication in National Geographic. Kihn received the commission in 1935 and his association with the organization spanned two decades, culminating in the 1955 exhibition of his work at the National Geographic Museum, Washington, D.C, and the publication Indians of the Americas, with copius illustrations derived from Kihn's paintings and drawings.

In addition to his travels and work in North America, Kihn enjoyed a brief stint between 1929-1932 painting in France and Spain. Upon his return he focused upon obtaining commercial work and enjoyed success as an illustrator, whose work was featured in Beaver, Kings and Cabins (1933) and Flat Tail (1935), among other books. Kihn also wrote articles about his travels; amateur painters, whom he specialized in teaching; and American Indian legends and tribal cultures. Between 1948-1951 he was a partner in the Guy Wiggins-W. Langdon Kihn Art School in Essex, Connecticut. He married Helen Butler in 1920 and in between their travels the couple eventually settled in East Haddam, Connecticut. W. Langdon Kihn died in 1957.
Provenance:
Helen Kihn, W. Langdon Kihn's widow, donated the bulk of the collection in 1959. In 1994 Phyllis Kihn, the artist's daughter, donated pages 1-8 of Kihn's original manuscript of his memoirs and a transcript of the complete memoirs.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Connecticut  Search this
Topic:
Book illustrators -- Connecticut  Search this
Indians of North America -- Pictorial works  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Diaries
Sketches
Photographs
Poetry
Writings
Citation:
W. Langdon Kihn papers, 1904-1990, bulk 1904-1957. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kihnwlan
See more items in:
W. Langdon Kihn papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kihnwlan

Cap

Donor Name:
W H. Kelly  Search this
Length - Object:
30 cm
Width - Object:
14 cm
Height - Object:
8 cm
Culture:
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee)  Search this
Object Type:
Hat
Place:
United States (not certain) / Canada (not certain), North America
Accession Date:
8 Jun 1990
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
380496
USNM Number:
E425737-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3b8a46556-3359-4aa3-a781-611ff3d2e957
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8458891
Online Media:

Pincushion

Donor Name:
Mrs. Nevada E. Schmidt  Search this
Culture:
Micmac (Mi'kmaq)  Search this
Object Type:
Pin Cushion
Place:
Nova Scotia, Canada, North America
Accession Date:
6 Jun 1963
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
246936
USNM Number:
E402099-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/328587ce4-852f-410e-9ce4-98aade60f09e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8431330
Online Media:

Reticule Wall Pouch

Donor Name:
Mrs. Nevada E. Schmidt  Search this
Culture:
Micmac (Mi'kmaq)  Search this
Object Type:
Wall Pocket
Place:
Nova Scotia, Canada, North America
Accession Date:
6 Jun 1963
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
246936
USNM Number:
E402100-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3be2c5957-0a16-40f5-bc21-d8cff23c68c3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8431333
Online Media:

Double Pouch

Collector:
Lucy C. Williams  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. Hermann W. Williams Jr.  Search this
Culture:
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee)  Search this
Object Type:
Bag
Place:
Niagara Falls, New York / Ontario, United States / Canada, North America
Accession Date:
11 Feb 1953
Collection Date:
1857 to 1860
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
196603
USNM Number:
E392307-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/364210ded-bfed-4691-b7dc-b161569ced92
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8422632
Online Media:

Pair Of Moccasins

Collector:
Rev. John M. Cooper  Search this
Rev. Eli W. Lindesmith  Search this
Donor Name:
Catholic University Of America  Search this
Culture:
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee)  Search this
Object Type:
Moccasin
Place:
United States / Canada, North America
Accession Date:
6 Jul 1956
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
211312
USNM Number:
E395268-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/383e39d9f-570c-4b01-b7ab-615f10305edb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8423969
Online Media:

Pouch

Collector:
Lucy C. Williams  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. Hermann W. Williams Jr.  Search this
Culture:
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee)  Search this
Object Type:
Bag
Place:
Niagara Falls, New York / Ontario, United States / Canada, North America
Accession Date:
11 Feb 1953
Collection Date:
1857 to 1860
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
196603
USNM Number:
E392308-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/32e22b101-c7e6-407b-bf2d-868c8ca7a733
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8422633
Online Media:

Pair Of Moccasins

Donor Name:
Lawrence A. McNary  Search this
Culture:
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee)  Search this
Object Type:
Moccasin
Place:
United States / Canada, North America
Accession Date:
17 Jun 1936
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
139958
USNM Number:
E377924-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3ee6791d0-8bde-4c0d-a559-8e0e38b5f52a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8414275
Online Media:

Beaded Bag

Donor Name:
Victor J. Evans  Search this
Culture:
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee)  Search this
Micmac (Mi'kmaq)  Search this
Object Type:
Bag
Place:
United States / Canada, North America
Accession Date:
20 Mar 1931
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
113605
USNM Number:
E357705-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/383a58030-ad33-4e3d-b98b-78f8c331da00
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8404299
Online Media:

Moccasins With Heavy Bead Work

Collector:
Dr. George B. Goode  Search this
Donor Name:
Mrs. Sarah F. Goode  Search this
Culture:
Micmac (Mi'kmaq)  Search this
Object Type:
Moccasin
Place:
Nova Scotia, Canada, North America
Accession Date:
4 Feb 1902
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
038947
USNM Number:
E30839-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/30928cb85-d2f2-4d14-bba6-a82432c2e00e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8388573

Moccasins

Collector:
Dr. George B. Goode  Search this
Donor Name:
Mrs. Sarah F. Goode  Search this
Culture:
Micmac (Mi'kmaq)  Search this
Object Type:
Moccasin
Place:
Shubenacadie, Nova Scotia, Canada, North America
Accession Date:
4 Feb 1902
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
038947
USNM Number:
E30840-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3962a6a4a-912b-4678-9858-eef8ffdf6baa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8388575
Online Media:

Beaded Mat

Donor Name:
Mrs. S E. Cummings  Search this
Culture:
Micmac (Mi'kmaq)  Search this
Object Type:
Mat
Place:
Nova Scotia, Canada, North America
Accession Date:
18 Jun 1913
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
055589
USNM Number:
E278196A-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3479317d9-9cfd-479e-b363-c4b76d7d8a01
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8381553
Online Media:

Beaded Mat

Donor Name:
Mrs. S E. Cummings  Search this
Culture:
Micmac (Mi'kmaq)  Search this
Object Type:
Mat
Place:
Nova Scotia, Canada, North America
Accession Date:
18 Jun 1913
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
055589
USNM Number:
E278196C-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3836fe79b-ad5f-401d-a8d5-6ca5ccd3d749
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8381555
Online Media:

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