Portraits of Native Americans made by Charles Milton Bell in his Washington, DC studio. Depicted individuals include Red Cloud, Oglala; Spotted Tail, Brule; Quanah Parker, Comanche; Nawat, Arapaho; Scabby Bull, Arapaho; Wolf Robe, Cheyenne; D. W. Bushyhead, Cherokee; John Jumper, Seminole; Plenty Coups, Crow; Rushing Bear, Arikara; Gall, Hunkpapa; John Grass, Sihasapa; Lean Wolf, Hidatsa; Chief Joseph, Nez Perce; and Lone Wolf, Kiowa; as well as people associated with Pawnee Bill's Wild West Show. The collection also includes copies of some images by other photographers, including G. G. Rockwood and F. T. Cummins.
Charles Milton Bell (circa 1849-1893) was the youngest member of a family of photographers that operated a studio in Washington, DC, from around 1860-1874. Bell established his own studio on Pennsylvania Avenue in 1873 and it rapidly became one of the leading photography studios in the city. Bell developed the patronage of Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden, who sent Native American visitors to the studio to have their portraits made. Bell also made photographs of Native Americans for the Department of the Interior and the Bureau of American Ethnology.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 80, NAA MS 4661
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Copy prints previously filed in MS 4661 have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 80. These are also copy prints of Bell negatives that were acquired from Boyce and form part of this collection.
Additional C. M. Bell photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4420, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 81-44, Photo lot 87-2P, and Photo Lot 90-1.
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Indians of North America -- Southern states Search this
On-a-wat was a member of the 1890 Sauk and Fox delegation which was photographed by C. M. Bell in BAE 693-c,-d.
"On-on-a-wat" name written on original jacket. Spelling corrected and date determined from BAE Negative 667-a,-b (R), in which he is wearing similar clothing except that in BAE Negative 667-a,-b he is wearing a bear-tooth necklace and fur hat.
Two sheets with pencil drawings of 35 plants, each accompanied by a legend in the Cherokee syllabary. Also small black notebook containing miscellaneous notes on Cherokee, etc, and a list of Choctaw clans. Pages 1-4 are headed, "Hawanitaʹs Plant Pictures" with 35 plant names, probably corresponding to the drawings. The remainder of the notebook covers: miscellaneous notes, including stories by Cherokee informants (6 pages); vocabulary and notes relating to disease (17 pages); circular burial diagram and notes (1 page); "Cherokee Nation Index," which gives page references to some other publication or manuscript. Papers of Chas. Buttrick, Jr. (3 pages); "Adair", notes (2 pages); transcripts of letters, in Mooneyʹs shorthand (3 pages); miscellaneous notes (1 page); "Chey (?) Race Story" (2 pages); "Locations Cherokee" (2 pages); names and addresses of informants; notes on Choctaw and adjacent tribes, including list of Choctaw Clans (7 pages); and Cherokee informants (1 page).
NAA MS 3462
The notebook was digitized to reflect the order of the writing in the original notebook. It is currently displayed in that same order. It starts from front cover towards middle, then back cover towards middle. This ordering will facilitate in the reading of the manuscript. Listed before the notebook are two loose drawings of plants.
MS 300-a: "The Mutsun linguistic family of Middle California: a comparative table of affinities drawn from its numerous dialects" by Albert S. Gatschet. January 1888. 13 pp. The purpose of the paper was to consolidate the Costanoan with the Moquelummnan (Miwok) families, and to designate the aggregate by the name Mutsun.
MS 300-b Letter from Jeremiah Curtin to Henry W. Henshaw. February 188. 7 pp. and 2 large tables. Letter encloses and is critical of Gatschet's paper.
Card files containing Truman Michelson's handwritten linguistic notes on Natick (Wampanoag) phonetic shifts based on examples taken from James Hammond Trumbull's Natick Dictionary. Includes English translations.
The title quoted above is written by Michelson on card 583. The reference is to Rodolphe Petter, English-Cheyenne Dictionary, Kettle Falls, Washington, 1913-1915. Michelson has re-written the Cheyenne phonetically as he heard it from William Rowland. Cards carry additional notations made December 1971 by Herman Pevner, Northern Cheyenne Reservation, Lame Deer Montana.