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American Indian Social and Political memorabilia, circa 1970-2006

Creator:
Amiotte, Arthur  Search this
Dancer, David  Search this
Great Plains Indian Rodeo Association  Search this
Greeves, R. V  Search this
Herd, Stan  Search this
Montileaux, Donald  Search this
No Heart, Daryl  Search this
No Neck, Delbert  Search this
Red Bear, Martin Dakota, Oglala  Search this
Runnels, Vic  Search this
Tarnowski, Glen  Search this
Tsinhnahjinnie, H  Search this
Turnbull, Susan  Search this
Under Baggage, Richard  Search this
Akwesasne Mohawk Counselor Organization  Search this
Akwesasne Notes  Search this
American Indian Dance Theatre  Search this
American Indian Heritage Foundation  Search this
American Indian Higher Education Consortium  Search this
American Indian Resources Institute  Search this
Bacone College  Search this
Black Hills State University  Search this
Chadron State College  Search this
Cherokee National Historical Society Inc  Search this
Colorado State University  Search this
Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde  Search this
Coos County Indian Education Coordination Program  Search this
DQ University  Search this
Dallas-Fort Worth Inter-Tribal Association  Search this
Eight Northern Indian Pueblo Council  Search this
Idyllwild School and Museum for the Arts  Search this
Institute of American Indian Art  Search this
Lakota Archives and Historical Research Center  Search this
Las Vegas Paiute Tribe  Search this
Miss Arizona Indian Pageant  Search this
National Indian Health Board  Search this
Native Amercian Rights Fund  Search this
Native American Women's Health Education Resource Center  Search this
Northwest Indian Child Welfare Association  Search this
Oglala Lakota College  Search this
Oglala Sioux Black Hills Steering Committee  Search this
Pine Ridge Child Protection Team  Search this
Plains Indian Cultural Center  Search this
Oscar Howe Art Center  Search this
Red Cloud Indian School  Search this
Sinte Gleska College  Search this
St. Francis Indian School  Search this
St Mary's Mission School, Red Lake  Search this
Suquamish Museum  Search this
Tulsa Indian Arts Festival  Search this
United Southern and Eastern Tribes  Search this
Culture:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Mohawk Indians  Search this
Paiute Indians  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Potawatomi Indians  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Yavapai Indians  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Yakama Indians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America Northeast  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America Plateau  Search this
Type:
Memorabilia
Collection descriptions
Ephemera
Place:
North America
Date:
1970
1970-2006
circa 1970-2006
20th century
Topic:
Politics--American Indian  Search this
Health--American Indian  Search this
AIDS (Disease)--Prevention  Search this
Pow wows--American Indian  Search this
Rodeos--American Indian  Search this
Child care--American Indian  Search this
Indian art  Search this
Dances--American Indian  Search this
Sports--American Indian  Search this
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_87931

Miscellaneous notes (Series 14)

Creator:
Taylor, Lyda Averill  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, Lyda Averill  Search this
Culture:
Alibamu  Search this
Alibamu  Search this
American Indian -- Mexico -- Dances  Search this
Coushatta (Koasati)  Search this
Alabama Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Also includes notes relating to Mexican Indian dances
Arrangement:
14 items
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4658 (14)
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4658, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4658 Field notes and ethnographic material on Alabama, Choctaw, and Koasati (latter incomplete), plus a partial Southeast comparative ethnology of southeastern U.S.
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4658-ref14

Indian ceremonial dances in the Southwest, a block-book

Creator:
Stewart, Dorothy N. (Dorothy Newkirk), 1891-1955  Search this
Stewart, Dorothy N. (Dorothy Newkirk), 1891-1955  Search this
Type:
Printed Materials
Place:
Santa Fe, N.M.
Date:
copyright 1950
Topic:
American Indians in art  Search this
Dance  Search this
Relief prints  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)14631
See more items in:
Dorothy Stewart papers, 1925-1955
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_14631

Acoma War Dancer

Artist:
Awa Tsireh, born San Ildefonso Pueblo, NM1898-died San Ildefonso Pueblo, NM ca. 1955  Search this
Medium:
watercolor, ink, and pencil on paperboard
Dimensions:
sheet: 10 3/4 x 7 1/8 in. (27.4 x 18.1 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
ca. 1920-1925
Topic:
Figure female\full length  Search this
Dress\ceremonial\Indian dress  Search this
Ceremony\dance\War Dance  Search this
Ethnic\Indian\Acoma  Search this
Object\musical instrument\castinets  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Corbin-Henderson Collection, gift of Alice H. Rossin
Object number:
1979.144.21
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7fb40ae50-9007-43d7-a207-80d1b497af03
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1979.144.21

Basket Dancer

Artist:
Awa Tsireh, born San Ildefonso Pueblo, NM1898-died San Ildefonso Pueblo, NM ca. 1955  Search this
Medium:
watercolor and pencil on paperboard
Dimensions:
sheet: 10 1/2 x 5 7/8 in. (26.7 x 14.8 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
ca. 1920-1930
Topic:
Ethnic\Indian  Search this
Figure female\full length  Search this
Dress\ceremonial\Indian dress  Search this
Ceremony\dance\Basket Dance  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Corbin-Henderson Collection, gift of Alice H. Rossin
Object number:
1979.144.22
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7688ab7c8-e386-4750-90ac-3b2b17325ec8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1979.144.22

Buffalo Dance

Artist:
Awa Tsireh, born San Ildefonso Pueblo, NM1898-died San Ildefonso Pueblo, NM ca. 1955  Search this
Medium:
watercolor and ink on paperboard
Dimensions:
sheet: 11 1/4 x 14 1/4 in. (28.5 x 36.2 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
ca. 1925-1930
Topic:
Figure group  Search this
Dress\ceremonial\Indian dress  Search this
Ceremony\dance\Buffalo Dance  Search this
Ethnic\Indian\Hopi  Search this
Object\musical instrument\drum  Search this
Object\musical instrument\castinets  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Corbin-Henderson Collection, gift of Alice H. Rossin
Object number:
1979.144.31
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk733f1c6a9-244e-4251-bb97-5a100b71a92e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1979.144.31

Buffalo Dancers

Artist:
Awa Tsireh, born San Ildefonso Pueblo, NM1898-died San Ildefonso Pueblo, NM ca. 1955  Search this
Medium:
watercolor and pencil on paperboard
Dimensions:
sheet: 8 x 10 1/8 in. (20.4 x 25.6 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
ca. 1920-1930
Topic:
Figure group  Search this
Ethnic\Indian  Search this
Dress\ceremonial\Indian dress  Search this
Ceremony\dance\Buffalo Dance  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Corbin-Henderson Collection, gift of Alice H. Rossin
Object number:
1979.144.37
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk73eb59751-5a24-470f-9358-b9af3f23b39f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1979.144.37

32c Fancy Dance single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 3072
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / lithography
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
June 7, 1996
Topic:
American Indian Heritage  Search this
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
Holidays & Celebrations  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1998.2010.279
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm89066d354-c00a-4193-be1b-5208cdb925f3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1998.2010.279

32c Butterfly Dance single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 3073
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / lithography
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
June 7, 1996
Topic:
American Indian Heritage  Search this
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
Holidays & Celebrations  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1998.2010.283
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm85be4ff66-63db-4496-b4c7-2566164420aa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1998.2010.283

32c Traditional Dance single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 3074
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / lithography
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
June 7, 1996
Topic:
American Indian Heritage  Search this
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
Holidays & Celebrations  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1998.2010.287
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm84ba09a38-e814-4bda-9b68-e3ff853d5e85
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1998.2010.287

32c Raven Dance single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 3075
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / lithography
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
June 7, 1996
Topic:
American Indian Heritage  Search this
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
Holidays & Celebrations  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1998.2010.291
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm8d766416d-a737-4fb8-8aa1-4867b90b6b98
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1998.2010.291

32c Hoop Dance single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 3076
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / lithography
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
June 7, 1996
Topic:
American Indian Heritage  Search this
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
Holidays & Celebrations  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1998.2010.296
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm8e2281f6b-602e-40dd-b992-501005870398
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1998.2010.296

Fort Peck Assiniboine and Sioux Tribe Code Talkers, United States, 2014

Maker:
United States Mint  Search this
Physical Description:
bronze (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: .7 cm x 7.7 cm; 9/32 in x 3 1/32 in
Object Name:
medal
Place made:
United States
Date made:
2014
Date on object:
2008
Credit Line:
Transfer from the U.S. Mint
ID Number:
2016.0205.75
Accession number:
2016.0205
Catalog number:
2016.0205.75
See more items in:
Work and Industry: National Numismatic Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-35ac-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1814717

Lindy Lou; Rock 'N Roll Indian Dance

Manufacturer:
Herald  Search this
Physical Description:
vinyl (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 in; x 17.78 cm
Object Name:
Sound Recording
Place made:
United States: New Jersey, Elizabeth
Date made:
1956
Credit Line:
Gift of Robert B. Campbell in memory of Dorothy and William Campbell
ID Number:
1996.3034.06929
Nonaccession number:
1996.3034
Catalog number:
1996.3034.06929
Label number:
H-485
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Music & Musical Instruments
Popular Entertainment
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a8-b31d-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1013668

Writings

Collection Creator:
Dasburg, Andrew, 1887-1979  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1848-1950
Scope and Contents note:
Found here are writings by Grace Mott Johnson and others. Writings by Johnson include two brief autobiographical writings describing her early life, such as living on a farm, her interest in art, and her art education. Also found is a diary giving an account of her daily activities for one week in 1904, various handwritten recipes and menus, and several issues of "The Johnson Monthly" a home-made magazine written by Grace and her siblings and illustrated by Grace. Of particular interest is a writing entitled "Two Weeks in New Mexico," Johnson's detailed account of her stay in a cottage belonging to Mabel Dodge Luhan in Taos, New Mexico, their attempt to attend an Indian dance, and her interaction with Andrew Dasburg while there. Additional miscellaneous writings by Johnson include poems, writings about civil rights, loose diary-style writings in which she expresses her thoughts on her early life and experiences with psychoanalysis, notes, lists, and other writing fragments, some of which may be draft letters. Writings by others include a draft of an address on natural history given by her relative John Van Cleve, poetry by others, and an essay "Shall Women Vote?" by an unidentified author. Items are arranged chronologically within each folder.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Andrew Dasburg and Grace Mott Johnson papers, 1833-1980 (bulk 1900-1980). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.dasbandr, Subseries 2.3
See more items in:
Andrew Dasburg and Grace Mott Johnson papers
Andrew Dasburg and Grace Mott Johnson papers / Series 2: Grace Mott Johnson Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-dasbandr-ref156

Wolf Robe Hunt Papers

Creator:
Hunt, Wolf Robe, 1905-1977  Search this
Extent:
7.93 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1930-1979
Scope and Contents:
The papers collected here relate to the life and work of Wayne Wolf Robe Hunt, a full-blood Acoma Indian (1905-1977). Born on the Acoma Reservation, Wolf Robe was the son of Chief Day Break (Edward Proctor Hunt), Chief of the Delight Makers -- a man instrumental in the improvement of relations between the Acomas and whites. His mother, Morning Star, whose own father was Governor of Acoma seven times, was a potter and weaver. Wolf Robe learned silver-smithing from his older brother on the reservation.

Wolf Robe achieved recovnition and fame for his jewelry and art work, winning the prestigious Philbrook Art Center's Grand Award in 1967. In addition, he was a businessman, with his own arts and crafts store in Tulsa, a lecturer, international traveller, author, and translator for the Bureau of American Ethnology. He assited L. A. White in his extensive studies of the Acoma Indians and made recordings for the National Anthropological Archives. Wolf Robe was particularly interested in the preservation of tribal customs, language and culture, and devoted his own time to this and the encouragement of others in similar efforts. Of his work at BAE he said, "My work there as an interpreter is the highlight of my efforts in trying to preseve all of the rich and wholesome lore of my people."* Not only was the preservation of the 'old ways' important to Wolf Robe, but also the representation and dissemination of his culture to whites, in an effort to promote their understanding and appreciation. He travelled all over Europe and to Australia for the Departments of Agriculture and Commerce, representing the American Indian to an appreciative audience. Much of the incoming correspondence stems from his travels, as do many of the "publicity" photographs. This collection contains the personal and business papers of a man successfully part of two worlds. Married to a white woman, and devoted to representing, at home and abroad, his tribe and all Indians to whites, Wolf Robe managed to keep close to his tribal world, and actively promoted the preservation and revitalization of his cultural heritage. *From a biographical sketch, written by Wolf Robe in 1957
Biographical Note:
Father: Edward Proctor Hunt (Chief Day Break)

Mother: Morning Star

Brothers: Wilbert Edward Hunt (Blue Sky Eagle), Allen J. Hunt, Irvin Hunt, Alfred Hunt, Clyde Hunt (Sunny Skies)

Sisters: Evelyn Hunt Orcutt, Ida Hunt Eduriger, Josephine Hunt Johnson

Daughter: LoWayne Hunt Craig (Lo Way Ne Ma)

Grandchildren: William Bryce Cadion, Carmen LoWayne Craig

Chronology of Wolf Robe Hunt

1905 -- Born October 14, on the Acoma Reservation, New Mexico

1932 -- Married Glenal Davis

1933 -- Daughter Lo Way Ne Ma (LoWayne) born

1936 -- Opened arts and crafts studio in Tulsa, Oklahoma

1937 -- Director of Indian Dances, Boy Scout Circus Pageant St. Louis, Missouri

1953 -- Indian Arts and Crafts Director, Philbrook Art Center

1963 -- Published Dancing Horses of Acoma (illustrator, co-author)

1964 -- Trip to Germany for the Department of Agriculture

1965-1969 -- Traveled for the Department of Commerce as part of the "Made in America" tours

1967 -- Grand Award at Philbrook Art Center

1970 -- Trip to Hawaii

1973 -- Oklahoma's Outstanding Indian of the Year

1974 -- Waite Phillips Victory Trophy at Philbrook Art Center for support and encouragement of other Indian artists

1977 -- Died
Provenance:
The papers of Wayne Wolf Robe Hunt (1905-1977) were donated to the National Anthropological Archives in 1979 by his widow, Glenal Davis Hunt, in accordance with his wishes.
Restrictions:
Literary property rights to unpublished portions of the collection have been given to the public.

The Wolf Robe Hunt Papers are open for research. Access to the Wolf Robe Hunt Papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Citation:
Wolf Robe Hunt papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1979.0402
See more items in:
Wolf Robe Hunt Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1979-0402

Nellie Mae Whitted photographs of Acomita and Native peoples of the American Southwest

Creator:
Whitted, Nellie Mae  Search this
Extent:
22 Items (22 prints, postcards and greeting cards, color halftone)
36 Prints (silver gelatin (some on postcard stock))
Culture:
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Place:
Acoma (N.M.)
Taos Pueblo (N.M.)
Pueblo of Laguna (N.M.)
Date:
circa 1938-1941
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made by Nellie Mae Whitted in Paguote (1939) and Acomita, New Mexico. They include images of Acomita day school and its students and teachers, as well as houses and Eagle dancers. The collection also includes postcards and commercial prints relating to Navajo, Santo Domingo Pueblo, Santa Clara Pueblo, Ildefonso Pueblo, Taos Pueblo, and Laguna Pueblo. There are also Christmas cards with reproductions of paintings by Joni Falk and other artists and some correspondence to Whitted.
Biographical/Historical note:
Nellie Mae Whitted taught at the Acomita Day School set up by the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico, circa 1938-1941.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 98-75
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Pottery, dolls, baskets, and other artifacts given to Whitted by students in Acomita held in the Department of Anthropology collections in accession 390889.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Schools  Search this
Handicraft  Search this
Indian dance -- North America  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 98-75, Nellie Mae Whitted photographs of Acomita and Native peoples of the American Southwest, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.98-75
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-98-75

Edward Adamson Hoebel photographs of Shoshoni and Comanche people and dances

Creator:
Hoebel, E. Adamson (Edward Adamson), 1906-1993  Search this
Names:
Laboratory of Anthropology (Museum of New Mexico)  Search this
Linton, Ralph, 1893-1953  Search this
Extent:
33 Prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Date:
1933-1934
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made by Edward Adamson Hoebel during a 1933 Laboratory of Anthropology field school session led by Ralph Linton. They consist of images of Comanche people, including a Comanche brush dance at Walters, Oklahoma, and images of Shoshoni people during a sun dance at Fort Hall, Idaho, in 1934.
Biographical/Historical note:
Edward Adamson Hoebel (1906-1993) was an anthropologist and educator who pioneered studies of the legal systems of pre-literate societies. He received his PhD in anthropology from Columbia University in 1934, publishing his dissertation, "The Political Organization and Law-ways of the Comanche Indians," after conducting field research on Comanche legal systems at the Santa Fe Laboratory of Anthropology under the direction of Ralph Linton. Hoebel taught sociology and anthropology at New York University from 1929 until 1948 and later became a professor, head of the anthropology department, and Dean of Arts and Sciences at the University of Utah. Hoebel took visiting professorships at the universities of Harvard, Chicago, Nijmegen, Arizona, and Lehigh and served as president of the American Ethnological Society and the American Anthropological Association. He retired as Regents' Professor of Anthropology at the University of Minnesota.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 91-9
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Reports and correspondence by Hoebel held in the National Anthropological Archives in the American Ethnological Society records, Bureau of American Ethnology Administrative File, Esther Schiff Goldfrank Papers, and Raoul Weston LaBarre Papers.
Additional photographs of Comanche Indians at Walters held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 7505.
The American Philosophical Society holds the E. Adamson Hoebel Papers.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Sun Dance  Search this
Indian dance -- North America  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 91-9, Edward Adamson Hoebel photographs of Shoshoni and Comanche people and dances, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.91-9
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-91-9

Howard, James H. 1978. Review of Indian Dances of North America, Their Importance to Indian Life, by Reginald and Gladys Laubin. American Indian Quarterly 4(2): 184-186

Collection Correspondent:
Woolworth, Alan R.  Search this
Weslager, C.A.  Search this
Witthoft, John, 1921-1993  Search this
Swauger, James Lee  Search this
Turnbull, Colin  Search this
Horn, Frances L.  Search this
Garcia, Louis  Search this
Fogelson, Raymond D.  Search this
Hodge, William  Search this
Hayink, J.  Search this
Feder, Norman  Search this
Ervin, Sam J. Jr  Search this
Feraca, Stephen E., 1934-  Search this
Feest, Christian F.  Search this
Cree, Charlie  Search this
Davis, Edward Mott  Search this
De Busk, Charles R.  Search this
Iadarola, Angelo  Search this
Brasser, Ted J.  Search this
Bunge, Gene  Search this
Cavendish, Richard  Search this
Clifton, James A.  Search this
DeMallie, Raymond  Search this
Blake, Leonard W.  Search this
Dean, Nora Thompson  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Smith, John L.  Search this
Swanton, John Robert  Search this
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Peterson, John H.  Search this
Paredes, J. Anthony, 1939- (James Anthony)  Search this
Schleisser, Karl H.  Search this
Reed, Nelson A.  Search this
Medford, Claude W.  Search this
Lurie, Nancy Oestreich  Search this
Opler, Morris Edward  Search this
Nettl, Bruno, 1930-  Search this
Kraft, Herbert C.  Search this
Johnson, Michael G.  Search this
Lindsey-Levine, Victoria  Search this
Kurath, Gertrude  Search this
Collection Creator:
Howard, James H., 1925-1982 (James Henri)  Search this
Container:
Box 14
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1978
Collection Restrictions:
The James Henri Howard papers are open for research. Access to the James Henri Howard papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
James Henri Howard Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James Henri Howard Papers
James Henri Howard Papers / Series 2: Writings and Research / 2.5: Printed Publications by Howard / 1976-1979
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1994-30-ref233

William Wildschut Photograph Collection

Creator:
Wildschut, William  Search this
Names:
Curly, approximately 1856-1923  Search this
Plenty Coups, 1848-1932  Search this
Two Leggings, ca. 1847-1923  Search this
Extent:
183 Negatives (photographic)
21 Photographic prints
Culture:
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Postcards
Date:
1870-1930
bulk 1917-1928
Summary:
The William Wildschut photograph collection contains 183 photographic negatives, and 89 post cards. From 1917 to 1928 William Wildschut studied the Apsáalooke people through interviews, photography, and the collection of cultural objects. In 1921 Wildschut was hired as a field man by George Gustav Heye the director of the Museum of the American Indian, Wildschut officially collected and conducted field expeditions in Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, Canada, and North Dakota on behalf of the Museum until 1928. Wildschuts photographs include portrait style photos of Apsáalooke people, special events, daily reservation life, interments, and encampments. Tribes represented in this collection are primarily Apsáalooke, the postcard collection consists of other tribes including Lakota, Arapaho, and other unidentified tribes.
Scope and Contents:
The William Wildschut collection contains 183 photographic negatives, and 21 photographic prints. The photographic negatives were made by Wildschut between 1917 and 1928. The majority of the photographs in this collection are of Apsáalooke people and their reservation, however the postcard collection consists of over 14 instances of people from unidentified tribes. Wildschut photographed Apsáalooke chiefs, leaders and their families in portrait style poses and his subjects are usually dressed in their finest. He also photographed events such as Crow fair, veteran celebrations, parades, ceremonies, and interments.

The Apsáalooke are a people of the northern plains, their ancestral territory is in Yellowstone River valley, which extends from present-day Wyoming, through Montana and into North Dakota, where it joins the Missouri River. Today the Crow Indian Reservation in located in south-central Montana which covers roughly 2,300,000 acres of land and it is the fifth-largest Indian reservation in the United States. The Crow are known for their horsemanship, exquisite beadwork, clan system, historic war societies, 7th Calvary scouts, prolific chiefs, and beautiful homeland.

Series 1: Apsáalooke chiefs and leaders photographed in portrait style taken between 1917-1928. Wildschut captured images of many of the last Apsáalooke war chiefs who were, at the time, adjusting to a new life on the reservation. Many of the chiefs and leaders Wildschut photographed were dealing with new issues such as the Allotment Act, the Indian Citizenship Act, implementation of boarding schools, and government imposed regulations on traditional practices.

Series 2: Groups of Apsáalooke people in various situations. These photographs were taken at social events such as parades, dances, celebrations, and at the 45th annual Battle of the Little Big Horn.

Series 3: Apsáalooke people (individuals and families) in various situations. Some photographs are portrait style poses and others are casual instances. The Crow, who call themselves Apsáalooke or Biiluuke, are people of the Northern Plains. The Apsáalooke people continue to maintain their language and remain resilient in their cultural practices, they still identify themselves through a clan system, these clans are Ashshitchíte/the Big Lodge, Ashhilaalíoo/ Newly Made Lodge, Uuwatashe/ Greasy Mouth, Ashíiooshe/ Sore Lip, Xúhkaalaxche/ Ties the Bundle, Biliikóoshe/ Whistling Waters, Ashkápkawiia/ Bad War Deeds, and the Aashkamne/ Piegan clan.

Series 4: Photographs of the reenactment of the Battle of the Little Big Horn in Garryowen, MT in 1921. The Battle of the Little Bighorn was fought along the banks of the Little Bighorn River, in south central Montana on June 25-26, 1876. The 7th Regiment of the U.S. Cavalry engaged in armed combat with the Lakota, Sioux, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho tribes. The site of the battlefield is located on the Crow Indian reservation which is where Wildschut photographed the re-enactment. This event involved actual survivors of the event and many other re-enactors.

Series 5: Casual photographs of non-ceremonial dances, parades, fairs, races and rodeos. The Apsáalooke enjoy a very social culture, they revel in coming together to sing, dance, and celebrate as often as possible. This is called baasaxpilúua (Celebration). Baasaxpilúua allows families and clans to reunite and solidify their bonds. One such occasion is the annual Crow Fair celebration that takes place on the Crow reservation, on the third week of August. The Crow parade is a stunning exhibition of beadwork adorning people, horses and various types of floats. The beadwork of the Crow people is among the most technically proficient and visually exquisite in the world.

Series 6: Encampments with tipis (ashtáale) and tents. Wildschuts photographs of encampments are on the Crow reservation, Fort Custer, and at the Billings fair (a fair that Crows would go to parade, dance, camp and watch races and rodeos). The Apsáalooke call the tipi ashtáale, which translates to real home. Wildschut was not allowed into the tipi to photograph, there is only one photographic instance where he took photographs of a family in a tipi [N31145] and [N31146].

Series 7: Restricted Photographs of interments, ceremonies, sacred spaces and objects). As an ethnographer William Wildschut spent time studying Crow culture. He interviewed Crow people and even witnessed ceremonial events. Wildschut developed relationships with certain Crows who allowed him the honor of being present when private sacred bundles where opened. In some cases Wildschut was allowed to photograph these sacred events. Not all Apsáalooke people agree with these permissions, however the Crow people understand that those who allowed Wildschuts presence did so for their own purposes. The Apsáalooke come from a living culture and still maintain their language, culture and beliefs. They have respectfully requested that these photographs not be made public.
Arrangement note:
This collection is arranged into eight series by people, events, locations and postcards. Series 1: Apsáalooke Chiefs (Bacheeítche), Series 2: Apsáalooke Groupings, Series 3: Apsáalooke People, Series 4: 45th Annual Battle of the Little Big Horn, Series 5: Parades, Dances, and Events, Series 6: Encampments, Series 7: Restricted Content, Series 8: Postcards.
Biographical/Historical note:
William Wildschut was born Willem Wildschut on March 30, 1883, in Jisp, Holland. He married in 1909 in Leicester, England, and moved with his wife to Trier, Germany, where he was in charge of a cigarette factory. This began a long period during which Wildschut and his family moved frequently between Holland, Canada, and the western United States, usually while Wildschut was managing factories. In 1917 Wildschut moved his family to Billings, Montana where he worked in Farm Mortgages, this work took him to Hardin, Mt. (a small farming community 43 miles east of Billings), which borders the Crow Indian reservation and once served as an economic hub for the Apsáalooke people. William was fascinated with the Crow and began purchasing medicine bundles, war shirts, and various other items from the Crow which he found a market for with George Gustav Heye the founding Director of the Museum of the American Indian. In 1922, Heye purchased Wildschut's medicine bundle collection and hired him as a field man. From 1921 to 1928 Wildschut officially collected and conducted field expeditions in Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, Canada, and North Dakota on behalf of the Museum. Wildschut was also a collector of photographs. In the late 1920's he distributed a series of postcards that featured Native American people. These postcards featured his own photos as well as those of other photographers. During his employment with the Museum of the American Indian he was made a member of the Explorer's Club, and published several articles in the Museum's series "Indian Notes". On May 1, 1928, after the death of two of Heye's major benefactors, Wildschut was let go. In 1929 Wildschut and his family relocated to California where he worked for different mortgage companies. 1936 he was transferred to Oakland, California where he remained until his passing on January 7, 1955.

According to letters from him wife, William Wildschut was given a Crow name and was close friends with many Crow people. She also wrote that he believed it was his calling to do the work with Indians, however when he was released from employment with MAI he became distraught and never spoke of Indian people again. There are few stories about William Wildschut that remain in Crow Country, one is that his name was "Xaapaliiashilish" (Bundle Buyer) which is fitting considering he purchased and hundreds of sacred bundles from the Crow, which are now in Museums and Private Collections all over the world.

William Wildschut wrote several book manuscripts during his time with the Crow, three were later edited and published, these include: Crow Indian Beadwork (New York: Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation: 1959), Crow Indian Medicine Bundles (New York: Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation: 1960) and Two Leggings: The Making of a Crow Warrior which was published in 1967.
Related Materials:
Additional William Wildschut papers (WA MSS S-2386) are located at Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, and The Yale Collection of Western Americana, New Haven, Connecticut.

The National Museum of the American Indian holds additional William Wildschut material such as letters, notes, receipts, and objects descriptions in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation records, 1890-1989. They can be found in Series 6: Collectors, Box 284, Folder 14 to Box 286, Folder 6.
Separated Materials:
Originally, a collection of Fred E. Miller photographs purchased by William Wildschut were marked as William Wildschut photographs and were included in this collection. They have since been identified by Dorothy Munson, curator of the Fred E. Miller Collection, in Housatonic, Massachusetts, and have been processed separately as the Fred E. Miller photograph collection.
Provenance:
The Wildschut photograph collection was purchased from William P. Wreden of Palo Alto, California, by Frederick Dockstader, director of the Museum of the American Indian, in 1964. Mrs. Wildschut had given the negative collection to Frederick Moore, a friend of the Wildschuts, for his personal collection. However, when Moore's bookselling business went bankrupt the Wildschut images ended up as part of the bankruptcy sale and were purchased by Wreden. Many of the postcards in this collection were taken years after Wildschuts death, these post cards were possibly added to the collection by Fredrick Moore or William P. Wreden.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu). Certain photographs have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Crow Indians -- Social life and customs -- Photographs  Search this
Crow Indians -- Dances -- Photographs  Search this
Historical reenactments  Search this
Crow Indians -- Montana -- Crow Indian Reservation -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Negatives (photographic)
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); William Wildschut photograph collection, Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.033
See more items in:
William Wildschut Photograph Collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-033
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