The papers of Owen M. Lynch (1931-2013) contain his research and fieldwork on marginalized castes in India, and in particular highlight his work among the Dalits, or Untouchables, in Agra. The collection consists of field notes, surveys, interviews, maps, drawings, manuscript notes and drafts, language materials, subject files, day planners, correspondence, university papers, conference symposium and panel materials, photographs, sound recordings, video recordings, and electronic records.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Owen M. Lynch document his research and field work in India, and in particular highlight his work among the Dalits in Agra. The collection consists of field notes, surveys, interviews, maps, drawings, manuscript notes and drafts, language materials, subject files, day planners, correspondence, university papers, conference symposium and panel materials, photographs, sound recordings, video recordings, and electronic records. The Munda Languages Project was Lynch's first fieldwork experience in India and focused on the Nihali and Nahali languages. His subsequent research focused on the Dalits in Agra, the Dharavi slums of Mumbai, the Chaube Brahmans in Mathura, and the Radhavallabhi sect in Brindaban. This research is represented well in his field notes, photographs, and sound recordings.
Lynch also kept extensive subject files on numerous Indian issues which contain significant material on the Dalits, Indian economics and politics, and related researchers. There is a small amount of Lynch's university papers from both his time as a student and as a professor. His student material includes reading notes, his student papers, and dissertation proposal. His university papers are chiefly course and lecture notes. The bulk of the photographs are from Lynch's fieldwork, primarily from Agra and Mumbai. Included are photos of slums in Agra and Mumbai, shoemakers in Agra, weddings, ceremonies, conferences, and parades. There are also prints used in his first book The Politics of Untouchability. The presentation slides are thematically arranged sets of photographs, presumably used for course lectures or conference presentations. The majority of the sound recordings are from fieldwork in Agra in 1994-1995, and include lectures, interviews, conference recordings, and songs.
The Owen M. Lynch papers are arranged into 13 series:
2. Research, 1956-2006
3. Subject Files, 1953-2012
4. University, 1951-2010
5. Writings, 1963-2005
6. Writings By Others, circa 1950-2003
7. Correspondence, 1947-2010 and undated
8. Professional Activities, 1977-2004
9. Biographical, 1945-2007
10. Ephemera, circa 1990-circa 2000
11. Photographs, circa 1940s-circa 2009 and undated
12. Sound Recordings, 1962-2006
13. Video Recordings, circa 2000-circa 2011
14. Electronic Records, circa 1980-2011
1931 -- Born on January 4 in Flushing, New York
1956 -- B.A., Fordham University
1962-1964 -- Fieldwork: Munda Languages Project, Madhya Pradesh, India
1964-1964 -- Fieldwork: Dalits in Agra, India
1966 -- Ph.D. in anthropology, Columbia University
1966-1969 -- Assistant Professor, State University of New York at Binghamton
1966-1986 -- Seminar Associate, Columbia University Seminars
1969-1973 -- Associate Professor, State University of New York at Binghamton
1970-1971 -- Fieldwork: Squatters in Mumbai, India
1974-2003 -- Charles F. Noyes Professor Emeritus of Urban Anthropology, New York University
1978-1984 -- Senior Research Associate, Southern Asian Institute, Columbia University
1980-1982 -- Fieldwork: Pilgrimage and Chaube Brahmans in Mathura, India
1988-1989 -- Fieldwork: Radhavallabhi Sect in Brindaban, India
1994-1995 -- Fieldwork: Dalits in Agra, India
2013 -- Died on April 26 in Boston, Massachusetts
Owen M. Lynch was an anthropologist and scholar with New York University who was noted for his pioneering work with the Dalits, or Untouchables, in India. He was born in 1931 in Flushing, New York. He earned his bachelor's degree from Fordham University (1956) and his Ph.D in anthropology from Columbia University (1966). He began his teaching career in 1966 as an assistant professor at the State University of New York at Binghamton. He became the Charles F. Noyes Professor Emeritus of Urban Anthropology at New York University in 1974 where he remained until his retirement in 2003.
His first fieldwork experience was with the Munda Languages Project in Madhya Pradesh, India, in 1962. His involvement with the project centered around work with the Nihali and Nahali languages. In 1963, he began fieldwork among the Dalits in Agra. He worked with the Jatavs, many of whom were shoemakers. This fieldwork would evolve into his dissertation, and form the basis for his first book The Politics of Untouchablility, published in 1969. He continued to study the Dalits and other marginalized peoples in India, including the Dharavi slums in Mumbai, Chaube Brahmans in Mathura, and the Radhavallabhi sect in Brindaban. He wrote extensively about the impact of Dalit leader B.R. Ambedkar, as well as the intersections of Buddhism, politics, and economics within India and the Dalit community.
Lynch was active in numerous anthropological associations. Among other professional appointments, he served on the editorial boards of South Asian Social Scientist (1984-1987), the Association of Asian Studies (1973-1977), and the International Journal of Hindu Studies (1997-2013); he was chair of the South Asia Council of the Association for Asian Studies (1985-1988) and president of the Society for Urban, National and Transnational Anthropology (1996-1998). He was also involved with groups such as the Volunteers in Service to India's Oppressed and Neglected (VISION), and was an active participant on conference panels and symposiums. He retired from teaching in 2003, and died in 2013.
2014 Owen M. Lynch (1931-2013). American Anthropologist. 116(4): 898-900.
The collection was donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Owen Lynch's niece, Maureen Murphy, in 2013.
Some material related to scholarship applications, job applications, and doctoral applications and defenses are restricted and not available for access. Restriction dates are noted in the container listing.
Access to the Owen M. Lynch papers requires an appointment.
The collection is a compilation of gifts from numerous donors, of documents relating to Judaism in numerous countries and the United States. Documents include betrothal contracts, bills of divorcement, eulogies, memorial plaques, candle labels, Jewish calendars, sukkah decorations, certificates of ritual slaughter, prayers, poems, sermons, and other types of documents.
Collection is unarranged.
The Judaica Collection at the Smithsonian is the oldest of its type in the United States. The archival collection is comprised of various documents, prints, sukkah decorations, marriage contracts, and memorial candle labels from Europe and the Middle East. The bulk of the collection was transferred in the 1960's to the National Museum of History and Technology (later, the National Museum of American History). A portion of the collection (artifact-related) still resides in the National Museum of Natural History. For a detailed description of items found in the collection see Cohen Grossman, Grace and Richard Ahlborn. "Judaica at the Smithsonian: Cultural Politics as Cultural Model." Smithsonian Studies in History and Technology, Number 52, 1997.
The first Judaica collections were acquired by the Smithsonian specifically for the World's Columbian Exposition in 1890. The next large Judaica collection was acquired in 1902 with the purchase of a torah case and Sukkah ornaments from Ephraim Deinard, bibliophile, Hebrew author and independent book dealer. A native of Latvia, Deinard immigrated to the United States in 1888. By 1913, Deinard had amassed a large collection of Judaica from Europe and the Middle East. He eventually deposited, between 1920 and 1927, almost 600 objects to the Smithsonian. The collection remained on loan until 1955 when Deinard's heirs donated the collection.
It was 10 years later with the opening of the National Museum of History and Technology (National Museum of American History), that there was a renewed interest in collecting Judaica objects. A small number of Judaica objects have been acquired since then. The archival collection is housed at the Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Cohen Grossman, Grace and Richard Ahlborn. "Judaica at the Smithsonian: Cultural Politics as Cultural Model." Smithsonian Studies in History and Technology, Number 52, 1997.
This collection has related artifacts in the Division of Home and Community Life (now Division of Cultural and Community Life).
The collection was donated by the following donors:
J.H. Kantrowitz.,Purchase,1889; Mrs. S. Sulzberger, Gift; Leopold Luchs, Gift; Dr. Cyrus Adler ,Gift; Mayer Sulzberger, Purchase; Rev. Henry Cohen, Gift.,1897; William Wesley and Son, Purchase; Father S. Krauss, Gift.,1902; S.S. Howland, Bequest.,1902; Ephraim Deinard, Purchase.,1902; Mrs. Simon Kann,Gift.,1920;
Henry S. Hartogensis,Gift,1920; Ms. L. Lieberman,Gift,1924; Ephraim Deinard,Gift; Cara Goldberg Marks, Michael Neil Marks.,Gift; Michael Harris, Gift, 1982; Richard E. Ahlborn,Gift, 1986; Sylvia E. Lipkowitz, Gift, 1987; and
Neeman, Zipora,Gift, 1988.
Collection is open for research.
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
The Curt Maury papers, dating from 1953 to circa 1985, measure 12.7 linear feet and include writings and notes for planned and published books; travel files and expense ledgers for trips to India; photograph ledgers; and extensive photographs and slides of India.
Scope and Contents:
The Curt Maury papers, dating from 1953 to circa 1985, measure 12.7 linear feet and consist of writings and notes for planned and published books; travel files and expense ledgers for trips to India; photograph ledgers; and extensive photographs and slides of India.
The collection was created by Maury primarily in preparation for an unpublished book to be titled, "India's Folk
Tradition as the Mirror of Mankind's Religious History." Materials include manuscript and typescript drafts
and notes for this book, as well as for published book, Folk Origins of Indian Art (1969). Travel files include printed maps of India, Maury's sketched map outlines of cities in India, and five travel expense ledgers. Photographic materials consist of black and white prints and slides depicting Indian folk art, including religious artifacts and structures, and Indian cultural activities and surroundings. Nine photograph ledgers describe images and locations of photographs and slides with roll and image number.
The collection is arranged as 3 series.
Series 1: Writings and Notes, circa 1960s-circa 1970s [3.7 linear feet; Boxes 1-5, 7-11]
Series 2: Travel Files, 1953-1975 [0.4 linear feet; Box 5, 1 OV Folder]
Series 3: Photographic Material, circa 1960-circa 1985 [8.5 linear feet; Boxes 6, 12-44]
Curt Maury (1909-1989) was a writer, social services administrator, and scholar of Indian art. He was born in Germany, earned a PhD in German Literature from the University of Vienna in 1935, and immigrated to the United States in 1939. While pursuing a literary career through the publication of novels, plays, and poems, Maury developed an interest in India, which he visited many times from the 1950s through the 1970s. He conducted research on Indian folk art, and kept extensive photographic records.
The papers were donated to the Archives after Curt Maury's death in 1989 by his brother, Hans Tischler.
Collection is open for research. Due to cold storage requirements, digital surrogates are prefered for access. One week's notice is required prior to access originals.
Permission to reproduce and publish an item from the Archives is coordinated through the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery's Rights and Reproductions Department. Please contact the Archives in order to initiate this process.
1.5 cu. ft. (1 record storage box) (1 document box)
Washington (D.C.) -- Social life and customs
This accession consists of the personal papers of Helena M. Weiss and documents her life in Washington, DC, her family, and her work and colleagues at the Smithsonian
Institution, such as Ray S. Bassler and E. O. Ulrich. Also documented are Weiss' trips to Thailand, Nepal, and India. Of particular note is a scrapbook containing images of
Weiss' family, friends, colleagues, and travel. Materials include correspondence, clippings, awards, brochures, publications, picture postcards, a scrapbook, and images.
11.3 cu. ft. (8 record storage boxes) (15 11x17 D1 videocases)
Motion pictures (visual works)
Japan -- Social life and customs
Shalamar Garden (Lahore, Pakistan)
This accession consists of audiovisual materials created during the production of "Dream Window: Reflections on the Japanese Garden." This video was produced in 1992
by Executive Producers Paul B. Johnson and Toshio Murayama, Senior Producer Laura T. Schneider, and Co-producer John W. Hiller in association with Kajima Kensetsu Kabushiki
Kaisha and presented by WETA-TV, Washington, D.C. The video allows viewers to experience the secrets of Japanese gardens and their influence on Japanese society today and
features both traditional and contemporary Japanese gardens including those of the legendary Moss Temple of Saihōji, Katsura Imperial Villa (Katsura Rikyū), Tenryū-shi, the
Ken Domon Museum of Photography (Domon Ken Kinenkan), and Sogetsu Hall. The video won an Emmy. Materials include interpositives, mixes, masters, sound reels, interviews, film
transfers, dubs, edited master, and related materials. Also included are camera rolls for "Gardens of the Mughal Empire," a proposed video that evolved into an interactive on-line exhibition (http://www.mughalgardens.org/intro.html) that recreates and studies the Shalamar Gardens of Lahore, Pakistan and in India and the rest of South Asia in
their cultural contexts.
Restrictions pertaining to the use of these materials may apply (based on contracts/copyright). Access restrictions may also apply if viewing/listening copies are not currently available. Viewing/listening copies can be made for a fee. Contact reference staff for details.
5 Prints (albumen, unmounted, images 24 x 28 cm. or smaller.)
India -- Social life and customs
India -- Delhi -- Delhi
Scope and Contents:
Five albumen prints from the studio of Bourne and Shepherd, circa 1903. Each blind stamped "Bourne & Shepherd" in the lower right corner. One print has the inscription "The Delhi Durbar, which took place at Delhi, India. In honor of the crowning of King Edward." written across the top in black ink.
One oversized folder.
Biographical / Historical:
Samuel Bourne and Charles Shepherd were British photographers active in India in the mid-to-late 19th century. Bourne's career began with his arrival in Calcutta in 1863. In Simla, he formed a partnership with two established photographers, Shepherd and Howard (likely William Howard). Howard soon left, and within a few years, Bourne & Shepherd had become the most successful firm in the subcontinent, with their work widely distributed throughout India and in Britain. Two additional studios were opened in Calcutta (1867) and Bombay (1870). Bourne departed in 1870 and was replaced as principal photographer by Colin Murray. Shepherd returned to England in 1879. The firm changed ownership numerous times in the early 20th century and currently operates under the same name in Calcutta -- perhaps the oldest photographic studio still in operation.
"Durbar" is a Moghul term which came to be applied to the great ceremonial gatherings held in Delhi and other locations during the time of the British Empire, usually for the purpose of showing loyalty to the crown. The Delhi Durbar, translated as "Court of Delhi," refers to three such gatherings held at Coronation Park, Delhi , in 1877, 1903 and 1911, to celebrate the coronation of a new King and Queen of the United Kingdom. Organized by Lord Curzon, the Delhi Durbar of 1903 was by all accounts a truly dazzling two-week spectacle of pomp and pageantry, commemorating the ascension of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra as Emperor and Empress of India.
Collection is open for research.
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
India -- Social life and customs -- Pictorial works
India -- Description and Travel -- views
India -- Union Territory
Scope and Contents:
The circumstances of creation are unknown for these watercolor drawings depicting Tamil men and women in various trades and activities. These ethnographic studies may have been rendered by a local Indian artist of the Pondicherry area of South India on commission for a French official or merchant. The name "Company School" has been attached to suggest the similarity between these drawings and those typically commissioned by the East India Company, especially during the early 18th century. The regularity of size and shape and numbering of the sheets would seem to indicate that these drawings may have been used to illustrate a bound monograph. Captions are in French. Several sheets are watermarked "J. Whatman. Balston & Co." with dates 1822-1825.
Organized by subject.
Donated by Thomas L. Hughes 1984-1985, the French India Sackler Study Collection was transferred to the Archives from the Sackler Gallery Study Collection on December 13 and 22, 1993.